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Systematic reviews and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214369/diagnostic-accuracy-of-history-physical-exam-laboratory-tests-and-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-pediatric-acute-appendicitis-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Roshanak Benabbas, Mark Hanna, Jay Shah, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical emergency in children. Accurate and timely diagnosis is crucial but challenging due to atypical presentations and the inherent difficulty of obtaining a reliable history and physical examination in younger children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of history, physical exam, laboratory tests, Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) and Emergency Department-Point-of-Care Ultrasound (ED-POCUS) in the diagnosis of AA in ED pediatric patients...
February 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213134/speech-in-noise-perception-in-musicians-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Emily B J Coffey, Nicolette Mogilever, Robert J Zatorre
The ability to understand speech in the presence of competing sound sources is an important neuroscience question in terms of how the nervous system solves this computational problem. It is also a critical clinical problem that disproportionally affects the elderly, children with language-related learning disorders, and those with hearing loss. Recent evidence that musicians have an advantage on this multifaceted skill has led to the suggestion that musical training might be used to improve or delay the decline of speech-in-noise (SIN) function...
February 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212920/neonatal-lupus-follow-up-in-infants-with-anti-ssa-ro-antibodies-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Riccardo Riccardi, Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Gallini, Rita Maria Paola Luciano, Giovanni Alighieri, Costantino Romagnoli, Sara De Carolis
Neonatal Lupus Syndrome (NLS) is a distinct clinical entity caused by transplacental passage of maternal anti-SSA/Ro antibodies (Ab). Mothers may have systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, or other connective tissue disease, or may be completely healthy at the time of giving birth. NLS includes several clinical manifestations: complete congenital heart block (CCHB) and cutaneous lupus are the most common, while hepatobiliary disease, hematological manifestations and central nervous system involvement may occur...
February 14, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212197/screening-children-for-abuse-and-neglect-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Mary Hoft, Lisa Haddad
Child abuse and neglect occur in epidemic numbers in the United States and around the world, resulting in major physical and mental health consequences for abused children in the present and future. A vast amount of information is available on the signs and symptoms and short- and long-term consequences of abuse. A limited number of instruments have been empirically developed to screen for child abuse, with most focused on physical abuse in the context of the emergency department, which have been found to be minimally effective and lacking rigor...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211175/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-visually-or-hearing-impaired-children
#7
Belinda Do, Paige Lynch, Elena-Marie Macris, Brianna Smyth, Stephanie Stavrinakis, Stephen Quinn, Paul A Constable
PURPOSE: To determine whether there is an association with a congenital visual or hearing impairment (VI or HI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using nine relevant databases limited to peer reviewed articles in English between 1994 and January 2016. The search identified 1248 articles after duplicates were removed with subsequent screening of the abstracts excluding a further 1199, resulting in 49 full-text articles that were then independently assessed by five of the authors with a final 15 articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207982/understanding-ethical-issues-of-research-participation-from-the-perspective-of-participating-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#8
Stacey Crane, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: The past 20 years have seen distinct shifts in the way the participation of children and adolescents in research is viewed. This has been emphasized by the growing pediatric research enterprise. Additional information on children's and adolescents' experiences during research participation is needed to better inform researchers on the ethical conduct of research with this vulnerable population. AIMS: The objective of this analysis was to examine ethical issues in research with children and adolescents from their perspective as participants, including: assent, parental consent, risk perception, impact of research participation, and incentives...
February 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207571/systematic-review-of-interventions-to-reduce-psychiatric-morbidity-in-parents-and-children-after-picu-admissions
#9
Samantha C Baker, Julia A Gledhill
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate interventions aimed at reducing psychiatric morbidity in parents and children discharged from PICU. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken, searching EMBASE, PSYCHinfo, MEDLINE, and CINAHL. Experts in the field were contacted to identify unpublished studies. STUDY SELECTION: Exclusion criteria: Studies with participants above age 18 or drawn from a neonatal ICU, studies not in English, and those not measuring psychopathology...
