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vascular smooth muscle cell plasticity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921447/structure-pharmacology-and-roles-in-physiology-of-the-p2y12-receptor
#1
Ivar von Kügelgen
P2Y receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) for extracellular nucleotides. The platelet ADP-receptor which has been denominated P2Y12 receptor is an important target in pharmacotherapy. The receptor couples to Gαi2 mediating an inhibition of cyclic AMP accumulation and additional downstream events including the activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and Rap1b proteins. The nucleoside analogue ticagrelor and active metabolites of the thienopyridine compounds ticlopidine, clopidogrel and prasugrel block P2Y12 receptors and, thereby, inhibit ADP-induced platelet aggregation...
September 12, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920957/klf4-dependent-perivascular-cell-plasticity-mediates-pre-metastatic-niche-formation-and-metastasis
#2
Meera Murgai, Wei Ju, Matthew Eason, Jessica Kline, Daniel W Beury, Sabina Kaczanowska, Markku M Miettinen, Michael Kruhlak, Haiyan Lei, Jack F Shern, Olga A Cherepanova, Gary K Owens, Rosandra N Kaplan
A deeper understanding of the metastatic process is required for the development of new therapies that improve patient survival. Metastatic tumor cell growth and survival in distant organs is facilitated by the formation of a pre-metastatic niche that is composed of hematopoietic cells, stromal cells and extracellular matrix (ECM). Perivascular cells, including vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMCs) and pericytes, are involved in new vessel formation and in promoting stem cell maintenance and proliferation. Given the well-described plasticity of perivascular cells, we hypothesized that perivascular cells similarly regulate tumor cell fate at metastatic sites...
September 18, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912461/vimentin-knockout-results-in-increased-expression-of-sub-endothelial-basement-membrane-components-and-carotid-stiffness-in-mice
#3
Benoit Langlois, Ekaterina Belozertseva, Ara Parlakian, Mustapha Bourhim, Jacqueline Gao-Li, Jocelyne Blanc, Lei Tian, Dario Coletti, Carlos Labat, Zhor Ramdame-Cherif, Pascal Challande, Véronique Regnault, Patrick Lacolley, Li Zhenlin
Intermediate filaments are involved in stress-related cell mechanical properties and in plasticity via the regulation of focal adhesions (FAs) and the actomyosin network. We investigated whether vimentin regulates endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and thereby influences vasomotor tone and arterial stiffness. Vimentin knockout mice (Vim(-/-)) exhibited increased expression of laminin, fibronectin, perlecan, collagen IV and VE-cadherin as well as von Willebrand factor deposition in the subendothelial basement membrane...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816361/msel-1l-deficiency-affects-vasculogenesis-and-neural-stem-cell-lineage-commitment
#4
Marina Cardano, Giuseppe R Diaferia, Luciano Conti, Simona Baronchelli, Alessandro Sessa, Vania Broccoli, Andrea Barbieri, Pasquale De Blasio, Ida Biunno
mSEL-1L is a highly conserved ER-resident type I protein, involved in the degradation of misfolded peptides through the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), a pathway known to control the plasticity of the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) phenotype and survival. In this article, we demonstrate that mSEL-1L deficiency interferes with the murine embryonic vascular network, showing particular irregularities in the intracranic and intersomitic neurovascular units and in the cerebral capillary microcirculation...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811128/a-newly-synthesized-ligustrazine-stilbene-derivative-inhibits-pdgf-bb-induced-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotypic-switch-and-proliferation-via-delaying-cell-cycle-progression
#5
Chunlian Peng, Siming Zhang, Haixin Liu, Yanxiao Jiao, Guifa Su, Yan Zhu
Vascular Smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) possess remarkable phenotype plasticity that allows it to rapidly adapt to fluctuating environmental cues, including the period of development and progression of vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis subsequent to vein grafting or coronary intervention. Although VSMC phenotypic switch is an attractive target, there is no effective drug so far. Using rat aortic VSMCs, we investigate the effects of Ligustrazine and its synthetic derivatives on platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) induced proliferation and phenotypic switch by a cell image-based screening of 60 Ligustrazine stilbene derivatives...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717251/transdifferentiated-human-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-are-a-new-potential-cell-source-for-endothelial-regeneration
