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heart failure teenagers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748225/melody%C3%A2-pulmonary-valve-implantation-in-two-teenage-patients-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-status-after-senning-atrial-switch-operation
#1
Rodrigo Rios, Susan R Foerster, Todd M Gudausky
The Melody® transcatheter pulmonary valve system was developed for placement within right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduits in patients with CHD for treatment of stenosis or regurgitation, providing an alternative to open-heart surgery. Abnormal systemic venous connections altering the catheter course to the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit may present a challenge to Melody® valve implantation. We present two such cases, in which the Melody® valve was successfully implanted in teenage patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries after Senning atrial switch operation...
October 17, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118295/accelerated-vascular-aging-as-a-paradigm-for-hypertensive-vascular-disease-prevention-and-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Matthias Barton, Marc Husmann, Matthias R Meyer
Aging is considered the most important nonmodifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death after age 28 years. Because of demographic changes the world population is expected to increase to 9 billion by the year 2050 and up to 12 billion by 2100, with several-fold increases among those 65 years of age and older. Healthy aging and prevention of aging-related diseases and associated health costs have become part of political agendas of governments around the world. Atherosclerotic vascular burden increases with age; accordingly, patients with progeria (premature aging) syndromes die from myocardial infarctions or stroke as teenagers or young adults...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26178230/unicuspid-aortic-valve-presenting-with-cardiac-arrest-in-an-adolescent
#3
Tara Connelly, Walenty Kolcow, Yvonne Smyth, David Veerasingham
Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV) is a rare congenital anomaly typically affecting patients in their fourth and fifth decades and presenting with signs of heart failure. Our case is one of a previously asymptomatic teenage girl with a UAV, who presented with cardiac arrest and was successfully treated. Only two other similar cases have been reported in the literature, both were of slightly older male patients. Our case highlights the morbidity associated with the anomaly supporting the need for careful assessment of the valve in cases where UAV is suspected...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25252409/-results-of-the-cardiosurgical-care-delivery-to-teenagers-and-adult-patients-with-inborn-heart-failures
#4
I G Lebed', N N Rudenko, A D Babliak, A N Romaniuk, V A Khanenova, I N Emets
The results of surgical aid delivery to adult patients, suffering inborn heart failures (IHF), were analyzed for period of 15 yrs. Surgical activity in teenagers and adult patients, suffering IHF, was analyzed with the objective to create a management strategy for such patients. More close dispensary control of teenagers in a pediatrician-cardiologist was noted, while their transfer to the adult clinic it is necessary to follow them thoroughly together with dispensary registration. Progressive enhancement of the patients quantity was registered, in whom more complex and combined inborn anomalies of the heart and the main vessels were diagnosed...
July 2014: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24781393/cardiac-arrhythmia-and-death-of-teenager-linked-to-rare-genetic-disorder-diagnosed-at-autopsy
#5
Jennifer Sue Quick, Michael Dobersen
A 17-year-old male adolescent sustained cardiac arrest after participating in a wrestling match, where he was thrown down. He had no pulse, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was immediately initiated along with application of an automatic external defibrillator. Upon arrival of emergency medical services, an electrocardiogram showed the patient to be in ventricular tachycardia, torsades, and ventricular fibrillation. The patient was ultimately transported to the hospital and, with ACLS protocol being performed, was resuscitated to a junctional rhythm with bradycardia and borderline prolonged QT...
June 2014: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24584601/maps-of-ventricular-activation-time-vat-differences-in-children-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-pilot-study
#6
Krystyna Laszki-Szcząchor, Dorota Polak-Jonkisz, Danuta Zwolińska, Ewa Salomon, Henryk Filipowski, Małgorzata Sobieszczańska
BACKGROUND: Decrement of glomerular filtration rate leads to many serious complications that cause both functional and structural impairments of the other organs. Long-term clinical observations of children and teenagers with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) showed that more than one third of those patients manifested various cardio-vascular conditions. The aim of the study was to analyze possible disturbances in the heart ventricular conduction system by using a technique of ventricular activation time (VAT) differences in ESRF children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) with normal electrocardiogram (ECG) examinations...
