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Rh system

I Tsintsadze, T Gorgoshadze, S Donskov, L Akhvlediani, M Nagervadze
The distribution of erythrocyte blood group antigens was evaluated among 656 donors; samples were provided by the diagnostic laboratory "Medina" Ltd Health Centre of Batumi. Lab analysis of the sample was conducted by the immunogenetics laboratory at Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. The frequency of the ABO allele system in donors was as follows: r (0.70), q (0.23), p (0.07). The distribution of Rhesus (Rh) factor in the donor population was as follows: Rh(-) was found among 16.3±1.43% of investigated donors; the Rh(+) phenotype was found in 83...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
Isaac Choi, Hyunho Chung, Jang Won Park, Young Keun Chung
A cobalt-rhodium heterobimetallic nanoparticle-catalyzed reductive cyclization of 2-(2-nitroaryl)acetonitriles to indoles has been achieved. The tandem reaction proceeds without any additives under the mild conditions (1 atm H2 and 25 °C). This procedure could be scaled up to the gram scale. The catalytic system is significantly stable under these reaction conditions and could be reused more than ten times without loss of catalytic activity.
October 20, 2016: Organic Letters
András Gyenis, Eduardo H da Silva Neto, Ronny Sutarto, Enrico Schierle, Feizhou He, Eugen Weschke, Mariam Kavai, Ryan E Baumbach, Joe D Thompson, Eric D Bauer, Zachary Fisk, Andrea Damascelli, Ali Yazdani, Pegor Aynajian
Resonant x-ray scattering (RXS) has recently become an increasingly important tool for the study of ordering phenomena in correlated electron systems. Yet, the interpretation of RXS experiments remains theoretically challenging because of the complexity of the RXS cross section. Central to this debate is the recent proposal that impurity-induced Friedel oscillations, akin to quasi-particle interference signals observed with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM), can lead to scattering peaks in RXS experiments...
October 2016: Science Advances
Munemasa Teramoto, Naishen Liang, Masahiro Takagi, Jiye Zeng, John Grace
To examine global warming's effect on soil organic carbon (SOC) decomposition in Asian monsoon forests, we conducted a soil warming experiment with a multichannel automated chamber system in a 55-year-old warm-temperate evergreen broadleaved forest in southern Japan. We established three treatments: control chambers for total soil respiration, trenched chambers for heterotrophic respiration (Rh), and warmed trenched chambers to examine warming effect on Rh. The soil was warmed with an infrared heater above each chamber to increase soil temperature at 5 cm depth by about 2...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Somayeh Bahrami, Ali Shahriari, Mehdi Tavalla, Somayeh Azadmanesh, Hossein Hamidinejat
Toxoplasmosis is a common parasitic infection in the world. Since increased free radicals and oxidative stress are reported in many parasitic diseases the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the oxidative stress in acute and chronic toxoplasmosis. RH strains of Toxoplasma tachyzoites were used in the present study. Twenty-five female rats were infected with the parasite while 25 other rats were as the control group that received normal saline. Zero-, 5-, 7-, 10-, and 45-day postinfection (DPI) blood samples were taken...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Xiu-Zhen Li, Lin Lv, Xu Zhang, Kenneth Yongabi Anchang, Auwalu Yusuf Abdullahi, Liqing Tu, Xiaohu Wang, Lijun Xia, Xiu-Xiang Zhang, Weili Feng, Chunxia Lu, Shoujun Li, Zi-Guo Yuan
We previously demonstrated that the survival time of BALB/c mice challenged with Toxoplasma gondii RH strain was prolonged by immunising the mice with a eukaryotic vector expressing the protein ROP16 of T. gondii. Building upon previous findings, we are exploring improved vaccination strategies to enhance protection. In this work, a novel recombinant canine adenovirus type 2 expressing ROP16 (CAV-2-ROP16) of T. gondii was constructed and identified to express ROP16 in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK) cells by western blot (WB) and indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) assays...
