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Gary Owen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866832/roscoe-owen-brady-md-remembrances-of-co-investigators-and-colleagues
#1
REVIEW
Robert J Desnick, Norman W Barton, Scott Furbish, Gregory A Grabowski, Stefan Karlsson, Edwin H Kolodny, Jeffrey A Medin, Gary J Murray, Pramod K Mistry, Marc C Patterson, Raphael Schiffmann, Neal J Weinreb
To celebrate the research visions and accomplishments of the late Roscoe O. Brady (1923-2016), remembrance commentaries were requested from several of his postdoctoral research fellows and colleagues. These commentaries not only reflect on the accomplishments of Dr. Brady, but they also share some of the backstories and experiences working in the Brady laboratory. They provide insights and perspectives on Brady's research activities, and especially on his efforts to develop an effective treatment for patients with Type 1 Gaucher disease...
November 12, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837182/the-oxytocin-receptor-gene-oxtr-and-face-recognition
#2
Roeland J Verhallen, Jenny M Bosten, Patrick T Goodbourn, Adam J Lawrance-Owen, Gary Bargary, J D Mollon
A recent study has linked individual differences in face recognition to rs237887, a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR; Skuse et al., 2014). In that study, participants were assessed using the Warrington Recognition Memory Test for Faces, but performance on Warrington's test has been shown not to rely purely on face recognition processes. We administered the widely used Cambridge Face Memory Test-a purer test of face recognition-to 370 participants. Performance was not significantly associated with rs237887, with 16 other SNPs of OXTR that we genotyped, or with a further 75 imputed SNPs...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835901/mutational-activation-of-braf-confers-sensitivity-to-transforming-growth-factor-beta-inhibitors-in-human-cancer-cells
#3
Lindsay C Spender, G John Ferguson, Sijia Liu, Chao Cui, Maria Romina Girotti, Gary Sibbet, Ellen B Higgs, Morven K Shuttleworth, Tom Hamilton, Paul Lorigan, Michael Weller, David F Vincent, Owen J Sansom, Margaret Frame, Peter Ten Dijke, Richard Marais, Gareth J Inman
Recent data implicate elevated transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) signalling in BRAF inhibitor drug-resistance mechanisms, but the potential for targeting TGFβ signalling in cases of advanced melanoma has not been investigated. We show that mutant BRAFV600E confers an intrinsic dependence on TGFβ/TGFβ receptor 1 (TGFBR1) signalling for clonogenicity of murine melanocytes. Pharmacological inhibition of the TGFBR1 blocked the clonogenicity of human mutant BRAF melanoma cells through SMAD4-independent inhibition of mitosis, and also inhibited metastasis in xenografted zebrafish...
November 9, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807022/large-schwannoma-of-the-sciatic-nerve
#4
Owen Godkin, Prasad Ellanti, Gary O'Toole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784688/high-intensity-interval-training-but-not-continuous-training-reverses-right-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-dysfunction-in-a-rat-model-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#5
Mary Beth Brown, Evandro Neves, Gary Marshall Long, Jeremy Bryce Graber, Brett Alexandria Gladish, Andrew Wiseman, Matthew Owens, Amanda Jo Fisher, Robert Gray Presson, Irina Petrache, Jeffrey A Kline, Tim Lahm
BACKGROUND: Exercise is beneficial in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), although studies to date indicate little effect on the elevated pulmonary pressures or maladaptive RV hypertrophy associated with the disease. For chronic LV failure, high intensity interval training (HIIT) promotes greater endothelial stimulation and superior benefit than customary continuous exercise training (CExT); however, HIIT has not been tested for PAH. Therefore, here we investigated acute and chronic responses to HIIT vs...
