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Rh system

Takato Hara, Takayuki Kojima, Hiroka Matsuzaki, Takehiro Nakamura, Eiko Yoshida, Yasuyuki Fujiwara, Chika Yamamoto, Shinichi Saito, Toshiyuki Kaji
Organic-inorganic hybrid molecules constitute analytical tools used in biological systems. Vascular endothelial cells synthesize and secrete proteoglycans, which are macromolecules consisting of a core protein and glycosaminoglycan side chains. Although the expression of endothelial proteoglycans is regulated by several cytokines/growth factors, there may be alternative pathways for proteoglycan synthesis aside from downstream pathways activated by these cytokines/growth factors. Here, we investigated organic-inorganic hybrid molecules to determine a variant capable of analyzing the expression of syndecan-4, a transmembrane heparan-sulfate proteoglycan, and identified 1,10-phenanthroline (o-Phen) with or without zinc (Zn-Phen) or rhodium (Rh-Phen)...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Nicholas E Rothfuss, Markus D Petters
Atmospheric aerosols can exist in amorphous semi-solid or glassy phase states. These states are determined by the temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH). New measurements of viscosity for amorphous semi-solid nanometer size sucrose particles as a function of T and RH are reported. Viscosity is measured by inducing coagulation between two particles and probing the thermodynamic states that induce the particle to relax into a sphere. It is shown that the glass transition temperature can be obtained by extrapolation to 10(12) Pa s from the measured temperature-dependent viscosity in the 10(6) to 10(7) Pa s range...
February 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yusuke Toya, Toshiko Itagaki, Kazuaki Wagatsuma
We investigated a simultaneous internal standard method in flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS), in order to better the analytical precision of 3d-transition metals contained in steel materials. For this purpose, a new spectrometer system for FAAS, comprising a bright xenon lamp as the primary radiation source and a high-resolution Echelle monochromator, was employed to measure several absorption lines at a wavelength width of ca. 0.3 nm at the same time, which enables the absorbances of an analytical line and also an internal standard line to be estimated...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Tao Hong, Mingyang Zhao, Kyle Brinkman, Fanglin Chen, Chang-Rong Xia
A new heterostructured (La,Sr)2FeO4-δ (LSF214)-La0.8Sr0.2FeO3-δ (LSF113) electrode has been synthesized to improve the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). This new materials system was fabricated by the deposition of Sr(NO3)2 into the LSF113 framework followed by subsequent heat treatment resulting in a new three-dimensional (3D) LSF214-LSF113 heterostructured electrode. This material system consists of a with Ruddlesden-Popper (R-P) LSF214 phase formed on the surface of the LSF113 framework. The ORR activity has been enhanced by one order of magnitude using the LSF214-LSF113 heterostructured electrode...
February 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Roy M Salgado, Ailish C Sheard, Roger A Vaughan, Daryl L Parker, Suzanne M Schneider, Robert W Kenefick, James J McCormick, Nicholas P Gannon, Trisha A Van Dusseldorp, Len R Kravitz, Christine M Mermier
Heat stress has been reported to reduce uncoupling proteins (UCP) expression, which in turn should improve mitochondrial efficiency. Such an improvement in efficiency may translate to the systemic level as greater exercise economy. However, neither the heat-induced improvement in mitochondrial efficiency (due to decrease in UCP), nor its potential to improve economy has been studied. Determine: (i) if heat stress in vitro lowers UCP3 thereby improving mitochondrial efficiency in C2C12 myocytes; (ii) whether heat acclimation (HA) in vivo improves exercise economy in trained individuals; and (iii) the potential improved economy during exercise at altitude...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
Mei-Syue Li, Reuben Wang, Dave Ta Fu Kuo, Yang-Hsin Shih
Accurate prediction of the sorption coefficients of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is of major importance for developing an effective VOC removal process and risk assessment of released nanomaterial-carrying contaminants. The linear free energy relationship (LFER) approach was applied to investigate the adsorption mechanisms of VOCs on multiwalled CNTs (MWCNTs). The gas-solid partition coefficients (log Kd) of 17 VOCs were determined at 0%, 55%, and 90% relative humidity (RH)...
