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Rh system

Ahmad B Albadarin, Catherine B Potter, Mark Davis, Javed Iqbal, Sachin Korde, Sudhir Pagire, Anant Paradkar, Gavin Walker
The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel combination of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate (HPMCP-HP-50) and Soluplus(®) polymers for enhanced physicochemical stability and solubility of the produced amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs). This was achieved using hot melt extrusion (HME) to convert the crystalline active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) into a more soluble amorphous form within the ternary systems. Itraconazole (ITZ), a Biopharmaceutics Classification System class II (BCS II) API, was utilized as the model drug...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Shen Wang, Haipeng Lin, Tiantian Zhao, Sisi Huang, David G Fernig, Nuo Xu, Fenfang Wu, Mi Zhou, Chao Jiang, Haishan Tian
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 9 has oncogenic activity and plays an important role in the development of ovarian, lung, prostate, and gastric cancers. In the present study, with the aim of reducing the cost of utilizing growth factors in cancer research, a simple and efficient method for the preparation of recombinant human (rh)FGF9 in Escherichia coli was established. The rhFGF9 fusion protein (6 × His-TEV-rhFGF9) and the native protein released by tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease were obtained using a Ni-NTA system, with > 95% purity...
September 18, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jin Qian, Houjun Meng, Lei Xin, Mengxin Xia, Hongyi Shen, Guowen Li, Yan Xie
Despite various pharmacological effects, myricetin (Myr) shows low oral bioavailability (<10%) due to its poor solubility, which limits its applications. To address this problem, self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS) were developed by investigating the solubility of Myr in various excipients, constructing pseudo-ternary phase diagrams, and optimizing based on droplet size and emulsification efficacy after drug loading. The obtained Myr-SNEDDS were F04 (Capryol 90/Cremophor RH 40/PEG 400 4:3:3), F08 (Capryol 90/CremophorRH40/1,2-propanediol 4:3:3), F13 (Capryol 90/Cremophor EL/Transcutol HP 4:3:3) and F15 (Capryol 90/Cremephor RH 40/Transcutol HP 2:7:1), with droplet sizes less than 200nm...
September 7, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Xiao-Min Shi, Feng-Min Wu, Bo Jing, Na Wang, Lin-Lin Xu, Shu-Feng Pang, Yun-Hong Zhang
In this research, we applied a pulsed RH controlling system and a rapid scan vacuum FTIR spectrometer (PRHCS-RSVFTIR) to investigate hygroscopicity of internally mixed (NH4)2SO4(AS)/citric acid (CA) particles. The water content and efflorescence ratio of AS in the particles and ambient relative humidity (RH) as a function of time were obtained with a subsecond time resolution. The hygroscopic behavior of AS aerosols in two different RH control processes (equilibrium and RH pulsed processes) showed that AS droplets crystallize with RH ranging from 42% to 26...
September 9, 2017: Chemosphere
Rahul Tiwari, Vibhuti Dubey, Karthikeyan Kesavan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDS) for ophthalmic delivery of Prednisolone (PDN) to treat uveitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were developed, and various SMEDDS were prepared using Linoleic acid as oil, Cremophore RH 40 as a surfactant, and propylene glycol as a co-surfactant. Physicochemical parameters (globule size, zeta potential, viscosity, and pH) and in vitro release of SMEDDS were studied...
September 14, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Indre Thiel, Moritz Horstmann, Phillip Jungk, Sonja Keller, Fabian Fischer, Hans-Joachim Drexler, Detlef Heller, Marko Hapke
The generation of highly active chiral catalysts at mild temperatures for [2+2+2] cycloaddition reactions is a requirement for high conversions as well as selectivities with selected examples giving up to 96% ee in single cases. We herein report a detailed study on the generation of [Rh(diphosphine)(solvent)]+ complexes as catalysts for cyclotrimerizations, with single examples applying the ((Sc,Rp)-Duanphos) ligand giving up to 96% ee selectivity in single cases. Novel ammonia complexes of the type [Rh(diphosphine)(NH3)2]+ were also successfully tested for the generation of the highly reactive solvent complexes...
September 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Youwei Xu, Xukai Zhou, Guangfan Zheng, Xingwei Li
Sulfoxonium ylides act as an efficient carbene precursor in rhodium(III)-catalyzed C-H acylmethlyation of a variety of arenes assisted by different chelating groups, and both aryl- and alkyl-substituted β-carbonyl sulfoxonium ylides are applicable. The system proceeded under redox-neutral conditions with a broad scope, high efficiency, and functional group tolerance.
