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Cranial electrotherapy stimulator

Neil E O'Connell, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H DeSouza, Benedict M Wand
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in 2010, Issue 9, and last updated in 2014, Issue 4. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques aim to induce an electrical stimulation of the brain in an attempt to reduce chronic pain by directly altering brain activity. They include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) and reduced impedance non-invasive cortical electrostimulation (RINCE)...
March 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
R Gregory Lande, Cynthia T Gragnani
Objective: To explore brain wave changes associated with cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) among subjects receiving psychiatric care. Methods: Quantitative electroencephalogram data were obtained before and after a 20-minute session of CES. The investigators recruited active-duty military subjects from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center's Psychiatry Continuity Service, Bethesda, Maryland. Fifty subjects participated in this prospective, convenience sample study from August 2016 through March 2017...
January 18, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Marom Bikson, Bhaskar Paneri, Andoni Mourdoukoutas, Zeinab Esmaeilpour, Bashar W Badran, Robin Azzam, Devin Adair, Abhishek Datta, Xiao Hui Fang, Brett Wingeier, Daniel Chao, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, Kiwon Lee, Helena Knotkova, Adam J Woods, David Hagedorn, Doug Jeffery, James Giordano, William J Tyler
We present device standards for low-power non-invasive electrical brain stimulation devices classified as limited output transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). Emerging applications of limited output tES to modulate brain function span techniques to stimulate brain or nerve structures, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS), have engendered discussion on how access to technology should be regulated...
January 2018: Brain Stimulation
Sriram Yennurajalingam, Duck-Hee Kang, Wen-Jen Hwu, Nikhil S Padhye, Charles Masino, Seyedeh S Dibaj, Diane D Liu, Janet L Williams, Zhanni Lu, Eduardo Bruera
CONTEXT: Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) is a safe modulation of brain activity for treating depression, anxiety, insomnia, and pain. However, there are no published studies in patients with advanced cancer (ACP). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a 4-week CES intervention on depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and pain scores. Concurrent salivary biomarker studies were conducted. METHODS: In this one group open label pre- and post-intervention study with a 4-week CES intervention, ACP's with one or more of four moderate intensity (≥3/10) ESAS symptoms (depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and pain) were eligible...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Yu-Jhen Huang, Hsien-Yuan Lane, Chieh-Hsin Lin
Major depressive disorder is a severe and complex mental disorder. Impaired neurotransmission and disrupted signalling pathways may influence neuroplasticity, which is involved in the brain dysfunction in depression. Traditional neurobiological theories of depression, such as monoamine hypothesis, cannot fully explain the whole picture of depressive disorders. In this review, we discussed new treatment directions of depression, including modulation of glutamatergic system and noninvasive brain stimulation. Dysfunction of glutamatergic neurotransmission plays an important role in the pathophysiology of depression...
2017: Neural Plasticity
Christina Murphey, Patricia Carter, Larry R Price, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Francine Nichols
Psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in this study, can occur following the birth of a baby as new mothers, in addition to marked physiological changes, are faced with adapting to new roles and responsibilities. We investigated the cooccurrence of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia in mothers during the postpartum period; tested the feasibility of study methods and procedures for use in this population; and identified new mothers interest in using cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) as an intervention for reducing psychological distress...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
Hee-Tae Roh, Wi-Young So
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is reported to aid in relieving symptoms of depression and anxiety, though the mechanism underlying this effect remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response and levels of neurotrophic factors, as well as changes in mood state, in patients undergoing CES therapy. Fifty healthy postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to either a Sham CES group (n = 25) or an Active CES group (n = 25)...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Jean Paul Hare, Leah Hanson Misialek, Katy Palis, Charmin Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Military Medicine
Bing Yan Gong, Hong Mei Ma, Xiao Ying Zang, Si Yuan Wang, Yi Zhang, Nan Jiang, Xi Peng Zhang, Yue Zhao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A large number of studies have shown that function constipation (FC) has an extremely high incidence of mental and psychological disorders. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) was applied to the treatment of psychological disorders such as anxiety and depression. We explored the effects of CES combined with biofeedback therapy (BFT) on the psychological state, clinical symptoms, and anorectal function in patients with FC. METHODS: A total of 74 patients with FC were randomly divided into 2 groups...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Deimante McClure, Samantha C Greenman, Siva Sundeep Koppolu, Maria Varvara, Zimri S Yaseen, Igor I Galynker
This double-blind, sham-controlled study sought to investigate the effectiveness of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) for the treatment of bipolar II depression (BD II). After randomization, the active group participants (n = 7) received 2 mA CES treatment for 20 minutes five days a week for 2 weeks, whereas the sham group (n = 9) had the CES device turned on and off. Symptom non-remitters from both groups received an additional 2 weeks of open-label active treatment. Active CES treatment but not sham treatment was associated with a significant decrease in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores from baseline to the second week (p = 0...
