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Pain epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527286/-possible-oral-transmission-of-chagas-disease-among-hydrocarbons-sector-workers-in-casanare-colombia-2014
#1
Liliana Patricia Zuleta-Dueñas, Ángela Johana López-Quiroga, Fernando Torres-Torres, Oneida Castañeda-Porras
INTRODUCTION: Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent for Chagas disease, can be transmitted by oral intake of contaminated food or drinks. During epidemiological week 14 of 2014, two cases of acute Chagas disease were notified among hydrocarbons sector workers in Paz de Ariporo, Casanare. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the affected population, to establish control and prevention measures and to confirm the outbreak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an outbreak investigation that included the following components: a) Search for symptomatic people compatible with Chagas disease according to the case definition for their referral to medical services; b) entomological survey (192/197 houses); c) sanitary inspection and microbiological analysis of food samples; and d) study of reservoirs...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527079/endolymphatic-hydrops-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-prevalence-and-clinical-outcome-after-lumbar-puncture-preliminary-data
#2
Angelo Ranieri, Michele Cavaliere, Stefania Sicignano, Pietro Falco, Federico Cautiero, Roberto De Simone
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is characterized by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) without any underlying pathology, presenting with (IIH) or without papilledema (IIHWOP). Headache, often on daily basis, is the most frequent symptom. Among audiovestibular symptoms, tinnitus and dizziness are commonly reported, while vertigo and hearing impairment are infrequent reports. Endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) is the typical histopathologic feature of Ménière disease, a condition featured by episodes of vertigo, dizziness, fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural fullness...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526162/pharmacologic-considerations-of-anesthetic-agents-in-pediatric-patients-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Charles J Fox, Ira W Padnos, Ken P Ehrhardt, James H Diaz, Elyse M Cornett, Debbie Chandler, Sudipta Sen, Shilpadevi Patil
Acute pain in the pediatric population has important differences in terms of biology, intrapopulation variation, and epidemiology. Discussion as to the pharmacologic considerations of anesthetic agents, such as induction agents, neuromuscular blockers, opioids, local anesthetics, and adjuvant agents, is presented in this article. Special considerations and concerns, such as risk for propofol infusion syndrome and adverse potential side effects of anesthesia agents, are discussed. Anesthesiologists managing pediatric patients need to have a firm understanding of physiologic and pharmacologic differences compared with the adult population...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523022/the-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-dentists-an-epidemiological-study
#5
Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Nahid Rahmani, Faezeh Halimi, Muhammad Nazim Farooq
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common and prevalent work-related conditions. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors associated with LBP in dentists and to analyze the association between individual and occupational characteristics and LBP. METHODS: Following ethical approval, 300 dentists from Tehran Iran have voluntarily participated. Different questionnaires were completed to collect personal, occupational characteristics and the prevalence and risk factors of LBP...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522289/epidemiology-of-pain-and-relation-to-psychiatric-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Ana Miriam Velly, Shrisha Mohit
Chronic pain is a common pain condition. Some psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, are also common in the general population. Epidemiological studies found that some psychiatric disorders are more commonly found among persons with chronic pain (e.g., headache, back pain) than those without chronic pain. Why those psychiatric disorders co-occur with chronic pain, however, is not well understood. Further, studies demonstrated that some psychiatric disorders, such as depression, increase the risk of chronic pain as well as its persistence...
