keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intuitive decision making

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143679/all-things-to-all-people-trade-offs-in-pursuit-of-an-ideal-modeling-tool-for-maternal-and-child-health
#1
Timothy Roberton, Kate Litvin, Andrew Self, Angela R Stegmuller
BACKGROUND: Modeling tools have potential to aid decision making for program planning and evaluation at all levels, but are still largely the domain of technical experts, consultants, and global-level staff. One model that can improve decision making for maternal and child health is the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). We examined respondents' perceptions of LiST's strengths and weaknesses, to identify ways in which LiST - and similar modeling tools - can adapt to be more accessible and helpful to policy makers...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142060/sleep-increases-explicit-solutions-and-reduces-intuitive-judgments-of-semantic-coherence
#2
Thea Zander, Kirsten G Volz, Jan Born, Susanne Diekelmann
Sleep fosters the generation of explicit knowledge. Whether sleep also benefits implicit intuitive decisions about underlying patterns is unclear. We examined sleep's role in explicit and intuitive semantic coherence judgments. Participants encoded sets of three words and after a sleep or wake period were required to judge the potential convergence of these words on a common fourth associate. Compared with wakefulness, sleep increased the number of explicitly named common associates and decreased the number of intuitive judgments...
December 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#3
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126124/predicting-drug-safety-and-communicating-risk-benefits-of-a-bayesian-approach
#4
Stanley E Lazic, Nicholas Edmunds, Christopher E Pollard
Drug toxicity is a major source of attrition in drug discovery and development. Pharmaceutical companies routinely use preclinical data to predict clinical outcomes and continue to invest in new assays to improve predictions. However, there are many open questions about how to make the best use of available data, combine diverse data, quantify risk, and communicate risk and uncertainty to enable good decisions. The costs of suboptimal decisions are clear: resources are wasted and patients may be put at risk...
November 6, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119582/emotions-and-assessment-considerations-for-rater-based-judgements-of-entrustment
#5
Carlos Gomez-Garibello, Meredith Young
CONTEXT: Assessment is subject to increasing scrutiny as medical education transitions towards a competency-based medical education (CBME) model. Traditional perspectives on the roles of assessment emphasise high-stakes, summative assessment, whereas CBME argues for formative assessment. Revisiting conceptualisations about the roles and formats of assessment in medical education provides opportunities to examine understandings and expectations of the assessment of learners. The act of the rater generating scores might be considered as an exclusively cognitive exercise; however, current literature has drawn attention to the notion of raters as measurement instruments, thereby attributing additional factors to their decision-making processes, such as social considerations and intuition...
November 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117533/late-arriving-signals-contribute-less-to-cell-fate-decisions
#6
Michael G Cortes, Jimmy T Trinh, Lanying Zeng, Gábor Balázsi
Gene regulatory networks are largely responsible for cellular decision-making. These networks sense diverse external signals and respond by adjusting gene expression, enabling cells to reach environment-dependent decisions crucial for their survival or reproduction. However, information-carrying signals may arrive at variable times. Besides the intrinsic strength of these signals, their arrival time (timing) may also carry information about the environment and can influence cellular decision-making in ways that are poorly understood...
November 7, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111961/factors-that-may-influence-parent-treatment-decision-making-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Parthenia Dinora, Matthew Bogenschutz, Kathleen Lynch
The number of interventions available for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has expanded greatly in recent years, though relatively little is known about the factors that influence family caregivers as they make treatment decisions for their children. This study involved a statewide survey of parents of young children with ASD to examine the relative weights of the factors that influenced their treatment decisions. Results suggested that caregivers rely on their own intuition for much decision making, though selected professionals are also influential...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106452/acute-aortic-syndromes-diagnosis-and-management-an-update
#8
Eduardo Bossone, Troy M LaBounty, Kim A Eagle
Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) encompass a constellation of life-threatening medical conditions including classic acute aortic dissection (AAD), intramural haematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. Given the non-specific symptoms and physical signs, a high clinical index of suspicion is necessary to detect the disease before irreversible lethal complications occur. In order to reduce the diagnostic time delay, a comprehensive flowchart for decision-making based on pre-test sensitivity of AAS has been designed by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on aortic diseases and should be thus applied in the emergency scenario...
