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Systematic reviews and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531562/the-effects-of-lutein-on-respiratory-health-across-the-life-course-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Debora Melo van Lent, Elisabeth T M Leermakers, Sirwan K L Darweesh, Eduardo M Moreira, Myrte J Tielemans, Taulant Muka, Anna Vitezova, Rajiv Chowdhury, Wichor M Bramer, Guy G Brusselle, Janine F Felix, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Lutein, a fat-soluble carotenoid present in green leafy vegetables and eggs, has strong antioxidant properties and could therefore be important for respiratory health. DESIGN: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles that evaluated associations of lutein (intake, supplements or blood levels) with respiratory outcomes, published in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar, up to August 2014. RESULTS: We identified one Randomized Control Trial (RCT), two longitudinal, four prospective and six cross-sectional studies...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531332/are-sleep-problems-a-risk-factor-for-the-onset-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
Alessandro Andreucci, Paul Campbell, Kate M Dunn
Study objectives: Musculoskeletal pain is a major burden on society. Adults with sleep problems are at higher risk for musculoskeletal pain onset, but there is no evidence for this relationship in children and adolescents. This study aimed to systematically review prospective studies on the risk for musculoskeletal pain onset in children and adolescents with sleep problems. Methods: Five databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, AMED, EMBASE, HMIC) were systematically searched to identify prospective studies that investigated if children and adolescents (aged 6-19 years) with sleep problems are at higher risk for musculoskeletal pain onset...
May 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#3
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529386/a-century-of-progress-reading-interventions-for-students-in-grades-4-12-1914-2014
#4
Nancy K Scammacca, Garrett J Roberts, Eunsoo Cho, Kelly J Williams, Greg Roberts, Sharon R Vaughn, Megan Carroll
The history of research on interventions for struggling readers in Grades 4 through 12 dates back to 19th-century case studies of seemingly intelligent children who were unable to learn to read. Physicians, psychologists, educators, and others were determined to help them. In the process, they launched a century of research on a wide variety of approaches to reading intervention. As shown in this systematic narrative review, much has changed over time in the conceptualization of reading interventions and the methods used to determine their efficacy in improving outcomes for struggling readers...
September 2016: Review of Educational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528013/congenital-h-type-tracheoesophageal-fistula-a-multicenter-review-of-outcomes-in-a-rare-disease
#5
Sara C Fallon, Jacob C Langer, Shawn D St Peter, KuoJen Tsao, Caroline M Kellagher, Dave R Lal, Jill S Whitehouse, Diana L Diesen, Michael D Rollins, Elizabeth Pontarelli, Marcus M Malek, Corey W Iqbal, Jeffrey S Upperman, Charles M Leys, Mark L Wulkan, Sarah J Hill, Martin L Blakely, Timothy D Kane, David E Wesson
OBJECTIVE: To perform a multicenter review of outcomes in patients with H-type tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) in order to better understand the incidence and causes of post-operative complications. BACKGROUND: H-type TEF without esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare anomaly with a fundamentally different management algorithm than the more common types of EA/TEF. Outcomes after surgical treatment of H-type TEF are largely unknown, but many authoritative textbooks describe a high incidence of respiratory complications...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527424/influence-of-chronic-stretching-on-muscle-performance-systematic-review
#6
D M Medeiros, C S Lima
The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of chronic stretching on muscle performance (MP) by a systematic review. The search strategy included MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, LILACS, and manual search from inception to June 2016. Randomized and controlled clinical trials, non-randomized, and single group studies that have analyzed the influence of flexibility training (FT) (using any stretching technique) on MP were included. Differently, studies with special populations (children, elderly, and people with any dysfunction/disease), and articles that have used FT protocols shorter than three weeks or 12 sessions were excluded...
May 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526280/an-overview-of-medical-risk-factors-for-childhood-psychosis-implications-for-research-and-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Marianna Giannitelli, Angèle Consoli, Marie Raffin, Renaud Jardri, Douglas F Levinson, David Cohen, Claudine Laurent-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders in childhood and early adolescence often progress to chronic schizophrenia, but in many cases there are diagnosable medical and genetic causes or risk factors. We reviewed our clinical experience and the relevant literature to identify these factors and to define their clinical features, appropriate work-up and treatment. METHOD: We reviewed the results of comprehensive medical evaluations of 160 psychotic children and adolescents in our center...
May 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521810/estimation-of-the-burden-of-varicella-in-europe-before-the-introduction-of-universal-childhood-immunization
#8
Margarita Riera-Montes, Kaatje Bollaerts, Ulrich Heininger, Niel Hens, Giovanni Gabutti, Angel Gil, Bayad Nozad, Grazina Mirinaviciute, Elmira Flem, Audrey Souverain, Thomas Verstraeten, Susanne Hartwig
BACKGROUND: Varicella is generally considered a mild disease. Disease burden is not well known and country-level estimation is challenging. As varicella disease is not notifiable, notification criteria and rates vary between countries. In general, existing surveillance systems do not capture cases that do not seek medical care, and most are affected by underreporting and underascertainment. We aimed to estimate the overall varicella disease burden in Europe to provide critical information to support decision-making regarding varicella vaccination...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521520/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Falszewska A, Dziechciarz P, Szajewska H. The diagnostic accuracy of Clinical Dehydration Scale in identifying dehydration in children with acute gastroenteritis: a systematic review. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2014;53:1181-8. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0009922814538493 ).
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521112/prevalence-of-externalizing-disorders-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Shannon Lange, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou, Svetlana Popova
Due to their central nervous system impairments, children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) commonly exhibit externalizing behaviours such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or delinquency. The purpose of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent externalizing behaviours, namely Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as well as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among children with FASD...
