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Pain epidemiology

Elena Dragioti, Tobias Wiklund, Peter Alföldi, Björn Gerdle
Objective Insomnia is the most commonly diagnosed comorbidity disorder among patients with chronic pain. This circumstance requests brief and valid instruments for screening insomnia in epidemiological studies. The main object of this study was to assess the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Swedish version of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). The ISI is a short instrument designed to measure clinical insomnia and one of the most common used scales both in clinical and research practice. However there is no study in Sweden that guarantees neither its factor structure nor its feasibility in chronic pain patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
D Gareth Evans, Naomi L Bowers, Simon Tobi, Claire Hartley, Andrew J Wallace, Andrew T King, Simon K W Lloyd, Scott A Rutherford, Charlotte Hammerbeck-Ward, Omar N Pathmanaban, Simon R Freeman, John Ealing, Mark Kellett, Roger Laitt, Owen Thomas, Dorothy Halliday, Rosalie Ferner, Amy Taylor, Chris Duff, Elaine F Harkness, Miriam J Smith
OBJECTIVES: Schwannomatosis is a dominantly inherited condition predisposing to schwannomas of mainly spinal and peripheral nerves with some diagnostic overlap with neurofibromatosis-2 (NF2), but the underlying epidemiology is poorly understood. We present the birth incidence and prevalence allowing for overlap with NF2. METHODS: Schwannomatosis and NF2 cases were ascertained from the Manchester region of England (population=4.8 million) and from across the UK. Point prevalence and birth incidence were calculated from regional birth statistics...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Moniek W M van de Luijtgaarden, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Maurizio Postorino, Cynthia J Janmaat, Anirudh Rao, Claudia Torino, Marian Klinger, Christiane Drechsler, Olof Heimburger, Maciej Szymczak, Marie Evans, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager
Background: The epidemiology and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) differ by sex. We aimed to compare symptom prevalence and the clinical state in women and men of ≥65 years of age with advanced CKD receiving routine nephrology care. Methods: The European QUALity study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease (EQUAL) study follows patients from six European countries of ≥65 years of age  years whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dropped to ≤20 mL/min/1...
June 13, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Marcus Yung, Liana M Tennant, Stephan Milosavljevic, Catherine Trask
Background: Exposure to whole body vibration (WBV) is common in construction, agriculture, mining, and transportation. There is strong epidemiological evidence linking WBV with adverse health outcomes in the long-term, including low back pain. Fortunately, WBV exposure guidelines to prevent long-term musculoskeletal disorders and discomfort exist. In the shorter-term, it has been speculated that occupational levels of WBV may lead to increased risk of vehicle accidents and falls during egress; however, the acute effects of different vibration intensities remain poorly understood and it is uncertain whether established standards protect the worker from injurious short-term effects...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Henri A Didier, Giulia Borromeo, Francesca Gaffuri, Vincenzo Tullo, Marcella Curone, Aldo Bruno Giannì, Gennaro Bussone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
Hida Nierenburg, Katelin Jackfert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Headaches due to airplane travel are rare but documented in the literature. We aim to provide a review of diagnostic criteria and treatment for this condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Several cases of this syndrome have been reported since it was first described in 2004. Airplane headache is classified as unilateral, stabbing, orbito-frontal pain, lasting under 30 min, and occurs during ascent or descent of a plane. Patients with this condition can develop anxiety and fear of flying given the intensity and severity of the pain...
June 14, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Katarzyna Kuczyńska, Piotr Grzonkowski, Łukasz Kacprzak, Jolanta B Zawilska
Fentanyl is a potent synthetic opioid used as a narcotic analgesic supplement in general and regional anesthesia as well as in management of persistent, severe chronic pain. Alarming epidemiological and forensic medicine reports, accumulated mainly during the last two decades, point to a growing increase in illicit use of fentanyl, mainly in North America and Europe. Toxicological data indicates that fentanyl use is inextricably linked with polydrug use. There are two main sources of fentanyl on the "recreational" drug market...
June 2, 2018: Forensic Science International
Khushabu Kasabwala, Gilbert J Wise
INTRODUCTION: Each year, varicella-zoster virus (VZV) affects nearly one million people in the United States, often in the form of herpes zoster, or shingles. The urologic system is a rare but often debilitating target. This paper reviews the epidemiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and management of VZV as it relates to urologic practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a PubMed search using the query "herpes zoster" and "varicella-zoster virus" combined with multiple urological terms...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
N Agrinier, J-B Conart, A Baudot, F Ameloot, K Angioi-Duprez
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiological characteristics of outpatients examined by university medical center ophthalmologists in emergency rooms (ER), and to determine factors associated with true emergencies. METHODS: A monocentric cross-sectional study including all patients examined by an ophthalmologist in the ER of in the university hospital of Nancy over a two-month period was conducted. Demographics and medical characteristics were assessed. The visits were categorized by ophthalmologists as true emergencies or not...
