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Temporomandibular joint disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530471/structure-function-relationships-of-temporomandibular-retrodiscal-tissue
#1
M C Coombs, J M Petersen, G J Wright, S H Lu, B J Damon, H Yao
It is estimated that 2% to 4% of the US population will seek treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) symptoms, typically occurring with anterior disc displacement. The temporomandibular retrodiscal tissue (RDT) has been postulated to restrict pathologic disc displacement. To elucidate RDT function, understanding regional RDT biomechanics and ultrastructure is required. No prior biomechanical analysis has determined regional variations in RDT properties or associated biomechanical outcomes with regional variations in collagen and elastin organization...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492455/reevaluating-antidepressant-selection-in-patients-with-bruxism-and-temporomandibular-joint-disorder
#2
Royce Rajan, Ye-Ming Sun
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is a broad pain disorder that refers to several conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint of the jaw and the muscles of mastication. As with most pain disorders, a high prevalence of depression and anxiety is associated with TMD. Research has shown that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the first-line drug therapy for major depressive disorder, may not be suitable for TMD patients because SSRIs can induce teeth-grinding, otherwise known as bruxism...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487216/patient-specific-factors-predicting-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopy-a-6-year-retrospective-study
#3
Mattias Ulmner, Carina Kruger-Weiner, Bodil Lund
PURPOSE: Although indications for the surgical treatment of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the choice of treatment are debated, arthroscopy seems generally accepted as a minimally invasive alternative. The objective of this study was to investigate various factors and their possible correlation with an unsuccessful outcome of arthroscopic lysis and lavage in patients diagnosed with chronic closed lock, arthralgia with or without concomitant osteoarthritis of the TMJ, or systemic rheumatologic disease with involvement of the TMJ...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471560/arthroscopy-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-closed-lock
#4
Waseem Abboud, Sahar Nadel, Noam Yarom, Ran Yahalom
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders affect roughly 5% of the population. Chronic closed lock is one of the more common temporomandibular disorders and is characterized by limited mouth opening and various degrees of joint pain and dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of arthroscopic lysis and lavage of the TMJ to treat limited mouth opening in patients suffering from chronic closed lock. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 47 patients with chronic closed lock treated with arthroscopic lysis and lavage...
July 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464982/haplotypes-of-the-rank-and-opg-genes-are-associated-with-chronic-arthralgia-in-individuals-with-and-without-temporomandibular-disorders
#5
L L Bonato, V Quinelato, R Borojevic, A R Vieira, A Modesto, J M Granjeiro, R Tesch, P L Casado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between genetic polymorphisms and the comorbid presence of chronic systemic arthralgia in patients with articular temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Subjects were evaluated for the presence of TMD and asked about the presence of chronic joint pain. Four groups were included in the study: articular TMD and systemic arthralgia (n=85), no articular TMD and systemic arthralgia (n=82), articular TMD and no systemic arthralgia (n=21), no articular TMD and no systemic arthralgia (control, n=72)...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462199/giant-cell-tumor-of-temporomandibular-joint-masquerading-as-temporomandibular-joint-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#6
Jo Ee Sam, Rullyandrianto Pan Nuriman Rachmat, Cri Saiful Jordan Melano, Nasser Abdul Wahab
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of the craniofacial bones has been reported but they are not common. This tumor occurs more often in women than in men and predominantly affects patients around the third to fifth decade of life. GCTs are generally benign but can be locally aggressive as well. We report a case of GCT involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which was initially thought to be temporomandibular disorder (TMD). A 22-year-old female presented with swelling and pain over the right temporal region for 18 months associated with jaw locking and clicking sounds...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462150/development-of-electromyographic-indicators-for-the-diagnosis-of-temporomandibular-disorders-a-protocol-for-an-assessor-blinded-cross-sectional-study
#7
Kwang-Ho Choi, O Sang Kwon, Ui Min Jerng, So Min Lee, Lak-Hyung Kim, Jeeyoun Jung
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive and easy-to-use surface electromyography (EMG) is frequently utilized for the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, few EMG parameters that consider TMDs in addition to the cranio-cervical-mandibular system have been regarded as important in traditional Korean medicine. METHODS: This clinical trial will be conducted as an assessor-blinded cross-sectional study. The participants will be classified based on the Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs Symptom Questionnaire (DC/TMD SQ) and 30 TMD patients and 30 healthy controls will be enrolled...