February 6, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Qian Wang, Takashi Hisatomi, Masao Katayama, Tsuyoshi Takata, Tsutomu Minegishi, Akihiko Kudo, Taro Yamada, Kazunari Domen
Water splitting using semiconductor photocatalysts has been attracting growing interest as a means of solar energy based conversion of water to hydrogen, a clean and renewable fuel. Z-scheme photocatalytic water splitting based on the two-step excitation of an oxygen evolution photocatalyst (OEP) and a hydrogen evolution photocatalyst (HEP) is a promising approach toward the utilisation of visible light. In particular, a photocatalyst sheet system consisting of HEP and OEP particles embedded in a conductive layer has been recently proposed as a new means of obtaining efficient and scalable redox mediator-free Z-scheme solar water splitting...
February 6, 2017: Faraday Discussions
Alexandre Burgun, Campbell J Coghlan, David M Huang, Wenqian Chen, Satoshi Horike, Susumu Kitagawa, Jason F Alvino, Gregory F Metha, Christopher J Sumby, Christian J Doonan
Single-crystal X-ray crystallography is employed to characterize the reaction species of a full catalytic carbonylation cycle within a Mn(II) -based metal-organic framework (MOF) material. The structural insights explain why the Rh metalated MOF is catalytically competent toward the carbonylation of MeBr but only affords stoichiometric turn-over in the case of MeI. This work highlights the capability of MOFs to act as platform materials for studying single-site catalysis in heterogeneous systems.
February 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Harshad Vijay Mayekar, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah
Lepidopteran insects have provided excellent study systems for understanding adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Although there are a few well-studied examples of adult plasticity among tropical butterflies, our understanding of plasticity of larval and pupal stages is largely restricted to temperate butterflies. The environmental parameters inducing phenotypic plasticity and the selective pressures acting on phenotypes are likely to differ across tropical and temperate climate regimes. We tested the influence of relative humidity (RH), a prominent yet under-appreciated tropical climatic component, along with pupation substrate, larval development time, pupal sex and weight in determining pupal colour in the tropical satyrine butterfly Mycalesis mineus...
2017: PloS One
Ilona Pokora, Aleksandra Żebrowska
The study evaluated differences in response to exercise stress between endurance and high-intensity intermittent trained athletes in a thermoneutral environment using a physiological strain index (PSI). Thirty-two subjects participated in a running exercise under normal (23°C, 50% RH) conditions. The group included nine endurance trained athletes (middle-distance runners - MD), twelve high-intensity intermittent trained athletes (soccer players - HIIT) and eleven students who constituted a control group. The exercise started at a speed of 4 km·h(-1) which was increased every 3 min by 2 km·h(-1) to volitional exhaustion...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
Maren Dubbert, Angelika Kübert, Christiane Werner
Oxygen isotope signatures of transpiration (δ E ) are powerful tracers of water movement from plant to global scale. However, a mechanistic understanding of how leaf morphological/physiological traits effect δ E is missing. A laser spectrometer was coupled to a leaf-level gas-exchange system to measure fluxes and isotopic signatures of plant transpiration under controlled conditions in seven distinct species (Fagus sylvatica, Pinus sylvestris, Acacia longifolia, Quercus suber, Coffea arabica, Plantago lanceolata, Oxalis triangularis)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Mingshu Sun, Qing Chang, Miaomiao Xin, Qian Wang, Hua Li, Jiaqi Qian
Systemic inflammation is involved in vascular calcification and cardiovascular disease which is the leading cause of mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A high level of serum interleukin (IL)-6 plays a key role in local and systemic inflammation in RA. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We established a human umbilical artery smooth muscle cell (HUASMC) culturing method to investigate the possible role of IL-6 on vascular calcification. HUASMCs were obtained from umbilical arteries of healthy neonates...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Soichiro Ueno, Takashi Nakakuma, Osamu Murata, Norihiko Sengoku, Kazuhiro Karikomi, Megumi Honma
Of the 210 patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer and received radiation therapy for 3 years from April 2012 to March 2015 at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology of our hospital, 6 were diagnosed with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia(COP)-like pneumonia and treated as reported. The mean age of the patients was 51years(40- 65 years), and the pathological subtypes were the luminal type(5 cases)and HER2 type(1case ), all of which were treated with radiation therapy for breast conservation...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Daniel Haley, Paul A J Bagot, Michael P Moody
In this work, we report on the atom probe tomography analysis of two metallic hydrides formed by pressurized charging using an ex situ hydrogen charging cell, in the pressure range of 200-500 kPa (2-5 bar). Specifically we report on the deuterium charging of Pd/Rh and V systems. Using this ex situ system, we demonstrate the successful loading and subsequent atom probe analysis of deuterium within a Pd/Rh alloy, and demonstrate that deuterium is likely present within the oxide-metal interface of a native oxide formed on vanadium...
