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Agnieszka Guzik, Mariusz Drużbicki, Grzegorz Przysada, Agnieszka Brzozowska-Magoń, Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda, Andrzej Kwolek
BACKGROUND: There are few reports in the literature investigating the relationship between observational gait scales used to assess individuals after a stroke and objective data acquired from 3-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA). RESEARCH QUESTION: The objective of this study was to compare the relationship between the specific items of the Wisconsin Gait Scale (WGS) and the matching 3-dimensional (3D) spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters in individuals after a stroke...
March 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
Ryo Otsuka, Shuji Saito, Ryouichi Hirayama, Yasuaki Miura, Kazunori Sasaki, Ayako Miyajima, Nobutsuna Kuwamoto, Ryoko Kataoka, Yukito Shindo, Rikiya Fujita
INTRODUCTION: Colonic stent insertion is widely used as a bridge to surgery(BTS)for obstructive colorectal cancer. Stenting can shorten hospitalization and decrease complication and colostomy rates in comparison with emergency surgery. We investigated patients who underwent colonic stent insertion for BTS in our hospital. PATIENTS: Sixteen patients(8 men, 8 women) with a colorectal obstruction score of 0 or 1 who underwent colonic stent insertion as a BTS between April 2015 and April 2017 period were investigated...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Koji Ueda, Seiichi Shinji, Yosuke Ishii, Hiroshi Yamawaki, Takeshi Yamada, Michihiro Koizumi, Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Masahiro Hotta, Goro Takahashi, Takuma Iwai, Kohki Takeda, Keisuke Hara, Keiichirou Oota, Takashi Nitta, Eiji Uchida
The patient was a 70-year-old woman who was diagnosed with obstructive transverse colon cancer suspected of invading the abdominal wall by abdominal CT imaging. Since the preoperative electrocardiogram showed an ischemic change, echocardiography and coronary angiography were performed. We diagnosed chronic heart failure and angina pectoris because echocardiography showed low cardiac function(left ventricular ejection fraction; LVEF 37%)and coronary angiography indicated triple-vessel disease. We firstly performed coronary artery bypass graft surgery following self-expanding metallic stent placement as a bridge to surgery(BTS), because we judged this patient as a perioperative high-risk case...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hirotoshi Maruo, Hajime Tsuyuki, Tadahiro Kojima, Ryohei Koreyasu, Koichi Nakamura, Yukihiro Higashi, Tsuyoshi Shoji, Masanori Yamazaki, Raisuke Nishiyama, Tatsuhiro Ito, Kota Koike, Takashi Ikeda, Yasuhiro Takayanagi, Hiroyuki Kubota
We clinically investigated 34 patients with obstructive colorectal cancer who underwent placement of a colonic stent as a bridge to surgery(BTS), focusing on endoscopic findings after stent placement.Twenty -nine patients(85.3%)underwent colonoscopy after stent placement, and the entire large intestine could be observed in 28(96.6%).Coexisting lesions were observed in 22(78.6%)of these 28 patients.The lesions comprised adenomatous polyps in 17 patients(60.7%), synchronous colon cancers in 5 patients(17.9%), and obstructive colitis in 3 patients(10...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hajime Tsuyuki, Hirotoshi Maruo, Tadahiro Kojima, Ryohei Koreyasu, Koichi Nakamura, Yukihiro Higashi, Tsuyoshi Shoji, Masanori Yamazaki, Raisuke Nishiyama, Tatsuhiro Ito, Kota Koike, Takashi Ikeda, Yasuhiro Takayanagi, Hiroyuki Kubota
We examined short-term outcomes in 34 patients who had stenting as a bridge to surgery(BTS)for obstructive colorectal cancer during the 5-year period between April 2012 and March 2017.T he patients were 22 men and 12 women with a mean age of 72.6 years. Stenting and decompression were successful in all patients, and the mean time to oral intake after stenting was 2.5 days.No serious complications related to stenting occurred.Elective surgery could be performed in all patients after stenting.The mean number of days to surgery was 24...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Christopher Papic, Peter Sinclair, Che Fornusek, Ross Sanders
Task-specific auditory training can improve sensorimotor processing times of the auditory reaction time (RT). The majority of competitive swimmers do not conduct habitual start training with the electronic horn used to commence a race. We examined the effect of four week dive training interventions on RT and block time (BT) of 10 male adolescent swimmers (age 14.0 ± 1.4 years): dive training with auditory components (speaker and electronic horn) (n = 5) and dive training without auditory components (n = 5)...
