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Systematic reviews and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918371/willems-method-of-dental-age-estimation-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
J S Sehrawat, Monika Singh
BACKGROUND: Age estimation from dental developmental stages is considered comparatively more accurate, reliable and precise than other methods used in forensic sciences. Willems method is the revised version of Demirjian method, based on modified dental maturity scores to estimate age of children in years for both the sexes. AIMS: To test the applicability and accuracy level of Willems method of dental age estimation in diverse population samples by quantifying the variations between the chronological and estimated ages of an individual...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918234/a-fatal-review-exploring-how-children-s-deaths-are-reported-in-the-united-states
#2
Brianne M Posey, Melanie-Angela Neuilly
Child death reports are the leading data source used to orchestrate child fatality prevention policy. Therefore, the way in which child death is reported is crucial to how we sustain life. We sought to assess the systematic ways in which death is reported for children. Based on a qualitative analysis of medico-legal investigation reports collected from a medical examiner's office and a coroner's office, we examined several indicators of data completeness, quality, site organizational structure, and consistency...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917364/managing-childhood-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-with-exercise-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Hwei Wuen Chan, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Wee-Song Yeo
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting some 8-10% of children worldwide. Increasing research has shed light on the life course of the disorder, suggesting that majority of children with ADHD will continue to have persistent symptoms into adulthood. The mainstay of ADHD management has been pharmacologic and behavioural/psychological interventions, with little attention paid to exercise as a potential management strategy...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917161/maternal-ssri-exposure-increases-the-risk-of-autistic-offspring-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#4
S Andalib, M R Emamhadi, S Yousefzadeh-Chabok, S K Shakouri, P F Høilund-Carlsen, M S Vafaee, T M Michel
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common antidepressants used to preclude maternal pregnancy depression. There is a growing body of literature assessing the association of prenatal exposure to SSRIs with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present systematic review and meta-analysis reviewed the medical literature and pooled the results of the association of prenatal exposure to SSRIs with ASD. METHODS: Published investigations in English by June 2016 with keywords of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SSRI, autism spectrum disorder, ASD, pregnancy, childhood, children, neurodevelopment were identified using databases PubMed and PMC, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar...
June 20, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916577/evaluation-of-nutrition-interventions-in-children-in-conflict-zones-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Grace J Carroll, Sonam D Lama, Josefa L Martinez-Brockman, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Food and nutrition insecurity becomes increasingly worse in areas affected by armed conflict. Children affected by conflict, or in war-torn settings, face a disproportionate burden of malnutrition and poor health outcomes. As noted by humanitarian response reviews, there is a need for a stronger evidence-based response to humanitarian crises. To achieve this, we systematically searched and evaluated existing nutrition interventions carried out in conflict settings that assessed their impact on children's nutrition status...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916572/anthropometric-indicators-as-body-fat-discriminators-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Carlos As Alves Junior, Michel C Mocellin, Eliane C Andrade Gonçalves, Diego As Silva, Erasmo Bsm Trindade
We analyzed the discriminatory capacity of anthropometric indicators for body fat in children and adolescents. This systematic review and meta-analysis included cross-sectional and clinical studies comprising children and adolescents aged 2-19 y that tested the discriminatory value for body fat measured by anthropometric methods or indexes generated by anthropometric variables compared with precision methods in the diagnosis of body fat [dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), computed tomography, air displacement plethysmography (ADP), or MRI]...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915839/risk-of-mortality-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-their-first-degree-relatives-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Jane A Driver, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Jaume Forés-Martos, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are childhood onset neurodevelopmental disorders that may persist into adulthood. ASD and ADHD tend to run in families and may have a significant negative impact on the health and longevity of those with the disorder and their relatives. The aim of this study will be to analyze the risk of mortality among children, adolescents, and adults with ASD or ADHD and their first-degree relatives. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies...
September 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915512/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-predictors-of-expressive-language-outcomes-among-late-talkers
#8
Evelyn L Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers? Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915154/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#9
Inmaculada Calvo-Muñoz, Francisco M Kovacs, Marta Roqué, Inés Gago Fernández, Jesús Seco Calvo
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted (Prospero CRD42016038186). Observational studies analyzing LBP risk factors among subjects aged between 9 and 16 were searched for in 13 electronic databases and 8 specialized journals until March 31st, 2016, with no language restrictions. Additionally, references in the identified studies were manually tracked. All identified studies which included ≥50 subjects aged 9 to 16, were reviewed...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914636/dietary-intervention-for-preventing-food-allergy-in-children
#10
Yichao Wang, Katrina J Allen, Jennifer J Koplin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past decade, food allergy has been increasingly recognized as an important public health issue. The role of maternal and infant diet in the development of food allergy has been a major focus of research throughout this period. Recently, research in this area has moved from observational studies to intervention trials, and the findings from these trials have started to influence infant feeding guidelines. In this article, we review recent studies of dietary interventions for preventing food allergy, summarize current knowledge and discuss future research directions...
