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fetal intraventricular hemorrhage

Thomas J Garite, C Andrew Combs, Kimberly Maurel, Anita Das, Kevin Huls, Richard Porreco, Dale Reisner, George Lu, Melissa Bush, Bruce Morris, April Bleich
BACKGROUND: Counseling for patients with impending premature delivery traditionally has been based primarily on the projected gestational age at delivery. There are limited data regarding how the indications for the preterm birth affect the neonatal outcome and whether this issue should be taken into account in decisions regarding management and patient counseling. OBJECTIVE: We performed a prospective study of pregnancies resulting in premature delivery at less than 32 weeks to determine the influence of both the indications for admission and their associated indications for delivery on neonatal mortality and complications of prematurity...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Janet M Catov, Christina M Scifres, Steve N Caritis, Marnie Bertolet, Jacob Larkin, W Tony Parks
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth has staggering health implications, and yet the causes of most cases are still unknown. Placental features have been understudied as an etiology for preterm birth, and the association between placental pathologic lesions and neonatal outcomes are incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize births according to placental pathology and relate these to adverse neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 20,091 births (15,710 term and 4381 preterm) with placental evaluations...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
T Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term benefits and risks associated with antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids and the related strategies: multiple and rescue courses. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids before 34 weeks of gestation is associated in the neonatal period with a significant reduction of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and death (LE1), and in possibly childhood with a reduction of cerebral palsy and increased psychomotor development index and intact survival (LE3)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Y Wang, Y Wei, P B Yuan, X J Wang, Y Y Zhao
Objective: To analyze the prognosis of surviving monochorionic co-twin after single intrauterine fetal demise (sIUFD). Methods: Retrospectively analyzed the twin pregnancy cases admitted in Peking University Third Hospital between Jan 2008 and Feb 2015. We recorded perinatal characteristics, neuroimage in co-twin, and followed up the neonatal outcome. Results: 47 cases were found, including 45 cases of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) and 2 cases of monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA). Median gestational age at sIUFD was 27 weeks...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jacob R Joseph, Brandon W Smith, Hugh J L Garton
Blunt prenatal trauma is known to have consequences to the developing brain, and can result in subdural hematoma (SDH) or epidural hematoma (EDH). The authors present a case of blunt prenatal trauma resulting in a fetal SDH, intraparenchymal hematoma, and intraventricular hemorrhage, and perform a systematic review of the literature. This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Relevant studies (up to April 2016) that reported on cases of fetal SDH or EDH after blunt prenatal trauma were identified from the PubMed database...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Jens Henrichs, Viki Verfaille, Laura Viester, Myrte Westerneng, Bert Molewijk, Arie Franx, Henriette van der Horst, Judith E Bosmans, Ank de Jonge, Petra Jellema
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a major risk factor for perinatal mortality and morbidity. Thus, there is a compelling need to introduce sensitive measures to detect IUGR fetuses. Routine third trimester ultrasonography is increasingly used to detect IUGR. However, we lack evidence for its clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness and information on ethical considerations of additional third trimester ultrasonography. This nationwide stepped wedge cluster-randomized trial examines the (cost-)effectiveness of routine third trimester ultrasonography in reducing severe adverse perinatal outcome through subsequent protocolized management...
