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Duffy system

Hélène Quach, Maxime Rotival, Julien Pothlichet, Yong-Hwee Eddie Loh, Michael Dannemann, Nora Zidane, Guillaume Laval, Etienne Patin, Christine Harmant, Marie Lopez, Matthieu Deschamps, Nadia Naffakh, Darragh Duffy, Anja Coen, Geert Leroux-Roels, Frederic Clément, Anne Boland, Jean-François Deleuze, Janet Kelso, Matthew L Albert, Lluis Quintana-Murci
Humans differ in the outcome that follows exposure to life-threatening pathogens, yet the extent of population differences in immune responses and their genetic and evolutionary determinants remain undefined. Here, we characterized, using RNA sequencing, the transcriptional response of primary monocytes from Africans and Europeans to bacterial and viral stimuli-ligands activating Toll-like receptor pathways (TLR1/2, TLR4, and TLR7/8) and influenza virus-and mapped expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs)...
October 20, 2016: Cell
Stephen W Duffy, Jonathan P Myles, Roberta Maroni, Abeera Mohammad
OBJECTIVE: Screening participation is spread differently across populations, according to factors such as ethnicity or socioeconomic status. We here review the current evidence on effects of interventions to improve cancer screening participation, focussing in particular on effects in underserved populations. METHODS: We selected studies to review based on their characteristics: focussing on population screening programmes, showing a quantitative estimate of the effect of the intervention, and published since 1990...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Screening
Barbara H Bardenheier, Jonathan Duffy, Susan K Duderstadt, Jay B Higgs, Michael P Keith, Patricia J Papadopoulos, William R Gilliland, Michael M McNeil
U.S. military personnel assigned to areas deemed to be at high risk for anthrax attack receive Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA). Few cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been reported in persons who received AVA. Using a matched case-control study design, we assessed the relationship of RA and SLE with AVA vaccination using the Defense Medical Surveillance System. We identified potential cases using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes and confirmed cases with medical record review and rheumatologist adjudication...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Merel van Elk, Bruce P Murphy, Tatiane Eufrásio-da-Silva, Daniel P O'Reilly, Tina Vermonden, Wim E Hennink, Garry P Duffy, Eduardo Ruiz-Hernández
The development of nanomedicines for the treatment of cancer focuses on the local targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to enhance drug efficacy and reduce adverse effects. The nanomedicines which are currently approved for clinical use are mainly successful in terms of improved bioavailability and tolerability but do not necessarily increase drug performance. Therefore, there is a need for improved drug carrier systems which are able to deliver high doses of anti-cancer drugs to the tumor. Stimuli responsive carriers are promising candidates since drug release can be triggered locally in the tumor via internal (i...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Samuel S Duffy, Chamini J Perera, Preet G S Makker, Justin G Lees, Pascal Carrive, Gila Moalem-Taylor
Pain is a widespread and debilitating symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Although central neuroinflammation and demyelination have been implicated in MS-related pain, the contribution of peripheral and central mechanisms during different phases of the disease remains unclear. In this study, we used the animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) to examine both stimulus-evoked and spontaneous pain behaviors, and neuroinflammatory changes, over the course of chronic disease...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Krzysztof Mikołajczyk, Radosław Kaczmarek, Marcin Czerwiński
Transcription factor EKLF (Erythroid Krüppel-Like Factor) belongs to the group of Krüppellike factors, which regulate proliferation, differentiation, development and apoptosis of mammalian cells. EKLF factor is present in erythroid cells, where it participates in regulation of hematopoiesis, expression of genes encoding transmembrane proteins (including blood group antigens), and heme biosynthesis enzymes. It is also a key factor in downregulation of γ-globins and activation of β-globin gene expression...
October 6, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Edward H Ntege, Nobuko Arisue, Daisuke Ito, Tomoyuki Hasegawa, Nirianne M Q Palacpac, Thomas G Egwang, Toshihiro Horii, Eizo Takashima, Takafumi Tsuboi
Genetic variability in Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites hampers current malaria vaccine development efforts. Here, we hypothesize that to address the impact of genetic variability on vaccine efficacy in clinical trials, conserved antigen targets should be selected to achieve robust host immunity across multiple falciparum strains. Therefore, suitable vaccine antigens should be assessed for levels of polymorphism and genetic diversity. Using a total of one hundred and two clinical isolates from a region of high malaria transmission in Uganda, we analyzed extent of polymorphism and genetic diversity in four recently reported novel blood-stage malaria vaccine candidate proteins: Rh5 interacting protein (PfRipr), GPI anchored micronemal antigen (PfGAMA), rhoptry-associated leucine zipper-like protein 1 (PfRALP1) and Duffy binding-like merozoite surface protein 1 (PfMSPDBL1)...
