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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786894/the-prognostic-role-of-phase-angle-in-advanced-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Mayane Marinho Esteves Pereira, Mariana Dos Santos Campello Queiroz, Nathália Masiero Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Juliana Rodrigues, Emanuelly Varea Maria Wiegert, Larissa Calixto-Lima, Livia Costa de Oliveira
Phase angle (PA) is a ratio between the reactance and resistance obtained by bioelectric impedance analysis and has been interpreted as a cell membrane integrity indicator and a predictor of total body cell mass. A low PA may suggest deterioration of the cell membrane, which in advanced cancer patients may result in a reduced overall survival (OS). This systematic review sought to investigate the current evidence regarding whether there is an association between PA and OS in patients with advanced cancer (ie, metastatic disease)...
May 22, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783203/mechanical-characterization-and-ion-release-of-bioactive-dental-composites-containing-calcium-phosphate-particles
#2
Livia C Natale, Marcela C Rodrigues, Yvette Alania, Marina D S Chiari, Leticia C C Boaro, Marycel Cotrim, Oscar Vega, Roberto R Braga
OBJECTIVE: to verify the effect of the addition of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) particles functionalized with di- or triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA or TEGDMA) on the degree of conversion (DC), post-gel shrinkage (PS), mechanical properties, and ion release of experimental composites. METHODS: Four composites were prepared containing a BisGMA/TEGDMA matrix and 60 vol% of fillers. The positive control contained only barium glass fillers, while in the other composites 15 vol% of the barium was replaced by DCPD...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782632/prevalence-of-clinically-validated-primary-causes-of-end-stage-renal-disease-esrd-in-a-state-capital-in-northeastern-brazil
#3
Luana Rodrigues Sarmento, Paula Frassinetti Castelo Branco Camurça Fernandes, Marcelo Ximenes Pontes, Daniel Barros Santos Correia, Victhor Castelo Branco Chaves, Cecília Ferreira de Araújo Carvalho, Tiago Lima Arnaud, Matheus Henrique Seixas Dos Santos, Livia Cristina Barros Barreto, Larissa Alves Alexandre Moliterno
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of validated primary causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is extremely relevant in the realm of public health. The literature lacks validated studies on the primary causes of ESRD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of the causes of ESRD in a State Capital in Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on the analysis of medical records of patients on hemodialysis at five specialized centers in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil...
May 17, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780400/led-lighting-modification-of-growth-metabolism-yield-and-flour-composition-in-wheat-by-spectral-quality-and-intensity
#4
István Monostori, Márk Heilmann, Gábor Kocsy, Marianna Rakszegi, Mohamed Ahres, Susan B Altenbach, Gabriella Szalai, Magda Pál, Dávid Toldi, Livia Simon-Sarkadi, Noémi Harnos, Gábor Galiba, Éva Darko
The use of light-emitting diode (LED) technology for plant cultivation under controlled environmental conditions can result in significant reductions in energy consumption. However, there is still a lack of detailed information on the lighting conditions required for optimal growth of different plant species and the effects of light intensity and spectral composition on plant metabolism and nutritional quality. In the present study, wheat plants were grown under six regimens designed to compare the effects of LED and conventional fluorescent lights on growth and development, leaf photosynthesis, thiol and amino acid metabolism as well as grain yield and flour quality of wheat...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780375/effect-of-artinm-on-human-blood-cells-during-infection-with-paracoccidioides-brasiliensis
#5
Luciana P Ruas, Livia M Genaro, Amauri S Justo-Junior, Lilian O Coser, Lívia F de Castro, Plinio Trabasso, Ronei L Mamoni, Maria-Cristina Roque-Barreira, Maria-Heloisa S L Blotta
Infections caused by fungi are prominent in our environment and can be potentially fatal. paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), caused by fungi of the Paracoccidioides genus, is the most frequent systemic mycosis in Brazil and the main cause of death among immunocompetent individuals. The antifungal therapy for PCM is usually effective but side effects and relapses are often reported. The latter could be avoided with alternative or complementary therapies aimed at boosting the immune response to combat this pathogen...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779550/peer-workers-in-the-behavioral-and-integrated-health-workforce-opportunities-and-future-directions
