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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166576/the-beneficial-health-aspects-of-sea-buckthorn-elaeagnus-rhamnoides-l-a-nelson-oil
#1
REVIEW
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#2
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159348/hydrogen-evolution-from-water-based-on-plasmon-induced-charge-separation-at-a-tio2-au-nio-pt-system
#3
Kun-Che Kao, Yoshinori Kuroiwa, Hiroyasu Nishi, Tetsu Tatsuma
Metal-semiconductor plasmonic nanostructures are capable of converting light energy through plasmon-induced charge separation (PICS), providing fruitful new strategies to utilize solar energy in various fields, including photocatalysis. Here, we enhance the PICS efficiencies for hydrogen evolution from water at a Pt cathode coupled with a TiO2/Au photoanode by coating the TiO2/Au with a p-type NiO layer on which a Pt co-catalyst is deposited. PICS occurs at the Au-TiO2 interface under visible light. The electrons injected from the Au nanoparticles into TiO2 are transported to the Pt cathode and cause hydrogen evolution from water, the action spectrum of which matches the plasmonic extinction spectrum of the Au nanoparticles...
November 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158661/policy-system-and-environmental-correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-low-income-african-american-population-in-the-southeast
#4
Lori Brand Bateman, LaToya J O'Neal, Theolishia Smith, Yufeng Li, Theresa A Wynn, Chen Dai, Mona N Fouad
Objective: The current study seeks to identify policy, system and environmental (PSE) correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of low-income African Americans in two counties in Alabama (Jefferson and Mobile) and one county in Mississippi (Forrest). Design: A modified Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFFS) survey, which included multi-level ecological factors, was used to evaluate nutritional habits at the pre-intervention stage of a multi-state research study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158481/female-specific-myoinhibitory-peptide-neurons-regulate-mating-receptivity-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#5
Yong-Hoon Jang, Hyo-Seok Chae, Young-Joon Kim
Upon mating, fruit fly females become refractory to further mating for several days. An ejaculate protein called sex peptide (SP) acts on uterine neurons to trigger this behavioural change, but it is still unclear how the SP signal modifies the mating decision. Here we describe two groups of female-specific local interneurons that are important for this process-the ventral abdominal lateral (vAL) and ventral abdominal medial (vAM) interneurons. Both vAL and vAM express myoinhibitory peptide (Mip)-GAL4. vAL is positive for Mip neuropeptides and the sex-determining transcriptional factor doublesex...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157904/anti-fatigue-activity-of-an-arabinan-rich-pectin-from-acerola-malpighia-emarginata
#6
Rafael Roberto Klosterhoff, Luiz K S Kanazawa, Ana L D M Furlanetto, Joao V C Peixoto, Claudia R Corso, Eliana R Adami, Marcello Iacomini, Rosalvo T H Fogaça, Alexandra Acco, Silvia M S C Cadena, Roberto Andreatini, Lucimara M C Cordeiro
A fraction composed of an arabinan-rich pectin was extracted from acerola fruit (Malpighia emarginata) and named ACWS. This fraction presented 93% of total carbohydrate, relative molecular weight of 7.5×10(4)g/mol, galacturonic acid, arabinose, galactose, xylose and rhamnose in 52.1:32.4:7.2:4.8:3.5 molar ratio and had its structure confirmed by NMR analysis. The anti-fatigue activity of ACWS was evaluated using the weight load swim test on trained mice. ACWS was orally administered at doses of 50mg/kg, 100mg/kg and 200mg/kg for 28 days...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156372/psychometric-properties-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-ies-2-in-a-culturally-diverse-hispanic-american-sample
#7
Jessica F Saunders, Kristin A Nichols-Lopez, Leslie D Frazier
BACKGROUND: Intuitive eating is an adaptive eating tendency consistently associated with positive physical and mental health outcomes, including lower risk for obesity and eating disorders (EDs). Obesity rates are disproportionately high in Hispanic American populations, yet the properties of intuitive eating remain to be examined in such samples. METHOD: The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) in a Hispanic American sample of adult college students (N=482), and related IES-2 scores to levels of disordered eating, body mass index (BMI), fruit and vegetable consumption, and body shape satisfaction...
