Read by QxMD icon Read


Timo J Autio, Timo Koskenkorva, Tuomo K Leino, Petri Koivunen, Olli-Pekka Alho
OBJECTIVE: To illuminate the pathophysiology of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) with sequential monitoring of inflammatory biomarkers during an ARS episode and to clarify their diagnostic usability in bacterial ARS. STUDY DESIGN: Inception cohort study with 50 conscripts with ARS. METHODS: We collected peripheral blood high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), white blood cell (WBC), procalcitonin, and nasal nitric oxide (nNO) counts at 2 to 3 and 9 to 10 days of symptoms during an ARS episode...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Revital Abitbul, Israel Amirav, Hannah Blau, Soliman Alkrinawi, Micha Aviram, David Shoseyov, Lea Bentur, Avraham Avital, Chaim Springer, Moran Lavie, Dario Prais, Husein Dabbah, Nael Elias, Arnon Elizur, Shmuel Goldberg, Avigdor Hevroni, Eitan Kerem, Anthony Luder, Yehudah Roth, Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh, Marta Ben Ami, Avigdor Mandelberg, Galit Livnat, Elie Picard, Joseph Rivlin, Moshe Rotschild, Ruth Soferman, Niki T Loges, Heike Olbrich, Claudius Werner, Alexander Wolter, Martina Herting, Julia Wallmeier, Johanna Raidt, Heymut Omran, Huda Mussaffi
BACKGROUND: Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is rare and its features in Israel have not been described. AIMS: to assess prevalence utilizing state-of-the-art diagnostic techniques, and describe clinical features, diagnostic and management practices in Israel. METHODS: A national multicenter study from 2012 to 2013 recruited patients diagnosed or suspected of having PCD. Diagnosis was verified using: nasal Nitric Oxide (nNO); High-speed Video Microscope Analysis (HVMA); Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) of cilia; Immuno-fluorescence staining (IF) for ciliary proteins, and genetic analysis...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Daniël L J Broere, Raoul Plessius, Joanne Tory, Serhiy Demeshko, Bas de Bruin, Maxime A Siegler, Frantisek Hartl, Jarl Ivar van der Vlugt
The new dinucleating redox-active ligand (L(H4) ), bearing two redox-active NNO-binding pockets linked by a 1,2,3-triazole unit, is synthetically readily accessible. Coordination to two equivalents of Pd(II) resulted in the formation of paramagnetic (S=1/2 ) dinuclear Pd complexes with a κ(2) -N,N'-bridging triazole and a single bridging chlorido or azido ligand. A combined spectroscopic, spectroelectrochemical, and computational study confirmed Robin-Day Class II mixed-valence within the redox-active ligand, with little influence of the secondary bridging anionic ligand...
September 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Daniël L J Broere, Nicolaas P van Leest, Bas de Bruin, Maxime A Siegler, Jarl Ivar van der Vlugt
The synthesis, spectroelectrochemical characterization (ultraviolet-visible and nuclear magnetic resonance), solid state structures, and computational metric parameters of three isostructural PdCl(NNO) complexes 1 [PdCl(NNO(ISQ))], 2 {[PdCl(NNO(AP))](-)}, and 5 {[PdCl(NNO(IBQ))](+)} (NNO = o-aminophenol-derived redox-active ligand with a pendant pyridine) with different NNO oxidation states are described. The reduced diamagnetic complex 2 readily reacts with halogenated solvents, including lattice solvent from crystalline pure material, as supported by spectroscopic data and density functional theory calculations...
September 6, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Chen-Yen Tsai, Fu-Yin Cheng, Kuan-Yeh Lu, Jung-Tsu Wu, Bor-Hunn Huang, Wei-An Chen, Chu-Chieh Lin, Bao-Tsan Ko
A series of novel nickel complexes 1-9 supported by NNO-tridentate Schiff-base derivatives have been synthesized and characterized. Treatment of the pro-ligands [L(1)-H = 2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-(((2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)imino)methyl)phenol, L(2)-H = 2-(((2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)imino)methyl)-4,6-bis(2-phenylpropan-2-yl)phenol, L(3)-H = 2-(((2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)imino)methyl)phenol] with Ni(OAc)2·4H2O in refluxing ethanol afforded mono- or bimetallic nickel complexes {[(L(1))Ni(OAc)] (1); (L(2))Ni(OAc)] (2); (L(3))2Ni2(OAc)2(H2O)] (3)}...
August 15, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Michael S Klenov, Alexey A Guskov, Oleg V Anikin, Aleksandr M Churakov, Yurii A Strelenko, Ivan V Fedyanin, Konstantin A Lyssenko, Vladimir A Tartakovsky
This study presents the first synthesis and characterization of a new high energy compound [1,2,3,4]tetrazino[5,6-e][1,2,3,4]tetrazine 1,3,6,8-tetraoxide (TTTO). It was synthesized in ten steps from 2,2-bis(tert-butyl-NNO-azoxy)acetonitrile. The synthetic strategy was based on the sequential closure of two 1,2,3,4-tetrazine 1,3-dioxide rings by the generation of oxodiazonium ions and their intramolecular coupling with tert-butyl-NNO-azoxy groups. The TTTO structure was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray.
