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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620390/yoga-as-an-intervention-for-psychological-symptoms-following-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#1
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Cari J Clark, Mary E Butler
Despite evidence of the physiologic impact of trauma, treatments are only beginning to focus on the impact of trauma on the body. Yoga may be a promising treatment for trauma sequelae, given research that supports yoga for general distress. The present study aims to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of yoga interventions for psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, anxiety symptoms) following potentially traumatic life events. The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PsycINFO, Ovid Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase/Embase Classic...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614706/yoga-and-meditation-based-lifestyle-intervention-increases-neuroplasticity-and-reduces-severity-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Madhuri R Tolahunase, Rajesh Sagar, Muneeb Faiq, Rima Dada
BACKGROUND: Current interventions for major depressive disorder (MDD) are suboptimal, and only one third respond to them on initial treatment. Neuroplasticity theories are the basis for several emerging treatments. Evidence on the impact of yoga, a well-known mind-body intervention, on neuroplasticity in MDD is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 12-week yoga- and meditation- based lifestyle intervention (YMLI) on depression severity and systemic biomarkers of neuroplasticity in adult MDD patients on routine drug treatment...
March 25, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609926/a-randomized-controlled-dosing-study-of-iyengar-yoga-and-coherent-breathing-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-impact-on-suicidal-ideation-and-safety-findings
#3
Maren Nyer, Patricia L Gerbarg, Marisa M Silveri, Jennifer Johnston, Tammy M Scott, Maya Nauphal, Liz Owen, Greylin H Nielsen, David Mischoulon, Richard P Brown, Maurizio Fava, Chris C Streeter
BACKGROUND: Yoga interventions offer promise for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), yet their safety and potential impact on suicidal ideation (SI) have not been well documented. This study evaluated the safety of a randomized controlled dose-finding trial of Iyengar yoga plus coherent breathing for individuals with MDD, as well as the potential effects of the intervention on SI without intent. METHODS: Participants with Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) scores ≥14 and a diagnosis of MDD (using DSM-IV criteria) were randomized to either a low dose group (LDG) or high dose group (HDG) and received a 12-week manualized intervention...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593576/vagus-nerve-as-modulator-of-the-brain-gut-axis-in-psychiatric-and-inflammatory-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Sigrid Breit, Aleksandra Kupferberg, Gerhard Rogler, Gregor Hasler
The vagus nerve represents the main component of the parasympathetic nervous system, which oversees a vast array of crucial bodily functions, including control of mood, immune response, digestion, and heart rate. It establishes one of the connections between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract and sends information about the state of the inner organs to the brain via afferent fibers. In this review article, we discuss various functions of the vagus nerve which make it an attractive target in treating psychiatric and gastrointestinal disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566652/yoga-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Holger Cramer, Dennis Anheyer, Felix J Saha, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Yoga is increasingly used as a therapeutic treatment and seems to improve psychiatric conditions such as anxiety disorders and depression. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the evidence of yoga for reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: The Cochrane Library, Medline/PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, and IndMED were searched through July 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of yoga on symptoms of PTSD...
March 22, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549150/what-interventions-can-improve-quality-of-life-or-psychosocial-factors-of-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-primary-outcomes-from-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Ronaldo Valdir Briani, Amanda Schenatto Ferreira, Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Evangelos Pappas, Danilo De Oliveira Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence of primary outcomes from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of treatment strategies on quality of life (QoL) or psychosocial factors in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Web of Science were searched from inception to November 2017...
March 16, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541436/the-effect-of-yoga-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-women
#7
Masoumeh Shohani, Gholamreza Badfar, Marzieh Parizad Nasirkandy, Sattar Kaikhavani, Shoboo Rahmati, Yaghoob Modmeli, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: In recent decades, several medical and scientific studies on yoga proved it to be very useful in the treatment of some diseases. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of yoga on stress, anxiety, and depression in women living in Ilam, Iran. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study with pre-post test. To collect data, the questionnaire of DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21) was used. For eligible samples, hatha yoga exercises and training sessions were held for 4 weeks (3 time/weeks; 60-70 min each) by a specialist...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458913/use-of-complementary-approaches-in-pregnant-women-with-a-history-of-miscarriage
#8
Jennifer Huberty, Jeni Matthews, Jenn A Leiferman, Chong Lee
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of complementary approaches in pregnant women with a history of miscarriage and to investigate whether a miscarriage is associated with the use of complementary approaches during their pregnancy. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to pregnant women residing in the United States (N=890). RESULTS: Women who had a history of miscarriage, were Caucasian, were college educated, reported a high income, had low depression scores, and had low anxiety scores (all P<0...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422163/the-impact-of-complementary-therapies-on-psychosocial-factors-in-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Jenna A LoGiudice, Jenna Massaro
AIM: This review evaluates the impact of complementary therapies on psychosocial factors in women undergoing IVF. BACKGROUND: According to the CDC, nearly 7% of married women in the United States face infertility. Approximately 1.5% of all infants born in the U.S. annually are conceived through assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as IVF. Women undergoing ART report distress, anxiety, and depression related to their treatment. Stress has been cited as the top reason why women terminate treatment...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417491/meditation-and-yoga-practice-are-associated-with-smaller-right-amygdala-volume-the-rotterdam-study
#11
Rinske A Gotink, Meike W Vernooij, M Arfan Ikram, Wiro J Niessen, Gabriel P Krestin, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier, M G Myriam Hunink
To determine the association between meditation and yoga practice, experienced stress, and amygdala and hippocampal volume in a large population-based study. This study was embedded within the population-based Rotterdam Study and included 3742 participants for cross-sectional association. Participants filled out a questionnaire assessing meditation practice, yoga practice, and experienced stress, and underwent a magnetic resonance scan of the brain. 2397 participants underwent multiple brain scans, and were assessed for structural change over time...