March 2017: Integr Med Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459248/frontline-temporomandibular-joint-orofacial-pain-therapy-for-every-dental-practice
#8
Lisa Germain, Louis Malcmacher
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint and/or muscles of mastication. TMD may present along with many comorbid pain syndromes such as myofascial pain, headache, and neck and back stiffness with limited range of motion, as well as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. The diagnosis and management of TMD is complex and, many times, multidisciplinary. However, dentists can provide their patients with frontline temporomandibular/orofacial pain therapy with didactic and hands-on training that provides a better understanding and a conservative approach for treatment of TMDs...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458805/the-tongue-mandible-hyoid-system
#9
Giuseppe Messina
The craniocervical-mandibular system works in harmony and allows different functional tasks as the postural control of the cervical region. This system is formed by the temporomandibular joint, the masticatory muscles and ligaments connecting the temporomandibular joint and the cervical region. It has been seen to affect human posture, and many disorders of the temporomandibular joints may affect this functional arrangement. Notwithstanding this system considered as a functional arrangement, may offer various clinical explanations, it does not hold anatomical connections with the posterior region of the cranium, thus it should not be refered to as a craniocervical arrangement...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453000/psychopathologic-profiles-of-tmd-patients-with-different-pain-locations
#10
Alexandros Tournavitis, Dimitrios Tortopidis, Konstantinos Fountoulakis, George Menexes, Petros Koidis
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine whether psychopathologic profile is related to the location of pain in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with myofascial and/or temporomandibular joint pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 painful TMD patients (39 women and 36 men) participated in the study. Participants were divided into three groups (myogenous, arthrogenous, and mixed) using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD) Axis I guidelines for assessment of TMD signs and symptoms...
May 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452718/tinnitus-in-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-is-it-a-specific-somatosensory-tinnitus-subtype
#11
Giuseppe Maria Antonio Algieri, Alessandra Leonardi, Paolo Arangio, Valentino Vellone, Carlo Di Paolo, Piero Cascone
The most significant otologic symptoms, consisting of ear pain, tinnitus, dizziness, hearing loss and auricolar "fullness", generally arise within the auditory system, often are associated with extra auricolar disorders, particularly disorder of the temporo-mandibular joint. In our study we examined a sample of 200 consecutive patients who had experienced severe disabling symptom. The patiens came to maxillofacial specialist assessment for temporomandibular disorder. Each patient was assessed by a detailed anamnestic and clinical temporomandibular joint examination and they are divided into five main groups according classification criteria established by Wilkes; tinnitus and subjective indicators of pain are evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449265/a-pilot-study-of-nocturnal-temporalis-muscle-activity-in-tmd-diagnostic-groups-of-women
#12
Feng Wei, Mark H Van Horn, Matthew C Coombs, Xin She, Theresa S Gonzales, Yoly M Gonzalez, JoAnna M Scott, Laura R Iwasaki, Jeffery C Nickel, Hai Yao
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) incidences are believed to be related to parafunctional behaviors like teeth clenching. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to (i) develop an automated clench-detection algorithm, and (ii) apply the algorithm to test for differences in nocturnal clenching in women with and without TMD. METHODS: Subjects gave informed consent to participate. Adult women were categorized using Diagnostic Criteria for TMD according to presence/absence (+/-) of both TM joint disc placement (DD) and chronic pain (P) into two groups (+DD+P, -DD-P) with 12 subjects each...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440673/mechanisms-of-craniofacial-pain
#13
Juliana Geremias Chichorro, Frank Porreca, Barry Sessle
Aim To provide an overview of mechanisms underlying craniofacial pain; to highlight peripheral and central adaptations that may promote chronification of pain in craniofacial pain states such as migraine and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Background Pain is a common symptom associated with disorders involving craniofacial tissues including the teeth and their supporting structures, the temporomandibular joint and the muscles of the head. Most acute painful craniofacial conditions are easily recognized and well managed, but others, especially those that are chronic (e...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439165/single-injection-technique-prolotherapy-for-hypermobility-disorders-of-tmj-using-25%C3%A2-dextrose-a-clinical-study
#14
S K Majumdar, Shreya Krishna, Aritra Chatterjee, Rajib Chakraborty, Nazrealam Ansari
