keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intuitive decision making

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927463/towards-precision-medicine-discovering-novel-gynecological-cancer-biomarkers-and-pathways-using-linked-data
#1
Alokkumar Jha, Yasar Khan, Muntazir Mehdi, Md Rezaul Karim, Qaiser Mehmood, Achille Zappa, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann, Ratnesh Sahay
BACKGROUND: Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is playing a key role in therapeutic decision making for the cancer prognosis and treatment. The NGS technologies are producing a massive amount of sequencing datasets. Often, these datasets are published from the isolated and different sequencing facilities. Consequently, the process of sharing and aggregating multisite sequencing datasets are thwarted by issues such as the need to discover relevant data from different sources, built scalable repositories, the automation of data linkage, the volume of the data, efficient querying mechanism, and information rich intuitive visualisation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922996/split-second-trustworthiness-detection-from-faces-in-an-economic-game
#2
Wim De Neys, Astrid Hopfensitz, Jean-François Bonnefon
Economic interactions often imply to gauge the trustworthiness of others. Recent studies showed that when making trust decisions in economic games, people have some accuracy in detecting trustworthiness from the facial features of unknown partners. Here we provide evidence that this face-based trustworthiness detection is a fast and intuitive process by testing its performance at split-second levels of exposure. Participants played a Trust game, in which they made decisions whether to trust another player based on their picture...
July 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922387/epistemic-beliefs-role-in-promoting-misperceptions-and-conspiracist-ideation
#3
R Kelly Garrett, Brian E Weeks
Widespread misperceptions undermine citizens' decision-making ability. Conclusions based on falsehoods and conspiracy theories are by definition flawed. This article demonstrates that individuals' epistemic beliefs-beliefs about the nature of knowledge and how one comes to know-have important implications for perception accuracy. The present study uses a series of large, nationally representative surveys of the U.S. population to produce valid and reliable measures of three aspects of epistemic beliefs: reliance on intuition for factual beliefs (Faith in Intuition for facts), importance of consistency between empirical evidence and beliefs (Need for evidence), and conviction that "facts" are politically constructed (Truth is political)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904596/a-psychobiographical-study-of-intuition-in-a-writer-s-life-paulo-coelho-revisited
#4
Claude-Hélène Mayer, David Maree
Intuition is defined as a form of knowledge which materialises as awareness of thoughts, feelings and physical sensations. It is a key to a deeper understanding and meaningfulness. Intuition, used as a psychological function, supports the transmission and integration of perceptions from unconscious and conscious realms. This study uses a psychobiographical single case study approach to explore intuition across the life span of Paulo Coelho. Methodologically, the study is based on a single case study, using the methodological frame of Dilthey's modern hermeneutics...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883204/considering-information-up-to-dateness-to-increase-the-accuracy-of-therapy-decision-support-systems
#5
Jan Gaebel, Mario A Cypko, Steffen Oeltze-Jafra
During the diagnostic process a lot of information is generated. All this information is assessed when making a final diagnosis and planning the therapy. While some patient information is stable, e.g., gender, others may become outdated, e.g., tumor size derived from CT data. Quantifying this information up-to-dateness and deriving consequences are difficult. Especially for the implementation in clinical decision support systems, this has not been studied. When information entities tend to become outdated, in practice, clinicians intuitively reduce their impact when making decisions...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877482/high-yield-methods-for-accurate-two-alternative-visual-psychophysics-in-head-fixed-mice
#6
Christopher P Burgess, Armin Lak, Nicholas A Steinmetz, Peter Zatka-Haas, Charu Bai Reddy, Elina A K Jacobs, Jennifer F Linden, Joseph J Paton, Adam Ranson, Sylvia Schröder, Sofia Soares, Miles J Wells, Lauren E Wool, Kenneth D Harris, Matteo Carandini
Research in neuroscience increasingly relies on the mouse, a mammalian species that affords unparalleled genetic tractability and brain atlases. Here, we introduce high-yield methods for probing mouse visual decisions. Mice are head-fixed, facilitating repeatable visual stimulation, eye tracking, and brain access. They turn a steering wheel to make two alternative choices, forced or unforced. Learning is rapid thanks to intuitive coupling of stimuli to wheel position. The mouse decisions deliver high-quality psychometric curves for detection and discrimination and conform to the predictions of a simple probabilistic observer model...