February 7, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415222/military-tailored-yoga-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun, Susan W Alden C-Iayt, Alan R Katz
Introduction: Among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts, estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 9% shortly after returning from deployment to 31% a year after deployment. Clinical and pharmaceutically based treatments are underutilized. This could be due to concerns related to lost duty days, as well as PTSD patients' fears of stigma of having a mental health condition. Yoga has been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms in the civilian population, but few studies have tested the impact of yoga on veterans of post-9/11 conflicts...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343930/yoga-based-postoperative-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-for-improving-quality-of-life-and-stress-levels-fifth-year-follow-up-through-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Eraballi Amaravathi, Nagendra Hongasandra Ramarao, Nagarathna Raghuram, Balaram Pradhan
Objectives: This study was aimed to assess the efficacy of yoga-based lifestyle program (YLSP) in improving quality of life (QOL) and stress levels in patients after 5 years of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methodology: Three hundred patients posted for elective CABG in Narayana Hrudayalaya Super Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru, were randomized into two groups: YLSP and conventional lifestyle program (CLSP), and follow-up was done for 5 years. Intervention: In YLSP group, all practices of integrative approach of yoga therapy such as yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, and meditation were used as an add-on to conventional cardiac rehabilitation...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320386/examining-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-an-online-yoga-class-for-mood-disorders-a-moodnetwork-study
#14
Lisa Uebelacker, Steven C Dufour, Jacob G Dinerman, Samantha L Walsh, Casey Hearing, Lee T Gillette, Thilo Deckersbach, Andrew A Nierenberg, Lauren Weinstock, Louisa G Sylvia
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing advances in the treatment of mood disorders, a substantial proportion of people diagnosed with major depression or bipolar disorder remain symptomatic over time. Yoga, which has been shown to reduce stress and depressive symptoms, as well as to improve overall quality of life, shows promise as an adjunctive treatment. However, dissemination of yoga for clinical populations remains challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of an online yoga intervention for individuals with mood disorders...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#15
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
February 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259819/effects-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-during-breast-cancer-survivorship-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-control-trials
#16
Efrossini D Patsou, Georgios D Alexias, Fotios G Anagnostopoulos, Michalis V Karamouzis
Background Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women worldwide, and depressive symptoms are disturbing side effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment. Physical activity and exercise have emerged as an alternative treatment in handling psychological distress throughout breast cancer survivorship. Aim The aim of this review was to present the results of (1) physical activity and (2) exercise interventions in terms of type and duration regarding depressive symptoms among breast cancer survivors during and after treatment...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241287/-where-and-how-does-yoga-work-a-scientific-overview
#17
Holger Cramer
As a traditional health care system, yoga combines physical activity, breathing techniques and meditation. It is increasingly used as a preventive or therapeutic means. Yoga has been researched in hundreds of randomized controlled trials. Positive effects are especially found for chronic pain conditions, hypertension, depression and in supportive cancer care. While there are case reports of serious adverse events associated with yoga, the risk seems to be extremely low and comparable to other forms of physical activity...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225455/treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-with-iyengar-yoga-and-coherent-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-dosing-study
#18
Chris C Streeter, Patricia L Gerbarg, Theodore H Whitfield, Liz Owen, Jennifer Johnston, Marisa M Silveri, Marysia Gensler, Carol L Faulkner, Cathy Mann, Mary Wixted, Anne Marie Hernon, Maren B Nyer, E Richard P Brown, John E Jensen
Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the effects of an intervention of Iyengar yoga and coherent breathing at five breaths per minute on depressive symptoms and to determine optimal intervention yoga dosing for future studies in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Subjects were randomized to the high-dose group (HDG) or low-dose group (LDG) for a 12-week intervention of three or two intervention classes per week, respectively. Eligible subjects were 18-64 years old with MDD, had baseline Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) scores ≥14, and were either on no antidepressant medications or on a stable dose of antidepressants for ≥3 months...
December 1, 2017: Alternative & Complementary Therapies: a New Bimonthly Publication for Health Care Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#19
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175964/yoga-intervention-may-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-hrql-fatigue-depression-anxiety-and-sleep-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Marcy McCall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Evidence-based Nursing
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