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Amita Rani, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas
INTRODUCTION: Alveolar osteitis (AO) is a well-known complication following tooth extraction. Plethora of literature is available regarding its treatment modalities signifying that none of the treatment is as effective as any another treatment. LASER on the other hand, has been used to promote soft tissue healing. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In order to evaluate the effects of laser on healing of AO we undertook a randomized clinical trial. In the trial, sixty patients diagnosed with AO were randomly divided into three groups viz: alvogyl, diode laser and Er:Cr:YSGG laser (erbium chromium yttrium scandium gallium garnet)...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Dimitrios Strakas, Eugenia Koliniotou-Koumpia, Effimia Koumpia
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of using Er,Cr:YSGG laser during in-office tooth bleaching on bovine enamel surface to evaluate the safety of this therapy on tooth tissues. Thirty-six enamel specimens were prepared from bovine incisors and divided into three groups: Group 1 specimens (control) received no bleaching treatment; Group 2 received a conventional in-office bleaching treatment (40 % H2O2); Group 3 received laser-assisted bleaching procedure (40 % H2O2) utilizing an Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
October 14, 2016: Odontology
Rana Al-Falaki, Francis Hughes, Reena Wadia, Christie Eastman, Elias Kontogiorgos, Samuel Low
Aims: This is an extended case series of patients treated with an Erbium, Chromium: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser as an adjunct to scaling for the management of intrabony defects. Materials & methods: 46 patients with 79 angular intrabony defects associated with pocket depths of >5mm, and a mean age of 53 ± 9 years presenting with chronic periodontitis were included in the analysis. All patients underwent a localized minimally invasive closed flap surgery utilizing Er,Cr:YSGG laser therapy...
June 29, 2016: Laser Therapy
Ferah Rehman, Gyanendra Kumar, Mridula Goswami, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Aim: The aim of this invitro study is to evaluate the shear bond strength of reattached fractured incisor fragments using Er,Cr:YSGG laser and conventional acid etching without additional tooth preparation. Materials and methods: Forty extracted human teeth were divided in two groups of 20 each (Groups A and B). In Group A, fractured surface was treated by an Er, Cr: YSGG laser system (Waterlase MD, Biolase Technology Inc., San Clemente, CA, USA) operating at a wavelength of 2,780 nm and frequency of 20 Hz...
June 29, 2016: Laser Therapy
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Potito Giuseppe D'Errico, Stefano Pagano, Guido Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable improvements in oral health, dental caries continue to be a public health issue. The most frequently used, and universally accepted technique, to remove caries is through mechanical ablation of decayed tissues by means of rotating drills (diamond or tungsten carbide, or both). In the past few decades, the introduction of adhesive filling materials (resin composites) has affected cavity filling procedures by reducing its retention needs, with advantages for dental tissue conservation...
September 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ayhan Eymirli, Emre Nagas, Mehmet Ozgur Uyanik, Zafer Cavit Cehreli
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the efficacy of erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser-activated irrigation (LAI) of ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and phytic acid on the removal of calcium hydroxide (CH) and triple antibiotic paste (TAP) from root canals. BACKGROUND DATA: Although some studies investigated the efficacy of LAI of EDTA irrigation, no study has been conducted to investigate the efficacy of LAI of phytic acid in the removal of CH and TAP from root dentin...
September 12, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Miguel Rodrigues Martins, Rita C Lima, Irene Pina-Vaz, Manuel Fontes Carvalho, Norbert Gutknecht
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Although several surgical techniques have been reported, no study has yet reported alternative strategies for endodontic treatment of autogenous transplanted teeth. Therefore, the aim of this clinical report is to present the long-term endodontic outcome of a nonvital autogenously transplanted third molar treated with an Er,Cr:YSGG laser and radial firing tips (RFTs). CASE REPORT: Autogenous tooth transplantation can be considered an alternative to restore edentulous areas and, in donor's teeth with complete root formation, root canal treatment should be performed up to 14 days following transplantation...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Aydin Sohrabi, Sanaz Jafari, Soodabeh Kimyai, Sahand Rikhtehgaran
OBJECTIVE: Since there is no standard method for rebonding loose ceramic brackets, the aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using Er,Cr:YSGG laser to eliminate the remaining composite materials from the base of ceramic brackets and to compare the bond strength of rebonded brackets with the new ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two extracted human premolars were mounted in acrylic cylinders. Thirty-one ceramic brackets were bonded, and shear bond strength was tested using Hounsfield testing machine...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Carolina Barbosa Siqueira, Natália Spadini de Faria, Walter Raucci-Neto, Vivian Colucci, Erica Alves Gomes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of laser irradiation on flexural strength, elastic modulus, and surface roughness and morphology of glass fiber posts (GFPs). BACKGROUND DATA: Laser treatment of GFPs has been introduced to improve its adhesion properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 GFPs were divided into 4 groups according to the irradiation protocol: GC-no irradiation, GYAG-irradiation with erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet [Er:YAG], GCR-irradiation with erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG), and GDI-irradiation with diode laser...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Vanessa Ruiz Magaz, Antonio Santos Alemany, Federico Hernández Alfaro, José Nart Molina
The application of laser as a monotherapy has been shown to reduce probing pocket depths and increase clinical attachment levels after treatment of patients suffering from chronic periodontitis. Its controversial use as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) is discussed. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adjunctive Er, Cr:YSGG laser application following conventional SRP. A total of 30 patients with chronic periodontitis were enrolled in the study. The quadrants of each patient were allocated to either SRP or SRP + laser...
