keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guide block

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035937/ultrasound-detection-of-arteria-comitans-a-novel-technique-to-locate-the-sciatic-nerve
#1
Hesham Elsharkawy, Babak Kateby Kashy, Rovnat Babazade, Andrew T Gray
In the gluteal and thigh region, the arteria comitans accompanies the sciatic nerve for a short distance, then penetrates the nerve and runs to the lower part of the thigh. There is no study that recognizes this artery as a guide to the location of the sciatic nerve. In this report, we describe a series of 6 knee arthroplasty patients in whom ultrasound-guided sciatic nerve block was successfully performed using color Doppler and pulsed wave Doppler to visualize the arteria comitans as a guide to the location of the sciatic nerve...
October 13, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035893/ultrasound-guided-lumbar-plexus-block-in-supine-position
#2
Yong Liu, Xijian Ke, Xi Wu, Wei Mei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034961/a-randomized-trial-of-automated-intermittent-ropivacaine-administration-vs-continuous-infusion-in-an-interscalene-catheter
#3
J Oxlund, A H Clausen, S Venø, M D Nielsen, M Pall, T Strøm, P Toft
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block with ropivacaine as local anesthetic agent given as boluses or continuous infusion is the preferred pain management after major shoulder surgery. The use of automated intermittent boluses has been shown to be superior to continuous infusion in sciatic and epidural nerve block. HYPOTHESIS: Automated intermittent boluses reduce pain after major shoulder surgery. METHODS: Seventy patients aged 18-75 years, scheduled for major shoulder surgery under general anesthesia with interscalene nerve block were included in this randomized controlled trial...
October 16, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034250/the-modification-and-performance-of-a-large-animal-anesthesia-machine-tafonius-%C3%A2-in-order-to-deliver-xenon-to-a-horse
#4
Bruna Santangelo, Astrid Robin, Keith Simpson, Julie Potier, Michel Guichardant, Karine Portier
INTRODUCTION: Xenon, due to its interesting anesthetic properties, could improve the quality of anesthesia protocols in horses despite its high price. This study aimed to modify and test an anesthesia machine capable of delivering xenon to a horse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An equine anesthesia machine (Tafonius, Vetronic Services Ltd., UK) was modified by including a T-connector in the valve block to introduce xenon, so that the xenon was pushed into the machine cylinder by the expired gases...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033727/ultrasound-assessment-of-cranial-spread-during-caudal-blockade-in-children-effect-of-different-volumes-of-local-anesthetic
#5
Chandni Sinha, Amarjeet Kumar, Shalini Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Somak Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Nishant Sahay, Bindey Kumar, U K Bhadani
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided caudal block injection is a simple, safe, and effective method of anesthesia/analgesia in pediatric patients. The volume of caudal drug required has always been a matter of debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This present prospective, randomized, double-blinded study aimed to measure extent of the cranial spread of caudally administered levobupivacaine in Indian children by means of real-time ultrasonography. Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II children scheduled for urogenital surgeries were enrolled in this trial...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033726/ultrasound-guided-multilevel-paravertebral-block-versus-local-anesthesia-for-medical-thoracoscopy
#6
Maha A Abo-Zeid, Mohammad M Elgamal, Asem A Hewidy, Amro A Moawad, Alaa Eldin Adel Elmaddawy
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration for medical thoracoscopy has an analgesic properties for short duration. Single injection thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) provides limited analgesia. PURPOSE: Comparison between thoracic PVB performed at two or three levels with local infiltration for anesthetic adequacy in adult medical thoracoscopy as a primary outcome and postthoracoscopic analgesia and pulmonary function as secondary outcomes for adult medical thoracoscopy...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031933/relevant-models-and-elements-of-integrated-care-for-multi-morbidity-results-of-a-scoping-review
#7
Verena Struckmann, Fenna R M Leijten, Ewout van Ginneken, Markus Kraus, Miriam Reiss, Anne Spranger, Melinde R S Boland, Thomas Czypionka, Reinhard Busse, Maureen Rutten-van Mölken
BACKGROUND: In order to provide adequate care for the growing group of persons with multi-morbidity, innovative integrated care programmes are appearing. The aims of the current scoping review were to i) identify relevant models and elements of integrated care for multi-morbidity and ii) to subsequently identify which of these models and elements are applied in integrated care programmes for multi-morbidity. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted in the following scientific databases: Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, and Web of Science...
