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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915302/prevalence-of-gingivitis-in-a-group-of-35-to-70-year-olds-residing-in-puerto-rico
#1
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Beatriz C Berríos-Ouslán, Bayardo García-Godoy, Margarita Murillo, Jomar Diaz-Nicolas, Ferdinand Lugo, Milagros J Toro
OBJECTIVE: Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gingival tissues, typically progresses to periodontitis. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis in 35- to 70-year-olds residing in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and assess the differences in gingivitis distribution between age and gender groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of patients from a private practice and patients/employees of the Puerto Rico Medical Center...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915276/relationship-between-rectus-abdominis-muscle-thickness-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-middle-aged-men
#2
Eun Sil Choi, Soo Hyun Cho, Jung-Ha Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Skeletal muscle has been suggested as an important factor in the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome. During the aging process, muscle mass is lost in specific body parts. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between site-specific muscle loss assessed using computed tomography (CT) and metabolic syndrome. This study was conducted to investigate the association between metabolic syndrome and rectus abdominis muscle thickness at the umbilicus level (RAM), which reflects site-specific muscle loss of the abdomen using CT image...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910940/-diagnostic-value-of-p16-mcm2-dual-staining-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-its-association-with-high-risk-hpv-infection
#3
H R Wang, G D Liao, Y Jiang, Y C Li, Y L Qiao, W Chen
Objective: To study the expression of p16/mcm2 immunocytochemical dual staining in cervical lesions and its association with high-risk HPV infection, and discuss its clinical value in cervical cancer screening. Methods: From May to December 2015, a total of 1 127 women receiving cervical cancer screening, high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) test and liquid-based cytology test were included in the study. p16/mcm2 immunocytochemical dual staining was performed on residual cytology specimens and the results were compared with histopathology results...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906529/the-effect-of-iloprost-and-sildenafil-alone-and-in-combination-on-myocardial-ischaemia-and-nitric-oxide-and-irisin-levels
#4
Suna Aydin, Tuncay Kuloglu, Suleyman Aydin, Meltem Yardim, Davut Azboy, Zeki Temizturk, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Mehmet Nesimi Eren
AIM: Insufficient oxygen supply to organs and tissues due to reduced arterial or venous blood flow results in ischaemia, during which, although ATP production stops, AMP and adenosine continue to be produced from ATP. The fate of irisin, which causes the production of heat instead of ATP during ischaemia, is unknown. Iloprost and sildenafil are two pharmaceutical agents that mediate the resumption of reperfusion (blood supply) via vasodilatation during ischaemic conditions. Our study aimed to explore the effects of iloprost and sildenafil on irisin levels in the heart, liver and kidney tissues and whether these pharmaceutical agents had any impact on serum irisin and nitric oxide levels in rats with induced experimental myocardial ischaemia...
August 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906359/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-framingham-cardiovascular-risk-score-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-koreans
#5
Eui Im, Gwang-Sil Kim
Studies have shown sleep duration to be related to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and hypertension. However, whether sleep duration is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the prevalence of CVD irrespective of conventional CV-risk factor, such as diabetes mellitus, obesity, and metabolic syndrome, has not been well established for the Korean population.A total of 23,878 individuals aged 18 years or older from the 2007-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#6
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905225/the-feasibility-and-short-term-clinical-outcomes-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-patients-with-complex-crohn-s-disease
#7
Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Shigetomi Nakao, Hirokazu Yamagami, Noriko Kamata, Kazuya Muguruma, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takahiro Toyokawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) offers excellent cosmetic results compared with conventional multi-port laparoscopic surgery. Recently, this technique has been applied to Crohn's disease (CD) with primary ileocolic strictures; however, the application of a laparoscopic approach for complex CD, which involves abscess formation, fistula formation, and recurrent CD, is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of SILS for patients with complex disease and to compare its clinical results in patients with complex disease vs...
