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Feeding jejunostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320382/laparoscopic-t-tube-feeding-jejunostomy-as-an-adjunct-to-staging-laparoscopy-for-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancies-the-technique-and-review-of-outcomes
#1
Sze Li Siow, Hans Alexander Mahendran, Chee Ming Wong, Nirumal Kumar Milaksh, Myo Nyunt
BACKGROUND: In recent years, staging laparoscopy has gained acceptance as part of the assessment of resectability of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) malignancies. Not infrequently, we encounter tumours that are either locally advanced; requiring neoadjuvant therapy or occult peritoneal disease that requires palliation. In all these cases, the establishment of enteral feeding during staging laparoscopy is important for patients' nutrition. This review describes our technique of performing laparoscopic feeding jejunostomy and the clinical outcomes...
March 20, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289510/critical-analysis-of-feeding-jejunostomy-following-resection-of-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#2
Andrew M Blakely, Saad Ajmal, Rachel E Sargent, Thomas T Ng, Thomas J Miner
AIM: To assess nutritional recovery, particularly regarding feeding jejunostomy tube (FJT) utilization, following upper gastrointestinal resection for malignancy. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of a prospectively-maintained database of adult patients who underwent esophagectomy or gastrectomy (subtotal or total) for cancer with curative intent, from January 2001 to June 2014. Patient demographics, the approach to esophagectomy, the extent of gastrectomy, FJT placement and utilization at discharge, administration of parenteral nutrition (PN), and complications were evaluated...
February 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174187/duodenocolic-fistula-diagnosed-by-endoscopy-a-rare-complication-of-colon-cancer
#3
Aeden Bernice G Timbol, Vanessa Charlene O Co, Angela V Djajakusuma, Virgilio P Banez
Duodenocolic fistula (DCF) is a rare complication of colon cancer with only 70 cases reported since its first description in 1862. Owing to its rarity, current knowledge on DCF still relies on single case reports. We present 2 cases of DCF from a hepatic flexure adenocarcinoma demonstrated initially by endoscopy. 2 adult male patients were admitted due to a 2-3-month history of right-upper quadrant pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and a palpable right upper quadrant mass. In both cases, a circumferential, friable mass was noted on upper endoscopy at the second portion of the duodenum, leading to the ascending colon...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155231/charge-syndrome-gastrointestinal-involvement-from-mouth-to-anus
#4
REVIEW
A Hudson, M Macdonald, J N Friedman, K Blake
CHARGE syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that occurs as a result of a heterozygous loss-of-function mutation in the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding (CHD7) gene, which is important for neural crest cell formation. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and feeding difficulties are highly prevalent but are often a neglected area of diagnosis, treatment, and research. Cranial nerve dysfunction, craniofacial abnormalities, and other physical manifestations of this syndrome lead to gut dysmotility, sensory impairment, and oral-motor function abnormalities...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138365/triple-tube-drainage-for-difficult-gastroduodenal-perforations-a-prospective-study
#5
Nitin Agarwal, Nishant Kumar Malviya, Nikhil Gupta, Iqbal Singh, Sanjay Gupta
AIM: To prospectively study the outcome of difficult gastroduodenal perforations (GDPs) treated by triple tube drainage (TTD) in order to standardize the procedure. METHODS: Patients presenting to a single surgical unit of a tertiary hospital with difficult GDPs (large, unfavourable local and systemic factors) were treated with TTD (gastrostomy, duodenostomy and feeding jejunostomy). Postoperative parameters were observed like time to return of bowel sounds, time to start enteral feeds, time to start oral feeds, daily output of all drains, time to clamping/removal of all drains, time for skin to heal, complications, hospital stay, and, mortality...
January 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112964/enteral-feeding-via-jejunostomy-as-a-cause-of-intestinal-perforation-and-necrosis
#6
María Victoria Vieiro Medina, Elias Rodríguez Cuéllar, Alfredo Ibarra Peláez, Dánae Gil-Díez, Felipe de la Cruz Vigo
Jejunostomy for enteral feeding is excellent for patients who cannot manage oral intake, with a low complication rate. A Foley catheter, Ryle tube, Kerh tube or needle-catheter (Jejuno-Cath®) are commonly used. It is a safe procedure but it can lead to severe complications. We present two cases: firstly, an 80 year old male who was admitted to the Emergency Room with a bowel perforation secondary to Jejuno-Cath® for enteral feeding after a subtotal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction; and secondly, a 53 year old male who was admitted to the Emergency Room due to gastric perforation developing multiple complications, including bowel necrosis and enteral feeding impaction...