October 11, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Laurent Piccolo, Z Y Li, Ilker Demiroglu, Florian Moyon, Zere Konuspayeva, Gilles Berhault, Pavel Afanasiev, Williams Lefebvre, Jun Yuan, Roy L Johnston
Heterogeneous catalysis, which is widely used in the chemical industry, makes a great use of supported late-transition-metal nanoparticles, and bimetallic catalysts often show superior catalytic performances as compared to their single metal counterparts. In order to optimize catalyst efficiency and discover new active combinations, an atomic-level understanding and control of the catalyst structure is desirable. In this work, the structure of catalytically active AuRh bimetallic nanoparticles prepared by colloidal methods and immobilized on rutile titania nanorods was investigated using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Milan M Milutinović, Jovana V Bogojeski, Olivera Klisurić, Andreas Scheurer, Sofi K C Elmroth, Živadin D Bugarčić
A novel rhodium(iii) complex [Rh(III)(H2L(tBu))Cl3] (1) (H2L(tBu) = 2,6-bis(5-tert-butyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine) containing a pincer type, tridentate nitrogen-donor chelate system was synthesized. Single crystal X-ray structure analysis revealed that 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn with a = 20.7982(6), b = 10.8952(4), c = 10.9832(4) Å, V = 2488.80(15) Å(3), and eight molecules in the unit cell. The rhodium center in the complex [Rh(III)(H2L(tBu))Cl3] (1) is coordinated in a slightly distorted octahedral geometry by the tridentate N,N,N-donor and three chloro ligands, adopting a mer arrangement with an essentially planar ligand skeleton...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Amaia Iturmendi, Pablo J Sanz Miguel, Saheed A Popoola, Abdulaziz A Al-Saadi, Manuel Iglesias, Luis A Oro
A variety of binuclear rhodium(i) complexes featuring two bridging dimethylphosphinate ligands ((CH3)2PO2(-)) have been prepared and tested in the alkoxycarbonylation of aromatic C-H bonds. The complex [Rh(μ-κO,O'-(CH3)2PO2)(cod)]2 has been prepared by a reaction of [Rh(μ-MeO)(cod)]2 with 2 equivalents of dimethylphosphinic acid. Binuclear complexes [Rh(μ-κO,O'-(CH3)2PO2)(CO)L]2 (L = PPh3, P(OMe)Ph2 and P(OPh)3) were obtained by carbonylation of the related mononuclear complexes [Rh(κO-(CH3)2PO2)(cod)(L)], which were prepared in situ by the reaction of [Rh(μ-κO,O'-(CH3)2PO2)(cod)]2 with 2 equivalents of L...
October 3, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Pooja Vijay Kumar, M Vanishree, K Anila, Santosh Hunasgi, Sri Sujan Suryadevra, Swetha Kardalkar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine blood groups and Rhesus factor from dentin and pulp using absorption-elution (AE) technique in different time periods at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 cases, 30 patients each at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months were included in the study. The samples consisted of males and females with age ranging 13-60 years. Patient's blood group was checked and was considered as "control...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
H S Wong, S K He, H J Chung, M S Zhang, Kelvin Cher, Melvin Low, T J Zhou, Y Yang, S K Wong
Replacing Ir with Rh in a CoIr system possessing negative uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy (K u ) substantially reduces its magnetic damping and coercivity by more than half while retaining its high negative K u . Moreover, a higher saturation magnetization (M s ) and more isotropic coercivity are achieved. Such material development makes it particularly suitable for use as the soft underlayer (SUL) of magnetic recording media for reducing noise, and as the oscillation layer of a spin-torque oscillator (STO) for achieving higher oscillation frequency, larger AC magnetic field and lower driving current, which can be readily integrated with the current recording head for microwave-assisted magnetic recording...
November 11, 2016: Nanotechnology
Zhen-Tao Yu, Xiao-Le Liu, Yong-Jun Yuan, Yong-Hui Li, Guang-Hui Chen, Zhi-Gang Zou
Well-defined gold sensitizers for hydrogen production from water remain extremely rare despite decades of interest, and are currently limited to systems based on ruthenium, iridium or platinum complexes. This report details the synthesis and characterization of a series of neutral cyclometalated gold(iii) complexes of the type [(RC^N^CR)Au(C[triple bond, length as m-dash]C-R')] (R = H or tert-butyl group; R' = aryl groups) that have been found to be good candidates to function as harvesting materials in light-induced electron transfer reactions...
