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Baseball and hip and injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738598/epidemiology-workload-and-performance-of-major-league-baseball-pitchers-placed-on-the-disabled-list
#1
Nathan E Marshall, Toufic R Jildeh, Kelechi R Okoroha, Ankur Patel, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric C Makhni
There is limited information on the effect of pitcher workload, pitch type, and performance of Major League Baseball pitchers placed on the disabled list (DL). This study evaluated demographic, performance, workload, and injury data of 330 Major League Baseball pitchers with 454 injuries who were placed on the DL during the 2014 and 2015 seasons. Upper extremity, lower extremity, core, hip/groin, and other injuries were analyzed, and injury year data were compared with career data as well as against other injury groups...
May 8, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629813/summative-report-on-time-out-of-play-for-major-and-minor-league-baseball-an-analysis-of-49-955-injuries-from-2011-through-2016
#2
Christopher L Camp, Joshua S Dines, Jelle P van der List, Stan Conte, Justin Conway, David W Altchek, Struan H Coleman, Andrew D Pearle
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiologic reports have demonstrated rising injury rates in Major League Baseball (MLB) and Minor League Baseball (MiLB). Although several studies have recently been published on specific injuries, the majority of injuries have not yet been formally studied. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to (1) generate a summative analysis of all injuries that occur in MLB and MiLB, (2) identify the 50 most common injuries, and (3) generate focused reports and fact sheets on the characteristics of each of those diagnoses...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543598/decreased-hip-internal-rotation-increases-the-risk-of-back-and-abdominal-muscle-injuries-in-professional-baseball-players-analysis-of-258-player-seasons
#3
Christopher L Camp, Andrea M Spiker, John M Zajac, Dave Pearson, Alec M Sinatro, Joshua S Dines, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman
INTRODUCTION: The relationship of hip range of motion (ROM) to shoulder, elbow, abdominal, and back injuries remains undefined. METHODS: We assessed hip ROM on players reporting to Major League Spring Training for an organization over six seasons (2010 to 2015). Hip ROM was correlated with player abdominal, back, shoulder, and elbow injury status for those seasons using multivariate binomial logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 258 player-seasons (129 pitchers and 129 position players) resulted in 20 back and 35 abdominal injuries across all players and 28 elbow and 25 shoulder injuries in pitchers...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435468/the-impact-of-workload-on-the-evolution-of-hip-internal-and-external-rotation-in-professional-baseball-players-over-the-course-of-the-season
#4
Christopher L Camp, John M Zajac, Dave Pearson, Dean Wang, Alec S Sinatro, Anil S Ranawat, Joshua S Dines, Struan H Coleman
Background: Although restricted hip range of motion (ROM) is associated with an increased risk for injuries in baseball players, the evolution of hip ROM over the season remains undefined. Hypothesis: Hip ROM profiles would be symmetric between hips and positions (pitchers vs position players) but would decrease from preseason to postseason. Additionally, it was hypothesized that this decrease in motion would correlate with workload. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330669/hip-and-groin-injuries-in-baseball-players
#5
REVIEW
Ryan A Mlynarek, Struan H Coleman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the clinical significance of the most common hip and groin injuries in baseball players, as well as an algorithmic approach to diagnosis and treatment of these injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: (a) Limitations in throwing velocity, pitch control, and bat swing speed may be secondary to decreased mobility and strength within the proximal kinetic chain, which must harness power from the lower extremities and core. (b) Approximately 5.5% of all baseball injuries per year involve the hip/groin and may lead to a significant amount of time spent on the disabled list...
March 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283678/pitch-volume-and-glenohumeral-and-hip-motion-and-strength-in-youth-baseball-pitchers
#6
Josie L Harding, Kelsey J Picha, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
CONTEXT:   Increased pitch volume and altered glenohumeral (GH) and hip range of motion (ROM) and strength contribute to injury risk in baseball pitchers. Although these factors affect one another, whether they are related is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To examine relationships among cumulative and seasonal pitch volume, ROM, and strength of the GH and hip joints in youth baseball pitchers. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Baseball practice facilities...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225021/implications-of-core-and-hip-injuries-on-major-league-baseball-pitchers-on-the-disabled-list
#7
Nathan E Marshall, Toufic R Jildeh, Kelechi R Okoroha, Ankur Patel, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric C Makhni
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of core and hip injuries in Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers and their impact on performance, workload, and pitch type. METHODS: Demographic, performance data, and injury data were acquired for 330 MLB pitchers with 454 injuries placed on the disabled list (DL) from 2014 to 2015 seasons. Core and hip/groin injuries were analyzed in which injury year data were compared with career data and against other injury groups. RESULTS: Core injuries represented 14% of all injuries and hip/groin injuries represented 7%...
