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History of medicie

Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Teresa Gontijo Castro, Cameron C Grant, Clare R Wall, Ana Lúcia da Silva Castro, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Sandra Elisabete Vieira, Silvia Regina Dias Medici Saldiva, Dirce Maria Marchioni
BACKGROUND: Women's health during their reproductive years and whilst pregnant has implications for their children's health, both in utero and during childhood. Associations of women's pre-pregnancy dietary patterns (DP) with maternal socio-demographic characteristics and nutrient intake were investigated in ProcriAr cohort study in São Paulo/Brazil, 2012. METHODS: The DPs of 454 women were investigated by principal component factor analysis, using dietary information from a validated 110-item food frequency questionnaire...
March 1, 2018: BMC Public Health
Rogelio Pinon-Gutierrez, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Charles H Halsted, Valentina Medici
AIM: To study differences of presentation, management, and prognosis of alcoholic hepatitis in Latinos compared to Caucasians. METHODS: We retrospectively screened 876 charts of Caucasian and Latino patients who were evaluated at University of California Davis Medical Center between 1/1/2002-12/31/2014 with the diagnosis of alcoholic liver disease. We identified and collected data on 137 Caucasians and 64 Latinos who met criteria for alcoholic hepatitis, including chronic history of heavy alcohol use, at least one episode of jaundice with bilirubin ≥ 3...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Deivis De Campos, Andrea Oxley Da Rocha, Rodrigo De Oliveira Lemos, Tais Malysz, João Antonio Bonatto-Costa, Geraldo Pereira Jotz, Lino Pinto De Oliveira Junior, Miriam Da Costa Oliveira
Numerous studies have shown that many works of art from the Renaissance period contain hidden symbols and codes that could have religious, mathematical and/or pagan significance and even anatomical allusions. In this context, the present manuscript offers new evidence that the great genius of anatomy, Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564), included pagan symbols associated with female anatomy in the funerary monuments found in the Sagrestia Nuova/Medici Chapel (1519-1533) in Florence, Italy. The interpretation of the symbols provided in this study will interest those with a passion for the history of anatomy...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
Valentina Giuffra, Simona Minozzi, Angelica Vitiello, Antonio Fornaciari
OBJECTIVES: Throughout history, gout has been referred to as the "disease of the kings", and has been clearly associated with the lifestyle of the aristocratic social classes. According to the written sources, several members of the famous Medici family of Florence suffered from an arthritic disease that contemporary physicians called "gout". A paleopathological study carried out on the skeletal remains of some members of the family, exhumed from their tombs in the Church of San Lorenzo in Florence, offered a unique opportunity to directly investigate the evidence of the arthritic diseases affecting this elite group...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
A Puggioli, M Carrieri, M L Dindo, A Medici, R S Lees, J R L Gilles, R Bellini
Critical to successful application of the sterile insect technique against Aedes albopictus (Skuse) is the development of an efficient and standardized rearing protocol to be employed in the mass production system. In this study, several life history traits of Ae. albopictus were analyzed to identify upper and lower thresholds of larval density and diet concentration. Survival to pupation, time to pupation, and sex ratio were evaluated under a range of larval densities (0.5-5 larvae/ml) and food levels (0.05-1...
August 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
Angelica Vitiello, Antonio Fornaciari, Sara Giusiani, Gino Fornaciari, Valentina Giuffra
Exploration of the Medici chapels in San Lorenzo in Florence revealed the burials of nine infantile members of the Medici family. Eight children were found in the intact tomb of the last Grand Duke Giangastone (1671- 1737). The crypt contained several small coffins collapsed to the floor or randomly spread over a raised plank, as a result of the disastrous flood of the Arno river in 1966, which partly upset the tomb and left a layer of dry mould. The children's remains, mostly skeletonised, were found inside the coffins or scattered on the floor or on the plank, probably transported by the water...
