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Pain epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235193/chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-european-older-adults-cross-national-and-gender-differences
#1
M Cimas, A Ayala, B Sanz, M S Agulló-Tomás, A Escobar, M J Forjaz
BACKGROUND: In an ageing Europe, chronic pain is a major public health problem, but robust epidemiological data are scarce. This study aimed to analyse the prevalence of and factors associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain by gender in older adults of 14 European countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from wave 5 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The study included people ≥50 years residing in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232903/pediatric-thermal-burns-and-treatment-a-review-of-progress-and-future-prospects
#2
REVIEW
Elton Mathias, Madhu Srinivas Murthy
Burn injuries are a devastating critical care problem. In children, burns continue to be a major epidemiologic problem around the globe resulting in significant morbidity and death. Apparently, treating these burn injuries in children and adults remains similar, but there are significant physiological and psychological differences. The dermal layer of the skin is generally thinner in neonates, infants, and children than in adults. Enhanced evaporative loss and need for isotonic fluids increases the risk of hypothermia in the pediatric population...
December 11, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232420/atypical-herpes-zoster-presentation-in-a-healthy-vaccinated-pediatric-patient
#3
Alicia T Dagrosa, Lindsey K Collins, M Shane Chapman
We report the case of a 6-year-old girl with no notable medical history who presented to the dermatology clinic for evaluation of left leg pain with an overlying erythematous rash of 4 days' duration. Clinical examination revealed pink patches and plaques in a unilateral L5 distribution with an isolated pinpoint vesicle. Direct fluorescent antibody testing confirmed varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection, establishing a diagnosis of herpes zoster (HZ). The patient previously had received the VZV vaccine in the left leg and arm and had no history of primary VZV infection...
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230550/-acupuncture-covered-by-statutory-health-insurance-in-germany-an-observational-study-based-on-claims-data
#4
L Hickstein, S Kiel, C Raus, S Heß, J Walker, J-F Chenot
BACKGROUND: The coverage for acupuncture for chronic lower back or knee pain by the statutory health insurance was introduced in 2007. The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of patients and providers of acupuncture and temporal and regional trends in the utilization of acupuncture. METHODS: This retrospective observational study used anonymized statutory health insurance claims data from a sample of roughly four million subjects. The sample is representative of the German population regarding age and gender in 2013...
December 11, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230375/the-impact-of-choosing-words-carefully-an-online-investigation-into-imaging-reporting-strategies-and-best-practice-care-for-low-back-pain
#5
Emma L Karran, Yasmin Medalian, Susan L Hillier, G Lorimer Moseley
Background: Low back pain clinical practice guidelines consistently recommend against the routine ordering of spinal imaging; however, imaging is frequently requested in primary care, without evidence of benefit. Imaging reports frequently identify degenerative features which are likely to be interpreted as 'abnormal', despite their high prevalence in symptom-free individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether post-imaging back-related perceptions are influenced by providing prior information about normal findings, and to compare the effect of receiving imaging results with best practice care (without imaging)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229002/comprehensive-analysis-of-ectopic-mandibular-third-molar-a-rare-clinical-entity-revisited
#6
Yaping Wu, Yue Song, Rong Huang, Jiaan Hu, Xiaotong He, Yanling Wang, Guangchao Zhou, Chao Sun, Hongbing Jiang, Jie Cheng, Dongmiao Wang
BACKGROUND: Ectopic mandibular third molar is a rare clinical entity with incompletely known etiology. Here, we sought to delineate its epidemiological, clinical and radiographic characteristics, and therapy by integrating and analyzing the cases treated in our institution together with previously reported cases. METHOD: A new definition and classification for ectopic mandibular third molar was proposed based on its anatomic location on panoramic images. Thirty-eight ectopic mandibular third molars in 37 patients and 51 teeth in 49 patients were identified in our disease registry and from literature (1990-2016), respectively...
December 11, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227497/dietary-fruits-and-arthritis
#7
REVIEW
Arpita Basu, Jace Schell, R Hal Scofield
Arthritis is a global health concern affecting a significant proportion of the population and associated with reduced quality of life. Among the different forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are the most common and lacking a definite cure in the affected individuals. Fruits, such as berries and pomegranates are rich sources of a variety of dietary bioactive compounds, especially the polyphenolic flavonoids that have been associated with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects...
