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Pain epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810899/chronic-pain-and-opioid-misuse-a-review-of-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Pauline Voon, Mohammad Karamouzian, Thomas Kerr
OBJECTIVE: The crisis of prescription opioid (PO) related harms has focused attention toward identifying and treating high-risk populations. This review aims to synthesize systematic reviews on the epidemiology and clinical management of comorbid chronic pain and PO or other substance misuse. METHODS: A systematic database search was conducted to identify systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2016. Eligible studies were systematic reviews related to chronic non-cancer pain and PO or other substance misuse...
August 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810894/chikungunya-an-emerging-viral-infection-with-varied-clinical-presentations-in-bangladesh-reports-of-seven-cases
#2
Muhammad Abdur Rahim, Khwaja Nazim Uddin
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an emerging and rapidly spreading viral infection in many parts of the world including Bangladesh. It shares many epidemiological and clinical characteristics with dengue. So, a sound knowledge is required for its detection and differentiation from dengue, specially in endemic regions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present seven confirmed cases of chikungunya having different clinical presentations occurring among middle aged males and females from different socio-economic background in Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh...
August 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809820/certain-dietary-habits-contribute-to-the-functional-dyspepsia-in-south-china-rural-area
#3
Ji-Hao Xu, Yu Lai, Li-Ping Zhuang, Can-Ze Huang, Chu-Qiang Li, Qi-Kui Chen, Tao Yu
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) refers to a group of upper gastrointestinal syndromes, subdivided into two types: postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). The etiology of FD remains unclear; however, unhealthy dietary habit is one potential underlying cause. We aim to explore the association of poor dietary habits with FD and its subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS A validated epidemiological questionnaire was designed to investigate dietary habits and gastrointestinal syndromes...
August 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808565/acute-pancreatitis-a-7-year-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-epidemiology-aetiology-and-outcome-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-jamaica
#4
Gail P Reid, Eric W Williams, Damian K Francis, Michael G Lee
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a significant cause of acute abdominal pain, morbidity and hospitalisation. There was previously a dearth of studies exploring the incidence, risk factors and outcome of AP in the Caribbean region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of AP admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed. The epidemiological profile, risk factors, clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with AP were retrospectively studied...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777869/-progress-in-genetic-research-on-psoriatic-arthritis
#5
Yan Ju, Erle Dang, Chunxiang Yang, Hongping Song
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of inflammatory arthritis found among patients with psoriasis, which can lead to pain, swelling or stiffness in one or more joints and even movement disorders. Epidemiological studies have shown a higher heritability for psoriatic arthritis compared with psoriasis vulgaris. With the evolvement of DNA sequencing, many genes have been associated with psoriasis vulgaris and psoriatic arthritis, which included MHC, TNF, LCE, IL23R, IL12B, TRAF3IP2 and TNFAIP3, though some, such as MHC, IL-13 and PTPN22, have been specifically associated with psoriatic arthritis...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770352/primary-ovarian-burkitt-s-lymphoma-a-rare-oncological-problem-in-gynaecology-a-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Anna Stepniak, Piotr Czuczwar, Piotr Szkodziak, Ewa Wozniakowska, Slawomir Wozniak, Tomasz Paszkowski
PURPOSE: This review presents the information about epidemiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and treatment of primary ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), including a literature search of available BL cases. The purpose of this review is to draw clinicians' attention to the possibility of ovarian BL occurrence, which may be important in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumours. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched using the keywords ''Burkitt's'', ''Lymphoma'', ''Ovarian'', ''Primary'', ''Burkitt's lymphoma''...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770293/case-series-of-patients-with-pathological-dyaphiseal-fractures-from-metastatic-bone-disease
#7
Dinu Vermesan, Radu Prejbeanu, Horia Haragus, Alis Dema, Manuel D Oprea, Diana Andrei, Dan V Poenaru, Marius Niculescu
INTRODUCTION: Fractures on pathologic bone have major impact on life quality. The appropriate treatment is not standardized, but the current literature delineates that surgery must provide adequate stabilization for the life expectancy. We aimed to review the epidemiology, treatment outcomes and survival in our department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The electronic database from a major referral centre was searched for patients treated for tumours and fractures by the corresponding ICM-10 codes over five years...
August 2, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768110/first-report-of-human-gastroenteritis-caused-by-escherichia-coli-o157-nm-in-brazil
#8
Renata França Castro Santos, Janaína Dos Santos Nascimento, Mercedes Passos Geimba, Claudia Titze Hessel, Eduardo Cesar Tondo
In September 2005, the Sanitary Surveillance Service of Rio de Janeiro (SSS/RJ), Brazil, investigated a case of gastroenteritis involving a 13-year-old teenager hospitalized because of bloody diarrhea and severe abdominal pain. Owing to the severity of the symptoms, an epidemiological investigation was conducted in two states of Brazil. Escherichia coli O157:NM was isolated from stools and from a tomato and cheese salad prepared at the school canteen where the teenager attended. This is the first report of a human case of gastroenteritis related to E...