September 28, 2016: Vaccine
Sonia A Duffy, David L Ronis, Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez, Lee A Ewing, Stephanie V Hall, James J Yang, Patricia L Thomas, Christine M Olree, Kimberly A Maguire, Lisa Friedman, Donna Gray, Neil Jordan
INTRODUCTION: This study determined the effectiveness of the Tobacco Tactics intervention. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: This was a pragmatic, quasi-experimental study conducted from 2010 to 2013 and analyzed from 2014 to 2015 in five Michigan community hospitals; three received the Tobacco Tactics intervention, and two received usual care. Smokers (N=1,528) were identified during hospitalization, and sent surveys and cotinine tests after 6 months. Changes in pre- to post-intervention quit rates in the intervention sites were compared with usual care control sites...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sean McMahon, Robert Kennedy, Patrick Duffy, Jeddah Marie Vasquez, J Gerard Wall, Hongyun Tai, Wenxin Wang
A multifunctional branched copolymer was synthesized by Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer polymerization (RAFT) of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA Mn = 575) and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl methacrylate (PEGMEMA Mn = 500) at a feed molar ratio of 50:50. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H NMR) confirmed a hyperbranched molecular structure and a high degree of vinyl functionality. An in situ cross-linkable hydrogel system was generated via a "click" thiol-ene-type Michael addition reaction of vinyl functional groups from this PEGDA/PEGMEMA copolymer system in combination with thiol-modified hyaluronic acid...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alejandra Urrutia, Darragh Duffy, Vincent Rouilly, Céline Posseme, Raouf Djebali, Gabriel Illanes, Valentina Libri, Benoit Albaud, David Gentien, Barbara Piasecka, Milena Hasan, Magnus Fontes, Lluis Quintana-Murci, Matthew L Albert
Systems approaches for the study of immune signaling pathways have been traditionally based on purified cells or cultured lines. However, in vivo responses involve the coordinated action of multiple cell types, which interact to establish an inflammatory microenvironment. We employed standardized whole-blood stimulation systems to test the hypothesis that responses to Toll-like receptor ligands or whole microbes can be defined by the transcriptional signatures of key cytokines. We found 44 genes, identified using Support Vector Machine learning, that captured the diversity of complex innate immune responses with improved segregation between distinct stimuli...
September 6, 2016: Cell Reports
Joana Maira Valentini Zacarias, Ieda Bernadete Volkweis Langer, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer, Ana Maria Sell
The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of alleles and genotypes of the blood group systems Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Diego in 251 regular blood donors registered in the hemotherapy unit of the Southwestern region of Paraná, Southern Brazil. The frequencies were obtained by direct counting on a spreadsheet program and statistical analyses were conducted in order to compare them with other Brazilian populations using chi-squared with Yates correction on OpenEpi software. The frequencies of RHD* negative, RHCE*c/c and RHCE*e/e were higher than expected for the Caucasian population...