June 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101728/understanding-social-decision-making-from-another-species-perspective
#9
Sarah F Brosnan
One challenge of studying cognition and behavior in other species is designing studies that are intuitive and motivating to the subjects; studies that lack these features may result in false negatives and other outcomes that bias our understanding of animals' abilities and choices. Here, Schmelz, Grueneisen, Kabalak, Jost, and Tomasello (PNAS, 114(28), 7462-7467, 2017) investigated prosocial behavior, in which animals may make decisions that benefit a conspecific, and found that, contrary to much earlier work, when chimpanzees are given a reason to do so, they do make prosocial choices...
November 3, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098746/decision-making-in-nursing-practice-an-integrative-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Christine W Nibbelink, Barbara B Brewer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Identify and summarize factors and processes related to registered nurses' patient care decision-making in medical-surgical environments. A secondary goal of this literature review was to determine whether medical-surgical decision-making literature included factors that appeared to be similar to concepts and factors in Naturalistic Decision Making. BACKGROUND: Decision-making in acute care nursing requires an evaluation of many complex factors...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088982/communication-based-behaviour-support-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-receiving-dental-care-a-focus-group-study-exploring-dentists-decision-making-and-communication
#11
Caoimhin Mac Giolla Phadraig, Colin Griffiths, Philip McCallion, Mary McCarron, June Nunn
A better understanding of how communication-based behaviour supports are applied with adults with intellectual disabilities may reduce reliance on restrictive practices such as holding, sedation and anaesthesia in dentistry. In this study, we explore how communication is used by dentists who provide treatment for adults with intellectual disabilities. A descriptive qualitative study, adopting synchronous online focus groups, was undertaken with six expert dentists in Ireland. Members were contacted again in pairs or individually for further data collection, analysed using thematic content analysis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076629/what-does-physicians-clinical-expertise-contribute-to-oncologic-decision-making-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Sabine Salloch, Ina Otte, Anke Reinacher-Schick, Jochen Vollmann
BACKGROUND: Physicians' clinical expertise forms an exclusive body of competences, which helps them to find the appropriate diagnostics and treatment for each individual patient. Empirical evidence, however, suggests that there is an inverse relationship between the number of years in practice and the quality of care provided by a physician. Knowledge and adherence to professional standards (such as clinical guidelines) are often used as indicators in previous research. METHODS: Semistructured interviews and the Q method were used for an explorative study on oncologists' views on the interplay between their own clinical expertise, intuition, and the external evidence incorporated in clinical guidelines...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075221/a-review-of-consequences-of-poverty-on-economic-decision-making-a-hypothesized-model-of-a-cognitive-mechanism
#13
REVIEW
Matúš Adamkovič, Marcel Martončik
This review focuses on the issue of poverty affecting economic decision-making. By critically evaluating existing studies, the authors propose a structural model detailing the cognitive mechanism involved in how poverty negatively impacts economic decision-making, and explores evidence supporting the basis for the formation of this model. The suggested mechanism consists of a relationship between poverty and four other factors: (1) cognitive load (e.g., experiencing negative affect and stress); (2) executive functions (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074609/social-intuition-and-social-information-in-physical-child-abuse-evaluation-and-diagnosis
#14
Heather T Keenan, Lawrence J Cook, Lenora M Olson, Tyler Bardsley, Kristine A Campbell
BACKGROUND: Poor and minority children with injuries concerning for abuse are evaluated and diagnosed for abuse differentially. We hypothesized that 2 steps in the decision-making process would influence evaluation and diagnosis: social intuition from meeting the family and objective social information associated with child abuse risk. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 32 child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) submitted 730 child abuse consultations including original medical evaluations and diagnoses...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065357/determinants-of-compulsive-buying-behavior-among-young-adults-the-mediating-role-of-materialism