March 2015: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24400207/profile-of-cardiac-disease-in-cameroon-and-impact-on-health-care-services
#7
Jacques Cabral Tantchou Tchoumi, Gianfranco Butera
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have emerged as a major public health problem and impose an escalating burden on the health care system in Cameroon. The aim of the study was to investigate the preparedness of health care services for patients presenting with CVD in general and specifically, in St. Elizabeth catholic general hospital Shisong, cardiac centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 2009 and November 2011, a population of 8,389 adults and 706 children consulted the referral cardiac centre of St...
December 2013: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24327634/aortic-valve-insufficiency-in-the-teenager-and-young-adult-the-role-of-prosthetic-valve-replacement
#8
REVIEW
Scott M Bradley
The contents of this article were presented in the session "Aortic insufficiency in the teenager" at the congenital parallel symposium of the 2013 Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) annual meeting. The accompanying articles detail the approaches of aortic valve repair and the Ross procedure.(1,2) The current article focuses on prosthetic valve replacement. For many young patients requiring aortic valve surgery, either aortic valve repair or a Ross procedure provides a good option. The advantages include avoidance of anticoagulation and potential for growth...
October 2013: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24033753/clinical-experience-of-subcutaneous-and-transvenous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-children-and-teenagers
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Stephen J Pettit, Andrew McLean, Ian Colquhoun, Derek Connelly, Karen McLeod
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) systems have no components in contact with the heart and may avoid complications such as lead fracture, venous obstruction, or endocarditis that occur with transvenous leads. Concerns have been raised regarding inappropriate shocks and pocket erosion with S-ICD systems. We have compared the performance of S-ICD and transvenous ICD systems in children and teenagers. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients <20 years of age who received an ICD over a 4-year period in two Scottish centers...
December 2013: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23750961/the-berlin-heart-excor-pediatric-ventricular-assist-device-history-north-american-experience-and-future-directions
#10
REVIEW
Charles D Fraser, Robert D B Jaquiss
Options for long-term mechanical circulatory support to sustain pediatric heart failure patients requiring cardiac transplantation while they wait for donor hearts have been unsatisfactory. The conventional approach has been to use extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), but its lack of feasibility for long-term use and the major complications associated with the technology have limited its use, especially in light of lengthy waiting lists for donor hearts. With the advent of the Berlin Heart EXCOR® Pediatric ventricular assist device (VAD), pediatric heart failure specialists have gained an important tool for helping this patient population survive until a donor heart can be identified...
July 2013: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23726681/-benign-acute-myositis-in-a-17-year-old-boy
#11
A Dandolo, A Banerjee
We describe the case of a 17-year-old teenager who consulted in an emergency unit for acute lateral chest pain with tumefaction. The boy was healthy and had no medical problems or allergies. Upon awakening, he felt faintness and a left lateral chest pain. Movement of the left shoulder was difficult. In the emergency department, the clinical examination showed a painful left axillary mass, normal respiratory and heart function, and normal clinical parameters. Biological assessment revealed substantial cytolysis with major elevation of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) (41 times the normal value) and moderately elevated liver enzymes (2...
July 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23710645/left-ventricular-assist-device-to-avoid-heart-lung-transplant-in-an-adolescent-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-and-severely-elevated-pulmonary-vascular-resistance
#12
Betul Yilmaz, Warren A Zuckerman, Teresa M Lee, Kimberly D Beddows, Lisa A Gilmore, Rakesh K Singh, Marc E Richmond, Jonathan M Chen, Linda J Addonizio
Orthotopic heart transplantation remains the definitive treatment of choice for patients with end-stage heart failure; however, elevated PVRI is a reported risk factor for mortality after heart transplant and, when severely elevated, is considered an absolute contraindication. Use of a ventricular assist device has been proposed as one treatment for reducing pulmonary vascular resistance index in potential heart transplant candidates refractory to medical vasodilator therapies. We report on a teenage patient with dilated cardiomyopathy and severely elevated PVRI, unresponsive to pulmonary vasodilator therapy, who underwent left ventricular assist device implantation to safely allow for aggressive pulmonary vasodilator therapy and to decrease PVRI...
