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Feeding jejunostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777456/distal-bowel-re-feeding-in-patients-with-proximal-jejunostomy
#1
Anand Nagar, Siddharth Mehrotra, Amitabh Yadav, Vivek Mangla, Shailendra Lalwani, Naimish Mehta, Samiran Nundy
BACKGROUND: Patients who have a proximal jejunostomy are difficult to manage because of their high stoma output which results in fluid and electrolyte imbalance with repeated hospital admissions and the necessity for expensive parenteral nutrition (PN). There are few reports on the use of re-feeding of the proximal effluents in this situation. METHODS: We here relate our experience with this manoeuvre in 35 patients between Jan 2010 and Feb 2016 who had stomas less than 120 cm away from the duodenojejunal flexure...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756648/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-procedural-and-nutrition-outcomes-in-a-large-patient-cohort
#2
Priya K Simoes, Kaitlin M Woo, Moshe Shike, Robin B Mendelsohn, Hans Gerdes, Arnold J Markowitz, Emmy Ludwig, Pari M Shah, Mark A Schattner
BACKGROUND: Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is used for enteral nutrition (EN) in patients with postoperative anastomotic leaks after esophagectomy/gastrectomy and at high risk for aspiration. We characterized the indications, technical success, procedural/nutrition outcomes, and adverse events in a large cohort of patients undergoing DPEJ insertion. METHODS: Patients undergoing DPEJ insertion between January 2009 and March 2015 were identified from an institutional endoscopy database...
December 27, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754879/congenital-pyloric-atresia-nine-new-cases-single-center-experience-of-the-long-term-follow-up-and-the-lessons-learnt-over-a-decade
#3
Monal Kansra, V Shankar Raman, Kamal Kishore, Sanat Khanna, Bipin Puri, Abhishek Sharma
BACKGROUND: Congenital pyloric atresia (CPA) is a rare anomaly with an incidence of 1 in 100,000 live births. Depending on the type of anomaly patients can either present in the neonatal period or later in life with subtle nonspecific signs and symptoms. We present our institute's experience in handling these cases over the last decade and highlight lessons learnt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients diagnosed with CPA and managed at our centre between Jan 2006 to June 2016...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748126/feeding-the-gut-after-revisional-bariatric-surgery-the-fate-of-126-enteral-access-tubes
#4
Andrew T Strong, Hana Fayazzadeh, Gautam Sharma, Kevin El-Hayek, Matthew Kroh, John Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Revisional bariatric surgery (RBS) is associated with higher complication rates compared with primary bariatric surgery. Feeding tubes (FTs), including gastrostomy and jejunostomy tubes placed during RBS, may serve as a safety net to provide nutrition when oral intake is contraindicated or limited; however, FTs in this setting have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine complications, use, and duration of FTs placed during RBS...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724988/total-gastric-necrosis-due-to-mucormycosis-a-rare-case-of-gastric-perforation
#5
Salah Termos, Feras Othman, Mohammad Alali, Bader M S Al Bader, Talal Alkhadher, Wael Fathi Hassanaiah, Ali Taqi, Abhijit Sapkal
BACKGROUND Spontaneous gastric perforation is usually a complication of peptic ulcer disease, or a postoperative complication resulting from gastric torsion. Mucormycosis (or zygomycosis) is an uncommon opportunistic fungal infection that is usually seen in immunocompromised patients and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This report is of a rare case of spontaneous gastric perforation due to mucormycosis infection. CASE REPORT A 52-year-old woman, with a past medical history of heroin abuse, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease treated by dialysis, presented to the emergency department with cellulitis of the arms...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713622/nutritional-care-in-iranian-intensive-care-units
#6
Maryam Shabanpur, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Shima Moradi, Safora Hedayati, Mahboobe Hosseinikia, Yahya Pasdar, Shahrbanoo Gholizadeh, Mehnoosh Samadi
Intensive care units (ICUs) provides intensive treatment medicine to avoid complications such as malnutrition, infection and even death. As very little is currently known about the nutritional practices in Iranian ICUs, this study attempted to assess the various aspects of current nutrition support practices in Iranian ICUs. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 150 critically ill patients at 18 ICUs in 12 hospitals located in 2 provinces of Iran from February 2015 to March 2016. Data were collected through interview with supervisors of ICUs, medical record reviews and direct observation of patients during feeding...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713578/a-surgical-conundrum-in-feeding-jejunostomy-jejunojejunal-intussusception-a-case-series
#7
H Sakthivel, Ashok Kumar Sahoo, Anandhi Amaranathan, Nagarajan Raj Kumar, Nanda K Maroju