January 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049257/nasoenteric-tube-versus-jejunostomy-for-enteral-nutrition-feeding-following-major-upper-gastrointestinal-operations-a-meta-analysis
#7
Lidong Wang, Zhong Tian, Yuan Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following major upper gastrointestinal surgical procedures, early enteral nutrition to the jejunum is strongly recommended, either through a nasoenteric tube or a percutaneous transperitoneal jejunal feeding tube (jejunostomy). However, to date there has been no consensus as to the best enteral feeding strategy. Our aim was to determine the safest and most efficacious early enteral nutrition supplement strategy following major upper gastrointestinal operations...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869490/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-causing-cardiac-arrest-in-a-30-year-old-woman
#8
H J Manson, Y M Goh, P Goldsmith, P Scott, P Turner
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually presents in infancy with respiratory failure requiring urgent surgical correction. Mortality in this group of patients remains poor and persistent pulmonary hypertension is a significant contributor. It is therefore rare for patients to reach adulthood undiagnosed. CDH is often identified incidentally in adults but when symptoms arise, they relate to the organ involved, and include gastrointestinal symptoms of dyspepsia and obstruction, as well as respiratory complaints such as dyspnoea...
February 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867955/a-new-technique-to-repair-huge-tracheo-gastric-fistula-following-esophagectomy
#9
Francesco Paolo Caronia, Alfonso Fiorelli, Mario Santini, Roberto Alfano, Sergio Castorina
We reported the management of a life-threatening condition as a large tracheo-gastric fistula involved the carina, the left and the right bronchus that complicated Ivor Lewis esophagogastrectomy for esophageal cancer. An urgent right thoracotomy was performed and the tracheal defect was covered with a reversed pedicled pericardial patch reinforced with an intercostal muscle flap. Cervical esophagostomy and a feeding jejunostomy completed the operation. Five months later, the continuity of gastrointestinal tract was restored using a transverse colon...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863719/utility-of-feeding-jejunostomy-tubes-in-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#10
Hussein E Waliye, G Paul Wright, Caitlin McCarthy, Jared Johnson, Alex Scales, Andrea Wolf, Mathew Chung
BACKGROUND: Routine placement of jejunostomy tubes (JT) during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is controversial. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing PD from 1/1/08 through 12/31/14 was performed. The patients were divided into groups by placement of JT. Outcome measures were 90-day morbidity, 90-day mortality, length of stay, rate of delayed gastric emptying (DGE), and JT-specific complications. RESULTS: 256 patients were included...
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858187/duodeno-duodenostomy-or-duodeno-jejunostomy-for-duodenal-atresia-is-one-repair-better-than-the-other
#11
Augusto Zani, Jung-Pin Benjamin Yeh, Sebastian K King, Priscilla P L Chiu, Paul W Wales
PURPOSE: The surgical management of neonates with duodenal atresia (DA) involves re-establishment of intestinal continuity, either by duodeno-duodenostomy (DD) or by duodeno-jejunostomy (DJ). Although the majority of pediatric surgeons perform DD repair preferentially, we aimed to analyze the outcome of DA neonates treated with either surgical technique. METHODS: Following ethical approval (REB:1000047737), we retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients who underwent DA repair between 2004 and 2014...
February 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855671/giant-duodenal-ulcers-after-neurosurgery-for-brainstem-tumors-that-required-reoperation-for-gastric-disconnection-a-report-of-two-cases
#12
Chihoko Nobori, Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kentaro Naito, Toshihiro Takami, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy of pharmacotherapy for gastrointestinal ulcers, severe cases of bleeding or perforation due to gastrointestinal ulcers still occur. Giant duodenal ulcer perforation is an uncommon but difficult-to-manage pathology with a high mortality rate. We report two cases of giant duodenal ulcer perforation after neurosurgery for brainstem tumors that needed reoperation for gastric disconnection because of postoperative leakage and bleeding. CASE PRESENTATION: Both cases had undergone neurosurgery for brainstem tumors, and the patients were in a shock state for several days with peritonitis due to giant duodenal perforation...
