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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646365/post-diagnosis-serum-insulin-like-growth-factors-in-relation-to-dietary-and-lifestyle-changes-in-the-prostate-testing-for-cancer-and-treatment-protect-trial
#1
Vanessa Er, Kalina Biernacka, Andrew J Simpkin, Richard M Martin, Mona Jeffreys, Pauline Emmett, Rebecca Gilbert, Kerry N L Avery, Eleanor Walsh, Michael Davis, Jenny L Donovan, David E Neal, Freddie C Hamdy, Jeff M P Holly, J Athene Lane
PURPOSE: The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is modifiable by diet and lifestyle, and has been linked to prostate cancer development and progression. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 621 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer to investigate the associations of dietary and lifestyle changes with post-diagnosis circulating levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3. We used analysis of covariance to estimate the associations, controlling for baseline IGF-I or IGFBP-3, respectively...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638812/how-canola-and-sunflower-oils-affect-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-parameters-of-participants-with-dyslipidemia
#2
Sedigheh Saedi, Mona Noroozi, Naghmeh Khosrotabar, Shadi Mazandarani, Behshid Ghadrdoost
Background: Restricted intakes of saturated and trans-fatty acids and replacement with poly or monounsaturated fatty acids are emphasized in healthy diets. This study evaluates the effects of a six-month consumption of canola oil compared to sunflower oil on lipid profile and anthropometric parameters of people affected by dyslipidemia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 patients with dyslipidemia, who were randomly assigned into canola oil or the sunflower oil groups. The participants were instructed to record the contents of their daily meals, beverages, fruits, and snacks a day before treatment, at the second clinic visit, in the third month, and at the end of study (i...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637427/aging-and-obesity-are-associated-with-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-a-cohort-of-males-in-the-central-province-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#3
N W I A Jayawardana, W A T A Jayalath, W M T Madhujith, U Ralapanawa, R S Jayasekera, S A S B Alagiyawanna, A M K R Bandara, N S Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors associated with it in a cohort of males from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2462 males (mean age 31 years, range: 16-72 years) who underwent a routine medical examination at the National Transport Medical Institute, Kandy, Sri Lanka...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618382/electrochemical-determination-of-morin-in-kiwi-and-strawberry-fruit-samples-using-vanadium-pentoxide-nano-flakes
#4
Ragu Sasikumar, Mani Govindasamy, Shen-Ming Chen, Yu Chieh-Liu, Palraj Ranganathan, Syang-Peng Rwei
Herein, we report the synthesis of Vanadium Pentoxide Nanoflakes (V2O5 NF) using ionic liquid and employed the V2O5 NF in electrochemical determination of Morin (MR) in fruit samples. The V2O5 NF were characterized by Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray analyzer (EDX), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Remarkably, the as-synthesized V2O5 NF exhibited excellent electrochemical behavior and electrochemical ability towards MR...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618373/structural-changes-in-cell-wall-pectins-during-strawberry-fruit-development
#5
Candelas Paniagua, Nieves Santiago-Doménech, Andrew R Kirby, A Patrick Gunning, Victor J Morris, Miguel A Quesada, Antonio J Matas, José A Mercado
Strawberry (Fragaria × anannasa Duch.) is one of the most important soft fruit. Rapid loss of firmness occurs during the ripening process, resulting in a short shelf life and high economic losses. To get insight into the role of pectin matrix in the softening process, cell walls from strawberry fruit at two developmental stages, unripe-green and ripe-red, were extracted and sequentially fractionated with different solvents to obtain fractions enriched in a specific component. The yield of cell wall material as well as the per fresh weight contents of the different fractions decreased in ripe fruit...
June 2, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617532/the-effect-of-a-natural-standardized-bilberry-extract-mirtoselect%C3%A2-in-dry-eye-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
A Riva, S Togni, F Franceschi, S Kawada, Y Inaba, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Dry eye, a chronic disease of lachrymal fluid and corneo-conjunctival epithelium, could significantly impact visual function, affects quality of life and work productivity. Beside several conventional treatments, nutritional supplements based on bilberry extract have been identified as effective contributors to eye health. Here, we aim at investigating the bioavailability of a standardized bilberry extract, its ability to alleviate dry eye symptoms and its antioxidant potential...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616198/seed-dispersal-of-diospyros-virginiana-in-the-past-and-the-present-evidence-for-a-generalist-evolutionary-strategy
#7
Mimi Rebein, Charli N Davis, Helena Abad, Taylor Stone, Jillian Del Sol, Natalie Skinner, Matthew D Moran
Several North American trees are hypothesized to have lost their co-evolved seed disperser during the late-Pleistocene extinction and are therefore considered anachronistic. We tested this hypothesis for the American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) by studying the effects of gut passage of proposed seed dispersers on seedling survival and growth, natural fruiting characteristics, and modern animal consumption patterns. We tested gut passage effects on persimmon seeds using three native living species, the raccoon (Procyon lotor), Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), and coyote (Canis latrans), and two Pleistocene analogs; the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and alpaca (Vicugna pacos)...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611316/effects-of-resveratrol-curcumin-berberine-and-other-nutraceuticals-on-aging-cancer-development-cancer-stem-cells-and-micrornas
#8
James A McCubrey, Kvin Lertpiriyapong, Linda S Steelman, Steve L Abrams, Li V Yang, Ramiro M Murata, Pedro L Rosalen, Aurora Scalisi, Luca M Neri, Lucio Cocco, Stefano Ratti, Alberto M Martelli, Piotr Laidler, Joanna Dulińska-Litewka, Dariusz Rakus, Agnieszka Gizak, Paolo Lombardi, Ferdinando Nicoletti, Saverio Candido, Massimo Libra, Giuseppe Montalto, Melchiorre Cervello
Natural products or nutraceuticals have been shown to elicit anti-aging, anti-cancer and other health-enhancing effects. A key target of the effects of natural products may be the regulation of microRNA (miR) expression which results in cell death or prevents aging, diabetes, cardiovascular and other diseases. This review will focus on a few natural products, especially on resveratrol (RES), curcumin (CUR) and berberine (BBR). RES is obtained from the skins of grapes and other fruits and berries. RES may extend human lifespan by activating the sirtuins and SIRT1 molecules...
