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Pain epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649196/diagnosis-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-in-christchurch-new-zealand-a-case-series
#1
James Bevin, Simon Dalton, Chris Wakeman, Will Perry
AIM: Abdominal tuberculosis presents with non-specific symptoms, including generalised abdominal pain. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical to improving outcomes and avoiding complications. We conducted a retrospective review of cases of abdominal tuberculosis presenting to Christchurch Hospital to explore the epidemiology, clinical features and diagnostic modalities used. METHOD: Cases were identified by searching for relevant ICD discharge codes from January 1996 to January 2016...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644156/group-a-streptococcal-pyomyositis-in-a-previously-healthy-six-year-old-girl
#2
Daniel Tawfik, Wendy L Hobson
A six-year-old previously healthy girl was seen in an outpatient pediatric clinic in the western United States for thigh pain. The pain was accompanied by an initial fever and was most severe after periods of prolonged rest. During the evaluation, her exam rapidly progressed with severe episodic pain and tenderness of the right anteromedial thigh. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated signal enhancement at the insertion of the right obturator externus muscle. Blood culture was positive for Group A Streptococcus...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642692/noncardiac-chest-pain-a-2018-update
#3
Marilena Durazzo, Giuseppe Gargiulo, Rinaldo Pellicano
Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is defined as recurring, angina-like, chest pain of noncardiac origin. Studies have estimated that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common contributing factor for NCCP. In patients with non-GERD related NCCP, esophageal motility disorders, and functional chest pain (FCP) of presumed esophageal origin are the main underlying mechanisms for symptoms. Epidemiologic studies show a high prevalence of panic disorder, anxiety and major depression in NCCP patients. The diagnostic esophageal workup starts only after that cardiac and pulmonary diseases have been ruled out...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628890/anti-gout-potential-of-malaysian-medicinal-plants
#4
REVIEW
Fazleen I Abu Bakar, Mohd F Abu Bakar, Asmah Rahmat, Norazlin Abdullah, Siti F Sabran, Susi Endrini
Gout is a type of arthritis that causes painful inflammation in one or more joints. In gout, elevation of uric acid in the blood triggers the formation of crystals, causing joint pain. Malaysia is a mega-biodiversity country that is rich in medicinal plants species. Therefore, its flora might offer promising therapies for gout. This article aims to systematically review the anti-gout potential of Malaysian medicinal plants. Articles on gout published from 2000 to 2017 were identified using PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar with the following keyword search terms: "gout," "medicinal plants," "Malaysia," "epidemiology," " in vitro," and " in vivo ...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627329/molecular-identification-of-giardia-intestinalis-in-two-cities-of-the-colombian-caribbean-coast
#5
Vivian Villalba-Vizcaíno, Yaleyvis Buelvas, Barbara Arroyo-Salgado, Lyda R Castro
INTRODUCTION: Parasitoses are an important health problem and its post-infectious consequences can cause high morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Epidemiological data is scarce in our region. We aimed to obtain frequency and circulating genotypes of Giardia intestinalis in two cities of the Caribbean Coast. METHODS: To identify parasites in samples, a fecal concentration and microscopical examination were performed. For further identification and genotyping of G...
April 5, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627001/sex-differences-in-neuropathic-pain-intensity-in-diabetes
#6
Alon Abraham, Carolina Barnett, Hans D Katzberg, Leif E Lovblom, Bruce A Perkins, Vera Bril
INTRODUCTION: Sex and gender play roles in the pain experience, such that pain is more frequent in women. Explanations for this observation range from factors related to biological sex to those related to psychosocial gender. OBJECTIVES: To explore neuropathic pain characteristics in females with diabetes with and without established polyneuropathy. METHODS: We compared the presence and intensity of pain in males and females in 2 separate cohorts of patients with type II diabetes, with and without established diabetic polyneuropathy...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626242/incidence-of-kidney-stone-disease-in-icelandic-children-and-adolescents-from-1985-to-2013-results-of-a-nationwide-study
#7
Vidar O Edvardsson, Solborg E Ingvarsdottir, Runolfur Palsson, Olafur S Indridason
BACKGROUND: An increase in the incidence of kidney stone disease has been reported for all age groups worldwide. To examine this trend, we conducted a nationwide study of the epidemiology of kidney stones in Icelandic children and adolescents over a 30-year period. METHODS: Computerized databases of all major hospitals and medical imaging centers in Iceland were searched for International Classification of Diseases and radiologic and surgical procedure codes indicative of kidney stones in patients aged < 18 years, followed by a thorough medical record review...
