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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529583/evaluation-of-microrna-205-expression-as-a-potential-triage-marker-for-patients-with-low-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions
#1
Hong Xie, Ingrid Norman, Anders Hjerpe, Tomislav Vladic, Catharina Larsson, Weng-Onn Lui, Ellinor Östensson, Sonia Andersson
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is a recommended triage approach for females with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), but due to its poor specificity this approach is not recommended for patients with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL). The objective of the current study was to determine microRNA (miR)-205 expression levels in liquid-based cytology (LBC) samples, and evaluate their ability to predict cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3 or worse (CIN2/3+) in females with minor cytological abnormalities...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526192/comparison-of-spinal-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-planning-techniques-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-modulated-arc-therapy-and-helical-tomotherapy
#2
Jina Kim, Hong Seok Jang, Yeon Sil Kim, Byung Ock Choi, Young-Nam Kang
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) delivers a highly conformal, hypofractionated radiation dose to a small target with minimal radiation applied to the surrounding areas. Therefore, using the proper treatment planning techniques for SBRT is important. Intensity modulation techniques, such as static intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), modulated arc therapy (mARC), and helical tomotherapy (HT), are useful for spinal SBRT because of a rapid dose fall-off and spinal cord avoidance. This study compared the planning characteristics for hypofractionated spinal SBRT administered using 3 treatment techniques...
May 16, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521481/increased-methylation-of-human-papillomavirus-type-16-dna-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-cervical-lesions-in-infected-females-from-northeast-china
#3
Wei Wang, Zhengrong Sun, Jianhua Liu, Guili Wang, Zhitao Lu, Weiqiang Zhou, Te Qi, Qiang Ruan
Hypermethylation of the cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites located at the 3'-major capsid protein L1 (3'L1) and the long control region (LCR) of the human papillomavirus (HPV) genome may be associated with the progression of cervical cancer (CC). However, the methylation status of the LCR of HPV type 16 DNA remains to be elucidated in an infected Chinese population. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between methylation of the HPV 16 L1 gene and LCR, and the severity of cervical lesions in infected female patients...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521328/assessment-of-100-rapid-review-as-an-effective-tool-for-internal-quality-control-in-cytopathological-services
#4
José Queiroz Filho, Janaina Cristiana de Oliveira Crispim Freitas, Daliana Caldas Pessoa, José Eleutério Júnior, Paulo César Giraldo, Ana Katherine Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 100% rapid review (100%-RR) as an effective tool for internal quality control (IQC) in gynecological cytopathology services. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 8,677 swabs were analyzed; the negative results were submitted to 100%-RR. Divergent cases were discussed in a consensus meeting to reach a conclusion on the final diagnosis. The data were entered into SAS statistical software, and the agreement of the 100%-RR results with the final diagnosis was tested with the weighted kappa statistic...
May 19, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516514/single-incision-totally-extraperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair-is-feasible-and-safe-in-patients-on-antithrombotic-therapy-a-single-center-experience-of-92-procedures
#5
Masaki Wakasugi, Mitsuyoshi Tei, Yozo Suzuki, Kenta Furukawa, Toru Masuzawa, Kentaro Kishi, Masahiro Tanemura, Hiroki Akamatsu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of SILS for totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair for patients on antithrombotic therapy. METHODS: A total of 365 patients who underwent SILS for totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair between January 2011 and November 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Antithrombotic drugs were stopped preoperatively, and bridging intravenous heparin therapy was given according to the operative risk of each patient...
May 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515108/a-comparison-of-the-natural-history-of-hpv-infection-and-cervical-abnormalities-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-women-in-senegal-africa
#6
Hilary K Whitham, Stephen E Hawes, Haitao Chu, J Michael Oakes, Alan R Lifson, Nancy B Kiviat, Papa Salif Sow, Geoffrey S Gottlieb, Selly Ba, Marie P Sy, Shalini L Kulasingam
Background: There is evidence of an interaction between HIV and human papillomavirus (HPV) resulting in increased HPV-associated morbidity and cancer mortality among HIV-positive women. This study aims to determine how the natural history of cervical HPV infection differs by HIV status.Methods: A total of 1,320 women (47% were positive for HIV-1 and/or HIV-2) were followed for an average of two years in Senegal, West Africa between 1994 and 2010. Cytology (with a sub-sample of histology) and HPV DNA testing were performed at approximately 4-month intervals yielding data from over 7,900 clinic visits...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515095/a-prognostic-index-for-chronic-and-smoldering-type-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma
#7
Hiroo Katsuya, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Kenji Ishitsuka, Kazuhiro Kawai, Masahiro Amano, Atae Utsunomiya, Ryosuke Hino, Shuichi Hanada, Tatsuro Jo, Kunihiro Tsukasaki, Yukiyoshi Moriuchi, Eisaburo Sueoka, Shinichiro Yoshida, Hitoshi Suzushima, Masaharu Miyahara, Kiyoshi Yamashita, Tetsuya Eto, Junji Suzumiya, Kazuo Tamura
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) has been divided into 4 clinical subtypes: acute, lymphoma, chronic, and smoldering. The aim of this study is to develop a novel prognostic index (PI) for chronic and smoldering ATL. We conducted a nationwide retrospective survey on ATL patients, and 248 fully eligible individuals were used in this analysis. In the univariate analysis, gender, performance status, log10[soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R)], neutrophils count, and lymphadenopathy showed P values less than ...