June 12, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609429/reciprocal-evolution-of-opiate-science-from-medical-and-cultural-perspectives
#9
George B Stefano, Nastazja Pilonis, Radek Ptacek, Richard M Kream
Over the course of human history, it has been common to use plants for medicinal purposes, such as for providing relief from particular maladies and self-medication. Opium represents one longstanding remedy that has been used to address a range of medical conditions, alleviating discomfort often in ways that have proven pleasurable. Opium is a combination of compounds obtained from the mature fruit of opium poppy, papaver somniferum. Morphine and its biosynthetic precursors thebaine and codeine constitute the main bioactive opiate alkaloids contained in opium...
June 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608735/hearing-preservation-does-electrode-choice-matter
#10
Leila J Mady, Daniel C Sukato, Jenifer Fruit, Catherine Palmer, Yael Raz, Barry E Hirsch, Andrew A McCall
Objective Evaluate if electrode design affects hearing preservation (HP) following cochlear implantation (CI) with full-length electrodes. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary referral academic center. Subjects and Methods Forty-five adults with low-frequency hearing (≤85 dB at 250 and 500 Hz) who underwent unilateral CI with full-length electrode arrays made by 1 manufacturer were included. HP was calculated with (1) mean low-frequency pure-tone average (LFPTA) at 250 and 500 Hz (MEAN method), (2) a percentile method across the audiometric frequency spectrum generating an S-value (HEARRING method), and (3) functional if hearing remained ≤85 dB at 250 and 500 Hz...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605547/biological-traits-of-cadra-cautella-lepidoptera-pyralidae-reared-on-khodari-date-fruits-under-different-temperature-regimes
#11
Mureed Husain, Waleed S Alwaneen, Khalid Mehmood, Khawaja Ghulam Rasool, Muhammad Tufail, Abdulrahman Saad Aldawood
The almond moth, Cadra cautella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), is a serious worldwide pest of dates and other crops, both in the field and in storage. Infestation by this pest significantly limits the sale and export of dates. Modified atmospheres, the temperature manipulations, are the best eco-friendly alternatives in stored product protection. We examined temperature regulation as an ecologically friendly method of pest management in stored food commodities, in particular, its effects on characteristics of C...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603896/dietary-pattern-associated-with-frailty-results-from-nutrition-and-health-survey-in-taiwan
#12
Yen-Li Lo, Yao-Te Hsieh, Li-Lin Hsu, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether dietary patterns are associated with frailty phenotypes in an elderly Taiwanese population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), 2014-2016. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Taiwanese nationals aged 65 years and older enrolled in the NAHSIT (N = 923). MEASUREMENTS: Dietary intake was assessed using a 79-item food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592995/the-quest-for-epigenetic-regulation-underlying-unisexual-flower-development-in-cucumis-melo
#13
David Latrasse, Natalia Y Rodriguez-Granados, Alaguraj Veluchamy, Kiruthiga Gayathri Mariappan, Claudia Bevilacqua, Nicolas Crapart, Celine Camps, Vivien Sommard, Cécile Raynaud, Catherine Dogimont, Adnane Boualem, Moussa Benhamed, Abdelhafid Bendahmane
BACKGROUND: Melon (Cucumis melo) is an important vegetable crop from the Cucurbitaceae family and a reference model specie for sex determination, fruit ripening and vascular fluxes studies. Nevertheless, the nature and role of its epigenome in gene expression regulation and more specifically in sex determination remains largely unknown. RESULTS: We have investigated genome wide H3K27me3 and H3K9ac histone modifications and gene expression dynamics, in five melon organs...