August 2013: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074622/anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-alcapa-in-an-old-adult
#13
Maryam Esmaeilzadeh, Nooshin Hadizadeh, Feridoun Noohi
The anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation. It presents predominantly in infancy and its main presenting feature is myocardial ischemia or heart failure. Survival to adulthood is quite uncommon. If untreated, mortality from ALCAPA approaches 90% in infancy; early recognition and surgical correction are, therefore, essential. With early surgical correction, the prognosis is good. There are two types of ALCAPA syndrome: the infant type and the adult type, each of which has different manifestations and outcomes...
2011: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22949777/remission-of-chronic-anthracycline-induced-heart-failure-with-support-from-a-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device
#14
Nadeem Khan, Syed Arman Husain, Syed Iman Husain, Natalia Khalaf, Joggy George, Farshad Raissi, Ana Maria Segura, Biswajit Kar, Roberta C Bogaev, O H Frazier
We report the case of a patient who had chronic anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy that was reversed after treatment with a left ventricular assist device. A 29-year-old woman had undergone anthracycline-based chemotherapy as a teenager in 1991 and 1992 and received a diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy 10 years later. Optimal medical therapy had initially controlled the symptoms of heart failure. However, in June 2006, the symptoms worsened to New York Heart Association functional class IV status. We implanted a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device as a bridge to cardiac transplantation; of note, a left ventricular core biopsy at that time showed no replacement fibrosis...
2012: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22695892/danon-disease-focusing-on-heart
#15
REVIEW
Zhongwei Cheng, Quan Fang
Danon disease is a rare X-linked dominant lysosomal disease due to the primary deficiency of lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2) gene. Cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy and mental retardation are the typical triad of Danon disease. More than 60 LAMP2 mutations have been reported. The molecular mechanism is defects in LAMP2 protein (due to LAMP2 mutation) which causes insidious glycogen accumulation in cardiac muscle cells and resulting in cardiac hypertrophy and electrophysiological abnormalities...
July 2012: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22408141/cardiac-dysfunction-exacerbated-by-endocrinopathies-in-friedreich-ataxia-a-case-series
#16
Madeline Snyder, Lauren Seyer, David R Lynch, Andrew Resnick, Theresa A Zesiewicz
Friedreich ataxia is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by gait abnormalities, cardiomyopathy, and diabetes. Congestive heart failure was recently reported as the most frequent cause of Friedreich ataxia mortality. Cardiac dysfunction is suspected to result from a frataxin deficiency that leads to oxidative damage in cardiac tissues and possible metabolic syndrome characteristics. In this report, we describe 2 patient cases whose cardiac function worsened dramatically in the presence of underlying endocrinopathies...
October 2012: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22231413/broken-heart-syndrome-a-risk-of-teenage-rhinoplasty
#17
Michael Glamore, Carlos Wolf, Joseph Boolbol, Michael Kelly
"Broken heart" syndrome is a rare phenomenon characterized by transient ballooning of the left ventricle and chronic heart failure, usually presenting in postmenopausal women. It is formally known as acute stress-induced cardiomyopathy and, although described in the cardiology literature, it has not been previously described in plastic surgery patients. It is thought to occur secondary to increased catecholamine levels. This case report outlines two instances of the syndrome occurring in teenage girls undergoing cosmetic rhinoplasty...
January 2012: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21963811/an-unfortunate-teenager
#18
Zishan Sheikh, Shahnawaz Khan, Afroze Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21632878/index-of-suspicion-case-1-status-epilepticus-hypertension-and-tachycardia-in-a-5-year-old-boy-case-2-cardiopulmonary-arrest-during-gymnastics-practice-in-a-teenage-girl-case-3-acute-renal-failure-in-a-teenage-boy-who-has-autism-and-pica
#19
Corey Chartan, Elizabeth Aarons, Aliva De, Steven Fishberger, John Messina, Ifrah Abdirahman, Steven Arora, Maisa Dekna, Keith K Lau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20886387/adeno-associated-virus-for-the-treatment-of-muscle-diseases-toward-clinical-trials
#20
REVIEW
Nina DiPrimio, Scott W J McPhee, R Jude Samulski
Muscle diseases include muscular dystrophies, cardiomyopathies, neuromuscular and metabolic disorders. The loss of normal muscle structure and function is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually lose ambulation in their teenage years, and frequently experience severe respiratory problems and heart failure in later stages of life. These unmet medical needs have encouraged the development of genetic strategies targeting the underlying muscle disease processes...
October 2010: Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics
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