October 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031833/structure-based-drug-design-for-envelope-protein-e2-uncovers-a-new-class-of-bovine-viral-diarrhea-inhibitors-that-block-virus-entry
#8
María José Pascual, Fernando Merwaiss, Emilse Leal, María Eugenia Quintana, Alejandra V Capozzo, Claudio N Cavasotto, Mariela Bollini, Diego E Alvarez
Antiviral targeting of virus envelope proteins is an effective strategy for therapeutic intervention of viral infections. Here, we took a computer-guided approach with the aim of identifying new antivirals against the envelope protein E2 of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV). BVDV is an enveloped virus with an RNA genome responsible for major economic losses of the cattle industry worldwide. Based on the crystal structure of the envelope protein E2, we defined a binding site at the interface of the two most distal domains from the virus membrane and pursued a hierarchical docking-based virtual screening search to identify small-molecule ligands of E2...
October 12, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030933/technical-success-of-the-ultrasound-guided-supra-inguinal-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-in-older-children-and-adolescents-for-hip-arthroscopy
#9
Elizabeth Eastburn, Maria A Hernandez, Karen Boretsky
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopic surgery is performed on older pediatric patients. Fascia iliaca compartment block has proven efficacy in providing analgesia following hip surgery and can be performed with target location of local anesthetic below or above the inguinal ligament. The reported success of ultrasound-guided infra-inguinal fascia iliaca compartment block is lower when compared to traditional landmark technique, while the reliability of supra-inguinal fascia iliaca compartment block is unreported...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030460/hmg-coa-reductase-inhibition-delays-dna-repair-and-promotes-senescence-after-tumor-irradiation
#10
Elena V Efimova, Natalia Ricco, Edwardine Labay, Helena J Mauceri, Amy C Flor, Aishwarya Ramamurthy, Harold G Sutton, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Stephen J Kron
Despite significant advances in combinations of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, altered fractionation schedules and image-guided radiotherapy, many cancer patients fail to benefit from radiation. A prevailing hypothesis is that targeting repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) can enhance radiation effects in the tumor and overcome therapeutic resistance without incurring off-target toxicities. Unrepaired DSBs can block cancer cell proliferation, promote cancer cell death and induce cellular senescence. Given the slow progress to date translating novel DSB repair inhibitors as radiosensitizers, we have explored drug repurposing, a proven route to improving speed, costs and success rates of drug development...
October 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029112/diversity-and-regulation-of-intrinsic-%C3%AE-lactamases-from-non-fermenting-and-other-gram-negative-opportunistic-pathogens
#11
Carlos Juan, Gabriel Torrens, Mar González-Nicolau, Antonio Oliver
This review deeply addresses for the first time the diversity, regulation and mechanisms leading to mutational overexpression of intrinsic β-lactamases from non-fermenting and other non-Enterobacteriaceae Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens. After a general overview of the intrinsic β-lactamases described so far in these microorganisms, including circa. 60 species and 100 different enzymes, we review the wide array of regulatory pathways of these β-lactamases. They include diverse LysR-type regulators, which control the expression of β-lactamases from relevant nosocomial pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Stenothrophomonas maltophilia or two-component regulators, with special relevance in Aeromonas spp...
September 22, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028848/the-stability-of-augmented-bone-between-two-different-membranes-used-for-guided-bone-regeneration-simultaneous-with-dental-implant-placement-in-the-esthetic-zone
#12
Sirida Arunjaroensuk, Soontra Panmekiate, Atiphan Pimkhaokham
PURPOSE: This randomized controlled clinical trial compared the stability of augmented bone between a synthetic resorbable membrane and a collagen resorbable membrane with guided bone regeneration (GBR) simultaneous with dental implant placement in the esthetic zone in terms of facial bone thickness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 dental implants from patients requiring implant placement with simultaneous GBR in the esthetic zone were equally allocated to the test group or control group by block randomization...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027771/two-different-placement-paths-in-popliteal-fossa-with-a-novel-nerve-block-needle-with-external-indwelling-cannula-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Miao He, Dandan Ling, Guang-Yu Cai, Tian-Xiao Zou, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented that single injection nearby the sciatic nerve bifurcation would influence the anesthesia and analgesia effect. But this is uncertain for preoperative continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block. So we conducted this trial to compare two paths (proximal to the bifurcation and at the bifurcation) of ultrasound guided continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block in foot and ankle surgery. METHODS: 40 recruited objects were randomly assigned to receive ultrasound-guided continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block at the puncture path proximal to the nerve bifurcation either at the nerve bifurcation...
