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intracranial haemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087725/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-extremely-low-birthweight-infants-randomised-to-different-pco2-targets-the-phelbi-follow-up-study
#1
Ulrich H Thome, Orsolya Genzel-Boroviczeny, Bettina Bohnhorst, Manuel Schmid, Hans Fuchs, Oliver Rohde, Stefan Avenarius, Hans-Georg Topf, Andrea Zimmermann, Dirk Faas, Katharina Timme, Barbara Kleinlein, Horst Buxmann, Wilfried Schenk, Hugo Segerer, Norbert Teig, Annett Bläser, Roland Hentschel, Matthias Heckmann, Rolf Schlösser, Jochen Peters, Rainer Rossi, Wolfgang Rascher, Ralf Böttger, Jürgen Seidenberg, Gesine Hansen, Maria Zernickel, Harald Bode, Jens Dreyhaupt, Rainer Muche, Helmut D Hummler
BACKGROUND: Tolerating higher partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PCO2) in mechanically ventilated extremely low birthweight infants to reduce ventilator-induced lung injury may have long-term neurodevelopmental side effects. This study analyses the results of neurodevelopmental follow-up of infants enrolled in a randomised multicentre trial. METHODS: Infants (n=359) between 400 and 1000 g birth weight and 23 0/7-28 6/7 weeks gestational age who required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation within 24 hours of birth were randomly assigned to high PCO2 or to a control group with mildly elevated PCO2 targets...
January 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071818/safety-profile-of-the-direct-oral-anticoagulants-an-analysis-of-the-who-database-of-adverse-drug-reactions
#2
Luca Monaco, Chiara Biagi, Valentino Conti, Mauro Melis, Monia Donati, Mauro Venegoni, Alberto Vaccheri, Domenico Motola
AIM: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have shown non-inferiority to warfarin for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and a more promising safety profile. Unanswered safety aspects remain to addressed and available evidence on the risk associated with these drugs are conflicting. In order to contribute to the debate on their safety profile, we conducted a comparative analysis of the reports of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with DOACs in VigiBase...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058856/effective-treatment-with-a-new-protocol-using-tissue-type-plasminogen-activator-thrombolysis-for-pump-thrombosis-with-the-hvad-device
#3
Benedikt Schrage, Hanno Grahn, Florian M Wagner, Alexander Bernhardt, Meike Rybczynski, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Markus J Barten
BACKGROUND: Pump thrombosis is a major complication of the continuous flow left ventricular assist device. Pump exchange is seen as the therapeutic gold standard. In this study, we report on our experience with using tissue-type plasminogen activator thrombolysis for therapy of pump thrombosis. METHODS: We report on our experience with treatment of continuous flow left ventricular assist device pump thrombosis with the HVAD using tissue-type plasminogen activator thrombolysis in nine patients with 16 thrombotic events...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049738/when-the-heart-rules-the-head-ischaemic-stroke-and-intracerebral-haemorrhage-complicating-infective-endocarditis
#4
REVIEW
Estabrak Jiad, Sumanjit K Gill, Maria Krutikov, David Turner, Michael H Parkinson, Carmel Curtis, David J Werring
Sir William Osler meticulously described the clinical manifestations of infective endocarditis in 1885, concluding that: 'few diseases present greater difficulties in the way of diagnosis … which in many cases are practically insurmountable'. Even with modern investigation techniques, diagnosing infective endocarditis can be hugely challenging, yet is critically important in patients presenting with stroke (both cerebral infarction and intracranial haemorrhage), its commonest neurological complication. In ischaemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis carries an unacceptably high risk of intracranial haemorrhage, while in intracerebral haemorrhage, mycotic aneurysms require urgent treatment to avoid rebleeding, and in all cases, prompt treatment with antibiotics and valve surgery may be life-saving...
