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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898573/improving-physician-recommendations-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-the-role-of-professional-organizations
#1
Yulin Hswen, Melissa B Gilkey, Barbara K Rimer, Noel T Brewer
BACKGROUND: To address low human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage, the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) have launched national campaigns encouraging physicians to deliver strong HPV vaccine recommendations. We surveyed family physicians and pediatricians to examine the impact of these efforts on physicians' recommendation practices. METHODS: A national sample of family physicians and pediatricians (n = 776) completed our online survey in 2014...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898422/national-evidence-in-israel-supporting-reevaluation-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylactic-guidelines
#2
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently narrowed the indications for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, while in Israel the guidelines have not changed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and severity of RSV infection among preterm infants born earlier than 340/7 weeks of gestation (PI), late preterm infants born at 340/7-366/7 weeks (LPTI), and term infants born after 370/7 weeks of gestation (TI) and to determine whether the results support a change in local policy...
November 30, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893279/american-alcohol-photo-stimuli-aaps-a-standardized-set-of-alcohol-and-matched-non-alcohol-images
#3
Christopher S Stauffer, Lily Dobberteen, Joshua D Woolley
BACKGROUND: Photographic stimuli are commonly used to assess cue reactivity in the research and treatment of alcohol use disorder. The stimuli used are often non-standardized, not properly validated, and poorly controlled. There are no previously published, validated, American-relevant sets of alcohol images created in a standardized fashion. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to: 1) make available a standardized, matched set of photographic alcohol and non-alcohol beverage stimuli, 2) establish face validity, the extent to which the stimuli are subjectively viewed as what they are purported to be, and 3) establish construct validity, the degree to which a test measures what it claims to be measuring...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890783/the-proline-glycine-rich-region-of-the-biofilm-adhesion-protein-aap-forms-an-extended-stalk-that-resists-compaction
#4
Alexander E Yarawsky, Lance R English, Steven T Whitten, Andrew B Herr
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the primary bacterial species responsible for healthcare-associated infections. The most significant virulence factor for S. epidermidis is its ability to form a biofilm, which renders the bacteria highly resistant to host immune responses and antibiotic action. Intercellular adhesion within the biofilm is mediated by the accumulation-associated protein (Aap), a cell wall-anchored protein that self-assembles in a zinc-dependent manner. The C-terminal portion of Aap contains a proline/glycine-rich, 135 amino acid-long region that has not yet been characterized...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887699/an-improved-method-for-the-analysis-of-2-aminoacetophenone-in-wine-based-on-headspace-solid-phase-microextraction-and-heart-cut-multidimensional-gas-chromatography-with-selective-detection-by-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#5
Hans-Georg Schmarr, Jutta Keiser, Susann Krautwald
Heart-cut multidimensional gas chromatography coupled to selective mass spectrometric detection (H/C MDGC-MS-MS) was shown to be a suitable combination for analysis of the key component for the wine off-flavor named "atypical aging off-flavor" (german: "Untypische Alterungsnote", UTA), 2-aminoacetophenone (2-AAP). Headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was applied as an easy to automate sample preparation step suiting routine control situations. During method development two critical aspects were found, of which one is the chemical degradation of the neat substance, leading to signal reduction and a false response behavior...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883906/infant-food-applications-of-complex-carbohydrates-structure-synthesis-and-function
#6
Dorothy L Ackerman, Kelly M Craft, Steven D Townsend
Professional health bodies such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recommend breast milk as the sole source of food during the first year of life. This position recognizes human milk as being uniquely suited for infant nutrition. Nonetheless, most neonates in the West are fed alternatives by 6 months of age. Although inferior to human milk in most aspects, infant formulas are able to promote effective growth and development...
