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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433976/isolated-duodenal-rupture-primary-repair-without-diversion-is-it-safe-review-of-literature
#1
Muwaffaq Mezeil Telfah
Isolated duodenal rupture is a rare injury encountered among children following blunt abdominal trauma. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to decrease the associated morbidity and mortality. The debate is about the optimum operative management. We report a 6-year-old child who presented with acute abdominal pain due to isolated duodenal injury following blunt abdominal trauma. Emergency laparotomy revealed duodenal rupture at the junction of the first and second part of duodenum and absence of any other visceral injuries...
April 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396721/resection-of-complex-pancreatic-injuries-benchmarking-postoperative-complications-using-the-accordion-classification
#2
Jake E Krige, Eduard Jonas, Sandie R Thomson, Urda K Kotze, Mashiko Setshedi, Pradeep H Navsaria, Andrew J Nicol
AIM: To benchmark severity of complications using the Accordion Severity Grading System (ASGS) in patients undergoing operation for severe pancreatic injuries. METHODS: A prospective institutional database of 461 patients with pancreatic injuries treated from 1990 to 2015 was reviewed. One hundred and thirty patients with AAST grade 3, 4 or 5 pancreatic injuries underwent resection (pancreatoduodenectomy, n = 20, distal pancreatectomy, n = 110), including 30 who had an initial damage control laparotomy (DCL) and later definitive surgery...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374712/-external-pancreatic-fistulas-management
#3
E V Stepan, A S Ermolov, M L Rogal', Yu S Teterin
The main principles of treatment of external postoperative pancreatic fistulas are viewed in the article. Pancreatic trauma was the reason of pancreatic fistula in 38.7% of the cases, operations because of acute pancreatitis - in 25.8%, and pancreatic pseudocyst drainage - in 35.5%. 93 patients recovered after the treatment. Complex conservative treatment of EPF allowed to close fistulas in 74.2% of the patients with normal patency of the main pancreatic duct (MPD). The usage of octreotide 600-900 mcg daily for at least 5 days to decrease pancreatic secretion was an important part of the conservative treatment...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338594/the-association-of-non-accidental-trauma-with-historical-factors-exam-findings-and-diagnostic-testing-during-the-initial-trauma-evaluation
#4
Mauricio A Escobar, Marc Auerbach, Katherine Flynn-O'Brien, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Matthew A Borgman, Susan J Duffy, Kelly Falcone, Rita Burke, John M Cox, Sabine Maguire
Early identification of non-accidental trauma (NAT) is a critical component of pediatric trauma care. Literature searches were conducted related to the association of NAT with seven key areas: history, exam findings (burns, oral trauma, bruising) and imaging (fractures, abdominal and brain injuries). When available, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations with NAT are presented. Systematic reviews have been published in six of the seven key areas and are described. The operational definition of NAT was widely variable across studies, prohibiting meta-analysis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266293/emergency-pancreatico-duodenectomy-with-superior-mesenteric-and-portal-vein-resection-and-reconstruction-using-a-gore-tex-vascular-graft
#5
Mihai Adrian Eftimie, Vasile Lungu, Marian Tudoroiu, Genady Vatachki, Severina Batca, Leonard David
Emergency pancreatico-duodenectomy(EPD) is a very rare procedure and few reports are present in medical literature. It is an uncommon approach, usually used for emergency surgical treatment of abdominal trauma that involves the head of the pancreas or the duodenum, but it is also a surgical tool for the treatment of ruptured aneurysms, bleeding pseudocysts, duodenal perforations, uncontrollable hemorrhage from ulcers and tumors, severe infectious complications of acute pancreatitis or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography related complications (1,2)...
January 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100055/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-an-uncommon-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#6
José Barquín Yagüez, Pedro Abadía Barnó, Juan Carlos García Pérez
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also Wilkie's syndrome, is an uncommon cause of upper intestinal obstruction. It includes compression of the third duodenal portion by the aorta and the overlying superior mesenteric artery when the angle formed by these two structures becomes smaller. It may result from significant weight loss or abdominal trauma, or may have a congenital origin. Treatment for most cases is conservative.
