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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654812/the-%C3%A2-for-lb-challenge-evaluation-of-a-novel-workplace-based-peer-led-weight-management-programme-2014-2016
#1
Damien Bennett, Tracy Owen, D T Bradley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the £ for lb. Challenge, a novel country-wide, workplace-based, peer-led weight management programme with participants from a range of private and public organisations in Northern Ireland. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention studies. METHODS: The intervention was workplace-based, led by volunteer co-worker champions and based on the NHS Choices 12-week weight loss guide which incorporates dietary advice, physical activity, behaviour change methods and weekly weight monitoring...
September 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643551/provider-advice-about-weight-loss-in-a-primary-care-sample-of-obese-and-overweight-patients
#2
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Melanie Jefferson, Cathy L Melvin, LaShanta Rice, Kemi M Chukwuka
OBJECTIVE: Primary care providers play an important role in obesity prevention and reduction by advising patients about weight loss strategies. This study examined receipt of provider advice to lose weight among primary care patients who were overweight and obese. METHODS: Observational study conducted among primary care patients (n = 282) who completed a survey that measured receipt of provider advice about weight loss/management, chronic health conditions, perceived weight status, and perceptions about shared decision making about weight loss/management...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622790/early-life-risk-factors-identified-for-owner-reported-feline-overweight-and-obesity-at-around-two-years-of-age
#3
E C Rowe, W J Browne, R A Casey, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
Obesity is considered the second most common health problem in pet cats in developed countries. This study used prospective data from a longitudinal study of pet cats ('C.L.A.W.S.', www.bristol.ac.uk/vetscience/claws) to identify early-life risk factors for feline overweight/obesity occurring at around two years of age. Data were collected via five owner-completed questionnaires (for cats aged two-six months, six months, 12 months, 18 months and two years respectively) completed between May 2011 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616819/-safe-foods-or-fear-foods-the-implications-of-food-avoidance-in-college-students-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
C James, A Harrison, A Seixas, M Powell, S Pengpid, K Peltzer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to explore if self-reported food avoidance (fats, carbohydrates and protein) exists among college students in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its relationship with body mass index (BMI), dieting, mood/anxiety symptoms, physical activities and general health knowledge. METHODS: This study is a subset (N = 6096) of a larger 26 LMICs cross-sectional survey, which consisted of 21,007 college students. We ascertained socio-demographic information, food avoidance, physical activities, dieting behaviours, depressive and PTSD symptoms, and recorded anthropometric measurements...
June 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566125/weight-changes-in-general-practice
#5
Rasmus Køster-Rasmussen
This PhD thesis is about weight changes. What determines long-term weight changes in the adult general population? Is it possible that weight loss may not always be healthy? The present clinical guidelines for general practice advice most overweight persons and patients with type 2 diabetes to lose weight. Are the guidelines based on firm evidence?   METHODS: The back-bone of the thesis is constituted by three scientific articles based on three different population based cohort studies. Multivariable modeling and other epidemiological methods were used...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558738/understanding-knee-osteoarthritis-from-the-patients-perspective-a-qualitative-study
#6
Victoria Carmona-Terés, Jenny Moix-Queraltó, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Iris Lumillo-Gutiérrez, Xavier Mas, Enrique Batlle-Gualda, Milena Gobbo-Montoya, Lina Jodar-Fernández, Anna Berenguera
BACKGROUND: No studies of Health Coach Interventions for knee OA sufferers that include patients' perspectives have been published. The study assesses current clinical practice and primary care professionals' advice from the patients' perspective, in order to obtain a participative design for a complex intervention based on coaching psychology. Moreover, wants to analyse the experiences, perceptions, cognitive evaluation, values, emotions, beliefs and coping strategies of patients with knee osteoarthritis, and secondly the impact of these factors in the Self-management of this condition...