May 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515809/prospective-evaluation-of-anxiety-pain-and-embarrassment-associated-with-cystoscopy-and-urodynamic-testing-in-clinical-practice
#7
Xavier Biardeau, Ornella Lam, Van Ba, Lysanne Campeau, Jacques Corcos
INTRODUCTION: We sought to prospectively assess anxiety, pain, and embarrassment associated with diagnostic cystoscopy and multi-channel urodynamic study (UDS). METHODS: All consecutive patients undergoing diagnostic cystoscopy or UDS in our department over a period of nine months were asked to participate. Two anonymous auto-administered questionnaires were specifically designed to collect basic epidemiological data, document medical history, and assess the quality of information provided, along with prevalence and level (0-10 numerical visual analog rating scale) of anxiety, pain, and embarrassment experienced before and/or during the procedures...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511161/-the-diagnostics-and-clinical-pattern-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-with-pre-diabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-and-obesity
#8
Ксенія І Чубірко
INTRODUCTION: The data of epidemiological researches confirm the tendency in increasing of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with insulin resistance which occurs because of obesity, diabetes type 2 and metabolic syndrome. AIM: Optimization of diagnostic and treatment efficacy in patients with non alcoholic steatosis and steatohepatitis on the background of obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: General clinical examination of patients, laboratory and instrumental methods ( fatty liver index, non invasive assessment of liver, morphology, electrocardiography, treadmillergometry, ultrasound examination of abdominal organs, liver elastography,CT,MRI, methods of statistical analysis...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507830/dermatitis-due-to-paederus-colombinus-report-of-an-epidemic-outbreak-of-68-cases-in-the-province-of-darien-panama
#9
Lorenzo Cáceres, Jose A Suarez, Carmela Jackman, Amanda Galbster, Roberto Miranda, Ingrid Murgas, Juan Pascale, Nestor Sosa, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
INTRODUCTION: Contact dermatitis due to Paederus is a particular form of accident by animal contact. It is characterized by the sudden onset of erythematous and vesicular lesions with burning sensation on exposed areas of the body. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical findings of an outbreak of Paederus dermatitis in Panama. METHODS: Clinical and epidemiological findings of an outbreak of contact dermatitis caused by Paederus sp...
April 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499387/evolution-of-the-fourth-stage-of-epidemiologic-transition-in-people-aged-80%C3%A2-years-and-over-population-based-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#10
Nisha C Hazra, Martin Gulliford
BACKGROUND: In the "fourth stage" of epidemiological transition, the distribution of non-communicable diseases is expected to shift to more advanced ages, but age-specific changes beyond 80 years of age have not been reported. METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate demographic and health transitions in a population aged 80 years and over in the United Kingdom from 1990 to 2014, using primary care electronic health records. Epidemiological analysis of chronic morbidities and age-related impairments included a cohort of 299,495 participants, with stratified sampling by five-year age group up to 100 years and over...
May 12, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498976/low-back-pain-among-taxi-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
M Wang, J Yu, N Liu, Z Liu, X Wei, F Yan, S Yu
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common occupational problem for drivers all over the world. However, few epidemiological studies have investigated LBP among taxi drivers. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of LBP and associated work-related factors among Chinese taxi drivers. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to all participants. Using cluster sampling, questionnaires were collected from taxi drivers of three major taxi companies in Jinan, China...
May 11, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494904/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-1-predictors-epidemiological-perspective-from-a-national-database-analysis
#12
Ahmad Elsharydah, Nathaniel H Loo, Abu Minhajuddin, Enas S Kandil
OBJECTIVE: Complex regional pain syndrome type 1 is a disabling pain disorder with unclear etiology. It is usually triggered by an injury to a limb with or without specific nerve injury. The objective of this study is to explore the risk factors and predictors for this disease utilizing a large national database. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2007 to 2011 in the United States. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Adult inpatients diagnosed with complex regional pain syndrome type 1...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491208/joint-pain-epidemiology-and-analgesic-usage-in-madagascar
#13
Luc Hervé Samison, Fidiniaina Mamy Randriatsarafara, Stéphane Ralandison
INTRODUCTION: To describe the epidemiology of joint pains and document analgesics usage in an African context. METHODS: Patients suffering from joint pain were recruited from nine sites located in Antananarivo, Madagascar, including 6 hospital services and 3 clinics. Doctors collected information on the etiology and characteristics of the patients' pain. Analgesics prescribed by these doctors were also documented. RESULTS: In total, 400 patients were enrolled in the study (52...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490326/the-clinical-epidemiology-of-fatigue-in-newly-diagnosed-heart-failure
#14
Brent A Williams
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common and distressing but poorly understood symptom among patients with heart failure (HF). This study sought to evaluate the prevalence, predictors, and prognostic value of clinically documented fatigue in newly diagnosed HF patients from the community. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study consisted of 12,285 newly diagnosed HF patients receiving health care services through the Geisinger Health System, with passive data collection through electronic medical records (EMR)...
