keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MDIs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409620/necrotizing-enterocolitis-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-preterm-infants-match-control-study-after-2years
#1
Antje Allendorf, Ruth Dewitz, Joy Weber, Shahrzad Bakthiar, Rolf Schloesser, Udo Rolle
PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight infants is a risk factor for developmental delay. To our knowledge, there are no studies published investigating the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC comparing surgically treated and conservatively treated patients versus match paired controls. The aim of this retrospective case control study was to measure the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC who were treated surgically or conservatively METHODS: All patients were identified, who have been diagnosed with NEC (ICD-10 code, P77) born between 2006 and 2013...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398766/missing-the-unhealthy-examining-empirical-validity-of-material-deprivation-indices-mdis-using-a-partial-criterion-variable
#2
Selcuk Beduk
This study investigates the empirical validity of the material deprivation indices (MDIs) using a partial criterion variable, namely UHCNIR (unmet health care need due to inadequate resources). This alternative approach helps to assess absolute validity (Type I and II errors) and sources of error in the measurement of poverty for a specific aspect of poverty (in this case inability to receive adequate health care due to affordability problems). A simple mismatch analysis identifies a sizable group, around 1% of the adult EU population, missed by MDIs despite being in UHCNIR...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396389/mobile-diabetes-intervention-study-of-patient-engagement-and-impact-on-blood-glucose-mixed-methods-analysis
#3
Charlene Connolly Quinn, Erin C Butler, Krystal K Swasey, Michelle D Shardell, Michael D Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Successful treatment of diabetes includes patient self-management behaviors to prevent or delay complications and comorbid diseases. On the basis of findings from large clinical trials and professional guidelines, diabetes education programs and health providers prescribe daily regimens of glucose monitoring, healthy eating, stress management, medication adherence, and physical activity. Consistent, long-term commitment to regimens is challenging. Mobile health is increasingly being used to assist patients with lifestyle changes and self-management behaviors between provider visits...
February 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383616/assessment-of-snaith-hamilton-pleasure-scale-shaps-the-dimension-of-anhedonia-in-italian-healthy-sample
#4
Iolanda Martino, Gabriella Santangelo, Daniela Moschella, Luana Marino, Rocco Servidio, Antonio Augimeri, Angela Costabile, Giovanni Capoderose, Antonio Cerasa
The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a rapid screening battery created for assessing the presence of anhedonia, namely the inability to experience pleasure. Although, this symptom has widely been investigated in clinical settings, individual differences in anhedonia are also present in healthy population. The aim of present study was to validate the translated Italian version of this test. One thousand six hundred ninety-seven consecutive healthy subjects (55% female) of different ages (age 18-82 years) underwent SHAPS...
January 30, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340354/implant-mandibular-overdentures-retained-by-immediately-loaded-implants-a-1-year-randomized-trial-comparing-patient-based-outcomes-between-mini-dental-implants-and-standard-sized-implants
#5
Kostas Zygogiannis, Irene Ha Aartman, Daniel Wismeijer
PURPOSE: The aim of this 1-year randomized trial was to determine the stability and the magnitude of the effect of converting patients' conventional mandibular dentures to implant overdentures (IODs) on their satisfaction and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The IODs were retained either with two immediately loaded interconnected standard-diameter implants or with four immediately loaded mini dental implants (MDIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty completely edentulous subjects complaining about insufficient retention of their mandibular dentures were randomly assigned to two groups; 25 patients received IODs retained with four MDIs and 25 patients received IODs retained with two standard-sized tissue level (STL) interconnected implants...
January 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287778/structural-evidence-for-a-fatty-acid-independent-myotoxic-mechanism-for-a-phospholipase-a2-like-toxin
#6
Guilherme H M Salvador, Juliana I Dos Santos, Rafael J Borges, Marcos R M Fontes
The myotoxic mechanism for PLA2-like toxins has been proposed recently to be initiated by an allosteric change induced by a fatty acid binding to the protein, leading to the alignment of the membrane docking site (MDoS) and membrane disrupting site (MDiS). Previous structural studies performed by us demonstrated that MjTX-II, a PLA2-like toxin isolated from Bothrops moojeni, presents a different mode of ligand-interaction, with its hydrophobic channels caused by natural amino acid substitutions and an insertion...
December 26, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212836/inhaler-technique-does-age-matter-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Barbara, Vicky Kritikos, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
Poor inhaler technique and inferior asthma outcomes are evident in older adults. Reviews comparing metered dose inhaler (MDI) and dry powder inhaler (DPI) techniques across older adults and younger cohorts are scarce. This systematic review aimed to determine whether differences exist between such cohorts with regards to the number and type of MDI and DPI errors made. A systematic literature search was conducted in Embase, Medline and PubMed from July 1 to December 31, 2016. Studies were selected in accordance with preset inclusion criteria, relevant data were extracted, and quality was assessed with validated checklists...