September 12, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Kuiji Wang, Luquan Chen, Yang Wang, Chengshuo Wang, Luo Zhang
The study aimed to assess the effects of Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) acupuncture on nasal ventilation function and autonomic nervous system in health volunteers. 39 healthy subjects were randomly assigned to either active SPG acupuncture group (AA group) or sham-SPG acupuncture group (SA group). All subjects were assessed for self-reported nasal ventilation, nasal patency (nasal airway resistance (NAR) and nasal cavity volume (NCV), exhaled nasal nitric oxide (nNO), and neuropeptides (substance P(SP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY)) in nasal secretions at baseline, 30 minutes, 2 hours, and 24 hours after acupuncture...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hualong Ding, Zhixing Peng, Jinjin Wang, Ping Lu, Yanguang Wang
Potassium carbonate-promoted coupling reactions between 3-diazoindolin-2-imines and nucleophiles were tested. By respectively applying 2-naphthalenols and 2-arylacetates as nucleophiles, 3-azoindoles and 3-hydrazonoindolin-2-imines were obtained in excellent yields. Moreover, 3-azoindol-2-amines could be used as NNO pincer ligands for boron and resulted in the formation of hexacycleborofluorides with their absorption around 580 nm in dichloromethane.
August 7, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Daniela Cortese, Konstantin Chegaev, Stefano Guglielmo, Lan Z Wang, Bernard T Golding, Céline Cano, Roberta Fruttero
The potent and selective cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) inhibitor NU6027 (6-cyclohexylmethoxy-5-nitroso-2,4-diaminopyrimidine) was used as the lead for the synthesis of a series of analogues in order to provide further insight into the structure-activity relationships for 2,4-diaminopyrimidine CDK2 inhibitors. Aliphatic amino substituents were introduced at position 2. The use of linear or less sterically hindered amines gave rise to compounds endowed with slightly better activity than the lead; on the other hand, the compounds were less active if a bulkier amino substituent was used...
August 19, 2016: ChemMedChem
Xiao Liu, Xiaopeng Liu, Ruike Wang, Hui Luo, Gang Qin, L U Wang, Zhi Ye, Qulian Guo, E Wang
In patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), it is important to attenuate myocardium injury during the surgery. The present study aimed to observe the cardioprotection induced by sevoflurane induction and maintenance compared with propofol intravenous anesthesia, and to detect its potential protection against acute myocardial injury with sensitive biomarkers. In total, 36 patients undergoing OPCAB were randomly assigned into two groups, receiving sevoflurane (n=18) or propofol (n=18) as the induction and maintenance anesthetic agent...
June 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Chellaian Justin Dhanaraj, Jijo Johnson
Mononuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of an unsymmetric Schiff base ligand, 3-(-(3-(-3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)propylimino)methyl)quinoxalin-2(1H) -one (L) were synthesized and characterized by various analytical and spectral techniques. The molar conductance values of metal complexes indicate non-electrolytic behavior of the metal complexes. The Schiff base act as tetra dentate ONNO donor ligand in Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) complexes and tridentate NNO donor in Cu(II) complex. Thermal stabilities of the newly synthesized compounds were determined by thermal analysis...
August 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Barbara Boutopoulou, Marios Papadopoulos, Konstantinos Douros, Iordanis Papadopoulos, Basilis Grammeniatis, Kostas Priftis
UNLABELLED: Theme: Complex health care and chronic disease management. INTRODUCTION: Primary Cilia Dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, genetically heterogeneous disease that causes chronic pulmonary inflammation and progressive loss of lung function due to the dysfunction of cilia. AIM: To present the Greek experience in development and implementation of standardized operational procedures (SOP) in diagnostic testing of PCD. METHODS: After special training, SOP consisting of nasal NO (nNO) measurement, high speed videomicroscopy (HVM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and shipment of the sample for high resolution immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy in difficult cases, were applied...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Farzin Marandi, Lida Hashemi, Ali Morsali, Harald Krautscheid
Nanostructures of three Zinc(II) coordination polymers, [Zn(NNO)2(H2O)4]n (1), [Zn(PNNO)2(H2O)2]n (2) and [Zn(H2O)6]·(INNO)2 (3) {NNO: Nicotinic acid N-oxide, PNNO: Picolinic acid N-oxide and INNO: Isonicotinic acid N-oxide}, have been synthesized by a sonochemical process and reaction of ligands with Zn(CH3COO)2. The Zinc(II) oxide nano-particles have been synthesized from thermolysis of [Zn(NNO)2(H2O)4]n (1), [Zn(PNNO)2(H2O)2]n (2) and [Zn(H2O)6]·(INNO)2 (3) at two different methods (with surfactant and without surfactant) and two temperatures (200 and 600°C)...
