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Systematic reviews and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636173/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-amblyopia-and-strabismus-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Sheela E Kumaran, Jyoti Khadka, Rod Baker, Konrad Pesudovs
BACKGROUND: Many patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been developed and/or used to measure the impact of amblyopia and strabismus on quality of life (QoL). Identifying the one with superior quality is important for evaluating the effectiveness of novel therapy for amblyopia and for directing improved clinical decision-making in adults considering strabismic surgery. Therefore, the aim of this review is to identify all PROMs previously developed/used to study the impact of amblyopia and/or strabismus on QoL and to appraise the quality and comprehensiveness of content of the disease-specific instruments...
June 21, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633888/burden-of-acute-gastroenteritis-caused-by-norovirus-in-china-a-systematic-review
#2
Hong-Lu Zhou, Shan-Shan Zhen, Jin-Xia Wang, Can-Jing Zhang, Chao Qiu, Song-Mei Wang, Xi Jiang, Xuan-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: To understand the epidemiology and disease burden of norovirus (NoVs) gastroenteritis in China, a systematic review was conducted. METHODS: Studies on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) caused by NoVs from mainland China, published before 2017 were searched. All retrieved articles were screened and reviewed by a standardized algorithm. NoVs detection rates as well as strain variations by ages, seasonal variations and geographic locations were analyzed using random-effects model...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632930/long-term-follow-up-of-intra-cytoplasmic-sperm-injection-conceived-offspring-compared-with-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-conceived-offspring-a-systematic-review-of-health-outcomes-beyond-the-neonatal-period
#3
REVIEW
S R Catford, R I McLachlan, M K O'Bryan, J L Halliday
The use of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has increased significantly worldwide, often chosen instead of in vitro fertilization (IVF), yet long-term health outcomes are unknown and health differences between ICSI and IVF conceptions have not been comprehensively assessed. A systematic review of health outcomes of ICSI-conceived offspring beyond the neonatal period compared to IVF-conceived offspring was carried out. PubMed, OVID Medline/Embase, Informit, Web of Science and Proquest databases were searched on 9 November 2016 for studies reporting on health outcomes in ICSI-conceived offspring beyond 28 days after birth...
June 20, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#5
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632733/ponseti-method-in-the-management-of-clubfoot-under-2-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#6
Balasankar Ganesan, Ameersing Luximon, Adel Al-Jumaily, Suchita Kothe Balasankar, Ganesh R Naik
BACKGROUND: Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), also known as clubfoot, is common congenital orthopedic foot deformity in children characterized by four components of foot deformities: hindfoot equinus, hindfoot varus, midfoot cavus, and forefoot adduction. Although a number of conservative and surgical methods have been proposed to correct the clubfoot deformity, the relapses of the clubfoot are not uncommon. Several previous literatures discussed about the technical details of Ponseti method, adherence of Ponseti protocol among walking age or older children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632465/psychosocial-outcome-and-quality-of-life-following-childhood-stroke-a-systematic-review
#7
Fiadhnait O'Keeffe, Daniel Stark, Orlagh Murphy, Vijeya Ganesan, John King, Tara Murphy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to critically review the recent literature on psychosocial and behavioral outcome following childhood stroke, to assess whether quality of life is affected and to investigate the factors related to psychosocial outcome. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted and identified 36 relevant papers from the period 1908-2016. RESULTS: The systematic review found that many children experience difficulties in a wide range of psychosocial domains...
February 16, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632463/the-effects-of-dosage-time-and-frequency-on-motor-outcomes-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#8
Steven Cope, Samantha Mohn-Johnsen
PURPOSE: Provide an updated review regarding treatment dosage for children with cerebral palsy (CP) by examining the variables of type, time, frequency, and intensity. METHODS: A systematic review was performed with 30 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Two authors independently extracted data including information about risk of bias. Ten articles were included in the review. RESULTS: Eight studies manipulated time, two studies manipulated frequency, and three studies manipulated both variables...
February 16, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631599/efficacy-and-safety-of-omalizumab-in-children-and-adolescents-with-moderate-to-severe-asthma-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
J Corren, A Kavati, B Ortiz, J A Colby, K Ruiz, B A Maiese, S M Cadarette, R A Panettieri
BACKGROUND: There are limited pediatric data about the use of omalizumab, especially the effectiveness and safety ofomalizumab in the real-world management of allergic asthma. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to summarize the safety and efficacy of omalizumab in both randomized clinicaltrials (RCT) used for U.S. Food and Drug Administration registration and real-world studies (RWS) based on clinical care of children with moderate-to-severe asthma. METHODS: Studies that evaluated omalizumab use in patients < 18 years old and with asthma, published between January2003 and October 2016, were retrieved from medical literature data bases...
June 19, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631099/discontinuation-of-pharmacological-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-meta-analysis-of-63-studies-enrolling-11-788-patients
#10
M Riera, X Castells, A Tobias, R Cunill, L Blanco, D Capellà
BACKGROUND: The risk-benefit balance of pharmacological treatment for children and adolescents with ADHD and the factors that moderate this relationship are unclear. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RPCCTs) investigating the efficacy of pharmacological treatment in children or adolescents with ADHD was carried out. Meta-analysis of treatment discontinuation, clinician-, parent- and teacher-rated efficacy and adverse events was performed...