December 31, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140382/implant-mandibular-overdentures-retained-by-immediately-loaded-implants-a-1-year-randomized-trial-comparing-the-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-between-mini-dental-implants-and-standard-sized-implants
#8
Kostas Zygogiannis, Irene Ha Aartman, Azin Parsa, Ali Tahmaseb, Daniel Wismeijer
PURPOSE: The aim of this 1-year randomized trial was to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic performance of four immediately loaded mini dental implants (MDIs) and two immediately loaded standard-sized tissue-level (STL) implants, placed in the interforaminal region of the mandible and used to retain mandibular overdentures (IODs) in completely edentulous patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 completely edentulous patients wearing conventional maxillary dentures and complaining about insufficient retention of their mandibular dentures were divided into two groups; 25 patients received four MDIs and 25 patients received two STL implants...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937845/pharmacokinetics-of-beclomethasone-dipropionate-delivered-by-breath-actuated-inhaler-and-metered-dose-inhaler-in-healthy-subjects
#9
Calvin J Small, Michael Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Breath-actuated inhalers (BAIs) eliminate the need for hand-breath coordination required of pressurized metered-dose inhalers (MDIs). This pharmacokinetic study compared systemic exposure following beclomethasone dipropionate delivery through BAI versus MDI. METHODS: This open-label, three-period crossover, single-dose study randomized healthy subjects aged 18-45 years (N = 72) to 1 of 6 treatment sequences containing beclomethasone dipropionate BAI 160 mcg (40 mcg/inhalation, 4 inhalations), beclomethasone dipropionate BAI 320 mcg (80 mcg/inhalation, 4 inhalations), and beclomethasone dipropionate MDI 320 mcg (80 mcg/inhalation, 4 inhalations)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902790/impact-of-treatments-on-diabetic-control-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-after-total-pancreatectomy
#10
Maarten R Struyvenberg, Zhi Ven Fong, Camilia R Martin, Jennifer F Tseng, Thomas E Clancy, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Hanna J Tillman, Melena D Bellin, Steven D Freedman
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare the safety, efficacy, and patients' quality of life with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) versus multiple daily injections (MDIs) in type 3c diabetes mellitus (T3cDM) following total pancreatectomy (TP) and pancreatic enzyme usage. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with T3cDM (18 CSII patients vs 21 MDI patients) who underwent TP between 2000 and 2016 at 3 Harvard-affiliated hospitals and the University of Minnesota returned prospectively obtained questionnaires examining quality of life and both endocrine and exocrine pancreatic functions...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880704/sample-size-estimation-for-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-s-in-vitro-population-bioequivalence-test-of-dpis-mdis-nasal-sprays-and-nebules
#11
Anders Fuglsang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868133/achieving-good-adherence-to-inhaled-corticosteroids-after-weighing-canisters-of-asthmatic-children
#12
Wantida Chuenjit, Vorapan Engchuan, Araya Yuenyongviwat, Pasuree Sangsupawanich
Background: The metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) currently available for inhaled corticosteroid delivery do not offer an integrated dose counter; therefore, it is difficult to evaluate adherence of patients. The present authors developed a linear regression equation using canister weight to calculate the number of doses actuated from the MDIs. This study aimed to assess medical adherence after the integration of regular weighing of the canisters into the routine service.  Methods: A cohort study was carried out between May 2013 and April 2014...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816711/multiple-drug-intolerant-hypertension
#13
Andrea E Neculau, Liliana M Rogozea, Oana Andreescu, Loredana Jinga, Eleonora A Dinu, Diana Tint
CLINICAL FEATURES: The term multiple drug intolerance (MDI) is attributed to patients who experience adverse drug reactions to more than 3 different classes of medication without a known immunological mechanism. A special attention should be given to multiple drug-intolerant hypertension (MDI-HTN) that is a cause of drop out from treatment and consequent poor blood pressure control. Patients with MDIs account for 2%-5% of all population. The patient we present is a 63-year-old man with third-degree hypertension identified with intolerance to drugs from 4 major classes of antihypertensive medication...