November 11, 2016: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872164/functional-consequences-of-b-repeat-sequence-variation-in-the-staphylococcal-biofilm-protein-aap-deciphering-the-assembly-code
#7
Catherine L Shelton, Deborah G Conrady, Andrew B Herr
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic pathogen that can form robust biofilms that render the bacteria resistant to antibiotic action and immune responses. Intercellular adhesion in S. epidermidis biofilms is mediated by the cell wall-associated Accumulation-Associated Protein (Aap), via zinc-mediated self-assembly of its B-repeat region. This region contains up to 17 nearly-identical sequence repeats, with each repeat assumed to be functionally equivalent. However, Aap B-repeats exist as two subtypes, defined by a cluster of consensus or variant amino acids...
November 21, 2016: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871126/metagenomic-analysis-reveals-unusually-high-incidence-of-proteorhodopsin-genes-in-the-ultraoligotrophic-eastern-mediterranean-sea
#8
Vadim Dubinsky, Markus Haber, Ilia Burgsdorf, Kumar Saurav, Yoav Lehahn, Assaf Malik, Daniel Sher, Dikla Aharonovich, Laura Steindler
Sunlight can be directly harvested by photoheterotrophic bacteria to create a pH gradient across the membrane, which can then be utilized to produce ATP. Despite the potential importance of this trophic strategy, when and where such organisms are found in the seas and oceans is poorly described. Here, we describe the abundance and taxonomy of bacteria with different trophic strategies (heterotrophs, phototrophs and photoheterotrophs) in contrasting water masses of the ultra-oligotrophic eastern Mediterranean Sea...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867778/aaps-and-psrc-2016-abstract-supplement
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867776/abstract-prs-aaps-oral-proofs-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867774/abstract-prs-aaps-poster-proofs-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864224/infection-by-rhodococcus-fascians-maintains-cotyledons-as-a-sink-tissue-for-the-pathogen
#12
Pragatheswari Dhandapani, Jiancheng Song, Ondrej Novak, Paula E Jameson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pisum sativum L. (pea) seed is a source of carbohydrate and protein for the developing plant. By studying pea seeds inoculated by the cytokinin-producing bacterium, Rhodococcus fascians, we sought to determine the impact of both an epiphytic (avirulent) strain and a pathogenic strain on source-sink activity within the cotyledons during and following germination. METHODS: Bacterial spread was monitored microscopically, and real-time reverse transcription-quantitative PCR was used to determine the expression of cytokinin biosynthesis, degradation and response regulator gene family members, along with expression of family members of SWEET, SUT, CWINV and AAP genes - gene families identified initially in pea by transcriptomic analysis...
November 17, 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853426/a-reaction-time-experiment-on-adult-attachment-the-development-of-a-measure-for-neurophysiological-settings
#13
Theresia Wichmann, Anna Buchheim, Hans Menning, Ingmar Schenk, Carol George, Dan Pokorny
In the last few decades, there has been an increase of experimental research on automatic unconscious processes concerning the evaluation of the self and others. Previous research investigated implicit aspects of romantic attachment using self-report measures as explicit instruments for assessing attachment style. There is a lack of experimental procedures feasible for neurobiological settings. We developed a reaction time (RT) experiment using a narrative attachment measure with an implicit nature and were interested to capture automatic processes, when the individuals' attachment system is activated...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852862/adeno-associated-virus-assembly-activating-protein-is-not-an-essential-requirement-for-capsid-assembly-of-aav-serotypes-4-5-and-11
#14
Lauriel F Earley, John M Powers, Kei Adachi, Joshua T Baumgart, Nancy L Meyer, Qing Xie, Michael S Chapman, Hiroyuki Nakai
: Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors have made great progress in their use for gene therapy; however, fundamental aspects of AAV's capsid assembly remain poorly characterized. In this regard, the discovery of assembly-activating protein (AAP) sheds new light on this crucial part of AAV biology and vector production. Previous studies have shown AAP to be essential for assembly; however, how its mechanistic roles in assembly might differ among AAV serotypes remains uncharacterized. Here, we show that biological properties of AAPs and capsid assembly processes are surprisingly distinct among the AAV serotypes 1 to 12...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826565/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-acute-abdominal-pain-in-a-large-urban-emergency-department-retrospective-analysis-of-5-340-cases