January 12, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Maria M Rubinstein, Andreas Kaubisch, Milan Kinkhabwala, John Reinus, Qiang Liu, Jennifer W Chuy
Background: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the most effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with underlying cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Availability of OLT is limited by donor-organ shortages, which increase patient waiting time until OLT. A variety of bridging therapies (BT) have been used to halt tumor progression in patients on the OLT waiting list. Despite complete radiologic responses following BT, viable tumor is often present in explants...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Antonino Naro, Provvidenza Tomasello, Simona Leonardi, Floriana Santamaria, Latella Desireè, Alessia Bramanti, Giuseppe Silvestri, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
AIM OF THE STUDY: cognitive impairment occurs frequently in post-stroke patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of a virtual reality training (VRT) with BTs-Nirvana (BTsN) on the recovery of cognitive functions in stroke patients, using the Interactive-Semi-Immersive Program (I-SIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 12 subjects (randomly divided into two groups: experimental group -EG; and control group -CG), who attended the Laboratory of Robotic and Cognitive Rehabilitation of IRCCS Neurolesi of Messina from January to June 2016...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
Eric J Hall, Andrew H Smith, Frank A Fish, David P Bichell, Bret A Mettler, Kimberly Crum, Prince J Kannankeril, Andrew E Radbill
BACKGROUND: Transplant-free survival for single right ventricle (RV) lesions remains less than 70% at 3 years. Arrhythmia burden, influence of shunt type at Norwood procedure (RV-to-pulmonary artery shunt [RVPAS] versus Blalock-Taussig shunt [BTS]), and implications for mortality risk are not well defined. METHODS: The authors performed a single-center retrospective analysis of patients with single RV lesions enrolled in a prospective study of arrhythmias after congenital heart surgery...
February 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Margherita Russo, Rosaria De Luca, Antonino Naro, Francesca Sciarrone, Bianca Aragona, Giuseppe Silvestri, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Carmela Casella, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the presence of body shadows during virtual reality (VR) training with BTS NIRVANA (BTs-N) may lead to a better functional recovery. METHODS: We enrolled 20 poststroke rehabilitation inpatients, who underwent a neurocognitive-rehabilitative training consisting of 24 sessions (3 times a week for 8 weeks) of BTs-N. All the patients were randomized into 2 groups: semi-immersive virtual training with (S-IVTS group) or without (S-IVT group) body shadows...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bram Verstockt, Annelien Van Driessche, Marc De Man, Pieter van der Spek, Koen Hendrickx, Veerle Casneuf, Pieter Dobbels, Yves Van Molhem, Jo Vandervoort
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Self-expandable metal stents are used increasingly in the treatment of obstructing colorectal cancer (CRC). Although endoscopic colon stenting is widely accepted in palliation, disagreement exists about its role in a curative setting. This study aims to describe long-term survival data in a large patient group treated with colon stenting as a bridge to surgery for CRC. METHODS: This prospective study included 97 patients who presented in a Belgian hospital between 1998 and 2013 with obstructing, although potentially curable, CRC...
June 1, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
John K Field, Michael W Marcus, Matthijs Oudkerk
The National Lung Cancer Screening trial (NLST) demonstrated that individuals assigned to the LDCT screening arm had a 20% lower mortality than those who were assigned to the conventional chest radiography. The NLST was thoroughly analyzed by the US Preventive Task Force on CT Screening and they recommended that lung cancer screening should be implemented. A number of other countries have also recommended implementation, whilst others are awaiting the outcome of the NELSON Trial. However, recommendations for the management of CT screen detected nodules have only recently had any clarity...