December 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225757/dengue-fever-in-a-south-asian-metropolis-a-report-on-219-cases
#8
Shiv Sekhar Chatterjee, Ankush Sharma, Shilpee Choudhury, Sushil Kumar Chumber, Ras Bage, Nittin Parkhe, Uma Khanduri
Background and Objectives: Yearly epidemics of Dengue fever occur post-monsoon in India's capital, Delhi. A prospective observational study was conducted during the outbreak months to understand the epidemiology and outcome of this infection and its economic impact. Materials and Methods: Febrile hospitalized (n=219) patients with dengue fever diagnosed by a combination of MAC-ELISA, GAC-ELISA and NS1Antigen-ELISA were enrolled. Epidemiologic (including economic) parameters, clinical, radiological and laboratory manifestations were noted and patients followed up over the period of hospital stay...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224813/psychometric-validation-of-the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#9
K S Chhabria, G D Carnaby
OBJECTIVE: The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a 20-item tool developed to screen for depression in the general population. To psychometrically evaluate and validate the CES-D scale for use in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. METHODS: The CES-D was applied to 130 subjects at onset of radiation treatment and 3-months following treatment. Analysis was conducted via face and content validity using two expert raters, internal consistency was applied using Cronbach's alpha, test retest reliability comparing baseline to 3-month application, concurrent validity was performed against the FACT-H&N and Pain Disability Index, construct validity was conducted via exploratory factor analysis...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224060/differences-between-osteoradionecrosis-and-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#10
Masaya Akashi, Satoshi Wanifuchi, Eiji Iwata, Daisuke Takeda, Junya Kusumoto, Shungo Furudoi, Takahide Komori
PURPOSE: The appearance of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is similar, but clinically important differences between ORN and MRONJ exist. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical data between ORN and MRONJ and to reveal the critical differences between these diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the epidemiological data, clinical findings, and treatment in 27 ORN and 61 MRONJ patients. Radiographic signs before the initiation of treatment were also assessed...
December 9, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222059/some-cochrane-risk-of-bias-items-are-not-important-in-osteoarthritis-trials-a-meta-epidemiological-study-based-on-cochrane-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Julie Bolvig, Carsten B Juhl, Isabelle Boutron, Peter Tugwell, Elizabeth A T Ghogomu, Jordi Pardo Pardo, Tamara Rader, George A Wells, Alain Mayhew, Lara Maxwell, Hans Lund, Henning Bliddal, Robin Christensen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of bias-related study characteristics on treatment effects in osteoarthritis (OA) trials. STUDY DESIGN: Based on OA trials included in Cochrane reviews the impact of study characteristics on treatment effect estimates were evaluated. Characteristics included items of the risk of bias tool (RoB), trial size, single vs multi-site, and source of funding. Effect sizes were calculated as standardized mean differences (SMDs). Meta-regression was performed to identify "relevant study-level covariates" that decreases the between-study variance (τˆ2)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219671/idiopathic-retroperitoneal-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-142-chinese-patients
#12
S Liao, Y Wang, K Li, J Zhu, J Zhang, F Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological, clinicolaboratory, imaging, and therapeutic characteristics of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (iRPF) in China. METHOD: All patients presenting to the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 1996 to July 2016 diagnosed with iRPF were included. Data were collected from medical records and the smoking index was calculated. Scheel radiological classification was used to assess the extent of soft-tissue density...
December 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219049/role-of-mitochondrial-mechanism-in-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#13
Mohammad Waseem, Pooja Kaushik, Heena Tabassum, Suhel Parvez
BACKGROUND: Even though chemotherapeutic regimens shows considerable importance, it may cause progressive, continuing and sometimes irreversible peripheral neuropathy. Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) comprises of sensory abnormalities that are most distress issues. The mechanism associated with CIPN pathogenesis is not completely revealed and is treatment is still questionable. The purpose of this review was to investigate the role of mitochondria in CIPN. METHODS: This review is literature based that describes the mitochondrial mechanism underlying CIPN and the neuropathic complications associated with different antineoplastic agents...