September 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914445/the-prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-and-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jenny Downs, Amanda Marie Blackmore, Amy Epstein, Rachel Skoss, Katherine Langdon, Peter Jacoby, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Helen Leonard, Peter W Rowe, Emma J Glasson
AIM: Mental health conditions and problems are often reported in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). A systematic review was undertaken to describe their prevalence. METHOD: MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases from 1996 to 2016 were searched and reference lists of selected studies were reviewed. Studies were included if they reported point prevalence of mental health diagnoses or symptoms in a general population of children and/or adolescents with CP. Pooled prevalence for mental health symptoms was determined using a random effects meta-analysis...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914382/clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jordina Tor, Montserrat Dolz, Anna Sintes, Daniel Muñoz, Marta Pardo, Elena de la Serna, Olga Puig, Gisela Sugranyes, Inmaculada Baeza
The concept of being at risk for psychosis has been introduced both for adults and children and adolescents, but fewer studies have been conducted in the latter population. The aim of this study is to systematically review the articles associated with clinical description, interventions, outcome and other areas in children and adolescents at risk for psychosis. We searched in MEDLINE/PubMed and PsycINFO databases for articles published up to 30/06/16. Reviewed articles were prospective studies; written in English; original articles with Clinical High Risk (CHR) for psychosis samples; and mean age of samples younger than 18 years...
September 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914199/clinical-applications-of-intravenous-immunoglobulins-in-child-neurology
#13
Maria Gogou, Efimia Papadopoulou-Alataki, Martha Spilioti, Sofia Alataki, Athanasios Evangeliou
BACKGROUND: While there are guidelines for the use of intravenous immunoglobulins in children with Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis based on high-level evidence studies, data is fewer for the majority of neurologic disorders in this age group. Neuronal antibodies are detected in children with seizures of autoimmune etiology. Intravenous immunoglobulins with their broad immunomodulatory mechanism of action could be ideally effective in different forms of immune-dysregulated intractable epilepsies such as autoimmune epilepsy and autoimmune Rasmussen encephalitis...
September 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914112/socioeconomic-differences-in-childhood-vaccination-in-developed-countries-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#14
Aurélie Bocquier, Jeremy Ward, Jocelyn Raude, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Pierre Verger
Introduction The reasons for vaccine hesitancy and its relation to individual socioeconomic status (SES) must be better understood. Areas covered This review focused on developed countries with programs addressing major financial barriers to vaccination access. We systematically reviewed differences by SES in uptake of publicly funded childhood vaccines and in cognitive determinants (beliefs, attitudes) of parental decisions about vaccinating their children. Using the PRISMA statement to guide this review, we searched three electronic databases from January 2000 through April 2016...
September 15, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913977/the-effect-of-diet-or-exercise-on-ectopic-adiposity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
W Hens, D Vissers, D Hansen, S Peeters, J Gielen, L Van Gaal, J Taeymans
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic fat depostion in youth with obesity is associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence for the use of diet and/or exercise on ectopic adiposity in this population. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement. Clinical trials that assessed ectopic fat deposition and included study arms with diet and/or exercise were searched in PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane database...
September 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#16
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
September 14, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913332/the-impact-of-disclosure-on-health-and-related-outcomes-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-children-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Angela Odiachi
This review explores the association between pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disclosure and health and related outcomes among children living with HIV. A multi-stage process was used to search for relevant articles on the ISI Web of Knowledge database. Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Five major outcomes emerged from children's knowledge of their HIV-seropositive status: physical/physiological outcomes; adherence to antiretroviral therapy; psychosocial outcomes; sexual and reproductive health, including HIV prevention outcomes; and disclosure of status by the children...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912638/chronic-pain-assessments-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-selection-administration-interpretation-and-reporting-of-unidimensional-pain-intensity-scales
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca Rachael Lee, Amir Rashid, Daniela Ghio, Wendy Thomson, Lis Cordingley
BACKGROUND: Advances in pain assessment approaches now indicate which measures should be used to capture chronic pain experiences in children and adolescents. However, there is little guidance on how these tools should best be administered and reported, such as which time frames to use or how pain scores are categorised as mild, moderate, or severe. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise current evidence on unidimensional, single-item pain intensity scale selection, administration, interpretation, and reporting...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#19
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911983/does-the-association-between-early-life-growth-and-later-obesity-differ-by-race-ethnicity-or-socioeconomic-status-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Sarah B Andrea, Elizabeth R Hooker, Lynne C Messer, Thomas Tandy, Janne Boone-Heinonen
PURPOSE: Rapid growth during infancy predicts higher risk of obesity later in childhood. The association between patterns of early life growth and later obesity may differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status (SES), but prior evidence syntheses do not consider vulnerable subpopulations. METHODS: We systemically reviewed published studies that explored patterns of early life growth (0-24 months of age) as predictors of later obesity (>24 months) that were either conducted in racial/ethnic minority or low-SES study populations or assessed effect modification of this association by race/ethnicity or SES...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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