keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adrenal hormones

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079539/preoperative-ketoconazole-therapy-for-primary-bilateral-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-independent-macronodular-adrenal-hyperplasia-syndrome
#1
Rukma Parthvi, Sunil Mehra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078330/pheochromocytoma-in-urologic-practice
#2
Nikhil Waingankar, Gennady Bratslavsky, Camilo Jimenez, Paul Russo, Alexander Kutikov
CONTEXT: Pheochromocytoma is regularly encountered in urological practice and requires a thoughtful and careful clinical approach. OBJECTIVE: To review clinical aspects of management of pheochromocytoma in urologic practice. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of English-language literature was performed through year 2015 using the Medline database. Manuscripts were selected with consensus of the coauthors and evaluated using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
February 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074381/adrenal-hormones-before-and-after-venography-during-adrenal-venous-sampling-a-self-controlled-study
#3
Yuya Koike, Seishi Matsui, Masao Omura, Kohzoh Makita, Alfonso W D Obara, Nobukazu Moriya, Tetsuo Nishikawa
OBJECTIVE: A stress reaction involving increased adrenal hormone release occurs when starting adrenal venous sampling (AVS). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of single shot venography on adrenal hormone production during AVS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective self-controlled study. We enrolled 54 consecutive patients (21 men, 33 women; mean age 52 ± 11 years) with primary aldosteronism who underwent AVS from May 2014 to February 2015...
January 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073054/adrenal-failure-due-to-bilateral-adrenal-metastasis-of-rectal-cancer-a-case-report
#4
Yuki Imaoka, Fumito Kuranishi, Yoshiteru Ogawa, Hiroshi Okuda, Masahiro Nakahara
INTRODUCTION: It is rare for a patient to present with adrenal insufficiency secondary to bilateral adrenal metastases from a malignant colorectal tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old Japanese man presented to our hospital with high fever and malaise. He was receiving oral chemotherapy for the treatment of rectal cancer with multiple metastases. Computed tomography showed new bilateral adrenal gland metastases. A rapid adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) test showed adrenal insufficiency...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070618/blunted-5-ht1a-receptor-mediated-responses-and-antidepressant-like-behavior-in-mice-lacking-the-gabab1a-but-not-gabab1b-subunit-isoforms
#5
Laura H Jacobson, Daniel Hoyer, Dominique Fehlmann, Bernhard Bettler, Klemens Kaupmann, John F Cryan
RATIONALE: There is accumulating evidence for a role of GABAB receptors in depression. GABAB receptors are heterodimers of GABAB1 and GABAB2 receptor subunits. The predominant GABAB1 subunit isoforms are GABAB1a and GABAB1b. GABAB1 isoforms in mice differentially influence cognition, conditioned fear, and susceptibility to stress, yet their influence in tests of antidepressant-like activity has not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVES: Given the interactions between GABAB receptors and the serotonergic system and the involvement of 5-HT1A receptors (5-HT1AR) in antidepressant action, we sought to evaluate 5-HT1AR function in GABAB1a(-/-) and GABAB1b(-/-) mice...
January 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069904/detection-and-activity-of-11-beta-hydroxylase-cyp11b1-in-the-bovine-ovary
#6
Ayelen N Amweg, Fernanda Mariel Rodriguez, Emilia Huber, Belkis E Marelli, Natalia Gareis, Eduardo M Belotti, Florencia Rey, Natalia Raquel Salvetti, Hugo H Ortega
Glucocorticoids (GCs) such as cortisol and corticosterone are important steroid hormones with different functions in intermediate metabolism, development, cell differentiation, immune response and reproduction. In response to physiological and immunological stress, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) acts on the adrenal gland by stimulating synthesis and secretion of GCs. However, there is increasing evidence that GCs may also be synthesized by extra-adrenal tissues. Here, we examined the gene and protein expression of the enzyme 11β-hydroxylase P450c11 (CYP11B1), involved in the conversion of 11-deoxycortisol to cortisol, in the different components of the bovine ovary, and determined the functionality of CYP11B1 in vitro...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063406/contemporary-imaging-of-incidentally-discovered-adrenal-masses
#7
REVIEW
Daniel J Wale, Ka Kit Wong, Benjamin L Viglianti, Domenico Rubello, Milton D Gross
Adrenal lesions are routinely encountered incidentally in clinical practice. Although most of these lesions are benign, malignancy needs to be excluded. Therefore, the initial clinical workup is to exclude aggressive characteristics suggesting malignancy and to identify characteristics predictive of the most common benign lesion, an adrenal adenoma. Predicting a benign adenoma using a variety of imaging modalities has been widely studied using unenhanced computed tomography (CT), contrast enhanced CT, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging...