December 7, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216521/the-use-of-palliative-medications-before-death-from-prostate-cancer-swedish-population-based-study-with-a-comparative-overview-of-european-data
#14
Magdalena Lycken, Linda Drevin, Hans Garmo, Pär Stattin, Jan Adolfsson, Ingela Franck Lissbrant, Lars Holmberg, Anna Bill-Axelson
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of terminal cancer have previously been reported as undertreated. The aim of this study was to assess the use of palliative medications before death from prostate cancer. METHODS: This Swedish register study included men who died from 2009 to 2012 with prostate cancer as the underlying cause of death. We assessed the proportion who collected a prescription of androgen deprivation therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, paracetamol, opioids, glucocorticoids, antidepressants, anxiolytics and sedative-hypnotics and the differences in treatment related to age, time since diagnosis, educational level, close relatives and comorbidities...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216028/progress-toward-global-eradication-of-dracunculiasis-january-2016-june-2017
#15
Donald R Hopkins, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Mark L Eberhard, Sharon L Roy, Adam J Weiss
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) is caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a parasitic worm. Approximately 1 year after a person acquires infection from contaminated drinking water, the worm emerges through the skin, usually on a lower limb (1). Pain and secondary bacterial infection can cause temporary or permanent disability that disrupts work and schooling. The campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis worldwide began in 1980 at CDC. In 1986, the World Health Assembly called for dracunculiasis elimination,* and the global Guinea Worm Eradication Program, led by the Carter Center and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund, CDC, and other partners, began assisting ministries of health in countries with endemic dracunculiasis...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211217/application-of-unilateral-pectoralis-major-muscle-flap-in-the-treatment-of-sternal-wound-dehiscence
#16
Grazielle de Souza Horácio, Pedro Soler Coltro, Antonio Albacete, Juliano Baron Almeida, Vinícius Zolezi da Silva, Ivan de Rezende Almeida, Alfredo José Rodrigues, Jayme Adriano Farina
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report the use of the unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap for the treatment of the sternal wound dehiscence. METHODS: A retrospective study including patients who underwent unilateral pectoralis major muscle flap was performed for the treatment of sternotomy dehiscence due to coronary artery bypass, valve replacement, congenital heart disease correction and mediastinitis, between 1997 and 2016. Data from the epidemiological profile of patients, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications and mortality rate were obtained...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211169/artisanal-fisherwomen-shellfish-gatherers-analyzing-the-impact-of-upper-limb-functioning-and-disability-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#17
Juliana Dos Santos Müller, Ila Rocha Falcão, Maria Carolina Barreto Moreira Couto, Wendel da Silva Viana, Ivone Batista Alves, Denise Nunes Viola, Courtney Georgette Woods, Rita de Cássia Franco Rêgo
The aim is to analyze upper limb functioning and disability, and its association with health-related quality of life among artisanal fisherwomen from Bahia, Brazil. Cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of 209 fisherwomen. Structured questionnaires were used for socio-demographic and comorbidity information, as well as the instruments Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Short-Form Healthy Survey (SF-36) respectively, to evaluate the upper limbs and health-related quality of life...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207702/nagging-presence-of-clostridium-difficile-associated-diarrhoea-in-north-india
#18
Rama Chaudhry, Nidhi Sharma, Nitin Gupta, Kamla Kant, Tej Bahadur, Trupti M Shende, Lalit Kumar, Sushil K Kabra
Introduction: Clostridium Difficile Associated Diarrhoea (CDAD) is a significant cause of morbidity in hospitalised patients worldwide. The data on clinical epidemiology of this disease in Indian subcontinent is scarce. Aim: To evaluate the risk factors and clinical course of patients with CDAD. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was planned at our tertiary care centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, whereby, all patients who had nosocomial diarrhea between 2010 and 2014 were included in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196945/pain-in-platin-induced-neuropathies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Vasiliki Brozou, Athina Vadalouca, Panagiotis Zis
INTRODUCTION: Platin-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) is a common cause of PN in cancer patients. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the current literature regarding PIPN, with a particular focus on epidemiological and clinical characteristics of painful PIPN, and to discuss relevant management strategies. METHODS: A systematic computer-based literature search was conducted on the PubMed database. RESULTS: This search strategy resulted in the identification of 353 articles...
December 1, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190571/patterns-and-predictors-of-pain-following-lung-transplantation
#20
Julia M Farquhar, Patrick J Smith, Laurie Snyder, Alice L Gray, John M Reynolds, James A Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine variability in pain levels following lung transplantation, and examine individual biopsychosocial factors influencing changes in pain. METHOD: We performed a retrospective study of a cohort of 150 patients transplanted and discharged from Duke University Hospital between January 2015 and September 2016. During hospitalization and at clinic visits up to two months after discharge, subjective pain ratings were obtained using a 0-10 Numeric Rating Scale...
November 21, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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