September 13, 2017: Organic Letters
Sebastian Koslowski, Daniel Rosenblatt, Alexander Kabakchiev, Klaus Kuhnke, Klaus Kern, Uta Schlickum
With the increasing use of thin dielectric decoupling layers to study the electronic properties of organic molecules on metal surfaces, comparative studies are needed in order to generalize findings and formulate practical rules. In this paper we study the adsorption and electronic properties of pentacene deposited onto h-BN/Rh(111) and compare them with those of pentacene deposited onto KCl on various metal surfaces. When deposited onto KCl, the HOMO and LUMO energies of the pentacene molecules scale with the work functions of the combined KCl/metal surface...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Sasa Lukic, Jasper Menze, Philipp Weide, Wilma Busser, Markus Winterer, Martin Muhler
Chemical vapor synthesis (CVS) is a unique method to prepare well-defined photocatalyst materials with both large specific surface area and a high degree of crystallinity. The obtained β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles were optimized for photocatalysis by reductive photodeposition of the Rh/CrOx cocatalyst system. The influence of the degree of crystallinity and the specific surface area on photocatalytic aqueous methanol reforming and overall water splitting (OWS) was investigated by synthesizing β-Ga2O3 samples in the temperature range from 1000˚C to 1500˚C...
September 11, 2017: ChemSusChem
Patrick Page, Andre Ganswindt, Johan Schoeman, Gert Venter, Alan Guthrie
BACKGROUND: African horse sickness (AHS) is of importance to health and international trade in horses worldwide. During export from and transit through AHS endemic countries or zones, physical and chemical measures to protect horses from the vectors of AHS virus (AHSV) are recommended by the World Organization for Animal Health. Protection of containerized air transport systems for horses (jet stalls) with alphacypermethrin insecticide-treated high density polyethylene mesh is effective in reducing the Culicoides midge vector attack rate...
September 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
C Rodrigues, A M Sell, G A S Guelsin, T T Higa, S Pagliarini E Silva, L C Macedo, E Â Sippert, J B de Alencar, Â Zanette, C R L Acorsi, L Castilho, J E L Visentainer
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunisation is an event that may occur due to factors such as numerous blood transfusions, age, gender and genetic factors such as human leukocyte antigen (HLA). AIMS/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the possibility of alloimmunisation to red blood cell group antigens associated with the HLA of individuals and to relate alloimmunisation to risk factors. METHODS: A total of 172 polytransfused patients with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) (44 alloimmunised, 128 non-alloimmunised) participated in this study...
September 7, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
Christian Luebbert, Gabriele Sadowski
Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) are often dissolved in polymeric matrices to control the gastrointestinal dissolution and to stabilize the amorphous state of the API. During the pharmaceutical development of new formulations, stability studies via storage at certain temperature and relative humidity (RH) have to be carried out to verify the long-term thermodynamic stability of these formulations against unwanted recrystallization and moisture-induced amorphous-amorphous phase separation (MIAPS). This study focuses on predicting the MIAPS of API/polymer formulations at elevated RH...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Chuanwang Miao, Wei Zhao, Shuanghu Yuan, Jinming Yu, Shuqiang Zhao, Li Ma, Dexian Zhang, Xudong Hu
BACKGROUND: Gliomas are rich in blood vessels and are the most primary and malignant type of brain tumor affecting the central nervous system. A few fluorine-18 (F)-labeled imaging agents can be used for imaging of tumor angiogenesis. In the current study, F-labeled recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) was developed and evaluated as a probe for PET imaging of tumor angiogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: F-fluorobenzoyl-endostatin (F-FB-endostatin) was synthesized from radiolabeling of rh-endostatin with N-succinimidyl-4-F-fluorobenzoate produced by a facile module-assisted radiosynthesis procedure...
