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Hormetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333578/hormetic-heat-shock-and-hsf-1-overexpression-improve-c-elegans-survival-by-inducing-autophagy
#1
Caroline Kumsta, Malene Hansen
The cellular recycling process of macroautophagy/autophagy is an essential homeostatic system induced by various stresses, but it remains unclear how autophagy contributes to organismal stress resistance. In a recent study, we report that a mild and physiologically beneficial ("hormetic") heat shock as well as overexpression of the heat-shock responsive transcription factor HSF-1 systemically increases autophagy in C. elegans. Accordingly, we found HSF-1- and heat stress-inducible autophagy to be required for C...
March 23, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319746/predicting-biphasic-responses-in-binary-mixtures-pelargonic-acid-versus-glyphosate
#2
Regina G Belz, Hans-Peter Piepho
Predicting hormesis in mixtures is challenging, but essential considering that chemical exposures often occur in mixtures and at low doses. This study investigated mixture effects with two herbicides prone to induce hormesis and to interact, namely pelargonic acid versus glyphosate. Five independent mixture experiments were conducted in vitro to assess effects on root growth of lettuce. Mixture effects on the dose were analyzed using classical joint-action models in terms of deviation from the reference model of concentration addition...
March 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318788/hormesis-commonly-observed-in-the-assessment-of-aneuploidy-in-yeast
#3
REVIEW
Edward J Calabrese
Extensive dose response studies have assessed the potential of toxic chemical agents to induce aneuploidy in the yeast model. An assessment of such findings revealed that hormetic-like biphasic dose responses were commonly observed. A preliminary estimate of the frequency of the hormetic responses using a priori entry and evaluative criteria was approximately 65-80%.
March 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287626/using-delaunay-triangulation-and-voronoi-tessellation-to-predict-the-toxicities-of-binary-mixtures-containing-hormetic-compound
#4
Rui Qu, Shu-Shen Liu, Qiao-Feng Zheng, Tong Li
Concentration addition (CA) was proposed as a reasonable default approach for the ecological risk assessment of chemical mixtures. However, CA cannot predict the toxicity of mixture at some effect zones if not all components have definite effective concentrations at the given effect, such as some compounds induce hormesis. In this paper, we developed a new method for the toxicity prediction of various types of binary mixtures, an interpolation method based on the Delaunay triangulation (DT) and Voronoi tessellation (VT) as well as the training set of direct equipartition ray design (EquRay) mixtures, simply IDVequ...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278681/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-indirect-antioxidant-activity-of-sulforaphane-in-redox-imbalance-vanadium-induced
#5
Giuseppa Visalli, Alessio Facciolà, Maria Paola Bertuccio, Isa Picerno, Angela Di Pietro
Owing to sulforaphane presence, a dietary consumption of Brassicaceae prevents chronic diseases. This hormetic compound induces adaptive stress response at subtoxic doses, while doses that exceed the cellular defence are toxic. In HepG2, Caco-2 and Vero cells, we investigated the sulforaphane (SFN) (5 μM) role in counteracting redox imbalance induced by VOSO4 [V(IV)]. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) test showed a dose-dependent viability reduction (r < -0.95; p < 0...
February 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238722/hormetic-modulation-of-hepatic-insulin-sensitivity-by-advanced-glycation-end-products
#6
Nelly T Fabre, Karina Thieme, Karolline S Silva, Sérgio Catanozi, Ana Mercedes Cavaleiro, Danilo A C Pinto, Maristela M Okamoto, Mychel Raony P T Morais, Bárbara Falquetto, Telma M Zorn, Ubiratan F Machado, Marisa Passarelli, Maria Lúcia Correa-Giannella
Because of the paucity of information regarding metabolic effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on liver, we evaluated effects of AGEs chronic administration in (1) insulin sensitivity; (2) hepatic expression of genes involved in AGEs, glucose and fat metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation and; (3) hepatic morphology and glycogen content. Rats received intraperitoneally albumin modified (AlbAGE) or not by advanced glycation for 12 weeks. AlbAGE induced whole-body insulin resistance concomitantly with increased hepatic insulin sensitivity, evidenced by activation of AKT, inactivation of GSK3, increased hepatic glycogen content, and decreased expression of gluconeogenesis genes...
February 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226195/global-transcriptional-response-of-human-liver-cells-to-ethanol-stress-of-different-strength-reveals-hormetic-behavior
#7
Wolfgang Schmidt-Heck, Eva C Wönne, Thomas Hiller, Uwe Menzel, Dirk Koczan, Georg Damm, Daniel Seehofer, Fanny Knöspel, Nora Freyer, Reinhard Guthke, Steven Dooley, Katrin Zeilinger
BACKGROUND: The liver is the major site for alcohol metabolism in the body and therefore, the primary target organ for ethanol-induced toxicity. In this study, we investigated the in vitro response of human liver cells to different ethanol concentrations in a perfused bioartificial liver device that mimics the complex architecture of the natural organ. METHODS: Primary human liver cells were cultured in the bioartificial liver device and treated for 24 hours with medium containing 150 mM (low), 300 mM (medium) or 600 mM (high) ethanol, while a control culture was kept untreated...
