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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052832/traumatic-duodenal-injury-in-children-a-report-of-two-cases
#1
Deepa Makhija, Shalika Jayaswal, Vikrant Kumbhar, Hemanshi Shah
Duodenal injury following blunt abdominal trauma in children is extremely rare. It commonly has a delayed presentation, thus leading to increased mortality and morbidity. We report two cases of isolated duodenal injury following blunt abdominal trauma in children.
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958360/surgical-management-of-abdominal-trauma-hollow-viscus-injury
#2
REVIEW
Jamie J Coleman, Ben L Zarzaur
Hollow viscus injury is common with penetrating trauma to the torso and infrequent with a blunt traumatic mechanism of injury. The diagnosis in hemodynamically unstable patients is often made in the operating room. In hemodynamically stable patients, the diagnosis can be difficult due to additional injuries. Although computed tomography remains the diagnostic tool of choice in hemodynamically stable patients, it has lower reported sensitivity and specificity with hollow viscus injury. However, even short delays in diagnosis increase morbidity and mortality significantly...
October 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886391/combined-pancreatic-and-duodenal-transection-injury-a-case-report
#3
Simbarashe Gift Mungazi, Chenesa Mbanje, Onesai Chihaka, Noah Madziva
INTRODUCTION: Combined pancreatic-duodenal injuries in blunt abdominal trauma are rare. These injuries are associated with high morbidity and mortality, and their emergent management is a challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of combined complete pancreatic (through the neck) and duodenal (first part) transections in a 24-year-old male secondary to blunt abdominal trauma following a motor vehicle crash. The duodenal stumps were closed separately and a gastrojejunostomy performed for intestinal continuity...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846501/rapid-source-control-laparotomy-is-there-a-mortality-benefit
#4
James Vogler, Laura Bagwell, Leslie Hart, Sharon Holmes, Jason Sciaretta, John Mihran Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence rapid source-control laparotomy (RSCL) has on the mortality rate in non-trauma patients with intra-abdominal infection. The hypothesis was that RSCL reduces deaths and hospital lengths of stay (LOS) in patients compared with definitive repair and primary fascial closure (PFC). METHODS: The International Classification of Diseases-10 codes for sepsis, gastric and duodenal ulcer perforation or hemorrhage, incisional or ventral hernia with obstruction, intestinal volvulus, ileus with obstruction, diverticulitis with perforation or abscess, vascular disorder of intestine, non-traumatic intestinal perforation, peritoneal abscess, and unspecified peritonitis were used to query the 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for all patients treated with either RSCL or PFC...
October 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843715/safety-and-efficacy-of-angioembolisation-followed-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-transmural-drainage-for-pancreatic-fluid-collections-associated-with-arterial-pseudoaneurysm
#5
Surinder S Rana, Amit Kumar, Anupam Lal, Ravi Sharma, Mandeep Kang, Ujjwal Gorsi, Rajesh Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arterial pseudoaneurysms associated with pancreatic fluid collections (PFC's) are serious complication of pancreatitis. There is insufficient data on safety of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided drainage in these patients. AIM: To retrospectively analyze results of combination of angioembolisation followed by EUS guided transmural drainage of PFC's associated with pseudoaneurysms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data base of eight patients (all males; mean age: 36...
September 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759898/unusual-mechanism-for-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-after-scoliosis-surgery
#6
Daniel L Eisenson, Kalpit N Shah, Eric M Cohen, Craig P Eberson
t Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) syndrome is an uncommon condition caused by mechanical obstruction of the distal third of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the abdominal aorta. SMA syndrome is associated with both operative and non-operative corrections of scoliosis, as well as anorexia nervosa, severe weight loss, tumors, burns, and other traumas.[1-4] We report an unusual case of SMA syndrome following corrective surgery for scoliosis in which post-operative gastric distension caused duodenal compression that subsequently resolved with gastric decompression, as opposed to the conventional, reverse series of events in which SMA syndrome causes the gastric dilatation...
August 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755968/surgical-and-medical-approach-to-patients-requiring-total-small-bowel-resection-managing-the-no-gut-syndrome
#7
Ruy J Cruz, Laurie Butera, Kristine Poloyac, Jenee McGurgan, William Stein, David Binion, Abhinav Humar
BACKGROUND: Total resection of the jejunum and ileum, a rarely performed procedure, is indicated after mesenteric vascular events, trauma, or resection of abdominal neoplasms. We describe our recent experience with the operative and medical management of patients with "no gut syndrome." METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 341 adult patients who were referred to our center between January 2013 and December 2016. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with a mean age of 42...