Intussusception is a common cause of intestinal obstruction in the pediatric population. Usually, it is primary and benign and can be managed by nonoperative interventions in 80% of the cases. Adult intussusception accounts for only 5% of all cases of intussusception and 1%-5% of all cases of intestinal obstruction. Unlike in the pediatric population, intussusception in adults is usually caused by a pathologic lead point. The initial investigation to diagnose it is an ultrasound abdomen followed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of the abdomen...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701521/evaluation-of-various-gastrojejunostomy-tube-constructs-for-enteral-support-of-small-animal-patients
#8
Marije Risselada, Emily Griffith, Meredith Kapler, Mischa McDonald-Lynch
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility of manufacturing gastrojejunostomy tubes from jejunostomy and gastrostomy tubes that would allow for gastric and enteral feeding of and aspiration of gastric contents from small animal patients. DESIGN In vitro study. SAMPLE 9 gastrojejunostomy constructs. PROCEDURES Commercially available gastrostomy and jejunostomy tubes were combined to create 9 constructs. Three investigators tested each construct with 4 solutions (tap water, a commercial enteral diet, and 2 canned food-water mixtures) and 3 syringe sizes for ease of injection through the gastrostomy and jejunostomy tubes and aspiration through the gastrostomy tube...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630025/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-for-the-management-of-gastroparesis-in-pregnancy
#9
Sawan Vijay Rupani, William F Ergen, Frederick Weber, Shajan Peter
BACKGROUND: Providing meaningful nutrition in cases of refractory hyperemesis during pregnancy can be challenging; although intragastric enteral nutrition is the most common approach, it is contraindicated in certain cases and carries the risk of increased nausea and vomiting. CASE: A 36-year-old primigravid woman with a history of gastroparesis presented at 16 weeks of gestation with nausea and vomiting. With no improvement with conventional approaches and signs of malnutrition, a direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy was placed...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581679/balloon-inflated-catheters-for-enteral-feeding-a-word-of-caution
#10
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Anand Narayan Singh, Ragini Kilambi
Catheters with inflatable balloons such as a Foley catheter may be used for feeding gastrostomy/jejunostomy. The incorrect or improper use of these catheters can have serious consequences. We report 13 cases of feeding jejunostomy with balloon-inflated catheter's malfunction, some referred to our centre and others operated here over a period of 8 years. The most dramatic consequence of such improper use led to rupture of the small intestine due to inadvertent over-inflation (over 100 ml) of the balloon of the catheter during a contrast study...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552252/gastrojejunoscopy-facilitates-placement-of-a-percutaneous-transgastric-jejunostomy-in-a-patient-with-a-pancreaticoduodenectomy-and-multiple-failed-feeding-tube-placements
#11
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, James Shields, Joseph J Gemmete, Anthony Hage, Ravi N Srinivasa
Enteral access is one of the most common procedures performed in abdominal and interventional radiology. The surgical anatomy of the postoperative stomach may, however, make enteral access challenging. This report describes a patient with a pancreaticoduodenectomy complicated by a gastrojejunostomy leak who underwent 2 unsuccessful transoral endoscopic nasojejunal tube placements and 2 failed percutaneous gastrojejunostomy tube placements. Eventually, a gastrojejunostomy tube was placed utilizing percutaneous techniques with fluoroscopy assistance and gastrojejunoscopy guidance...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512037/weight-loss-and-timing-of-j-tube-removal-in-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-patients-who-report-physical-or-sexual-abuse
#12
Polly A Hulme, Kevin A Kupzyk, Gary J Anthone, Kimberly A Capron, Thang Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery patients who report physical or sexual abuse form a sizeable cohort that stands out due to psychological comorbidity. Their possible vulnerability to suboptimal weight loss remains of interest. Their risk for malnutrition due to inadequate oral intake following surgery is underexplored. OBJECTIVES: Study aims were to determine the effect of self-reported physical or sexual abuse in patients undergoing open biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) on (a) 3-year weight loss trajectories and (b) timing of feeding jejunostomy tube (J tube) removal...
March 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509540/laparogastroscopy-and-esophageal-stenosis
#13
Alexandru-Dan Sabău, Noor Hassan, Cătălin Gabriel Smarandache, Alin Miheţiu, Ștefan Ţîţu, Dan Sabău
PURPOSE: An original technique using laparoscopic instruments in a gastric endocavitary work chamber with potential for esophagus, stomach and D1 vizualisation. The main purpose of laparagastroscopy is to improve the quality of life of the patient disabling by the esophageal tumor. This method has several advantages: providing physiological feeding, harvesting materials for histopathological examination, solving eso-tracheal fistulas concurrently with the proposed operation and hemostatic role through compression, low energy and plastic consumption, rapid socio-economic reintegration, mental psychological care of the patient...
