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Kidd system

Zheng Wang, Guanglin He, Tao Luo, Xueying Zhao, Jing Liu, Mengge Wang, Di Zhou, Xu Chen, Chengtao Li, Yiping Hou
The Tibeto-Burman language, one subfamily of the Sino-Tibetan languages, is spoken by over 60 million people all over East Asia. Yet the ethnic origin and genetic architecture of Tibeto-Burman speaking populations remain largely unexplored. In the present study, 169 Chinese individuals from Tibeto-Burman speaking populations (two ethnic groups: Tibetan and Yi) in four different geographic regions in western China were analyzed using the Precision ID Ancestry Panel (165 AISNPs) and the Ion PGM System. The performance and corresponding forensic statistical parameters of this AISNPs panel were investigated...
February 13, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Tania Pardo, Beatriz Rodríguez-Garrido, Ramez F Saad, Jose Luis Soto-Vázquez, Mariana Loureiro-Viñas, Ángeles Prieto-Fernández, Guillaume Echevarria, Emil Benizri, Petra S Kidd
Nickel (Ni) agromining of ultramafic soils has been proposed as an eco-friendly option for metal recovery, which can also improve the fertility and quality of these low productive soils. The selection of adequate plant species and the analysis of their performance under the different climatic conditions are of interest for optimising the process and evaluating its full viability. A one-year field experiment was carried out to evaluate the viability of the two Ni-hyperaccumulating Mediterranean species, Alyssum murale and Leptoplax emarginata, for agromining purposes in ultramafic soils under a humid-temperate climate...
February 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Sarah Kidd, Elizabeth Torrone, John Su, Hillard Weinstock
BACKGROUND: Recent increases in syphilis among men who have sex with men (MSM) are especially concerning, given the biologic and epidemiologic associations between syphilis and HIV infection. We sought to better describe the current epidemiology of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis and the prevalence of HIV infection among reported P&S syphilis cases by demographic group, including sex of sex partner, in the United States in 2016. METHODS: We reviewed national P&S syphilis case report data from 2016, including available risk factor information such as sex of sex partner and HIV status...
February 15, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Al Ross, Andrea Sherriff, Jamie Kidd, Wendy Gnich, Janet Anderson, Leigh Deas, Lorna Macpherson
BACKGROUND: All children attending General Dental Practice in Scotland are recommended to receive twice-yearly applications of sodium fluoride varnish to prevent childhood caries, yet application is variable. Development of complex interventions requires theorizing and modelling to understand context. This study applies the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) to produce a sociotechnical systems model and identify opportunities for intervention to support application. METHODS: The FRAM was used to synthesise data which were: routine monitoring of fluoride varnish application in 2015/16; a longitudinal survey with practitioners (n = 1090); in-depth practitioner and key informant interviews (n = 43); and a 'world café' workshop (n = 56)...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Trina Horn, Janis Hamilton, Joanne Kosanke, Virginia W Hare, Wendy Kluver, Wendy Beres, Sandra Nance, Margaret A Keller
For patients requiring multiple transfusions and patients with positive direct antiglobulin tests (DATs), an extended red blood cell (RBC) phenotype can provide valuable information and help to determine the risk of forming alloantibodies. In some instances, the phenotype may be used for prophylactic matching. Phenotyping in this patient population is often hindered by the presence of circulating donor cells and/or by a positive DAT. Several methods, such as EDTA glycine acid (EGA) treatment to remove IgG, hypotonic saline wash to separate autologous RBCs, or reticulocyte separation, are often used in these situations to isolate patient RBCs for serologic phenotyping...
December 2017: Immunohematology
Logan Myers, Hiran Perera, Michael G Alvarado, Thomas Kidd
The RET receptor tyrosine kinase is critical for the development of the enteric nervous system (ENS), acting as a receptor for Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (GDNF) via GFR co-receptors. Drosophila has a well-conserved RET homologue (Ret) that has been proposed to function independently of the Gfr-like co-receptor (Gfrl). We find that Ret is required for development of the stomatogastric (enteric) nervous system (SNS) in both embryos and larvae, and its loss results in feeding defects. Live imaging analysis suggests that peristaltic waves are initiated but not propagated in mutant midguts...
December 28, 2017: Development
Andrey R Klots, Benjamin Weintrub, Dhiraj Prasai, Daniel Kidd, Kalman Varga, Kirill A Velizhanin, Kirill I Bolotin
We report a combined theoretical/experimental study of dynamic screening of excitons in media with frequency-dependent dielectric functions. We develop an analytical model showing that interparticle interactions in an exciton are screened in the range of frequencies from zero to the characteristic binding energy depending on the symmetries and transition energies of that exciton. The problem of the dynamic screening is then reduced to simply solving the Schrodinger equation with an effectively frequency-independent potential...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vitor Mendonça Alves, Fernanda Bernadelli De Vito, Paulo Roberto Juliano Martins, Sheila Soares Silva, Lilian Castilho, Helio Moraes-Souza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The frequency of red blood cell (RBC) antigens in Brazil varies due to differences in the ethnic groups in different regions; however, these studies have not been performed in Minas Gerais, where African admixture is more prevalent in comparison with other states. Due to these facts, this study aimed to determine the frequency of RBC genotypes on Rh, Kell, Duffy and Kidd systems in blood donors and multi-transfused patients from Minas Gerais, Southeast Brazil...
December 16, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Evan Kidd, Seamus Donnelly, Morten H Christiansen
Humans differ in innumerable ways, with considerable variation observable at every level of description, from the molecular to the social. Traditionally, linguistic and psycholinguistic theory has downplayed the possibility of meaningful differences in language across individuals. However, it is becoming increasingly evident that there is significant variation among speakers at any age as well as across the lifespan. Here, we review recent research in psycholinguistics, and argue that a focus on individual differences (IDs) provides a crucial source of evidence that bears strongly upon core issues in theories of the acquisition and processing of language; specifically, the role of experience in language acquisition, processing, and attainment, and the architecture of the language system...