October 26, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762073/cognitive-analysis-of-schizophrenia-risk-genes-that-function-as-epigenetic-regulators-of-gene-expression
#6
Laura Whitton, Donna Cosgrove, Christopher Clarkson, Denise Harold, Kimberley Kendall, Alex Richards, Kiran Mantripragada, Michael J Owen, Michael C O'Donovan, James Walters, Annette Hartmann, Betina Konte, Dan Rujescu, Michael Gill, Aiden Corvin, Stephen Rea, Gary Donohoe, Derek W Morris
Epigenetic mechanisms are an important heritable and dynamic means of regulating various genomic functions, including gene expression, to orchestrate brain development, adult neurogenesis, and synaptic plasticity. These processes when perturbed are thought to contribute to schizophrenia pathophysiology. A core feature of schizophrenia is cognitive dysfunction. For genetic disorders where cognitive impairment is more severe such as intellectual disability, there are a disproportionally high number of genes involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription...
December 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694991/novel-genetic-loci-underlying-human-intracranial-volume-identified-through-genome-wide-association
#7
Hieab H H Adams, Derrek P Hibar, Vincent Chouraki, Jason L Stein, Paul A Nyquist, Miguel E Rentería, Stella Trompet, Alejandro Arias-Vasquez, Sudha Seshadri, Sylvane Desrivières, Ashley H Beecham, Neda Jahanshad, Katharina Wittfeld, Sven J Van der Lee, Lucija Abramovic, Saud Alhusaini, Najaf Amin, Micael Andersson, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Benjamin S Aribisala, Nicola J Armstrong, Lavinia Athanasiu, Tomas Axelsson, Alexa Beiser, Manon Bernard, Joshua C Bis, Laura M E Blanken, Susan H Blanton, Marc M Bohlken, Marco P Boks, Janita Bralten, Adam M Brickman, Owen Carmichael, M Mallar Chakravarty, Ganesh Chauhan, Qiang Chen, Christopher R K Ching, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Anouk Den Braber, Nhat Trung Doan, Stefan Ehrlich, Irina Filippi, Tian Ge, Sudheer Giddaluru, Aaron L Goldman, Rebecca F Gottesman, Corina U Greven, Oliver Grimm, Michael E Griswold, Tulio Guadalupe, Johanna Hass, Unn K Haukvik, Saima Hilal, Edith Hofer, David Hoehn, Avram J Holmes, Martine Hoogman, Deborah Janowitz, Tianye Jia, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Sungeun Kim, Marieke Klein, Bernd Kraemer, Phil H Lee, Jiemin Liao, David C M Liewald, Lorna M Lopez, Michelle Luciano, Christine Macare, Andre Marquand, Mar Matarin, Karen A Mather, Manuel Mattheisen, Bernard Mazoyer, David R McKay, Rebekah McWhirter, Yuri Milaneschi, Nazanin Mirza-Schreiber, Ryan L Muetzel, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Kwangsik Nho, Allison C Nugent, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Jaap Oosterlaan, Martina Papmeyer, Irene Pappa, Lukas Pirpamer, Sara Pudas, Benno Pütz, Kumar B Rajan, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Jennifer S Richards, Shannon L Risacher, Roberto Roiz-Santiañez, Nanda Rommelse, Emma J Rose, Natalie A Royle, Tatjana Rundek, Philipp G Sämann, Claudia L Satizabal, Lianne Schmaal, Andrew J Schork, Li Shen, Jean Shin, Elena Shumskaya, Albert V Smith, Emma Sprooten, Lachlan T Strike, Alexander Teumer, Russell Thomson, Diana Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Roberto Toro, Daniah Trabzuni, Dhananjay Vaidya, Jeroen Van der Grond, Dennis Van der Meer, Marjolein M J Van Donkelaar, Kristel R Van Eijk, Theo G M Van Erp, Daan Van Rooij, Esther Walton, Lars T Westlye, Christopher D Whelan, Beverly G Windham, Anderson M Winkler, Girma Woldehawariat, Christiane Wolf, Thomas Wolfers, Bing Xu, Lisa R Yanek, Jingyun Yang, Alex Zijdenbos, Marcel P Zwiers, Ingrid Agartz, Neelum T Aggarwal, Laura Almasy, David Ames, Philippe Amouyel, Ole A Andreassen, Sampath Arepalli, Amelia A Assareh, Sandra Barral, Mark E Bastin, Diane M Becker, James T Becker, David A Bennett, John Blangero, Hans van Bokhoven, Dorret I Boomsma, Henry Brodaty, Rachel M Brouwer, Han G Brunner, Randy L Buckner, Jan K Buitelaar, Kazima B Bulayeva, Wiepke Cahn, Vince D Calhoun, Dara M