October 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660836/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-of-laparoscopic-duodenojejunostomy-as-the-operation-of-choice
#8
G C Kirby, E R Faulconer, S J Robinson, A Perry, R Downing
INTRODUCTION The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome, or Wilkie's syndrome, is a rare cause of postprandial epigastric pain, vomiting and weight loss caused by compression of the third part of the duodenum as it passes beneath the proximal superior mesenteric artery. The syndrome may be precipitated by sudden weight loss secondary to other pathologies, such as trauma, malignancy or eating disorders. Diagnosis is confirmed by angiography, which reveals a reduced aorto-SMA angle and distance, and contrast studies showing duodenal obstruction...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659673/emergency-laparotomies-at-a-tertiary-care-center-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
G Gejoe, Induprabha Yadev, M Rahul
Emergency laparotomy is a common high-risk surgical procedure, but with a few outcome data and few data on postoperative care. This was a hospital-based descriptive study of 376 consecutive emergency midline laparotomies performed in a tertiary care center. The aim of the study was to identify the clinical presentation, surgical indications, preoperative delay, intraoperative findings, and postoperative complications. Majority of the patients belonged to the 40-80-year age group. Broadly, the indications could be divided into acute abdomen and trauma...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658014/penetrating-injuries-to-the-duodenum-an-analysis-of-879-patients-from-the-national-trauma-data-bank-2010-to-2014
#10
Bradley Phillips, Lauren Turco, Dan McDonald, Alison Mause, Ryan W Walters
BACKGROUND: Despite wide belief that the duodenal Organ Injury Scale has been validated, this has not been reported in the published literature. Based on clinical experience, we hypothesize that the American Association for Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale (AAST-OIS) for duodenal injuries can independently predict mortality. Our objectives were threefold: (1) describe the national profile of penetrating duodenal injuries, (2) identify predictors of morbidity and mortality, and (3) validate the duodenum AAST-OIS as a statistically significant predictor of mortality...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511447/delayed-presentation-of-isolated-jejunal-perforation-following-accidental-trauma
#11
Kshitij Arun Manerikar, Priyank Verma, Abhijit Ghatage, Shishir Garg, Mirat Dholakia
Blunt abdominal trauma can injure any abdominal organs which had significant morbidity and mortality in paediatric age group. It can lead to duodenal, jejunal or rather any bowel perforation. Isolated jejunal perforation still remains rare entity with less documented reports in specifically paediatric age group. We hereby present a case of three-year-old female child with isolated jejunal perforation, post history of fall from height. Early exploration and prompt surgical intervention led to successful outcome in this patient...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433976/isolated-duodenal-rupture-primary-repair-without-diversion-is-it-safe-review-of-literature
#12
REVIEW
Muwaffaq Mezeil Telfah
Isolated duodenal rupture is a rare injury encountered among children following blunt abdominal trauma. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to decrease the associated morbidity and mortality. The debate is about the optimum operative management. We report a 6-year-old child who presented with acute abdominal pain due to isolated duodenal injury following blunt abdominal trauma. Emergency laparotomy revealed duodenal rupture at the junction of the first and second part of duodenum and absence of any other visceral injuries...