September 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865706/quantification-and-visualization-of-coordination-during-non-cyclic-upper-extremity-motion
#7
Richard A Fineman, Leia A Stirling
There are many design challenges in creating at-home tele-monitoring systems that enable quantification and visualization of complex biomechanical behavior. One such challenge is robustly quantifying joint coordination in a way that is intuitive and supports clinical decision-making. This work defines a new measure of coordination called the relative coordination metric (RCM) and its accompanying normalization schemes. RCM enables quantification of coordination during non-constrained discrete motions. Here RCM is applied to a grasping task...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846125/intuitive-judgement-in-the-context-of-osteopathic-clinical-reasoning
#8
Torsten Liem
Previous research into osteopathic clinical and diagnostic decision making suggests that reasoning is commonly based on highly analytical as well as intuitive processes. According to the dual-process theory, the intuitive and analytical processing that leads to decision making is equally important in diagnostic reasoning. This article aims to explore the underlying and influencing factors that may lead to the development and reliability of intuition in clinical decision making generally and in osteopathic clinical reasoning specifically...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831858/intuition-in-clinical-decision-making-differences-among-practicing-nurses
#9
Elizabeth M Miller, Pamela D Hill
PURPOSE: To examine the relationships and differences in the use of intuition among three categories of practicing nurses from various clinical units at a medical center in the Midwest. DESIGN: Descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional, prospective design. METHOD: Three categories of nurses were based on the clinical unit: medical/surgical nurses ( n = 42), step-down/progressive care nurses ( n = 32), and critical care nurses ( n = 24). Participants were e-mailed the Rew Intuitive Judgment Scale (RIJS) via their employee e-mail to measure intuition in clinical practice...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830493/unsatisfactory-colposcopy-clinical-decision-making-in-conditions-of-uncertainty
#10
Kristyn M Manley, Rebecca A Simms, Sarah Platt, Amit Patel, Rachna Bahl
BACKGROUND: Unsatisfactory colposcopy, where the cells of interest are not visible in women with a positive cervical screening test, is a common area of clinical uncertainty due to the lack of clear evidence and guidance. Colposcopists' opinions and experiences are likely to have a significant influence on service provision and the development of national policy. The aim of this study was to analyse decision-making when applied to women with unsatisfactory colposcopy. METHODS: A multi-centre qualitative study utilizing a series of focus groups in an English healthcare region...
August 22, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825874/the-love-of-large-numbers-a-popularity-bias-in-consumer-choice
#11
Derek Powell, Jingqi Yu, Melissa DeWolf, Keith J Holyoak
Social learning-the ability to learn from observing the decisions of other people and the outcomes of those decisions-is fundamental to human evolutionary and cultural success. The Internet now provides social evidence on an unprecedented scale. However, properly utilizing this evidence requires a capacity for statistical inference. We examined how people's interpretation of online review scores is influenced by the numbers of reviews-a potential indicator both of an item's popularity and of the precision of the average review score...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819925/the-behavioural-ecology-of-irrational-behaviours
#12
Philippe Huneman, Johannes Martens
Natural selection is often envisaged as the ultimate cause of the apparent rationality exhibited by organisms in their specific habitat. Given the equivalence between selection and rationality as maximizing processes, one would indeed expect organisms to implement rational decision-makers. Yet, many violations of the clauses of rationality have been witnessed in various species such as starlings, hummingbirds, amoebas and honeybees. This paper attempts to interpret such discrepancies between economic rationality (defined by the main axioms of rational choice theory) and biological rationality (defined by natural selection)...
August 17, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810062/the-association-between-patient-attitudes-and-values-and-the-strength-of-consideration-for-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-in-a-population-based-sample-of-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Sarah T Hawley, Kent A Griffith, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Monica Morrow, Nancy K Janz, Steven J Katz, Reshma Jagsi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the individual decision styles and values of breast cancer patients at the time of treatment decision making are associated with the consideration of different treatment options and specifically with the consideration of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM). METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients with early-stage breast cancer who were treated in 2013-2014 were identified through the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries of Los Angeles and Georgia and were surveyed approximately 7 months after surgery (n = 2578; response rate, 71%)...
