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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334292/the-synergistic-effects-of-almond-protection-fungicides-on-honey-bee-hymenoptera-apidae-forager-survival
#1
Adrian Fisher, Chet Coleman, Clint Hoffmann, Brad Fritz, Juliana Rangel
The honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) contributes ∼$17 billion annually to the United States economy, primarily by pollinating major agricultural crops including almond, which is completely dependent on honey bee pollination for nut set. Almond growers face constant challenges to crop productivity owing to pests and pathogens, which are often controlled with a multitude of agrochemicals. For example, fungicides are often applied in combination with other products to control fungal pathogens during almond bloom...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334283/the-microbiology-of-oil-sands-tailings-past-present-future
#2
Julia M Foght, Lisa M Gieg, Tariq Siddique
Surface mining of enormous oil sands deposits in northeastern Alberta, Canada since 1967 has contributed greatly to Canada's economy but has also received negative international attention due largely to environmental concerns and challenges. Not only have microbes profoundly affected the composition and behaviour of this petroleum resource over geological time, they currently influence the management of semi-solid tailings in oil sands tailing ponds (OSTP) and tailings reclamation. Historically, microbial impacts on OSTP were generally discounted but next-generation sequencing and biogeochemical studies have revealed unexpectedly diverse indigenous communities and expanded our fundamental understanding of anaerobic microbial functions...
March 9, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334031/forecasted-economic-change-and-the-self-fulfilling-prophecy-in-economic-decision-making
#3
Diamantis Petropoulos Petalas, Hein van Schie, Paul Hendriks Vettehen
This study addresses the self-fulfilling prophecy effect, in the domain of economic decision-making. We present experimental data in support of the hypothesis that speculative forecasts of economic change can impact individuals' economic decision behavior, prior to any realized changes. In a within-subjects experiment, participants (N = 40) played 180 trials in a Balloon Analogue Risk Talk (BART) in which they could make actual profit. Simple messages about possible (positive and negative) changes in outcome probabilities of future trials had significant effects on measures of risk taking (number of inflations) and actual profits in the game...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332461/global-public-goods-for-health-weaknesses-and-opportunities-in-the-global-health-system
#4
Suerie Moon, John-Arne Røttingen, Julio Frenk
Since at least the 1990s, there has been growing recognition that societies need global public goods (GPGs) in order to protect and promote public health. While the term GPG is sometimes used loosely to denote that which is 'good' for the global public, we restrict our use of the term to its technical definition (goods that are non-excludable and non-rival in consumption) for its useful analytical clarity. Examples of important GPGs for health include standards and guidelines, research on the causes and treatment of disease, and comparative evidence and analysis...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332460/framing-the-tax-and-health-nexus-a-neglected-aspect-of-public-health-concern
#5
David Mccoy, Simukai Chigudu, Taavi Tillmann
Previous studies have described various associations between tax policy and health. Here we propose a unifying conceptual framework of 'Five R's' to stimulate awareness about the importance of tax to health improvement. First, tax can improve representation and democratic accountability, and help make governments more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Second, tax can create a revenue stream for a universal pool of public finance for health care and other public services. Third, progressive taxation when combined with appropriate public spending can help redistribute wealth and income and mitigate social and health inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331543/experimental-recreation-of-the-evolution-of-lignin-degrading-enzymes-from-the-jurassic-to-date
#6
Iván Ayuso-Fernández, Angel T Martínez, Francisco J Ruiz-Dueñas
BACKGROUND: Floudas et al. (Science 336: 1715) established that lignin-degrading fungi appeared at the end of Carboniferous period associated with the production of the first ligninolytic peroxidases. Here, the subsequent evolution of these enzymes in Polyporales, where most wood-rotting fungi are included, is experimentally recreated using genomic information. RESULTS: With this purpose, we analyzed the evolutionary pathway leading to the most efficient lignin-degrading peroxidases characterizing Polyporales species...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330553/physiological-and-molecular-insights-into-the-high-salinity-tolerance-of-pongamia-pinnata-l-pierre-a-potential-biofuel-tree-species
#7
Sureshbabu Marriboina, Debashree Sengupta, Sumit Kumar, Attipalli R Reddy
Soil salinity is gradually becoming a threat to the global economy by affecting agricultural productivity worldwide. Here, we analyze the salinity tolerance of Pongamia pinnata with an insight into the underlying physiological and molecular responses. Despite a reduction in net photosynthetic rate, P. pinnata efficiently maintained its leaf water potentials even at 500mM NaCl for 15days and displayed no visible stress symptoms. Na(+) localization analysis using CoroNa-Green AM revealed effective Na(+) sequestration in the roots when compared to leaves...
