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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935620/a-lifestyle-intervention-via-email-in-minority-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-parallel-group-feasibility-study
#1
Raheem J Paxton, Richard Hajek, Patricia Newcomb, Megha Dobhal, Sujana Borra, Wendell C Taylor, Deborah Parra-Medina, Shine Chang, Kerry S Courneya, Gladys Block, Torin Block, Lovell A Jones
BACKGROUND: Our data have indicated that minority breast cancer survivors are receptive to participating in lifestyle interventions delivered via email or the Web, yet few Web-based studies exist in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary results of an email-delivered diet and activity intervention program, "A Lifestyle Intervention Via Email (ALIVE)," delivered to a sample of racial and ethnic minority breast cancer survivors...
September 21, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918150/short-communication-effects-of-lysolecithin-on-milk-fat-synthesis-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-of-cows-fed-diets-differing-in-fiber-and-unsaturated-fatty-acid-concentration
#2
D E Rico, Y Ying, K J Harvatine
Thirteen multiparous Holstein cows were used in a crossover design that tested the effect of lysolecithin in diets differing in neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and unsaturated fatty acid (FA) concentrations. Experimental periods were 20 d in length and included two 10-d phases. A standard fiber and lower fat diet was fed the first 10 d (30.5% NDF, no added oil, lower-risk phase) and a lower NDF and higher oil diet was fed during the second 10 d (29.0% NDF and 2% oil from whole soybeans and soybean oil, high-risk phase)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900763/the-association-between-fatty-acid-index-and-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes
#3
Ashley M Eskew, Kelly C Wormer, Michelle L Matthews, H James Norton, Margaret A Papadakis, Bradley S Hurst
PURPOSE: Fatty acids have been shown to play an important role in oocyte competence and early implantation of the embryo. Our hypothesis-generating study sought to determine if individual fatty acids expressed as a percentage of total erythrocyte fatty acids are associated with embryo quality and other in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study at an academic fertility center. Sixty women undergoing their first IVF cycle were recruited...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895220/consumers-response-to-an-on-shelf-nutrition-labelling-system-in-supermarkets-evidence-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#4
Erin Hobin, Bryan Bollinger, Jocelyn Sacco, Eli Liebman, Lana Vanderlee, Fei Zuo, Laura Rosella, Mary L'abbe, Heather Manson, David Hammond
Policy Points: On-shelf nutrition labelling systems in supermarkets, such as the Guiding Stars system, are intended to provide consumers with simple, standardized nutrition information to support more informed and healthier food choices. Policies that support the provision of simplified nutrition labelling systems may encourage consumers to make positive shifts in food-purchasing behaviors. The shifts in consumer food-purchasing patterns observed in our study after the introduction of the Guiding Stars system in supermarkets translated into measurable nutritional benefits, including more items purchased with slightly less trans fat and sugar and more fiber and omega-3 fatty acids...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891521/effects-of-high-fat-diet-and-perinatal-dioxin-exposure-on-development-of-body-size-and-expression-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-%C3%AE-in-the-rat-brain
#5
Amartuvshin Bor, Muneko Nishijo, Hiroshi Nishimaru, Tomoya Nakamura, Nghi Ngoc Tran, Quang Van Le, Yusaku Takamura, Jumpei Matsumoto, Yoshikazu Nishino, Hisao Nishijo
Environmental exposure to dioxins, consumption of a high fat diet, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor β signaling in the brain affect feeding behavior, which is an important determinant of body growth. In the present study, we investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and high fact diet after weaning on body growth and expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor β in the brain in rat pups. Subjects from the control and dioxin exposure groups were assigned to 1 of 3 different diet groups: standard diet, high fat diet in the juvenile period, or high fat diet in adulthood...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889206/dietary-fatty-acid-composition-modulates-obesity-and-interacts-with-obesity-related-genes
#6
REVIEW
Shatha S Hammad, Peter J Jones
The prevalence of obesity is skyrocketing worldwide. The scientific evidence has associated obesity risk with many independent factors including the quality of dietary fat and genetics. Dietary fat exists as the main focus of dietary guidelines targeting obesity reduction. To prevent/minimize the adipogenic effect of dietary fatty acids (FA), intakes of long-chain saturated- and trans-FA should be reduced and substituted with unsaturated FA. The optimal proportions of dietary unsaturated FA are yet to be defined, along with a particular emphasis on the need to achieve a balanced ratio of n-3:n-6 polyunsaturated FA and to increase monounsaturated FA consumption at the expense of saturated FA...
