Read by QxMD icon Read

AKI, Acute kidney injury, RIFLE, AKIN, KDIGO, DIALYSIS

John Mellas
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious condition encountered in hospitalized patients. The severity of kidney injury is defined by the RIFLE, AKIN, and KDIGO criteria which attempt to establish the degree of renal impairment. The KDIGO guidelines state that the creatinine clearance should be measured whenever possible in AKI and that the serum creatinine concentration and creatinine clearance remain the best clinical indicators of renal function. Neither the RIFLE, AKIN, nor KDIGO criteria estimate actual creatinine clearance...
May 2016: Mathematical Biosciences
Dimitrios Tziakas, Georgios Chalikias, Dimitra Kareli, Christina Tsigalou, Ali Risgits, Petros Kikas, Dimitrios Makrygiannis, Sofia Chatzikyriakou, Georgia Kampouromiti, David Symeonidis, Vassilis Voudris, Stavros Konstantinides
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and is associated with in-hospital and long-term morbidity and mortality. We prospectively assessed the diagnostic performance of spot urine albumin to creatinine ratio (uACR) in an adequately sized multicenter cohort of patients admitted to hospital with AMI. We further compared uACR to novel renal injury associated biomarkers regarding their diagnostic ability...
October 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
S Romagnoli, Z Ricci
Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents 18-47% of all causes of hospital-acquired AKI and it is associated with a high incidence of morbidity and mortality especially in patients requiring dialysis. Only recently, with the application of new AKI classifications and guidelines (RIFLE, AKIN and KDIGO), a more accurate evaluation of the real incidence of kidney dysfunction in patients undergoing surgery has been detailed. In patients undergoing non-cardiac, non-vascular and non-thoracic surgery several independent preoperative and intraoperative predictors of AKI have been identified...
June 2015: Minerva Anestesiologica
Xiaoxi Zeng, Gearoid M McMahon, Steven M Brunelli, David W Bates, Sushrut S Waikar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: At least four definitions of AKI have recently been proposed. This study sought to characterize the epidemiology of AKI according to the most recent consensus definition proposed by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Work Group, and to compare it with three other definitions. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 31,970 hospitalizations at an academic medical center in 2010...
January 2014: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Norbert Lameire
INTRODUCTION: It is now evident that even minimal reductions in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are associated with a dramatic increase in mortality. The term acute kidney injury (AKI) describes an acute fall of estimated GFR (eGFR) and allows patient stratification based on AKI severity. REVIEW: The Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) system defines AKI by a change in serum creatinine (SCr) level or eGFR from a baseline value, and urine output per kilogram of body weight over a specified time period...
September 2013: Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation
Andrew K Roy, Catherine Mc Gorrian, Cecelia Treacy, Edel Kavanaugh, Alice Brennan, Niall G Mahon, Patrick T Murray
AIMS: To determine if newer criteria for diagnosing and staging acute kidney injury (AKI) during heart failure (HF) admission are more predictive of clinical outcomes at 30 days and 1 year than the traditional worsening renal function (WRF) definition. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected clinical data on 637 HF admissions with 30-day and 1-year follow-up. The incidence, stages, and outcomes of AKI were determined using the following four definitions: KDIGO, RIFLE, AKIN, and WRF (serum creatinine rise ≥0...
April 2013: Cardiorenal Medicine
Márcio Campos Sampaio, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves Máximo, Carolina Moreira Montenegro, Diandro Marinho Mota, Tatiana Rocha Fernandes, Antonio Carlos Mugayar Bianco, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Cordeiro
BACKGROUND: There is considerable controversy regarding the diagnosis of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), and there are over 30 different definitions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors for the development of AKI following cardiac surgery according to the RIFLE, AKIN and KDIGO criteria, and compare the prognostic power of these criteria. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that included 321 consecutively patients (median age 62 [53-71] years; 140 men) undergoing cardiac surgery between June 2011 and January 2012...
July 2013: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Claudio Ronco, Mauro Maioli, Vito Lorusso, Dinna N Cruz, Fulvio Stacul
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has undergone a significant evolution over the years in terms of epidemiology and diagnostic criteria. At present it is defined as CI-AKI (contrast-induced acute kidney injury) and represents a pathologically relevant event for different disciplines. Thus, a multidisciplinary approach is needed to propose and deploy a common strategy to reduce the incidence of CI-AKI. It seems that the use of isoosmolar non-ionic contrast media such as iodixanol can reduce the nephrotoxic effects...
March 2012: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"