May 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330215/bioremediation-of-high-strength-agricultural-wastewater-using-ochrobactrum-sp-strain-sz1
#8
Chin Hong Neoh, Chi Yong Lam, Suriati Mat Ghani, Ismail Ware, Siti Hajar Mat Sarip, Zaharah Ibrahim
The biggest agricultural sector that contributes to the Malaysian economy is the oil palm industry. The effluent generated during the production of crude palm oil known as palm oil mill effluent (POME). POME undergoes anaerobic treatment that requires long retention time and produces large amount of methane that consequently contributes to global warming. In this study, an isolated bacteria was selected based on its ability to degrade kraft lignin (KL) and identified as Ochrobactrum sp. The bacteria were able to treat POME (from anaerobic pond) under the aerobic condition without addition of nutrient, resulting in a significant chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of 71 %, removal rate of 1385 mg/l/day, and 12...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326185/dna-informed-breeding-of-rosaceous-crops-promises-progress-and-prospects
#9
REVIEW
Cameron P Peace
Crops of the Rosaceae family provide valuable contributions to rural economies and human health and enjoyment. Sustained solutions to production challenges and market demands can be met with genetically improved new cultivars. Traditional rosaceous crop breeding is expensive and time-consuming and would benefit from improvements in efficiency and accuracy. Use of DNA information is becoming conventional in rosaceous crop breeding, contributing to many decisions and operations, but only after past decades of solved challenges and generation of sufficient resources...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325245/south-east-asia-differing-socioeconomic-factors-differing-access-to-radiotherapy-the-philippines-a-microcosm
#10
REVIEW
Miriam Joy C Calaguas, Johannes A Gubat
The accessibility of radiotherapy in Southeast Asia, a region characterized by diversity in both economy and culture, differ widely among its member countries. In most countries, access is not universal and is generally limited by radiotherapy resources and the health-seeking behavior of patients. This in turn relates to the current health policy in place, the practice of radiation oncology, and cultural factors such as religion and family dynamics. Although it is clear that radiotherapy access parallel economic development, it is also affected by different social factors that work to facilitate or impede its improvement...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325241/radiation-oncology-in-the-developing-economies-of-central-and-eastern-europe
#11
REVIEW
Natia Esiashvili
Eastern Europe is represented by 22 countries of significant variability in population density and degree of economic development. They have been affected by past geopolitical isolation due to their association with the "Soviet Block." Currently, all Eastern European countries except Slovenia are low- or middle-income level and 10 of them are part of European Union. Health care systems in Central and Eastern Europe have been influenced by the legacy of centralized soviet-era governance; however, most countries, particularly in European Union zone, have gone through health care reforms directed toward modernizing infrastructure and staffing...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320621/global-reverse-supply-chain-design-for-solid-waste-recycling-under-uncertainties-and-carbon-emission-constraint
#12
Zhitao Xu, Adel Elomri, Shaligram Pokharel, Qin Zhang, X G Ming, Wenjie Liu
The emergence of concerns over environmental protection, resource conservation as well as the development of logistics operations and manufacturing technology has led several countries to implement formal collection and recycling systems of solid waste. Such recycling system has the benefits of reducing environmental pollution, boosting the economy by creating new jobs, and generating income from trading the recyclable materials. This leads to the formation of a global reverse supply chain (GRSC) of solid waste...
March 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320044/multiple-concomitant-oral-cavity-cancers-incidence-management-and-outcomes
#13
Huang-Kai Kao, Mohamed Abdelrahman, Yenlin Huang, Chia-Hsuan Tsai, Megias J Barrera, Ngan-Ming Tsang, Adam J Couves, Ming-Huei Cheng, Kai-Ping Chang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the appropriate treatment and long-term survival of patients with multiple concomitant oral cavity cancers (MOC). The aim of this study was to clarify the clinicopathological features of MOC, to compare the prognosis of MOC patients with that of patients with single oral cavity cancers (SOC), and to describe reconstructive options based on the concept of economy in autologous tissue transfer. METHODS: Data from 603 patients diagnosed with at least one squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity who underwent surgery for primary oral cavity cancers between 2006 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively to identify MOC patients...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319704/assessing-the-drivers-shaping-global-patterns-of-urban-vegetation-landscape-structure
#14
C Dobbs, C Nitschke, D Kendal
Vegetation is one of the main resources involve in ecosystem functioning and providing ecosystem services in urban areas. Little is known on the landscape structure patterns of vegetation existing in urban areas at the global scale and the drivers of these patterns. We studied the landscape structure of one hundred cities around the globe, and their relation to demography (population), socioeconomic factors (GDP, Gini Index), climate factors (temperature and rain) and topographic characteristics (altitude, variation in altitude)...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319050/extracellular-matrix-proteomics-identifies-molecular-signature-of-symptomatic-carotid-plaques