May 11, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489877/low-back-pain-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women-and-the-effect-of-physical-activity-a-secondary-analysis-in-a-randomized-trial
#15
Mirca Marini, Benedetta Bendinelli, Melania Assedi, Daniela Occhini, Maria Castaldo, Jacopo Fabiano, Marco Petranelli, Mario Migliolo, Marco Monaci, Giovanna Masala
Epidemiological studies on the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain have consistently shown that this is a relevant health problem, with non-specific low back pain (LBP) being the most commonly reported in adult females. Conflicting data on the association between LBP symptoms and physical activity (PA) have been reported. Here, we investigated the prevalence of LBP and the effect of a 24-month non-specific PA intervention on changes in LBP prevalence in a series of Italian healthy postmenopausal women. We performed a secondary analysis in the frame of the DAMA trial, a factorial randomized intervention trial aimed to evaluate the ability of a 24-month intervention, based on moderate-intensity PA, and/or dietary modification, in reducing mammographic breast density in healthy postmenopausal women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489808/mental-health-status-after-living-donor-hepatectomy
#16
Szu-Han Wang, Ping-Yi Lin, Jiun-Yi Wang, Mei-Feng Huang, Hui-Chuan Lin, Chia-En Hsieh, Ya-Lan Hsu, Yao-Li Chen
Donor safety and preservation of donor health after living liver donation are of paramount importance. In addition, the preoperative mental state of a donor is an important factor in determining the psychological impact of donor hepatectomy. Thus, we aimed to explore the mental health status of living liver donors after hepatectomy. We enrolled 60 donors who were scheduled to undergo living donor hepatectomy during the period January 2014 to March 2015 at a single medical center. Mental health status was measured before and 3 months after surgery using 3 self-report questionnaires, namely the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) to assess depressive symptoms, the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire to measure quality of life, and the Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ) to screen for minor psychiatric disorders...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488899/lifetime-prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidities-suicidality-and-quality-of-life-in-a-community-population-with-the-bimodal-chronotype-a-nationwide-epidemiologic-study
#17
Won-Hyoung Kim, Doo-Young Jung, Joo-Young Lee, Sung-Man Chang, Hong-Jin Jeon, Jun-Young Lee, Seong-Jin Cho, Dong-Woo Lee, Jae-Nam Bae, Jin Pyo Hong, Maeng-Je Cho, Bong-Jin Hahm
Chronotypes are classified as morning, evening, or intermediate, but there are reports of a bimodal type. This study was undertaken to describe the characteristics of the bimodal chronotype and to explore relationships between the bimodal type and psychiatric disorders, fatigue, and quality of life. A total of 2389 subjects from a Korean national epidemiological survey of psychiatric disorders responded during face-to-face interviews. The Korean Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to diagnose psychiatric disorders, and the Composite Scale of Morningness was used to assess chronotypes...
May 10, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483731/evaluation-of-patients-with-cystic-echinococcosis
#18
Emine Türkoğlu, Neşe Demirtürk, Havva Tünay, Murat Akıcı, Gürhan Öz, Didem Baskin Embleton
OBJECTIVE: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a globally prevalent zoonotic disease. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and follow-up data of patients between May 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed by screening data from a hospital automation system. RESULTS: A total of 238 (females, n=139 and males, n=99) patients with a mean age of 40.6±20.58 years were included. Less than half (40.8%) of the patients were living in the countryside...
March 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481069/-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-advantages-of-the-minimally-invasive-approach
#19
P Rodríguez Iglesias, J Gómez-Chacón Villalba, L Rodríguez Caraballo, P Ortolá Fortes, J Cortés Sáez, A Marco Macián, J J Vila Carbó
AIM: To describe our experience as a tertiary center on the use of laparoscopic adrenal surgery in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study of patients with pathologic adrenal masses undergoing laparoscopic adrenal surgery, between 2012 and 2015. Epidemiological variables, surgical technique, complications and follow-up were studied. RESULTS: Nine patients were studied with a median age of 62 months (5-184). In 3 patients (33...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479413/self-reported-bothersome-symptoms-across-different-socioepidemiological-groups-of-people-living-with-hiv-attending-french-hospitals-results-from-the-anrs-vespa2-survey
#20
Véronique Boyer, Antoine Vilotitch, Fabienne Marcellin, Baptiste Demoulin, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
CONTEXT: Twenty years after the advent of combined antiretroviral therapies (cART), there is a growing need for up-to-date information about the daily experience of people living with HIV (PLWH). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between socio-epidemiological groups and the types of bothersome symptoms reported by PLWH participating in a national survey in France. METHODS: We analyzed self-reported bothersome symptoms in a representative sample of PLWH (ANRS VESPA2 survey), most of whom were receiving ART treatment...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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