Cannon, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Christopher Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Sven Cichon, Mark R Cookson, Aiden Corvin, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Joanne E Curran, Michael Czisch, Anders M Dale, Gareth E Davies, Eco J C De Geus, Philip L De Jager, Greig I de Zubicaray, Norman Delanty, Chantal Depondt, Anita L DeStefano, Allissa Dillman, Srdjan Djurovic, Gary Donohoe, Wayne C Drevets, Ravi Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Susanne Erk, Thomas Espeseth, Denis A Evans, Iryna O Fedko, Guillén Fernández, Luigi Ferrucci, Simon E Fisher, Debra A Fleischman, Ian Ford, Tatiana M Foroud, Peter T Fox, Clyde Francks, Masaki Fukunaga, J Raphael Gibbs, David C Glahn, Randy L Gollub, Harald H H Göring, Hans J Grabe, Robert C Green, Oliver Gruber, Vilmundur Gudnason, Sebastian Guelfi, Narelle K Hansell, John Hardy, Catharina A Hartman, Ryota Hashimoto, Katrin Hegenscheid, Andreas Heinz, Stephanie Le Hellard, Dena G Hernandez, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Beng-Choon Ho, Pieter J Hoekstra, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Albert Hofman, Florian Holsboer, Georg Homuth, Norbert Hosten, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Masashi Ikeda, M Kamran Ikram, Clifford R Jack, Mark Jenkinson, Robert Johnson, Erik G Jönsson, J Wouter Jukema, René S Kahn, Ryota Kanai, Iwona Kloszewska, David S Knopman, Peter Kochunov, John B Kwok, Stephen M Lawrie, Hervé Lemaître, Xinmin Liu, Dan L Longo, W T Longstreth, Oscar L Lopez, Simon Lovestone, Oliver Martinez, Jean-Luc Martinot, Venkata S Mattay, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Katie L McMahon, Francis J McMahon, Patrizia Mecocci, Ingrid Melle, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Sebastian Mohnke, Grant W Montgomery, Derek W Morris, Thomas H Mosley, Thomas W Mühleisen, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Michael A Nalls, Matthias Nauck, Thomas E Nichols, Wiro J Niessen, Markus M Nöthen, Lars Nyberg, Kazutaka Ohi, Rene L Olvera, Roel A Ophoff, Massimo Pandolfo, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Brenda W J H Penninx, G Bruce Pike, Steven G Potkin, Bruce M Psaty, Simone Reppermund, Marcella Rietschel, Joshua L Roffman, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Jerome I Rotter, Mina Ryten, Ralph L Sacco, Perminder S Sachdev, Andrew J Saykin, Reinhold Schmidt, Peter R Schofield, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Andy Simmons, Andrew Singleton, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Colin Smith, Jordan W Smoller, Hilkka Soininen, Velandai Srikanth, Vidar M Steen, David J Stott, Jessika E Sussmann, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Henning Tiemeier, Arthur W Toga, Bryan J Traynor, Juan Troncoso, Jessica A Turner, Christophe Tzourio, Andre G Uitterlinden, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Marcel Van der Brug, Aad Van der Lugt, Nic J A Van der Wee, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Neeltje E M Van Haren, Dennis Van T Ent, Marie-Jose Van Tol, Badri N Vardarajan, Dick J Veltman, Meike W Vernooij, Henry Völzke, Henrik Walter, Joanna M Wardlaw, Thomas H Wassink, Michael E Weale, Daniel R Weinberger, Michael W Weiner, Wei Wen, Eric Westman, Tonya White, Tien Y Wong, Clinton B Wright, H Ronald Zielke, Alan B Zonderman, Ian J Deary, Charles DeCarli, Helena Schmidt, Nicholas G Martin, Anton J M De Craen, Margaret J Wright, Lenore J Launer, Gunter Schumann, Myriam Fornage, Barbara Franke, Stéphanie Debette, Sarah E Medland, M Arfan Ikram, Paul M Thompson
Intracranial volume reflects the maximally attained brain size during development, and remains stable with loss of tissue in late life. It is highly heritable, but the underlying genes remain largely undetermined. In a genome-wide association study of 32,438 adults, we discovered five previously unknown loci for intracranial volume and confirmed two known signals. Four of the loci were also associated with adult human stature, but these remained associated with intracranial volume after adjusting for height...
