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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210549/evaluation-of-discrepancies-in-weights-of-fresh-and-fixed-specimens-in-breast-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Dinesh Thekkinkattil
BACKGROUND: Handling of breast specimen is not well monitored and there is limited data on the impact of fixative solutions on specimen weights. Weight of resected breast tissue acts as a guide for future reconstructive and symmetrisation procedures. The aim is to quantitatively evaluate the discrepancies in weight of fresh breast specimen and the weight of specimen after being kept in a fixative solution for a variable length of time. METHODS: Single centre retrospective cohort study including patients undergone breast surgery for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes between January of 2013 and June 2015...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210405/titanium-clamps-for-a-simple-low-profile-autologous-osteosynthesis-in-the-reconstruction-of-posttraumatic-craniofacial-convexital-skeletal-disruption
#2
Amos Olufemi Adeleye, Toluyemi Adefolarin Malomo
Attempts at reconstruction of posttraumatic craniofacial defects (PTCDs) can be a challenge in low-resource practice areas of the world where the needed biomaterials are logistically beyond reach. A simple low-profile technique of autologous osteosynthesis for PTCD using the titanium clamps is presented in this report. In addition, a 6-year prospective database on a consecutive cohort of patients who underwent this procedure was analyzed for clinical, functional, and aesthetic outcomes, both in-hospital and at midterm follow-up...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209449/maxillofacial-and-concomitant-serious-injuries-an-eight-year-single-center-experience
#3
Fausto Fama, Marco Cicciu, Alessandro Sindoni, Enrico Nastro-Siniscalchi, Roberto Falzea, Gabriele Cervino, Francesca Polito, Francesco De Ponte, Maria Gioffre-Florio
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial injuries are frequently associated with multiple trauma and can determine functional and aesthetic bad outcomes. The severity of maxillofacial injuries may be considerable and can divert clinicians' attention from other concomitant injuries which is less evident but potentially life-threatening. The aim of this study was to find out the concomitant injuries in patients referred to the Emergency Department (ED) of the University Hospital of Messina (North-East Sicily, Italy) for maxillofacial traumas...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209396/changes-in-bite-force-after-orthognathic-surgical-correction-of-mandibular-prognathism-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
I Islam, A A T Lim, R C W Wong
Patients requesting treatment for mandibular prognathism seek functional and aesthetic improvements. Improvements in bite force and efficiency are generally used as measures of better function. It is unclear what effect the surgical correction of mandibular prognathism will have on the patient's occlusal forces. The literature was searched using medical subject heading (MeSH) and key word terms 'bite force', 'osteotomy', 'orthognathic surgery', and 'prognathism'. A total of 17 articles were included in this review...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208179/a-quantitative-approach-to-determining-the-ideal-female-lip-aesthetic-and-its-effect-on-facial-attractiveness
#5
Natalie A Popenko, Prem B Tripathi, Zlatko Devcic, Koohyar Karimi, Kathryn Osann, Brian J F Wong
Importance: Aesthetic proportions of the lips and their effect on facial attractiveness are poorly defined. Established guidelines would aid practitioners in achieving optimal aesthetic outcomes during cosmetic augmentation. Objective: To assess the most attractive lip dimensions of white women based on attractiveness ranking of surface area, ratio of upper to lower lip, and dimensions of the lip surface area relative to the lower third of the face. Design, Setting, and Participants: In phase 1 of this study, synthetic morph frontal digital images of the faces of 20 white women ages 18 to 25 years old were used to generate 5 varied lip surface areas for each face...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207471/improving-the-aesthetic-outcome-in-scaphocephaly-correction-hairline-lowering-during-vault-remodeling-procedures
#6
Joern Wittig, Christian Duncan
The bossed forehead in patients with scaphocephaly often leads to a high hairline. A new technique to improve the aesthetic outcome of patients undergoing scaphocephaly correction is described. Sixteen patients with scaphocephaly and having a high hairline due to frontal bossing who underwent scaphocephaly correction by subtotal or total vault remodeling were analyzed. The median age at surgery was 18 months. The mean distance between the nasofrontal suture and the hairline was preoperatively 70 mm (range 58-91)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207031/current-evidence-for-clinical-efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-aesthetic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#7
Russell S Frautschi, Ahmed M Hashem, Brianna Halasa, Cagri Cakmakoglu, James E Zins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#8
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203497/refinement-of-nasal-reconstruction-with-a-v-y-alar-perforator-flap
#9
Dominik L Feinendegen, Martin F Langer, J Camilo Roldán
BACKGROUND: The ala of the nose is vascularized by a dense net of perforators originating from the lateral nasal artery or the angular artery. These vessels reach the ala in a cascade fashion from the alar groove/lateral nasal wall. Based on these vessels, a V/Y flap can be dissected with a wide range of mobility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent reconstruction of the nose by means of a V/Y-alar-perforator flap alone or in combination with a myocutaneous rotation flap from the lateral nasal wall and/or from the nasal dorsum for reconstruction of defects at the nasal tip, ala of the nose, and/or lateral nasal wall...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195002/coverage-of-tendon-exposure-after-radial-forearm-free-flap-by-the-dorsoulnar-artery-perforator-flap
#10
Rémi Foissac, Marc Benatar, Olivier Dassonville, Alexandre Bozec, Gilles Poissonnet, Olivier Camuzard
Objective This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of an alternative technique using a perforator flap to manage secondary tendon exposure after a radial forearm free flap in head and neck oncologic surgery. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Plastic Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Nice University Hospital, Pasteur 2 Hospital, France. Subjects and Methods Despite its numerous advantages, the radial forearm free flap is associated with significant donor site morbidity and the risk of secondary tendon exposure...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194355/response-to-letter-evolving-trends-in-breast-surgery-oncoplastic-to-onco-aesthetic-surgery