January 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430435/esophageal-endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-with-enteral-feeding-using-a-sengstaken-blakemore-tube
#14
So Young Lee, Kun Woo Kim, Jae-Ik Lee, Dong-Kyun Park, Kook-Yang Park, Chul-Hyun Park, Kuk-Hui Son
Early diagnosis followed by primary repair is the best treatment for spontaneous esophageal perforation. However, the appropriate management of esophageal leakage after surgical repair is still controversial. Recently, the successful adaptation of vacuum-assisted closure therapy, which is well established for the treatment of chronic surface wounds, has been demonstrated for esophageal perforation or leakage. Conservative treatment methods require long-term fasting with total parenteral nutrition or enteral feeding through invasive procedures, such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or a feeding jejunostomy...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386758/challenges-in-management-of-pediatric-life-threatening-neck-and-chest-trauma
#15
Shilpa Sharma, Biplab Mishra, Amit Gupta, Kapil Dev Soni, Richa Aggarwal, Subodh Kumar
Introduction: Neck and thoracic trauma in children pose unforeseen challenges requiring variable management strategies. Here, we describe some unusual cases. Patients and Methods: Pediatric cases of unusual neck and thoracic trauma prospectively managed from April 2012 to March 2014 at a Level 1 trauma center were studied for management strategies, outcome, and follow-up. Results: Six children with a median age of 5.5 (range 2-10) years were managed...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368029/an-investigation-into-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-receiving-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-versus-standard-care-following-oesophagectomy
#16
Katie Benton, Iain Thomson, Elisabeth Isenring, B Mark Smithers, Ekta Agarwal
PURPOSE: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols have been effectively expanded to various surgical specialities including oesophagectomy. Despite nutrition being a key component, actual nutrition outcomes and specific guidelines are lacking. This cohort comparison study aims to compare nutritional status and adherence during implementation of a standardised post-operative nutritional support protocol, as part of ERAS, compared to those who received usual care. METHODS: Two groups of patients undergoing resection of oesophageal cancer were studied...
January 24, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367443/outcomes-among-patients-with-direct-enteral-vs-nasogastric-tube-placement-after-acute-stroke
#17
Raed A Joundi, Gustavo Saposnik, Rosemary Martino, Jiming Fang, Joan Porter, Moira K Kapral
OBJECTIVE: To compare complications, disability, and long-term mortality of patients who received direct enteral tube vs nasogastric tube feeding alone after acute stroke. METHODS: We used the Ontario Stroke Registry to identify patients who received direct enteral tubes (DET; gastrostomy or jejunostomy) or temporary nasogastric tubes (NGT) alone during hospital stay after acute ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage from July 1, 2003, to March 31, 2013. We used propensity matching to compare groups from discharge and evaluated discharge disability, institutionalization, complications, and mortality, with follow-up over 2 years, and with cumulative incidence functions used to account for competing risks...
February 13, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234613/phlegmonous-esophagitis-treated-with-internal-drainage-and-feeding-jejunostomy
#18
Won Gi Woo, Young Woo Do, Geun Dong Lee, Sung Soo Lee
We report the case of a 67-year-old woman presenting with epigastric pain. Computed tomography identified diffuse phlegmonous esophagitis. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed multiple perforations in the mucosal layer of the esophagus. A large amount of pus was drained internally through the gut. The patient was treated with antibiotics and early jejunostomy feeding. Although phlegmonous esophagitis is a potentially fatal disease, the patient was successfully treated medically with only a minor complication (esophageal stricture)...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229483/outcomes-of-fundoplication-in-oesophageal-atresia-associated-gastrooesophageal-reflux-disease
#19
Antti I Koivusalo, Risto J Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
AIM OF THE STUDY: Conservative management of gastrooesophageal reflux (GORD) in oesophageal atresia (OA) is sometimes inefficient, and fundoplication is required. We assessed the outcomes of fundoplication among OA patients from 1980 to 2016. METHODS: After ethical consent, hospital records of 290 patients, including 22 referred patients, were reviewed. Included were 262 patients with end-to-end repair. Excluded were patients who underwent oesophageal reconstruction (n=23) or no repair (n=5)...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225081/enteral-nutrition-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-chemoradiotherapy-for-esophageal-carcinoma-a-comparison-of-nasogastric-tube-esophageal-stent-and-ostomy-tube-feeding
#20
Fang-Jung Yu, Hsiang-Yao Shih, Chien-Yi Wu, Yun-Shiuan Chuang, Jui-Ying Lee, Hsien-Pin Li, Pen-Tzu Fang, Dong-Lin Tsai, Shah-Hwa Chou, I-Chen Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study prospectively recruited esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients who received esophageal stent, nasogastric tube (NGT), or jejunostomy/gastrostomy feeding to compare the changes in nutritional status and quality of life during chemoradiation therapy (CRT). METHODS: In total, 81 patients were analyzed (stent, 7; surgical ostomy, 26; NGT, 19; oral intake, 29). An NGT was inserted when, despite medication, dysphagia or pain worsened with oral feeding during CRT...
December 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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