December 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685361/temporary-rectal-stenting-for-management-of-severe-perineal-wounds-in-two-dogs
#8
Owen T Skinner, Laura C Cuddy, James G Coisman, Jennifer L Covey, Gary W Ellison
Perineal wounds in dogs present a challenge due to limited local availability of skin for closure and constant exposure to fecal contaminants. This report describes temporary rectal stenting in two dogs following severe perineal wounds. Dog 1 presented with a 4 × 4 cm full-thickness perineal slough secondary to multiple rectal perforations. A 12 mm internal diameter endotracheal tube was placed per-rectum as a temporary stent to minimize fecal contamination. The stent was removed 18 days after placement, and the perineal wound had healed at 32 days post-stent placement, when a minor rectal stricture associated with mild, intermittent tenesmus was detected...
November 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682034/adjunctive-azithromycin-prophylaxis-for-cesarean-delivery
#9
Alan T N Tita, Jeff M Szychowski, Kim Boggess, George Saade, Sherri Longo, Erin Clark, Sean Esplin, Kirsten Cleary, Ron Wapner, Kellett Letson, Michelle Owens, Adi Abramovici, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Gary Cutter, William Andrews
Background The addition of azithromycin to standard regimens for antibiotic prophylaxis before cesarean delivery may further reduce the rate of postoperative infection. We evaluated the benefits and safety of azithromycin-based extended-spectrum prophylaxis in women undergoing nonelective cesarean section. Methods In this trial conducted at 14 centers in the United States, we studied 2013 women who had a singleton pregnancy with a gestation of 24 weeks or more and who were undergoing cesarean delivery during labor or after membrane rupture...
September 29, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527638/thrombosis-in-cancer-research-priorities-identified-by-a-national-cancer-institute-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-strategic-working-group
#10
Nigel S Key, Alok A Khorana, Nigel Mackman, Owen J T McCarty, Gilbert C White, Charles W Francis, Keith R McCrae, Joseph S Palumbo, Gary E Raskob, Andrew T Chan, Anil K Sood
The risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increased in cancer and particularly with chemotherapy, and it portends poorer survival among patients with cancer. However, many fundamental questions about cancer-associated VTE, or Trousseau syndrome, remain unanswered. This report summarizes the proceedings of a working group assembled by the NCI and NHLBI in August 2014 to explore the state of the science in cancer-associated VTE, identify clinically important research gaps, and develop consensus on priorities for future research...
July 1, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453893/when-it-all-gets-to-be-too-much-addressing-diabetes-distress-in-african-americans
#11
Adeola Akindana, Michelle Owens-Gary, Alexis Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: AADE in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375349/it-s-back-to-school-time-the-role-of-school-nurses-in-preparing-a-medically-safe-and-supportive-environment-for-students-with-diabetes
#12
Michelle Owens-Gary, Laura Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: School Nurse News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356024/economic-burden-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-the-role-of-managed-sare-organizations-in-multiple-sclerosis-management
#13
Gary M Owens
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is disease that has an early age of onset and may intensify and subside with disease relapses or exacerbations interrupted by periods of stability. Because of this, patients, their families and caregivers, employers, and the entire healthcare system carry substantial clinical and economic burdens associated with the disease over of a period of many years. Although most patients with MS are covered by health insurance, the management landscape has become increasingly complex over the past decade with the introduction and approval of several new disease-modifying therapies that, while remarkably effective and well tolerated, usually come with a very high cost...
