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Gary weissman

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629986/inclusion-of-unstructured-clinical-text-improves-early-prediction-of-death-or-prolonged-icu-stay
#1
Gary E Weissman, Rebecca A Hubbard, Lyle H Ungar, Michael O Harhay, Casey S Greene, Blanca E Himes, Scott D Halpern
OBJECTIVES: Early prediction of undesired outcomes among newly hospitalized patients could improve patient triage and prompt conversations about patients' goals of care. We evaluated the performance of logistic regression, gradient boosting machine, random forest, and elastic net regression models, with and without unstructured clinical text data, to predict a binary composite outcome of in-hospital death or ICU length of stay greater than or equal to 7 days using data from the first 48 hours of hospitalization...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564608/eliminating-gender-based-bias-in-academic-medicine-more-than-naming-the-elephant-in-the-room
#2
Anna U Morgan, Krisda H Chaiyachati, Gary E Weissman, Joshua M Liao
Gender-based discrimination and bias are widespread in professional settings, including academic medicine. Overt manifestations such as sexual harassment have long been identified but attention is only more recently turning towards subtler forms of bias, including inequity in promotion and compensation. Barriers to progress vary across institutions and include lack of awareness, inadequate training, poor informational transparency, and challenging power dynamics. We propose five solutions that the academic medical community can adopt to not only name, but also address, gender-based bias as the proverbial elephant in the room: definitively identify the systemic nature of the problem, prompt those with influence and power to advance a culture of equity, broadly incorporate evidence-based explicit anti-sexist training, increase transparency of information related to professional development and compensation, and use robust research methods to study the drivers and potential solutions of gender inequity within academic medicine...
March 21, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189575/incomplete-comparisons-between-the-predictive-power-of-data-from-administrative-claims-and-electronic-health-records
#3
Gary E Weissman, Michael Harhay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058448/improving-care-for-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease-using-machine-learning-requires-transparency-and-reproducibility
#4
Gary E Weissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473086/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-stress-fatigue-insufficiency-fracture-including-sacrum-%C3%A2-excluding-other-vertebrae
#5
Jenny T Bencardino, Taylor J Stone, Catherine C Roberts, Marc Appel, Steven J Baccei, R Carter Cassidy, Eric Y Chang, Michael G Fox, Bennett S Greenspan, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Mary G Hochman, Jon A Jacobson, Douglas N Mintz, Gary W Mlady, Joel S Newman, Zehava S Rosenberg, Nehal A Shah, Kirstin M Small, Barbara N Weissman
Stress fractures, including both fatigue and insufficiency types, are frequently encountered in clinical practice as a source of pain in both athletes and patients with predisposing conditions. Radiography is the imaging modality of choice for baseline diagnosis. MRI has greatly improved our ability to diagnose radiographically occult stress fractures. Tc-99m bone scan and CT may also be useful as diagnostic tools. Although fatigue and insufficiency fractures can be self-limited and go onto healing even without diagnosis, there is usually value in initiating prompt therapeutic measures as incomplete stress fractures have the potential of progressing to completion and requiring more invasive treatment or delay in return to activity...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441234/validation-of-an-administrative-definition-of-icu-admission-using-revenue-center-codes
#6
Gary E Weissman, Rebecca A Hubbard, Rachel Kohn, George L Anesi, Scott Manaker, Meeta Prasad Kerlin, Scott D Halpern
OBJECTIVES: Describe the operating characteristics of a proposed set of revenue center codes to correctly identify ICU stays among hospitalized patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. We report the operating characteristics of all ICU-related revenue center codes for intensive and coronary care, excluding nursery, intermediate, and incremental care, to identify ICU stays. We use a classification and regression tree model to further refine identification of ICU stays using administrative data...