September 9, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888601/interaction-of-potassium-carbonate-and-soybean-oil-supplementation-on-performance-of-early-lactation-dairy-cows-fed-a-high-concentrate-diet
#7
A R Alfonso-Avila, E Baumann, É Charbonneau, P Y Chouinard, G F Tremblay, R Gervais
Potassium carbonate supplementation is known to improve milk fat synthesis and to modify milk mineral composition in dairy cows. The objective of the current experiment was to evaluate the effect of K2CO3 on production performance, biohydrogenation of fatty acids (FA), and mineral composition of milk in early-lactation dairy cows fed a high-concentrate diet with or without soybean oil (SBO), as a source of polyunsaturated FA. Twenty-eight ruminally fistulated Holstein cows were used in a randomized complete block design...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885137/effects-of-reducing-processed-culinary-ingredients-and-ultra-processed-foods-in-the-brazilian-diet-a-cardiovascular-modelling-study
#8
Patrícia Vl Moreira, Lirije Hyseni, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Ana Paula B Martins, Larissa G Baraldi, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty, Maria Guzman-Castillo
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of reducing saturated fat, trans-fat, salt and added sugar from processed culinary ingredients and ultra-processed foods in the Brazilian diet on preventing cardiovascular deaths by 2030. DESIGN: A modelling study. SETTING: Data were obtained from the Brazilian Household Budget Survey 2008/2009. All food items purchased were categorized into food groups according to the NOVA classification. We estimated the energy and nutrient profile of foods then used the IMPACT Food Policy model to estimate the reduction in deaths from CVD up to 2030 in three scenarios...
September 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874443/amelioration-of-diet-induced-steatohepatitis-in-mice-following-combined-therapy-with-aso-fsp27-and-fenofibrate
#9
Ananthi Rajamoorthi, Noemi Arias, Jeannine Basta, Richard G Lee, Ángel Baldán
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease. NAFLD progresses from benign steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH) to cirrhosis, and is linked to hepatocellular carcinoma. No targeted treatment is currently approved for NAFLD/NASH. We showed that fat-specific protein 27 (FSP27), a lipid droplet-associated protein that controls triglyceride turnover in the hepatocyte, is required for fasting- and diet-induced triglyceride accumulation in the liver. However, silencing Fsp27 with antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) did not improve hepatosteatosis in genetic nor nutritional mouse models of obesity...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873643/influence-of-seasonal-variation-and-ultra-high-temperature-processing-on-lipid-profile-and-fat-globule-structure-of-swedish-cow-milk
#10
Jing Lu, Jana Pickova, José L Vázquez-Gutiérrez, Maud Langton
To investigate the effects of seasonal variations and processing on cow milk fat, raw milk collected in six individual months and corresponding ultra high temperature (UHT) milk were analyzed. Similar seasonal variations in lipid classes and fatty acid composition were found in raw and UHT milk. Under commercial processing, lipid content was standardized to approximately 1.5% in UHT milk. Decreased diameter of fat droplets (around 1µm) and thinner globule membranes were observed, as revealed using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869167/determinants-associated-with-the-correction-of-glomerular-hyper-filtration-one-year-after-bariatric-surgery
#11
Guillaume Favre, Rodolphe Anty, Clémence Canivet, Gabrielle Clément, Imed Ben-Amor, Albert Tran, Jean Gugenheim, Philippe Gual, Vincent L M Esnault, Antonio Iannelli
BACKGROUND: Increased adipokine production and hyperfiltration may explain the links between obesity and chronic kidney disease. Indeed, hyperfiltration may precede a subsequent accelerated decline of kidney function in these patients. Glomerular filtration rate decreases after bariatric surgery in young obese patients with hyperfiltration. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify the factors associated with this decrease 1 year after bariatric surgery. SETTING: We used data from a prospective cohort of severely obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery in Nice University Hospital...
July 19, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867107/fatty-acid-profile-of-edible-oils-and-fats-consumed-in-india
#12
Charles Dorni, Paras Sharma, Gunendra Saikia, T Longvah
A total 320 samples of edible oils and fats (Oils-236; Vanaspati- 45; Ghee-39) were sampled from 107 sampling sites in India and were evaluated for their fatty acid profile. This is the first comprehensive report on fatty acids profile of fats & oil commonly consumed in India. Every variety of edible oil showed its own unique fatty acid profile with significant variation within each individual fatty acid. Pure safflower oil exhibited the highest total TPUFA (76.78%) while the highest TSFA was noticed for coconut oil (90...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865836/reconstruction-of-neck-and-face-scar-contractures-using-occipito-cervico-dorsal-supercharged-super-thin-flaps-a-retrospective-analysis-of-82-cases-in-vietnam
#13
Vu Quang Vinh, Tran Van Anh, Nguyen Gia Tiên, Hiko Hyakusoku, Rei Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The concept of the "super-thin flap" (also known as the subdermal vascular network flap) was introduced in Japan in 1994. Its distinctive characteristic is its extreme thinness: it is thinned to the point that the subdermal vascular network (subdermal plexus) can be seen through the minimal fat layer. Since 2006 in Vietnam, we have used circumflex scapular artery-supercharged occipito-cervico-dorsal (OCD) super-thin flaps to reconstruct cases of neck and face scar contracture...