August 5, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Benjamin Garcia-Bloj, Colette Moses, Agustin Sgro, Janice Plani-Lam, Mahira Arooj, Ciara Duffy, Shreyas Thiruvengadam, Anabel Sorolla, Rabab Rashwan, Ricardo L Mancera, Andrea Leisewitz, Theresa Swift-Scanlan, Alejandro H Corvalan, Pilar Blancafort
The aberrant epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) plays a major role during carcinogenesis and regaining these dormant functions by engineering of sequence-specific epigenome editing tools offers a unique opportunity for targeted therapies. However, effectively normalizing the expression and regaining tumor suppressive functions of silenced TSGs by artificial transcription factors (ATFs) still remains a major challenge. Herein we describe novel combinatorial strategies for the potent reactivation of two class II TSGs, MASPIN and REPRIMO, in cell lines with varying epigenetic states, using the CRISPR/dCas9 associated system linked to a panel of effector domains (VP64, p300, VPR and SAM complex), as well as with protein-based ATFs, Zinc Fingers and TALEs...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Daiane Cobianchi Costa, Alessandra Arruda Schinaider, Thais Mattos Santos, Everaldo José Schörner, Daniel Simon, Sharbel Weidner Maluf, Ana Carolina Rabello de Moraes, Maria Claudia Silva Silva
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell genes are highly polymorphic with the distribution of alleles varying between different populations and ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to investigate gene polymorphisms of blood groups in the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-three unrelated blood donors and 31 transfusion-dependent patients were evaluated to investigate polymorphisms of the Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Diego blood group systems in a population from the state of Santa Catarina...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Michael J Duffy, Norma O'Donovan, Enda McDermott, John Crown
Recent DNA sequencing and gene expression studies have shown that at a molecular level, almost every case of breast cancer is unique and different from other breast cancers. For optimum management therefore, every patient should receive treatment that is guided by the molecular composition of their tumor, i.e., precision treatment. While such a scenario is still some distance into the future, biomarkers are beginning to play an important role in preparing the way for precision treatment. In particular, biomarkers are increasingly being used for predicting patient outcome and informing as to the most appropriate type of systemic therapy to be administered...
October 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Rebecca Barron, Elena Kapilevich, Susan Duffy, Alyson J McGregor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Burak Erem, Damon E Hyde, Jurriaan M Peters, Frank H Duffy, Simon K Warfield
We propose an algorithm for electrical source imaging of epileptic discharges that takes a data-driven approach to regularizing the dynamics of solutions. The method is based on linear system identification on short time segments, combined with a classical inverse solution approach. Whereas ensemble averaging of segments or epochs discards inter-segment variations by averaging across them, our approach explicitly models them. Indeed, it may even be possible to avoid the need for the time-consuming process of marking epochs containing discharges altogether...
July 27, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Aejaz Sayeed, Huimin Lu, Qin Liu, David Deming Ii, Alexander Duffy, Peter McCue, Adam P Dicker, Roger J Davis, Dmitry Gabrilovich, Ulrich Rodeck, Dario C Altieri, Lucia R Languino
Radiation therapy is an effective cancer treatment modality although tumors invariably become resistant. Using the transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) model system, we report that a hypofractionated radiation schedule (10 Gy/day for 5 consecutive days) effectively blocks prostate tumor growth in wild type (β1wt /TRAMP) mice as well as in mice carrying a conditional ablation of β1 integrins in the prostatic epithelium (β1pc-/- /TRAMP). Since JNK is known to be suppressed by β1 integrins and mediates radiation-induced apoptosis, we tested the effect of SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) in the TRAMP model system...
July 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Edwin A Burgstaler, Kimberly J Duffy, Manish J Gandhi
BACKGROUND: We compared three instruments for double red blood cell (DRBC) collection to efficiently optimize our RBC inventory. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Instruments compared were the TerumoBCT Trima Accel (Trima), the Fenwal Alyx (Alyx), and the Haemonetics MCS+ 8150 (MCS+). Forty consecutive collections (80 products) per instrument were evaluated for hemoglobin (Hb) content, leukoreduction, collection time, instrument efficiency, donor acceptance, and reactions...
September 2016: Transfusion
Leïla Perié, Ken R Duffy
The dynamic process by which self-renewing stem cells and their offspring proliferate and differentiate to create the erythroid, myeloid and lymphoid lineages of the blood system has long since been an important topic of study. A range of recent single cell and family-tracing methodologies such as massively parallel single-cell RNA-sequencing, mass cytometry, integration site barcoding, cellular barcoding and transposon barcoding are enabling unprecedented analysis, dissection and re-evaluation of the hematopoietic tree...
July 12, 2016: FEBS Letters
Tom S Weber, Mark Dukes, Denise C Miles, Stefan P Glaser, Shalin H Naik, Ken R Duffy
BACKGROUND: Cellular barcoding is a recently developed biotechnology tool that enables the familial identification of progeny of individual cells in vivo. In immunology, it has been used to track the burst-sizes of multiple distinct responding T cells over several adaptive immune responses. In the study of hematopoiesis, it revealed fate heterogeneity amongst phenotypically identical multipotent cells. Most existing approaches rely on ex vivo viral transduction of cells with barcodes followed by adoptive transfer into an animal, which works well for some systems, but precludes barcoding cells in their native environment such as those inside solid tissues...
June 30, 2016: BMC Systems Biology
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