August 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424250/unifying-mechanism-for-different-fibrotic-diseases
#7
Gerlinde Wernig, Shih-Yu Chen, Lu Cui, Camille Van Neste, Jonathan M Tsai, Neeraja Kambham, Hannes Vogel, Yaso Natkunam, D Gary Gilliland, Garry Nolan, Irving L Weissman
Fibrotic diseases are not well-understood. They represent a number of different diseases that are characterized by the development of severe organ fibrosis without any obvious cause, such as the devastating diseases idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and scleroderma. These diseases have a poor prognosis comparable with endstage cancer and are uncurable. Given the phenotypic differences, it was assumed that the different fibrotic diseases also have different pathomechanisms. Here, we demonstrate that many endstage fibrotic diseases, including IPF; scleroderma; myelofibrosis; kidney-, pancreas-, and heart-fibrosis; and nonalcoholic steatohepatosis converge in the activation of the AP1 transcription factor c-JUN in the pathologic fibroblasts...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298418/disrupting-the-cd47-sirp%C3%AE-anti-phagocytic-axis-by-a-humanized-anti-cd47-antibody-is-an-efficacious-treatment-for-malignant-pediatric-brain-tumors
#8
Sharareh Gholamin, Siddhartha S Mitra, Abdullah H Feroze, Jie Liu, Suzana A Kahn, Michael Zhang, Rogelio Esparza, Chase Richard, Vijay Ramaswamy, Marc Remke, Anne K Volkmer, Stephen Willingham, Anitha Ponnuswami, Aaron McCarty, Patricia Lovelace, Theresa A Storm, Simone Schubert, Gregor Hutter, Cyndhavi Narayanan, Pauline Chu, Eric H Raabe, Griffith Harsh, Michael D Taylor, Michelle Monje, Yoon-Jae Cho, Ravi Majeti, Jens P Volkmer, Paul G Fisher, Gerald Grant, Gary K Steinberg, Hannes Vogel, Michael Edwards, Irving L Weissman, Samuel H Cheshier
Morbidity and mortality associated with pediatric malignant primary brain tumors remain high in the absence of effective therapies. Macrophage-mediated phagocytosis of tumor cells via blockade of the anti-phagocytic CD47-SIRPα interaction using anti-CD47 antibodies has shown promise in preclinical xenografts of various human malignancies. We demonstrate the effect of a humanized anti-CD47 antibody, Hu5F9-G4, on five aggressive and etiologically distinct pediatric brain tumors: group 3 medulloblastoma (primary and metastatic), atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor, primitive neuroectodermal tumor, pediatric glioblastoma, and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma...
March 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976941/validation-of-administrative-definitions-of-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-across-30-intensive-care-units
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Meeta Prasad Kerlin, Gary E Weissman, Katherine A Wonneberger, Saida Kent, Vanessa Madden, Vincent X Liu, Scott D Halpern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732613/increasing-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-pool-of-the-f508del-allele-of-the-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-leads-to-greater-folding-correction-by-small-molecule-therapeutics
#10
W Joon Chung, Jennifer L Goeckeler-Fried, Viktoria Havasi, Annette Chiang, Steven M Rowe, Zackery E Plyler, Jeong S Hong, Marina Mazur, Gary A Piazza, Adam B Keeton, E Lucile White, Lynn Rasmussen, Allan M Weissman, R Aldrin Denny, Jeffrey L Brodsky, Eric J Sorscher
Small molecules that correct the folding defects and enhance surface localization of the F508del mutation in the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator (CFTR) comprise an important therapeutic strategy for cystic fibrosis lung disease. However, compounds that rescue the F508del mutant protein to wild type (WT) levels have not been identified. In this report, we consider obstacles to obtaining robust and therapeutically relevant levels of F508del CFTR. For example, markedly diminished steady state amounts of F508del CFTR compared to WT CFTR are present in recombinant bronchial epithelial cell lines, even when much higher levels of mutant transcript are present...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586992/evidence-supports-the-superiority-of-closed-icus-for-patients-and-families-no
#11
EDITORIAL
Gary E Weissman, Scott D Halpern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333269/natural-language-processing-to-assess-documentation-of-features-of-critical-illness-in-discharge-documents-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-survivors
#12
Gary E Weissman, Michael O Harhay, Ricardo M Lugo, Barry D Fuchs, Scott D Halpern, Mark E Mikkelsen
RATIONALE: Transitions to outpatient care are crucial after critical illness, but the documentation practices in discharge documents after critical illness are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the rates of documentation of various features of critical illness in discharge documents of patients diagnosed with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) during their hospital stay. METHODS: We used natural language processing tools to build a keyword-based classifier that categorizes discharge documents by presence of terms from four groups of keywords related to critical illness...
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376062/intensive-care-unit-capacity-strain-and-adherence-to-prophylaxis-guidelines
#13
Gary E Weissman, Nicole B Gabler, Sydney E S Brown, Scott D Halpern
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between different measures of capacity strain and adherence to prophylaxis guidelines in the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study within the Project IMPACT database. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine relationships between ICU capacity strain and appropriate usage of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis (VTEP) and stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP)...
December 2015: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25274860/serial-intravascular-ultrasound-analysis-of-stent-strut-distribution-and-fracture-an-integrated-analysis-of-the-taxus-iv-v-and-vi-trials
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Radoslaw Pracon, Maksymilian P Opolski, Gary S Mintz, Jerzy Pregowski, Mariusz Kruk, Jeffrey J Popma, Lazar Mandinov, Hong Wang, Stephen G Ellis, Eberhard Grube, Keith D Dawkins, Gregg W Stone, Neil J Weissman
AIMS: Non-uniform distribution of drug-eluting stent struts may cause uneven drug deposition associated with an adverse neointimal response and clinical events. This study assesses circumferential stent strut distribution in bare-metal (BMS) and paclitaxel-eluting (Taxus) stents post implantation and at 9-month follow-up, as well as its impact on intimal hyperplasia (IH). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the current analysis, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) substudies of the Taxus IV, V, and VI trials were combined...
