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Pain epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026414/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-very-young-adults-a-clinical-presentation-risk-factors-hospital-outcome-index-and-their-angiographic-characteristics-in-north-india-amiya-study
#1
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Vinay Krishna, Ramesh Thakur, Ashutosh Kumar, Vikas Mishra, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Karandeep Singh, Mohit Sachan, Rupesh Sinha, Mohammad Asif, Nasar Afdaali, Chandra Mohan Varma
BACKGROUND: India is currently in the fourth stage of epidemiological transitions where cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Purpose of the present study was to assess the risk factors, clinical presentation, angiographic profile including severity, and in-hospital outcome of very young adults (aged ≤ 30 years) with first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Total of 1,116 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) were studied between March 2013 and February 2015 at LPS Institute of Cardiology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India...
March 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026288/assessment-of-quality-of-life-satisfaction-with-anticoagulation-therapy-and-adherence-to-treatment-in-patients-receiving-long-course-vitamin-k-antagonists-or-direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-venous-thromboembolism
#2
Ingre Keita, Isabelle Aubin-Auger, Christophe Lalanne, Jean-Pierre Aubert, Olivier Chassany, Martin Duracinsky, Isabelle Mahé
INTRODUCTION: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have shown non-inferiority and ease of use compared to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). No study so far has been directed toward real-life experience of outpatients receiving anticoagulants for VTE in France. METHODS: This is an observational descriptive real-life epidemiological study, using three validated questionnaires (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8, EQ-5D, and part 2 of the Perception of Anticoagulant Treatment Questionnaire), to assess adherence, quality of life, and satisfaction in 100 VTE outpatients receiving anticoagulation therapy by VKA (primary or switched from DOAC to VKA) or by DOAC (primary or switched from VKA to DOAC)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025327/post-herpetic-neuralgia-a-review-of-current-management-and-future-directions
#3
John Schutzer-Weissmann, Paul Farquhar-Smith
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is common and treatment is often suboptimal with less than half of patients achieving adequate 50% pain relief. As an area of unmet clinical need and as an archetype of neuropathic pain, it deserves the attention of clinicians and researchers. Areas covered: This review summarises the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors and clinical features of varicella infection. It describes the current and possible future management strategies for preventing varicella infection and reactivation and for treating PHN...
October 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024324/clinical-implications-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-systemic-amyloidosis
#4
T Yen, F W Chen, R M Witteles, M Liedtke, L A Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in systemic amyloidosis patients are poorly characterized. This purpose of this study is to define the epidemiology and clinical implications of such symptoms. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 583 amyloid patients seen at a tertiary referral center. Of 96 symptomatic patients, 82 received endoscopic biopsies, subsequently grouped into those with histologic evidence of GI amyloid (biopsy proven) vs without (biopsy absent)...
October 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019326/epidemiology-and-outcomes-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-or-metastatic-carcinoma-cervix-in-a-developing-country-experience-from-a-tertiary-oncology-centre-in-southern-india
#5
K C Lakshmaiah, Aditi Harsh Thanky, D Lokanatha, K Govind Babu, Linu Jacob, Suresh Babu, A H Rudresha, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev, Aparna Sridharmurthy
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is the leading cause of cancer in Indian women. Recurrent/metastatic cervix is the most aggressive form of the disease. There is paucity of data in this setting in Indian women regarding outcomes with palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed hospital registry data between January 2013 and December 2014 for recurrent/metastatic carcinoma cervix patients who were planned for palliative chemotherapy and assessed their demographic parameters, response and survival outcomes with chemotherapy...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019017/leptospirosis-associated-catastrophic-respiratory-failure-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#6
Tamara Cantwell, Andrés Ferre, Nicolette Van Sint Jan, Rodrigo Blamey, Jorge Dreyse, Cristian Baeza, Rodrigo Diaz, Tomás Regueira
A previously healthy, 39-year-old obese farmer, arrived hypotensive and tachycardic, with fever, myalgia, headache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and progressive dyspnea. Ten days before symptoms onset, he was in direct contact with mice and working in a contaminated drain. Patient laboratory showed acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia. Chest X-ray exhibited bilateral diffuse interstitial infiltrates. First-line empirical antibiotics were started and influenza discarded. Patient evolved with severe respiratory failure, associated with hemoptysis, and rapidly severe hemodynamic compromise...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016441/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-infectious-spondylodiscitis-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Yueh-An Lu, Wei-Chiao Sun, George Kuo, Chao-Yu Chen, Huang-Kai Kao, YuJr Lin, Chia-Hui Lee, Cheng-Chieh Hung, Ya-Chung Tian, Yu-Shien Ko, Hsiang-Hao Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of patients who were hospitalized for infectious spondylodiscitis over a 13 year period. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the epidemiology and prognostic factors of infectious spondylodiscitis in hemodialysis (HD) patients and to identify the impact of HD on infectious spondylodiscitis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Only a few case studies of infectious spondylodiscitis in HD patients can be found in the literature...