January 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029563/-use-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-primary-care-actua-study
#5
V Barrios, C Escobar, J M Lobos, J Polo, D Vargas
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 40% of patients with non-valvular auricular fibrillation (NVAF) who receive vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in Primary Care in Spain have poor anticoagulation control. The objective of the study Actuación en antiCoagulación, Tratamiento y Uso de anticoagulantes orales de acción directa (ACOD) en Atención primaria (ACTUA) (Action in Coagulation, Treatment and Use of direct oral anticoagulants [DOACs]) in Primary Care) was to analyse the current situation regarding the use of VKA and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with NVAF in Primary Care in Spain and the possible issues arising from it...
October 28, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011964/does-antimicrobial-usage-before-meningitis-lead-to-a-higher-risk-of-adult-postsurgical-acinetobacter-baumannii-meningitis-than-that-of-enterobacteriaceae-meningitis
#6
Hayati Demiraslan, Halil Ulutabanca, Baris Derya Ercal, Gokhan Metan, Emine Alp
Acinetobacter baumannii and Enterobacteriaceae are two pathogens responsible for postneurosurgical meningitis. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the factors that influenced the outcomes in patients with postneurosurgical meningitis caused by A. baumannii and Enterobacteriaceae. Patients with post-surgical meningitis were identified from infection control committee charts between 2007 and 2015. Subjects over 16 years old who had positive cerebral spinal fluid cultures for A. baumannii or Enterobacteriaceae were enrolled in the study...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007486/-trends-in-computed-tomography-characteristics-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-and-surgical-management-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-analysis-of-a-data-base-of-the-past-25-years-in-a-neurosurgery-department
#7
Pedro A Gómez, Ana M Castaño-León, David Lora, Santiago Cepeda, Alfonso Lagares
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiological characteristics, surgical indications, procedures, and intracranial pressure monitoring of a representative cohort of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) cases collected over the past 25years, and to analyse the changes that have occurred by dividing the period into 3 equal time periods. METHODS: An observational cohort study was conducted on consecutive adult patients (>14years of age) with severe closed TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score [GCS]≤8) who were admitted during the first 48hours after injury to the Hospital 12 de Octubre from 1987 to 2012...
December 19, 2016: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965075/the-diagnostic-value-and-safety-of-stereotactic-biopsy-in-aids-patients-with-intracranial-lesions-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jibo Zhang, Xuemeng Liu, Kai Fu, Chengshi Xu, Rui Gong, Li Liu, Tao Guo, Hui Zhou, Xinyu Zhao, Jincao Chen, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of stereotactic biopsy in AIDS patients with intracranial lesions via meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant cohort studies were identified through a literature search in PubMed, Embase and Ovid from 1985 to October 1, 2016. Appropriate studies were identified per search criteria. Systematic review and meta-analysis were used to assess the diagnosis success rate, changed management rate, clinical improvement rate, mortality rate, morbidity rate, haemorrhage rate, haemorrhage in morbidity rate and final histological diagnosis results...
December 10, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956157/ibrutinib-for-patients-with-rituximab-refractory-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinaemia-innovate-an-open-label-substudy-of-an-international-multicentre-phase-3-trial
#9
Meletios A Dimopoulos, Judith Trotman, Alessandra Tedeschi, Jeffrey V Matous, David Macdonald, Constantine Tam, Olivier Tournilhac, Shuo Ma, Albert Oriol, Leonard T Heffner, Chaim Shustik, Ramón García-Sanz, Robert F Cornell, Carlos Fernández de Larrea, Jorge J Castillo, Miquel Granell, Marie-Christine Kyrtsonis, Veronique Leblond, Argiris Symeonidis, Efstathios Kastritis, Priyanka Singh, Jianling Li, Thorsten Graef, Elizabeth Bilotti, Steven Treon, Christian Buske
BACKGROUND: In the era of widespread rituximab use for Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia, new treatment options for patients with rituximab-refractory disease are an important clinical need. Ibrutinib has induced durable responses in previously treated patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia. We assessed the efficacy and safety of ibrutinib in a population with rituximab-refractory disease. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label substudy was done at 19 sites in seven countries in adults aged 18 years and older with confirmed Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia, refractory to rituximab and requiring treatment...