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623278/an-innocent-esophageal-mucosal-bridge-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Tagore Sunkara, Eric Omar Then, Krishna Sowjanya Yarlagadda, Manan Jhaveri, Vinaya Gaduputi
An esophageal mucosal bridge is a rare finding that is seldom encountered on upper endoscopy. They most commonly present secondary to an underlying inflammatory disorder and cause chest pain and dysphagia, among other symptoms. More rarely, they present asymptomatically with no identifiable inflammatory conditions. Our case consists of a 31-year-old woman who presented with an asymptomatic, noninflammatory mucosal bridge of the esophagus. To our knowledge, this makes the third such case. The rarity of this condition coupled with the lack of epidemiologic data available make this case worthy for literature review...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622502/chronic-pain-medication-management-of-older-populations-key-points-from-a-national-conference-and-innovative-opportunities-for-pharmacy-practice
#9
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, J Simon Bell, Danny Liew, Carolyn A Arnold, Rachelle Buchbinder, Colin Chapman, Flavia Cicuttini, Malcolm Dobbin, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra, Jenny Gowan, Benny Katz, Dan L Lubman, Matthew McCrone, Jennifer Pilgrim, Anneliese Synnot, Eleanor van Dyk, Barbara Workman, John McNeil
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate use of pain medication has serious consequences for older populations. Experts in the field have noted an increase in opioid prescriptions, and opioid-related hospitalisations and deaths among this vulnerable population. In the pursuit of educating pharmacists, physicians, allied healthcare professionals, researchers, academics and the public facing the challenges of chronic pain medication management, 'The Inaugural Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (SPHPM) Best Practice in Chronic Pain Medication Management Day Conference' was held in December 2016 at the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (Melbourne, Australia)...
March 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620593/evaluation-of-learned-helplessness-perceived-self-efficacy-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Sebastián Moyano, Marina Scolnik, Facundo Vergara, María Victoria García, Mirtha Rosa Sabelli, Javier Eduardo Rosa, Luis José Catoggio, Enrique Roberto Soriano
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare learned helplessness (LH) and perceived self-efficacy (SE) in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess their correlation with functional disability, level of perceived pain, and fatigue. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study included consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) with RA, according to the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism criteria, and FM, according to 2010 American College of Rheumatology criteria...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619094/foot-osteoarthritis-latest-evidence-and-developments
#11
REVIEW
Edward Roddy, Hylton B Menz
Foot osteoarthritis (OA) is a common problem in older adults yet is under-researched compared to knee or hand OA. Most existing studies focus on the first metatarsophalangeal joint, with evidence relating to midfoot OA being particularly sparse. Symptomatic radiographic foot OA affects 17% of adults aged 50 years and over. The first metatarsophalangeal joint is most commonly affected, followed by the second cuneometatarsal and talonavicular joints. Epidemiological studies suggest the existence of distinct first metatarsophalangeal joint and polyarticular phenotypes, which have differing clinical and risk factor profiles...
April 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618907/green-tobacco-sickness-a-brief-review
#12
REVIEW
Shailee Fotedar, Vikas Fotedar
Green tobacco sickness (GTS) is the condition that mainly affects the tobacco harvesters. The condition is prevalent in Asian and South American tobacco harvesters. The present review was conducted to discuss the etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, and prevention of GTS. It is caused by the absorption of nicotine through the skin while the workers are engaged in handling the uncured tobacco leaves. The symptoms include nausea, vomiting, pallor, dizziness, headaches, increased perspiration, chills, abdominal pain, diarrhea, increased salivation, prostration, weakness, breathlessness, and occasional lowering of blood pressure...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617744/natural-history-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiology-and-disease-course
#13
N J Shaheen, V Mukkada, C S Eichinger, H Schofield, L Todorova, G W Falk
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disorder. For its timely diagnosis, clinicians must recognize common symptoms, and understand differences in symptoms across patient groups. The aim of this study is to systematically review the epidemiology and natural history of eosinophilic esophagitis. The MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched from 1974 to February 2017 for studies describing the epidemiology and natural history of eosinophilic esophagitis. Congress abstracts from 2014 to 2016 were also searched...