October 6, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
László Óvári, András Berkó, Gábor Vári, Richárd Gubó, Arnold Péter Farkas, Zoltán Kónya
Scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM), low energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) were applied for studying Au deposited on the Rh(111) surface. Both the deposition of Au at different substrate temperatures (400-800 K) and the effect of annealing Au deposited at 500 K were investigated. Gold deposition at 500 K, investigated by STM and LEIS methods, revealed that up to half monolayer Au the system exhibits clearly layer-by layer growth; however, above this coverage a slight deviation was identified, mainly due to kinetic and morphological effects...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Gang-Wei Wang, Niall G McCreanor, Megan H Shaw, William G Whittingham, John F Bower
Under carbonylative conditions, neutral Rh(I)-systems modified with weak donor ligands (AsPh3 or 1,4-oxathiane) undergo N-Cbz, N-benzoyl, or N-Ts directed insertion into the proximal C-C bond of aminomethylcyclopropanes to generate rhodacyclopentanone intermediates. These are trapped by N-tethered alkenes to provide complex perhydroisoindoles.
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Pan Li, Xinquan Hu, Xiu-Qin Dong, Xumu Zhang
We successfully extended our Rh/bisphosphine-thiourea (ZhaoPhos) catalytic system to asymmetric hydrogenation of α,β-unsaturated N-acylpyrazoles affording products with high yields and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% yield, 99% ee). The pyrazole moiety played an important role in providing H-bond acceptor sites, which is critical for achieving high reactivities and enantioselectivities.
September 22, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Young Chul Song, Allen E Haddrell, Bryan R Bzdek, Jonathan P Reid, Thomas Bannan, David O Topping, Carl Percival, Chen Cai
Organic aerosol particles are known to often absorb/desorb water continuously with change in gas phase relative humidity (RH) without crystallization. Indeed, the prevalence of metastable ultraviscous liquid or amorphous phases in aerosol is well-established with solutes often far exceeding bulk phase solubility limits. Particles are expected to become increasingly viscous with drying, a consequence of the plasticizing effect of water. We report here measurements of the variation in aerosol particle viscosity with RH (equal to condensed phase water activity) for a range of organic solutes including alcohols (diols to hexols), saccharides (mono-, di-, and tri-), and carboxylic acids (di-, tri-, and mixtures)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
D Reichert, S Gröger, C Hackel
To gain new insights into the interaction of proteins and disaccharides, we investigated the hydrodynamic radii, Rh (Prot) , of lysozyme molecules in solution and in a ternary protein-sugar-water system by PFG-NMR. Our approach is based on the assumption that the anhydrobiotic properties of disaccharides like trehalose are based on aggregation of sugar molecules to the proteins, i.e. accumulation of sugar molecules close to the protein, and that this process can be investigated by the experimentally detectable Rh (Prot) value of the protein...
September 28, 2016: Biopolymers
Dagmara Hering, Carl Schultz, Markus P Schlaich
PURPOSE: Resistant hypertension (RH) is a major and growing public health problem. While noncompliance to antihypertensive medication is a major concern in RH patients, it is estimated that even with adequate multi-drug regimens, approximately 10% of patients diagnosed with hypertension fulfill the criteria of true RH. Patients with sustained blood pressure (BP) elevation display high risk for development of target organ damage and associated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. While optimized pharmacologic therapy, including the use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists to guideline-based antihypertensive drug therapy, is effective for improving BP control in this patient cohort, a sizable proportion of RH patients' BP remains uncontrolled, and alternative therapeutic strategies are warranted...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Silvio Holzner, Daniel Senfter, Serena Stadler, Anna Staribacher, Chi Huu Nguyen, Anna Gaggl, Silvana Geleff, Nicole Huttary, Sigurd Krieger, Walter Jäger, Helmut Dolznig, Robert M Mader, Georg Krupitza
Since cancer cells, when grown as spheroids, display drug sensitivity and radiation resistance patterns such as seen in vivo we recently established a three‑dimensional (3D) in vitro model recapitulating colorectal cancer (CRC)-triggered lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC)‑barrier breaching to study mechanisms of intra‑/extravasation. CRC metastasizes not only through lymphatics but also through blood vessels and here we extend the 3D model to the interaction of blood endothelial cells (BECs) with naïve and 5‑fluorouracil (5‑FU)‑resistant CRC CCL227 cells...
September 20, 2016: Oncology Reports
Lin Zhang, Ge Sun, Xihe Bi
The first cyclization reaction between vinyl azides and N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles is reported. A Rh/Ag binary metal catalyst system proved to be necessary for the successful cyclization. By varying the structure of vinyl azides, such reaction allows the divergent synthesis of pyrroles and 2H-pyrazines. The cyclization reactions feature a broad substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, high reaction efficiency, and good to high product yields.
September 19, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
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