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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863921/unhealthy-weight-management-practices-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#1
Heather B Clayton, Zewditu Demissie, Richard Lowry, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Andrea J Sharma, Michele K Bohm
INTRODUCTION: Non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) has reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. With approximately one in five high school students engaging in NMUPD, it is important to understand behavioral correlates. METHODS: Data were combined from the 2011 and 2013 cycles of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. After restricting the analytic sample to students who reported a weight loss goal of either staying the same weight or losing weight, logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted prevalence ratios and 95% CIs for associations between unhealthy weight management practices (UWMPs) and lifetime NMUPD...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802843/tackling-obesity-in-areas-of-high-social-deprivation-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-task-based-weight-management-group-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#2
Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek, Sarrah Peerbux, Brennan C Kahan, Sandra Eldridge, Dominic Trépel, Steve Parrott, Chris Griffiths, Sarah Snuggs, Katie Myers Smith
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people require help to manage their weight. The NHS recommends weight loss advice by general practitioners and/or a referral to a practice nurse. Although this is helpful for some, more effective approaches that can be disseminated economically on a large scale are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not a task-based weight management programme [Weight Action Programme (WAP)] has better long-term effects than a 'best practice' intervention provided in primary care by practice nurses...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756643/-if-she-wants-to-eat%C3%A2-and-eat-and-eat%C3%A2-fine-it-s-gonna-feed-the-baby-pregnant-women-and-partners-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-with-a-bmi-40kg-m-2
#3
Alice Keely, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Lawrie Elliott, Jane Sandall, Anne Whittaker
INTRODUCTION: women with a raised BMI are more likely to gain excessive weight in pregnancy compared to women with a BMI in the normal range. Recent behaviour change interventions have had moderate to no influence on GWG, and no effect on other perinatal outcomes. Evidence is required regarding the social and cultural contexts of weight and pregnancy. No studies to date have included the views of partners. AIMS: to explore the experiences, attitudes and health-related behaviours of pregnant women with a BMI >40kg/m(2); and to identify the factors and considerations which shape their beliefs, experiences and behaviours, and how these may change during and after pregnancy...
September 28, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710763/disparities-in-who-receives-weight-loss-advice-from-a-health-care-provider-does-income-make-a-difference
#4
Cori Lorts, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
INTRODUCTION: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all patients be screened for obesity and, if needed, be provided weight-loss advice. However, the prevalence of such advice is low and varies by patient demographics. This study aimed to describe the determinants of receiving weight-loss advice among a sample with a high proportion of low-income, racial/ethnic minority individuals. METHODS: Data were collected from a telephone survey of 1,708 households in 2009 and 2010 in 5 cities in New Jersey...
October 6, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609909/promotion-of-weight-loss-by-health-care-professionals-implications-for-influencing-weight-loss-control-behaviors
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Robert E Davis
PURPOSE: Despite evidence demonstrating that health-care providers (HCPs) can effectively promote health behaviors and weight loss among their patients, the extent to which HCPs promote weight loss among overweight and obese adults is not fully understood as the studies on this topic have mostly been conducted in convenience samples. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which HCPs promote weight loss among overweight and obese adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579968/the-frequency-of-weigh-ins-weight-intentionality-and-management-and-eating-among-female-collegiate-athletes
#6
Bailey P Tackett, Trent A Petrie, Carlin M Anderson
Female athletes often experience sport-environment pressures about weight, eating, and body composition from within the sport environment. One pressure that may be particularly debilitating is being weighed as a requirement of sport participation. Using 414 female collegiate athletes from weight-sensitive sports, we examined the frequency of weigh-ins, weight intentionality, weight-management practices, and eating and nutritional behaviors. Of the 41% of athletes who were weighed, most were done by athletic trainers in private (82%) and prepared by using at least one weight management strategy (75%)...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549032/dietary-advice-on-prescription-experiences-with-a-weight-reduction-programme
#7
Marie Bräutigam-Ewe, Marie Lydell, Jörgen Månsson, Gunnar Johansson, Cathrine Hildingh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe overweight persons' experiences with weight reduction and participation in the dietary advice on prescription. BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of overweight individuals are able to successfully lose weight. Experiences from earlier weight reduction programmes indicate that those who succeed typically manage to avoid overeating to handle stress and have high motivation to lose weight. Those who fail have low self-control and engage in negative health behaviours such as eating when experiencing negative emotions and stress...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418275/feasibility-study-of-portable-technology-for-weight-loss-and-hba1c-control-in-type-2-diabetes
#8
Claire L Bentley, Olubukola Otesile, Ruth Bacigalupo, Jackie Elliott, Hayley Noble, Mark S Hawley, Elizabeth A Williams, Peter Cudd
BACKGROUND: The study investigated the feasibility of conducting a future Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention for weight loss and HbA1c reduction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: The intervention was a small wearable mHealth device used over 12 weeks by overweight people with T2DM with the intent to lose weight and reduce their HbA1c level. A 4 week maintenance period using the device followed. The device records physical activity level and information about food consumption, and provides motivational feedback based on energy balance...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403697/case-studies-in-sports-nutrition
#9
N Clark
In brief: With the recent plethora of research indicating that food affects performance, athletes are eager to learn how to eat to win. They recognize that sound nutrition practices are an integral part of their training program. Hence, sports-active people of all ages and athletic abilities are increasingly receptive to professional nutrition advice. This article presents two case reports of athletes who consulted the author for advice regarding diverse problems: One wanted to stabilize her blood sugar and lose weight; the other wished to gain weight...