August 2, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767506/defining-chronic-pain-in-epidemiological-studies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ólöf Anna Steingrímsdóttir, Tormod Landmark, Gary J Macfarlane, Christopher Sivert Nielsen
The objective was to document the operational definitions applied in epidemiological studies of chronic pain and to examine whether pain definitions and other methodological factors are systematically related to prevalence estimates. Medline, EMBASE and PSYCHINFO were searched for original research reports with study samples of at least 1,000 individuals, excluding studies of less than five out of 15 selected body regions and studies solely concerned with specific pain conditions. Meta-analyses and meta-regressions were applied with random effects models; covariates were geography, sampling year, survey method, sampling frame, participation rate, percentage women of all participants, pain duration, and pain location...
July 31, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764157/seroepidemiology-of-spotted-fever-rickettsiosis-in-uttar-pradesh-a-prospective-study
#10
Chandra Dev Pati Tripathi, Mastan Singh, Jyotsna Agarwal, Chandra Kanta, Virendra Atam
INTRODUCTION: Spotted Fever Rickettsiosis (SFR), an acute febrile illness caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, R. conorii and R. akari which is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. SFR is one of the most covert emerging infections of the present time which is prevalent in various parts of India as shown by the increase in the number of clinically diagnosed patients in various states except Uttar Pradesh. AIM: To diagnose SFR in clinically suspected patients using serological tests and recognition of common epidemiologic situations and clinical manifestations of SFR in the state of Uttar Pradesh...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760147/the-2016-high-heels-health-effects-and-psychosexual-benefits-high-habits-study-systematic-review-of-reviews-and-additional-primary-studies
#11
Max Barnish, Heather May Morgan, Jean Barnish
BACKGROUND: High-heeled shoes (high heels) are frequently worn by many women and form an important part of female gender identity. Issues of explicit and implicit compulsion to wear high heels have been noted. Previous studies and reviews have provided evidence that high heels are detrimental to health. However, the evidence base remains fragmented and no review has covered both the epidemiological and biomechanical literature. In addition, no review has considered the psychosexual benefits that offer essential context in understanding the public health challenge of high heels...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756507/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-pain-intensity-and-distribution
#12
V Candela, G Giannicola, D Passaretti, T Venditto, S Gumina
PURPOSE: Papers regarding adhesive capsulitis (AC) of the shoulder focused on etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment; until now, information on shoulder pain characteristics is still scarce. Our aim was to analyze pain intensity and distribution in patients with AC. METHODS: The study group was composed of 278 (133M-145F) consecutive patients with AC. After diagnosis, shoulder pain distribution was assessed through an upper limb pain map and pain intensity through a visual analog scale...
July 29, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751131/recommendations-of-the-brazilian-society-of-rheumatology-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chikungunya-fever-part-1-diagnosis-and-special-situations
#13
Claudia Diniz Lopes Marques, Angela Luzia Branco Pinto Duarte, Aline Ranzolin, Andrea Tavares Dantas, Nara Gualberto Cavalcanti, Rafaela Silva Guimarães Gonçalves, Laurindo Ferreira da Rocha Junior, Lilian David de Azevedo Valadares, Ana Karla Guedes de Melo, Eutilia Andrade Medeiros Freire, Roberto Teixeira, Francisco Alves Bezerra Neto, Marta Maria das Chagas Medeiros, Jozélio Freire de Carvalho, Mario Sergio F Santos, Regina Adalva de L Couto Océa, Roger A Levy, Carlos Augusto Ferreira de Andrade, Geraldo da Rocha Castelar Pinheiro, Mirhelen Mendes Abreu, José Fernando Verztman, Selma Merenlender, Sandra Lucia Euzebio Ribeiro, Izaias Pereira da Costa, Gecilmara Pileggi, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Max Igor Banks Lopes, Carlos Brito, Eduardo Figueiredo, Fabio Queiroga, Tiago Feitosa, Angélica da Silva Tenório, Gisela Rocha de Siqueira, Renata Paiva, José Tupinambá Sousa Vasconcelos, Georges Christopoulos
Chikungunya fever has become a relevant public health problem in countries where epidemics occur. Until 2013, only imported cases occurred in the Americas, but in October of that year, the first cases were reported in Saint Marin island in the Caribbean. The first autochthonous cases were confirmed in Brazil in September 2014; until epidemiological week 37 of 2016, 236,287 probable cases of infection with Chikungunya virus had been registered, 116,523 of which had serological confirmation. Environmental changes caused by humans, disorderly urban growth and an ever-increasing number of international travelers were described as the factors responsible for the emergence of large-scale epidemics...
