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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#1
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822210/evaluation-of-the-association-between-disaster-training-and-confidence-in-disaster-response-among-graduate-medical-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Andrew Grock, Adam R Aluisio, Elizabeth Abram, Patricia Roblin, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: Disasters by definition overwhelm the resources of a hospital and may require a response from a range of practitioners. Disaster training is part of emergency medicine (EM) resident curricula, but less emphasized in other training programs. This study aimed to compare disaster educational training and confidence levels among resident trainees from multiple specialties. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire assessed graduate medical training in disaster education and self-perceived confidence in disaster situations...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818990/clinical-use-and-utility-of-amyloid-imaging
#3
Henryk Barthel, Osama Sabri
Currently, three amyloid PET tracers are approved and commercially available for clinical use. They allow for the accurate in vivo detection of amyloid plaques, one hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we review the current knowledge on the clinical use and utility of amyloid imaging. Appropriate use criteria for the clinical application of amyloid imaging are established, and most currently available data point to their validity. Visual amyloid image analysis is highly standardized. Disclosure of amyloid imaging results is desired by many cognitively impaired subjects, and seems to be safe once appropriate education is delivered to the disclosing clinicians...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808803/a-prototype-educational-model-for-hepatobiliary-interventions-unveiling-the-role-of-graphic-designers-in-medical-3d-printing
#4
Ramin Javan, Merissa N Zeman
In the context of medical three-dimensional (3D) printing, in addition to 3D reconstruction from cross-sectional imaging, graphic design plays a role in developing and/or enhancing 3D-printed models. A custom prototype modular 3D model of the liver was graphically designed depicting segmental anatomy of the parenchyma containing color-coded hepatic vasculature and biliary tree. Subsequently, 3D printing was performed using transparent resin for the surface of the liver and polyamide material to develop hollow internal structures that allow for passage of catheters and wires...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808702/virtual-simulation-teaching-centre-in-dental-education-a-report-from-fujian-medical-university-china
#5
Hao Yu, Chang Yuan Zhang, Si Hui Zhang, Hui Cheng, Jiang Chen
This report gives a brief introduction to the Virtual Simulation Teaching Centre of Fujian Medical University School of Stomatology (VSFMUSS), China. As one of the best dental simulation laboratories in China, the VSFMUSS aims to train dental students and clinicians to be professionals who are able to provide optimal oral health care by giving them the best virtual patient care experience possible in a nonclinical setting. The features, achievements and future directions of the VSFMUSS are addressed. Moreover, the role of the VSFMUSS was evaluated and discussed based on the students' and faculties' perceptions, rate of employment after graduation, and so on...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801082/-how-to-videos-improve-residents-performance-of-essential-perioperative-electronic-medical-records-and-clinical-tasks
#6
Veronica Zoghbi, Robert C Caskey, Kristoffel R Dumon, Jacqueline M Soegaard Ballester, Ari D Brooks, Jon B Morris, Daniel T Dempsey
OBJECTIVE: The ability to use electronic medical records (EMR) is an essential skill for surgical residents. However, frustration and anxiety surrounding EMR tasks may detract from clinical performance. We created a series of brief, 1-3 minutes "how to" videos demonstrating 7 key perioperative EMR tasks: booking OR cases, placing preprocedure orders, ordering negative-pressure wound dressing supplies, updating day-of-surgery history and physical notes, writing brief operative notes, discharging patients from the postanesthesia care unit, and checking vital signs...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789739/teamstepps-virtual-teams-interactive-virtual-team-training-and-practice-for-health-professional-learners
#7
Rachel A Umoren, Julie A Poore, Linda Sweigart, Natalia Rybas, Evalyn Gossett, Miles Johnson, Martina Allen, Patricia J Scott, Barbara Truman, Rohit Das
Medical errors because of communication failure are common in health care settings. Teamwork training, such as Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS), improves team performance and patient outcomes. Academic institutions seek high-quality, low-cost curricula for interprofessional education (IPE) to prepare learners for clinical experiences before and after graduation; however, most IPE curricula involve lectures, simple tabletop exercises, and in-person simulations and are not readily accessible to geographically distributed and asynchronously engaged learners...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778110/breaking-bad-news-training-program-based-on-video-reviews-and-spikes-strategy-what-do-perinatology-residents-think-about-it
#8
Maria Silvia Vellutini Setubal, Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Sheyla Ribeiro Rocha, Eliana Martorano Amaral
Objective Resident doctors usually face the task to communicate bad news in perinatology without any formal training. The impact on parents can be disastrous. The objective of this paper is to analyze the perception of residents regarding a training program in communicating bad news in perinatology based on video reviews and setting, perception, invitation, knowledge, emotion, and summary (SPIKES) strategy. Methods We performed the analysis of complementary data collected from participants in a randomized controlled intervention study to evaluate the efficacy of a training program on improving residents' skills to communicate bad news...