January 30, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
Jennifer A Faust, Jenny P S Wong, Alex K Y Lee, Jonathan P D Abbatt
A key mechanism for atmospheric secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation occurs when oxidation products of volatile organic compounds condense onto pre-existing particles. Here, we examine effects of aerosol liquid water (ALW) on relative SOA yield and composition from α-pinene ozonolysis and the photooxidation of toluene and acetylene by OH. Reactions were conducted in a room-temperature flow tube under low-NOx conditions in the presence of equivalent loadings of deliquesced (∼20 μg m(-3) ALW) or effloresced (∼0...
January 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Afnan Alghannam, Christopher L Muhich, Charles B Musgrave
Titanium oxide is often decorated with metal nano-particles and either serves as a catalyst support or enables photocatalytic activity. The activity of these systems degrades over time due to catalytic particle agglomeration and growth by Ostwald ripening where adatoms dissociate from metal particles, diffuse across the surface and add to other metal particles. In this work, we use density functional theory calculations to study the diffusion mechanisms of select group VIII and 1B late-transition metal adatoms commonly used in catalysis and photocatalysis (Au, Ag, Cu, Pt, Rh, Ni, Co and Fe) on the anatase TiO2(101) surface...
January 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Aiping Qin, De-Hua Lai, Qifa Liu, Weijun Huang, Ya-Ping Wu, Xiaoyong Chen, Sunxing Yan, Huimin Xia, Geoff Hide, Zhao-Rong Lun, Francisco J Ayala, Andy Peng Xiang
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have recently been shown to play important roles in mammalian host defenses against intracellular pathogens, but the molecular mechanism still needs to be clarified. We confirmed that human MSCs (hMSCs) prestimulated with IFN-γ showed a significant and dose-dependent ability to inhibit the growth of two types of Toxoplasma gondii [type I RH strain with green fluorescent proteins (RH/GFP) or type II PLK strain with red fluorescent proteins (PLK/RED)]. However, in contrast to previous reports, the anti-T...
February 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Michael Lau, Paul M Young, Daniela Traini
CONTEXT: Particle micronization for inhalation can impart surface disorder (amorphism) of crystalline structures. This can lead to stability issues upon storage at elevated humidity from recrystallization of the amorphous state, which can subsequently affect the aerosol performance of the dry powder formulation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of an additive, magnesium stearate (MGST), on the stability and aerosol performance of co-milled active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) with lactose...
January 26, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Chong Lin, Guanghao Wu, Huiqin Li, Yanmin Geng, Gang Xie, Jianhui Yang, Bin Liu, Jian Jin
We reported a facile and scalable salt-templated approach to produce monodisperse Rh nanoparticles (NPs) on ultrathin carbon nanosheets with the assistance of calcination under inert gas. More importantly, in spite of the essentially poor ORR activity of Rh/C, the acquired Rh/C hybrid nanosheets display a comparable ORR activity to the optimal commercial Pt/C catalyst, which may be due to the extra-small size of Rh NPs and the 2D defect-rich amorphous carbon nanosheets that can facilitate the charge transfer and reactive surface exposure...
January 24, 2017: Nanoscale
Kazuhiro Uemura
In this review, the crystal structures of seventeen heterometallic one-dimensional compounds 1-17 are shown, and their electronic structures are discussed based on the diffuse reflectance spectra and other physical measurements. Compounds 1-17 comprise two kinds of complexes with HOMO-LUMO interactions at σ-type (dz(2)) orbitals between platinum and heterometal atoms, where two or three kinds of metal are regularly aligned through metal-metal bonds. In [{PtRh(piam)2(NH3)2Cl2.5}2{Pt2(piam)2(NH3)4}2]n(PF6)6n·2nMeOH·2nH2O (3, piam = pivalamidate), the platinum and rhodium atoms are aligned as -Pt-Rh-Pt-Pt-Pt-Pt-Rh-Pt-Cl- with a mixed valence, where an unpaired electron hops from one Rh atom to another...
January 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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