October 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027690/ultrasound-guided-posterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block-a-cadaveric-study
#14
Christopher S Johnson, Rebecca L Johnson, Adam D Niesen, David E Stoike, Wojciech Pawlina
OBJECTIVES: To identify any anatomic barriers to local anesthetic spread between the sciatic nerve (SN) and the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve (PFCN) at the level of the infragluteal crease and to describe a potential technique for an ultrasound (US)-guided subgluteal PFCN block in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Bilateral US-guided subgluteal injections of a colored latex solution were performed around the SN (15 mL) and PFCN (10 mL) in 4 unembalmed cadavers, for a total of 8 cadaver thighs...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026819/the-role-of-dynamic-ultrasound-in-the-immediate-conservative-treatment-of-volar-plate-injuries-of-the-pip-joint-a-series-of-78-patients
#15
Franck Marie Leclère, Lukas Mathys, Bettina Juon, Esther Vögelin
INTRODUCTION: The management of volar plate avulsion fractures in the context of a stable joint and a bony fragment of less than 30% has traditionally been conservative. This study was performed to assess volar plate healing with high-resolution ultrasound in order to provide early full mobilization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2013, 78 patients with volar plate injuries of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints (42 distortions and 36 dislocations) were treated conservatively in our department for volar plate avulsion fracture associated with stable joint and bony fragment inferior to 30% of the intra-articular surface assessed both by radiography and ultrasound...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026201/dual-contribution-of-trpv4-antagonism-in-the-regulatory-effect-of-vasoinhibins-on-blood-retinal-barrier-permeability-diabetic-milieu-makes-a-difference
#16
David Arredondo Zamarripa, Ramsés Noguez Imm, Ana María Bautista Cortés, Osvaldo Vázquez Ruíz, Michela Bernardini, Alessandra Fiorio Pla, Dimitra Gkika, Natalia Prevarskaya, Fernando López-Casillas, Wolfgang Liedtke, Carmen Clapp, Stéphanie Thébault
Breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB), as occurs in diabetic retinopathy and other chronic retinal diseases, results in vasogenic edema and neural tissue damage, causing vision loss. Vasoinhibins are N-terminal fragments of prolactin that prevent BRB breakdown during diabetes. They modulate the expression of some transient receptor potential (TRP) family members, yet their role in regulating the TRP vanilloid subtype 4 (TRPV4) remains unknown. TRPV4 is a calcium-permeable channel involved in barrier permeability, which blockade has been shown to prevent and resolve pulmonary edema...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025987/preclinical-development-of-cd38-targeted-89-zr-zr-dfo-daratumumab-for-imaging-multiple-myeloma
#17
Anchal Ghai, Dolonchampa Maji, Michael Rettig, Chantiya Chanswangphuwana, John DiPersio, Walter Akers, Samuel Achilefu, Farrokh Dehdashti, Ravi Vij, Monica Shokeen
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma B-cell hematologic cancer that causes significant skeletal morbidity. Despite improvements in survival, heterogeneity in response remains a major challenge in MM. Cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein over-expressed in myeloma cells and is implicated in MM cell signaling. Daratumumab is US Food and Drug Administration approved high-affinity monoclonal antibody targeting CD38 that is clinically benefiting refractory MM patients. Here, we evaluated [(89)Zr]Zr-DFO-daratumumab positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging in MM tumor models...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025876/mevalonate-5-diphosphate-mediates-atp-binding-to-the-mevalonate-diphosphate-decarboxylase-from-the-bacterial-pathogen-enterococcus-faecalis
#18
Chun-Liang Chen, James C Mermoud, Lake N Paul, Calvin Nicklaus Steussy, Cynthia V Stauffacher
The mevalonate pathway produces isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP), a building block for polyisoprenoid synthesis, and is a crucial pathway for growth of the human bacterial pathogen Enterococcus faecalis. The final enzyme in this pathway, mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase (MDD), acts on mevalonate diphosphate (MVAPP) to produce IPP while consuming ATP. This essential enzyme has been suggested as a therapeutic target for the treatment of drug-resistant bacterial infections. Here we report functional and structural studies on the mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase from E...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025215/regenerative-cells-for-the-management-of-osteoarthritis-and-joint-disorders-a-concise-literature-review
#19
Travis J Block, Jaime R Garza
As the global population ages, the prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) and joint disorders represent a major cause of disability and a significant public health burden. As current approaches for the management of OA focus on slowing the progression of disease, without repairing the underlying damage, novel treatments are necessary to improve outcomes. Over the past decade, autologous cell-based therapies using regenerative cells from fat or bone marrow have become a major focus of research into new approaches for the treatment of osteoarthritis and joint disorders...
July 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016551/pectoral-fascial-pecs-i-and-ii-blocks-as-rescue-analgesia-in-a-patient-undergoing-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#20
Suraj Yalamuri, Rebecca Y Klinger, W Michael Bullock, Donald D Glower, Brandi A Bottiger, Jeffrey C Gadsden
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing minimally invasive cardiac surgery have the potential for significant pain from the thoracotomy site. We report the successful use of pectoral nerve block types I and II (Pecs I and II) as rescue analgesia in a patient undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair. CASE REPORT: In this case, a 78-year-old man, with no history of chronic pain, underwent mitral valve repair via right anterior thoracotomy for severe mitral regurgitation...
October 6, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
keyword
keyword
116807
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"