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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104114/re-evaluating-cut-off-points-for-the-expansion-of-deceased-donor-criteria-for-kidney-transplantation-in-japan
#1
Y Nakagawa, M Ikeda, T Ando, M Tasaki, K Saito, K Takahashi, A Aikawa, M Kikuchi, K Akazawa, Y Tomita
BACKGROUND: A shortage of donors poses a serious problem for organ transplantation around the world. In response, the concept of the expanded criteria donor (ECD) has been defined to include donors with traditionally less favorable characteristics. That definition has now been accepted and is being applied in kidney transplantation in the United States and Europe. However, the ECD has not yet been defined for deceased donor kidney transplantation in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data on graft survival and relevant risk factors in patients who received deceased donor kidney transplants through the East Japan Branch of the Japan Organ Transplant network (n = 1051)...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097680/development-of-a-novel-algorithm-for-detecting-glucocorticoid-induced-diabetes-mellitus-using-a-medical-information-database
#2
T Imatoh, K Sai, K Hori, K Segawa, J Kawakami, M Kimura, Y Saito
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus (GIDM) increases the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM)-related complications but is generally difficult to detect in clinical settings. The criteria for diagnosing GIDM have not been established. Recently, medical information databases (MIDs) have been used in post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies. We conducted a pharmacoepidemiological study to develop an algorithm for detecting GIDM using MID. METHODS: We selected 1214 inpatients who were newly prescribed with a typical glucocorticoid, prednisolone, during hospitalization from 2008 to 2014 from an MID of Hamamatsu University Hospital in Japan...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093069/assessing-the-progression-of-chronic-periodontitis-using-subgingival-pathogen-levels-a-24-month-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#3
E Kakuta, Y Nomura, T Morozumi, T Nakagawa, T Nakamura, K Noguchi, A Yoshimura, Y Hara, O Fujise, F Nishimura, T Kono, M Umeda, M Fukuda, T Noguchi, N Yoshinari, C Fukaya, S Sekino, Y Numabe, N Sugano, K Ito, H Kobayashi, Y Izumi, H Takai, Y Ogata, S Takano, M Minabe, A Makino-Oi, A Saito, Y Abe, S Sato, F Suzuki, K Takahashi, T Sugaya, M Kawanami, N Hanada, S Takashiba, H Yoshie
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of the progression of periodontitis presently depends on the use of clinical symptoms (such as attachment loss) and radiographic imaging. The aim of the multicenter study described here was to evaluate the diagnostic use of the bacterial content of subgingival plaque recovered from the deepest pockets in assessing disease progression in chronic periodontitis patients. METHODS: This study consisted of a 24-month investigation of a total of 163 patients with chronic periodontitis who received trimonthly follow-up care...
January 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062160/loss-of-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1-expression-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#4
M Davaadorj, Y Saito, Y Morine, T Ikemoto, S Imura, C Takasu, S Yamada, T Hiroki, M Yoshikawa, M Shimada
AIMS: Secreted Frizzled-Related Protein-1 (SFRP1) is a well-known negative regulator of the wingless type (Wnt)-β-catenin pathway and its inactivation plays an important role in the development and progression of many cancers. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical significance of SFRP1 expression in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) and to define the relationship to Wnt-β-catenin pathway. METHODS: Fifty IHCC patients who had liver resection were enrolled in this study...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057213/a-new-molecular-mechanism-underlying-the-antitumor-effect-of-dna-methylation-inhibitors-via-an-antiviral-immune-response
#5
Y Saito, T Nakaoka, H Saito
Chromatin remodeling mediated by DNA methylation and histone modifications play critical roles in the transcriptional regulation of protein-coding genes, noncoding RNAs such as microRNAs, and endogenous retroviruses (ERVs). Many studies have shown that aberrant DNA methylation and histone modifications are associated with the initiation and progression of various malignancies. Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes in cancer is generally mediated by DNA hypermethylation of CpG island promoters and histone modifications such as histone deacetylation, methylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9), and trimethylation of H3K27...
