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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534922/fiber-purified-extracts-of-carob-fruit-decrease-carbohydrate-absorption
#1
A Macho-González, A Garcimartín, M E López-Oliva, G Bertocco, F Naes, S Bastida, F J Sánchez-Muniz, J Benedí
The postprandial state plays a central role in the development and setting of chronic diseases. Condensed tannins (CT) are polyphenols with a known ability to modify carbohydrate digestion and absorption. The high concentration of CT in the pulp of carob fruit suggests a potential antidiabetic effect. The aim of this work was to analyze the in vitro and in vivo effects of carob fruit extract (CFE) on the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. α-Glucosidase activity and glucose diffusion were tested in vitro using 0...
May 23, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531244/awareness-prevalence-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-western-nepal
#2
Dinesh Neupane, Archana Shrestha, Shiva Raj Mishra, Joakim Bloch, Bo Christensen, Craig S McLachlan, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant contributor to cardiovascular and renal diseases. In low-income settings like Nepal, there are few epidemiological studies assessing hypertension burden. Thus, the purpose was to determine prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in semi-urban area of western Nepal among randomly selected participants, aged between 25 and 65 years. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg and/or taking current antihypertensive medicine defined as hypertension...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526983/low-source-sink-ratio-reduces-reserve-starch-in-grapevine-woody-canes-and-modulates-sugar-transport-and-metabolism-at-transcriptional-and-enzyme-activity-levels
#3
Angélica Silva, Henrique Noronha, Zhanwu Dai, Serge Delrot, Hernâni Gerós
Severe leaf removal decreases storage starch and sucrose in grapevine cv. Cabernet Sauvignon fruiting cuttings and modulates the activity of key enzymes and the expression of sugar transporter genes. Leaf removal is an agricultural practice that has been shown to modify vineyard efficiency and grape and wine composition. In this study, we took advantage of the ability to precisely control the number of leaves to fruits in Cabernet Sauvignon fruiting cuttings to study the effect of source-sink ratios (2 (2L), 6 (6L) and 12 (12) leaves per cluster) on starch metabolism and accumulation...
May 19, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525277/hydrolyzable-tannins-flavonol-glycosides-and-phenolic-acids-show-seasonal-and-ontogenic-variation-in-geranium-sylvaticum
#4
Anu Tuominen, Juha-Pekka Salminen
The seasonal variation of polyphenols in the aboveground organs and roots of Geranium sylvaticum in four populations was studied using UPLC-DAD-ESI-QqQ-MS/MS. The content of the main compound, geraniin, was the highest (16% of dry weight) in the basal leaves after the flowering period but stayed rather constant throughout the growing season. The compound-specific mass spectrometric methods revealed the different seasonal patterns in minor polyphenols. The maximum content of galloyl glucoses and flavonol glycosides were detected in the small leaves in May...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523393/flavored-anesthetic-masks-for-inhalational-induction-in-children
#5
Aakriti Gupta, Preethy Joseph Mathew, Neerja Bhardwaj
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of masking the odor of inhalational agents using fruit flavors on the anxiety behavior and compliance of children for inhalational induction. METHODS: A prospective randomized double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted on 60 unpremedicated children in the age group of 4-12 y. Thirty children received anesthetic masks smeared with a flavor of child's choice while the other 30 children were induced using masks without flavor...
May 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521507/biosorption-of-chromium-vi-in-aqueous-solutions-by-chemically-modified-strychnine-tree-fruit-shell
#6
E Nakkeeran, N Selvaraju
Chromium(VI) removal from aqueous solution was performed using sulphuric and phosphoric acid activated Strychnine tree fruit shell (SSTFS and PSTFS) as biosorbents. Effect of various parameters such as adsorbent dose (0.02 - 0.1g/L), temperature (303 - 333K), agitation speed, solution pH (2-9), contact time & initial Cr (VI) concentration (50-250 mg/L) were studied for a batch adsorption system. The optimum pH range for Cr(VI) adsorption was determined as 2. Equilibrium adsorption data were analyzed with isotherm models and the Langmuir and Freundlich model got best fitted for SSTFS (R(2) value-0...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515731/ectopic-expression-of-cdf3-genes-in-tomato-enhances-biomass-production-and-yield-under-salinity-stress-conditions
