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vitamin d deficiency in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162121/the-involvement-of-musculoskeletal-system-and-its-influence-on-postural-stability-in-children-and-young-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Ozge Kenis-Coskun, Evrim Karadag-Saygi, Yeliz Bahar-Ozdemir, Yasemin Gokdemir, Bulent Karadag, Onder Kayhan
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) affects the musculoskeletal system via a multifactorial pathway that includes vitamin D deficiency and involvement of respiratory muscles such as intercostals due to recurrent upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Eventual result is the deterioration of musculoskeletal health and posture in CF patients. Postural stability is directly affected by posture and can be compromised in every musculoskeletal problem. The aim of this study is to evaluate musculoskeletal system and postural stability in patients with CF...
November 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143766/assessment-of-micronutrient-status-in-critically-ill-children-challenges-and-opportunities
#2
REVIEW
Duy T Dao, Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Bennet S Cho, Zhilling Li, Mark Puder, Kathleen M Gura
Micronutrients refer to a group of organic vitamins and inorganic trace elements that serve many functions in metabolism. Assessment of micronutrient status in critically ill children is challenging due to many complicating factors, such as evolving metabolic demands, immature organ function, and varying methods of feeding that affect nutritional dietary intake. Determination of micronutrient status, especially in children, usually relies on a combination of biomarkers, with only a few having been established as a gold standard...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142377/serum-vitamin-d-status-and-outcome-in-critically-ill-children
#3
Nazik Aşılıoğlu, Halit Çiǧdem, Muhammed Sükrü Paksu
Background: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone essential for optimal health. Critical illness in children is a major cause of significant health-care utilization and mortality around the world. The association of Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in critically ill adults has been well-studied, in comparison, the importance of Vitamin D in pediatric critical illness has been much less studied. Aim and Objectives: This study aimed to assess Vitamin D status and its determinants in patients admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in North of Turkey...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141752/differences-in-nutritional-and-health-status-in-school-children-from-the-highlands-and-lowlands-of-bolivia
#4
Graciela Terán, Washington Cuna, Froilán Brañez, Kristina E M Persson, Martín E Rottenberg, Susanne Nylén, Celeste Rodriguez
Children in the Bolivian Andes are exposed to endemic infections and meager nourishment, and live under poor hygienic conditions. The prevention of children malnutrition is a priority in many countries including Bolivia. In this study, the health status of schoolchildren in Taraco, a Puna district, at 4,000 meters above sea level (masl) and in Caranavi, at 650 masl in the wealthier subtropical valleys, was compared. The weight, height, and hematological and biochemical parameters in blood, parasites in stool, and clinical information in 120 children from rural Taraco and in 96 from semi-urban Caranavi, both predominantly of Aymara ethnicity, were registered...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137132/maternal-vitamin-d-status-and-the-relationship-with-neonatal-anthropometric-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-results-from-the-seychelles-child-development-nutrition-study
#5
Eamon Laird, Sally W Thurston, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Conrad F Shamlaye, Gary J Myers, Philip W Davidson, Gene E Watson, Emeir M McSorley, Maria S Mulhern, Alison J Yeates, Mary Ward, Helene McNulty, J J Strain
Vitamin D has an important role in early life; however, the optimal vitamin D status during pregnancy is currently unclear. There have been recent calls for pregnant women to maintain circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations >100 nmol/L for health, yet little is known about the long-term potential benefits or safety of achieving such high maternal 25(OH)D concentrations for infant or child health outcomes. We examined maternal vitamin D status and its associations with infant anthropometric and later childhood neurocognitive outcomes in a mother-child cohort in a sun-rich country near the equator (4...
November 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132463/-serum-levels-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-children-with-tic-disorders
#6
Hong-Hua Li, Bing Wang, Ling Shan, Cheng-Xin Wang, Fei-Yong Jia
OBJECTIVE: To examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in children with tic disorders (TD) and to explore the relationship between vitamin D level and TD. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two children who were diagnosed with TD between November 2016 and May 2017 were enrolled as the TD group, including 8 cases of Tourette syndrome, 32 cases of chronic TD, and 92 cases of transient TD. One hundred and forty-four healthy children served as the control group. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from each child...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128760/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-children-with-recurrent-respiratory-infections-with-or-without-immunoglobulin-deficiency
#7
Nel Dąbrowska-Leonik, Ewa Bernatowska, Małgorzata Pac, Wiktor Filipiuk, Jan Mulawka, Barbara Pietrucha, Edyta Heropolitańska-Pliszka, Katarzyna Bernat-Sitarz, Beata Wolska-Kuśnierz, Bożena Mikołuć
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate thevitamin D concentration in patients with recurrent respiratory infections with or without immunoglobulin G, A or M (IgG, IgA, IgM) deficiency, and to find a correlation between the vitamin D concentration and the response to hepatitis B vaccination. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study involved 730 patients with recurrent respiratory infections. The concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), immunoglobulins G, A and M, anti-HBs was determined...