September 13, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902073/cryotherapy-reduces-progression-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-1-in-south-african-hiv-infected-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Cynthia Firnhaber, Avril Swarts, Bridgette Goeieman, Ntombi Rakhombe, Masangu Mulongo, Anna-Lise Williamson, Pam Michelow, Sibongile Ramotshela, Mark Faesen, Simon Levin, Timothy Wilkin
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected women are at increased risk of cervical cancer, especially in resource-limited countries. Cervical cancer prevention strategies focus treating cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). The management of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) in HIV-infected women is unknown. SETTING: HIV treatment clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa METHODS:: We randomized HIV-infected women with histologic cervical LSIL to cervical cryotherapy vs...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901504/soluble-interleukin%C3%A2-2-receptor-as-a-factor-associated-with-angiogenesis-in-gastric-cancer
#9
Wen-Feng Yan, Chang-Fu Nie, Gang Wu, Jian-Cheng Zhang, Yuan-Zeng Zhu, Wei Zhang, Pei-Chun Sun
Angiogenesis serves a role in the growth, metastasis and prognosis of tumors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the angiogenic ability and clinical significance of the immune biomarker soluble interleukin‑2 receptor (sIL‑2R) in gastric cancer (GC) patients. Serum levels of sIL‑2R were measured in 35 GC patients with different stages of disease and 32 healthy individuals, and it was investigated whether the levels were associated with angiogenesis factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901302/the-clinical-application-of-hpv-e6-e7-mrna-testing-in-triaging-women-with-atypical-squamous-cells-of-undetermined-significance-or-low-grade-squamous-intra-epithelial-lesion-pap-smear-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Li Yang, Yuanhang Zhu, Yang Bai, Xiaoan Zhang, Chenchen Ren
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to evaluate the clinical application value and correlation with cervical lesions' progression of human papillomavirus (HPV) E6/E7 mRNA test in women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS/borderline) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs/mild dyskaryosis) cytological abnormalities. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conduct by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (1979-2016), Wanfang Date (1998-2016), VIP (1989-2016), PubMed (1950-2016), Web of Science (1950-2016) and Elsevier Science Direct (1998-2016), for studies on effect of HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection in women with ASCUS/LSIL/dyskaryosis...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900466/can-an-inadequate-cervical-cytology-sample-in-thinprep-be-converted-to-a-satisfactory-sample-by-processing-it-with-a-surepath-preparation
#11
Sveinung Wergeland Sørbye, Mette Kristin Pedersen, Bente Ekeberg, Merete E Johansen Williams, Torill Sauer, Ying Chen
BACKGROUND: The Norwegian Cervical Cancer Screening Program recommends screening every 3 years for women between 25 and 69 years of age. There is a large difference in the percentage of unsatisfactory samples between laboratories that use different brands of liquid-based cytology. We wished to examine if inadequate ThinPrep samples could be satisfactory by processing them with the SurePath protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 187 inadequate ThinPrep specimens from the Department of Clinical Pathology at University Hospital of North Norway were sent to Akershus University Hospital for conversion to SurePath medium...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898982/prevalence-of-anal-human-papillomavirus-hpv-and-performance-of-cepheid-xpert-and-hybrid-capture-2-hc2-hpv-assays-in-south-african-hiv-infected-women
#12
Zizipho Z A Mbulawa, Timothy Wilkin, Bridgette J Goeieman, Eefje Jong, Pamela Michelow, Avril Swarts, Jennifer S Smith, Patricia Kegorilwe, Cynthia S Firnhaber, Anna-Lise Williamson
Objectives: This study investigated anal high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) prevalence in HIV-infected women using the Cepheid Xpert HPV assay and compares its performance with that of Hybrid Capture-2 (hc2). Methods: A total of 199 HIV-infected women were recruited from Helen Joseph Hospital, Johannesburg. Stored ThinPrep anal swabs that had previously been tested using hc2 were tested for HPV using Xpert. Results: The HR-HPV prevalence by Xpert was 40...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898797/scarless-surgery-for-a-huge-liver-cyst-a-case-report
#13
Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Jun Kawachi, Naoko Isogai, Masanori Ishii, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic or complicated liver cysts sometimes require surgical intervention and laparoscopic fenestration is the definitive treatment for these cysts. We performed minimally invasive surgery, hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) without scarring, for a huge liver cyst. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 82-year-old female presented with a month-long history of right upper abdominal pain. We diagnosed her condition as a huge liver cyst by morphological studies...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898043/orthogonally-functionalized-donor-acceptor-homo-and-heterodimeric-dyes-for-dye-sensitized-solar-cells-an-approach-to-introduce-panchromaticity-and-control-the-charge-recombination
#14
Manik Chandra Sil, Vediappan Sudhakar, Munavvar Fairoos Mele Kavungathodi, Vellimalai Punitharasu, Jayaraj Nithyanandhan
Organic dyes possessing conjugated π-framework forms closely packed monolayers on photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), because of the limitation to control the orientation and the extend of intermolecular π-π interaction, self-aggregation of dyes leads to reduced cell performance. In this report, a series of homodimeric (D1-D1 and D2-D2) and heterodimeric (D1-D2 and D2-D4) donor/acceptor (D/A) dyes containing spiroBiProDOT π-spacer were designed and synthesized by utilizing Pd-catalyzed direct arylation reaction and correlates the device performance with monomeric dyes (D1 and D2)...