#15
Sarah R Langley, Karin Willeit, Athanasios Didangelos, Ljubica Perisic Matic, Philipp Skroblin, Javier Barallobre-Barreiro, Mariette Lengquist, Gregor Rungger, Alexander Kapustin, Ludmilla Kedenko, Chris Molenaar, Ruifang Lu, Temo Barwari, Gonca Suna, Xiaoke Yin, Bernhard Iglseder, Bernhard Paulweber, Peter Willeit, Joseph Shalhoub, Gerard Pasterkamp, Alun H Davies, Claudia Monaco, Ulf Hedin, Catherine M Shanahan, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Manuel Mayr
BACKGROUND: The identification of patients with high-risk atherosclerotic plaques prior to the manifestation of clinical events remains challenging. Recent findings question histology- and imaging-based definitions of the "vulnerable plaque," necessitating an improved approach for predicting onset of symptoms. METHODS: We performed a proteomics comparison of the vascular extracellular matrix and associated molecules in human carotid endarterectomy specimens from 6 symptomatic versus 6 asymptomatic patients to identify a protein signature for high-risk atherosclerotic plaques...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318273/metal-free-multicomponent-tandem-polymerizations-of-alkynes-amines-and-formaldehyde-toward-structure-and-sequence-controlled-luminescent-polyheterocycles
#16
Bo Wei, Weizhang Li, Zujin Zhao, Anjun Qin, Rongrong Hu, Ben Zhong Tang
Sequence-controlled polymers, including biopolymers such as DNA, RNA and proteins, have attracted much attention recently because of their sequence-dependent functionalities. The development of efficient synthetic approach for non-natural sequence-controlled polymers are hence of great importance. Multicomponent polymerizations (MCPs) as a powerful and popular synthetic approach for functional polymers with great structural diversity have been demonstrated to be a promising tool for the synthesis of sequence-controlled polymers...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316833/developmental-idealism-in-china
#17
Arland Thornton, Yu Xie
This paper examines the intersection of developmental idealism with China. It discusses how developmental idealism has been widely disseminated within China and has had enormous effects on public policy and programs, on social institutions, and on the lives of individuals and their families. This dissemination of developmental idealism to China began in the 19(th) century, when China met with several military defeats that led many in the country to question the place of China in the world. By the beginning of the 20(th) century, substantial numbers of Chinese had reacted to the country's defeats by exploring developmental idealism as a route to independence, international respect, and prosperity...
October 2016: Chinese Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315040/hiv-stigma-gay-identity-and-caste-untouchability-metaphors-of-abjection-in-my-brother%C3%A2-nikhil-the-boyfriend-and-gandu-bagicha
#18
Shamira A Meghani
In this article I read textual metaphors of 'untouchability' in 'post-AIDS' representation as an erasure of structures that condition HIV stigmatization in India. Throughout, my discussion is contextualised by the political economy of HIV and AIDS, which has been productive of particular modern sexual subjects. In the film My Brother…Nikhil, the stigmatization of Nikhil, a gay Indian man living with HIV, is constituted through visual and verbal caste metaphors, which draw on existing subject positions that are elided as 'traditional', residual, and receding...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314980/ex-post-assessment-of-genetically-modified-low-level-presence-in-canadian-flax
#19
Helen M Booker, Eric G Lamb, Stuart J Smyth
Canada is the world's largest producer and exporter of flaxseed. In 2009, DNA from deregistered genetically modified (GM) CDC Triffid was detected in a shipment of Canadian flaxseed exported to Europe, causing a large decrease in the amount of flax planted in Canada and a major shift in export markets. The flax industry in Canada undertook major changes to ensure the removal of transgenic flax from the supply chain. To demonstrate compliance, Canada adopted a protocol involving testing grain samples (post-harvest) using an RT-PCR test for the construct found in CDC Triffid...
March 17, 2017: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314153/sewage-sludge-disposal-strategies-for-sustainable-development
#20
Małgorzata Kacprzak, Ewa Neczaj, Krzysztof Fijałkowski, Anna Grobelak, Anna Grosser, Małgorzata Worwag, Agnieszka Rorat, Helge Brattebo, Åsgeir Almås, Bal Ram Singh
The main objective of the present review is to compare the existing sewage sludge management solutions in terms of their environmental sustainability. The most commonly used strategies, that include treatment and disposal has been favored within the present state-of-art, considering existing legislation (at European and national level), characterization, ecotoxicology, waste management and actual routs used currently in particular European countries. Selected decision making tools, namely End-of-waste criteria and Life Cycle Assessment has been proposed in order to appropriately assess the possible environmental, economic and technical evaluation of different systems...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Research
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