November 9, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125452/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-and-deficiency-among-6-24-month-old-underweight-and-normal-weight-children-living-in-an-urban-slum-of-bangladesh
#8
Am Shamsir Ahmed, Tahmeed Ahmed, Kurt Z Long, Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes, Md Iqbal Hossain, Md Munirul Islam, Mustafa Mahfuz, Sm Abdul Gaffar, Atiya Sharmeen, Rashidul Haque, Richard L Guerrant, William A Petri, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: We quantified the prevalence of vitamin D status in 6-24-month-old underweight and normal-weight children and identified the socio-economic and dietary predictors for status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, baseline data from a nutritional intervention study were analysed. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of being vitamin D deficient or insufficient with the reference being vitamin D sufficient. SETTING: Urban slum area of Mirpur field site, Dhaka, Bangladesh...
July 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123343/multiple-nutritional-deficiencies-in-cerebral-palsy-compounding-physical-and-functional-impairments
#9
P G Hariprasad, K E Elizabeth, Mathew J Valamparampil, D Kalpana, T S Anish
Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to a spectrum of disorders causing physical and intellectual morbidity. Macro and micro nutrient deficiencies often contribute to the subnormal physical and mental capabilities of them. Objectives: To assess the growth, nutritional status, physical and functional ability and quality of life in cerebral palsy children and to determine any relation with their gross motor and functional capabilities. Method: The study was conducted at a Tertiary Care Centre, with the participants in the age group 1-16 years...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119026/thiamine-deficiency-leading-to-refractory-lactic-acidosis-in-a-pediatric-patient
#10
Alicia M Teagarden, Brian D Leland, Courtney M Rowan, Riad Lutfi
Thiamine plays a critical role in energy metabolism. Critically ill children and adults may develop thiamine deficiency with ultimately increased mortality due to potentially irreversible consequences of severe type B lactic acidosis. We report a case of an unvaccinated term neonate with malignant pertussis requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and continuous renal replacement therapy, who developed profound lactic acidosis of unknown etiology. After countless evaluations for likely causes, the patient was ultimately determined to have thiamine deficiency and her acidosis resolved rapidly with vitamin supplementation...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095351/young-child-formula-a-position-paper-by-the-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#11
Iva Hojsak, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
Young child formulae (YCF) are milk-based drinks or plant protein-based formulae intended to partially satisfy the nutritional requirements of young children ages 1 to 3 years. Although widely available on the market, their composition is, however, not strictly regulated and health effects have not been systematically studied. Therefore, the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition (CoN) performed a systematic review of the literature to review the composition of YCF and consider their role in the diet of young children...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092879/eggs-early-in-complementary-feeding-increase-choline-pathway-biomarkers-and-dha-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-ecuador
#12
Lora L Iannotti, Chessa K Lutter, William F Waters, Carlos Andres Gallegos Riofrío, Carla Malo, Gregory Reinhart, Ana Palacios, Celia Karp, Melissa Chapnick, Katherine Cox, Santiago Aguirre, Luis Narvaez, Fernando López, Rohini Sidhu, Pamela Kell, Xuntian Jiang, Hideji Fujiwara, Daniel S Ory, Rebecca Young, Christine P Stewart
Background: Choline status has been associated with stunting among young children. Findings from this study showed that an egg intervention improved linear growth by a length-for-age z score of 0.63.Objective: We aimed to test the efficacy of eggs introduced early in complementary feeding on plasma concentrations of biomarkers in choline pathways, vitamins B-12 and A, and essential fatty acids.Design: A randomized controlled trial, the Lulun ("egg" in Kichwa) Project, was conducted in a rural indigenous population of Ecuador...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063903/iron-and-vitamin-d-levels-among-autism-spectrum-disorders-children
#13
Abdulbari Bener, Azhar O Khattab, Dinesh Bhugra, Georg F Hoffmann
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate iron deficiency anemia and Vitamin D deficiency among autism children and to assess the importance of risk factors (determinants). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted among children suffering from autism at the Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. A total of 308 cases and equal number of controls were enrolled. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic was the instrument used for diagnosis of Autism...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050711/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-patients-with-scoliosis-preparing-for-spinal-surgery
#14
Theresa Mayes, Jennifer M Anadio, Peter F Sturm
BACKGROUND: Establishing prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in elective scoliosis surgery may impact clinical outcomes. The objectives of this study were to document vitamin D status of patients with scoliosis preparing for surgical intervention in order to establish frequency of deficiency and determine characteristics influencing levels. METHODS: Records were queried for patients with scoliosis diagnosis who underwent posterior spinal fusion or initial growing rod placement and had serum vitamin 25 hydroxyvitamin D (D25) recorded in the preoperative period...