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088944/gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury
#7
Annu Babu, Amulya Rattan, Maneesh Singhal, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Aneurysm of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) is rare. Most reported cases are due to pancreatitis and atherosclerosis; however, those following pancreatic trauma have not been reported. We encoun- tered GDA aneurysm in a patient of blunt abdominal trauma, who had pancreatic contusion and retroduodenal air on contrast enhanced computed tomography of abdomen. Emergency laparotomy for suspected duodenal injury revealed duodenal wall and pancreatic head contusion, mild hemo- peritoneum and no evidence of duodenal perforation...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025477/duodenal-loop-obstruction-as-an-unusual-cause-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-series
#8
Hyeonmin Lee, Yonghyeok Choi, Hyewon Jeong, Jae Kyu Lim, Taeyoung Jung, Joung Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Duodenal loop obstruction is an unusual cause of acute pancreatitis. Increased intraluminal pressure hinders pancreatic flow, causing dilatation of the pancreatic duct and inducing acute pancreatitis. We experienced three cases of acute pancreatitis that resulted from duodenal loop obstruction after (1) an esophagectomy with gastric pull-up procedure for esophageal cancer, (2) a gastrectomy with Billroth I reconstruction for gastric cancer, and (3) a gastrojejunostomy for abdominal trauma. An abdominal CT scan revealed a distended duodenal loop, dilated pancreatic duct, and inflamed pancreas with fluid collection...
December 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966213/occult-upper-gastrointestinal-mucosal-abnormalities-in-critically-ill-patients
#9
C Ovenden, M P Plummer, S Selvanderan, T A Donaldson, N Q Nguyen, L M Weinel, M E Finnis, M J Summers, Y Ali Abdelhamid, M J Chapman, C K Rayner, A M Deane
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to estimate the frequency of occult upper gastrointestinal abnormalities, presence of gastric acid as a contributing factor, and associations with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Data were extracted for study participants at a single centre who had an endoscopy performed purely for research purposes and in whom treating physicians were not suspecting gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopic data were independently adjudicated by two gastroenterologists who rated the likelihood that observed pathological abnormalities were related to gastric acid secretion using a 3-point ordinal scale (unlikely, possible or probable)...
February 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906430/recurrent-acute-pancreatitis-in-bowel-malrotation
#10
G Alessandri, A Amodio, L Landoni, N De' Liguori Carino, C Bassi
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent acute pancreatitis is an uncommon diagnosis in teenagers. Excluded alcohol and biliary stones, more prevalent aetiologies in these group of patients are genetic pancreatitis, pancreatic duct system abnormalities, neoplasia, traumas and congenital abnormalities of the duodenum such as duodenal duplication or diverticulum. Two reported cases of recurrent pancreatitis associated to midgut malrotation were described in English literature. Bowel malrotation is a difficult diagnosis in a teenager or a young adult and a common delay is documented...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887016/inferior-vena-caval-filter-strut-perforation-causing-intramural-duodenal-haematoma
#11
Zoheb Berry Williams, Nicole M Organ, Stephen Deane
We present a case of intramural duodenal haematoma caused by inferior vena caval (IVC) filter strut perforation requiring innovative open and endovascular retrieval. A 32-year-old woman presents in shock with dull epigastric pain and non-bilious vomiting. She had previously had an IVC filter for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Computed tomography demonstrated strut perforation into the second part of the duodenum, causing intramural haematoma and duodenal obstruction. Laparotomy facilitated evacuation of the duodenal haematoma, while the IVC filter was retrieved by endovascular means...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625999/association-between-the-pancreatic-enzyme-level-and-organ-failure-in-trauma-patients
#12
Arulselvi Subramanian, Venencia Albert, Biplab Mishra, Shilpi Sanoria, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
BACKGROUND: The literature suggests an association of pancreatic enzymes with systemic inflammation resulting in secondary organ injury and dysfunction following trauma. Elevation in serum enzymes may not always be predictive of pancreatic disease, and can reflect extra pancreatic production. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the rise in serum pancreatic enzyme levels with the incidence of organ failure following trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on critically injured patients from December 2009 to March 2010...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574650/an-isolated-duodenal-perforation-in-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma-a-rare-but-distinct-possibility
#13
Anjan Kumar Dhua, Manoj Joshi
Isolated duodenal perforation (IDP) in pediatric trauma is rarely reported. Since most of the children with blunt trauma are managed expectantly, timely diagnosis is imperative to avoid morbidity and mortality. We report a case of IDP and emphasize on certain specific clinical features indicating possibility of duodenal injury. We also stress upon the role of early contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) in such cases.