#7
Begoña Renau-Morata, Rosa V Molina, Laura Carrillo, Jaime Cebolla-Cornejo, Manuel Sánchez-Perales, Stephan Pollmann, José Domínguez-Figueroa, Alba R Corrales, Jaume Flexas, Jesús Vicente-Carbajosa, Joaquín Medina, Sergio G Nebauer
Cycling Dof Factor (CDF) transcription factors (TFs) are involved in multiple processes related to plant growth and development. A member of this family, CDF3, has recently been linked in Arabidopsis to the regulation of primary metabolism and abiotic stress responses, but its role in crop production under stress is still unknown. In this study, we characterized tomato plants overexpressing the CDF3 genes from Arabidopsis and tomato and analyzed their effects on growth and yield under salinity, additionally gaining deeper insights into the molecular function of these TFs...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512461/transcriptional-responses-to-pre-flowering-leaf-defoliation-in-grapevine-berry-from-different-growing-sites-years-and-genotypes
#8
Sara Zenoni, Silvia Dal Santo, Giovanni B Tornielli, Erica D'Incà, Ilaria Filippetti, Chiara Pastore, Gianluca Allegro, Oriana Silvestroni, Vania Lanari, Antonino Pisciotta, Rosario Di Lorenzo, Alberto Palliotti, Sergio Tombesi, Matteo Gatti, Stefano Poni
Leaf removal is a grapevine canopy management technique widely used to modify the source-sink balance and/or microclimate around berry clusters to optimize fruit composition. In general, the removal of basal leaves before flowering reduces fruit set, hence achieving looser clusters, and improves grape composition since yield is generally curtailed more than proportionally to leaf area itself. Albeit responses to this practice seem quite consistent, overall vine performance is affected by genotype, environmental conditions, and severity of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508151/tunable-and-nontoxic-fluorescent-probes-based-on-carbon-dots-for-imaging-of-indole-propionic-acid-receptor-in-plant-tissues-in-situ
#9
Bixia Lin, Ying Yu, Fangfei Liu, Yujuan Cao, Manli Guo
Indole propionic acid (IPA) is one of the important plant growth hormones for promoting rooting and fruiting. Labeling IPA receptor in plant tissues is able to further track the signal transduction processes of IPA and uncover the function mechanism of IPA on crop productions. In this paper, a tunable and nontoxic fluorescent probe for IPA receptors was designed and synthetized base on carbon dots (C dots). Firstly carboxyl-modified carbon dots were prepared by high temperature cracking of citric acid. The fluorescence emission wavelengths of C dots varied with the excitation wavelengths change...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498991/population-differentiation-in-common-walnut-juglans-regia-l-across-major-parts-of-its-native-range-insights-from-molecular-and-morphometric-data
#10
Wladimir Roor, Heino Konrad, Davletbek Mamadjanov, Thomas Geburek
Juglans regia is an economically highly important species for fruit and wood production in the warm temperate and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Besides the natural influence of climatic and geomorphological barriers, its genetic structure has been strongly modified by humans and the population history is still unclear. For this reason, we investigated mainly natural walnut populations across the Eurasian continent on a molecular (44 populations, 581 trees) and morphometric level (23 populations, 1391 ripe nuts)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498348/nutrients-turned-into-toxins-microbiota-modulation-of-nutrient-properties-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
REVIEW
Raul Fernandez-Prado, Raquel Esteras, Maria Vanessa Perez-Gomez, Carolina Gracia-Iguacel, Emilio Gonzalez-Parra, Ana B Sanz, Alberto Ortiz, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), accumulation of uremic toxins is associated with an increased risk of death. Some uremic toxins are ingested with the diet, such as phosphate and star fruit-derived caramboxin. Others result from nutrient processing by gut microbiota, yielding precursors of uremic toxins or uremic toxins themselves. These nutrients include l-carnitine, choline/phosphatidylcholine, tryptophan and tyrosine, which are also sold over-the-counter as nutritional supplements. Physicians and patients alike should be aware that, in CKD patients, the use of these supplements may lead to potentially toxic effects...