#15
Tahir Islam, Jiuchang Wei, Zaryab Sheikh, Zahid Hameed, Rauf I Azam
This research seeks to determine what makes young adults materialistic. The study examines the mediating role of materialism between the contextual factors and compulsive buying. Data was gathered from 219 Pakistani undergraduate university students. Partial Least Square (PLS) technique was used to analyze the data. The study confirms the intuition that more materialistic young adults are more likely to be involved in compulsive buying than are less materialistic young adults. The results were similar with the previous literature conducted in the western culture, indicating that also applies in a modern Islamic society...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061467/an-interactive-simulation-tool-for-patient-specific-clinical-decision-support-in-single-ventricle-physiology
#16
Timothy Conover, Anthony M Hlavacek, Francesco Migliavacca, Ethan Kung, Adam Dorfman, Richard S Figliola, Tain-Yen Hsia
OBJECTIVE: Modeling of single-ventricle circulations has yielded important insights into their unique flow dynamics and physiology. Here we translated a state-of-the-art mathematical model into a patient-specific clinical decision support interactive Web-based simulation tool and show validation for all 3 stages of single-ventricular palliation. METHODS: Via the adoption a validated lumped parameter method, complete cardiovascular-pulmonary circulatory models of all 3 stages of single-ventricle physiology were created within a simulation tool...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040055/the-empirical-case-for-acquiescing-to-intuition
#17
Daniel K Walco, Jane L Risen
Will people follow their intuition even when they explicitly recognize that it is irrational to do so? Dual-process models of judgment and decision making are often based on the assumption that the correction of errors necessarily follows the detection of errors. But this assumption does not always hold. People can explicitly recognize that their intuitive judgment is wrong but nevertheless maintain it, a phenomenon known as acquiescence. Although anecdotes and experimental studies suggest that acquiescence occurs, the empirical case for acquiescence has not been definitively established...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034225/the-perception-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-heart-model-from-the-perspective-of-different-stakeholders-a-complex-case-of-truncus-arteriosus
#18
Giovanni Biglino, Sarah Moharem-Elgamal, Matthew Lee, Robert Tulloh, Massimo Caputo
The case of an 11-year-old male patient with truncus arteriosus is presented. The patient has a right aortic arch, a repaired truncus arteriosus, pulmonary artery stenosis, as well as conduit stenosis, with a complex surgical plan being discussed. In order to gather additional insight into the patient's anatomy prior to the surgery and to facilitate communication with the patient's parents, a three-dimensional (3D) model of his heart and main vessels was created from computed tomography data. Feedback was collected from different stakeholders...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985725/factors-influencing-the-clinical-decision-making-of-midwives-a-qualitative-study
#19
Darie O A Daemers, Evelien B M van Limbeek, Hennie A A Wijnen, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Raymond G de Vries
BACKGROUND: Although midwives make clinical decisions that have an impact on the health and well-being of mothers and babies, little is known about how they make those decisions. Wide variation in intrapartum decisions to refer women to obstetrician-led care suggests that midwives' decisions are based on more than the evidence based medicine (EBM) model - i.e. clinical evidence, midwife's expertise, and woman's values - alone. With this study we aimed to explore the factors that influence clinical decision-making of midwives who work independently...
October 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956412/clinical-judgment-is-a-schema-conceptual-proposals-and-training-perspectives
#20
Marc Nagels
Clinical judgment is a critical concept for the development of nursing and nursing education. Its theoretical origins are multiple and its definition is not yet consensus. The analysis of the scientific and professional literature shows heterogeneous and dispersed points of views, notably on the role of intuition, on its cognitive and metacognitive dimensions, and on its proximity to other concepts. Between professional stakes and epistemological constructions, clinical judgment is still an emerging concept...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
keyword
keyword
116753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"