August 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809115/an-intuitive-approach-for-predicting-potential-human-health-risk-with-the-tox21-10k-library
#14
Nisha S Sipes, John F Wambaugh, Robert Pearce, Scott S Auerbach, Barbara A Wetmore, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Andrew J Shapiro, Daniel Svoboda, Michael J DeVito, Stephen S Ferguson
In vitro-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) analyses translating high-throughput screening (HTS) data to human relevance have been limited. This study represents the first report applying IVIVE approaches and exposure comparisons using the entirety of the Tox21 federal collaboration chemical screening data, incorporating assay response efficacy and quality of concentration-response fits, and providing quantitative anchoring to first address the likelihood of human in vivo interactions with Tox21 compounds. This likelihood was assessed using a maximum blood concentration to in vitro response ratio approach (Cmax/AC50), analogous to decision-making methods for clinical drug-drug interactions...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806954/-usability-of-data-integration-and-visualization-software-for-multidisciplinary-pediatric-intensive-care-a-human-factors-approach-to-assessing-technology
#15
Ying Ling Lin, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Jessica Tomasi, Peter Laussen, Patricia Trbovich
BACKGROUND: Intensive care clinicians use several sources of data in order to inform decision-making. We set out to evaluate a new interactive data integration platform called T3™ made available for pediatric intensive care. Three primary functions are supported: tracking of physiologic signals, displaying trajectory, and triggering decisions, by highlighting data or estimating risk of patient instability. We designed a human factors study to identify interface usability issues, to measure ease of use, and to describe interface features that may enable or hinder clinical tasks...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794169/assessing-the-association-between-thinking-dispositions-and-clinical-error
#16
John Kinnear, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Dual-process theory suggests that type 1 thinking results in a propensity to make 'intuitive' decisions based on limited information. Type 2 processes, on the other hand, are able to analyse these initial responses and replace them with rationalised decisions. Individuals may have a preference for different modes of rationalisation, on a continuum from careful to cursory. These 'dispositions' of thinking reside in type 2 processes and may result in error when the preference is for 'quick and casual' decision-making...
August 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771393/single-dose-testosterone-administration-impairs-cognitive-reflection-in-men
#17
Gideon Nave, Amos Nadler, David Zava, Colin Camerer
In nonhumans, the sex steroid testosterone regulates reproductive behaviors such as fighting between males and mating. In humans, correlational studies have linked testosterone with aggression and disorders associated with poor impulse control, but the neuropsychological processes at work are poorly understood. Building on a dual-process framework, we propose a mechanism underlying testosterone's behavioral effects in humans: reduction in cognitive reflection. In the largest study of behavioral effects of testosterone administration to date, 243 men received either testosterone or placebo and took the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), which estimates the capacity to override incorrect intuitive judgments with deliberate correct responses...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765860/assessing-the-efficacy-of-cancer-screening
#18
Gemma Jacklyn, Katy Bell, Andrew Hayen
BACKGROUND: Population-based cancer screening has been established for several types of cancer in Australia and internationally. Screening may perform differently in practice from randomised controlled trials, which makes evaluating programs complex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We discuss how to assess the evidence of benefits and harms of cancer screening, including the main biases that can mislead clinicians and policy makers (such as volunteer, lead-time, length-time and overdiagnosis bias)...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753169/absolute-postoperative-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-concentrations-but-not-their-general-trend-are-associated-with-12-month-all-cause-mortality-after-on-pump-cardiac-surgery
#19
Eckhard Mauermann, Daniel Bolliger, Jens Fassl, Martin Grapow, Esther E Seeberger, Manfred D Seeberger, Miodrag Filipovic, Giovanna A L Lurati Buse
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a predictor of mortality after on-pump cardiac surgery. However, previous limited and heterogeneous studies have focused on peak concentrations at 3 to 5 days after surgery and may not offer clinicians much help in early decision-making. After confirming the predictive value of first-postoperative-day BNP in a preliminary analysis, we explored the association between isolated second-postoperative-day BNP concentrations, second-day BNP concentrations in conjunction with first-day BNP concentrations, and the change in BNP (ie, ΔBNP) from the first to the second postoperative day and 12-month, all-cause mortality...
September 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730671/many-faces-of-rationality-implications-of-the-great-rationality-debate-for-clinical-decision-making
#20
Benjamin Djulbegovic, Shira Elqayam
Given that more than 30% of healthcare costs are wasted on inappropriate care, suboptimal care is increasingly connected to the quality of medical decisions. It has been argued that personal decisions are the leading cause of death, and 80% of healthcare expenditures result from physicians' decisions. Therefore, improving healthcare necessitates improving medical decisions, ie, making decisions (more) rational. Drawing on writings from The Great Rationality Debate from the fields of philosophy, economics, and psychology, we identify core ingredients of rationality commonly encountered across various theoretical models...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
116753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"