#6
Xuechong Hong, Andriana Margariti, Alexandra Le Bras, Laureen Jacquet, Wei Kong, Yanhua Hu, Qingbo Xu
Endothelial dysfunction is widely implicated in cardiovascular pathological changes and development of vascular disease. In view of the fact that the spontaneous endothelial cell (EC) regeneration is a slow and insufficient process, it is of great interest to explore alternative cell sources capable of generating functional ECs. Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) composes the majority of the vascular wall and retains phenotypic plasticity in response to various stimuli. The aim of this study is to test the feasibility of the conversion of SMC into functional EC through the use of reprogramming factors...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659168/gene-expression-profiles-and-signaling-mechanisms-in-%C3%AE-2b-adrenoceptor-evoked-proliferation-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#7
Anna Huhtinen, Vesa Hongisto, Asta Laiho, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Dirk Pijnenburg, Mika Scheinin
BACKGROUND: α2-adrenoceptors are important regulators of vascular tone and blood pressure. Regulation of cell proliferation is a less well investigated consequence of α2-adrenoceptor activation. We have previously shown that α2B-adrenoceptor activation stimulates proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). This may be important for blood vessel development and plasticity and for the pathology and therapeutics of cardiovascular disorders. The underlying cellular mechanisms have remained mostly unknown...
June 28, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348036/tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-in-control-of-cardiovascular-function
#8
Marie-José Goumans, Peter Ten Dijke
Genetic studies in animals and humans indicate that gene mutations that functionally perturb transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling are linked to specific hereditary vascular syndromes, including Osler-Rendu-Weber disease or hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and Marfan syndrome. Disturbed TGF-β signaling can also cause nonhereditary disorders like atherosclerosis and cardiac fibrosis. Accordingly, cell culture studies using endothelial cells or smooth muscle cells (SMCs), cultured alone or together in two- or three-dimensional cell culture assays, on plastic or embedded in matrix, have shown that TGF-β has a pivotal effect on endothelial and SMC proliferation, differentiation, migration, tube formation, and sprouting...
March 27, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170170/the-infrapatellar-fat-pad-as-a-source-of-perivascular-stem-cells-with-increased-chondrogenic-potential-for-regenerative-medicine
#9
Paul Hindle, Nusrat Khan, Leela Biant, Bruno Péault
Perivascular stem cells (PSCs) are the natural ancestors of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and are the stem cells responsible for homeostasis and repair in vivo. Prospectively identified and isolated PSCs have demonstrated increased plasticity and osteogenic potential. Cells from the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) have demonstrated increased chondrogenic potential compared with those from subcutaneous fat. This research assessed the chondrogenic potential of IFP PSCs compared with MSCs from the IFP and bone marrow...
January 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111199/pericytes-of-multiple-organs-do-not-behave-as-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in%C3%A2-vivo
#10
Nuno Guimarães-Camboa, Paola Cattaneo, Yunfu Sun, Thomas Moore-Morris, Yusu Gu, Nancy D Dalton, Edward Rockenstein, Eliezer Masliah, Kirk L Peterson, William B Stallcup, Ju Chen, Sylvia M Evans
Pericytes are widely believed to function as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), multipotent tissue-resident progenitors with great potential for regenerative medicine. Cultured pericytes isolated from distinct tissues can differentiate into multiple cell types in vitro or following transplantation in vivo. However, the cell fate plasticity of endogenous pericytes in vivo remains unclear. Here, we show that the transcription factor Tbx18 selectively marks pericytes and vascular smooth muscle cells in multiple organs of adult mouse...
