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Systematic reviews and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353323/does-methylphenidate-improve-academic-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Jaap Oosterlaan
Academic improvement is amongst the most common treatment targets when prescribing stimulants to children with ADHD. Previous reviews on stimulant-related academic improvements are inconclusive and focus on task engagement. Recent literature suggests outcome-domain-specific medication effects that are larger for productivity than for accuracy. The aims of this study are quantifying methylphenidate effects on academic productivity and accuracy for math, reading, spelling; exploring the mediating or moderating effects of symptom improvements, demographic-, design- and disorder-related variables...
January 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353312/child-labour-and-health-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi, Oduro Oppong-Nkrumah, Jay Kaufman, Jose Ignacio Nazif-Munoz, Arijit Nandi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to synthesise the available knowledge, identify unexplored areas and discuss general limits of the published evidence. We focused on outcomes commonly hypothesised to be affected by child labour: nutritional status, harmful exposures and injuries. METHODS: Four electronic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, ISI Web of Science) were searched in November 2017. All articles published since 1996, without restrictions on language, were considered for inclusion...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353283/association-between-dental-caries-and-bmi-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Dongru Chen, Qinghui Zhi, Yan Zhou, Ye Tao, Liping Wu, Huancai Lin
Research on the association between dental caries and body mass index (BMI) in children has shown contradictory results; thus we aimed to examine the association between dental caries and the full range of BMI classes among children. We comprehensively searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published prior to March 2017. Articles comparing dental caries among the full range of BMI classes for children below 18 years of both genders were included. Fourteen studies were eligible for this study...
January 20, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351642/caregiver-provided-physical-therapy-home-programs-for-children-with-motor-delay-a-scoping-review
#4
Edward James R Gorgon
Background: Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations. Purpose: This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing methodologic quality, and (3) examining the reporting of caregiver-related components...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351288/environmental-enteric-dysfunction-pathways-and-child-stunting-a-systematic-review
#5
Kaitlyn M Harper, Maxine Mutasa, Andrew J Prendergast, Jean Humphrey, Amee R Manges
BACKGROUND: Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is commonly defined as an acquired subclinical disorder of the small intestine, characterized by villous atrophy and crypt hyperplasia. EED has been proposed to underlie stunted growth among children in developing countries. A collection of biomarkers, organized into distinct domains, has been used to measure different aspects of EED. Here, we examine whether these hypothesized relationships, among EED domains and between each domain and stunting, are supported by data from recent studies...
January 19, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351286/socio-economic-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-literature-review
#6
Grainne O'Donoghue, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Fiona Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Chantal Simon, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347919/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-schistosomiasis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#7
Hlengiwe Sacolo, Moses Chimbari, Chester Kalinda
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a global health problem with an estimated 250 million people in 78 countries infected, of whom 85% live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Preventive chemotherapy remains the key public health strategy to combat schistosomiasis worldwide. Recently the WHO emphasized on the use of integrative approaches in the control and elimination of schistosomiasis. However, a detailed understanding of sociocultural factors that may influence the uptake of the intended health activities and services is vital...
January 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346440/geographical-distribution-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-and-the-effects-of-community-type-in-south-asia-and-south-east-asia-a-systematic-review
#8
Zachary A Silver, Saravanakumar P Kaliappan, Prasanna Samuel, Srinivasan Venugopal, Gagandeep Kang, Rajiv Sarkar, Sitara S R Ajjampur
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are among the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases (NTD) worldwide. Since the publication of the WHO road map to combat NTD in 2012, there has been a renewed commitment to control STH. In this study, we analysed the geographical distribution and effect of community type on prevalence of hookworm, Trichuris and Ascaris in south Asia and south east Asia. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a systematic review of open-access literature published in PubMed Central and the Global Atlas of Helminth Infection...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346067/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-adult-poverty-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-research
#9
Lisa Bunting, Gavin Davidson, Claire McCartan, Jennifer Hanratty, Paul Bywaters, Will Mason, Nicole Steils
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting millions of children and is associated with an array of cumulative negative outcomes later in life, including unemployment and financial difficulties. Although establishing child maltreatment as a causal mechanism for adult economic outcomes is fraught with difficulty, understanding the relationship between the two is essential to reducing such inequality. This paper presents findings from a systematic review of longitudinal research examining experiences of child maltreatment and economic outcomes in adulthood...