July 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748117/epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-management-of-uric-acid-urolithiasis-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
A Abou-Elela
An in-depth comprehension of the epidemiology as well as pathophysiology of uric acid urolithiasis is important for the identification, treatment, and prophylaxis of calculi in these patients. Persistently low urinary pH, hyperuricosuria, and low urinary volume are the most important factors in pathogenesis of uric acid urolithiasis. Other various causes of calculus formation comprises of chronic diarrhea, renal hyperuricosuria, insulin resistance, primary gout, extra purine in the diet, neoplastic syndromes, and congenital hyperuricemia...
September 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743355/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-sleep-quality
#15
Ana Claudia Janiszewski Goes, Larissa Aparecida Busatto Reis, Marilia Barreto G Silva, Barbara Stadler Kahlow, Thelma L Skare
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and contribute to loss of life quality. OBJECTIVE: To study associations of sleep quality with pain, depression and disease activity in RA. METHODS: This is a transversal observational study of 112 RA patients submitted to measurement of DAS-28, Epworth scale for daily sleepiness, index of sleep quality by Pittsburg index, risk of sleep apnea by the Berlin questionnaire and degree of depression by the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale) questionnaire...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736337/tfos-dews-ii-epidemiology-report
#16
REVIEW
Fiona Stapleton, Monica Alves, Vatinee Y Bunya, Isabelle Jalbert, Kaevalin Lekhanont, Florence Malet, Kyung-Sun Na, Debra Schaumberg, Miki Uchino, Jelle Vehof, Eloy Viso, Susan Vitale, Lyndon Jones
The subcommittee reviewed the prevalence, incidence, risk factors, natural history, morbidity and questionnaires reported in epidemiological studies of dry eye disease (DED). A meta-analysis of published prevalence data estimated the impact of age and sex. Global mapping of prevalence was undertaken. The prevalence of DED ranged from 5 to 50%. The prevalence of signs was higher and more variable than symptoms. There were limited prevalence studies in youth and in populations south of the equator. The meta-analysis confirmed that prevalence increases with age, however signs showed a greater increase per decade than symptoms...
May 12, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735968/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-green-pit-viper-trimeresurus-trigonocephalus-envenoming-in-sri-lanka
#17
R M M K Namal Rathnayaka, P E A N Ranathunga, S A M Kularatne
Green pit viper is a venomous endemic snake in Sri Lanka. But little is known regarding its envenoming in the country. This study was carried out in order to find out epidemiology and clinical profile of its bites. A series of 17 patients with Sri Lankan Green pit viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) bites was prospectively studied over 4 years. The mean age was 36 ½ years (range 12-61 years) and comprised 14 (82%) males. Except one case, all bites occurred during day time (0600 h-1800 h) due to inadvertent provocation...
July 21, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734619/fibromyalgia-prevalence-epidemiologic-profiles-and-economic-costs
#18
REVIEW
Asensi Cabo-Meseguer, Germán Cerdá-Olmedo, José Luis Trillo-Mata
Fibromyalgia is an idiopathic chronic condition that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia. This review aims to approach the general epidemiology of fibromyalgia according to the most recent published studies, identifying the general worldwide prevalence of the disease, its basic epidemiological profiles and its economic costs, with specific interest in the Spanish and Comunidad Valenciana cases. Fibromyalgia affects, on average, 2.10% of the world's population; 2.31% of the European population; 2...
July 19, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733100/long-term-outcomes-after-distal-scaphoid-fractures-a-10-year-follow-up
#19
Martin Clementson, Niels Thomsen, Jack Besjakov, Peter Jørgsholm, Anders Björkman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional, clinical, and radiological outcome 10 years after distal scaphoid fractures. METHODS: From a prospective epidemiological study on posttraumatic radial-sided wrist pain, we evaluated 41 cases of distal scaphoid fractures. All cases had been treated nonsurgically in a thumb spica cast. Patients were examined using radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography at the time of injury and with computed tomography after a median of 10 years (range, 8-11 years)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731995/-update-on-chronic-pancreatitis-review-article
#20
Frank Czul, Emmanuel Coronel, Jean A Donet
Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive fibro-inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by irreversible fibrosis of the gland with eventual failure of exocrine and endocrine functions and hallmark features of abdominal pain, malabsorption, malnutrition, diabetes mellitus and pancreatic calcifications. In many patients this disease results from a complex mix of environmental (eg, alcohol, cigarettes, and occupational chemicals), genetic factors and a few patients with hereditary or autoimmune disease...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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