March 2, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980245/synthesis-and-characterization-of-8-nitroguanosine-3-5-cyclic-monophosphorothioate-rp-isomer-as-a-potent-inhibitor-of-protein-kinase-g1%C3%AE
#11
Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed, Tianli Zhang, Katsuhiko Ono, Hiroyasu Tsutsuki, Tomoaki Ida, Soichiro Akashi, Keishi Miyata, Yuichi Oike, Takaaki Akaike, Tomohiro Sawa
Guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinases (PKG) are kinases regulating diverse physiological functions including vascular smooth muscle relaxation, neuronal synaptic plasticity, and platelet activities. Certain PKG inhibitors, such as Rp-diastereomers of derivatives of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate (Rp-cGMPS), have been designed and used to study PKG-regulated cell signaling. 8-Nitroguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-nitro-cGMP) is an endogenous cGMP derivative formed as a result of excess production of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide...
March 1, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924445/growth-arrest-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-suspension-culture-using-low-acyl-gellan-gum
#12
Tomomi Natori, Masachika Fujiyoshi, Masashi Uchida, Natsuki Abe, Tatsuro Kanaki, Yasunori Fukumoto, Itsuko Ishii
The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) causes restenosis in biomaterial vascular grafts. The purposes of this study were to establish a suspension culture system for SMCs by using a novel substrate, low-acyl gellan gum (GG) and to maintain SMCs in a state of growth inhibition. When SMCs were cultured in suspension with GG, their proliferation was inhibited. Their viability was 70% at day 2, which was maintained at more than 50% until day 5. In contrast, the viability of cells cultured in suspension without GG was 5...
March 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774580/trpv1-attenuates-intracranial-arteriole-remodeling-through-inhibiting-vsmc-phenotypic-modulation-in-hypertension
#13
Ming-Jie Zhang, Yun Liu, Zi-Cheng Hu, Yi Zhou, Yan Pi, Lu Guo, Xu Wang, Xue Chen, Jing-Cheng Li, Li-Li Zhang
The phenotypic modulation of contractile vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is widely accepted as the pivotal process in the arterial remodeling induced by hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) on regulating VSMC plasticity and intracranial arteriole remodeling in hypertension. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and TRPV1(-/-) mice on a C57BL/6J background were used. By microscopic observation of the histopathological sections of vessels from hypertensive SHR and age-matched normotensive WKY control rats, we found that hypertension induced arterial remodeling...
April 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744418/the-protective-role-of-sirt1-in-vascular-tissue-its-relationship-to-vascular-aging-and-atherosclerosis
#14
Munehiro Kitada, Yoshio Ogura, Daisuke Koya
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to atherosclerosis is the main cause of death in both the elderly and patients with metabolic diseases, including diabetes. Aging processes contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Calorie restriction (CR) is recognized as a dietary intervention for promoting longevity and delaying age-related diseases, including atherosclerosis. Sirt1, an NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase, is considered an anti-aging molecule and is induced during CR. Sirt1 deacetylates target proteins and is linked to cellular metabolism, the redox state and survival pathways...
October 15, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682618/extensive-proliferation-of-a-subset-of-differentiated-yet-plastic-medial-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-contributes-to-neointimal-formation-in-mouse-injury-and-atherosclerosis-models
#15
Joel Chappell, Jennifer L Harman, Vagheesh M Narasimhan, Haixiang Yu, Kirsty Foote, Benjamin D Simons, Martin R Bennett, Helle F Jørgensen
RATIONALE: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) accumulation is a hallmark of atherosclerosis and vascular injury. However, fundamental aspects of proliferation and the phenotypic changes within individual VSMCs, which underlie vascular disease, remain unresolved. In particular, it is not known whether all VSMCs proliferate and display plasticity or whether individual cells can switch to multiple phenotypes. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether proliferation and plasticity in disease is a general characteristic of VSMCs or a feature of a subset of cells...