February 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198373/hormetic-heat-stress-and-hsf-1-induce-autophagy-to-improve-survival-and-proteostasis-in-c-elegans
#8
Caroline Kumsta, Jessica T Chang, Jessica Schmalz, Malene Hansen
Stress-response pathways have evolved to maintain cellular homeostasis and to ensure the survival of organisms under changing environmental conditions. Whereas severe stress is detrimental, mild stress can be beneficial for health and survival, known as hormesis. Although the universally conserved heat-shock response regulated by transcription factor HSF-1 has been implicated as an effector mechanism, the role and possible interplay with other cellular processes, such as autophagy, remains poorly understood...
February 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185019/biological-ageing-and-clinical-consequences-of-modern-technology
#9
Marios Kyriazis
The pace of technology is steadily increasing, and this has a widespread effect on all areas of health and society. When we interact with this technological environment we are exposed to a wide variety of new stimuli and challenges, which may modulate the stress response and thus change the way we respond and adapt. In this Opinion paper I will examine certain aspects of the human-computer interaction with regards to health and ageing. There are practical, everyday effects which also include social and cultural elements...
February 9, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134809/hormetic-response-to-low-dose-radiation-focus-on-the-immune-system-and-its-clinical-implications
#10
REVIEW
Jiuwei Cui, Guozi Yang, Zhenyu Pan, Yuguang Zhao, Xinyue Liang, Wei Li, Lu Cai
The interrelationship between ionizing radiation and the immune system is complex, multifactorial, and dependent on radiation dose/quality and immune cell type. High-dose radiation usually results in immune suppression. On the contrary, low-dose radiation (LDR) modulates a variety of immune responses that have exhibited the properties of immune hormesis. Although the underlying molecular mechanism is not fully understood yet, LDR has been used clinically for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and malignant tumors...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129561/potential-impacts-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-bacteria-in-the-aquatic-environment
#11
REVIEW
Zhiya Sheng, Yang Liu
It is inevitable that nano-silver will be released into the environment. Therefore, there is an urgent need to better understand the effects of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) on microbes in natural and engineered environments. The most remarkable gap in our knowledge on this lies on the low Ag-NPs dose side. This review summarized studies on the effects of Ag-NPs on bacteria from simple to complicated aquatic systems. A hormetic model with a narrow stimulatory zone has been proposed based on both experimental phenomenon and the potential mechanisms of the observed effects...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123580/effects-of-physical-activity-on-systemic-oxidative-dna-status-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#12
Barbara Tomasello, Giuseppe Antonio Malfa, Angela Strazzanti, Santi Gangi, Claudia Di Giacomo, Francesco Basile, Marcella Renis
Physical activity offers a paradoxical hormetic effect and a health benefit to cancer survivors; however, the biochemical mechanisms have not been entirely elucidated. Despite the well-documented evidence implicating oxidative stress in breast cancer, the association between health benefits and redox status has not been investigated in survivors who participate in dragon boating. The present study investigated the plasmatic systemic oxidative status (SOS) in breast cancer survivors involved in two distinct physical training exercises...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112228/hormetic-effect-of-panaxatriol-saponins-confers-neuroprotection-in-pc12-cells-and-zebrafish-through-pi3k-akt-mtor-and-ampk-sirt1-foxo3-pathways
#13
Chao Zhang, Chuwen Li, Shenghui Chen, Zhiping Li, Lijuan Ma, Xuejing Jia, Kai Wang, Jiaolin Bao, Yeer Liang, Meiwan Chen, Peng Li, Huanxing Su, Simon Ming Yuen Lee, Kechun Liu, Jian-Bo Wan, Chengwei He
Hormesis is an adaptive response of living organisms to a moderate stress. However, its biomedical implication and molecular mechanisms remain to be intensively investigated. Panaxatriol saponins (PTS) is the major bioactive components extracted from Panax notoginseng, a widely used herbal medicine for cerebrovascular diseases. This study aims to examine the hormetic and neuroprotective effects of PTS in PC12 cells and zebrafish Parkinson's disease (PD) models. Our results demonstrated that PTS stimulated PC12 cell growth by about 30% at low doses, while PTS at high doses inhibited cell growth, which is a typical hormetic effect...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110457/reduced-proliferation-and-colony-formation-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hnscc-after-dual-targeting-of-egfr-and-hedgehog-pathways
#14
Hannes Liebig, Georg Günther, Marlen Kolb, Christian Mozet, Andreas Boehm, Andreas Dietz, Gunnar Wichmann
PURPOSE: The hedgehog signalling pathway (Hh) is frequently active in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Overexpressed Hh associates with poor prognosis. The Hh inhibitor vismodegib targets smoothened, and based on molecular data, may prevent resistance to EGFR targeting. METHODS: To elucidate potential roles of vismodegib in HNSCC therapy, its sole effects and those combined with cisplatin, docetaxel, and cetuximab on HNSCC cell lines were assessed by MTT metabolisation and BrdU incorporation...