May 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496451/genome-wide-identification-of-histone-modifiers-and-their-expression-patterns-during-fruit-abscission-in-litchi
#12
Manjun Peng, Peiyuan Ying, Xuncheng Liu, Caiqin Li, Rui Xia, Jianguo Li, Minglei Zhao
Modifications to histones, including acetylation and methylation processes, play crucial roles in the regulation of gene expression in plant development as well as in stress responses. However, limited information on the enzymes catalyzing histone acetylation and methylation in non-model plants is currently available. In this study, several histone modifier (HM) types, including six histone acetyltransferases (HATs), 11 histone deacetylases (HDACs), 48 histone methyltransferases (HMTs), and 22 histone demethylases (HDMs), are identified in litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493954/a-model-for-predicting-xanthomonas-arboricola-pv-pruni-growth-as-a-function-of-temperature
#13
Gerard Morales, Isidre Llorente, Emilio Montesinos, Concepció Moragrega
A two-step modeling approach was used for predicting the effect of temperature on the growth of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni, causal agent of bacterial spot disease of stone fruit. The in vitro growth of seven strains was monitored at temperatures from 5 to 35°C with a Bioscreen C system, and a calibrating equation was generated for converting optical densities to viable counts. In primary modeling, Baranyi, Buchanan, and modified Gompertz equations were fitted to viable count growth curves over the entire temperature range...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493432/phenol-metabolism-and-preservation-of-fresh-in-hull-walnut-stored-in-modified-atmosphere-packaging
#14
Jin Wang, Pan Li, Bi Gong, Huiling Ma
BACKGROUND: The effects of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on phenol metabolism and preservation of fresh in-hull walnuts have been investigated. Fruits were packaged under MAP1 (film thickness, 30 µm ), MAP2 (45 µm), and MAP3 (50 µm) stored at -0.5 to 1.0 °C for up to 60 days. RESULTS: Firmness, soluble solid concentration (SSC), total phenols, total flavonoids, and total antioxidant activity of the green hull were maintained at higher levels under the MAP conditions, while decay incidence was lower than in control during storage...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490085/cellulose-nanomaterials-emulsion-coatings-for-controlling-physiological-activity-modifying-surface-morphology-and-enhancing-storability-of-postharvest-bananas-musa-acuminate
#15
Zilong Deng, Jooyeoun Jung, John Simonsen, Yanyun Zhao
Cellulose nanomaterials (CNs)-incorporated emulsion coatings with improved moisture barrier, wettability and surface adhesion onto fruit surfaces were developed for controlling postharvest physiological activity and enhancing storability of bananas during ambient storage. Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)-based emulsion coating (CNFC: 0.3% CNF/1% oleic acid/1% sucrose ester fatty acid (w/w wet base)) had low contact angle, high spread coefficient onto banana surfaces, and lower surface tension (ST, 25.4mN/m) than the critical ST (35...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486204/blue-light-emitting-y2o3-tm-3-nanophosphors-with-tunable-morphology-obtained-by-bio-surfactant-assisted-sonochemical-route
#16
K N Venkatachalaiah, H Nagabhushana, G P Darshan, R B Basavaraj, B Daruka Prasad, S C Sharma
Modified sonochemical route was used to prepare Y2O3:Tm(3+) (1-11mol%) nanophosphor using Mimosa pudica (M.P.) leaves extract as bio-surfactant. The prepared samples were exhibited high crystalline nature with various morphologies. This was due to sonochemical experimental reaction took place between cavitation bubbles and nearby solution. The average crystallite sizes of the prepared samples were about 15nm to 21nm as obtained from PXRD and TEM analysis. The ultraviolet visible absorption spectra showed prominent bands with an energy gap varied from 5...
April 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480817/plasticity-in-the-period-of-the-circadian-pacemaker-induced-by-phase-dispersion-of-its-constituent-cellular-clocks
#17
Domien G M Beersma, Kim A Gargar, Serge Daan
The mammalian circadian pacemaker is commonly thought to be a rigid oscillator that generates output under a variety of circumstances that differ only in phase, period, and/or amplitude. Yet the pacemaker is composed of many cells that each can respond to varying circumstances in different ways. Computer simulations demonstrate that networks of such pacemaker cells behave differently under a light-dark cycle compared with constant darkness. The differences demonstrate that the circadian pacemaker is plastic: The pacemaker shapes its properties in response to the circumstances...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479863/mapping-quantitative-trait-loci-for-heat-tolerance-of-reproductive-traits-in-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum
#18
Jiemeng Xu, Nicky Driedonks, Marc J M Rutten, Wim H Vriezen, Gert-Jan de Boer, Ivo Rieu
Global warming has become a worldwide concern due to its adverse effects on agricultural output. In particular, long-term mildly high temperatures interfere with sexual reproduction and thus fruit and seed set. To uncover the genetic basis of observed variation in tolerance against heat, a bi-parental F2 mapping population from two contrasting cultivars, i.e. Nagcarlang and NCHS-1, was generated and phenotyped under continuous mild heat conditions for a number of traits underlying reproductive success, i.e...
2017: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473740/adult-mortality-of-diseases-and-injuries-attributable-to-selected-metabolic-lifestyle-environmental-and-infectious-risk-factors-in-taiwan-a-comparative-risk-assessment
#19
Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi-Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai, Hsien-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and environmental risk factors in Taiwan. METHODS: We obtained data on risk factor exposure from nationally representative health surveys, cause-specific mortality from the National Death Registry, and relative risks from epidemiological studies and meta-analyses...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468625/adult-mortality-of-diseases-and-injuries-attributable-to-selected-metabolic-lifestyle-environmental-and-infectious-risk-factors-in-taiwan-a-comparative-risk-assessment
#20
Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi-Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai, Hsien-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and environmental risk factors in Taiwan. METHODS: We obtained data on risk factor exposure from nationally representative health surveys, cause-specific mortality from the National Death Registry, and relative risks from epidemiological studies and meta-analyses...
May 3, 2017: Population Health Metrics
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