June 1988: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145132/inter-pregnancy-weight-change-and-the-risk-of-recurrent-pregnancy-complications
#10
Jacqueline M Wallace, Sohinee Bhattacharya, Doris M Campbell, Graham W Horgan
Women with specific adverse pregnancy outcomes in their first pregnancy may be receptive to inter-pregnancy weight management guidance aimed at preventing these complications reoccurring in subsequent pregnancies. Thus the association between inter-pregnancy weight change and the risk of recurrent pregnancy complications at the second pregnancy was investigated in a retrospective cohort study of 24,520 women with their first-ever and second consecutive deliveries in Aberdeen using logistic regression. Compared with women who were weight stable, weight loss (>2BMI units) between pregnancies was associated with an increased risk of recurrent small for gestational age (SGA) birth and elective Cesarean-section, and was protective against recurrent pre-eclampsia, placental oversize and large for gestational age (LGA) birth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26964691/how-do-people-define-moderation
#11
Michelle R vanDellen, Jennifer C Isherwood, Julie E Delose
Eating in moderation is considered to be sound and practical advice for weight maintenance or prevention of weight gain. However, the concept of moderation is ambiguous, and the effect of moderation messages on consumption has yet to be empirically examined. The present manuscript examines how people define moderate consumption. We expected that people would define moderate consumption in ways that justified their current or desired consumption rather than view moderation as an objective standard. In Studies 1 and 2, moderate consumption was perceived to involve greater quantities of an unhealthy food (chocolate chip cookies, gummy candies) than perceptions of how much one should consume...
June 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876632/eating-behaviors-among-low-income-obese-adults-in-the-united-states-does-health-care-provider-s-advice-carry-any-weight
#12
Cori Lorts, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
The U.S. Preventive Task Force recommends that all patients be screened for obesity and given appropriate weight loss advice, if needed, as nutrition counseling by primary care physicians is a key objective for Healthy People 2020. This study assesses the association between health care provider's (HCP) advice to lose weight and eating behaviors among obese individuals. Data were collected using a household survey of adults in five New Jersey cities in 2009-10. Analyses presented are limited to 548 obese participants...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826111/exploring-the-range-of-lifestyle-interventions-used-in-dutch-health-care-practice-a-qualitative-description
#13
Irene M van de Glind, Maud M Heinen, Wytske W Geense, Ilse Mesters, Michel Wensing, Theo van Achterberg
BACKGROUND: The application of evidence-based lifestyle interventions is suboptimal, but little is known what interventions are actually used. This study aimed to explore the range of lifestyle interventions used in Dutch ambulatory health care settings. METHOD: We conducted interviews (n = 67) in purposefully selected hospitals, general practices, and community care organizations. Interviews focused on identifying activities to help patients stop smoking, reduce alcohol consumption, increase physical activity, eat a healthy diet, and lose weight...
March 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26744110/predictors-of-weight-loss-in-african-americans-with-prediabetes-or-early-diabetes
#14
Susan S Harris, Anna Chew
ACKNOWLEGMENT: This study was supported by Clinical Research Grant (7-08-CR-27) from the American Diabetes Association and by a contract (58-1950-7-707) with the Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. This article does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. government. PURPOSE: This analysis was undertaken to describe healthcare seeking, weight loss efforts and predictors of weight loss among African Americans recently identified with prediabetes or early diabetes METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted on data collected from 89 participants who completed a previously published 12-week randomized placebo-controlled trial testing the benefit of vitamin D supplementation on blood measures predictive of diabetes risk...