November 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153717/biomass-derived-porous-carbon-modified-glass-fiber-separator-as-polysulfide-reservoir-for-li-s-batteries
#8
Ramakrishnan Kalai Selvan, Pei Zhu, Chaoi Yan, Jiadeng Zhu, Mahmut Dirican, A Shanmugavani, Yun Sung Lee, Xiangwu Zhang
Biomass-derived porous carbon has been considered as a promising sulfur host material for lithium-sulfur batteries because of its high conductive nature and large porosity. The present study explored biomass-derived porous carbon as polysulfide reservoir to modify the surface of glass fiber (GF) separator. Two different carbons were prepared from Oak Tree fruit shells by carbonization with and without KOH activation. The KOH activated porous carbon (AC) provides a much higher surface area (796 m(2) g(-1)) than pyrolized carbon (PC) (334 m(2) g(-1))...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150728/the-plant-pathogen-gluconobacter-cerinus-strain-cdf1-is-beneficial-to-the-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis
#9
Muyang He, Jianjun Jiang, Daifeng Cheng
Plant pathogens can build relationships with insect hosts to complete their life cycles, and they often modify the behavior and development of hosts to improve their own fitness. In order to unravel whether some bacteria that can make fruit rot could have developed symbiotic interactions with Bactrocera dorsalis, we studied the symbiont bacteria profiles of the fly. We identified the bacterium Gluconobacter cerinus strain CDF1 from the ovaries and eggs of the oriental fruit fly B. dorsalis and the amount of Gluconobacter cerinus strain CDF1 increased significantly as the ovaries developed and in fruits on which non-sterile eggs were laid...
November 17, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149822/olive-leaf-extracts-act-as-modulators-of-the-human-immune-response
#10
Thea Magrone, Anna Spagnoletta, Rosaria Salvatore, Manrico Magrone, Francesco Dentamaro, Matteo Antonio Russo, Graziana Difonzo, Carmine Summo, Francesco Caponio, Emilio Jirillo
BACKGROUND: Olive tree leaves have been used in the Mediterranean area as traditional medicine in virtue of their healthy effects. Olive leaf extracts (OLEs) contain higher amounts of polyphenols than those detected in the extra virgin olive oil and fruit. Several lines of evidence support the cardioprotective, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities exerted by OLEs. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from twenty-five healthy donors were cultured in the presence of 3 μg of two OLE extracts, extract A (resuspended in water) and extract B (resuspended in 70% ethanol)...
November 15, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145391/household-food-production-is-positively-associated-with-dietary-diversity-and-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-for-older-preschool-children-in-poorer-families-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-nepal
#11
Prajula Mulmi, William A Masters, Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Keith P West, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-sensitive interventions supporting enhanced household food production have potential to improve child dietary quality. However, heterogeneity in market access may cause systematic differences in program effectiveness depending on household wealth and child age. Identifying these effect modifiers can help development agencies specify and target their interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates mediating effects of household wealth and child age on links between farm production and child diets, as measured by production and intake of nutrient-dense food groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140821/retarding-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-use-of-modalities-that-counter-acid-retention
#12
Jeffrey A Kraut, Nicolaos E Madias
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acid retention because of chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases tissue acidity and accelerates progression of CKD, whereas reduction in acid retention slows progression of CKD. Herein, we describe the mechanisms through which increased tissue acidity worsens CKD, modalities for countering acid retention and their impact on progression of CKD, and current recommendations for therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies in animals and humans show that increased tissue acidity raises the renal levels of endothelin, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and ammoniagenesis, thereby worsening renal fibrosis and causing progression of CKD...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#13
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138882/further-improvements-in-pesticide-residue-analysis-in-food-by-applying-gas-chromatography-triple-quadrupole-mass-spectrometry-gc-qqq-ms-ms-technologies
#14
Elena Hakme, Ana Lozano, Samanta Uclés, Amadeo R Fernández-Alba
Nowadays, the control of pesticide residues in food is well established. The capacity of triple quadrupole technology to satisfy the current food regulations has been demonstrated. However, the permanent high demand of consumers for more sensitive and faster testing is driving the development of improved analytical methodologies that increase the performances of sensitivity and robustness and reduce the analysis time. In this work, the feasibility of decreasing the run time to 12.4 min by modifying the oven temperature program, for a multiresidue method covering 203 pesticides, was evaluated...