December 9, 2016: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510531/intracellular-calcium-increases-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-with-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-rat-model
#16
Stacey Dineen Rodenbeck, Chad A Zarse, Mikaela L McKenney-Drake, Rebecca S Bruning, Michael Sturek, Neal X Chen, Sharon M Moe
Background: Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) exhibit phenotypic plasticity, promoting vascular calcification and increasing cardiovascular risk. Changes in VSMC intracellular calcium ([Ca 2+ ] i ) are a major determinant of plasticity, but little is known about changes in [Ca 2+ ] i in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We have previously demonstrated such plasticity in aortas from our rat model of CKD and therefore sought to examine changes in [Ca 2+ ] i during CKD progression. Materials and Methods: We examined freshly isolated VSMCs from aortas of normal rats, Cy/+ rats (CKD) with early and advanced CKD, and advanced CKD rats treated without and with 3% calcium gluconate (CKD + Ca 2+ ) to lower parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496567/the-infrapatellar-fat-pad-as-a-source-of-perivascular-stem-cells-with-increased-chondrogenic-potential-for-regenerative-medicine
#17
Paul Hindle, Nusrat Khan, Leela Biant, Bruno Péault
: Perivascular stem cells (PSCs) are the natural ancestors of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and are the stem cells responsible for homeostasis and repair in vivo. Prospectively identified and isolated PSCs have demonstrated increased plasticity and osteogenic potential. Cells from the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) have demonstrated increased chondrogenic potential compared with those from subcutaneous fat. This research assessed the chondrogenic potential of IFP PSCs compared with MSCs from the IFP and bone marrow...
August 5, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470512/fibroblast-growth-factor-12-is-a-novel-regulator-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-plasticity-and-fate
#18
Sun-Hwa Song, Kyungjong Kim, Eun-Kyung Jo, Young-Wook Kim, Jin-Sook Kwon, Sun Sik Bae, Jong-Hyuk Sung, Sang Gyu Park, Jee Taek Kim, Wonhee Suh
OBJECTIVE: Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) modulate their phenotype between synthetic and contractile states in response to environmental changes; this modulation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of restenosis and atherosclerosis. Here, we identified fibroblast growth factor 12 (FGF12) as a novel key regulator of the VSMC phenotype switch. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Using murine models and human specimens, we found that FGF12 was highly expressed in contractile VSMCs of normal vessel walls but was downregulated in synthetic VSMCs from injured and atherosclerotic vessels...
September 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403660/characterisation-of-cultured-mesothelial-cells-derived-from-the-murine-adult-omentum
#19
Sumaya Dauleh, Ilaria Santeramo, Claire Fielding, Kelly Ward, Anne Herrmann, Patricia Murray, Bettina Wilm
The human omentum has been long regarded as a healing patch, used by surgeons for its ability to immunomodulate, repair and vascularise injured tissues. A major component of the omentum are mesothelial cells, which display some of the characteristics of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells. For instance, lineage tracing studies have shown that mesothelial cells give rise to adipocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells, and human and rat mesothelial cells have been shown to differentiate into osteoblast- and adipocyte-like cells in vitro, indicating that they have considerable plasticity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322009/excitation-contraction-coupling-and-excitation-transcription-coupling-in-blood-vessels-their-possible-interactions-in-hypertensive-vascular-remodeling
#20
REVIEW
E Misárková, M Behuliak, M Bencze, J Zicha
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) display considerable phenotype plasticity which can be studied in vivo on vascular remodeling which occurs during acute or chronic vascular injury. In differentiated cells, which represent contractile phenotype, there are characteristic rapid transient changes of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i), while the resting cytosolic [Ca(2+)]i concentration is low. It is mainly caused by two components of the Ca(2+) signaling pathways: Ca(2+) entry via L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels and dynamic involvement of intracellular stores...
June 20, 2016: Physiological Research
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