2015: Medicina Nei Secoli
Maria Cristina Medici, Carlo Chezzi, Flora De Conto, Francesca Ferraglia, Federica Pinardi, Maria Cristina Arcangeletti, Daniela Bernasconi, Claudio Galli, Adriana Calderaro
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection should be adapted according to the clinical status of the patient. OBJECTIVES: We exploited the application of different HCV diagnostic algorithms in a tertiary care hospital practice. STUDY DESIGN: The laboratory clinical reports to the medical orders for HCV testing during three years were clustered by different combinations of assays for anti-HCV antibodies (HCV Ab) (screening and confirmatory), HCV nucleic acid (HCV-RNA), HCV core antigen (HCV Ag)...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Danielle R Dugat, Emily L Medici, Mark C Rochat, Jason A Arble, Timothy A Snider
An 8 yr old, reportedly castrated male Boston terrier presented with a history of generalized hyperesthesia and intermittent shifting leg lameness. Physical examination revealed a caudal abdominal mass and bilateral shoulder pain. A complete blood count, serum biochemistry panel, and urinalysis were unremarkable. Thoracic radiographs demonstrated bony proliferation and lysis of the third sternebra, an expansile lesion of the left tenth rib, and lucency in both proximal humeral metaphyses. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound revealed a soft tissue mass within the caudoventral right abdomen...
November 2015: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Maura Castagna, Valentina Giuffra, Silvia Fattori, Angelica Vitiello, Davide Caramella, Davide Giustini, Gino Fornaciari
Among the children found in the crypt of the Grand Duke Giangastone in S. Lorenzo Basilica (Florence), the skeletal remains of a 5-year-old child still wearing his fine high social status clothing were recovered. This child of the Medici family was identified as Don Filippino (1577-1582), son of the Grand Duke Francesco I (1541-1587) and Giovanna from Austria (1547 - 1578). The prince showed several pathological deformities of the cranial and post-cranial skeleton, including enlargement of the cranium, thinning of the cranial vault bones (craniotabes), platybasia and marked bending of femora, tibiae and fibulae...
2014: Medicina Nei Secoli
Miguel Clavero, Carlos Nores, Susanne Kubersky-Piredda, Alejandro Centeno-Cuadros
Anciently introduced species can be confounded with native species because introduction pre-dates the first species inventories or because of the loss of the collective memory of the introductions. The term 'cryptogenic species' denotes species of unknown or unclear status (native versus non-native) in a given territory, and disciplinary approaches are often insufficient for solving their true status. Here, we follow an integrative, multidisciplinary approach to solve the status of a cryptogenic species, proposing that building on evidence from multiple disciplines can produce robust and clarifying insights...
November 2016: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Kian Eftekhari, Christina H Choe, M Reza Vagefi, Lauren A Eckstein
Jousting was a popular pastime for royalty in the Renaissance era. Injuries were common, and the eye was particularly at risk from the splinters of the wooden lance. On June 30, 1559, Henry II of France participated in a jousting tournament to celebrate two royal weddings. In the third match, Gabriel de Montgomery struck Henry on the right shoulder and the lance splintered, sending wooden shards into his face and right orbit. Despite being cared for by the prominent physicians Ambroise Paré and Andreas Vesalius, the king died 10 days later and was found to have a cerebral abscess...
May 2015: Survey of Ophthalmology
Alfredo de Micheli
Super trajectory is reported of tobacco from his first meeting with the European man October 15, 1492. This plant was known in Europe by the publications of the Sevillan physician Nicolas Monardes (1574), the relations of friar Andrés Thevet (1575) and the famous botanical treatise of Charles de l'Écluse (1605). The Swedish botanist Karl Linnaeus inclused tobacco plant in the family Solanaceae and deleted from this group other plants that were intermixed with it. Its botanical name (Nicotiana tabacum) derived from the surname of the French ambassador to Portugal, Jean Nicot of Villemain, who in 1560 sent it to the Queen Mother of France Cathérine de Medicis...