September 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895290/design-of-a-novel-two-component-hybrid-dermal-scaffold-for-the-treatment-of-pressure-sores
#15
Vaibhav Sharma, Nupur Kohli, Dale Moulding, Halimat Afolabi, Lilian Hook, Chris Mason, Elena García-Gareta
The aim of this study is to design a novel two-component hybrid scaffold using the fibrin/alginate porous hydrogel Smart Matrix combined to a backing layer of plasma polymerized polydimethylsiloxane (Sil) membrane to make the fibrin-based dermal scaffold more robust for the treatment of the clinically challenging pressure sores. A design criteria are established, according to which the Sil membranes are punched to avoid collection of fluid underneath. Manual peel test shows that native silicone does not attach to the fibrin/alginate component while the plasma polymerized silicone membranes are firmly bound to fibrin/alginate...
September 12, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893383/adaptive-fractional-order-total-variation-image-restoration-with-split-bregman-iteration
#16
Dazi Li, Xiangyi Tian, Qibing Jin, Kotaro Hirasawa
Alleviating the staircase artifacts for variation method and adjusting the regularization parameters adaptively with the characteristics of different regions are two main issues in image restoration regularization process. An adaptive fractional-order total variation l1 regularization (AFOTV-l1) model is proposed, which is resolved by using split Bregman iteration algorithm (SBI) for image estimation. An improved fractional-order differential kernel mask (IFODKM) with an extended degree of freedom (DOF) is proposed, which can preserve more image details and effectively avoid the staircase artifact...
September 8, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893038/new-vision-for-improving-the-oral-health-education-of-visually-impaired-children-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#17
Arpan Debnath, B K Srivastava, Punith Shetty, Shruthi Eshwar
INTRODUCTION: Visually impaired people have poorer oral hygiene when compared to others. Therefore, there is a necessity for individual training by making awareness in oral care and plaque control so as to improve their oral hygiene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of oral health innovative educative method among visually impaired children of Bengaluru city of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-randomized control trial was conducted among 40 visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889195/effect-of-si-rich-substances-on-phosphorous-adsorption-by-sandy-soils
#18
Vladimir V Matichenkov, Elena A Bocharnikova, Ekaterina P Pakhnenko, Dmitry M Khomiakov
The poor adsorption capacity of sandy soils is one of the primary reasons of a high level of phosphorus (P) leaching. Silicon (Si)-rich soil amendments have the potential to improve the low absorption capacity of sandy soils for P. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of different Si-rich materials to regulate P adsorption and retention by sandy soils. Amorphous fine silica (FSS), calcium silicate (CaSiO3), chemically pure CaCO3, and two types of Ca-silicate slags from metal industry (Pro-Sil) and chemical industry (TS) were used in laboratory experiments being conducted with pure quartz sand and cultivated and virgin Entisols and Spodosols collected in the South Florida...
September 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887692/molecular-and-biochemical-evidence-on-the-protective-role-of-ellagic-acid-and-silybin-against-oxidative-stress-induced-cellular-aging
#19
Maryam Baeeri, Solmaz Mohammadi-Nejad, Mahban Rahimifard, Mona Navaei-Nigjeh, Shermineh Moeini-Nodeh, Reza Khorasani, Mohammad Abdollahi
Aging is a natural process in living organisms that is defined by some molecular and cellular changes with time. Various causes such as mitochondrial DNA aberrations, aggregation of proteins, telomere shortening, and oxidative stress have an influential role in aging of the cells. Natural antioxidants are compounds that are potent to protect the body from detrimental effects of molecules such as free radicals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-aging properties of ellagic acid (EA) and silybin (SIL), as natural antioxidant compounds on rat embryonic fibroblast (REF) cells...
September 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885778/histopathologic-follow-up-and-hpv-test-results-with-hsil-papanicolaou-test-results-in-china-s-largest-academic-women-s-hospital
#20
Xiang Tao, R Marshall Austin, Hao Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Jianan Xiao, Xianrong Zhou, Li Wang, Chengquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening in China is largely limited to occasional opportunistic screening in urban centers. The current study reports histopathologic follow-up and human papillomavirus (HPV) results in women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) Papanicolaou (Pap) tests reported at the largest academic women's hospital in China and compares these findings with those of published Western studies among frequently screened women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study documented HSIL Pap tests, patient age, HPV results, and histopathologic follow-up from 2011 through 2015 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (OGHFU) in Shanghai, China...
September 8, 2017: Cancer
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