June 7, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Marco Oreste Finocchio Pagliusi Junior, Ivan José Magayewski Bonet, Elayne Vieira Dias, André Schwambach Vieira, Claudia Herrera Tambeli, Carlos Amilcar Parada, Cesar Renato Sartori
Epidemiological studies have shown a close association between pain and depression. There is evidence showing this association since patients with depression show a high chronic pain prevalence and vice-versa. Considering that social stress is critical for the development of depression in humans, we used a social defeat stress (SDS) model which induces depressive-like behavior in mice. In this model, mice are exposed to an aggressor mouse for ten days, suffering brief periods of agonistic contact and long periods of sensory contact...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Xiaoling Xiang, Amanda Leggett, Joseph A Himle, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the prevalence and correlates of major and subthreshold depression and the extent of treatment utilization in older adults receiving home care. METHODS: The study sample included 811 community-dwelling adults aged 60 and over who received paid home care during the 2008-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Depression was assessed using short forms of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Maren Mylius, Johannes Dreesman, Matthias Pulz, Gerhard Pallasch, Konrad Beyrer, Katja Claußen, Franz Allerberger, Angelika Fruth, Christina Lang, Rita Prager, Antje Flieger, Sabine Schlager, Daniela Kalhöfer, Elke Mertens
Following a school ski-trip to Austria from 10 to 18/02/2017, nine of 25 participants of the group from Lower Saxony (Germany) developed gastroenteritis. The students and teachers (17-41 years) shared meals in a hotel. Active case finding revealed further cases among German school groups from North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, staying at the same hotel in February 2017. We conducted two retrospective cohort studies using self-administered questionnaires on clinical symptoms and food consumption...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Dirk Möller, Nikolaus Ballenberger, Christoff Zalpour
Many musicians suffer from playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) however many of the epidemiological surveys on PRMD do not utilize evaluated self-report instruments, especially as a tool to assess musculoskeletal pain intensity and pain interference in terms of function and psychosocial constructs. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Musculoskeletal Pain Intensity and Interference Questionnaire for Musicians (MPIIQM) into German, and validate it among a population of professional orchestral musicians...
May 31, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Paola Monari, Ruggero Moro, Alberico Motolese, Cosimo Misciali, Carlotta Baraldi, Pier Alessandro Fanti, Stefano Caccavale, Mario Puviani, Daniela Olezzi, Pierfrancesco Zampieri, Giusto Trevisan, Katiuscia Nan, Chiara Fiorentini, Giovanni Pellacani, Giulio Gualdi
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterised by painful, necrotic ulcerations. PG is described as a rare disease: the world-wide incidence is estimated to be around 3 to 10 cases per million population per year. These estimations are based mostly on case reports and retrospective case series; there are no prospective, multicentre studies on the matter. The apparent rarity of PG is in contrast with our clinical perception as dermatologists: in our opinion, PG is not so uncommon. Therefore, we decide to investigate the epidemiology of PG in the Italian population and confirm our clinical suspicions that it is not an orphan disease...
June 6, 2018: International Wound Journal
Norbert Marschner, Jochen Wilke, Daniel Reschke, Florian Kaiser, Claudia Schmoor, Renate Grugel, Emil Boller
AIMS: This prospective, epidemiologic study was designed to translate the original Spanish Bone Metastases Quality-of-Life-10 (BOMET-QoL-10) questionnaire and undertake a validation of the translated German version of BOMET-QoL-10 in Germany to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with bone metastases (BM). METHODS: The translation process included forward and backward translations, and a linguistic validation. Patients aged ≥18 years with histological confirmation of cancer, diagnosed with BM, life expectancy ≥6 months, and fluency in German were eligible for this study (enrolled consecutively in 33 outpatient centers in Germany)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
S Fischer, T Rath, M F Neurath
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are complex diseases. Epidemiological studies suggest rising incidences in industrialized countries. The article is based on a literature search in PubMed and is oriented on the current guidelines published by the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. IBD are characterized by chronic diarrhoea, abdominal pain and peranal haemorrhage. Extraintestinal manifestations commonly affect joints, skin, eyes and bile tracts. Early diagnosis and therapeutic intervention determine individual patient outcome...
June 5, 2018: Der Internist
Geoffroy Nourissat, Michel Calò, Bernard Montalvan, Jacques Parier
Background: Os acromiale is a rare condition mostly reported in the literature through case reports, imaging studies, or reports of surgical treatment. This condition is the result of nonunion of growth plates of the acromion during the natural developmental process that occurs between 15 and 25 years of age. Its incidence is low, and few studies are available in the literature on athletes with high functional demands, and particularly on athletes within a specific sport. Purpose: To collect epidemiological data and to report the amount of time out of play as well as the type of treatment and its efficiency in professional tennis players...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
G Briganti, J-P Falla, T Roumeguère
We present the case of a 54 year old male complaining of abdominal pain localised in the right flank and irradiating in other abdominal regions. The pain was previously associated with kidney stones, but persisted months after their total evacuation. Suffering from Crohn's disease, low dose corticosteroids likely caused a particularly invalidating chronic prostatitis, which antibiotic treatment aggravated the symptoms of Crohn's disease, therefore complicating the therapeutic care by causing a vicious circle...
May 30, 2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
M B Houlind, C Treldal, M Aakjær, H Palm, B Malmquist, O Andersen, L L Christrup, K K Petersen
Aims Optimization of pain management is essential for fasttrack surgery and safety in acute hip fracture (AHF) patients. Kidney function determines the doses of several postoperative painkillers, but previous studies have shown the standard Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation overestimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in elderly and underweight patients. The optimized Cockcroft Gault (CGop) equation might be more accurate in this patient group. The study aims to (1) investigate the differences in estimated GFR (eGFR) based on CKD-EPI and CGop and (2) to simulate this impact on recommended dosing of standard painkillers in AHF patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Hyungtae Kim, Cheol-Hyeong Lee, Sung-Hun Kim, Yeon-Dong Kim
Chronic regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an inflammatory and neuropathic pain disorder characterized by the involvement of the autonomic nervous system with sensory, autonomic, motor, skin, and bone changes. At present, universally accepted consensus criteria for CRPS are not yet established, despite the diagnostic criteria proposed by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Various hypotheses for the pathophysiology of CRPS have been proposed; as a result, current therapeutic modalities are varied...
2018: PloS One
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