May 18, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520538/treatment-strategies-for-paradoxical-hypertension-following-surgical-correction-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta-in-children
#11
Peter P Roeleveld, Eline G Zwijsen
BACKGROUND: Paradoxical hypertension after repair of coarctation of the aorta is a well-known phenomenon. The pathogenesis involves the activation of the sympathetic nervous system (first phase) and renin-angiotensin system (second phase). Only a limited number of different treatment strategies have been published in the literature, without any comparative studies. METHODS: Our aim was to describe the current international practice variation surrounding pharmacological treatment currently being employed to treat paradoxical hypertension following the repair of coarctation of the aorta in children...
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516451/evidence-that-eating-baked-egg-or-milk-influences-egg-or-milk-allergy-resolution-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
R Lambert, K E C Grimshaw, B Ellis, J Jaitly, G Roberts
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the frequent ingestion of baked hen's egg or cow's milk accelerates the resolution of hen's egg or cow's milk allergy. This practice is being introduced into clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence to determine whether the introduction of baked hen's egg or cow's milk into the diet of children with hen's egg or cow's milk allergies respectively leads to a larger proportion of children outgrowing these allergies than expected...
May 17, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514987/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-within-households
#13
Satoko Kosaka, Masahiro Umezaki
Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the emergence of the double burden of malnutrition within households. We provide an overview of the literature regarding this phenomenon by reviewing previous studies of the prevalence of double-burden households and associated factors together with the research methods used. Studies were identified from the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science, using the same search terms for both. A total of thirty-five articles met the eligibility criteria, and 367 sets of prevalence data were extracted...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513624/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia-current-trends-and-risk-factors
#14
REVIEW
E-S Tee, R W K Yap
This review discussed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Malaysia and the associated major risk factors, namely overweight/obesity, dietary practices and physical activity in both adults and school children. Detailed analyses of such information will provide crucial information for the formulation and implementation of programmes for the control and prevention of T2DM in the country. National studies from 1996-2015, and other recent nation-wide studies were referred to. The current prevalence of DM in 2015 is 17...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513263/mortality-benefits-of-vitamin-a-are-not-affected-by-varying-frequency-total-dose-or-duration-of-supplementation
#15
Sarah Kranz, Laura Pimpin, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Patrick Webb, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin A supplementation reduces child mortality, it remains unclear whether dosing frequency, total dose, or duration modifies effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether mortality effects of vitamin A vary by dosing frequency, total dose, or duration. METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, identified by systematic review and expert opinion, utilizing relatively standard World Health Organization doses in children <5 years...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513085/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-endoscopic-dilation-is-highly-effective-and-safe-in-children-and-adults-with-eosinophilic-oesophagitis
#16
REVIEW
F J Moawad, J Molina-Infante, A J Lucendo, S E Cantrell, L Tmanova, K M Douglas
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal dilation is frequently used as an adjunct treatment to alleviate symptoms that develop from fibrostenotic remodelling in eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE). Earlier reports described an increased risk of complications associated with dilation. AIM: Perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of endoscopic dilation in children and adults with EoE. METHODS: Professional librarians searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, Scopus, and Web of Science for articles in any language describing studies of dilation in EoE through December 2016...
May 17, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513062/what-are-the-family-needs-when-a-parent-has-mental-health-problems-evidence-from-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Patricia Wahl, Dirk Bruland, Ullrich Bauer, Orkan Okan, Albert Lenz
PROBLEM: Little evidence exists showing how a given high-risk group of children born to parents with poor mental health seek help and how care may be improved in order to better reach and support their families. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to identify the needs and help-seeking behaviors of children and their parents. Through an analysis of both quantitative and qualitative studies, published in German- and English-speaking research literature, the needs of children and parents were identified and categorized...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513061/disorder-specific-versus-generic-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-disorder-specific-cbt-compared-with-the-disorder-generic-treatment-coping-cat
#18
Rose Oldham-Cooper, Maria Loades
BACKGROUND: Coping Cat (CC), a generic cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, is recommended in the United Kingdom for social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety (SA), and specific phobias (SP), with disorder-specific approaches generally favored in treatment of anxiety disorders in adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare CC with disorder-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions based on anxiety-related treatment outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511929/clinical-characteristics-of-pertussis-associated-cough-in-adults-and-children-a-diagnostic-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Abigail Moore, Helen F Ashdown, Bethany Shinkins, Nia W Roberts, Cameron C Grant, Daniel S Lasserson, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Pertussis (whooping cough) is a highly infective cause of cough that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Existing case definitions include paroxysmal cough, whooping and post-tussive vomiting but diagnosis can be difficult. We determined the diagnostic accuracy of clinical characteristics of pertussis-associated cough. METHODS: We systematically searched CINAHL, Embase, Medline and SCI-EXPANDED/CPCI-S up to June 2016. Eligible studies compared clinical characteristics in those positive and negative for Bordetella pertussis infection, confirmed by laboratory investigations...
May 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511493/isolated-central-nervous-system-cns-relapse-in-paediatric-acute-promyelocytic-leukaemia-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Smeeta Gajendra, Rashmi Ranjan Das, Rashi Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Extramedullary disease, as a whole, is rare in Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia (APML). If at all relapse occurs, following sites are involved: Central Nervous System (CNS), skin, testes, mediastinum, gingiva, and ear. Isolated CNS relapses after complete morphological and molecular remission is rarer particularly in children. AIM: To review the literature systematically to find out the incidence of isolated CNS relapse in paediatric APML cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of major databases (Medline, Pubmed and Google Scholar) was conducted...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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