January 21, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109747/silver-nanoparticles-induce-hormesis-in-a549-human-epithelial-cells
#15
Mireille M J P E Sthijns, Waluree Thongkam, Catrin Albrecht, Bryan Hellack, Aalt Bast, Guido R M M Haenen, Roel P F Schins
Despite the gaps in our knowledge on the toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), the application of these materials is fast expanding, from medicine, to food as well as the use in consumer products. It has been reported that prolonged exposure might make cells more resistant to AgNPs. This prompted us to investigate if AgNPs may give rise to a hormetic response. Two types of AgNPs were used, i.e. colloidal AgNPs and an AgNP powder. For both types of nanosilver it was found that a low dose pretreatment of A549 human epithelial cells with AgNPs induced protection against a toxic dose of AgNPs and acrolein...
January 18, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094904/hormetic-effects-of-glyphosate-on-plants
#16
REVIEW
Ivana Pfs Brito, Leandro Tropaldi, Caio A Carbonari, Edivaldo D Velini
As all herbicides act on pathways or processes crucial to plants, in an inhibitory or stimulatory way, low rates of any herbicide might be used to modulate plant growth, development, or plant composition. Glyphosate is the most used herbicide in the world, and very low rates of this herbicide can stimulate plant growth, an effect called hormesis. Several studies have shown that glyphosate applications at low rates can increase plant growth, induce shikimic acid accumulation, increase photosynthesis and stomatal opening, increase seed production, and shorten the plant life cycle...
January 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040472/proatherogenic-effects-of-4-hydroxynonenal
#17
Anne Nègre-Salvayre, Sandra Garoby-Salom, Audrey Swiader, Myriam Rouahi, Mélanie Pucelle, Robert Salvayre
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a α,β-unsaturated hydroxyalkenal generated by peroxidation of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid. This reactive carbonyl compound exhibits a huge number of biological properties that result mainly from the formation of HNE-adducts on free amino groups and thiol groups in proteins. In the vascular system, HNE adduct accumulation progressively leads to cellular dysfunction and tissue damages that are involved in the progression of atherosclerosis and related diseases. HNE contributes to the atherogenicity of oxidized LDL, by forming HNE-apoB adducts that deviate the LDL metabolism to the scavenger receptor pathway of macrophagic cells, and lead to the formation of foam cells...
December 28, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004367/acute-and-chronic-toxicity-of-diuron-and-carbofuran-to-the-neotropical-cladoceran-ceriodaphnia-silvestrii
#18
Adrislaine S Mansano, Raquel A Moreira, Hugo C Dornfeld, Lia G R Diniz, Eny M Vieira, Michiel A Daam, Odete Rocha, Mirna H R Seleghim
In order to contribute to the increase of the body of knowledge on the sensitivity of tropical indigenous species to pesticides, acute and chronic toxicity tests were conducted with the neotropical cladoceran Ceriodaphnia silvestrii. Tests were carried out with the active ingredients diuron and carbofuran and one of their commercial formulations, the Diuron Nortox® 500 SC and the Furadan® 350 SC, respectively. For carbofuran, the active ingredient was more toxic than the commercial product, whereas for diuron, the commercial product appeared more toxic...
December 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999589/empirical-validation-of-a-hypothesis-of-the-hormetic-selective-forces-driving-the-evolution-of-longevity-regulation-mechanisms
#19
Alejandra Gomez-Perez, Pavlo Kyryakov, Michelle T Burstein, Nimara Asbah, Forough Noohi, Tania Iouk, Vladimir I Titorenko
Exogenously added lithocholic bile acid and some other bile acids slow down yeast chronological aging by eliciting a hormetic stress response and altering mitochondrial functionality. Unlike animals, yeast cells do not synthesize bile acids. We therefore hypothesized that bile acids released into an ecosystem by animals may act as interspecies chemical signals that generate selective pressure for the evolution of longevity regulation mechanisms in yeast within this ecosystem. To empirically verify our hypothesis, in this study we carried out a three-step process for the selection of long-lived yeast species by a long-term exposure to exogenous lithocholic bile acid...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993470/application-and-further-characterization-of-the-snap-bean-s156-r123-ozone-biomonitoring-system-in-relation-to-ambient-air-temperature
#20
Evgenios Agathokleous, Costas J Saitanis, Kent O Burkey, Georgia Ntatsi, Vasiliki Vougeleka, Alsayed M Mashaheet, Andreas Pallides
Increased mixing ratios of ground-level ozone (O3) threaten individual plants, plant communities and ecosystems. In this sense, O3 biomonitoring is of great interest. The O3-sensitive S156 and the O3-tolerant R123 genotypes of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) have been proposed as a potential tool for active biomonitoring of ambient O3. In the present study, an O3 biomonitoring was conducted, with the S156/R123 tool, along with a monitoring of O3 and other environmental conditions in an urban area in Athens, Greece, during the growing seasons of 2012 and 2013...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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