March 31, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616752/adrenal-hemorrhage-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#14
Izabela M Karwacka, Łukasz Obołończyk, Krzysztof Sworczak
BACKGROUND: Adrenal hemorrhage (AH) is a rare condition that can lead to acute adrenal insufficiency and may be fatal. The risk factors of AH include focal adrenal lesion, abdominal trauma and anticoagulation therapy. The clinical manifestation of AH varies widely; the symptoms may be related to adrenal insufficiency or may reflect multiple organ failure. However, in many cases, the course of AH is asymptomatic. OBJECTIVES: The study is a retrospective analysis of 23 cases of AH, whose aim is to discuss the etiology and the management of selected patients, as well as a literature review...
March 27, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609193/female-sexual-function-in-women-with-suspected-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#15
Ryane Vieira Lima, Ana Maria Gomes Pereira, Fernando Bray Beraldo, Cláudia Gazzo, João Alfredo Martins, Reginaldo Guedes Coelho Lopes
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the quality of the sexual function of women with suspected deep infiltrating endometriosis. METHODS:  A cross-sectional, observational and prospective study was conducted between May 2015 and August 2016, in which 67 patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis, suspected or diagnosed, were assessed for epidemiological and clinical characteristics, such as pain level through a visual analog scale (VAS), features of deep infiltrating endometriosis lesions and score on the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) before the onset of treatment...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608126/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-fibromyalgia-and-in-concomitant-medical-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-national-veterans-health-administration-study
#16
Caroline A Arout, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Lori A Bastian, Robert A Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a poorly understood, chronically disabling pain syndrome. While research has focused on its clinical presentation and treatment, less is known about fibromyalgia's clinical epidemiology in real-world healthcare systems. Gender differences have been difficult to study because relatively few males are diagnosed with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia nationwide in FY 2012 were compared to Veterans with other pain diagnoses on sociodemographic characteristics, medical and psychiatric diagnoses, health service use, and opioid and psychotropic prescription fills...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604315/physical-examination-for-men-and-women-with-urological-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndromes-a-mapp-network-study
#17
Claire C Yang, Jane L Miller, Adam Omidpanah, John N Krieger
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility of implementing a standardized, clinically relevant genitourinary examination for both men and women and to identify physical examination findings characteristic of urological chronic pelvic pain syndromes (UCPPS). METHODS: This study analyzed two samples: men and women with UCPPS who participated in the MAPP Research Network Epidemiology and Phenotyping (EP) Study, and age-matched controls who were either positive for chronic fatigue syndrome or healthy (pain-free)...
March 28, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603073/predictors-of-self-medication-in-serbian-adult-population-cross-sectional-study
#18
Katica Tripković, Andjelija Nešković, Janko Janković, Marina Odalović
Background In spite of many benefits for individuals and community, self-medication has a number of potential risks. Objective To identify predictors of self-medication with over-the-counter and prescription (Rx) medicines without doctor's prescription. Setting Serbian population of 15 years of age and over. Method This was crosssectional, epidemiological study. Data have been drawn from Serbian National Health Survey 2013 database. Predictors of self-medication were determined among sociodemographic, health related and health services related factors, using multivariate logistic regression models...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600690/occurrence-of-lyme-disease-infection-in-a-non-endemic-area-in-northern-italy
#19
Sara G Rimoldi, Stefania Merli, Giovanna Bestetti, Vania Giacomet, Giuliana Cislaghi, Romualdo Grande, Sergio Sanzani, Cristina Pagani, Giusto Trevisan, Eleonora DE Faveri, Maria R Gismondo, Eva Ruzić-Sabljić
BACKGROUND: In Italy, the incidence of human tick borne disease has increased over the last decades. Since 2015 a multidisciplinary group has been established in Sacco Hospital for the management of the patients affected by Lyme Disease (LD). A retrospective evaluation (2015-2017) was performed for LD in non-endemic areas. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all 1000 samples for 800 patients screened for LD antibodies at the Sacco Hospital in 3 years (2015-2017)...
March 29, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600348/analysis-of-symmetry-between-lower-limbs-during-gait-of-older-women-with-bilateral-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Jennifer Granja Peixoto, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Esther Ferreira Timoteo, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition in older adults, with high epidemiological, clinical, and economic burden worldwide. In clinical practice, patients with knee OA often walk with abnormal gait patterns because of pain, stiffness and/or mobility dysfunctions. Therefore, assessing the symmetry of the lower limbs might improve the rehabilitation treatment and prescription of walking devices. AIMS: To compare the symmetry of step length and single support phase between lower limbs during gait of older women with bilateral knee OA and asymptomatic controls, and to verify if there is difference between these two groups in relation to velocity, cadence, step length and single support phase...
March 29, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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