December 9, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935890/-surgical-prevention-of-ischaemic-strokes-by-means-of-an-extraintracranial-microanastomosis-eicma-in-the-carotid-basin
#10
V V Krylov, V A Luk'yanchikov, A S Tokarev, O Yu Nakhabin, N A Polunina, I V Sen'ko, V A Dalibaldyan, E V Grigor'eva, N E Kudryashova, G K Guseinova, E V Udodov, T A Fedulova
BACKGROUND: Not less than 50% of all ischaemic strokes appear to occur resulting from pathology of extracranial arteries. Occlusions and stenoses are more commonly encountered in carotid arteries, with the incidence of occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) ranging from 5 to 10% within the structure of all lesions of brachiocephalic arteries (BCA). AIM: The study was aimed at assessing the results of a surgical procedure of extra-intracranial microanastomosis (EICMA) performed in patients presenting with occlusive and stenotic lesions of BCA at the Neurosurgical Department...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930545/application-of-stereotactic-biopsy-for-diagnosing-intracranial-lesions-in-patients-with-aids-in-china-report-of-7-cases
#11
Ji-Bo Zhang, Kai Fu, Rui Gong, Xue-Meng Liu, Li-Dao Chen, Yong-Xi Zhang, Gui-Fang Yang, Jie Zhang
RATIONALE: The aim of the study was to evaluate stereotactic biopsy for diagnosing intracranial lesions in patients with AIDS. PATIENT CONCERNS: Seven AIDS patients with an intracranial lesion who underwent stereotactic biopsy were included in this retrospective study (4 males and 3 females, 15 to 49 years old). The patients' disease history ranged from 1 month to 1 year. The samples were examined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical examination...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921380/induction-of-labour-for-suspected-macrosomia-at-term-in-non-diabetic-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
E R Magro-Malosso, G Saccone, M Chen, R Navathe, M Di Tommaso, V Berghella
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared induction of labour with expectant management in non-diabetic women with suspected fetal macrosomia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of labour induction for suspected fetal macrosomia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Literature search in electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all RCTs of suspected fetal macrosomia comparing labour induction with expectant management in term pregnancy...
December 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916439/adult-supratentorial-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumour-presenting-as-intracranial-haemorrhage-case-report
#13
Sean P Black-Tiong, Simon J I Sandler, Sophia Otto, Adam J Wells
Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNET) are highly malignant tumours with an aggressive clinical behaviour. Commonly seen in children, they are uncommon in the adult population, and rare in the supratentorial location. Adult supratentorial PNETs (ST-PNET) typically present with symptoms relating to raised intracranial pressure, seizures, or focal neurological deficits. Presentation with intracranial haemorrhage has been reported only twice before in the literature, one of which was fatal. We report the case of intracranial haemorrhage secondary to ST-PNET in a young adult and her immediate management...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914552/preserved-brains-from-the-spanish-civil-war-mass-grave-1936-at-la-pedraja1-burgos-spain
#14
Fernando Serrulla, Lourdes Herrasti, Carmen Navarro, Jose Luis Cascallana, Ana Maria Bermejo, Nicholas Marquez-Grant, Francisco Etxeberria
During the excavation of the Spanish Civil War mass grave at La Pedraja (Burgos, Spain), 104 individuals were found interred within it, 45 of which displayed brains that were preserved but dehydrated and reduced in size. This exceptional finding has resulted in the formation of a multidisciplinary team, with the aim of obtaining as much information as possible and to primarily understand the taphonomic phenomena that has led to the preservation of these brains. The following types of analyses were undertaken on three of these brains: macroscopy, histology, radiology, chemical-toxicology, genetics, chemical analysis of the soil and 3D modelling for stereolithography...