November 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138190/prevalence-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-among-poor-shantytown-residents-in-dhaka-bangladesh-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Md Khalequzzaman, Chifa Chiang, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Mohammad Abdullah Al-Mamun, Abubakr Ahmed Abdullah Al-Shoaibi, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Bilqis Amin Hoque, Syed Shariful Islam, Akiko Matsuyama, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors among the urban poor in Bangladesh. DESIGN: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional epidemiological study. SETTING: The study was conducted in a shantytown in the city of Dhaka. There were 8604 households with 34 170 residents in the community. Those households were categorised into two wealth strata based on the housing structure...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133872/the-core-promoter-factor-trf2-mediates-a-fruitless-action-to-masculinize-neurobehavioral-traits-in-drosophila
#16
Zahid Sadek Chowdhury, Kosei Sato, Daisuke Yamamoto
In fruit flies, the male-specific fruitless (fru) gene product FruBM plays a central role in establishing the neural circuitry for male courtship behavior by orchestrating the transcription of genes required for the male-type specification of individual neurons. We herein identify the core promoter recognition factor gene Trf2 as a dominant modifier of fru actions. Trf2 knockdown in the sexually dimorphic mAL neurons leads to the loss of a male-specific neurite and a reduction in male courtship vigor. TRF2 forms a repressor complex with FruBM, strongly enhancing the repressor activity of FruBM at the promoter region of the robo1 gene, whose function is required for inhibiting the male-specific neurite formation...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130719/-prevalence-of-modifiable-behavioral-risk-factors-associated-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-latin-american-college-students-a-systematic-review
#17
Luis Gabriel Rangel Caballero, Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Alba Liliana Murillo López
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity, smoking, harmful use of alcohol and an unhealthy diet are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the four main behavioral risk factors that increase the risk of suffering non-communicable diseases. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of the behavioral risk factors in college students according to the scientific database analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was carried out with 585 articles analyzed through electronic search in academic databases...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130144/preparation-of-biosorbents-from-the-jatoba-hymenaea-courbaril-fruit-shell-for-removal-of-pb-ii-and-cd-ii-from-aqueous-solution
#18
Isis P A F Souza, André L Cazetta, Osvaldo Pezoti, Vitor C Almeida
In this study, the biosorption properties of Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril) fruit shell for removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions, and its potential as a low-cost biosorbent for water treatment, were investigated. The Jatoba fruit shell (JBin) was subjected to different treatments with heated water (JBH2O) and sodium hydroxide (JBNaOH) to modify its surfaces and improve its adsorption properties. The chemical modification of the surfaces of the resulting materials was confirmed by analyzing the compositions and structural features of the raw material and the chemically treated materials using SEM, FTIR, (13)C NMR, and pHpzc...
November 12, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120804/comparison-of-consecutive-harvests-versus-blending-treatments-to-produce-lower-alcohol-wines-from-cabernet-sauvignon-grapes-impact-on-polysaccharide-and-tannin-content-and-composition
#19
Olaf J Schelezki, Paul A Smith, Ana Hranilovic, Keren A Bindon, David W Jeffery
A changing climate has led to winegrapes being harvested with increased sugar levels and at greater risk of berry shrivel. A suggested easy-to-adopt strategy to manage the associated rising wine alcohol levels is the pre-fermentative substitution of juice with either "green harvest wine" or water. Our study investigates the effects of this approach on Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wine quality attributes. Wines were also made from fruit collected at consecutive earlier harvest time points to produce wines comparable in alcohol to the substituted wines...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118994/interval-mapping-for-red-green-skin-color-in-asian-pears-using-a-modified-qtl-seq-method
#20
Huabai Xue, Ting Shi, Fangfang Wang, Huangkai Zhou, Jian Yang, Long Wang, Suke Wang, Yanli Su, Zhen Zhang, Yushan Qiao, Xiugen Li
Pears with red skin are attractive to consumers and provide additional health benefits. Identification of the gene(s) responsible for skin coloration can benefit cultivar selection and breeding. The use of QTL-seq, a bulked segregant analysis method, can be problematic when heterozygous parents are involved. The present study modified the QTL-seq method by introducing a |Δ(SNP-index)| parameter to improve the accuracy of mapping the red skin trait in a group of highly heterozygous Asian pears. The analyses were based on mixed DNA pools composed of 28 red-skinned and 27 green-skinned pear lines derived from a cross between the 'Mantianhong' and 'Hongxiangsu' red-skinned cultivars...
2017: Horticulture Research
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