2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592610/adult-height-dietary-patterns-and-healthy-aging
#14
Wenjie Ma, Kaitlin A Hagan, Yoriko Heianza, Qi Sun, Eric B Rimm, Lu Qi
Background: Adult height has shown directionally diverse associations with several age-related disorders, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, decline in cognitive function, and mortality.Objectives: We investigated the associations of adult height with healthy aging measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, memory, physical functioning, and mental health, among populations who have survived to older age, and whether lifestyle factors modified such relations...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589271/surveillance-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables-from-accra-metropolis-markets-ghana-2010-2012-a-case-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Paul Osei Fosu, Augustine Donkor, Cephas Ziwu, Brajesh Dubey, Robert Kingsford-Adaboh, Isaac Asante, Stephen Nyarko, Rose Tawiah, Noble Nazzah
Monitoring of pesticide residues in food commodities of plant origin is part of the regular controls on food to safeguard consumer's health. This study reports for the first time in Ghana a 3-year (2010-2012) monitoring of pesticide contamination of fruits and vegetables and their health implications. A total of 3483 samples were purchased in notable markets within Accra Metropolis and analysed for pesticide residues, employing the modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe analytical procedure...
June 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580409/data-from-proteome-analysis-of-lasiodiplodia-theobromae-botryosphaeriaceae
#16
Carla C Uranga, Majid Ghassemian, Rufina Hernández-Martínez
Trunk disease fungi are a global problem affecting many economically important fruiting trees. The Botryosphaeriaceae are a family of trunk disease fungi that require detailed biochemical characterization in order to gain insight into their pathogenicity. The application of a modified Folch extraction to protein extraction from the Botryosphaeriaceae Lasiodiplodia theobromae generated an unprecedented data set of protein identifications from fragmentation analysis and de novo peptide sequencing of its proteome...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578060/the-impact-of-fruit-and-soybean-by-products-and-amaranth-on-the-growth-of-probiotic-and-starter-microorganisms
#17
Antonio Diogo Silva Vieira, Raquel Bedani, M A C Albuquerque, Vanessa Biscola, Susana Marta Isay Saad
The ability of different fruit by-products, okara, and amaranth flour, to support the growth of probiotic and non-probiotic strains was evaluated. The tests were conducted with three commercial starter cultures (Streptococcus thermophilus), ten probiotic strains (seven Lactobacillus spp. and three Bifidobacterium spp. strains), and two harmful bacteria representative of the intestinal microbiota (Escherichia coli and Clostridium perfringens). In vitro fermentability assays were performed using a modified MRS broth supplemented with different fruits (acerola, orange, passion fruit, and mango), and soy (okara) by-products or amaranth flour...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574445/cu-nanoparticles-in-hydrogels-of-chitosan-pva-affects-the-characteristics-of-post-harvest-and-bioactive-compounds-of-jalape%C3%A3-o-pepper
#18
Zeus H Pinedo-Guerrero, Alma Delia Hernández-Fuentes, Hortensia Ortega-Ortiz, Adalberto Benavides-Mendoza, Gregorio Cadenas-Pliego, And Antonio Juárez-Maldonado
Peppers are consumed all over the world due to the flavor, aroma, and color that they add to food. Additionally, they play a role in human health, as they contain a high concentration of bioactive compounds and antioxidants. The treatments used were an absolute control, Cs-PVA, and four treatments with 0.02, 0.2, 2, and 10 mg (nCu) g(-1) (Cs-PVA). The application of Cu nanoparticles in chitosan-PVA hydrogels increases the content of capsaicin by up to 51% compared to the control. This application also increases the content of antioxidants ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazolin-6-sulfonic acid)] and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), total phenols and flavonoids (4%, 6...
June 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554328/the-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-of-cholesterol-gallstones
#19
Agostino Di Ciaula, Gabriella Garruti, Gema Frühbeck, Maria De Angelis, Ornella De Bari, David Q-H Wang, Frank Lammert, Piero Portincasa
Cholesterol gallstone disease is a major health problem in Westernized countries and depends on a complex interplay between genetic factors, lifestyle and diet, acting on specific pathogenic mechanisms. Overweigh, obesity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and altered cholesterol homeostasis have been linked to increased gallstone occurrence, and several studies point to a number of specific nutrients as risk- or protective factors with respect to gallstone formation in humans, motivating a rising interest in the identification of common and modifiable dietetic factors that put the patients at risk of gallstones or that are able to prevent gallstone formation and growth...
May 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552307/magnetic-mos2-on-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-for-sulfide-sensing
#20
Chunxiang Li, Dan Zhang, Jiankang Wang, Pingan Hu, Zhaohua Jiang
A novel hybrid metallic cobalt insided in multiwalled carbon nanotubles/molybdenum disulfide (Co@CNT/MoS2) modified glass carbon electrode (GCE) was fabricated with a adhesive of Nafion suspension and used as chemical sensors for sulfide detection. Single-layered MoS2 was coated on CNTs through magnetic traction force between paramagnetic monolayer MoS2 and Co particles in CNTs. Co particles faciliated the collection of paramagnetic monolayer MoS2 exfoliated from bulk MoS2 in solution. Amperometric analysis, cycle voltammetry, cathodic stripping analysis and linear sweep voltammetry results showed the Co@CNT/MoS2 modified GCE exhibited excellent electrochemical activity to sulfide in buffer solutions, but amperometric analysis was found to be more sensitive than the other methods...
July 4, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
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