INTRODUCTION: Hypermobility disorders of the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be treated by both conservative and surgical approaches. Conservative approaches should be considered as first line treatment for such disorders. Prolotherapy with 25 % dextrose being injected into the posterior pericapsular tissues is one such treatment modality with favorable outcomes. AIM: To study the efficacy of single injection of 25 % dextrose in pericapsular tissues in the management of hypermobility joint disorders of TMJ as first line treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437516/a-rare-case-of-misdiagnosed-silent-lung-cancer-with-solitary-metastasis-to-the-temporomandibular-joint-condyle
#15
Luca Guarda-Nardini, Edoardo Stellini, Adolfo Di Fiore, Daniele Manfredini
This article describes the case history of a 59-year-old female patient who sought advice for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and sounds but who was actually diagnosed with a primary lung cancer with metastasis to the TMJ. The patient had a history of TMJ pain and deflection in jaw movement that progressively worsened over a few months and did not improve with the usual standard of care treatment provided by an orofacial pain practitioner. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography (CT) prescribed at a tertiary clinic showed an osteolytic bone mass within the right TMJ condyle...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437513/prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#16
Päivi Jussila, Heikki Kiviahde, Ritva Näpänkangas, Jari Päkkilä, Paula Pesonen, Kirsi Sipilä, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Aune Raustia
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in the 46-year-old cohort subjects from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC 1966). METHODS: Altogether, 1,962 subjects (1,050 women, 912 men) participated in a clinical medical and dental examination and responded to questionnaires in 2012 to 2013. The stomatognathic examination was performed according to a modified protocol of the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD)...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437035/the-association-between-oral-examination-findings-and-the-computed-tomographic-appearance-of-the-equine-temporomandibular-joint
#17
J L Carmalt, H Simhofer, A Bienert-Zeit, J E Rawlinson, C L Waldner
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) forms the junction between the maxilla and mandible. Movement of the jaw and resulting masticatory forces have been extensively studied in the horse; however, less is known about the inter-relationship between this joint and oral and dental pathology. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between specific oral and dental pathologies and anatomical variations of the TMJ imaged with computed tomography (CT) in horses with asymptomatic TMJs...
April 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435374/spatial-analysis-of-mandibular-condyles-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-and-normal-controls-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#18
Natheer Hashim Al-Rawi, Asmaa Tahseen Uthman, Sahar M Sodeify
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to investigate the condylar position and its relation to articular eminence and axial condylar angle in temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) patients and in normal controls using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT temporomandibular joint (TMJ) images of 70 participants (38 males and 32 females, mean age 26.4 years) were analyzed. They were divided into control group (including 35 subjects) and study group (including 35 subjects)...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420009/temporal-summation-and-motor-function-modulation-during-repeated-jaw-movements-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-pain-and-healthy-controls
#19
Yuanxiu Zhang, Sheng Shao, Jinglu Zhang, Lin Wang, Kelun Wang, Peter Svensson
Temporal summation of nociceptive inputs may be an important pathophysiological mechanism in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) pain; however, it remains unknown how natural jaw function relates to underlying pain mechanisms. This study evaluated changes in pain and movement patterns during repeated jaw movements in patients with painful temporomandibular joints (TMJ) compared with healthy controls. Twenty patients with TMD with TMJ pain, and an anterior disk displacement without reduction and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers were included...
March 31, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414608/mechanobehavioral-scores-in-women-with-and-without-tmj-disc-displacement
#20
L R Iwasaki, Y M Gonzalez, Y Liu, H Liu, M Markova, L M Gallo, J C Nickel
Cartilage fatigue may be a factor in the precocious development of degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This cross-sectional study estimated potential for cartilage fatigue via TMJ energy densities (ED) and jaw muscle duty factors (DF), which were combined to calculate mechanobehavioral scores (MBS) in women with (+) and without (-) bilateral TMJ disc displacement (DD). All subjects gave informed consent to participate and were examined using Diagnostic Criteria (DC) for Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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