#6
Cheryl A Gagne, Wanda L Finch, Keris J Myrick, Livia M Davis
The growth of the peer workforce in behavioral health services is bringing opportunities to organizations and institutions that serve people living with mental and substance use disorders and their families. Peer workers are defined as people in recovery from mental illness or substance use disorders or both that possess specific peer support competencies. Similar roles are identified for families of people in recovery. Peer support has been implemented in a vast range of behavioral health services, including in the relatively new use of peer support in criminal justice and emergency service environments...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779202/tumour-stage-and-gender-predict-recurrence-and-second-primary-malignancies-in-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multicentre-study-within-the-inhance-consortium
#7
Emanuele Leoncini, Vladimir Vukovic, Gabriella Cadoni, Luca Giraldi, Roberta Pastorino, Dario Arzani, Livia Petrelli, Victor Wünsch-Filho, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Raquel Ayub Moyses, Keitaro Matsuo, Cristina Bosetti, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Lorenzo Simonato, Franco Merletti, Paolo Boffetta, Mia Hashibe, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Stefania Boccia
Recurrence and second primary cancer (SPC) continue to represent major obstacles to long-term survival in head and neck cancer (HNC). Our aim was to evaluate whether established demographics, lifestyle-related risk factors for HNC and clinical data are associated with recurrence and SPC in HNC. We conducted a multicentre study by using data from five studies members of the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology consortium-Milan, Rome, Western Europe, Sao Paulo, and Japan, totalling 4005 HNC cases with a median age of 59 (interquartile range 52-67)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778899/dopamine-loss-alters-the-hippocampus-nucleus-accumbens-synaptic-transmission-in-the-tg2576-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Alberto Cordella, Paraskevi Krashia, Annalisa Nobili, Annabella Pignataro, Livia La Barbera, Maria Teresa Viscomi, Alessandro Valzania, Flavio Keller, Martine Ammassari-Teule, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Nicola Berretta, Marcello D'Amelio
The functional loop involving the ventral tegmental area (VTA), dorsal hippocampus and nucleus accumbens (NAc) plays a pivotal role in the formation of spatial memory and persistent memory traces. In particular, the dopaminergic innervation from the VTA to the hippocampus is critical for hippocampal-related memory function and alterations in the midbrain dopaminergic system are frequently reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD), contributing to age-related decline in memory and non-cognitive functions. However, much less is known about the hippocampus-NAc connectivity in AD...
May 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776745/anatomical-histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-testicular-development-in-columba-livia-aves-columbiformes
#9
G B Olea, M V Aguirre, D M Lombardo
In this work, testicular ontogeny is analyzed at the anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical levels; the latter through the detection of GnRHR and PCNA in the testicles of embryos, neonates and juveniles of Columba livia. We analyzed 150 embryos, 25 neonates and 5 juveniles by means of observations under a stereoscopic magnifying glass and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The histological analysis was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining techniques and the PAS reaction. For the immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of GnRHR and PCNA in embryos corresponding to stages 41, 43 and in neonates of 2, 5, 7 and 75 days post-hatch was revealed in testicular histological preparations...
May 16, 2018: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775873/psychosocial-stress-and-inflammation-driving-tryptophan-breakdown-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-two-cohorts
#10
Nathalie Michels, Gerard Clarke, Loreto Olavarria-Ramirez, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Livia A Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Tryptophan breakdown is an important mechanism in several diseases e.g. inflammation and stress-induced inflammation have been associated with the development of depression via enhanced tryptophan breakdown. Depression is a major public health problem which commonly starts during adolescence, thus identifying underlying mechanisms during early life is crucial in prevention. The aim of this work was to verify whether independent and interacting associations of psychosocial stress and inflammation on tryptophan breakdown already exist in children and adolescents as a vulnerable age group...