October 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990272/the-impact-of-bladder-cancer-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Angela B Smith, Byron Jaeger, Laura C Pinheiro, Lloyd J Edwards, Hung-Jui Tan, Matthew E Nielsen, Bryce B Reeve
OBJECTIVES: To identify HRQOL changes before to after diagnosis in older adults with bladder cancer and to compare their changes to non-cancer controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries were linked with Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (MHOS) data. Medicare beneficiaries >= 65 years from 1998-2013 who were diagnosed with bladder cancer between baseline and follow-up MHOS were matched with non-cancer controls using propensity scores...
October 8, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988888/small-bowel-tumors-a-digestive-endoscopy-society-of-taiwan-dest-multicenter-enteroscopy-based-epidemiologic-study
#9
Chen-Shuan Chung, Chi-Ming Tai, Tien-Yu Huang, Chen-Wang Chang, Kuan-Chih Chen, Chao-Ming Tseng, Horng-Yuan Wang, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Jiann-Ming Wu, Yun Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Small bowel (SB) accounts for the majority of gastrointestinal tract but its tumors are rare and always overlooked. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of SB tumors. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study utilized endoscopy database from 2006/11 to 2016/07. Baseline demographic characteristics, clinical, radiologic and endoscopic findings were collected. RESULTS: Totally 103 (34 benign, 69 malignant lesions) patients with SB tumors in 1070 enteroscopic examinations were enrolled...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988679/cumulative-incidence-of-carpal-instability-12-24-months-after-fall-onto-outstretched-hand
#10
Lisa O'Brien, Luke Robinson, Eugene Lim, Hayley O'Sullivan, Helen Kavnoudias
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive Epidemiological Study. INTRODUCTION: Ligament tears between carpal bones are easily missed on initial presentation, but can have potentially debilitating effects on the patient if they progress to an instability. They are usually the result of a fall onto an outstretched hand with the wrist in hyperextension. Current incidence of carpal instability after these falls is unknown. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Using established clinical and radiological measures, we sought to establish the cumulative incidence of carpal instability in people who have fallen onto an outstretched hand in the second year after injury...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985974/what-is-the-role-of-the-bacterium-propionibacterium-acnes-in-type-1-modic-changes-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Mark Georgy, Mark Stern, Kieran Murphy
This review presents a summary of the pathology and epidemiology of Modic changes and the possible role of Propionibacterium acnes. This information is followed by a synthesis of the most recent clinical research involved in culturing the discs of patients with degenerative disc disease for the presence of bacteria. We also discuss a randomized controlled trial that investigates the effects of antibiotics on patients with chronic low back pain and type 1 Modic changes. We conclude with a brief discussion of the difficulties involved in this research and the significance of the findings...
October 3, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983852/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-li-fraumeni-syndrome-purely-coincidental-or-mechanistically-associated
#12
Michaela Kuhlen, Julia Taeubner, Dagmar Wieczorek, Arndt Borkhardt
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders with impaired social interactions and communication and restrictive, repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, and activities. A recent epidemiological study suggests that children with ASD might have an increased cancer risk. CASE PRESENTATION: The 14.5-year-old boy, previously diagnosed with ASD, was referred with persistent bone pain. Diagnostic work-up confirmed diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); cytogenetic analysis revealed low hypodiploid karyotype with a mutation (c...
October 5, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983760/chikungunya-virus-associated-disease
#13
REVIEW
C Hua, B Combe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection has become increasingly prevalent in the last decade not only across the southern hemisphere but also, because of a recently documented viral mutation, in southern Europe and the USA. With the global spread of CHIKV infection, practitioners should know its epidemiology, pathophysiology and clinical features. RECENT FINDINGS: The acute phase of CHIKV disease is characterised by a fever-arthralgia-rash syndrome...
October 5, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978355/spondylodiskitis-and-endocarditis-due-to-streptococcus-gordonii
#14
Ziv Dadon, Assaf Cohen, Yael M Szterenlicht, Marc V Assous, Yair Barzilay, David Raveh-Brawer, Amos M Yinnon, Gabriel Munter
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus gordonii is an infrequent cause of infective endocarditis (IE); associated spondylodiskitis has not yet been described in the literature. PURPOSE: We describe 2 patients who presented with new-onset, severe back pain; blood cultures revealed S. gordonii bacteremia, which led to the diagnosis of spondylodiskitis and IE. We review our 2-decade experience with S. gordonii bacteremia to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of these patients...