August 4, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777116/emergency-airway-response-team-simulation-training-a-nursing-perspective
#9
Janet T Crimlisk, Gintas P Krisciunas, Gregory A Grillone, R Mauricio Gonzalez, Michael R Winter, Susan C Griever, Eduarda Fernandes, Ron Medzon, Joseph S Blansfield, Adam Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education is an important tool in the training of professionals in the medical field, especially for low-frequency, high-risk events. An interprofessional simulation-based training program was developed to enhance Emergency Airway Response Team (EART) knowledge, team dynamics, and personnel confidence. This quality improvement study evaluated the EART simulation training results of nurse participants. METHOD: Twenty-four simulation-based classes of 4-hour sessions were conducted during a 12-week period...
September 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775383/high-resolution-3-dimensional-imaging-of-the-human-cardiac-conduction-system-from-microanatomy-to-mathematical-modeling
#10
Robert S Stephenson, Andrew Atkinson, Petros Kottas, Filip Perde, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh, Mike Bateman, Paul A Iaizzo, Jichao Zhao, Henggui Zhang, Robert H Anderson, Jonathan C Jarvis, Halina Dobrzynski
Cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances are accompanied by structural remodelling of the specialised cardiomyocytes known collectively as the cardiac conduction system. Here, using contrast enhanced micro-computed tomography, we present, in attitudinally appropriate fashion, the first 3-dimensional representations of the cardiac conduction system within the intact human heart. We show that cardiomyocyte orientation can be extracted from these datasets at spatial resolutions approaching the single cell...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774522/integrating-retinal-simulation-with-a-peer-assessed-group-osce-format-to-teach-direct-ophthalmoscopy
#11
Imran H Yusuf, Edward Ridyard, Timothy H M Fung, Zuzana Sipkova, Chetan K Patel
OBJECTIVE: To describe the conception and evaluation of a novel educational intervention to teach direct ophthalmoscopy with retinal simulators using a peer-assessed group objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) format. DESIGN: Prospective, single-centre educational trial at Oxford University Medical School, Oxford, U.K. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 160 consecutive undergraduate fifth-year medical students participated in the study. METHODS: Students identified prior experience, teaching, examination, and feedback relevant to direct ophthalmoscopy...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771649/implementing-a-disaster-preparedness-curriculum-for-medical-students
#12
Edward H Jasper, Gregory K Wanner, Dale Berg, Katherine Berg
OBJECTIVES: Training in disaster medicine and preparedness is minimal or absent in the curricula of many medical schools in the United States. Despite a 2003 joint recommendation by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, few medical schools require disaster training for medical students. The challenges of including disaster training in an already rigorous medical school curriculum are significant. We evaluated medical students' experiences with mandatory disaster training during a 2-year period in a medical university setting...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768948/roles-and-educational-effects-of-clinical-case-studies-in-home-medical-care
#13
Tomoji Ohsawa, Takao Shimazoe
 Due to the progression of aging in Japan, pharmacists need to participate in home medical care. To enable pharmacists with no previous experience to participate in home medical care of patients with various diseases in the home environment, it is necessary to adopt an approach of training them in advance. It is thought useful for such clinical training to include patient case studies, which may facilitate the training of pharmacists for home medical care through simulated experience. "The working group to create home clinical cases for education" was launched by a group of university faculty, who have educational knowledge, and trained pharmacists who work with the patients at home...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768947/present-activities-and-problems-of-home-medical-care-by-pharmacists
#14
Satomi Koga, Tetsunari Nishimura
 The rapidly aging population in Japan led to the revision of the dispensing fees, with reviews of the system for added fees on prescriptions for home-bound patients by one-pharmacist pharmacies. However, given the current situation, it is difficult for pharmacies to be engaged in home care, so there are few small pharmacies that are willing to do so. This situation led to a decrease in the number of pharmacists who are experienced in home care. Pharmacists are requesting that practical training in home care be included in the Model Core Curriculum...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765716/simulation-training-in-neurosurgery-advances-in-education-and-practice