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162768/coexistence-of-trunk-or-lower-extremity-pain-with-elbow-and-or-shoulder-pain-among-young-overhead-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Takuya Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Yutaka Yabe, Shinichiro Yoshida, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Elbow or shoulder injuries are common in overhead sports. Because energy derived from the lower extremity passes through the trunk to the upper extremity in overhead motion, a break in such a kinetic chain could lead to arm injuries. However, there is only limited information about the role of the trunk and lower extremity support in preventing elbow or shoulder injuries. This study aimed to explore the association of trunk and lower extremity pain with elbow/shoulder pain among young overhead athletes. We conducted a cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires mailed to young athletes belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association...
November 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095655/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-medial-elbow-injuries-in-youth-baseball-players
#9
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Tatsuhiro Suzuki, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball players are at high risk for elbow injuries, which can lead to future functional disability. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention program to lower the risk of medial elbow injury in these athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Youth baseball players, 8 to 11 years old, without a history of elbow and shoulder pain, were allocated to either the intervention (n = 136) or control (n = 169) group...
February 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532867/ultrasound-study-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-changes-in-collegiate-baseball-players-a-pilot-study
#10
Johnathan Erb, Heather Sherman, Sydney Williard, Julien Bui, Aimie Kachingwe
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in elbow ulnar collateral ligament length in college baseball pitchers over the course of a single season. DESIGN: Cohort Feasibility Study. METHODS: Diagnostic ultrasound was used to assess both the dominant and non-dominant medial elbow joint space in four pitchers and five fielders and compared to in-game pitching data. Shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle range of motion measurements were also taken...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504915/prevalence-of-os-styloideum-in-national-hockey-league-players
#11
Harry G Greditzer, Ian D Hutchinson, Christian S Geannette, Robert N Hotchkiss, Bryan T Kelly, Hollis G Potter
BACKGROUND: Os styloideum describes an accessory carpal ossicle between the trapezoid, the capitate, and the second and third metacarpals. Injuries to this tissue have been described as part of the carpal boss syndrome. While the etiology of os styloideum remains uncertain, it may represent a physiologic response to altered loading forces in the wrist, similar to the development of cam-type deformity in the hips of ice hockey players or the Bennett lesion in the shoulders of baseball pitchers...
September 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358221/descriptive-epidemiology-of-non-time-loss-injuries-in-collegiate-and-high-school-student-athletes
#12
Zachary Y Kerr, Robert C Lynall, Karen G Roos, Sara L Dalton, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Research on non-time-loss (NTL) injuries, which result in less than 24 hours of restriction from participation, is limited. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of NTL injuries among collegiate and high school student-athletes. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from a convenience sample of National College Athletic Association varsity teams and 147 high schools in 26 states...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157450/changes-in-lower-extremity-kinematics-and-temporal-parameters-of-adolescent-baseball-pitchers-during-an-extended-pitching-bout
#13
Stacey M Kung, Sarah P Shultz, Andreas Kontaxis, Andrew P Kraszewski, Mandi W Gibbons, Sherry I Backus, Philip W Fink, Stephen Fealy, Howard J Hillstrom
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated detailed 3-dimensional lower extremity kinematics during baseball pitching in adolescent athletes during extended play. Changes in these parameters may affect performance outcomes. PURPOSE: To investigate whether adolescent baseball pitchers experience changes in lower extremity kinematics and event timing during a simulated game-length pitching bout. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Twelve male adolescent pitchers (aged 14-16 years) threw 6 sets of 15 fastball pitches from an artificial pitching mound to a target at regulation distance...