May 15, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775075/authors-lack-of-awareness-and-use-of-core-outcome-set-on-postoperative-pain-in-children-is-hindering-comparative-effectiveness-research
#11
Krste Boric, Matija Boric, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Marijan Batinic, Marija Cavar, Milka Jeric, Livia Puljak
AIM: To analyze awareness about and acceptability of core outcome set (COS) for pediatric pain recommended by the PedIMMPACT. METHODS: We invited authors of systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials about interventions for postoperative pain in children to participate in a survey. RESULTS: Only a third of surveyed authors of systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials about postoperative pain in children had heard about the PedIMMPACT COS for acute pediatric pain...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773952/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-myocardial-protection-in-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Marcelo R Bacci, Livia Y Vasconcelos, Neif Murad, Antonio Carlos P Chagas, Ana Carolina Capuano, Beatriz Ca Alves, Edimar C Pereira, Ligia A Azzalis, Virginia Bc Junqueira, Fernando LA Fonseca
Background: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a procedure that generates a brief period of ischemia followed by reperfusion. The role of RIPC in protecting myocardial ischemia during hemodialysis is not yet established. The aim of the study was to evaluate RIPC myocardial protection as evaluated by ultrasensitive I troponin in hemodialysis outpatients. Patients and methods: A double-blind randomized trial with two groups: intervention submitted to RIPC and control group without RIPC...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773218/kleine-levin-syndrome-the-contribution-of-pet-scan-and-hydrogen-breath-test-for-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#13
Andrea Melpignano, Giulia Milioli, Anna Bertelè, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano, Caterina Ghetti, Liborio Parrino, Livia Ruffini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773140/first-ocular-report-of-gurltia-paralysans-wolffh%C3%A3-gel-1933-in-cat
#14
Raquel Udiz-Rodríguez, Katherine Garcia-Livia, Maria Valladares-Salmerón, Maria Naira Dorta-Almenar, Natalia Martín-Carrillo, Aaron Martin-Alonso, Elena Izquierdo-Rodriguez, Carlos Feliu, Basilio Valladares, Pilar Foronda
A two-year-old cat from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain), presented with two months history of uveitis in the left eye. It had been treated for two months but still showed an active uveitis. After new treatment, eye examination showed a mobile worm in the anterior chamber. Following surgical removal, the worm was obtained. Morphological study revealed that it was a male metastrongyloid nematode (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) with caudal bursa and two similar spicules. Molecular tools based on the 18Sr RNA gene sequence identified the parasite as Gurltia paralysans, which is a neurotropic nematode previously found in South America...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771314/use-of-bibloc-and-monobloc-oral-appliances-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-multicentre-randomized-blinded-parallel-group-equivalence-trial
#15
Göran Isacsson, Eva Nohlert, Anette M C Fransson, Anna Bornefalk-Hermansson, Eva Wiman Eriksson, Eva Ortlieb, Livia Trepp, Anna Avdelius, Magnus Sturebrand, Clara Fodor, Thomas List, Mohamad Schumann, Åke Tegelberg
Background: The clinical benefit of bibloc over monobloc appliances in treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has not been evaluated in randomized trials. We hypothesized that the two types of appliances are equally effective in treating OSA. Objective: To compare the efficacy of monobloc versus bibloc appliances in a short-term perspective. Patients and methods: In this multicentre, randomized, blinded, controlled, parallel-group equivalence trial, patients with OSA were randomly assigned to use either a bibloc or a monobloc appliance...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770862/is-latin-america-ready-to-identify-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-breast-implants-patients-regional-encounter-during-the-national-plastic-surgery-meeting-in-cancun-mexico
#16
EDITORIAL
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, Jesus Cuenca-Pardo, Lazaro Cardenas-Camarena, Hector Duran-Vega, Eugenio Rodríguez-Olivares, Jorge Enrique Bayter-Marin, Gerardo Levelier De Doig Alvear, Guillermo Vazquez, Montserrat Fontbona-Torres, Ricardo Galán-Suárez, Gabriela Guzman-Stein, Sergio Guzmán-Padilla, Guillermo Echeverría-Roldán, Jose Fernando Silva-Gavarrete, Alfonso Vallarta-Rodríguez, Livia Contreras-Bulnes, Carlos Guillemro Oaxaca-Escobar, Isabel Caravantes-Cortes, María Eugenia Flores, Jorge Cowes-McGowen, María Liz Maciel-Sosa, Ricardo Delgado-Binasco, Linda Rincón-Rubio
INTRODUCTION: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants is receiving increased attention. Most cases have been reported in Europe, North America (USA and Canada), Australia and New Zealand. Fewer cases have been reported in Latin America (including Mexico), Africa and Asia. METHODS: This report was delivered during our national plastic surgery meeting in Cancun in May 2017. Before the meeting, two participants reviewed the literature. The review was performed using the following information sources: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Fisterra, Google Scholar and LILACS, with entries from 1980 to August 2015 in several languages (English, Spanish, French and Portuguese)...