August 31, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
R Venkataraman, K Yusuf
Hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN) is a condition that develops in a fetus, when the IgG molecules produced by the mother pass through the placenta and attack the fetal red blood cells. HDN can occur due to Rh and ABO incompatibilities between the mother and the fetus as well as due to other allo-immune antibodies belonging to Kell (K and k), Duffy (Fya), Kidd (Jka and Jkb), and MNS (M, N, S, and s) systems. Role of intravenous immunoglobulin in management of HDN is not clear.SARA red blood cell antigen, first discovered in 1990 is a low frequency antigen...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Shingo Fujio, Hirofumi Hirano, Mami Yamashita, Satoshi Usui, Yasuyuki Kinoshita, Atsushi Tominaga, Tomoko Hanada, Hitoshi Yamahata, Hiroshi Tokimura, Ryosuke Hanaya, Kaoru Kurisu, Kazunori Arita
Given the anatomical proximity of tuberculum sellae meningioma (TSM) to the hypothalamo-pituitary system, pituitary function impairments are of great concern. We retrospectively investigated pituitary function changes following surgery in patients with TSM using pituitary provocation tests (PPTs). Thirty-one patients (27 females and 4 males) with TSM underwent initial transcranial surgery (29 patients) or transsphenoidal surgery (two patients); surgeries were performed carefully to avoid injuring the pituitary stalk...
August 25, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Iman Fathy Abou-El-Naga, Eman Dorry El Kerdany, Rasha Fadly Mady, Thanaa Ibrahim Shalaby, Enas Mohammed Zaytoun
A marked reduction has been achieved in the incidence and clinical course of toxoplasmic encephalitis after the introduction of protease inhibitors within the treatment regimen of HIV (HIV-PIs). This work was undertaken to study for the first time, the efficacy of HIV-PIs, lopinavir/ritonavir (L/R), as a therapeutic agent in acute experimental toxoplasmosis. Lopinavir/ritonavir (L/R) were used in the same ratio present in aluvia, a known HIV-PIs drug used in the developing countries in the treatment regimens of AID's patient...
August 21, 2017: Parasitology International
Barry J Byrne, Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Bruce A Barshop, Richard Barohn, Derralynn Hughes, Drago Bratkovic, Claude Desnuelle, Pascal Laforet, Eugen Mengel, Mark Roberts, Peter Haroldsen, Kristin Reilley, Kala Jayaram, Ke Yang, Liron Walsh
BACKGROUND: Late-onset Pompe disease is a rare genetic neuromuscular disorder caused by lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency that ultimately results in mobility loss and respiratory failure. Current enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant human (rh)GAA has demonstrated efficacy in subjects with late-onset Pompe disease. However, long-term effects of rhGAA on pulmonary function have not been observed, likely related to inefficient delivery of rhGAA to skeletal muscle lysosomes and associated deficits in the central nervous system...
August 24, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Òscar Torres, Miquel Solà, Anna Roglans, Anna Pla-Quintana
A Rh(I)/(S)-BINAP catalytic system is able to promote carbene alkyne metathesis and cascade this elemental step with an stereoselective reaction with allenes. An unusual carbene/allene reactivity is discovered that, through a formal addition of p-toluenesulfinic acid to a Rh-bound trimethylenemethane intermediate, affords 4-methylenetetrahydropyran compounds in good yields and excellent enantioselectivities.
August 31, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Gaël Tran, Danielle Confair, Kevin D Hesp, Vincent Mascitti, Jonathan A Ellman
Herein, we report a Rh(I)/bisphosphine/K3PO4 catalytic system allowing for the first time the selective branched C-H alkylation of benzimidazoles with Michael acceptors. Branched alkylation with N,N-dimethyl acrylamide was successfully applied to the alkylation of a broad range of benzimidazoles incorporating a variety of N-substituents and with both electron-rich and -poor functionality displayed at different sites of the arene. Moreover, the introduction of a quaternary carbon was achieved by alkylation with ethyl methacrylate...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Chin-Wei Wang, J W Lin, C S Lue, H F Liu, C N Kuo, Richard Mole, Jason S Gardner
Specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and neutron scattering have been used to investigate the nature of the spin system in the antiferromagnet, Nd<sub>3</sub>Co<sub>4</sub>Sn<sub>13</sub>. At room temperature Nd<sub>3</sub>Co<sub>4</sub>Sn<sub>13</sub> has the cubic, <i>Pm-3n</i> structure of Yb<sub>3</sub>Rh<sub>4</sub>Sn<sub>13</sub>. Antiferromagnetic interactions between, Nd<sup>3+</sup> ions dominate the magnetic character of this sample and at 2...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
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