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Mini Dental Implant

Ali G Alhalabi, Salah Mahaini, Ghalia Shebib, Khaldoun Darwich, Luai Mahaini
Malocclusions with anterior crossbite are a major esthetic and functional concern for patients. This case report presents a 27-year-old Syrian female who was diagnosed with a class 3 malocclusion, combined with anterior crossbite, deep bite, concave profile, and inadequate maxillary incisor exposure. There was a centric occlusion (CO)/centric relation (CR) discrepancy and the mandible could be manipulated to near edge-to-edge incisal relation. Correction was done by class 3 intermaxillary elastics on upper and lower mini-implants for the first 6 months, followed by preadjusted edgewise appliance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
W Aunmeungtong, P Khongkhunthian, P Rungsiyakull
: Finite Element Analysis (FEA) has been used for prediction of stress and strain between dental implant components and bone in the implant design process. PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to characterize and analyze stress and strain distribution occurring in bone and implants and to compare stress and strain of three different implant designs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three different mini dental implant designs were included in this study: 1...
October 2016: Oral & Implantology
Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos, Fellippo Ramos Verri, Victor Eduardo de Souza Batista, Joel Ferreira Santiago Júnior, Caroline Cantieri Mello, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the use of mini implants to retain complete overdentures in terms of survival rates of mini implants, marginal bone loss, satisfaction, and quality of life. DATA: This report followed the PRISMA Statement and PICO question. This review has been registered at PROSPERO under the number CRD42016036141. SOURCE: Two independent reviewers performed a comprehensive search of studies published until September 2016 and listed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and The Cochrane Library databases...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Fernando Pedrin Carvalho Ferreira, Anderson Paulo Barbosa Lima, Eliana de Cássia Molina de Paula, Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Danilo Pinelli Valarelli, Renata Rodrigues de Almeida-Pedrin
Improving facial and dental appearance and social interaction are the main factors for special needs (SN) patients to seek orthodontic treatment. The cooperation of SN patients and their parents is crucial for treatment success. Objective. To show through a case report the satisfactory results, both functional and esthetic, in patients with intellectual disability, congenital nystagmus, and severe scoliosis. Materials Used. Pendulum device with mini-implants as anchorage unit. Results. Improvement of facial and dental esthetics, correction of Class II malocclusion, and no root resorption shown in the radiographic follow-up...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Weerapan Aunmeungtong, Thongnard Kumchai, Frank P Strietzel, Peter A Reichart, Pathawee Khongkhunthian
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-retained overdentures have been chosen as the treatment of choice for complete mandibular removable dentures. Dental implants, such as mini dental implants, and components for retaining overdentures, are commercially available. However, comparative clinical studies comparing mini dental implants and conventional dental implants using different attachment for implant-retained overdentures have not been well documented. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of using two mini dental implants with Equator(®) attachments, four mini dental implants with Equator attachments, or two conventional dental implants with ball attachments, by means of a randomized clinical trial...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Yanhua Xu, Jiye Xie
OBJECTIVE: To compare the treatment effects of mini-implants as anchor units with conventional methods of anchorage reinforcement in maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion patients in terms of skeletal, dental, and soft tissue changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the databases of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, OVIDSP, CBM, VIP, WanFang Data, and CNKI covering December 1966 to March 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials that compared the treatment effects of mini-implants with conventional anchorage reinforcement in maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion patients...
September 29, 2016: Angle Orthodontist
Sonay Temizel, Friedhelm Heinemann, Cornelius Dirk, Christoph Bourauel, Istabrak Hasan
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Conventional dental implants are not applicable in the mandibular interforaminal region if bone volume is limited. Mini-dental implants offer an alternative means of supporting mandibular overdentures in a narrow residual ridge, without additional surgery. PURPOSE: The purpose of this nonrandomized clinical trial was to compare the ability of mini-dental implants with that of conventional dental implants in supporting mandibular overdentures during a 2-year clinical follow-up...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Anna Gabriella Camacho Presotto, Cláudia Lopes Brilhante Bhering, Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, Valentim Adelino Ricardo Barão
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Several studies have shown the superiority of computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology compared with conventional casting. However, an advanced technology exists for casting procedures (the overcasting technique), which may serve as an acceptable and affordable alternative to CAD-CAM technology for fabricating 3-unit implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate, using quantitative photoelastic analysis, the effect of the prosthetic framework fabrication method (CAD-CAM and overcasting) on the marginal fit and stress transmitted to implants...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Kostas Zygogiannis, Daniel Wismeijer, Azin Parsa
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of immediately loaded mini dental implants (MDIs) used to support mandibular overdentures on the peri-implant bone level as well as patients' related levels of satisfaction and quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four MDIs were placed in the interforaminal region of 10 completely edentulous patients, and the implants were loaded immediately (same day) with an overdenture. Radiographic assessment of the bone loss during a period of 18 months was performed by measuring the bone level changes at the mesial and distal aspects of each implant on panoramic radiographs...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Manabu Kanazawa, Jocelyne Feine, Shahrokh Esfandiari
This article describes the flapless placement of mini-dental implants (MDI) to retain mandibular overdentures. Clinical inclusion/exclusion criteria and clinical protocols for the flapless placement of MDIs and for retrofitting the overdenture are presented. A minimum bone height of 13 mm and a minimal flap are recommended. After drilling, the 4 implants are placed with a self-tapping process. A minimum of 15 Ncm of resistance upon final insertion indicates that immediate loading can be performed. The metal housings with O-rings are incorporated into the prosthesis using autopolymerizing resin...