May 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514740/differential-expression-of-circulating-biomarkers-of-tumor-phenotype-and-outcomes-in-previously-treated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-receiving-erlotinib-vs-cytotoxic-chemotherapy
#8
Mary Jo Fidler, Casey Frankenberger, Richard Seto, Gabriela C Lobato, Cristina L Fhied, Selina Sayidine, Sanjib Basu, Mark Pool, Reem Karmali, Marta Batus, Wen-Rong Lie, David Hayes, Jehangir Mistry, Philip Bonomi, Jeffrey A Borgia
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify serum biomarkers capable of predicting clinical outcomes in previously-treated NSCLC patients with wild-type for EGFR activating mutations or insufficient tissue for mutation status determination. METHODS: Sixty-six Luminex immunoassays representative of biological themes that emerged from a re-analysis of transcriptome data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were evaluate against pretreatment serum specimens from previously-treated advanced NSCLC patients received either cytotoxic chemotherapy (n=32) or erlotinib (n=79)...
April 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513128/clinical-features-of-recently-diagnosed-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-elderly-patients-aged-65-and-older-based-on-10-years-of-sonographic-experience-at-a-single-institution-in-korea
#9
Eun Sil Kim, Younghen Lee, Hyungsuk Seo, Gil Soo Son, Soon Young Kwon, Young-Sik Kim, Ji-A Seo, Nan Hee Kim, Sang-Il Suh, Inseon Ryoo, Sung-Hye You
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in patients aged 65 and older in order to predict postoperative recurrence based on the results of ultrasonographic surveillance. Methods: Among 1,494 patients (200 male and 1,294 female; mean age, 46.6±11.3 years) who underwent surgery for thyroid cancer at our institution between 2006 and 2015, we retrospectively enrolled 150 PTC patients (29 male and 121 female; mean age, 69...
April 13, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512541/anti-plaque-and-anti-gingivitis-effect-of-papain-bromelain-miswak-and-neem-containing-dentifrice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Abhinav Tadikonda, Kalyana-Chakravarthy Pentapati, Arun-Sreenivas Urala, Shashidhar Acharya
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy may have difficulty in maintaining a good oral hygiene due to the difficulty posed by the appliances in accessing such areas. This study aimed to compare anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis efficacy of dentifrice containing Papain, Bromelain, Miswak and Neem with a standard dentifrice among patient's undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single center, single blind, parallel arm, randomized controlled clinical trial with an allocation ratio of 1:1 was conducted...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511636/hpv-prevalence-and-type-distribution-in-cypriot-women-with-cervical-cytological-abnormalities
#11
George Krashias, Dana Koptides, Christina Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted agent, and it can cause cervical lesions and cancer in females. Currently, information regarding the prevalence of HPV in Cyprus is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HPV type-specific prevalence in 596 women, aged 19-65 years, with cytological abnormalities. Additionally, in a subset of 348 women for whom cytology results of the Pap test were available, the association between HPV infection and cervical disease was investigated...
