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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910770/addition-of-zeolites-to-improve-the-functional-characteristics-of-the-hen-of-the-wood-or-maitake-medicinal-mushroom-grifola-frondosa-agaricomycetes
#1
Jovana Vunduk, Anita Klaus, Maja Kozarski, Radovan Dordevic, Zoran Miladinovic, Ljubinko Jovanovic, Miomir Niksic, Leonardus Johannes Lambertus Donatus Van Griensven
Kaolinite and the modified natural zeolite minazel plus (M+) were used as supplements in substrate used for the production of the medicinal mushroom Grifola frondosa. Growth stimulation, expressed as yield and biological efficiency, was observed when M+ (1%) was added. The production cycle was shortened by half as a result of the zeolites' ion-exchange ability, stimulation of enzyme activity, and water retain capacity. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry of fruiting bodies showed the absence of heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, and lead), whereas the concentration of calcium increased greatly and the concentrations of iron, magnesium, and zinc increased moderately under the influence of M+...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908552/weight-following-birth-and-childhood-dietary-intake-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Maria João Fonseca, Catarina Durão, Carla Lopes, Ana Cristina Santos
OBJECTIVES: Unhealthy childhood dietary habits track through life and are independent and modifiable risk factors for disease. Therefore, it is essential to understand the factors involved. We aimed to evaluate the associations of birthweight (BW) and newborn weight change (NWC) during the first 96 h of life and childhood longitudinal weight trajectories with dietary intake at age 4. METHODS: As part of the Generation XXI birth cohort (G21), children were recruited in 2005 and 2006 at all public units providing obstetrical and neonatal care in Porto, Portugal...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899367/intake-of-key-micronutrients-and-food-groups-in-patients-with-late-stage-age-related-macular-degeneration-compared-with-age-sex-matched-controls
#3
Bamini Gopinath, Gerald Liew, Joanna Russell, Victoria Cosatto, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the risk factor profile of patients presenting with late-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD) could help identify the most frequent modifiable AMD precursors among people who are referred for treatment. We aimed to assess dietary behaviours by comparing adjusted mean intakes of micronutrients and major food groups (fruits, vegetables, fish) among patients with AMD and a sample of age-sex-matched controls. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 480 late AMD cases and 518 population-based age-sex-matched controls with no AMD signs...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894288/bactericidal-and-antioxidant-properties-of-essential-oils-from-the-fruits-dennettia-tripetala-g-baker
#4
Sunday O Okoh, Benson C Iweriegbor, Omobola O Okoh, Uchechukwu U Nwodo, Anthony I Okoh
BACKGROUND: The antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the essential oils (EOs) of unripe and ripe fruits of Dennettia tripetala and their potential for the management of infectious and oxidative-stress diseases were investigated in-vitro in this study. METHOD: Essential oil obtained from the fruit in Clevenger modified apparatus, was characterized by high resolution GC-MS, while antioxidant and antibacterial properties were tested by spectrophotometric and agar diffusion methods respectively...
November 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891751/simultaneous-determination-of-pyrifluquinazon-and-its-main-metabolite-in-fruits-and-vegetables-by-using-quechers-hplc-ms-ms
#5
Xiangwei You, Chengcheng Sui, Yiqiang Li, Xiuguo Wang
A rapid, reliable and sensitive method is reported for the simultaneous analysis of pyrifluquinazon and its main metabolite NNI-0101-1H in fruits (strawberry and cherry) and vegetables (cucumber and tomato) using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe procedure was used for the sample pre-preparation. The target analytes were extracted with acetonitrile and then cleaned up using dispersive solid phase extraction procedure with primary secondary amine...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889159/exposure-to-minimally-processed-pear-and-melon-during-shelf-life-could-modify-the-pathogenic-potential-of-listeria-monocytogenes
#6
Pilar Colás-Medà, Inmaculada Viñas, Márcia Oliveira, Marina Anguera, Jose C E Serrano, Maribel Abadias
Survival and virulence of foodborne pathogens can be influenced by environmental factors such as the intrinsic properties of food as well as the extrinsic properties that contribute to food shelf life (e.g., temperature and gas atmosphere). The direct contribution of food matrix characteristics on the survival of L. monocytogenes during fresh-cut fruit shelf life is not very well understood. In addition, the gastrointestinal tract is the primary route of listeriosis infection and penetration of the intestinal epithelial cell barrier is the first step in the infection process...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#7
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Moghadasian H Mohammed, Russel J Reiter, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882266/community-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-their-effects-on-confidence-and-eating-behaviour
#8
REVIEW
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Matthew McDonald, Elisa J Vargas-Garcia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Community-based interventions aiming to improve cooking skills are a popular strategy to promote healthy eating. We reviewed current evidence on the effectiveness of these interventions on different confidence aspects and fruit and vegetable intake. RECENT FINDINGS: Evaluation of cooking programmes consistently report increased confidence in cooking skills in adults across different age groups and settings. The effectiveness of these programmes on modifying eating behaviour is less consistent, but small increases in self-reported consumption of fruit and vegetables are also described...