September 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
S Torretta, P Marchisio, P Capaccio, L Pignataro
Recently, reduced Nasal nitric oxide (nNO) nNO levels have been reported in children with adenoidal hypertrophy predisposing to chronic nasosinusal inflammation. Given the strict anatomic and physiopathologic link between the nasopharyngeal and middle ear compartments, and considering the high prevalence of otitis prone children among those affected with chronic adenoiditis, we designed a study aimed to test any possible difference in nNO levels between non-allergic children with and without recurrent acute otitis media (RAOM) associated with chronic adenoiditis...
January 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Y Huang, Y Zou, F Mai, X Zhang, Y Liu, X Lin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical significance of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) concentrations in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: Enrolled in this study were 30 children with SDB and 15 healthy children. The nNO and FeNO concentrations were measured noninvasively using a NIOX MINO system (Aerocrine AB, Solna, Sweden). SPSS statistics 20.0 software (IBM SPSS statistics 20.0, Armonk, NY, USA) was used to analyze the data...
March 2016: HNO
Tapas Ghorui, Sima Roy, Shuvam Pramanik, Kausikisankar Pramanik
A potentially symmetrical NNN pyrrolido-functionalized pincer ligand, HL = 2,5-bis(phenylazo)-1H-pyrrole, reacts with [Rh(I)Cl(PPh3)3] in toluene in the presence of air, affording an emerald crystalline solid of the composition [Rh(III)(L(O))Cl(PPh3)2]. A spontaneous C-H oxyfunctionalization of the aromatic ring with atmospheric oxygen leads to phenoxido functionalized organic transformation at room temperature. X-ray diffraction and MASS spectral analyses authenticate the unsymmetrical NNO coordination of the title ligand with a dangling phenylazo moiety...
April 7, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Seungyang Heo, Chadol Oh, Man Jin Eom, Jun Sung Kim, Jungho Ryu, Junwoo Son, Hyun Myung Jang
The band width control through external stress has been demonstrated as a useful knob to modulate metal-insulator transition (MIT) in RNiO3 as a prototype correlated materials. In particular, lattice mismatch strain using different substrates have been widely utilized to investigate the effect of strain on transition temperature so far but the results were inconsistent in the previous literatures. Here, we demonstrate dynamic modulation of MIT based on electric field-controlled pure strain in high-quality NdNiO3 (NNO) thin films utilizing converse-piezoelectric effect of (001)-cut Pb(Mg(1/3)Nb(2/3)O3-(PbTiO3) (PMN-PT) single crystal substrates...
2016: Scientific Reports
Saskia van der Kam, Nuria Salse-Ubach, Stephanie Roll, Todd Swarthout, Sayaka Gayton-Toyoshima, Nma Mohammed Jiya, Akiko Matsumoto, Leslie Shanks
BACKGROUND: Globally, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) treats more than 300,000 severely malnourished children annually. Malnutrition is not only caused by lack of food and poor infant and child feeding practices but also by illnesses. Breaking the vicious cycle of illness and malnutrition by providing ill children with nutritional supplementation is a potentially powerful strategy for preventing malnutrition that has not been adequately investigated. Therefore, MSF investigated whether incidence of malnutrition among ill children <5 y old could be reduced by providing a fortified food product or micronutrients during their 2-wk convalescence period...
February 2016: PLoS Medicine
Saskia van der Kam, Stephanie Roll, Todd Swarthout, Grace Edyegu-Otelu, Akiko Matsumoto, Francis Xavier Kasujja, Cristian Casademont, Leslie Shanks, Nuria Salse-Ubach
BACKGROUND: Globally, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) treats more than 300,000 severely malnourished children annually. Malnutrition is not only caused by lack of food but also by illnesses and by poor infant and child feeding practices. Breaking the vicious cycle of illness and malnutrition by providing ill children with nutritional supplementation is a potentially powerful strategy for preventing malnutrition that has not been adequately investigated. Therefore, MSF investigated whether incidence of malnutrition among ill children <5 y old could be reduced by providing a fortified food product or micronutrients during their 2-wk convalescence period...
February 2016: PLoS Medicine
Hsiu-Wei Ou, Kai-Hsuan Lo, Wei-Ting Du, Wei-Yi Lu, Wan-Jung Chuang, Bor-Hunn Huang, Hsuan-Ying Chen, Chu-Chieh Lin
A series of sodium complexes bearing NNO-tridentate Schiff base ligands with an N-pendant arm were synthesized and used as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide (L-LA). Electronic effects of ancillary ligands coordinated by sodium complexes substantially influence the catalysis, and ligands with electron-donating groups increase the catalytic activity of the sodium complexes for catalyzing L-LA polymerization. In particular, a sodium complex bearing a 4-methoxy group has the highest activity with conversion up to 95% within 30 s at 0 °C and a low polydispersity index of 1...
February 15, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"