November 2015: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Roger L Waite, Marlene Oscar-Berman, Eric RBraverman, Debmalya Barh, Kenneth Blum
INTRODUCTION: Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is a noninvasive therapy that has been used for decades in the United States to treat anxiety, depression, and insomnia in the general population. The effectiveness of CES has been questioned by many and its use is considered controversial. In this study we are presenting data on one alcoholic patient using a newly engineered device we call Neuro-Electro-Adaptive Therapy 12™ [NEAT12]. This hybrid device utilizes TENS current characteristics yielding CES effects...
2014: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Daniel L Kirsch, Larry R Price, Francine Nichols, Jeffrey A Marksberry, Katherine T Platoni
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is being prescribed for service members and veterans for the treatment of anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), insomnia and depression. The purpose of this study was to examine service members' and veterans' perceptions of the effectiveness and safety of CES treatment. Service members and veterans (N=1,514) who had obtained a CES device through the Department of Defense or Veterans Affairs Medical Center from 2006-2011 were invited to participate in the web based survey via email...
October 2014: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Jianping Qiao, Shenhong Weng, Pengwei Wang, Jun Long, Zhishun Wang
GOAL: The aim of this study was to investigate the normalization of the intrinsic functional activity and connectivity of TS adolescents before and after the cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) with alpha stim device. METHODS: We performed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging on eight adolescents before and after CES with mean age of about nine-years old who had Tourette's syndrome with moderate to severe tics symptom. Independent component analysis (ICA) with hierarchical partner matching method was used to examine the functional connectivity between regions within cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) circuit...
May 2015: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Inga Boldt, Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Martin W G Brinkhof, Rob de Bie, Daniel Joggi, Erik von Elm
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is frequent in persons living with spinal cord injury (SCI). Conventionally, the pain is treated pharmacologically, yet long-term pain medication is often refractory and associated with side effects. Non-pharmacological interventions are frequently advocated, although the benefit and harm profiles of these treatments are not well established, in part because of methodological weaknesses of available studies. OBJECTIVES: To critically appraise and synthesise available research evidence on the effects of non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of chronic neuropathic and nociceptive pain in people living with SCI...
November 28, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
L G Stepanova, T A Tomova, E Yu Prosekina
Physiological and biomedical experiments were performed. We estimated the parameters of tree main levels of physiological systems as a response of an organism to stress. Mechanisms of physiological defense of an organism against stress should be considered systemically. The response of physiological systems of animal organism was modeled by the activation of latent functional reserves by various exposures to stress (abdominal surgery, cranial electrotherapy stimulation, cranial electrotherapy stimulation with simultaneous administration of droperidol, aminazine, vetranquil, and carbacholine)...
September 2014: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Harish C Kavirajan, Kristin Lueck, Kenneth Chuang
BACKGROUND: Depression is a mood disorder with a prevalence of approximately 1% to 3% worldwide, representing the fourth leading cause of disease burden globally. The current standard treatments of psychological therapy and antidepressant medications are not effective for everyone, and psychotropic drugs may be associated with significant adverse effects. Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) treatment, in which a low intensity electrical current is administered through the use of a small, portable electrical device, has been reported to have efficacy in the treatment of depression with minimal adverse effects...
July 8, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Timothy H Barclay, Raymond D Barclay
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental disorders and are usually treated with medication and/or psychotherapy. When anxiety disorders are accompanied with comorbid depression, this further complicates the treatment process. Medication compliance is a common problem due to adverse side effects and new and effective treatments that have minimal side effects are needed for the treatment of anxiety and depression. This study used a randomized, double-blind, sham controlled design to examine the effectiveness of CES as a treatment for anxiety disorders and comorbid depression in a primary care setting...
August 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
Neil E O'Connell, Benedict M Wand, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H Desouza
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in 2010, Issue 9. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques aim to induce an electrical stimulation of the brain in an attempt to reduce chronic pain by directly altering brain activity. They include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and reduced impedance non-invasive cortical electrostimulation (RINCE)...
April 11, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Se-Hwa Lee, Woon-Young Kim, Chang-Hyung Lee, Too-Jae Min, Yoon-Sook Lee, Jae-Hwan Kim, Young-Cheol Park
OBJECTIVES: Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is used as a treatment for depression and anxiety, and as an adjunctive intervention for pain management. This prospective study investigated whether CES could decrease preoperative anxiety, the injection pain of rocuronium, postoperative pain and stress hormone levels. METHODS: Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to two groups, to receive either no pretreatment (control group) or CES pretreatment...
December 2013: Journal of International Medical Research
Raffaele Nardone, Yvonne Höller, Stefan Leis, Peter Höller, Natasha Thon, Aljoscha Thomschewski, Stefan Golaszewski, Francesco Brigo, Eugen Trinka
CONTEXT: Past evidence has shown that invasive and non-invasive brain stimulation may be effective for relieving central pain. OBJECTIVE: To perform a topical review of the literature on brain neurostimulation techniques in patients with chronic neuropathic pain due to traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and to assess the current evidence for their therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed using following terms: "Spinal cord injury", "Neuropathic pain", "Brain stimulation", "Deep brain stimulation" (DBS), "Motor cortex stimulation" (MCS), "Transcranial magnetic stimulation" (TMS), "Transcranial direct current stimulation" (tDCS), "Cranial electrotherapy stimulation" (CES)...
January 2014: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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