#15
REVIEW
Sanjay Konakondla, Reginald Fong, Clemens M Schirmer
The current simulation technology used for neurosurgical training leaves much to be desired. Significant efforts are thoroughly exhausted in hopes of developing simulations that translate to give learners the "real-life" feel. Though a respectable goal, this may not be necessary as the application for simulation in neurosurgical training may be most useful in early learners. The ultimate uniformly agreeable endpoint of improved outcome and patient safety drives these investments. We explore the development, availability, educational taskforces, cost burdens and the simulation advancements in neurosurgical training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762538/assessing-patient-centred-communication-in-teaching-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-of-instruments
#16
REVIEW
Marianne Brouwers, Ellemieke Rasenberg, Chris van Weel, Roland Laan, Evelyn van Weel-Baumgarten
CONTEXT: Patient-centred communication is a key component of patient centredness in medical care. Therefore, adequate education in and assessment of patient-centred communication skills are necessary. In general, feedback on communication skills is most effective when it is provided directly and is systematic. This calls for adequate measurement instruments. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of existing instruments that measure patient centredness in doctor-patient communication and can be used to provide direct feedback...
August 1, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759091/fundamentals-for-an-osteopathic-obesity-designed-study-the-effects-of-education-on-osteopathic-medical-students-attitudes-regarding-obesity
#17
Gregory G Gayer, Jennifer Weiss, Michael Clearfield
Context: Obesity is a major health concern in the United States, and its prevalence continues to rise. Although it is a common health issue, many people, including health care professionals, are biased against people with obesity. Objective: To determine whether a comprehensive obesity curriculum presented to students in medical school can positively influence their attitudes toward obesity. Methods: The study was designed around a comprehensive educational obesity curriculum at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA, involving the classes of 2013 through 2018...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758233/exploring-examinee-behaviours-as-validity-evidence-for-multiple-choice-question-examinations
#18
Luke T Surry, Dario Torre, Steven J Durning
CONTEXT: Clinical-vignette multiple choice question (MCQ) examinations are used widely in medical education. Standardised MCQ examinations are used by licensure and certification bodies to award credentials that are meant to assure stakeholders as to the quality of physicians. Such uses are based on the interpretation of MCQ examination performance as giving meaningful information about the quality of clinical reasoning. There are several assumptions foundational to these interpretations and uses of standardised MCQ examinations...
July 31, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756146/two-year-experience-implementing-a-curriculum-to-improve-residents-patient-centered-communication-skills
#19
Amber W Trickey, Anna B Newcomb, Melissa Porrey, Franco Piscitani, Jeffrey Wright, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: Surgery milestones from The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education have encouraged a focus on training and assessment of residents' nontechnical skills, including communication. We describe our 2-year experience implementing a simulation-based curriculum, results of annual communication performance assessments, and resident evaluations. DESIGN: Eight quarterly modules were conducted on various communication topics. Former patient volunteers served as simulation participants (SP) who completed annual assessments using the Communication Assessment Tool (CAT)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748999/-simulation-in-medical-education-from-the-perspective-of-patients%C3%A2-safety
#20
Patricia Moya R, Maxy Ruz A, Elisa Parraguez L, Verónica Carreño E, Ana María Rodríguez C, Patricia Froes M
We herein review the association between patients’ safety and simulation methods for medical education. This evidence should help to change the present paradigm in medical education, where there is still reticence towards this education method. A total of 20 papers on the subject were reviewed. Ninety percent of these articles conclude that simulation contributes to patient safety, 5% conclude that the evidence is uncertain and 5% conclude that the effects will be seen in the next decade. Thus, the majority of papers support the use of simulation in medical education as a method that improves patients’ safety...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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