May 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511521/cu-sil-denture-a-space-maintainer-for-function-in-paediatric-patients
#12
Shilpa Hiremath, Abhishek Jairaj
The purpose of this report is to introduce Cu-sil like denture as a functional space maintainer. Here, we report two paediatric cases treated with Cu-sil like denture with multiple edentulous spaces and partially erupted/compromised permanent teeth. Cu-sil like denture not only serves as removable partial functional space maintainer, but also restores the vertical dimension of occlusion, mastication and aesthetics in children. Cu-sil like denture is used in elderly patients who are not willing for extraction of remaining few healthy teeth in the oral cavity...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509081/interleukin-6-mediated-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-ipsc-derived-neural-differentiation
#13
Yanuar Alan Sulistio, Han Kyu Lee, Sung Jun Jung, Klaus Heese
In an aging society with an increasing threat to higher brain cognitive functions due to dementia, it becomes imperative to identify new molecular remedies for supporting adult neurogenesis. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a promising cytokine that can support neurogenesis under conditions of neurodegeneration, and neuron replacement is eventually possible due to its agonistic acting soluble receptor sIL-6R. Here, we report that activation of the IL-6-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) axis is neurogenic and has potential therapeutic applications for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD)...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506673/high-frequency-of-silver-resistance-genes-in-invasive-isolates-of-enterobacter-and-klebsiella-species
#14
S Sütterlin, M Dahlö, C Tellgren-Roth, W Schaal, Å Melhus
BACKGROUND: Silver-based products have been marketed as an alternative to antibiotics, and their consumption has increased. Bacteria may, however, develop resistance to silver. AIM: To study the presence of genes encoding silver resistance (silE, silP, silS) over time in three clinically important Enterobacteriaceae genera. METHODS: Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 752 bloodstream isolates from the years 1990-2010 were investigated. Age, gender, and ward of patients were registered, and the susceptibility to antibiotics and silver nitrate was tested...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505001/the-impact-of-p16-immunostaining-in-reducing-anal-squamous-intraepithelial-lesions-indication-for-treatment
#15
Andreia Albuquerque, Elisabete Rios, Gulherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500655/discovery-and-validation-of-candidate-host-dna-methylation-markers-for-detection-of-cervical-precancer-and-cancer
#16
Megan A Clarke, Patricia Luhn, Julia C Gage, Clara Bodelon, S Terence Dunn, Joan Walker, Rosemary Zuna, Stephen Hewitt, J Keith Killian, Liying Yan, Andrew Miller, Mark Schiffman, Nicolas Wentzensen
Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing has been recently introduced as an alternative to cytology for cervical cancer screening. However, since most HPV infections clear without causing clinically relevant lesions, additional triage tests are required to identify women who are at high risk of developing cancer. We performed DNA methylation profiling on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue specimens from women with benign HPV16 infection and histologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3), and cancer using a bead-based microarray covering 1,500 CpG sites in over 800 genes...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497365/clinical-utility-of-soluble-interleukin-2-receptor-in-hemophagocytic-syndromes-a-systematic-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Molly Lin, Sujin Park, Anna Hayden, Dean Giustini, Martina Trinkaus, Morris Pudek, Andre Mattman, Marion Schneider, Luke Y C Chen
The serum-soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2r) level is considered an important diagnostic test and disease marker in hemophagocytic syndromes/hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HPS/HLH). However, this cytokine receptor is rarely measured in clinical practice and has been excluded from recent diagnostic/classification criteria such as the HScore and macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) 16. We performed a systematic scoping review of 64 articles (1975-2016) examining the clinical utility of sIL-2r in HPS/HLH...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494757/copd-monocytes-demonstrate-impaired-migratory-ability
#18
Arjun K Ravi, Jonathan Plumb, Rosemary Gaskell, Sarah Mason, Caroline S Broome, George Booth, Matthew Catley, Jørgen Vestbo, Dave Singh
BACKGROUND: Increased lung macrophage numbers in COPD may arise from upregulation of blood monocyte recruitment into the lungs. CCR5 is a monocyte chemokine receptor regulated by interleukin-6 (IL-6); the concentration of CCR5 ligands are known to be elevated in COPD lungs. The objective of this study was to investigate mechanisms of monocyte recruitment to the lung in COPD, including the role of CCR5 signalling. METHODS: Ninety one COPD patients, 29 smokers (S) and 37 non-smokers (NS) underwent sputum induction, plasma sampling (to measure IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor [sIL-6R] by immunoassay), monocyte characterization (by flow cytometry) and monocyte isolation for cell migration and quantitative polymerase chain reaction studies...
May 11, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494443/short-term-clinical-and-oncological-outcomes-after-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#19
Yasumitsu Hirano, Masakazu Hattori, Kenji Douden, Mari Shimada, Yasuo Hashizume
AIM: In the past, we developed and reported single-incision plus one port laparoscopic anterior resection (SILS + 1-AR) of the rectum. In this study, we reviewed our experiences with 141 consecutive patients admitted in a community hospital for undergoing SILS + 1-AR for rectal cancer and evaluated the short-term clinical and oncological outcomes. METHODS: A lap protector (LP) was inserted through a 2.5 cm transumbilical incision; an EZ-access was mounted to the LP and three 5-mm ports were placed...
May 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489874/tafazzin-taz-promotes-the-tumorigenicity-of-cervical-cancer-cells-and-inhibits-apoptosis
#20
Mei Chen, Yuan Zhang, Peng-Sheng Zheng
Tafazzin (TAZ) is often aberrantly expressed in some cancers, including rectal cancer and thyroid neoplasms. However, the function of TAZ in cervical cancer cells remains unknown. This study aims to explore the expression and function of TAZ in cervical cancer cells. Here, we determined the expression of TAZ protein in normal cervical tissue (NC, n = 27), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL, n = 26) and squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC, n = 41) by immunohistochemistry, the expression of TAZ protein gradually increased from NC to HSIL to SCC...
2017: PloS One
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