January 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062256/dehydroepiandrosterone-increases-the-number-and-dendrite-maturation-of-doublecortin-cells-in-the-dentate-gyrus-of-middle-age-male-wistar-rats-exposed-to-chronic-mild-stress
#8
J J Herrera-Pérez, L Martínez-Mota, G Jiménez-Rubio, L Ortiz-López, E A Cabrera-Muñoz, N Galindo-Sevilla, E Zambrano, F Hernández-Luis, G B Ramírez-Rodríguez, M Flores-Ramos
Aging increases the vulnerability to stress and risk of developing depression. These changes have been related to a reduction of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels, an adrenal steroid with anti-stress effects. Also, adult hippocampal neurogenesis decreases during aging and its alteration or impaired is related to the development of depression. Besides, it has been hypothesized that DHEA increases the formation of new neurons. However, it is unknown whether treatment with DHEA in aging may stimulate the dendrite maturation of newborn neurons and reversing depressive-like signs evoked by chronic stress exposure...
January 4, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058099/adenomatoid-tumor-of-the-adrenal-gland-in-young-woman-from-clinical-and-radiological-to-pathological-study
#9
Brankica Krstevska, Sasha Jovanovska Mishevska, Rubens Jovanovic
Adenomatoid tumors are neoplasms of mesothelial origin, usually occurring in the male and female genital tracts. Extragenital localization sites such as adrenal glands are rare but have been reported. When found in the adrenals, they represent great clinical, radiological and pathological diagnostic challenge, with wide range of differential diagnoses to be considered. We present a case of a 30 years old female, with incidental ultrasound finding of unilateral tumor in the right adrenal gland. Multi slices CT scan was of value in localizing this tumor, but not in the precise diagnosis...
November 17, 2016: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057851/corticotropin-releasing-hormone-improves-survival-in-pneumococcal-pneumonia-by-reducing-pulmonary-inflammation
#10
Brittney Burnley, Harlan P Jones
The use of glucocorticoids to reduce inflammatory responses is largely based on the knowledge of the physiological action of the endogenous glucocorticoid, cortisol. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide released from the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis of the central nervous system. This hormone serves as an important mediator of adaptive physiological responses to stress. In addition to its role in inducing downstream cortisol release that in turn regulates immune suppression, CRH has also been found to mediate inflammatory responses in peripheral tissues...
January 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057551/metabolite-inactive-etomidate-analogues-alleviating-suppression-on-adrenal-function-in-beagle-dogs
#11
Jun Yang, Yi Kang, Bin Wang, Linghui Yang, Jin Liu, Wensheng Zhang
Owing to rapid generation in body, the metabolites of etomidate softdrug are able to accumulate in either the brain or periphery and subsequently affect the recovery from anaesthesia or cause corticosteroid suppression. This study was designed to investigate the ability of two etomidate analogues (ET-26, ET-42) with inactive metabolites to provide anaesthesia with lesser corticosteroid suppression. The 50% effective dose (ED50) of ET-26, ET-42, Etomidate, MOC-ET (an etomidate softdrug) and CPMM (an improved etomidate softdrug) required to induce anaesthesia intravenously in Beagle dogs were 1...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043700/prenatal-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-exposure-and-disruption-of-adrenal-androgens-and-glucocorticoids-levels-in-cord-blood-the-hokkaido-study
#12
Atsuko Araki, Takahiko Mitsui, Houman Goudarzi, Tamie Nakajima, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Itoh, Seiko Sasaki, Kazutoshi Cho, Kimihiko Moriya, Nobuo Shinohara, Katsuya Nonomura, Reiko Kishi
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is known for its endocrine disrupting properties. We previously demonstrated that prenatal DEHP exposure is associated with decreased progesterone levels and testosterone/estradiol ratio in the cord blood. However, evidence of the effects of prenatal DEHP exposure on adrenal androgen and glucocorticoids in infants is scarce. Thus, the objectives of this study were to investigate the association between prenatal DEHP exposure and adrenal androgen and glucocorticoids, and to discuss its effects on steroid hormone profiles in infants...
December 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042822/enduring-sexually-dimorphic-impact-of-in-utero-exposure-to-elevated-levels-of-glucocorticoids-on-midbrain-dopaminergic-populations
#13
REVIEW
Glenda E Gillies, Kanwar Virdee, Ilse Pienaar, Felwah Al-Zaid, Jeffrey W Dalley
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) released from the fetal/maternal glands during late gestation are required for normal development of mammalian organs and tissues. Accordingly, synthetic glucocorticoids have proven to be invaluable in perinatal medicine where they are widely used to accelerate fetal lung maturation when there is risk of pre-term birth and to promote infant survival. However, clinical and pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that inappropriate exposure of the developing brain to elevated levels of GCs, either as a result of clinical over-use or after stress-induced activation of the fetal/maternal adrenal cortex, is linked with significant effects on brain structure, neurological function and behaviour in later life...