#15
Gianfranco Cervellin, Riccardo Mora, Andrea Ticinesi, Tiziana Meschi, Ivan Comelli, Fausto Catena, Giuseppe Lippi
BACKGROUND: Acute abdominal pain (AAP) accounts for 7-10% of all Emergency Department (ED) visits. Nevertheless, the epidemiology of AAP in the ED is scarcely known. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology and the outcomes of AAP in an adult population admitted to an urban ED. METHODS: We made a retrospective analysis of all records of ED visits for AAP during the year 2014. All the patients with repeated ED admissions for AAP within 5 and 30 days were scrutinized...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818149/scientific-impact-of-presentations-from-the-euraps-and-the-aaps-meetings-a-10-year-review
#16
Hoda Khorasani, Mats HĂžjbjerg Lassen, William Kuzon, Christian Bonde
INTRODUCTION: Presentation at scientific meetings is the usual first step to communicate new research findings. However, without subsequent, peer-reviewed publication, the wider propagation and the permanent documentation of important scholarly work may be lost. Our aim was to analyze and compare the publication status of the work presented at the European Association of Plastic Surgeons' (EURAPS) and at the American Association of Plastic Surgeons' (AAPS) annual meetings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By using the abstract booklets from the annual meetings, all presentations given over a 10-year period (2000-2009) were analyzed...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812032/direct-evidence-for-the-semipersistent-transmission-of-cucurbit-chlorotic-yellows-virus-by-a-whitefly-vector
#17
Jingjing Li, Xiangzhi Liang, Xueli Wang, Yan Shi, Qinsheng Gu, Yen-Wen Kuo, Bryce W Falk, Fengming Yan
Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) is an emerging plant virus, and is now spreading and causing severe economic losses to cucurbit crops in many Asian countries. CCYV is believed to be transmitted specifically by the sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, in a semipersistent manner. In the present study, we provide direct evidence for the semipersistent transmission of CCYV by Mediterranean (MED) cryptic species of B. tabaci complex. We investigated CCYV transmission characteristics, and immunofluorescently labeled and localized the virus retention site within the vector by laser confocal microscopy...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809284/compliance-of-parenting-magazines-advertisements-with-american-academy-of-pediatrics-recommendations
#18
Michael B Pitt, Jennifer N Berger, Karen M Sheehan
This study examined 3218 advertisements from the two parenting magazines with highest circulation in the United States. The authors compared each advertisement for a product for use by children, against all the published recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on topics such as toy safety, helmet use, age-defined choking hazards, infant sleep safety, and others. Any advertisement with images or products which went against a published AAP recommendation was deemed as non-adherence and was categorized according to the statement it contradicted...
November 1, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806978/new-body-composition-reference-charts-for-preterm-infants
#19
Ellen W Demerath, William Johnson, Bridget A Davern, Christina G Anderson, Jeffrey S Shenberger, Sonya Misra, Sara E Ramel
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that nutritional management of the preterm infant should aim to achieve body composition that replicates the in utero fetus, but intrauterine body composition reference charts for preterm infants are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to create body composition reference curves for preterm infants that approximate the body composition of the in utero fetus from 30 to 36 wk of gestation. DESIGN: A total of 223 ethnically diverse infants born at 30 + 0 to 36 + 6 wk of gestation were enrolled...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805923/immunization-status-of-nicu-graduates-at-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital
#20
Janelle L B Macintosh, Leslie J Huggins, Lacey M Eden, Katreena Collette Merrill, Karlen E Beth Luthy
BACKGROUND: Approximately 500,000 infants are born prematurely each year in the United States. Immunization of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) set a precedence for future immunizations. PURPOSES: The objectives of this study were to determine the current rates of immunization and identify variables associated with immunizations of NICU graduates who were aged 60 days or older at time of discharge. METHODS: This descriptive pilot study utilized retrospective paper medical record review in one tertiary children's hospital...
November 1, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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