2016: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869044/relationship-between-the-home-environment-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-6-12-years-a-systematic-review
#9
Jia Xin Ong, Shahid Ullah, Anthea Magarey, Jacqueline Miller, Eva Leslie
OBJECTIVE: As numerous factors in the home environment have been related to children's fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption as a component of a healthy diet, the purpose of the present systematic review was to examine these factors specifically for children aged 6-12 years. DESIGN: Relevant observational studies published in English between January 2007 and December 2015 were obtained through electronic database searches. Studies were included if the researchers reported on a potentially modifiable measure of the home physical, political and sociocultural environment related to child F&V consumption...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857176/glycation-potentiates-neurodegeneration-in-models-of-huntington-s-disease
#10
Hugo Vicente Miranda, Marcos António Gomes, Joana Branco-Santos, Carlo Breda, Diana F Lázaro, Luísa Vaqueiro Lopes, Federico Herrera, Flaviano Giorgini, Tiago Fleming Outeiro
Protein glycation is an age-dependent posttranslational modification associated with several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. By modifying amino-groups, glycation interferes with folding of proteins, increasing their aggregation potential. Here, we studied the effect of pharmacological and genetic manipulation of glycation on huntingtin (HTT), the causative protein in Huntington's disease (HD). We observed that glycation increased the aggregation of mutant HTT exon 1 fragments associated with HD (HTT72Q and HTT103Q) in yeast and mammalian cell models...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856998/tobacco-industry-use-of-flavourings-to-promote-smokeless-tobacco-products
#11
Ganna Kostygina, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: While fruit, candy and alcohol characterising flavours are not allowed in cigarettes in the USA, other flavoured tobacco products such as smokeless tobacco (ST) continue to be sold. We investigated tobacco manufacturers' use of flavoured additives in ST products, the target audience(s) for flavoured products, and marketing strategies promoting products by emphasising their flavour. METHODS: Qualitative analysis of internal tobacco industry documents triangulated with data from national newspaper articles, trade press and internet...
November 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842844/rheological-and-chemical-properties-of-pectin-enriched-fractions-from-different-sources-extracted-with-citric-acid
#12
Joanna Mierczyńska, Justyna Cybulska, Artur Zdunek
Yield, properties and functionality of pectins depend on the source material and method of extraction. The objective of this work was to compare pectinolytic enzyme activity in fresh pulp as well as the physicochemical and rheological properties of polysaccharides extracted with citric acid from six new potential sources: fruit materials - peach, blackcurrant, raspberry, strawberry, plum and a vegetable Source: carrot. The uronic acid content of polysaccharides extracted in citric acid depended on pectinolytic enzymes activity in fresh plant tissues and ranged between 16...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836339/effect-of-sprayer-settings-on-spray-drift-during-pesticide-application-in-poplar-plantations-populus-spp
#13
Marco Grella, Paolo Marucco, Marco Manzone, Montserrat Gallart, Paolo Balsari
This study assessed spray drift generated by sprayer settings commonly used for pesticide application in poplar plantations (Populus spp.). Tests were conducted per the ISO 22866 methodology using a mounted air-assisted sprayer (Tifone VRP600) equipped with a swivel-cannon air conveyor (model Cannone 50S). Trials evaluated sprayer settings, combinations of nozzle types, airflow rates, and air direction in both adult and young poplar plantations. Overall, spray drift amounts registered downwind of poplar plantations were less than those obtained to derive reference drift curves during the EU Plant Protection Product registration process that used late-growth-stage fruit crops...