#11
Amtul Razzaq Carmichael, Kefah Mokbel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194354/oncoplastic-to-onco-aesthetic-surgery-a-movement-toward-overtreatment
#12
COMMENT
Mona P Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194322/sural-artery-perforator-flap-with-posterior-tibial-neurovascular-decompression-for-recurrent-foot-ulcer-in-leprosy-patients
#13
Hossam El-Din Ali Ismail, Mohamed Hassan El Fahar
Introduction: The sensory loss and alteration of the shape of the foot make the foot liable to trauma and pressure, and subsequently cause more callus formation, blisters, and ulcers. Foot ulcers usually are liable to secondary infection as cellulitis or osteomyelitis, and may result in amputations. Foot ulcers are a major problem and a major cause of handicaps in leprosy patients. The current study is to present our clinical experience and evaluate the use of sural flap with posterior tibial neurovascular decompression (PTND) in recurrent foot ulcers in leprosy patients...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184072/gingival-overgrowth-part-2-management-strategies
#14
J Chesterman, J Beaumont, M Kellett, K Durey
The effective and predictable management of gingival overgrowth requires correct diagnosis and consideration of aetiological factors, as discussed in Part 1 (BDJ 2017; 222: 85-91). Initial management should involve cause-related therapy, which may resolve or reduce the lesion. If functional, aesthetic and maintenance complications persist following this phase; further treatment may be required in the form of surgery. This paper discusses management strategies, including management of aetiological factors and surgical techniques...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177970/restoration-of-complicated-epicanthus-modified-reverse-skin-redraping-with-mini-epicanthoplasty-for-rescue-in-unsatisfied-epicanthoplasty-patients
#15
Yoon Jae Chung, Kyung Eun Han, Bo Young Park
PURPOSE: We had reported the surgical outcome of reverse skin redraping technique for restoration of previously performed epicanthoplasty. In this study, we introduce a modified reverse skin redraping technique that added mini-epicanthoplasty in patients with unsatisfactory results after epicanthoplasty. METHODS: Three hundred twenty-four patients (288 female and 36 male patients) who had unsatisfied results with previous epicanthoplasty and that were treated with our modified restoration surgery were included in this study...
February 8, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175969/masculine-chest-wall-contouring-in-ftm-transgender-a-personal-approach
#16
Giulia Lo Russo, Sara Tanini, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Chest-wall contouring surgery is one of the first steps in sexual reassignment in female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals that contributes to strengthening of the self-image and facilitates living in the new gender role. The main goal is to masculinize the chest by removing the female contour. Chest contour, scar placement, scar shape, scar length, nipple-areola position, nipple size and the areola size are the key points. METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2016, 25 FtM transgender patients underwent surgical procedures to create a masculine chest-wall contour...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162855/histopathological-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-findings-of-retrieved-porous-polyethylene-implants
#17
S-Y Choi, H-I Shin, T-Y Kwon, T-G Kwon
Porous polyethylene (PPE) implants are biocompatible alloplastic materials commonly used for facial augmentation. However, the effect of sub-periosteal PPE application on the surrounding tissues has not been analyzed clearly. This report documents the case of a 22-year-old woman who underwent peri-alar augmentation with PPE to improve midface retrusion. Although no infection or inflammation occurred at the surgical site, the patient requested removal of the PPE implant for aesthetic reasons alone at 1 year after the surgery...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160580/sclerotherapy-for-the-recurrent-granulomatous-epulis-with-pingyangmycin
#18
Y Cai, R Sun, K-F He, Y-F Zhao, J-H Zhao
BACKGROUND: Relapse of granulomatous epulis is common after surgery because of local irritations, hormonal level in vivo, or incomplete resection. Currently, if recurrence occurs, then extraction of the teeth adjacent to the lesion is commonly performed, which may influence the aesthetics or masticatory function. Thus, a more effective and less aggressive treatment method is urgently demanded, particularly for the recurring lesion. This study investigated the effects of the intralesional pingyangmycin (PYM) injections for the recurrent granulomatous epulis and assessed the complications...
February 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160054/a-simple-method-for-international-standardization-of-photographic-documentation-for-aesthetic-plastic-surgery
#19
Seung Chul Rhee
: Due to the lack of internationally standardized, objective, and scientific photographic standardization methods, differences in photographic documents have gravely affected the truth of surgical outcomes by visual misperception or illusion, thus hindering the development of plastic surgery clinically and scholastically. Here I suggest a simple method for standardization of facial photographs. The method consists of an imaginary transverse line (tentatively the "PSA line") rather than the Frankfort horizontal plane and uses a white background with black grids and standard RGB with CMYK circles...
February 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160019/reconstructive-surgery-of-the-amputated-ring-finger
#20
Ricardo Monreal
PURPOSE: Loss of a fourth digit below the level of the proximal phalanx results in a weakened grip, loss of skilled movements, and the amputation stump is repeatedly traumatized. Transposition of an adjacent fifth digital ray can improve hand function and cosmetic appearance by closing the gap created by the missing digit. Digital ray amputation is not a commonly performed procedure. However, when performed correctly it can dramatically improve hand function and cosmesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and aesthetic results of the fifth ray radial translation and intercarpal arthrodesis in mutilating ring finger injuries...
February 3, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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