October 13, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mohamed Ali Abdelkader, Wafaa Ramadan, Amir A Gabr, Ahmed Kamel, Rasha W Abdelrahman
PURPOSE: To determine the sonographic criteria for diagnosis of fetal intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), using both gray scale ultrasound, and tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective multicenter study, recruiting patients at risk of fetal ICH over four years. All cases with fetal ICH had serial ultrasound assessments, including TUI, fetal and postnatal MRIs. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were diagnosed with fetal ICH, two cases had extracerebral (subdural) hemorrhage, 16 cases had intracerebral (intraventricular) hemorrhage and three cases had combined hemorrhage...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Marcela C Smid, Catherine J Vladutiu, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Tracy A Manuck, Kim A Boggess, David M Stamilio
Objective To estimate the association between maternal super obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 50 kg/m(2)) and neonatal morbidity among neonates born via cesarean delivery (CD). Methods Retrospective cohort of singleton neonates delivered via CD ≥ 37 weeks in the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit Cesarean Registry. Maternal BMI at delivery was stratified as 18.5 to 29.9 kg/m(2), 30 to 39.9 kg/m(2), 40 to 49.9 kg/m(2), and ≥ 50 kg/m(2). Primary outcomes included acute (5-minute Apgar score < 5, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and ventilator support < 24 hours, neonatal injury, and/or transient tachypnea of the newborn) and severe (grade 3 or 4 intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, seizure, respiratory distress syndrome, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, meconium aspiration, ventilator support ≥ 2 days, sepsis and/or neonatal death) neonatal morbidity...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Tammy Z Movsas, Alan R Spitzer, Ira H Gewolb
AIM: The prevalence of Down syndrome in infants with fetal ventriculomegaly is 5% to 10%; however, the converse, the prevalence of cerebral ventriculomegaly in live-born infants with Down syndrome, is not well established. Because cranial ultrasounds are performed on most very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants (birthweight <1500g), our aim was to examine ultrasound abnormalities of VLBW infants to determine prevalence of ventriculomegaly and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in VLBW infants with Down syndrome, and whether VLBW infants with Down syndrome are at higher risk for cranial ultrasound abnormalities, compared with the already elevated risk in other VLBW infants...
June 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Karen E Hannaford, Molly J Stout, Chris D Smyser, Amit Mathur, Alison G Cahill
Objective We evaluated electronic fetal (heart rate) monitoring (EFM) patterns among very preterm infants with and without intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) to evaluate the test characteristics of EFM for the prediction of IVH. Study Design We performed a case-control study of preterm infants born ≤ 30 weeks' gestation over a 6-year period. We evaluated differences in EFM patterns between those (cases) with and without IVH (controls). The relative odds ratio of observing differences in EFM patterns between cases and controls was calculated...
December 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Adriano Rodríguez-Trujillo, Teresa Cobo, Irene Vives, Jordi Bosch, Marian Kacerovsky, David E Posadas, Martina A Ángeles, Eduard Gratacós, Bo Jacobsson, Montse Palacio
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM), the impact on short-term neonatal outcome of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), intra-amniotic inflammation (IAI), and the microorganisms isolated in women with MIAC, when gestational age is taken into account. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study. We included women with PPROM (22.0-34.0 weeks of gestation) with available information about MIAC, IAI and short-term neonatal outcome...
August 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Morgan L Swank, Thomas J Garite, Kimberly Maurel, Anita Das, Jordan H Perlow, C Andrew Combs, Shira Fishman, Jeroen Vanderhoeven, Michael Nageotte, Melissa Bush, David Lewis
BACKGROUND: Vasa previa is a rare condition that is associated with a high rate of fetal or neonatal death when not diagnosed antenatally. The majority of available studies are either small, do not include antepartum data, limited to single institutions, or are biased by inclusion of patients from registries and online vasa previa support groups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic and management strategies for this potentially catastrophic entity and to describe further maternal and placental risk factors that may aid in the establishment of a screening protocol for vasa previa...
August 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Angie C Jelin, Rita Sharshiner, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal co-morbidities and adverse perinatal outcomes associated with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 2 178 954 singleton pregnancies at ≥20 weeks' gestation with and without CF in the state of California during the years 2005-2008. ICD-9 codes and linked hospital discharge and vital statistics data were utilized. Rates of maternal co-morbidities, fetal congenital anomalies and adverse perinatal outcomes were compared in those with CF and those without...