June 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318768/differential-anti-thrombotic-benefit-and-bleeding-risk-profiles-of-antagonists-of-protease-activated-receptor-1-and-4-in-cynomolgus-macaques
#14
L Alexandra Wickham, Gary Sitko, Maria Stranieri-Michener, Larry Handt, Andrea Basso, Steven Fried, Lin Chu, Maria Maderia, Karen Owens, Gino Castriota, Zhu Chen, Joseph M Metzger, Jason Imbriglio, Xinkang Wang, Tian-Quan Cai
Platelet activation plays a crucial role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Thrombin, the most potent stimulus of platelet activation, mediates platelet activation via the protease activated receptors (PARs). The platelet PAR repertoire in mediating thrombin's action differs across species. Only nonhuman primate (NHP) platelet activation is known to be similar to humans, mediated by PAR1 and PAR4, hence limiting translational in vivo studies of PAR's role in thrombosis and hemostasis to NHPs. Earlier studies have demonstrated a range of distinct in vitro activities of PAR1 and 4 in platelet activation yet the implications of these events in vivo is unclear...
September 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213564/an-integrated-approach-to-safer-plant-production-on-metal-contaminated-soils-using-species-selection-and-chemical-immobilization
#15
Hyuck Soo Kim, Byoung-Hwan Seo, Jun-Sik Bae, Won-Il Kim, Gary Owens, Kwon-Rae Kim
In order to examine the species specific accumulation of heavy metals in medicinal crops, seven different common medicinal plants were cultivated on a Cd (55mgkg(-1)) and Pb (1283mgkg(-1)) contaminated soil. Subsequently, the effect of various immobilizing agents, applied in isolation and in combination, on Cd and Pb uptake by two medicinal plant species was examined. Cadmium and Pb root concentrations in medicinal plants grown in the control soil varied between 0.5 and 2.6mgkg(-1) for Cd and 3.2 and 36.4mgkg(-1) for Pb...
September 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183216/activation-of-the-pluripotency-factor-oct4-in-smooth-muscle-cells-is-atheroprotective
#16
Olga A Cherepanova, Delphine Gomez, Laura S Shankman, Pamela Swiatlowska, Jason Williams, Olga F Sarmento, Gabriel F Alencar, Daniel L Hess, Melissa H Bevard, Elizabeth S Greene, Meera Murgai, Stephen D Turner, Yong-Jian Geng, Stefan Bekiranov, Jessica J Connelly, Alexey Tomilin, Gary K Owens
Although somatic cell activation of the embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency factor OCT4 has been reported, this previous work has been controversial and has not demonstrated a functional role for OCT4 in somatic cells. Here we demonstrate that smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific conditional knockout of Oct4 in Apoe(-/-) mice resulted in increased lesion size and changes in lesion composition that are consistent with decreased plaque stability, including a thinner fibrous cap, increased necrotic core area, and increased intraplaque hemorrhage...
June 2016: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136143/holistic-evaluation-of-field-scale-denitrifying-bioreactors-as-a-basis-to-improve-environmental-sustainability
#17
Owen Fenton, Mark G Healy, Fiona P Brennan, Steven F Thornton, Gary J Lanigan, Tristan G Ibrahim
Denitrifying bioreactors convert nitrate-nitrogen (NO-N) to di-nitrogen and protect water quality. Herein, the performance of a pilot-scale bioreactor (10 m long, 5 m wide, 2 m deep) containing seven alternating cells filled with either sandy loam soil or lodgepole pine woodchip and with a novel "zig-zag" flow pattern was investigated. The influent water had an average NO-N concentration of 25 mg L. The performance of the bioreactor was evaluated in two scenarios. In Scenario 1, only NO-N removal was evaluated; in Scenario 2, NO-N removal, ammonium-N (NH-N), and dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) generation was considered...