January 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346004/universal-lead-screening-requirement-a-california-case-study
#10
Sara B McMenamin, Sarah P Hiller, Erin Shigekawa, Troy Melander, Riti Shimkhada
OBJECTIVES: To estimate potential impacts of California Assembly Bill (AB) 1316: a requirement for universal screening and insurance coverage for child blood lead testing. METHODS: In April 2017 the California Health Benefits Review Program (Oakland, CA) analyzed AB 1316 for the California legislature, including a systematic review of lead screening effectiveness, commercial insurer surveys regarding screening coverage, and actuarial utilization and cost implication assessments...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345027/does-flavoured-dentifrice-increase-fluoride-intake-compared-with-regular-toothpaste-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Thiago Isidro Vieira, Adrielle Mangabeira, Adílis Kalina Alexandria, Daniele Masterson T P Ferreira, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Ana Maria Gondim Valença, Lucianne Cople Maia
BACKGROUND: Toothpaste manufacturers encourage through aggressive marketing strategies the overconsumption of fluoridated dentifrices. There are conflicting results regarding fluoride intake from toothpastes in children. AIM: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether dentifrice flavour increases fluoride ingestion by children. DESIGN: We included clinical trials on children that evaluated the use of flavoured dentifrice - FD vs regular dentifrice - RD to identify the fluoride intake...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344677/is-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-public-health-concern-for-low-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Kevin D Cashman, Tony Sheehy, Colette M O'Neill
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency has been receiving increasing attention as a potential public health concern in low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), of which there are currently 83. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive systematic literature review (SLR) of available data on vitamin D status and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in all 83 LMICs. METHODS: We followed the general methodology for SLRs in the area of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Highest priority was placed on identifying relevant population-based studies, followed by cross-sectional studies, and to a lesser extent case-control studies...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341346/a-systematic-review-and-classification-of-interventions-for-speech-sound-disorder-in-preschool-children
#13
REVIEW
Yvonne Wren, Sam Harding, Juliet Goldbart, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Multiple nterventions have been developed to address speech sound disorder (SSD) in children. Many of these have been evaluated but the evidence for these has not been considered within a model which categorizes types of intervention. The opportunity to carry out a systematic of interventions for SSD arose as part of a larger scale study of interventions for primary speech and language impairment in preschool children. AIMS: To review systematically the evidence for interventions for SSD in preschool children and to categorize them within a classification of interventions for SSD...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339922/effect-of-rhythmic-auditory-cueing-on-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai, Alfred O Effenberg
Auditory entrainment can influence gait performance in movement disorders. The entrainment can incite neurophysiological and musculoskeletal changes to enhance motor execution. However, a consensus as to its effects based on gait in people with cerebral palsy is still warranted. A systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to analyze the effects of rhythmic auditory cueing on spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters of gait in people with cerebral palsy. Systematic identification of published literature was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine guidelines, from inception until July 2017, on online databases: Web of Science, PEDro, EBSCO, Medline, Cochrane, Embase and ProQuest...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338487/acupuncture-treatments-for-infantile-colic-a-systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-blinding-test-validated-randomised-controlled-trials
#15
Holgeir Skjeie, Trygve Skonnord, Mette Brekke, Atle Klovning, Arne Fetveit, Kajsa Landgren, Inger Kristensson Hallström, Kjetil Gundro Brurberg
OBJECTIVE: Needle acupuncture in small children has gained some acceptance in Western medicine. It is controversial, as infants and toddlers are unable to consent to treatment. We aimed to assess its efficacy for treating infantile colic. DESIGN: A systematic review and a blinding-test validation based on individual patient data from randomised controlled trials. Primary end-points were crying time at mid-treatment, at the end of treatment and at a 1-month follow-up...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336728/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-interventions-for-improving-cognitive-performance-and-academic-achievement-in-children-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review
#16
Susan M Pfeiffer, Amanda D Hutchinson
Academic decline has been reported in children after cancer treatment, believed to be as a result of cognitive impairment. Cognitive interventions may improve both the present and future outcomes for children after cancer treatment by improving cognitive and/or academic performance. This review aimed to examine the efficacy of cognitive interventions in children who had received cancer treatment. A systematic search of the PsycInfo and PubMed databases was conducted in May 2015 to identify studies in which cognitive interventions were conducted with children who had undergone cancer treatment and were under the age of 21...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336593/effect-of-vitamin-a-supplementation-on-iron-status-in-humans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Marcela de Sá Barreto da Cunha, Natália Aboudib Campos Hankins, Sandra Fernandes Arruda
Anemia is a worldwide public health problem that can be related to many causes, including vitamin A deficiency. The aim of this study was to assess and estimate the effect of vitamin A supplementation (VAS) on iron status biomarkers and anemia in humans. Six databases, including Cochrane, EMBASE, LILACS, Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science, were searched for clinical trials and cohort studies that investigated the effect of vitamin A supplementation alone on iron status and anemia, without time-restriction. The search yielded 23 eligible studies, 21 clinical trials and 2 cohort studies, with children, teenagers, pregnant or lactating women...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335588/peripheral-iron-levels-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ping-Tao Tseng, Yu-Shian Cheng, Cheng-Fang Yen, Yen-Wen Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Paul Whiteley, Andre F Carvalho, Dian-Jeng Li, Tien-Yu Chen, Wei-Cheng Yang, Chia-Hung Tang, Che-Sheng Chu, Wei-Chieh Yang, Hsin-Yi Liang, Ching-Kuan Wu, Pao-Yen Lin
There is growing recognition that the risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children may be influenced by micronutrient deficiencies, including iron. We conducted this meta-analysis to examine the association between ADHD and iron levels/iron deficiency (ID). We searched for the databases of the PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials.gov up to August 9th, 2017. Primary outcomes were differences in peripheral iron levels in children with ADHD versus healthy controls (HCs) and the severity of ADHD symptoms in children with/without ID (Hedges' g) and the pooled adjusted odds ratio (OR) of the association between ADHD and ID...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335397/pediatric-renal-transplantation-focus-on-current-transition-care-and-proposal-of-the-rise-to-transition-protocol
#19
Rupesh Raina, Joseph Wang, Vinod Krishnappa, Maria Ferris
The transition from pediatric to adult medical services is an important time in the life of an adolescent or young adult with a renal transplant. Failure of proper transition can lead to medical non-adherence and subsequent loss of graft and/or return to dialysis. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and survey to assess the challenges and existing practices in transition of renal transplant recipient children to adult services, and to develop a transition protocol. We conducted a literature review and performed a survey of pediatric nephrologists across the United States to examine the current state of transition care...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334996/italian-guidelines-on-the-assessment-and-management-of-pediatric-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#20
REVIEW
Liviana Da Dalt, Niccolo' Parri, Angela Amigoni, Agostino Nocerino, Francesca Selmin, Renzo Manara, Paola Perretta, Maria Paola Vardeu, Silvia Bressan
OBJECTIVE: We aim to formulate evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians decision-making in the assessment and management of children younger than 16 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) following a blunt head trauma with no suspicion of non-accidental injury. METHODS: These guidelines were commissioned by the Italian Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and include a systematic review and analysis of the literature published since 2005...
January 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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