2015: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381695/unusual-repair-in-a-rare-case-of-hepatothorax-due-to-right-sided-diaphragmatic-rupture-case-report
#14
F Quadrozzi, P Favoriti, M Favoriti, G Cofini
Intra-thoracic herniation of abdominal organs following diaphragmatic rupture represents an unusual clinical occurrence with great diagnostic difficulty. The authors present a case of right diaphragmatic rupture related to peritonitis due to perforated duodenal ulcer in previous (1 year before) thoraco-abdominal trauma with complete intra-thoracic herniation of the liver, gallbladder, ascending and transverse colon and lung collapse. The preoperative diagnosis has been based on clinical, chest X-ray, and ultrasound examination...
March 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358516/review-of-pancreaticoduodenal-trauma-with-a-case-report
#15
REVIEW
Yavuz Poyrazoglu, Kazim Duman, Ali Harlak
Complex anatomical relation of the duodenum, pancreas, biliary tract, and major vessels plays to obscure pancreaticoduodenal injuries. Causes of pancreaticoduodenal injuries are blunt trauma (traffic accidents, sport injuries) in 25 % of cases and penetrating abdominal injuries (stab wounds and firearm injuries) in 75 % of cases. Duodenal injuries are reported to occur in 0.5 to 5 % of all abdominal trauma cases and are observed in 11 % of abdominal firearm wounds, 1.6 % of abdominal stab wounds, and 6 % of blunt trauma...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162889/characteristics-of-hollow-viscus-injury-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma-a-single-centre-experience-from-eastern-india
#16
Nawal Kishore Jha, Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Rajshekhar Sharma, Dipendra Kumar Sinha, Sandip Kumar, Marshal Daud Kerketta, Mini Sinha, Abhinav Anand, Anjana Gandhi, Satish Kumar Ranjan, Jitin Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To determine the presentation, anatomical distribution, diagnostic method, management and outcome of hollow viscus injury (HVI) from blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: This  was  a  retrospective  cross-ecnal  study  including  patients  with  blunt  abdominal  trauma leading to HVI admitted at Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, over a period of 4.5 years (January 2009 to July 2014). Data were retrieved from patients' medical records...
October 2014: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138883/non-trauma-emergency-pancreatoduodenectomies-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#17
Michael F Nentwich, M Reeh, F G Uzunoglu, K Bachmann, M Bockhorn, J R Izbicki, Y K Vashist
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively assess the frequency and indications for emergency pancreatoduodenctomies in a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Pancreatoduodenectomies between January 2005 and January 2014 were retrospectively assessed for emergency indications defined as surgery following unplanned hospital admission in less than 24 h. Data on indications and on the intraoperative as well as the post-operative course were collected. RESULTS: Out of 583 pancreatoduodenectomies during the interval, a total of 10 (1...
September 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995532/management-of-pancreatic-trauma
#18
E Girard, J Abba, C Arvieux, B Trilling, P Y Sage, N Mougin, S Perou, P Lavagne, C Létoublon
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic trauma (PT) is associated with high morbidity and mortality; the therapeutic options remain debated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of PT treated in the University Hospital of Grenoble over a 22-year span. The decision for initial laparotomy depended on hemodynamic status as well as on associated lesions. Main pancreatic duct lesions were always searched for. PT lesions were graded according to the AAST classification. RESULTS: Of a total of 46 PT, 34 were grades II or I...
August 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848477/evaluation-of-the-safe-ischemic-time-of-clamping-during-intermittent-pringles-maneuver-in-rabbits
#19
Mohsen Kolahdoozan, Akbar Behdad, Mehrdad Hosseinpour, Samin Behdad, Mohammad Taghi Rezaei
BACKGROUND: The liver is the most commonly injured organ in blunt abdominal trauma. Although major hepatic bleeding may be partially controlled with portal triade clamping (the Pringle's maneuver), continuous prolonged clamping results in liver ischemia. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the safe time of Pringle maneuver based on pathologic changes of liver in rabbit models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an experimental study, 20 New-Zealand white rabbits were selected...
December 2015: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816313/management-of-isolated-duodenal-rupture-due-to-blunt-abdominal-trauma-case-series-and-literature-review
#20
A Celik, E Altinli, N Koksal, E Onur, A Sumer, M Ali Uzun, M Kayahan
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal injuries are uncommon and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality due to delayed diagnosis (in the case of blunt trauma) or associated major vascular injuries (in the case of penetrating trauma). Isolated blunt injuries may have a subtle clinical presentation, and are particularly difficult to diagnose when the perforation is located in the retroperitoneal part of the duodenum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper presents in company with three cases of successfully treated isolated duodenal injuries due to blunt trauma, focusing on with their preoperative diagnosis, surgical management and final out comes...
December 2010: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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