November 8, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830580/effect-of-prenatal-antioxidant-intake-on-infants-respiratory-infection-is-modified-by-a-cd14-polymorphism
#14
Seo Ah Hong, Eun Lee, Sung Ok Kwon, Kyung Won Kim, Youn Ho Shin, Kang Mo Ahn, Eun-Jin Kim, Jeom-Gyu Lee, Se-Young Oh, Soo-Jong Hong
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal diet may influence disease susceptibility in offspring with specific genetic backgrounds. We hypothesized that interactions between prenatal antioxidant intake and polymorphisms in immunity genes infl uence respiratory tract infection (RTI) susceptibility in infants at 12 months of age. METHODS: This study included 550 infants. In the Cohort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and Allergic Diseases (COCOA) birth cohort study, prenatal maternal diet was assessed by administering a food frequency questionnaire...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827978/a-prospective-study-of-different-types-of-dietary-fiber-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#15
Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Sajad Khalili Moghadam, Azita Zadeh Vakili, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that dietary of intake different types of fiber could modify the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a large prospective cohort among Iranian adults. METHODS: In 2006-2008, we used a validated food frequency questionnaire to assess dietary fiber intake among 2295 health professionals with no previous history of heart disease. Subjects were subsequently followed until 2012 for incidence of CVD events...
November 7, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825067/cells-walls-and-endless-forms
#16
REVIEW
Marie Monniaux, Angela Hay
A key question in biology is how the endless diversity of forms found in nature evolved. Understanding the cellular basis of this diversity has been aided by advances in non-model experimental systems, quantitative image analysis tools, and modeling approaches. Recent work in plants highlights the importance of cell wall and cuticle modifications for the emergence of diverse forms and functions. For example, explosive seed dispersal in Cardamine hirsuta depends on the asymmetric localization of lignified cell wall thickenings in the fruit valve...
November 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821356/combined-effect-of-antagonistic-yeast-and-modified-atmosphere-to-control-penicillium-expansum-infection-in-sweet-cherries-cv-ambrun%C3%A3-s
#17
E de Paiva, M J Serradilla, S Ruiz-Moyano, M G Córdoba, M C Villalobos, R Casquete, A Hernández
Fruit decay caused by pathogenic moulds is a major concern in the postharvest quality and shelf life of fruit. Blue mould decay is caused by Penicillium expansum (P. expansum) and is one of the most important postharvest diseases in cherries (Prunus avium L.). Synthetic fungicides are the main medium used to control pathogenic moulds. However, alternative approaches are available for developing safer technologies to control postharvest disease. An integrated approach that combines biological control, using antagonistic yeasts and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) with cold storage is a promising alternative to synthetic fungicide treatment...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818663/grafting-a-technique-to-modify-ion-accumulation-in-horticultural-crops
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad A Nawaz, Muhammad Imtiaz, Qiusheng Kong, Fei Cheng, Waqar Ahmed, Yuan Huang, Zhilong Bie
Grafting is a centuries-old technique used in plants to obtain economic benefits. Grafting increases nutrient uptake and utilization efficiency in a number of plant species, including fruits, vegetables, and ornamentals. Selected rootstocks of the same species or close relatives are utilized in grafting. Rootstocks absorb more water and ions than self-rooted plants and transport these water and ions to the aboveground scion. Ion uptake is regulated by a complex communication mechanism between the scion and rootstock...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816854/diet-quality-is-associated-with-mental-health-social-support-and-neighborhood-factors-among-veterans
#19
Katherine D Hoerster, Sarah Wilson, Karin M Nelson, Gayle E Reiber, Robin M Masheb
United States Veterans have a higher prevalence of overweight and related chronic conditions compared to the general population. Although diet is a primary and modifiable contributor to these conditions, little is known about factors influencing diet quality among Veterans. The goal of this study is to examine individual, social environment, and physical environment correlates of general diet quality among Veterans. Study participants (N=653) received care at an urban VA Medical Center in Seattle, WA and completed a mailed survey in 2012 and 2013...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813092/the-impact-of-a-cold-chain-break-on-the-survival-of-salmonella-enterica-and-listeria-monocytogenes-on-minimally-processed-conference-pears-during-their-shelf-life
#20
Pilar Colás-Medà, Inmaculada Viñas, Isabel Alegre, Maribel Abadias
BACKGROUND: In recent years, improved detection methods and increased fresh-cut processing of produce have led to an increased number of outbreaks associated with fresh fruits and vegetables. During fruit and vegetable processing, natural protective barriers are removed and tissues are cut, causing nutrient rich exudates and providing attachment sites for microbes. Consequently, fresh-cut produce is more susceptible to microbial proliferation than whole produce. RESULTS: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of storage temperature on the growth and survival of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica on a fresh-cut 'Conference' pear over an eight day storage period...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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