January 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Torsten Mundt, Ahmad Al Jaghsi, Bernd Schwahn, Janina Hilgert, Christian Lucas, Reiner Biffar, Christian Schwahn, Friedhelm Heinemann
BACKGROUND: Acceptable short-term survival rates (>90 %) of mini-implants (diameter < 3.0 mm) are only documented for mandibular overdentures. Sound data for mini-implants as strategic abutments for a better retention of partial removable dental prosthesis (PRDP) are not available. METHODS/DESIGN: The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that immediately loaded mini-implants show more bone loss and less success than strategic mini-implants with delayed loading...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Zoran Vlahović, Aleksa Marković, Zoran Lazić, Miodrag Šćepanović, Ana Đinić, Milena Kalanović
AIM: To evaluate by histopathological analysis the peri-implant bone inflammation degree, in certain time intervals (7, 14, 21 and 28 days), following mini-incision flapless and flap implant placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The experiment was conducted on four domestic pigs. Nine weeks prior to implant insertion, second and third mandibular premolars were extracted. Each animal received six implants in lower jaw. On one randomly chosen side of jaw flapless technique using mini-incision was performed, while on the other side implants were inserted after flap raising...
July 8, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Yu A Medvedev, P S Petruk, L S Shamanaeva, V A Volkova, A R Davidov
The aim of this study was to improve the efficiency of surgical treatment of patients with fractures involving zygomatico-orbital complex and maxillary sinus through the use of Foley catheter. 352 patients with fractures of the middle third of the facial skeleton were treated at the Departments of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery in Novokuznetsk Institute and I.M. Sechenov First MSMU. All patients underwent open reduction and osteosynthesis using extramedullary titanium mini-plates and NiTi mini-clamps. In the cases with large bone defects additional reconstructive techniques were used such as replantation of bone fragments and endoprosthesis with NiTi implants...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Guilherme Marigo, Carlos Nelson Elias, Marcelo Marigo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the design and surface morphology of 2 brands of mini-implants before and after 12 to 18 months of clinical use. METHODS: We studied 22 mini-implants sold in the Brazilian market by 2 companies (Forestadent, Pforzheim, Germany; and Dental Morelli, Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brazil). The surface morphology of the mini-implants was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy before and after insertion in the oral environment to aid orthodontic movement...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Adauê Oliveira, Cássia Amaral
This work aimed to evaluate an alternative form of maxillary expansion anchored with mini-implants. A patient 12 years, class III in permanent canine teeth, with multiple agenesis of upper posterior teeth was treated with the aid of four mini-implants in the palate and Haas modified type appliance. During the period of expansion, an interincisal diastema was observed as the first clinical sign of disjunction of the sutures. After correction of cross bite, the expansion of the palate was confirmed by upper occlusal radiographs...
2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Naif N Almasoud, Nagaraju Tanneru, Hesham F Marei
OBJECTIVES: To assess the bone density in maxilla and mandible in dentate and edentulous patients in Saudi population. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective analysis of cone beam CT images of 100 patients (50 male and 50 female) who have come to College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2014 and 2015. Using the bone density option in the Simplant software, the Hounsfield unit (HU) was calculated at the edentulous sites...
June 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
M M Figliuzzi, A Giudice, S Pileggi, D Pacifico, M Marrelli, M Tatullo, L Fortunato
The reported clinical case describes the surgical procedure of ridge augmentation by using a "split crest" technique with a partial thickness flap and a subsequent implant-prosthetic rehabilitation aimed at treating a bilateral agenesis of the upper lateral incisors. In such cases with vestibule-palatal and mesial-distal scarce bone thicknesses associated with the need of a proper functional and aesthetic rehabilitation, the split crest technique is particularly suitable. In the case we reported, because of the poor bone thicknesses, we performed a minimally invasive split crest which allowed a correct insertion of the fixtures...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Pooja Kumari, Mahesh Verma, Vikrant Sainia, Rekha Gupta, Shubhra Gill
With the increasing average life expectancy of human beings, the need to cater geriatric patients is ever increasing. Complete dentures are an indispensable tool in this regard. The loose and unstable lower complete denture owing to residual ridge resorption is one of the most common problems faced by edentulous patients. Dental implant retained overdentures have emerged as an efficient treatment modality for such patients. Though useful, not every patient is a suitable candidate to go for conventional implant-borne prosthesis, limitation being the available bone width...
April 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Istabrak Hasan, Friedhelm Heinemann, Monika Schwegmann, Ludger Keilig, Helmut Stark, Christoph Bourauel
Small diameter (mini) dental implants have become more popular in recent years as alternatives to classical implant treatment in clinical cases with critical bony situations. However, an in-depth scientific analysis of the mechanical and biomechanical effects of small diameter implants has not yet been published. The aim of the present study was to investigate experimentally different commercial mini implants by measuring their displacements under immediate loading. Twelve commercially available mini implants were measured...
April 12, 2016: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Reint Meursinge Reynders, Luisa Ladu, Laura Ronchi, Nicola Di Girolamo, Jan de Lange, Nia Roberts, Annette Plüddemann
BACKGROUND: Most orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) are inserted between dental roots. The prevalence of contacting these structures is high. Such contacts can cause permanent root damage and implant instability. Increased torque levels during implant insertion (the index test) could be a more accurate and immediate measure for diagnosing implant-root contact (the target condition) than radiographs (the reference standard) and could ultimately lead to a reduction or elimination of X-ray exposure...
March 31, 2016: Systematic Reviews
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