February 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Carolina Oliveira de Santana, Taíse Bomfim de Jesus, William Moura de Aguiar, Washington de Jesus Sant'anna Franca-Rocha, Carlos Alberto Caroso Soares
In this study, an analysis was performed on the concentrations of the trace elements Al, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn in muscle of two carnivorous and one planktivorous fish species collected at Todos os Santos Bay (BTS). The accumulation order of the trace elements in Lutjanus analis was Al >Zn >Fe >Cr >Ba >Ni. In Cetengraulis edentulus, the order was Al >Fe >Zn >Cr >Ni >Mn >As. In the species Diapterus rhombeus, the order was Al >Fe >Zn >Cr >Ni >Mn >Cd...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Friederike Sophie Magnet, Sarah Bettina Schwarz, Jens Callegari, Carl-Peter Criée, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch
BACKGROUND: The German guideline on long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) was published in 2008 by the German Respiratory Society (DGP), while the British Thoracic Society (BTS) published their most recent guideline in 2015. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present article was to highlight the major areas of consensus and disagreement in the recently published BTS and DGP guidelines on LTOT. METHODS: The BTS and DGP guidelines were directly compared in terms of congruencies and differences...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Seigo Kashimura, Yutaka Hoshino, Mitsuo Sanpei, Makoto Okano, Hitoshi Inoue, Ryoma Suzuki, Hidenobu Akatsuka
Recently, the endoscopic placement of self-expanding metallicstents (SEMSs)has become widespread for the treatment of acute malignant colorectal obstruction. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of 22 patients with obstructive colorectal cancer who underwent SEMS placement as a bridge to surgery(BTS)from January 2012 to December 2015. The subjects comprised 15 men and 7 women with a mean age of 68.1 years. Placement and decompression were successfully achieved in all cases. No serious complications arose from the placement...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Pierluigi Consolo, Giuseppa Giacobbe, Marcello Cintolo, Andrea Tortora, Fausto Famà, Maria Gioffrè Florio, Socrate Pallio
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bowel obstruction is a frequent event in patients with adenocarcinoma, affecting, in some series, almost one-third of the patients. In the last decades, in addition to surgery, self-expanding metallic stents (SEMSs) are available both as a bridge to surgery (BTS) or palliation. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the use of SEMSs as BTS in selected patients with acute colonic malignant obstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 125 patients with malignant colonic obstruction who underwent emergency surgery or stent insertion were retrospectively enrolled in our study; 62 patients underwent surgery initially, whereas 62 were subjected to stenting as BTS...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Agnieszka Guzik, Mariusz Drużbicki, Grzegorz Przysada, Andrzej Kwolek, Agnieszka Brzozowska-Magoń, Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda
INTRODUCTION: Due to the increasing incidence and social effects of stroke there is a growing interest in finding methods enabling gait analysis in this group of patients. Observational techniques are predominantly applied in clinical practice; on the other hand advanced quantitative methods allow in-depth multidimensional gait assessment. The present study was designed to assess the consistency between temporospatial gait parameters acquired through 3-dimensional gait analysis and the results of gait assessment with the use of observational WGS in post stroke hemiparetic patients...
January 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Mohammad Taheri, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Jamileh Ghaffari, Samira Rahimnejad, Behzad Nazel Khosroshahi, Mohsen Aliabadi, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian
BACKGROUND: Since the number of mobile subscribers has significantly increased in recent years, the installation and deployment of Base Transceiver Station (BTS) antennas sending and receiving signals has become common and inevitable in different regions. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have tried to evaluate the effect of the waves on some immunological and hematological parameters in exposed individuals. In this study, the exposed and non-exposed individuals were used as the test and control groups, respectively...
2017: Human Antibodies
Michael Martin, Suphak Vanichseni, Pravan Suntharasamai, Udomsak Sangkum, Philip A Mock, Benjamaporn Chaipung, Dararat Worrajittanon, Manoj Leethochawalit, Sithisat Chiamwongpaet, Somyot Kittimunkong, Roman J Gvetadze, Janet M McNicholl, Lynn A Paxton, Marcel E Curlin, Timothy H Holtz, Taraz Samandari, Kachit Choopanya
BACKGROUND: Results of the randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled Bangkok Tenofovir Study (BTS) showed that taking tenofovir daily as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce the risk of HIV infection by 49% in people who inject drugs. In an extension to the trial, participants were offered 1 year of open-label tenofovir. We aimed to examine the demographic characteristics, drug use, and risk behaviours associated with participants' uptake of and adherence to PrEP. METHODS: In this observational, open-label extension of the BTS (NCT00119106), non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding, HIV-negative BTS participants, all of whom were current or previous injecting drug users at the time of enrolment in the BTS, were offered daily oral tenofovir (300 mg) for 1 year at 17 Bangkok Metropolitan Administration drug-treatment clinics...
February 2017: Lancet HIV
Mark D McCurdy, Elise M Turner, Lamia P Barakat, Wendy L Hobbie, Janet A Deatrick, Iris Paltin, Michael J Fisher, Matthew C Hocking
OBJECTIVES: Treatments for childhood brain tumors (BT) confer substantial risks to neurological development and contribute to neuropsychological deficits in young adulthood. Evidence suggests that individuals who experience more significant neurological insult may lack insight into their neurocognitive limitations. The present study compared survivor, mother, and performance-based estimates of executive functioning (EF), and their associations with treatment intensity history in a subsample of young adult survivors of childhood BTs...
September 26, 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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