October 2015: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Maria Cristina Medici, Fabio Tummolo, Melisa Berenice Bonica, Elisabeth Heylen, Mark Zeller, Adriana Calderaro, Jelle Matthijnssens
The group A rotavirus (RVA) P[14] genotype has been detected sporadically in humans and is thought to be acquired through zoonotic transmission. The present study describes the full-length genome analysis of two G8P[14] and one G10P[14] human RVAs detected in Italy. The strains possessed the typical bovine-like I2-R2-C2-M2-A3/A11-N2-T6-E2-H3 genotype constellation. All the segments of the two G8P[14] RVAs were most closely related to bovine(-like) strains but were relatively distant to each other, suggesting two independent interspecies transmission events...
May 2015: Journal of General Virology
John E Lewis, Laura Lantigua, Steven E Atlas, Johanna Lopez, Armando Mendez, Sharon Goldberg, Sacha Medici, Janet Konefal, Judi M Woolger, Eduard Tiozzo, Karyem H Aliffe
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is frequently unrecognized until complications appear. Diabetic autonomic neuropathy is one of the early complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of ANS function indicators to screen for type 2 diabetes mellitus, as measured by the TM-Oxi and SudoPath system. METHODS: All enrolled participants completed a basic sociodemographic and medical history questionnaire including current medications...
2014: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Gino Fornaciari, Pietro Bartolozzi, Carlo Bartolozzi, Barbara Rossi, Ilario Menchi, Andrea Piccioli
BACKGROUND: The Medici project consisted in archeological and paleopathological researches on some members of the great dynasty of the Italian Renaissance. The remains of Giovanni de' Medici, so-called "dalle Bande Nere" (Forlì 1498- Mantua 1526) have not been investigated yet. The enigma of the fatal injury and leg amputation of the famous Captain excited curiosity of paleopathologists, medical scientists and Italian Society of Orthopedic and Traumatology which contributed to realize the project of exhumation and study of his skeletal remains...
2014: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Cara Torruellas, Samuel W French, Valentina Medici
Alcohol is a hepatotoxin that is commonly consumed worldwide and is associated with a spectrum of liver injury including simple steatosis or fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a general term used to refer to this spectrum of alcohol-related liver injuries. Excessive or harmful alcohol use is ranked as one of the top five risk factors for death and disability globally and results in 2.5 million deaths and 69.4 million annual disability adjusted life years...
September 7, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Pascal Bader
More than a hundred epigraphic documents on different writing materials refer to medical staff in the Roman army. This paper focuses on the identity, legal status and origin of the Roman army medical staff--a topic which until now has hardly been studied. Various titles were conferred to a large number of medical staff in every unit of the Roman army; the doctors (medici) were the most numerous and had different ranks and status. The onomastic study of the inscriptions reveals a large proportion of Roman citizens in the military medical service...
2014: Studies in Ancient Medicine
V Pedemonte Stalla, C Medici Olaso, V Kanopa Almada, G Gonzalez Rabelino
INTRODUCTION: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is characterised by the presence of pain accompanied by sensory, autonomic and motor symptoms, usually preceded by a lesion or immobilisation. The clinical course is disproportionate to the initial injury in intensity and in duration. Its distribution is regional, predominantly in limbs. It is classified as type I and type II according to the absence or presence of nerve injury. CASES: We present the cases of seven children, 6 girls and 1 boy, aged 7 to 15 years...
July 2015: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
George M Weisz, William R Albury, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Giampiero Girolomoni, Donatella Lippi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: International Journal of Dermatology
Adriana Calderaro, Sara Montecchini, Sabina Rossi, Chiara Gorrini, Maria Loretana Dell'Anna, Giovanna Piccolo, Maria Cristina Medici, Maria Cristina Arcangeletti, Carlo Chezzi, Flora De Conto
The northward spread of leishmaniasis from Mediterranean to Continental Europe affects our area where it is typically associated with Leishmania infantum infection. In this study a 22-year survey was performed in patients (including both patients with and without history of travel through endemic areas other than Italy) attending the University Hospital of Parma, Northern Italy, in order to make a contribution to describe the cases of the visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) diagnosed in this area...
March 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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