September 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774201/patterns-of-use-of-dry-powder-inhalers-versus-pressurized-metered-dose-inhalers-devices-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-or-asthma-an-observational-comparative-study
#14
Wijdan H Ramadan, Aline T Sarkis
Numerous patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma do not use inhaler devices properly, which can contribute to poor disease control. The objective of this study is to assess the technical and safety use of dry powder inhalers (DPIs) versus pressurized metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) in adult patients with COPD or asthma in Lebanon. A concurrent, prospective comparative observational study was conducted at one hospital and 15 community pharmacies in Lebanon. Over a period of 18 months, 246 questionnaires were filled...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720336/baseline-symptom-score-impact-on-benefits-of-glycopyrrolate-formoterol-metered-dose-inhaler-in-copd
#15
Fernando J Martinez, Leonardo M Fabbri, Gary T Ferguson, Chad Orevillo, Patrick Darken, Ubaldo J Martin, Colin Reisner
BACKGROUND: The clinical severity of COPD is currently categorized by symptom burden and exacerbation risk. Previous 24-week phase III trials (NCT01854645 and NCT01854658) that demonstrated better improvement of lung function with glycopyrrolate/formoterol fumarate (GFF) metered dose inhaler (MDI) (an MDI fixed-dose of GFF 18/9.6 μg) over individual monocomponent MDIs included a cross-section of patients with moderate to very severe airflow limitation and a broad range of COPD symptoms...
July 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656566/in-vitro-comparison-of-two-titanium-dental-implant-surface-treatments-3m%C3%A2-espe%C3%A2-mdis-versus-ankylos%C3%A2
#16
Jagjit Singh Dhaliwal, Juliana Marulanda, Jingjing Li, Sharifa Alebrahim, Jocelyne Sheila Feine, Monzur Murshed
BACKGROUND: An ideal implant should have a surface that is conducive to osseointegration. In vitro cell culture studies using disks made of same materials and surface as of implants may provide useful information on the events occurring at the implant-tissue interface. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that there is no difference in the proliferation and differentiation capacities of osteoblastic cells when cultured on titanium disks mimicking the surface of 3M™ESPE™ MDIs or standard (Ankylos®) implants...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627505/monitoring-alert-and-drowsy-states-by-modeling-eeg-source-nonstationarity
#17
Sheng-Hsiou Hsu, Tzyy-Ping Jung
OBJECTIVE: As a human brain performs various cognitive functions within ever-changing environments, states of the brain characterized by recorded brain activities such as electroencephalogram (EEG) are inevitably nonstationary. The challenges of analyzing the nonstationary EEG signals include finding neurocognitive sources that underlie different brain states and using EEG data to quantitatively assess the state changes. APPROACH: This study hypothesizes that brain activities under different states, e...
October 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625664/effects-of-different-numbers-of-mini-dental-implants-on-alveolar-ridge-strain-distribution-under-mandibular-implant-retained-overdentures
#18
Pongsakorn Warin, Pimduen Rungsiyakull, Chaiy Rungsiyakull, Pathawee Khongkhunthian
PURPOSE: To investigate the strains around mini-dental implants (MDIs) and retromolar edentulous areas when using different numbers of MDIs in order to retain mandibular overdentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different prosthetic situations were fabricated on an edentulous mandibular model including a complete denture (CD), and three overdentures, retained by four, three or two MDIs in the interforaminal region with retentive attachments. A static load of 200N was applied on the posterior teeth of the dentures under bilateral or unilateral loading conditions...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593514/influence-of-formulation-factors-on-the-aerosol-performance-of-suspension-and-solution-metered-dose-inhalers-a-systematic-approach
#19
Poonam Sheth, Dennis Sandell, Denise S Conti, Jay T Holt, Anthony J Hickey, Bhawana Saluja
Metered dose inhalers (MDIs) are complex drug-device combination products widely used to treat pulmonary disorders. The efficacy, driven by aerosol performance of the products, depends on a multitude of factors including, but not limited to, the physicochemical properties of drug and nature and amount of excipient(s). Under the quality by design (QbD) paradigm, systematic investigations are necessary to understand how changes in critical quality attributes (CQAs) of formulation, device, and manufacturing process influence key product performance parameters, such as delivered dose (DD) and fine particle dose (FPD)...
June 7, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560037/instant-velocity-and-consistency-of-emitted-cloud-change-by-the-different-levels-of-canister-filling-with-metered-dose-inhalers-mdis-but-not-with-soft-mist-inhalers-smis-a%C3%A2-bench-study
#20
Roberto W Dal Negro, Pietro Longo, Orestepaolo Villanis Ziani, Luca Bonadiman, Paola Turco
BACKGROUND: Inhalation is the preferred route for respiratory drug delivery, but several factors contribute to the variability of the respirable dose fraction. Instant velocity and the dynamic characteristics of the droplet cloud represent crucial factors. Aim was to measure and compare the instant velocity and the consistency of emitted cloud from five different MDIs (A - Salbutamol sulphate 100mcg, GSK; B - Salbutamol sulphate 100mcg, Valeas; C - Salmeterol xinafoate/Fluticasone propionate 25/125mcg, GSK; D - Formoterol fumarate/Bechlomethasone propionate 6/100mcg, Chiesi; E - Formoterol fumarate/Fluticasone dipropionate 5/125mcg, Mundipharma) and one SMI (Tiotropium bromide 5mcg, Boehringer Ingelheim), at different distance from the nozzle and canister filling...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
keyword
keyword
116786
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"