May 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768609/-evaluation-of-the-national-school-food-program-review-of-the-literature
#17
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Nadinne Lívia Silva de Melo, Franciely Albuquerque Silva, Erika Morganna Neves Araujo
The National School Food Program (PNAE) constitutes an important strategy for the promotion of healthy eating. The objective was to perform a brief analysis of evaluative research on the PNAE. It involved a search of the literature from 2010 to 2015 in the Bireme and Scielo databases. Twelve articles were selected linked to the area, eight of which analyzed the insertion of the nutritionist in the PNAE; seven, to buy food from family farms; five, the implementation of School Food Councils; five, the compilation of menus; and four, funding destined for the PNAE...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768530/ns1-codon-usage-adaptation-to-humans-in-pandemic-zika-virus
#18
Caio César de Melo Freire, Giuseppe Palmisano, Carla T Braconi, Fernanda R Cugola, Fabiele B Russo, Patricia Cb Beltrão-Braga, Atila Iamarino, Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto, Amadou Alpha Sall, Livia Rosa-Fernandes, Martin R Larsen, Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) was recognised as a zoonotic pathogen in Africa and southeastern Asia. Human infections were infrequently reported until 2007, when the first known epidemic occurred in Micronesia. After 2013, the Asian lineage of ZIKV spread along the Pacific Islands and Americas, causing severe outbreaks with millions of human infections. The recent human infections of ZIKV were also associated with severe complications, such as an increase in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome and the emergence of congenital Zika syndrome...
May 10, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763343/clinical-and-patient-related-outcomes-of-a-tapered-implant-system-with-switched-platform-conical-abutments-a-private-practice-field-trial
#19
Jacob Horwitz, Eli E Machtei, Shai Frankental, Eran Gabay, Yaniv Mayer, Livia Joseph, Omer Cohen
The aim of this prospective cohort observational field trial was to examine 1-year survival and success rates of a recently introduced tapered implant system with switched platform conical abutments and to evaluate patient related outcomes of therapy. Partially edentulous patients aged between 18-75, with available bone height for dental implants ≥ 10mm mm. desiring to restore the missing tooth/teeth with implant supported restoration, were recruited by seven periodontists in their respective private practices...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758031/the-mass-use-of-deltamethrin-collars-to-control-and-prevent-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-a-field-effectiveness-study-in-a-highly-endemic-area
#20
Bruna Martins Macedo Leite, Manuela da Silva Solcà, Liliane Celestino Sales Santos, Lívia Brito Coelho, Leila Denise Alves Ferreira Amorim, Lucas Edel Donato, Sandra Maria de Souza Passos, Adriana Oliveira de Almeida, Patrícia Sampaio Tavares Veras, Deborah Bittencourt Mothé Fraga
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis of great importance. Limitations in current VL control measures compromise efficacy, indicating the need to implement new strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the mass use of deltamethrin-impregnated collars in dogs as a public health measure to control and prevent canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL). METHODOLOGY: An interventional study was implemented in two endemic areas in the district of Monte Gordo (Bahia-Brazil): an intervention area, in which VL seronegative dogs were collared, and a control area in which only conventional CVL control measures were applied...
May 14, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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