September 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Aline Evangelista Souza-Gabriel, Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto, Mirian Saavedra Lopes Ururahy, Lilian Mendes Andrade, Juliana Jendiroba Faraoni, Umberto Romeo, Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb
This study evaluated the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on the root canal dentin after luting a fiber post. Twenty-four bovine teeth roots were prepared using NiTi instruments and filled with Sealer 26 and gutta-percha. Post spaces were prepared and roots were distributed according to dentin treatment (n = 8): 2.5%NaOCl (group control), Er,Cr:YSGG laser (1.5 W, 20 Hz, 20 s) (group test 1) or 2.5%NaOCl + Er,Cr:YSGG laser (group test 2). Fiber posts were luted using adhesive cement (Rely X U200, 3M) and roots were prepared to confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
August 20, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
T Yildirim, M K Ayar, C Yesilyurt, S Kilic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare two different bond strength test methods (tensile and microtensile) in investing the influence of erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er, Cr: YSGG) laser pulse frequency on resin-enamel bonding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and twenty-five bovine incisors were used in the present study. Two test methods were used: Tensile bond strength (TBS; n = 20) and micro-TBS (μTBS; n = 5). Those two groups were further split into three subgroups according to Er, Cr: YSGG laser frequency (20, 35, and 50 Hz)...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Masoumeh Moslemi, Faezeh Fotouhi Ardakani, Fatemeh Javadi, Zahra Khalili Sadrabad, Zahra Shadkar, Mohammad Saeid Shadkar
Aim and Background. Recently, new restorative materials such as self-adhesive flowable composites, because of their simple use and no need to bonding and etching, are considered important, particularly in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on microshear bond strength of self-adhesive flowable composite on permanent teeth dentin in vitro. Material and Methods. In this experimental study, 40 dentin sections were prepared from healthy third molars and divided into two groups according to their surface preparation by Er,Cr:YSGG laser or without laser, only with silicon carbide paper...
2016: Scientifica
Rashmi Issar, Dibyendu Mazumdar, Shashi Ranjan, Naveen Kumar Krishna, Ravindra Kole, Priyankar Singh, Deirimika Lakiang, Chiranjeevi Jayam
INTRODUCTION: Etching of enamel and dentin surfaces increases the surface area of the substrate for better bonding of the tooth colored restorative materials. Acid etching is the most commonly used method. Recently, hard tissue lasers have been used for this purpose. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the etching pattern of Er,Cr:YSGG and conventional etching on extracted human enamel and dentin specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 40 extracted non-diseased teeth were selected, 20 anterior and 20 posterior teeth each for enamel and dentin specimens respectively...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Keila de Almeida Franceschini, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva-Sousa, Fabiane Carneiro Lopes, Rodrigo Dantas Pereira, Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb, Manoel Damião de Sousa-Neto
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the influence of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation associated with different final irrigation protocols on the bond strength of epoxy resin-based root canal sealer to root dentin, on the dentin/filling material interface and in the temperature variation during irradiation. METHODOLOGY: Ninety-six maxillary canines were prepared with K3 rotary system up to #45/0.02 instrument, irrigating with distilled water between files. The specimens were randomly assigned to three groups-final irrigation (distilled water, 1% NaOCl, and 17% EDTAC) and four subgroups (n = 8)-laser parameters (non-irradiated, 2 W/20 Hz, 3 W/20 Hz, and 4 W/20 Hz)...
July 18, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Rana Al-Falaki, Francis J Hughes, Reena Wadia
Introduction. Surgical management of infrabony defects is an invasive procedure, frequently requiring the use of adjunctive material such as grafts or biologics, which is time-consuming and associated with expense and morbidity to the patient. Lasers in periodontal regeneration have been reported in the literature, with each wavelength having potential benefits through different laser-tissue interactions. The purpose of this case series was to assess the efficacy of a new dual-wavelength protocol in the management of infrabony defects...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
Rana Al-Falaki, Mark Cronshaw, Steven Parker
OBJECTIVES: The current periodontal literature has been inconsistent in finding an added advantage to using lasers in periodontal therapy. The aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes following root surface instrumentation alone (NL group), or with adjunctive use of Erbium, Chromium: Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser (L group). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with generalized chronic periodontitis, having a minimum of 1 year follow up were selected by a blinded party for inclusion in a retrospective analysis from patients treated prior to and after integration of laser in a single clinic setting...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de Oliveira, Felipe Eduardo Pinotti, Heglécia da Luz Carvalho, Cássio Rocha Scardueli, Rosemary Adriana Chiérici Marcantonio
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different levels of external irrigation during irradiation with an erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser on the roughness and wear of dental tissue during scaling procedures. METHODS: Twenty-Five uniradicular bovine teeth had the proximal surfaces planed and divided into 3 regions: upper, middle and lower. The upper region was treated with hand instruments, the middle region was not treated and served as a control, and the lower region was treated by the Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
2016: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Mohammad Reza Talebi-Ardakani, Maryam Torshabi, Elahe Karami, Elham Arbabi, Zeinab Rezaei Esfahrood
The ultimate goal of the periodontal treatments is a regeneration of periodontium. Recently, laser irradiations are commonly used to improve wound repair. Because of many controversies about the effects of laser on soft tissue regeneration, more in vitro studies are still needed. The aim of the present in vitro study was to compare the effects of different doses of Er:YAG (erbium-doped:yttrium, aluminum, garnet) and Er, Cr:YSGG (erbium, chromium-doped: yttrium, scandium, gallium, garnet) laser treatment on human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) proliferation...
April 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Darya Haidary, René Franzen, Norbert Gutknecht
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the temperature changes on the root surface during root canal irradiation using 2780 nm erbium, chromium: yttrium, scandium, gallium, garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) and 940 nm diode lasers in an alternating sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen single-rooted human teeth were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6). Teeth were embedded in a resin block, and six thermocouples were introduced at different positions on the tooth surfaces, while immersed in a 37°C thermal bath during laser irradiation...
August 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
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