December 22, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Sheng Chen, April Collins, Kelly Anderson, Kwame McKenzie, Sean Kidd
OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia and associated illnesses account for a large proportion of mental illness burden and health care expenditures, with the majority of expense involving inpatient care. To date, the literature exploring factors associated with length of stay (LOS) and functional improvement during inpatient care is underdeveloped. In response, this study examined the association between patient characteristics, LOS, and functional improvement using Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS) data from 2005 to 2015...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Tiago Verri Capriolli, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer, Ana Maria Sell
BACKGROUND: The Kidd blood group system has three antigens, Jka , Jkb and Jk3, found on red blood cells and on endothelial cells of the inner lining of blood vessels in the renal medulla. These are known as urea transporter B (UT-B). Researchers have found that individuals carrying the Jk(a-b-) or Jk-null (UT-B null) phenotypes have a lower urine-concentrating capability and risk of severe renal impairment. This study evaluated the distribution of the Kidd phenotypes in patients with chronic kidney disease and a possible association of Kidd antigens with the development of renal disease...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Melca Maria Oliveira Barros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Eva K Fenwick, Alfred Tau Liang Gan, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Preeti Gupta, Amudha Aravindhan, Tien Yin Wong, Gavin Siew Wei Tan, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: A patient’s perceived barriers to diabetes self-management (DSM) may affect his or her risk of diabetic retinopathy (DR); however, few studies have examined this association. Objective: To examine the association between perceived barriers to DSM and the severity spectrum of DR in Asian patients with type 2 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional clinic-based study, the Singapore Diabetes Management Project, was conducted from December 28, 2010, to March 20, 2013, at the Singapore National Eye Centre, a tertiary eye care institute...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Russell Dawe, Andrea Pike, Monica Kidd, Praseedha Janakiram, Eileen Nicolle, Jill Allison
Introduction: Global health addresses health inequities in the care of underserved populations, both domestic and international. Given that health systems with a strong primary care foundation are the most equitable, effective and efficient, family medicine is uniquely positioned to engage in global health. However, there are no nationally recognized standards in Canada for postgraduate family medicine training in global health. Objective: To generate consensus on the essential components of a Global Health/Health Equity Enhanced Skills Program in family medicine...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
Simona C Kwon, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Karen Wauchope, Nadia S Islam, Judith Fifield, Patricia Kidd Arlotta, Hee Won Han, Eliza Ng
Comprehensive and innovative strategies are needed to address and manage chronic diseases and conditions and to reduce health disparities. EmblemHealth Neighborhood Care (EHNC) sites provide community-based linkages across payers, health providers, and delivery systems and underserved communities using culturally sensitive methods tailored to meet the needs of the community. This article describes this novel initiative and early indicators of its feasibility. Three EHNC sites were established in New York City: Harlem, Cambria Heights, and Chinatown...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
A Caesar, S Meyer, N Trost, K Neuenschwander, C Geisen, B M Frey, C Gassner, P Schwind
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A lateral flow assay for simultaneous blood group typing of ABO, RhD, C, E, c, e, Cw and K with stable end-point and without centrifugation is in routine use since several years (MDmulticard® ). The typing of extended phenotype parameters belonging to the Duffy, Kidd, MNSs blood group systems and others, however, has not yet been demonstrated for this technique. Reliable detection of Fyx , a weak Fyb phenotype with a pronounced quantitative reduction of the number of Fyb antigens on the erythrocyte surface, remains a weakness of current serological blood grouping techniques...
October 16, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
Wendy L Disbro
Daratumumab (DARA), a drug used to treat patients with multiple myeloma, causes interference in pre-transfusion testing. Samples from patients receiving DARA exhibit panreactivity in antibody detection and identification tests with red blood cells (RBCs). Many hospitals are sending these samples to reference laboratories. Dithiothreitol (DTT), a sulfhydryl chemical treatment of RBCs, negates this reactivity. This study investigated the stability of the antigens on DTT-treated RBCs to determine if large quantities of RBCs could be treated at one time, stored, and used for testing at a later time...
September 2017: Immunohematology
Rohini Venkataraman, Kamran Yusuf
Hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN) is a condition that develops in a fetus, when the IgG molecules produced by the mother pass through the placenta and attack the fetal red blood cells. HDN can occur due to Rh and ABO incompatibilities between the mother and the fetus as well as due to other allo-immune antibodies belonging to Kell (K and k), Duffy (Fya), Kidd (Jka and Jkb), and MNS (M, N, S, and s) systems. Role of intravenous immunoglobulin in management of HDN is not clear.SARA red blood cell antigen, first discovered in 1990 is a low frequency antigen...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Brian A Kidd
Technical advances in single-cell sequencing data and their application to greater samples is revealing substantial cell-to-cell variation in expression levels and propagation of this variation between molecules across cells. New quantitative approaches that apply mechanistic and statistical models in a systems-wide approach are illuminating the drivers of phenotypic diversity.
July 31, 2017: Trends in Immunology
Mun Keong Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Reza Zamani, Nils Hansen-Algenstaedt
PURPOSE: This study analysed the accuracy and safety of the fluoroscopic guided percutaneous screws in the upper thoracic vertebrae (T1-T6). METHODS: Computed tomography scans from 74 patients were retrospectively evaluated between January 2008 and December 2012. Pedicle perforations were classified by two types of grading systems. For medial, lateral, superior and inferior perforations: grade 0 - no violation; grade 1 - <2 mm; grade 2 - 2-4 mm and grade 3 - >4 mm...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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