January 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Victoria M Fratto, Cande V Ananth, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
OBJECTIVE: We estimated risks of late preterm (LP, 34°(/7)-36(6/7) weeks) delivery and neonatal respiratory and non-respiratory morbidity in women with mild and severe hypertension, in both low-risk and high-risk (history of chronic hypertension, preeclampsia (PE), or insulin-dependent diabetes in current pregnancy) cohorts. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of two Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network randomized trials of aspirin to prevent PE. Women with non-anomalous singleton gestations delivered at ≥34 weeks were divided into three groups: normotensive, mild PE/gestational hypertension (GH), and severe PE/GH...
May 2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
Hirokazu Arai, Hatsushi Nakajima, Nao Ogino, Tomoo Ito, Ryoji Goto, Yurina Kameta, Natsuki Ono, Naoko Hosoya, Hiroyuki Sanada, Tsutomu Takahashi
This report describes the case of a very low-birth-weight male infant with neonatal lupus erythematosus. His mother had Sjögren's syndrome, and her previous child had suffered a complete heart block. Accordingly, maternal steroid (betamethasone) therapy was administered to prevent a congenital heart block for 15 weeks (from 13 to 27 weeks' gestation). At 28 weeks' gestation, the mother was weaned off the steroid therapy, and an emergency cesarean section was carried out at 29 weeks and 6 days' gestation because of a nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS)...
June 2, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Amanda Roman, Burton Rochelson, Pasquale Martinelli, Gabriele Saccone, Kemoy Harris, Noelia Zork, Melissa Spiel, Karen O'Brien, Ilia Calluzzo, Kristy Palomares, Todd Rosen, Vincenzo Berghella, Adiel Fleischer
BACKGROUND: Cervical dilation in the second trimester is associated with a greater than 90% rate of spontaneous preterm birth and a poor perinatal prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To compare the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies with dilated cervix in women who underwent either cerclage or expectant management. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of asymptomatic twin pregnancies identified with cervical dilation of ≥1 cm at 16-24 weeks (1997-2014) at 7 institutions...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hongyan Lu, Qiuxia Wang, Junyin Lu, Qiang Zhang, Pravesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify possible perinatal risk factors related to intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants born at 34 weeks of gestation or less following preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM). METHODS: A total of 292 preterm infants born at 34 weeks of gestation or less following pPROM were enrolled in the study, while 155 newborns with incomplete data, especially those that lack histological examination of the placenta, maternal details, and neonatal characteristics, have been further excluded...
April 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Tracy A Manuck, Madeline Murguia Rice, Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George R Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: Although preterm birth <37 weeks' gestation is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the United States, the majority of data regarding preterm neonatal outcomes come from older studies, and many reports have been limited to only very preterm neonates. Delineation of neonatal outcomes by delivery gestational age is needed to further clarify the continuum of mortality and morbidity frequencies among preterm neonates. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the contemporary frequencies of neonatal death, neonatal morbidities, and neonatal length of stay across the spectrum of preterm gestational ages...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yuka Sato, Keisuke Ishii, Tae Yokouchi, Takeshi Murakoshi, Kenji Kiyoshi, Soichiro Nakayama, Naoto Yonetani, Nobuaki Mitsuda
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the incidences of feto-fetal transfusion syndrome (FFTS) and perinatal outcomes in triplet gestations with monochorionic placentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the incidences of FFTS and perinatal outcomes at 28 days of age in cases of triplet gestations with monochorionic placentation who visited our centers before 16 weeks of gestation and delivered over a period of 11 years...
2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Elif Ozalkaya, Güner Karatekin, Sevilay Topcuoğlu, Tuğba Gürsoy, Fahri Ovalı
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between umbilical cord blood interleukin (IL)-6 concentration and preterm morbidity and mortality in premature infants born with fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). METHODS: This prospective, observational study included 84 preterm infants with a gestational age of 24-36 weeks who had been admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). FIRS was defined as umbilical cord blood IL-6 > 11 pg/mL...
September 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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