December 30, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032206/ovarian-adrenal-rest-tumors-undetected-by-imaging-studies-and-identified-at-surgery-in-three-females-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-unresponsive-to-increased-hormone-therapy-dosage
#14
Hua-Dong Chen, Li-E Huang, Zhi-Hai Zhong, Zhe Su, Hong Jiang, Jing Zeng, Jun-Cheng Liu
Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia have a predisposition for developing adrenal rest tumors. In contrast to testicular adrenal rest tumors, ovarian adrenal rest tumors are less common, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. This report presents three Chinese female congenital adrenal hyperplasia patients (9 to 15 years of age) with small ectopic adrenal cortical nodules that were not detected by imaging but were diagnosed at surgery. All three patients developed virilization with elevation of 17- hydroxyprogesterone, androstenedione, and androgen levels despite receiving maximum adrenal hormone replacement therapy...
December 28, 2016: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029028/the-recovery-of-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-is-rapid-in-subclinical-cushing-syndrome
#15
Hee Kyung Kim, Jee Hee Yoon, Yun Ah Jeong, Ho Cheol Kang
BACKGROUND: In subclinical Cushing syndrome (SC), it is assumed that glucocorticoid production is insufficient to cause a clinically recognizable syndrome. Differences in hormonal levels or recovery time of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis after adrenalectomy between patients with overt Cushing syndrome (OC) and SC remain unknown. METHODS: Thirty-six patients (10 with OC and 26 with SC) with adrenal Cushing syndrome who underwent adrenalectomy from 2004 to 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024808/total-and-free-cortisol-responses-and-their-relation-to-outcomes-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-infants
#16
Eric L Wald, Carl L Backer, Joseph A Dearani, Zhuo Li, William C Oliver, Sheri S Crow
BACKGROUND: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction may be partially responsible for the hemodynamic instability experienced by infants after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We report the full spectrum of the HPA response surrounding CPB for infant congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 84 infants who received 1 mg/kg of dexamethasone before initiation of CPB. Total cortisol (TC), free cortisol (FC), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) were measured at 3 time points: immediately before CPB (TP1), on intensive care unit arrival (TP2), and at 24 hours after surgery (TP3)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018694/anterior-hypopituitarism-and-treatment-response-in-hunter-syndrome-a-comparison-of-two-patients
#17
Munier A Nour, Paola Luca, David Stephure, Xing-Chang Wei, Aneal Khan
Hypopituitarism is a clinically important diagnosis and has not previously been reported in Hunter syndrome. We contrast two cases with anatomic pituitary anomalies: one with anterior panhypopituitarism and the other with intact pituitary function. Patient 1, a 10-year-old boy with Hunter syndrome, was evaluated for poor growth and an ectopic posterior pituitary gland. Endocrine testing revealed growth hormone (GH) deficiency, secondary adrenal insufficiency, and tertiary hypothyroidism. An improvement in growth velocity with hormone replacement (GH, thyroxine, and corticosteroid) was seen; however, final adult height remained compromised...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018684/a-large-isolated-hydatid-cyst-of-the-adrenal-gland-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Fatehi Elnour Elzein, Abdullah Aljaberi, Abdullah AlFiaar, Abdullah Alghamdi
A 44-year-old patient presented with two-year history of (R) lumbar pain. There was a strong history of childhood animals' contact, including dogs. A brother had multiple hydatid cysts requiring surgery. Initial ultrasound showed a large (R) adrenal mass measuring 10 × 9 × 8 cm. Subsequent CT scan confirmed a heavily calcified cyst in the (R) adrenal gland. Hormonal studies were normal. He had an uneventful course following a total adrenalectomy. Isolated adrenal hydatid is extremely rare with an incidence of less than 0...
2016: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018291/adrenal-gland-microenvironment-and-its-involvement-in-the-regulation-of-stress-induced-hormone-secretion-during-sepsis
#19
REVIEW
Waldemar Kanczkowski, Mariko Sue, Stefan R Bornstein
Survival of all living organisms depends on maintenance of a steady state of homeostasis, which process relies on its ability to react and adapt to various physical and emotional threats. The defense against stress is executed by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the sympathetic-adrenal medullary system. Adrenal gland is a major effector organ of stress system. During stress, adrenal gland rapidly responds with increased secretion of glucocorticoids (GCs) and catecholamines into circulation, which hormones, in turn, affect metabolism, to provide acutely energy, vasculature to increase blood pressure, and the immune system to prevent it from extensive activation...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013434/the-effect-of-local-injection-of-methylprednisolone-acetate-on-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-among-patients-with-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome
#20
George Habib, Shada Elias, Muhanned Abu-Elhaija, Fahed Sakas, Fadi Khazin, Suheil Artul, Adel Jabbour, Haneen Jabaly-Habib
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is a common clinical entity for which the most effective treatment is local corticosteroid injection (LCI). There are no studies on the effect of LCI among patients with GTPS on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The present study recruited nonselected patients diagnosed with GTPS. After consenting, participants received low dose (1 μg) of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) stimulation test at 09:00. Immediately following the test, participants received a LCI of 80 mg of methylprednisolone acetate at the greater trochanteric region...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
keyword
keyword
116765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"