October 4, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977322/tuberculosis-in-pediatric-patients-how-has-the-diagnosis-been-made
#15
Ana Paula Ghussn Cano, Mariana Tresoldi Neves Romaneli, Ricardo Mendes Pereira, Antonia Teresinha Tresoldi
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, radiological, epidemiological, and microbiological characteristics of pediatric patients with diagnosis of tuberculosis in a period of 15 years. METHODS: Retrospective study including children and adolescents younger than 18 years diagnosed with tuberculosis in the Clinical Hospital of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas in São Paulo State, Brazil. Active tuberculosis was defined by the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture, microscopy, or histopathological examination...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976894/spontaneous-spondylodiscitis-epidemiology-clinical-features-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Aneta S Petkova, Christo B Zhelyazkov, Borislav D Kitov
Spontaneous spondylodiscitis is a rare but serious infectious disease which is a combination of an inflammatory process, involving one or more adjacent vertebral bodies (spondylitis), the intervertebral discs (discitis) and finally - the neighboring neural structures. In most cases the condition is due to a hematogenous infection and can affect all regions of the spinal cord, but it is usually localized in the lumbar area. The most common clinical symptom is a pronounced, constant and increasing nocturnal paravertebral pain, while consequently different degrees of residual neurological symptoms from nerve roots and/or spinal cord may appear...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973431/arteriovenous-malformations-of-the-temporalis-muscle-a-comprehensive-review
#17
Javier Ros de San Pedro, Beatriz Cuartero Pérez, Belén Ferri Ñíguez, Víctor Villanueva San Vicente
Arteriovenous malformations of the temporalis muscle (TM-AVMs) are rare lesions commonly considered as a variant of scalp AVMs. A study was designed in order to analyze TM-AVMs features and to confirm them as a certain entity different from scalp AVMs. Seven TM-AVMs cases (5 from literature plus 2 from our database) were studied. Clinical, epidemiological, radiological, and therapeutic data were analyzed and compared to common scalp AVMs features. All TM-AVMs presented as large soft tumor-like masses on the temporal region (mean diameter: 6 cm)...
July 20, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972293/evaluating-burning-mouth-syndrome-as-a-comorbidity-of-atypical-odontalgia-the-impact-on-pain-experiences
#18
Trang T H Tu, Anna Miura, Yukiko Shinohara, Lou Mikuzuki, Kaoru Kawasaki, Shiori Sugawara, Takayuki Suga, Takeshi Watanabe, Motoko Watanabe, Yojiro Umezaki, Tatsuya Yoshikawa, Haruhiko Motomura, Miho Takenoshita, Akira Toyofuku
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (1) investigate the differences in clinical characteristics of patients between two groups: with Atypical Odontalgia (AO) only and with Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) (2) assess psychiatric comorbidity factor's influence on patients' experience. METHOD: Medical records, psychiatric referral forms of patients visiting the Psychosomatic Dentistry Clinic of Tokyo Medical and Dental University between 2013-2016 were reviewed. The final sample included two groups of 355 patients: AO-only (n=272) and AO-BMS patients (n=83)...
October 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963668/assessing-and-treating-primary-headaches-and-cranio-facial-pain-in-patients-undergoing-rehabilitation-for-neurological-diseases
#19
Cristina Tassorelli, Marco Tramontano, Mariangela Berlangieri, Vittorio Schweiger, Mariagrazia D'Ippolito, Valerio Palmerini, Sara Bonazza, Riccardo Rosa, Rosanna Cerbo, Maria Gabriella Buzzi
BACKGROUND: Pain is a very common condition in patient undergoing rehabilitation for neurological disease; however the presence of primary headaches and other cranio-facial pains, particularly when they are actually or apparently independent from the disability for which patient is undergoing rehabilitation, is often neglected. Diagnostic and therapeutic international and national guidelines, as well as tools for the subjective measure of head pain are available and should also be applied in the neurorehabilitation setting...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963300/influence-of-allocation-concealment-and-intention-to-treat-analysis-on-treatment-effects-of-physical-therapy-interventions-in-low-back-pain-randomised-controlled-trials-a-protocol-of-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#20
Matheus Oliveira Almeida, Bruno T Saragiotto, Chris G Maher, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
INTRODUCTION: Meta-epidemiological studies examining the influence of methodological characteristics, such as allocation concealment and intention-to-treat analysis have been performed in a large number of healthcare areas. However, there are no studies investigating these characteristics in physical therapy interventions for patients with low back pain. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of allocation concealment and the use of intention-to-treat analysis on estimates of treatment effects of physical therapy interventions in low back pain clinical trials...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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