April 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713579/differences-in-hip-range-of-motion-among-collegiate-pitchers-when-compared-to-youth-and-professional-baseball-pitcher-data
#14
Scott W Cheatham, Kathryn Kumagai Shimamura, Morey J Kolber
The purpose of this study was to measure passive hip internal (IR) and external rotation (ER) range of motion (ROM) in collegiate baseball pitchers and compare to published youth and professional values. Measures were taken on the bilateral hips of 29 participants (mean age 20.0±1.4, range 18-22 years). Results identified no significant differences between the stance and stride hip in collegiate right handed pitchers for IR (p= 0.22, ES 0.23) and ER (p=.08, ES= 0.25). There was no significant difference in left handed pitchers for IR (p= 0...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604190/physical-risk-factors-for-a-medial-elbow-injury-in-junior-baseball-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-353-players
#15
Jun Sakata, Emi Nakamura, Makoto Suzukawa, Atsushi Akaike, Kuniaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The physical risk factors for a medial elbow injury in junior baseball players are unknown. PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors for an initial medial elbow injury in junior baseball players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Junior baseball players (aged 6-12 years) without a history of elbow pain underwent a clinical assessment, ultrasonography, and physical function measurements before the baseball season started...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991571/the-epidemiology-of-hip-and-groin-injuries-in-professional-baseball-players
#16
Struan H Coleman, Stephanie W Mayer, Jared J Tyson, Keshia M Pollack, Frank C Curriero
Injuries of the hip and groin among professional baseball players can result in a significant number of disabled list days. The epidemiology of these injuries has not been delineated. The purpose of this study is to describe the incidence, mechanism, type, and rehabilitation course of hip and groin injuries among Major League Baseball (MLB) and Minor League Baseball (MiLB) players. The MLB injury database for hip and groin injuries from 2011-2014 was analyzed. Occurrence of injuries was assessed based on level of play, field location, activity during which the injury occurred, mechanism of injury, and days missed...
March 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991566/epidemiology-treatment-and-prevention-of-lumbar-spine-injuries-in-major-league-baseball-players
#17
REVIEW
Christopher L Camp, Matthew S Conti, Terrance Sgroi, Frank P Cammisa, Joshua S Dines
In recent years, increased attention has been paid to injuries occurring in Major League Baseball (MLB) players. Although most of the current orthopedic literature regarding baseball injuries pertains to the shoulder and elbow, lumbar spine injuries are another common reason for time out of play. Back and core injuries may represent as many as 12% of all injuries that result in time out of play from MLB. This high rate of injury is likely related to the critical role that the spine plays in every major baseball-related movement...
March 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952088/the-impact-of-fatigue-on-baseball-pitching-mechanics-in-adolescent-male-pitchers
#18
Brandon J Erickson, Terrance Sgori, Peter N Chalmers, Patrick Vignona, Matthew Lesniak, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Nikhil N Verma, Anthony A Romeo
PURPOSE: To determine if shoulder and elbow kinematics, pitching velocity and accuracy, and pain change during a simulated baseball game in adolescent pitchers. METHODS: Adolescent male pitchers aged 13 to 16 years were included. Pitchers were excluded if they had undergone previous shoulder or elbow surgery, currently had a known shoulder or elbow injury, or were unable to complete the simulated game for any reason. Shoulder range of motion was assessed before and after the game...
May 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26793294/evaluation-of-hip-internal-and-external-rotation-range-of-motion-as-an-injury-risk-factor-for-hip-abdominal-and-groin-injuries-in-professional-baseball-players
#19
Xinning Li, Richard Ma, Hanbing Zhou, Matthew Thompson, Courtney Dawson, Joseph Nguyen, Struan Coleman
Normal hip range of motion (ROM) is essential in running and transfer of energy from lower to upper extremities during overhead throwing. Dysfunctional hip ROM may alter lower extremity kinematics and predispose athletes to hip and groin injuries. The purpose of this study is characterize hip internal/external ROM (Arc) and its effect on the risk of hip, hamstring, and groin injuries in professional baseball players. Bilateral hip internal and external ROM was measured on all baseball players (N=201) in one professional organization (major and minor league) during spring training...
December 28, 2015: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535338/the-impact-of-fatigue-on-the-kinematics-of-collegiate-baseball-pitchers
#20
W Jeffrey Grantham, Ian R Byram, Molly C Meadows, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Many factors are believed to contribute to throwing injuries in baseball pitchers, in particular overuse and poor throwing mechanics. The impact of fatigue on pitching biomechanics in live-game situations is not well understood. HYPOTHESIS: Pitchers will demonstrate significant deviation in their pitching motions with increasing levels of fatigue. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Eleven National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate baseball pitchers were filmed in multiple live-game situations throughout a single season using 2 orthogonal high-speed cameras at 120 Hz...
June 2014: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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