June 19, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630693/quality-of-food-frequency-questionnaire-validation-studies-in-the-dietary-assessment-of-children-aged-12-to-36-months-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Amy Lovell, Rhodi Bulloch, Clare R Wall, Cameron C Grant
A child's diet is an important determinant of growth and development. Because of this, the accurate assessment of dietary intake in young children remains a challenge. A systematic search of studies validating FFQ methodologies in children 12 to 36 months of age was completed. English-language articles published until March 2016 were searched using three electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL). Quality assessment of the identified studies was carried out using The Reduced Summary Score and EURopean micronutrient RECommendations Aligned (EURRECA) scoring system...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630231/understanding-medication-nonadherence-after-kidney-transplant
#12
Thomas E Nevins, Peter W Nickerson, Mary Amanda Dew
Alloimmunity remains a barrier to long-term graft survival that necessitates lifelong immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplant. Medication nonadherence has been increasingly recognized as a major impediment to achieving effective immunosuppression. Electronic medication monitoring further reveals that nonadherence manifests early after transplant, although the effect is delayed. The etiology of nonadherence is multifactorial, with the strongest risk factors including past nonadherence and being an adolescent or young adult...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#13
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627071/oral-health-status-of-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Ni Zhou, Hai Ming Wong, Yi Feng Wen, Colman Mcgrath
AIM: To compare the oral health status of children and adolescents affected by intellectual disabilities with their unaffected counterparts. METHOD: Citations published in English were searched from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus) from their start dates to March 2017. The whole process was conducted following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. The PICO (population, intervention/interest, comparator, outcome) principle was used to formulate the topic...
June 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627006/parents-perceptions-during-the-transition-to-home-for-their-child-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-how-can-we-support-families-of-children-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#15
Sarita March
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the literature related to transitions in healthcare between the hospital and home that caregivers experience with a child who has a congenital heart defect (CHD), specifically related to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted searching OVID Medline, CINAHL, and PubMed to discover the caregivers' perceptions on their transitions between hospital care and home care of their child with a CHD...
June 18, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625693/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-replacement-of-the-esophagus-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Stefano Garritano, Tomoyuki Irino, Chiara Maria Scandavini, Andrianos Tsekrekos, Lars Lundell, Ioannis Rouvelas
BACKGROUND: The indications of esophageal replacement (ER) in pediatric patients include long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), intractable post-corrosive esophageal strictures (PCES), and some rare esophageal diseases. Various conduits and procedures are currently used worldwide with a lack of consensus regarding the ideal substitute to replace the esophagus replacement. The short-term outcomes of these advanced procedures are well known; there are few data available describing long-term functional outcomes of these patients with long life expectancy...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624354/school-reintegration-of-pediatric-burn-survivors-an-integrative-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Raquel Pan, Bruna Domingos Dos Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The school is an essential context for children's social interaction with peers and to develop academic skills. Therefore, a fast reintegration can help children with burns to normalize their life. Thus, school reintegration is an important outcome after burns. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature addressing school reintegration programs of pediatric burns survivors. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched independently by two reviewers...
June 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623811/residential-exposure-to-pesticides-as-risk-factor-for-childhood-and-young-adult-brain-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Geneviève Van Maele-Fabry, Laurence Gamet-Payrastre, Dominique Lison
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests a positive association between exposure to non-agricultural pesticides and childhood brain tumors (CBT). OBJECTIVE: (1) To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies on the association between residential/household/domestic exposure to pesticides and childhood brain tumors. (2) To clarify variables that could impact the results. METHODS: Publications in English were identified from a MEDLINE search through 28 February 2017 and from the reference list of identified publications...
June 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622285/what-is-the-effectiveness-of-systemic-corticosteroids-in-children-with-croup
#19
Elizabeth Muñoz-Osores, Deidyland Arenas
Systemic corticosteroids constitute standard treatment in children with acute obstructive laryngitis (croup). However, there is some uncertainty in relation with the magnitude of the benefits and risks associated with their use. To answer this question, we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We identified six systematic reviews including 25 randomized trials relevant for the question of interest...
June 6, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621573/update-on-the-diagnostic-value-and-safety-of-stereotactic-biopsy-for-pediatric-brainstem-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-735-cases
#20
Christina Hamisch, Philipp Kickingereder, Matthias Fischer, Thorsten Simon, Maximilian I Ruge
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have shed light on the molecular makeup of diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas and led to the identification of potential treatment targets for these lesions, which account for the majority of pediatric brainstem tumors (pedBSTs). Therefore, stereotactic biopsy-driven molecular characterization of pedBSTs may become an important prerequisite for the management of these fatal brain tumors. The authors conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis to precisely determine the safety and diagnostic success of stereotactic biopsy of pedBSTs...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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