November 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044032/-the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-icelandic-children
#15
Thorunn Hannesdottir, Hannes Hrafnkelsson, Erlingur Johannsson, Emil L Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and known cardiometabolic risk factors among healthy Icelandic children as well as study these connections independent of body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We assessed the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, adiposity measured as BMI and 7 cardiometabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and serum insulin)...
September 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037825/vitamin-d-prevents-lipid-accumulation-in-murine-muscle-through-regulation-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-perilipin-2-expression
#16
Jiarong Li, Milton Mihalcioiu, Lifeng Li, Mahvash Zakikhani, Anne Camirand, Richard Kremer
Vitamin D plays an important role in regulation of skeletal muscle tone and contraction. Serum vitamin D status is linked to muscle power and force in adolescent girls, and vitamin D deficiency is associated with myopathies in children and poorer physical performance in the elderly. We previously reported that vitamin D deficiency is linked to a significant increase in muscle fatty infiltration in healthy young women, and studies in patients with neuromuscular disorders also associate muscle weakening and lipid content...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036551/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-and-nigerian-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#17
Samuel A Adegoke, Maria S Figueiredo, Adekunle D Adekile, Josefina A P Braga
Background: Comparative studies of patients in different sociogeographic/ecological zones may unravel potential environmental and nutritional factors influencing disease phenotype. In sickle cell disease (SCD), differential access to comprehensive care may influence their growth and nutritional status. Methods: From June 2015 to February 2016, steady-state nutritional parameters of 109 Brazilian and 95 Nigerian children with SCD attending routine clinic visits at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil and Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife (Ilesa unit), respectively, were compared...
September 28, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029097/impact-of-three-doses-of-vitamin-d3-on-serum-25-oh-d-deficiency-and-insufficiency-in-at-risk-schoolchildren
#18
Jennifer M Sacheck, Maria I Van Rompay, Virginia R Chomitz, Christina D Economos, Misha Eliasziw, Elizabeth Goodman, Catherine M Gordon, Michael F Holick
Objective: We investigated the daily dose of vitamin D needed to achieve serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] sufficiency among schoolchildren at-risk for deficiency. Study Design: The Daily D Health Study was a randomized double-blind vitamin D supplementation trial among racially/ethnically diverse schoolchildren (n=685) in the northeastern U.S. Children were supplemented with vitamin D3 at 600, 1000, or 2000 IU/day for six months. Measurements included serum 25(OH)D at baseline (Oct-Dec), 3 months (Jan-March), 6 months (April-June), and 12 months (6 months post-supplementation)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990433/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-in-chinese-children-with-vitiligo-a-case-control-study
#19
Xianhui Zhang, Wei Wang, Yuanjun Li, Hui Wang, Runtao Liu, Lei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D can play a vital role in autoimmune diseases. Epidemiologic evidence demonstrates vitamin D deficiency excited in adult patients with vitiligo. OBJECTIVES: To investigate 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels in children with vitiligo and explore possible relevant factors. METHODS: A total of 114 patients and 100 controls were included in our case-control study. We analyzed the required data collected by the questionnaire and examination to reveal the correlation with 25(OH)D levels...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977339/glucocorticoid-induced-bone-disease-mechanisms-and-importance-in-pediatric-practice
#20
Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, Verônica Maria Pinho Pessoa Melo
OBJECTIVE: To describe mechanisms by which glucocorticoids cause osteoporosis, with fracture risk, combining this learning with a possible professional behavior change. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search on SciELO, PubMed, Scopus, and Medline databases was carried out for consensus, review articles, including systematic reviews and meta-analysis, which were published in English, between 2000 and 2016. Keywords used on the search were the following: glucocorticoids, fractures, osteoporosis, bone health, vitamin D, children, and adolescents...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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