August 30, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843691/dietary-supplementation-with-dried-olive-pomace-in-dairy-cows-modifies-the-composition-of-fatty-acids-and-the-aromatic-profile-in-milk-and-related-cheese
#14
F Castellani, A Vitali, N Bernardi, E Marone, F Palazzo, L Grotta, G Martino
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary integration of dried olive pomace (DOP), a by-product of olive oil separation, on nutritional and aromatic properties of milk and cheese. Twenty dairy cows were divided into 2 groups that were balanced for milk yield, parity, and days in milk. The control group was fed a conventional diet (20 kg of dry matter/head per day), whereas the experimental group (EG) received the conventional diet supplemented with DOP as 10% of dry matter. During the trial, milk yield was recorded and the samples of milk, cheese, total mixed rations, and DOP were collected and analyzed to determine the chemical-nutritional composition and aromatic profile...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822549/effect-of-substituting-soybean-meal-and-canola-cake-with-grain-based-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-as-a-protein-source-on-feed-intake-milk-production-and-milk-quality-in-dairy-cows
#15
C Gaillard, M T Sørensen, M Vestergaard, M R Weisbjerg, A Basar, M K Larsen, H Martinussen, U Kidmose, J Sehested
The growth of the bioethanol industry is leading to an increase in the production of coproducts such as dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). Both corn-based DDGS and grain-based DDGS (gDDGS; defined as originating from grain sources such as barley, wheat, triticale, or a mix, excluding corn) appear to be relevant sources of feed and protein for dairy cows. To date, most of the studies investigating DDGS have been performed with corn-based DDGS. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of the proportion of gDDGS in the diet on feed intake, milk production, and milk quality...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820834/super-thin-scip-flap-for-reconstruction-of-subungual-melanoma-aesthetic-functional-surgery
#16
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Bo Young Park, Eun-Ji Kim, Jung-Han Kim, Kee-Taek Jang, Sang-Hee Choi, Dong-Youn Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to use a super-thin, free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap in the functional surgery for treating subungual melanoma and to evaluate its outcomes. METHODS: Forty-one patients with primary subungual melanoma of ≤ 2-mm thickness who were treated with functional surgery were prospectively enrolled. Following oncologic resection, a thin SCIP flap was harvested along the trans-superficial fat layer and transferred to the defect with further thinning by primary defatting...
August 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818419/a-school-based-brand-marketing-program-s-adherence-to-federal-nutrition-criteria
#17
Alyssa J Moran, Eric B Rimm, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 gave the U.S. Department of Agriculture authority to regulate school wellness policies, which include nutritional standards for foods advertised in schools. Brand marketing programs, which encourage students to purchase a company's products in exchange for money or rewards, were not explicitly prohibited. This study assesses the nutritional quality of products participating in "Box Tops for Education" ("Box Tops"), one of the largest national brand marketing programs in schools...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815782/influence-of-conjugated-linoleic-acids-and-vitamin-e-on-milk-fatty-acid-composition-and-concentrations-of-vitamin-a-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-in-blood-and-milk-of-dairy-cows
#18
S Schäfers, U Meyer, D von Soosten, L Hüther, C Drong, K Eder, E Most, A Tröscher, W Pelletier, A Zeyner, S Dänicke
The objective of this trial was to investigate the influences of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E (Vit. E) and their interactions on fatty acid composition and vitamins in milk (α-tocopherol, retinol and β-carotene) as well as on α-tocopherol in blood of pluriparous cows from week 6 ante partum until week 10 post-partum (p.p.). We assigned 59 pluriparous German Holstein cows to four treatment groups with the treatment factors CLA and Vit. E at two levels in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Milk fatty acid composition and milk vitamins were analysed on lactation days 7 and 28...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808194/comparative-effects-of-plant-oils-and-trans-fat-on-blood-lipid-profiles-and-ischemic-stroke-in-rats
#19
Haiyu Guo, Young-Hwan Ban, Yeseul Cha, Tae-Su Kim, Sung-Pyo Lee, Eun Suk An, Jieun Choi, Da Woom Seo, Jung-Min Yon, Ehn-Kyoung Choi, Yun-Bae Kim
Since plant oils are believed to be better than animal fats for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, the effects of various plant oils and trans-fat on blood lipid profiles and ischemic stroke were investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet containing the oils or trans-fat, and then body weights, blood lipids, and effects on brain infarction and physical dysfunction induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) were analyzed. All the oils and trans-fat, except perilla oil, significantly increased body fats and body weight gain...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805916/the-reduction-of-starch-in-finishing-diets-supplemented-with-oil-does-not-prevent-the-accumulation-of-trans-10-18-1-in-lamb-meat
#20
M Costa, S P Alves, A Francisco, J Almeida, C M Alfaia, S V Martins, J A M Prates, J Santos-Silva, O Doran, R J B Bessa
The experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the replacement of cereal with low-starch feed ingredients in lambs' finishing diets supplemented with oils could prevent the accumulation of -10-18:1 in meat. Forty lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets supplemented with soybean oil (5.9%) and fish oil (1%) for 6 wk before slaughter. The control (CON) diet contained 43% barley, and in the other diets, barley was completely replaced by dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), dehydrated sugar beet pulp (DBP), or soybean hulls (SH)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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