2014: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26640451/a-cognitive-profile-of-obesity-and-its-translation-into-new-interventions
#15
Anita Jansen, Katrijn Houben, Anne Roefs
Change your lifestyle: decrease your energy intake and increase your energy expenditure, is what obesity experts tell people who need to lose weight. Though the advice might be correct, it appears to be extremely difficult to change one's lifestyle. Unhealthy habits usually are ingrained and hard to change, especially for people with an "obese cognitive profile." Knowledge of the cognitive mechanisms that maintain unhealthy eating habits is necessary for the development of interventions that can change behavior effectively...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26217520/research-protocol-management-of-obesity-in-patients-with-low-health-literacy-in-primary-health-care
#16
Nighat Faruqi, Nigel Stocks, Catherine Spooner, Nouhad El Haddad, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically disadvantaged adults are both more likely to be obese and have lower levels of health literacy. Our trial evaluates the implementation and effectiveness of primary care nurses acting as prevention navigators to support obese patients with low health literacy to lose weight. METHODS/DESIGN: A pragmatic cluster randomised trial will be conducted. Twenty practices in socioeconomically deprived areas, 10 each in Sydney and Adelaide, will be recruited and randomised to intervention and control groups...
2015: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26205278/acceptability-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-with-bmi-%C3%A2-30-kg-m2-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-individualized-home-based-service
#17
Lou Atkinson, Ellinor K Olander, David P French
OBJECTIVES: There have been recent calls for more evidence regarding effective antenatal and postnatal interventions to address the serious health risks of maternal obesity and associated childhood obesity. The Maternal and Early Years Healthy Weight Service (MAEYS) is an innovative service, delivered by specialist healthy weight advisors, for obese women (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) during pregnancy and up to 2 years after delivery. The service focuses on healthy gestational weight gain, postpartum weight loss and establishing healthy infant feeding and active play...
January 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141913/weight-advice-associated-with-male-firefighter-weight-perception-and-behavior
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Austin L Brown, Walker S C Poston, Sara A Jahnke, C Keith Haddock, Sheng Luo, George L Delclos, R Sue Day
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of overweight and obesity threatens the health and safety of the fire service. Healthcare professionals may play an important role in helping firefighters achieve a healthy weight by providing weight loss counseling to at-risk firefighters. This study characterizes the impact of healthcare professional weight loss advice on firefighter weight perceptions and weight loss behaviors among overweight and obese male firefighters. METHODS: A national sample of 763 overweight and obese male firefighters who recalled visiting a healthcare provider in the past 12 months reported information regarding healthcare visits, weight perceptions, current weight loss behaviors, and other covariates in 2011-2012...
October 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26136410/improved-body-weight-and-performance-status-and-reduced-serum-pge2-levels-after-nutritional-intervention-with-a-specific-medical-food-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-or-adenocarcinoma-of-the-gastro-esophageal-junction
#19
Joyce Faber, Madeleen J Uitdehaag, Manon Spaander, Sabine van Steenbergen-Langeveld, Paul Vos, Marloes Berkhout, Cor Lamers, Hans Rümke, Hugo Tilanus, Peter Siersema, Ardy van Helvoort, Ate van der Gaast
BACKGROUND: The majority of cancer patients loses weight and becomes malnourished during the course of their disease. Metabolic alterations and reduced immune competence lead to wasting and an increased risk of infectious complications. In the present study, the effect of a nutritionally complete medical food, which is high in protein and leucine and enriched with fish oil and specific oligosaccharides, was investigated on immune function, nutritional status, and inflammation in patients with esophageal cancer and compared with routine care...
March 2015: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25964984/telomerase-activity-and-cellular-aging-might-be-positively-modified-by-a-yoga-based-lifestyle-intervention
#20
Shiv Basant Kumar, Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Madhuri Tolahunase, Rima Dada
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies showed that a brief yoga-based lifestyle intervention was efficacious in reducing levels of oxidative stress and cellular aging in obese men. The objective of this case report was to assess the efficacy of this intervention in reducing the levels of biochemical markers of cellular ageing, oxidative stress, and inflammation at baseline (day 0), at the end of active intervention (day 10), and follow-up at day 90. DESIGN: Single case report from a prospective ongoing study with pre-post design assessing the level of various markers of cellular aging...
June 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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