May 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071622/pathogenetics-of-alveolar-capillary-dysplasia-with-misalignment-of-pulmonary-veins
#18
Przemyslaw Szafranski, Tomasz Gambin, Avinash V Dharmadhikari, Kadir Caner Akdemir, Shalini N Jhangiani, Jennifer Schuette, Nihal Godiwala, Svetlana A Yatsenko, Jessica Sebastian, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Urvashi Surti, Rosanna G Abellar, David A Bateman, Ashley L Wilson, Melinda H Markham, Jill Slamon, Fernando Santos-Simarro, María Palomares, Julián Nevado, Pablo Lapunzina, Brian Hon-Yin Chung, Wai-Lap Wong, Yoyo Wing Yiu Chu, Gary Tsz Kin Mok, Eitan Kerem, Joel Reiter, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Scott A Anderson, David R Kelly, Joseph Shieh, Taryn C Rosenthal, Kristin Scheible, Laurie Steiner, M Anwar Iqbal, Margaret L McKinnon, Sara Jane Hamilton, Kamilla Schlade-Bartusiak, Dawn English, Glenda Hendson, Elizabeth R Roeder, Thomas S DeNapoli, Rebecca Okashah Littlejohn, Daynna J Wolff, Carol L Wagner, Alison Yeung, David Francis, Elizabeth K Fiorino, Morris Edelman, Joyce Fox, Denise A Hayes, Sandra Janssens, Elfride De Baere, Björn Menten, Anne Loccufier, Lieve Vanwalleghem, Philippe Moerman, Yves Sznajer, Amy S Lay, Jennifer L Kussmann, Jasneek Chawla, Diane J Payton, Gael E Phillips, Erwin Brosens, Dick Tibboel, Annelies de Klein, Isabelle Maystadt, Richard Fisher, Neil Sebire, Alison Male, Maya Chopra, Jason Pinner, Girvan Malcolm, Gregory Peters, Susan Arbuckle, Melissa Lees, Zoe Mead, Oliver Quarrell, Richard Sayers, Martina Owens, Charles Shaw-Smith, Janet Lioy, Eileen McKay, Nicole de Leeuw, Ilse Feenstra, Liesbeth Spruijt, Frances Elmslie, Timothy Thiruchelvam, Carlos A Bacino, Claire Langston, James R Lupski, Partha Sen, Edwina Popek, Paweł Stankiewicz
Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) is a lethal lung developmental disorder caused by heterozygous point mutations or genomic deletion copy-number variants (CNVs) of FOXF1 or its upstream enhancer involving fetal lung-expressed long noncoding RNA genes LINC01081 and LINC01082. Using custom-designed array comparative genomic hybridization, Sanger sequencing, whole exome sequencing (WES), and bioinformatic analyses, we studied 22 new unrelated families (20 postnatal and two prenatal) with clinically diagnosed ACDMPV...
May 2016: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941743/evidence-for-resident-memory-t-cells-in-rasmussen-encephalitis
#19
Geoffrey C Owens, Julia W Chang, My N Huynh, Thabiso Chirwa, Harry V Vinters, Gary W Mathern
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a rare pediatric neuroinflammatory disease of unknown etiology characterized by intractable seizures, and progressive atrophy usually confined to one cerebral hemisphere. Surgical removal or disconnection of the affected cerebral hemisphere is currently the only intervention that effectively stops the seizures. Histopathological evaluation of resected brain tissue has shown that activated brain resident macrophages (microglia) and infiltrating T cells are involved in the inflammatory reaction...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892967/vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-atherosclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Martin R Bennett, Sanjay Sinha, Gary K Owens
The historical view of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerosis is that aberrant proliferation of VSMCs promotes plaque formation, but that VSMCs in advanced plaques are entirely beneficial, for example preventing rupture of the fibrous cap. However, this view has been based on ideas that there is a homogenous population of VSMCs within the plaque, that can be identified separate from other plaque cells (particularly macrophages) using standard VSMC and macrophage immunohistochemical markers...
February 19, 2016: Circulation Research
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