April 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396721/resection-of-complex-pancreatic-injuries-benchmarking-postoperative-complications-using-the-accordion-classification
#13
Jake E Krige, Eduard Jonas, Sandie R Thomson, Urda K Kotze, Mashiko Setshedi, Pradeep H Navsaria, Andrew J Nicol
AIM: To benchmark severity of complications using the Accordion Severity Grading System (ASGS) in patients undergoing operation for severe pancreatic injuries. METHODS: A prospective institutional database of 461 patients with pancreatic injuries treated from 1990 to 2015 was reviewed. One hundred and thirty patients with AAST grade 3, 4 or 5 pancreatic injuries underwent resection (pancreatoduodenectomy, n = 20, distal pancreatectomy, n = 110), including 30 who had an initial damage control laparotomy (DCL) and later definitive surgery...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374712/-external-pancreatic-fistulas-management
#14
E V Stepan, A S Ermolov, M L Rogal', Yu S Teterin
The main principles of treatment of external postoperative pancreatic fistulas are viewed in the article. Pancreatic trauma was the reason of pancreatic fistula in 38.7% of the cases, operations because of acute pancreatitis - in 25.8%, and pancreatic pseudocyst drainage - in 35.5%. 93 patients recovered after the treatment. Complex conservative treatment of EPF allowed to close fistulas in 74.2% of the patients with normal patency of the main pancreatic duct (MPD). The usage of octreotide 600-900 mcg daily for at least 5 days to decrease pancreatic secretion was an important part of the conservative treatment...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338594/the-association-of-non-accidental-trauma-with-historical-factors-exam-findings-and-diagnostic-testing-during-the-initial-trauma-evaluation
#15
Mauricio A Escobar, Marc Auerbach, Katherine Flynn-O'Brien, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Matthew A Borgman, Susan J Duffy, Kelly Falcone, Rita Burke, John M Cox, Sabine Maguire
Early identification of non-accidental trauma (NAT) is a critical component of pediatric trauma care. Literature searches were conducted related to the association of NAT with seven key areas: history, exam findings (burns, oral trauma, bruising) and imaging (fractures, abdominal and brain injuries). When available, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations with NAT are presented. Systematic reviews have been published in six of the seven key areas and are described. The operational definition of NAT was widely variable across studies, prohibiting meta-analysis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266293/emergency-pancreatico-duodenectomy-with-superior-mesenteric-and-portal-vein-resection-and-reconstruction-using-a-gore-tex-vascular-graft
#16
Mihai Adrian Eftimie, Vasile Lungu, Marian Tudoroiu, Genady Vatachki, Severina Batca, Leonard David
Emergency pancreatico-duodenectomy(EPD) is a very rare procedure and few reports are present in medical literature. It is an uncommon approach, usually used for emergency surgical treatment of abdominal trauma that involves the head of the pancreas or the duodenum, but it is also a surgical tool for the treatment of ruptured aneurysms, bleeding pseudocysts, duodenal perforations, uncontrollable hemorrhage from ulcers and tumors, severe infectious complications of acute pancreatitis or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography related complications (1,2)...
January 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100055/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-an-uncommon-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#17
José Barquín Yagüez, Pedro Abadía Barnó, Juan Carlos García Pérez
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also Wilkie's syndrome, is an uncommon cause of upper intestinal obstruction. It includes compression of the third duodenal portion by the aorta and the overlying superior mesenteric artery when the angle formed by these two structures becomes smaller. It may result from significant weight loss or abdominal trauma, or may have a congenital origin. Treatment for most cases is conservative.
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088944/gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury
#18
Annu Babu, Amulya Rattan, Maneesh Singhal, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Aneurysm of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) is rare. Most reported cases are due to pancreatitis and atherosclerosis; however, those following pancreatic trauma have not been reported. We encoun- tered GDA aneurysm in a patient of blunt abdominal trauma, who had pancreatic contusion and retroduodenal air on contrast enhanced computed tomography of abdomen. Emergency laparotomy for suspected duodenal injury revealed duodenal wall and pancreatic head contusion, mild hemo- peritoneum and no evidence of duodenal perforation...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025477/duodenal-loop-obstruction-as-an-unusual-cause-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-series
#19
Hyeonmin Lee, Yonghyeok Choi, Hyewon Jeong, Jae Kyu Lim, Taeyoung Jung, Joung Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Duodenal loop obstruction is an unusual cause of acute pancreatitis. Increased intraluminal pressure hinders pancreatic flow, causing dilatation of the pancreatic duct and inducing acute pancreatitis. We experienced three cases of acute pancreatitis that resulted from duodenal loop obstruction after (1) an esophagectomy with gastric pull-up procedure for esophageal cancer, (2) a gastrectomy with Billroth I reconstruction for gastric cancer, and (3) a gastrojejunostomy for abdominal trauma. An abdominal CT scan revealed a distended duodenal loop, dilated pancreatic duct, and inflamed pancreas with fluid collection...
December 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966213/occult-upper-gastrointestinal-mucosal-abnormalities-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
C Ovenden, M P Plummer, S Selvanderan, T A Donaldson, N Q Nguyen, L M Weinel, M E Finnis, M J Summers, Y Ali Abdelhamid, M J Chapman, C K Rayner, A M Deane
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to estimate the frequency of occult upper gastrointestinal abnormalities, presence of gastric acid as a contributing factor, and associations with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Data were extracted for study participants at a single centre who had an endoscopy performed purely for research purposes and in whom treating physicians were not suspecting gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopic data were independently adjudicated by two gastroenterologists who rated the likelihood that observed pathological abnormalities were related to gastric acid secretion using a 3-point ordinal scale (unlikely, possible or probable)...
February 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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