May 30, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403206/persistent-weight-loss-with-a-non-invasive-novel-medical-device-to-change-eating-behaviour-in-obese-individuals-with-high-risk-cardiovascular-risk-profile
#7
Peter von Seck, F Martin Sander, Leon Lanzendorf, Sabine von Seck, André Schmidt-Lucke, Mirja Zielonka, Caroline Schmidt-Lucke
In evidence-based weight-loss programs weight regain is common after an initial weight reduction. Eating slowly significantly lowers meal energy intake and hunger ratings. Despite this knowledge, obese individuals do not implement this behaviour. We, thus tested the hypothesis of changing eating behaviour with an intra-oral medical device leading to constant weight reduction in overweight and obesity. Six obese patients (6 men, age 56 ± 14, BMI 29 ± 2 kg / m2) with increased CVRF profile were included in this prospective study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381478/can-genetic-based-advice-help-you-lose-weight-findings-from-the-food4me-european-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlos Celis-Morales, Cyril Fm Marsaux, Katherine M Livingstone, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Rosalind Fallaize, Anna L Macready, Clare O'Donovan, Clara Woolhead, Hannah Forster, Silvia Kolossa, Hannelore Daniel, George Moschonis, Christina Mavrogianni, Yannis Manios, Agnieszka Surwillo, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, Keith Grimaldi, Jildau Bouwman, Mike J Gibney, Marianne C Walsh, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Julie A Lovegrove, J Alfredo Martinez, Wim Hm Saris, John C Mathers
Background: There has been limited evidence about whether genotype-tailored advice provides extra benefits in reducing obesity-related traits compared with the benefits of conventional one-size-fits-all advice.Objective: We determined whether the disclosure of information on fat-mass and obesity-associated (FTO) genotype risk had a greater effect on a reduction of obesity-related traits in risk carriers than in nonrisk carriers across different levels of personalized nutrition.Design: A total of 683 participants (women: 51%; age range: 18-73 y) from the Food4Me randomized controlled trial were included in this analysis...
May 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151831/the-nourishing-role-exploratory-qualitative-research-revealing-unmet-support-needs-in-family-carers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-and-eating-problems
#9
Jane B Hopkinson
BACKGROUND: Family carers of patients with advanced cancer living at home have an important role in providing the patient's food and drink. Little attention has been paid to the support needs, particularly of the nutrition needs, of family carers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report support needs of family carers of patients with advanced cancer and eating problems. METHODS: The research is an inductive secondary analysis of baseline interview data from an exploratory trial conducted in the south of England...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132532/weight-related-perceptions-and-experiences-of-young-adult-women-in-southwest-georgia
#10
Rebecca C Woodruff, Ilana G Raskind, Denise Ballard, Glenda Battle, Regine Haardörfer, Michelle C Kegler
Young adulthood is a period of pronounced weight gain, though few weight management interventions exist for this population. This qualitative study explored how young adult women feel about their weight, what kinds of weight-related advice they have received, and concerns about future weight gain to inform the adaptation of a weight gain prevention intervention. Forty women completed semistructured, in-depth interviews, which were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, coded, and analyzed using thematic analysis...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122658/randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-analysis-of-an-internet-based-weight-management-programme-power-positive-online-weight-reduction
#11
Paul Little, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Jo Kelly, Emily R Smith, Katherine J Bradbury, Stephanie Hughes, Peter Wf Smith, Michael V Moore, Mike Ej Lean, Barrie M Margetts, Christopher D Byrne, Simon Griffin, Mina Davoudianfar, Julie Hooper, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, James Raftery, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Behavioural counselling with intensive follow-up for obesity is effective, but in resource-constrained primary care settings briefer approaches are needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based behavioural intervention with regular face-to-face or remote support in primary care, compared with brief advice. DESIGN: Individually randomised three-arm parallel trial with health economic evaluation and nested qualitative interviews...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052576/pre-operative-oral-nutritional-supplementation-with-dietary-advice-versus-dietary-advice-alone-in-weight-losing-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sorrel T Burden, Debra J Gibson, Simon Lal, James Hill, Mark Pilling, Mattias Soop, Aswatha Ramesh, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative weight loss has been consistently associated with increased post-operative morbidity. The study aims to determine if pre-operative oral nutritional supplements (ONSs) with dietary advice reduce post-operative complications. METHODS: Single-blinded randomized controlled trial. People with colorectal cancer scheduled for surgery with pre-operative weight loss >1 kg/3-6 months were randomized by using stratified blocks (1:1 ratio) in six hospitals (1 November 2013-28 February 2015)...