2017: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048668/tu-ab-202-01-multi-institutional-validation-study-of-commercially-available-deformable-image-registration-software-for-thoracic-images
#6
N Kadoya, Y Nakajima, M Saito, Y Miyabe, M Kurooka, S Kito, M Sasaki, Y Fujita, K Arai, K Tani, M Yagi, A Wakita, N Tohyama, K Jingu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of commercially available deformable image registration (DIR) software for thoracic images on multi-institution. Furthermore, we determined the variation in the DIR accuracy among institutions due to different DIR algorithms and DIR procedures. METHODS: Thoracic four-dimensional (4D) CT images of ten patients with esophagus or lung cancer were used. Datasets for these patients were provided by DIR-lab (dir-lab...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048224/su-g-brb-09-kompeito-shot-development-of-a-novel-verification-system-for-3d-beam-alignment-including-the-sag-of-gantry-head
#7
M Tsuneda, T Nishio, A Saito, K Hioki, D Kawahara, Y Ochi, K Matsushita, S Tanaka, S Ozawa, Y Nagata
PURPOSE: High accuracy of beam axis is required for high-precision radiation therapy. It is impossible to quantitatively and directly evaluate the sagging effect of the gantry head using current methods (star-shot and Winston-Lutz tests) when the gantry head sags under the weight of MLC and X-Y jaws. We introduce a novel method "Kompeito-shot (3D star-shot)" for the verification of 3D beam alignment (3D isocentricity). This method enables direct measurement of the sagging effect. We developed the system and examined the concept of this system...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046952/su-f-t-630-energy-spectral-study-on-lipiodol-after-trans-arterial-chemoembolization-using-the-flattened-and-unflattened-photon-beams
#8
D Kawahara, S Ozawa, A Saito, T Nishio, K Hioki, H Masuda, T Okumura, Y Ochi, T Nakashima, T Suzuki, S Tanaka, Y Ohno, Y Nagata
PURPOSE: SBRT combining transarterial chemoembolization with Lipiodol is expected to improve local control. Our showed that the dose enhancement effect in the Lipiodol with 10X flattening filter free (FFF) was inserted. This study was to investigate the energy fluence variations of electron in the Lipiodol using flattened (FF) and FFF beams. METHODS: FF and FFF for 6X and 10X beams by TrueBeam were used in this study. The Lipiodol (3 X 3 X 3 cm(3) ) was located at the depth of 5 cm in water, the dose enhancement factor (DEF) and energy fluence were calculated by Monte Carlo (MC) calculations (PHITS)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042704/development-of-an-in-vitro-immunobiotic-evaluation-system-against-rotavirus-infection-in-bovine-intestinal-epitheliocytes
#9
H Kobayashi, P Kanmani, T Ishizuka, A Miyazaki, J Soma, L Albarracin, Y Suda, T Nochi, H Aso, N Iwabuchi, J-Z Xiao, T Saito, J Villena, H Kitazawa
The bovine intestinal epithelial cell line (BIE cells) expresses the Toll-like receptor (TLR)3 and is able to mount an antiviral immune response after the stimulation with poly(I:C). In the present study, we aimed to further characterise the antiviral defence mechanisms in BIE cells by evaluating the innate immune response triggered by rotavirus (RV) infection. In addition, we attempted to determine whether immunobiotic bifidobacteria are able to confer protection of BIE cells against RV infection by beneficially modulating the antiviral immune response...
January 2, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013380/the-impact-of-age-on-the-postoperative-response-of-the-diastolic-function-and-left-ventricular-mass-regression-after-surgical-or-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#10
Teruya Nakamura, Koichi Toda, Toru Kuratani, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Shunsuke Saito, Yoshiki Sawa
PURPOSE: We examined the impact of advanced age on left ventricular mass regression and the change in the diastolic function after aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis. METHODS: The present study included 129 patients who underwent either surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement and 1-year postoperative echocardiography. The patient characteristics and echocardiographic findings were compared between patients who were <80 years of age (group Y: n = 69) and those who were ≥80 years of age (group O: n = 60)...
December 24, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002836/lip-movements-for-an-unfamiliar-vowel-mandarin-front-rounded-vowel-produced-by-japanese-speakers
#11
Haruka Saito
Purpose: The study was aimed at investigating what kind of lip positions are selected by Japanese adult participants for an unfamiliar Mandarin rounded vowel /y/ and if their lip positions are related to and/or differentiated from those for their native vowels. Method: Videotaping and post hoc tracking measurements for lip positions, namely protrusion and vertical aperture, and acoustic analysis of vowel formants were conducted on participants' production in a repetition task...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973387/functional-status-of-the-articularis-genus-muscle-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
A Saito, K Okada, I Saito, K Kinoshita, A Seto, Y Takahashi, K Shibata, H Sato, M Wakasa
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the functional status of the articularis genus muscle (AGM) in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to analyze the muscle's relationship with knee OA. METHODS: Fifty-two individuals with knee OA (mean age, 73.4 years), 50 elderly individuals without knee OA changes (mean age, 71.2 years) and 75 young individuals (mean age, 20.2 years) were observed the AGM using ultrasonography. The thickness of the AGM, the anteroposterior distance of the suprapatellar bursa, and moving distance of the muscle insertion were measured both at rest and during isometric contraction, and values during contraction were expressed as percentages of the values at rest (%Muscle-Increase, %Bursa-Increase)...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973167/patient-preferences-versus-physician-perceptions-of-treatment-decisions-in-advance-stage-prostate-cancer
#13
K Yoshizawa, J Mahlich, M Nakayama, H Kobayashi, Y Takahashi, K Saito, A Tsubota, H Uemura, T Masayuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972835/economic-evaluation-guideline-for-pharmaceuticals-and-medical-devices-in-japan
#14
T Fukuda, A Igarashi, H Ishida, S Ikeda, S Saito, H Sakamaki, K Shimozuma, T Shiroiwa, T Takura, N Tomita, S Noto, H Fukuda, K Moriwaki, Y Moriyama, M Akazawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934561/various-regimens-of-total-body-irradiation-for-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#15
Naoya Ishibashi, Toshiya Maebayashi, Takuya Aizawa, Masakuni Sakaguchi, Osamu Abe, Kazuyoshi Sakanishi, Yuji Endoh, Tsutomu Saito, Jiro Kawamori, Yoshiaki Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the safety of total body irradiation before bone marrow transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 110 patients (65 male, 45 female) who underwent total body irradiation for hematopoietic stem cell transplant between May 1998 and March 2013. Median age at total body irradiation was 17 years (range, 1-62 y). Median observation time was 777 days (range, 31-5494 d). Initial diagnoses were acute lymphoblastic leukemia (24 patients), acute myeloid leukemia (26 patients), chronic myeloid leukemia (7 patients), myelodysplastic syndrome (8 patients), malignant lymphoma (13 patients), mucopolysaccharidosis (12 patients), neuroblastoma (10 patients), and other diseases (10 patients)...