October 2014: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25171634/crystallization-of-methyl-ammonium-lead-halide-perovskites-implications-for-photovoltaic-applications
#15
Yaron Tidhar, Eran Edri, Haim Weissman, Dorin Zohar, Gary Hodes, David Cahen, Boris Rybtchinski, Saar Kirmayer
Hybrid organic/lead halide perovskites are promising materials for solar cell fabrication, resulting in efficiencies up to 18%. The most commonly studied perovskites are CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3PbI3-xClx where x is small. Importantly, in the latter system, the presence of chloride ion source in the starting solutions used for the perovskite deposition results in a strong increase in the overall charge diffusion length. In this work we investigate the crystallization parameters relevant to fabrication of perovskite materials based on CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3PbBr3...
September 24, 2014: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25128055/physician-social-networks-and-variation-in-rates-of-complications-after-radical-prostatectomy
#16
Craig Evan Pollack, Hao Wang, Justin E Bekelman, Gary Weissman, Andrew J Epstein, Kaijun Liao, Eva H Dugoff, Katrina Armstrong
OBJECTIVES: Variation in care within and across geographic areas remains poorly understood. The goal of this article was to examine whether physician social networks-as defined by shared patients-are associated with rates of complications after radical prostatectomy. METHODS: In five cities, we constructed networks of physicians on the basis of their shared patients in 2004-2005 Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare data. From these networks, we identified subgroups of urologists who most frequently shared patients with one another...
July 2014: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24911615/stenting-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-is-associated-with-less-neointimal-hyperplasia-in-the-pooled-ivus-analysis-from-horizons-ami-and-the-taxus-iv-and-v-and-atlas-workhorse-long-lesion-and-direct-stent-studies
#17
Nobuaki Kobayashi, Akiko Maehara, Dominic Allocco, Bernard Witzenbichler, Stephen G Ellis, Mark A Turco, John A Ormiston, Giulio Guagliumi, Songtao Jiang, Thomas C McAndrew, Keith D Dawkins, Gregg W Stone, Gary S Mintz, Neil J Weissman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), stable angina pectoris (SAP), and unstable angina pectoris (UAP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From formal core laboratory intravascular ultrasound substudies, we compared NIH after paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) or bare metal stents (BMS) in STEMI lesions from HORIZONS-AMI trial with SAP and UAP lesions from TAXUS IV, V, and ATLAS studies...
November 2014: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24728727/intravascular-ultrasound-evidence-of-perivascular-trauma-during-routine-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Akiko Maehara, Gary S Mintz, Anh B Bui, Augusto D Pichard, Lowell F Satler, Ron Waksman, William O Suddath, Kenneth M Kent, Neil J Weissman
We assessed whether intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) can detect evidence of coronary perforation that is not visible by coronary angiography. Approximately 15,000 consecutive percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed with IVUS guidance were reviewed retrospectively, pre- and post-PCI IVUS images were compared, and IVUS findings were compared with coronary angiography and in-hospital outcomes. We detected three distinct patterns that were not present pre-PCI and that were suggestive of perforation or perivascular trauma: perivascular blood speckle in 67 % (51/76), perivascular hematoma in 17 % (13/76), and new echolucent perivascular layer in 16 % (12/76)...
June 2014: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24717275/frequency-and-evolution-of-thin-capped-fibroatheromas-in-left-main-coronary-artery-as-assessed-by-serial-virtual-histology-intravascular-ultrasound-analysis
#19
Sang-Wook Kim, Gary S Mintz, Neil J Weissman, Wang Soo Lee, Nagendra Boopathy Senguttuvan, Jee Eun Kwon, Hyangkyoung Kim, Jae Seung Seo, Ju Won Seok, Eun Young Kim, Seong Hyeop Hyeon, Joon Hwa Hong, Chee Jeong Kim, Dai Yun Cho, Tae Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to assess thin-capped fibroatheroma (TCFA) of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) and its changes after statin therapy. METHODS: We assessed the frequency and distribution of virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) thin-capped fibroatheroma (VH-TCFA) in the LMCA in 500 patients. Serial VH-IVUS examinations were available in 50 patients at 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: The incidence of LM-TCFA was 8...
April 2014: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24212145/global-health-at-home-a-student-run-community-health-initiative-for-refugees
#20
Gary E Weissman, Raymond J Morris, Carrie Ng, Anthony S Pozzessere, Kevin C Scott, Marc J Altshuler
Free, student-run health initiatives for refugees fill a gap in needed health services and prepare medical students for understanding cross-cultural and systems-based medical practice.
August 2012: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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