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207498/an-analysis-of-variations-of-indications-and-maternal-fetal-prognosis-for-caesarean-section-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-beijing-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Yajun Liu, Xin Wang, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Weiyuan Zhang
In recent decades, we have observed a remarkable increase in the rate of caesarean section (CS) in both developed and developing countries, especially in China. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) systematic review, if the increase in CS rate was between 10% and 15%, the maternal and neonatal mortality was decreased. However, above this level, increasing the rate of CS is no longer associated with reduced mortality. To date, no consensus has been reached on the main factors driving the cesarean epidemic...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205419/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-late-sequelae-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Peter Scholz-Kreisel, Claudia Spix, Maria Blettner, Susan Eckerle, Jörg Faber, Philipp Wild, Hiltrud Merzenich, Ulrike Hennewig
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are well-known late effects of childhood cancer and research on these late effects is a highly important emerging field. We conducted a systematic review with a meta-analysis to give an overview of the current evidence and the prevalence of late cardiovascular events. PROCEDURE: We included publications in which the study populations were children and adolescents who survived cancer. Outcome was defined as all cardiovascular clinical and subclinical endpoints or diagnoses appearing at least one year after cancer diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196953/prevalence-and-patterns-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#14
Aurel T Tankeu, Jean Joel R Bigna, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Celestin Danwang, Mazou N Temgoua, Jean Jacques N Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are common causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among young children and adolescents living in Africa. Accurate epidemiological data are needed in order to evaluate and improve preventive strategies. This review aims to determine the prevalence of CHD and their main patterns in Africa. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will include cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies of populations residing inside African countries, which have reported the prevalence of CHD, confirmed by an echocardiographic examination and/or describing different patterns of these abnormalities in Africa...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196931/minimally-important-differences-in-patient-or-proxy-reported-outcome-studies-relevant-to-children-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Shanil Ebrahim, Kelsey Vercammen, Arunima Sivanand, Gordon H Guyatt, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Ricardo M Fernandes, Mark W Crawford, Gihad Nesrallah, Bradley C Johnston
CONTEXT: No study has characterized and appraised all anchor-based minimally important differences (MIDs) associated with patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments in pediatric studies. OBJECTIVE: To complete a comprehensive systematic survey and appraisal of published anchor-based MIDs associated with PRO instruments used in children. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO (1989 to February 11, 2015). STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting empirical ascertainment of anchor-based MIDs among PROs used in pediatric care...
February 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195749/restorative-thresholds-for-carious-lesions
#16
N P T Innes, F Schwendicke
Current evidence supports noninvasive/nonrestorative treatment of "early" carious lesions: those confined to enamel or reaching the enamel-dentin junction. The extent that dentists' thresholds for intervening restoratively have changed with this evidence is unknown. This systematic review aimed to determine dentists' and therapists' current lesion threshold for carrying our restorative interventions in adults/children and primary/permanent teeth. Embase, Medline via PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for observational studies, without language, time, or quality restrictions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193715/children-and-motorcycles-a-systematic-review-of-risk-factors-and-interventions
#17
Julie Brown, Lisa Schonstein, Rebecca Ivers, Lisa Keay
OBJECTIVE: To (i) identify person, vehicle and environmental risk factors for injury among children using motorcycles, and (ii) identify and appraise studies of interventions designed to reduce the occurrence or severity of injury among children using these vehicles. METHOD: A systematic approach was used to collate data from published and grey literature globally on risk factors for motorcycles injury, and studies reporting evaluation of interventions to counter this injury...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193305/tongue-lip-adhesion-and-tongue-repositioning-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-pierre-robin-sequence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
M Camacho, M W Noller, S Zaghi, L K Reckley, C Fernandez-Salvador, E Ho, B Dunn, D K Chan
OBJECTIVE: To search for studies on tongue-lip adhesion and tongue repositioning used as isolated treatments for obstructive sleep apnoea in children with Pierre Robin sequence. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed/Medline and three additional databases, from inception through to 8 July 2016, was performed by two authors. RESULTS: Seven studies with 90 patients (59 tongue-lip adhesion and 31 tongue repositioning patients) met the inclusion criteria...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193204/development-of-a-wheelchair-mobility-skills-test-for-children-and-adolescents-combining-evidence-with-clinical-expertise
#19
Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot, Janke Frederike de Groot
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no outcome measure available for the evaluation of WMS in children. Several wheelchair mobility outcome measures have been developed for adults, but none of these have been validated in children. Therefore the objective of this study is to develop a WMS outcome measure for children using the current knowledge from literature in combination with the clinical expertise of health care professionals, children and their parents...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193114/the-relationship-of-exposure-to-anesthesia-on-outcomes-in-children-with-isolated-oral-clefts
#20
Amy L Conrad, Jon W Goodwin, James Choi, Robert I Block, Peg Nopoulos
This study evaluated the relationship between exposure to anesthesia and previously identified differences in cognitive functioning, growth, and volumetric brain measures among a sample of children, adolescents, and young adults with isolated oral clefts. Data from a cross-sectional study were combined with a retrospective chart review. Data were obtained for 87 participants with isolated cleft lip and/or palate (55% male), ranging from 7.5 to 27 years old (mean = 15.78, standard deviation = 4.58). Measures of interest included cognitive functioning, growth measures, and brain volumes...
March 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
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