December 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906117/carotid-artery-stenting-versus-no-stenting-assisting-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-clinical-trials-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analyses
#15
Henrik Steglich-Arnholm, Markus Holtmannspötter, Christian Gluud, Derk Wolfgang Krieger
BACKGROUND: In patients with intracranial large vessel arterial occlusion, ipsilateral extracranial carotid artery occlusions or near-occlusions pose a significant hurdle in endovascular management of acute ischaemic stroke. Stenting of the carotid lesion may be beneficial in this situation to provide a stable access for introducing catheters through the carotid lesion into the intracranial vasculature and the target occlusion. Furthermore, carotid stenting may ensure ample blood flow for wash-out of clot material and reperfusion of the ischaemic penumbral tissue...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904506/safety-and-efficacy-of-tenecteplase-versus-alteplase-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#16
REVIEW
Alexandre Guillermin, David Jun Yan, Arnaud Perrier, Christophe Marti
INTRODUCTION: Alteplase and tenecteplase are two widely used thrombolytic agents and are both approved for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. These two molecules have increased fibrin specificity compared with older thrombolytics but distinct pharmacokinetic properties and may differ in terms of risks and benefits. We decided to review the available evidence comparing the safety and efficacy of these two molecules in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or pulmonary embolism (PE)...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895360/paediatric-external-ventricular-drains-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-a-developing-country
#17
Abbas Qalab, Rayaan Asad, Mahnaz Hakeem, Maria Ahmed, Haque Anwar, Aneela Darbar
The aim of the study was to describe indications and complications of external ventricular drain (EVD) placement in children aged between 1 month and 16 years. This retrospective chart review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised all children who underwent EVD placement from January 2007 to December 2014. Of the 177 patients identified, 117(66%) were males 60(34%) were girls. The overall mean age was 5.4±5.2 years. The median Glasgow Coma Scale score on presentation and discharge was 13 (interquartile range [IQR]: 7) and 15 (IQR: 4), respectively...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895241/secular-pattern-of-aneurismal-rupture-with-the-lunar-cycle-and-season
#18
Jillian C Banfield, Mohamed Abdolell, Jai S Shankar
BACKGROUND: The lunar cycle and seasons may be associated with rates of rupture of intracranial aneurysms, but the literature is mixed. Studies of the association between the lunar cycle and rates of aneurysm rupture used the eight qualitative moon phases. The purpose of this study was to assess any association of aneurysm rupture with the lunar cycle and with the season. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to ruptured intracranial aneurysm treated with endovascular coiling in our institution over a 10-year period...
November 28, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891397/spontaneous-subdural-haematoma-developing-secondary-to-arachnoid-cyst-rupture
#19
Mehmet Onur Yüksel, Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Mehmet Senol, Numan Karaarslan
Arachnoid cysts are congenital, benign, non-neoplastic, extra-axial intra-arachnoidal lesions. Arachnoid cysts rarely become symptomatic, with bleeding. Intracranial haemorrhage as a complication of arachnoid cyst is a very rare condition. It is well-known that mid-cranial fossa cysts might cause intracerebral haemorrhage or subdural haematoma secondary to traumas. However, the occurrence of spontaneous subdural haematoma secondary to arachnoid cysts, developing without any trauma, is even rarer. A 17-year-old boy presenting with diplopia and headache, with no history of trauma, was diagnosed with left temporal lobe arachnoid cyst and left fronto-parietal subdural haematoma...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887976/the-establishment-of-a-telestroke-service-using-multimodal-ct-imaging-decision-assistance-turning-on-the-fog-lights
#20
REVIEW
Jelle Demeestere, Claire Sewell, Jennifer Rudd, Timothy Ang, Louise Jordan, James Wills, Carlos Garcia-Esperon, Ferdinand Miteff, Venkatesh Krishnamurthy, Neil Spratt, Longting Lin, Andrew Bivard, Mark Parsons, Christopher Levi
Telestroke services have been shown to increase stroke therapy access in rural areas. The implementation of advanced CT imaging for patient assessment may improve patient selection and detection of stroke mimics in conjunction with telestroke. We implemented a telestroke service supported by multimodal CT imaging in a rural hospital in Australia. Over 21months we conducted an evaluation of service activation, thrombolysis rates and use of multimodal imaging to assess the feasibility of the service. Rates of symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage and 90-day modified Rankin Score were used as safety outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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