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Current managment pediatric choledochal cyst

Kevin C Soares, Seth D Goldstein, Mounes A Ghaseb, Ihab Kamel, David J Hackam, Timothy M Pawlik
Choledochal cysts are rare congenital disorders first described by Vater and Ezler in 1723. Their exact etiology remains incompletely understood; however, an anomalous pancreaticobiliary union (APBDU) and subsequent reflux of biliary contents into the biliary tree are thought to play a role. Accordingly, APBDU-associated choledochal cyst patients are significantly more likely to have evidence of hepatitis, cholangitis or pancreatitis and pathologically confirmed inflammation. In 1977, Todani and colleagues modified the original Alonso-Lej classification to include five types of CC...
June 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
John A Sandoval, Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Alpin D Malkan
OBJECTIVE: A small percentage of pediatric solid cancers arise as a result of clearly identified inherited predisposition syndromes and nongenetic lesions. Evidence supports preemptive surgery for children with genetic [multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2), familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome (FAP), hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), and hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) and nongenetic [thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC), congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM), alimentary tract duplication cysts (ATDC), and congenital choledochal cysts (CCC)] developmental anomalies...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Maria Hukkinen, Antti Koivusalo, Harry Lindahl, Risto Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: Few reports on choledochal malformations (CMs) in European populations exist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of pediatric CM patients managed in our nationwide referral center for pediatric hepatobiliary surgery between 1976 and 2013 (n = 38; 71% females) were reviewed. RESULTS: Over follow-up time, the relative proportion of fusiform CMs increased significantly (p = 0.007) and the estimated total incidence rose from 1:128,000 to 1:38,000 (p = 0...
October 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Mei Diao, Long Li, Ning Dong, Qi Li, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopy has recently become popular in pediatric surgery. Yet there has been no report on its application in the management of choledochal cysts (CDC). The current series is the first study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (SILH) for CDC in children. METHODS: We reviewed 19 children who underwent SILH between April and June 2011. Early postoperative and follow-up results were compared with our historical controls...
June 2012: Surgical Endoscopy
Barish H Edil, Kelly Olino, John L Cameron
Choledochal cyst disease is uncommon. The presentation of the disease is being seen more commonly in the adult population than in the pediatric population, particularly in the West, making this a diagnosis a general surgeon should consider when evaluating a patient with biliary disease. The diagnosis of this disease has been greatly facilitated by improving technologies, particularly MRCP and interventional techniques of PTC. The consequences of not treating choledochal cysts can result in malignant transformation...
2009: Advances in Surgery
R Phani Krishna, Richa Lal, Sadiq S Sikora, S K Yachha, Lily Pal
This paper highlights the etiology, diagnosis, management and outcome in nine unusual cases of extrahepatic biliary obstruction in children. Extrahepatic biliary atresia and choledochal cyst constituted 127 out of 136 (93%) cases of all pediatric surgical biliary disorders managed between March 2000 and February 2007 at the reporting centre. However, nine children (aged 1.5-15 years) presented with uncommon causes like (1) idiopathic benign non-traumatic inflammatory stricture (n = 3), (2) idiopathic fibrosing chronic pancreatitis (n = 2), (3) post-cholecystectomy type 4 benign biliary stricture (n = 1), (4) post-acute pancreatitis pseudo-cyst of pancreas (n = 1), (5) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with extramural common bile duct compression and gall bladder perforation (n = 1), and (6) Langerhan cell histiocytosis (LCH, n = 1)...
February 2008: Pediatric Surgery International
Kazuhiro Kaneyama, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Geoffrey J Lane, Takeshi Miyano
Traditionally, choledochal cyst (CC) is classified into five types according to Todani's classification. Of 356 cases of CC treated at our institute since 1965, we experienced four cases of mixed type I and II choledochal cyst (MTCC). The incidence of MTCC was 1.1%. All four patients had a fusiform common bile duct (CBD) with a diverticulum originating from the mid-portion of the CBD. The cystic duct drained into the right side of the diverticulum. All had pancreaticobiliary malunion (PBMU). All presented with recurrent abdominal pain...
November 2005: Pediatric Surgery International
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