June 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863921/unhealthy-weight-management-practices-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#13
Heather B Clayton, Zewditu Demissie, Richard Lowry, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Andrea J Sharma, Michele K Bohm
INTRODUCTION: Non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) has reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. With approximately one in five high school students engaging in NMUPD, it is important to understand behavioral correlates. METHODS: Data were combined from the 2011 and 2013 cycles of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. After restricting the analytic sample to students who reported a weight loss goal of either staying the same weight or losing weight, logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted prevalence ratios and 95% CIs for associations between unhealthy weight management practices (UWMPs) and lifetime NMUPD...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802843/tackling-obesity-in-areas-of-high-social-deprivation-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-task-based-weight-management-group-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#14
Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek, Sarrah Peerbux, Brennan C Kahan, Sandra Eldridge, Dominic Trépel, Steve Parrott, Chris Griffiths, Sarah Snuggs, Katie Myers Smith
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people require help to manage their weight. The NHS recommends weight loss advice by general practitioners and/or a referral to a practice nurse. Although this is helpful for some, more effective approaches that can be disseminated economically on a large scale are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not a task-based weight management programme [Weight Action Programme (WAP)] has better long-term effects than a 'best practice' intervention provided in primary care by practice nurses...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756643/-if-she-wants-to-eat%C3%A2-and-eat-and-eat%C3%A2-fine-it-s-gonna-feed-the-baby-pregnant-women-and-partners-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-with-a-bmi-40kg-m-2
#15
Alice Keely, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Lawrie Elliott, Jane Sandall, Anne Whittaker
INTRODUCTION: women with a raised BMI are more likely to gain excessive weight in pregnancy compared to women with a BMI in the normal range. Recent behaviour change interventions have had moderate to no influence on GWG, and no effect on other perinatal outcomes. Evidence is required regarding the social and cultural contexts of weight and pregnancy. No studies to date have included the views of partners. AIMS: to explore the experiences, attitudes and health-related behaviours of pregnant women with a BMI >40kg/m(2); and to identify the factors and considerations which shape their beliefs, experiences and behaviours, and how these may change during and after pregnancy...
June 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710763/disparities-in-who-receives-weight-loss-advice-from-a-health-care-provider-does-income-make-a-difference
#16
Cori Lorts, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
INTRODUCTION: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all patients be screened for obesity and, if needed, be provided weight-loss advice. However, the prevalence of such advice is low and varies by patient demographics. This study aimed to describe the determinants of receiving weight-loss advice among a sample with a high proportion of low-income, racial/ethnic minority individuals. METHODS: Data were collected from a telephone survey of 1,708 households in 2009 and 2010 in 5 cities in New Jersey...
October 6, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609909/promotion-of-weight-loss-by-health-care-professionals-implications-for-influencing-weight-loss-control-behaviors
#17
Paul D Loprinzi, Robert E Davis
PURPOSE: Despite evidence demonstrating that health-care providers (HCPs) can effectively promote health behaviors and weight loss among their patients, the extent to which HCPs promote weight loss among overweight and obese adults is not fully understood as the studies on this topic have mostly been conducted in convenience samples. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which HCPs promote weight loss among overweight and obese adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579968/the-frequency-of-weigh-ins-weight-intentionality-and-management-and-eating-among-female-collegiate-athletes
#18
Bailey P Tackett, Trent A Petrie, Carlin M Anderson
Female athletes often experience sport-environment pressures about weight, eating, and body composition from within the sport environment. One pressure that may be particularly debilitating is being weighed as a requirement of sport participation. Using 414 female collegiate athletes from weight-sensitive sports, we examined the frequency of weigh-ins, weight intentionality, weight-management practices, and eating and nutritional behaviors. Of the 41% of athletes who were weighed, most were done by athletic trainers in private (82%) and prepared by using at least one weight management strategy (75%)...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549032/dietary-advice-on-prescription-experiences-with-a-weight-reduction-programme
#19
Marie Bräutigam-Ewe, Marie Lydell, Jörgen Månsson, Gunnar Johansson, Cathrine Hildingh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe overweight persons' experiences with weight reduction and participation in the dietary advice on prescription. BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of overweight individuals are able to successfully lose weight. Experiences from earlier weight reduction programmes indicate that those who succeed typically manage to avoid overeating to handle stress and have high motivation to lose weight. Those who fail have low self-control and engage in negative health behaviours such as eating when experiencing negative emotions and stress...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418275/feasibility-study-of-portable-technology-for-weight-loss-and-hba1c-control-in-type-2-diabetes
#20
Claire L Bentley, Olubukola Otesile, Ruth Bacigalupo, Jackie Elliott, Hayley Noble, Mark S Hawley, Elizabeth A Williams, Peter Cudd
BACKGROUND: The study investigated the feasibility of conducting a future Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention for weight loss and HbA1c reduction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: The intervention was a small wearable mHealth device used over 12 weeks by overweight people with T2DM with the intent to lose weight and reduce their HbA1c level. A 4 week maintenance period using the device followed. The device records physical activity level and information about food consumption, and provides motivational feedback based on energy balance...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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