November 17, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842926/a-randomised-trial-of-post-discharge-enteral-feeding-following-surgical-resection-of-an-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancy
#13
Farid Froghi, Grant Sanders, Richard Berrisford, Tim Wheatley, Paul Peyser, Jo Rahamim, Stephen Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery often eat poorly post-operatively, despite dietetic input. A pilot study was conducted to examine the benefit of a 6 week nutritional supplementation via a feeding jejunostomy on fatigue, quality of life and independent living. METHODS: A feeding jejunostomy was placed routinely at oesophagectomy or total gastrectomy for cancer. At discharge, patients were randomised to nutritional supplementation (600 kcal/day) via their feeding jejunostomies or no jejunal supplement...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785689/complications-of-feeding-jejunostomy-tubes-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-cancer
#14
Audrey H Choi, Michael P O'Leary, Shaila J Merchant, Virginia Sun, Joseph Chao, Dan J Raz, Jae Y Kim, Joseph Kim
BACKGROUND: Feeding jejunostomy tubes (FJT) in patients undergoing resection of gastroesophageal cancers facilitate perioperative nutrition. Data regarding FJT use and complications are limited. STUDY DESIGN: A single institution review was performed for patients who underwent perioperative FJT placement for gastrectomy or esophagogastrectomy from 2007 to 2015. FJT-related and unrelated complications were evaluated. RESULTS: FJTs were inserted for total/completion gastrectomy (n = 49/117, 41...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785325/the-role-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-transgastric-jejunostomy-in-the-management-of-enteral-tube-feeding
#15
Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon
Feeding-related adverse events after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) such as aspiration pneumonia can impede the use of PEG. Percutaneous endoscopic transgastric jejunostomy (PEG-J) using large-bore jejunal tubes with gastric decompression function may improve outcomes by circumventing gastric passage during enteral nutrition and improving drainage of excessive gastric secretions. This report describes a case where PEG-J was successful in maintaining enteral tube feeding in a 72-year-old man when PEG feeding was not tolerated...
June 2016: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752817/laparoscopic-percutaneous-jejunostomy-with-intracorporeal-v-loc-jejunopexy-in-esophageal-cancer
#16
Shun-Mao Yang, Wei-Ling Hsiao, Jui-Hsiang Lin, Pei-Ming Huang, Jang-Ming Lee
BACKGROUND: Barbed sutures are widely used in various laparoscopic digestive surgeries. The purpose of this paper is to present our initial experience of laparoscopic percutaneous jejunostomy with unidirectional barbed sutures in esophageal cancer patients and compare it with our early cases using traditional transabdominal sutures. METHODS: A total of 118 esophageal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic percutaneous jejunostomy were identified in a single institution in Taiwan from June 2014 to May 2016...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648295/correction-percutaneous-endoscopic-transgastric-jejunostomy-peg-j-a-retrospective-analysis-on-its-utility-in-maintaining-enteral-nutrition-after-unsuccessful-gastric-feeding
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/bmjgast-2016-000098.].
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554384/gastric-necrosis-secondary-to-strangulated-giant-paraesophic-hiatal-hernia
#18
José Ángel Díez Ares, Nuria Peris Tomás, Nuria Estellés Vidagany, Dolores Periáñez Gómez
Asymptomatic giant hiatal hernia comprises a relatively common disease, mostly presented in women with 50 years onwards. The therapeutic approach remains controversial in recent years. Under the latest SAGES`revision, all the symptomatic hernias must be repaired, but the symptomatic hiatal hernia definition isn`t even now established. We present the case os a A 67 - year old woman with an asymptomatic hiatal hernia, that is admitted to our hospital owing to toracic and abdominal pain. This pain was related with food intake for 6 months...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496239/nutritional-route-in-oesophageal-resection-trial-ii-nutrient-ii-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Gijs H K Berkelmans, Bas J W Wilts, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Koshi Kumagai, Magnus Nilsson, Teus J Weijs, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Marc J van Det, Misha D P Luyer
INTRODUCTION: Early start of an oral diet is safe and beneficial in most types of gastrointestinal surgery and is a crucial part of fast track or enhanced recovery protocols. However, the feasibility and safety of oral intake directly following oesophagectomy remain unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of early versus delayed start of oral intake on postoperative recovery following oesophagectomy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an open-label multicentre randomised controlled trial...
August 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486522/percutaneous-endoscopic-transgastric-jejunostomy-peg-j-a-retrospective-analysis-on-its-utility-in-maintaining-enteral-nutrition-after-unsuccessful-gastric-feeding
#20
Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon, Kaori Yoneda, Shinya Nakamura, Kazuki Nishihara
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the method of choice for long-term enteral nutrition, feeding-related adverse events such as aspiration pneumonia and peristomal leakage can impede the use of PEG. Percutaneous endoscopic transgastric jejunostomy (PEG-J) using large-bore jejunal tubes may help by circumventing gastric passage during enteral nutrition and improving drainage of gastric secretions. METHODS: 20 patients (12 males and 8 females) who received PEG-J after unsuccessful PEG feeding during a 6-year period in our institution were analysed retrospectively to evaluate the efficacy of large-bore jejunal feeding tubes in maintaining enteral nutrition...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
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