December 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933692/preferential-changes-of-skeletal-muscle-echogenicity-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#16
N Takamatsu, K Sogawa, H Nodera, S Hashiguchi, Y Osaki, M Saito, A Mori, Y Izumi, R Kaji
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), weakness of distal limb muscles affects quality of life. Non-invasive evaluation of muscular involvement by muscle sonography could be useful for characterizing muscle-specific involvement. METHODS: Sonography of the lower leg and forearm was performed in 19 patients with DM1 and 10 control subjects. The mean echo intensities (EIs) of seven limb muscles were obtained by computer-assisted histogram analysis and compared within DM1 according to the overall clinical severity...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932152/successful-second-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-from-a-sibling-donor-for-relapse-of-myelodysplastic-syndrome-in-a-recipient-of-a-renal-transplant-from-his-mother-case-report
#17
M Ikeda, N Tsukada, H Chikai, M Tasaki, K Saito, Y Nakagawa, K Takahashi, K Suzuki
There have been few reports on allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients who have previously undergone solid organ transplantation. The clinical course of such patients is not yet well recognized. Therefore, appropriate immunosuppressive prophylaxis for the rejection of a solid organ graft or for graft-versus-host disease has not yet been established. We present the case of a successful allogeneic stem cell transplantation in a patient who relapsed after a first allogeneic stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome and who had previously undergone renal transplantation...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909135/new-radiological-parameters-for-the-assessment-of-atlantoaxial-instability-in-children-with-down-syndrome-the-normal-values-and-the-risk-of-spinal-cord-injury
#18
N Nakamura, Y Inaba, Y Aota, M Oba, J Machida, N Aida, K Kurosawa, T Saito
AIMS: To determine the normal values and usefulness of the C1/4 space available for spinal cord (SAC) ratio and C1 inclination angle, which are new radiological parameters for assessing atlantoaxial instability in children with Down syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited 272 children with Down syndrome (including 14 who underwent surgical treatment), and 141 children in the control group. All were aged between two and 11 years. The C1/4 SAC ratio, C1 inclination angle, atlas-dens interval (ADI), and SAC were measured in those with Down syndrome, and the C1/4 SAC ratio and C1 inclination angle were measured in the control group...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888738/oxyntomodulin-analog-and-exendin-4-derivative-lower-plasma-glucose-in-cattle
#19
S ThanThan, Y Asada, T Saito, K Ochiiwa, H Zhao, S W Naing, H Kuwayama
The present study was undertaken with the aim of examining whether and how exendin-4 (1-3) fragment, ie, Ex-4 (1-3) fragment, contributes to the regulation of glucose. An analog of oxyntomodulin (OXM) ([Gly(2), Glu(3)]-OXM), a glucagon analog ([Gly(2), Glu(3)]-glucagon), and two derivatives of Ex-4 (glucandin and [Gly(2), Glu(3)]-glucandin) were synthesized by substituting with Gly(2), Glu(3) at the N-terminuses of OXM and glucagon and/or by attaching Ex-4 (30-39) amide at the C-terminus of glucagon. Effects of these peptides on plasma insulin and glucose concentrations were investigated in cattle by conducting 3 in vivo experiments...
November 2, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886227/impact-of-human-activities-on-subaqueous-topographic-change-in-lingding-bay-of-the-pearl-river-estuary-china-during-1955-2013
#20
Z Y Wu, Yoshiki Saito, D N Zhao, J Q Zhou, Z Y Cao, S J Li, J H Shang, Y Y Liang
Estuaries have been sites of intensive human activities during the past century. Tracing the evolution of subaqueous topography in estuaries on a decadal timescale enables us to understand the effects of human activities on estuaries. Bathymetric data from 1955 to 2010 show that land reclamation decreased the subaqueous area of Lingding Bay, in the Pearl River estuary, by ~170 km(2) and decreased its water volume by 615 × 10(6) m(3), representing a net decrease of 11.2 × 10(6 )m(3) per year and indicating the deposition of approximately 14...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
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