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"Aging muscle"

Xiaolei Zhang, Michelle B Trevino, Miao Wang, Stephen J Gardell, Julio E Ayala, Xianlin Han, Daniel P Kelly, Bret H Goodpaster, Rick B Vega, Paul M Coen
The progression of age-related sarcopenia can be accelerated by impaired recovery of muscle mass following periods of disuse due to illness or immobilization. However, the mechanisms underlying poor recovery of aged muscle following disuse remain to be delineated. Recent evidence suggests that mitochondrial energetics play an important role in regulation of muscle mass. Here, we report that 22-24 month old mice with low muscle mass and low glucose clearance rate also display poor early recovery of muscle mass following 10 days of hind limb unloading...
March 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Ramy K A Sayed, Marisol Fernández-Ortiz, María E Diaz-Casado, Iryna Rusanova, Ibtissem Rahim, Germaine Escames, Luis C López, Doaa M Mokhtar, Darío Acuña-Castroviejo
To gain insight into the mechanism of sarcopenia and the protective effect of melatonin, the gastrocnemius muscles of young (3-4 months), early-aged (12 months), and old-aged (24 months) wild type C57BL/6J female mice, were examined by magnetic resonance and microscopy. Locomotor activity, lactate production and nuclear apoptosis were also assessed. The results support the early onset of sarcopenia at 12 months of age, with reduction of muscle fibers' number, muscle weight/body weight ratio, lactate, and locomotor activity...
March 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Michael R Deschenes, Shuhan Li, Matthew A Adan, Jane J Oh, Hailey C Ramsey
BACKGROUND: This project aimed to determine the adaptability of the neuromuscular system to the stimuli of exercise training, and aging. METHODS: Young adult, and aged male rats were randomly assigned to either exercise training, or sedentary control groups. Exercise training featured an 8 week program of treadmill running. At the end of the intervention period, neuromuscular function was quantified with ex vivo stimulation procedures on isolated soleus muscles...
March 14, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Heather N Carter, Marion Pauly, Liam D Tryon, David A Hood
Mitochondrial impairments are often noted in aged skeletal muscle. The transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α is integral to maintaining mitochondria, and its expression declines in aged muscle. It remains unknown whether this is due to a transcriptional deficit during aging. Our study examined PGC-1α transcription in muscle from young and old F344BN rats. Using a rat PGC-1α promoter-reporter construct, we found that PGC-1α transcription was reduced by ~65% in aged TA muscle, accompanied by decreases in PGC-1α mRNA and transcript stability...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Russell T Hepple
Skeletal muscle atrophy is a hallmark of advancing age that contributes to mobility impairment, physical frailty and increased morbidity in the elderly. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 13, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Sofia Garcia, Nadee Nissanka, Edson A Mareco, Susana Rossi, Susana Peralta, Francisca Diaz, Richard L Rotundo, Robson F Carvalho, Carlos T Moraes
PGC-1α is a transcriptional co-activator known as the master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis. Its control of metabolism has been suggested to exert critical influence in the aging process. We have aged mice overexpressing PGC-1α in skeletal muscle to determine whether the transcriptional changes reflected a pattern of expression observed in younger muscle. Analyses of muscle proteins showed that Pax7 and several autophagy markers were increased. In general, the steady-state levels of several muscle proteins resembled that of muscle from young mice...
February 10, 2018: Aging Cell
Naoki Horii, Masataka Uchida, Natsuki Hasegawa, Shumpei Fujie, Eri Oyanagi, Hiromi Yano, Takeshi Hashimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu
Increased complement component 1q (C1q) secretion with aging leads to muscle fibrosis and atrophy whereas resistance training attenuates circulating C1q levels. This study aimed to clarify whether resistance exercise-induced reduction of C1q secretion contributes to the inhibition of fibrosis and atrophy in aged muscles. Young (13-wk-old) and aged (38-wk-old) senescence-accelerated mouse prone 1 mice were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: a young or aged sedentary control group, or a young or aged resistance training (climbing a ladder 3 d/wk for 12 wk) group...
January 30, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Robert W Morton, Daniel A Traylor, Peter J M Weijs, Stuart M Phillips
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Skeletal muscle mass with aging, during critical care, and following critical care is a determinant of quality of life and survival. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms that underpin skeletal muscle atrophy and recommendations to offset skeletal muscle atrophy with aging and during, as well as following, critical care. RECENT FINDINGS: Anabolic resistance is responsible, in part, for skeletal muscle atrophy with aging, muscle disuse, and during disease states...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Giovanna Distefano, Robert A Standley, Xiaolei Zhang, Elvis A Carnero, Fanchao Yi, Heather H Cornnell, Paul M Coen
BACKGROUND: The concept of mitochondrial dysfunction in ageing muscle is highly controversial. In addition, emerging evidence suggests that reduced muscle oxidative capacity and efficiency underlie the aetiology of mobility loss in older adults. Here, we hypothesized that studying well-phenotyped older cohorts across a wide range of physical activity would unveil a range of mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle and in turn allow us to more clearly examine the impact of age per se on mitochondrial energetics...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Neil A Kelly, Kelley G Hammond, C Scott Bickel, Samuel T Windham, S Craig Tuggle, Marcas M Bamman
Aging muscle atrophy is in part a neurodegenerative process revealed by denervation-reinnervation events leading to motor unit remodeling (i.e. myofiber type grouping). However, this process and its physiologic relevance are poorly understood, as is the wide-ranging heterogeneity among aging humans. Here, we attempted to address the: (i) relation between myofiber type grouping and molecular regulators of neuromuscular junction (NMJ) stability; (ii) impact of motor unit remodeling on recruitment during submaximal contractions; (iii) prevalence and impact of motor unit remodeling in Parkinson's disease (PD), an age-related neurodegenerative disease; and (iv) influence of resistance exercise training (RT) on regulators of motor unit remodeling...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
Bernard W M Wone, Jason M Kinchen, Elana R Kaup, Beate Wone
Biological aging profoundly impairs muscle function, performance, and metabolism. Because the progression of metabolic alterations associated with aging muscle has not been chronicled, we tracked the metabolic profiles of flight muscle from middle to advanced age in Manduca sexta to identify key molecules during the progression of muscle aging, as well as to evaluate the utility of the M. sexta system for molecular dissection of muscle aging. We identified a number of differences between Diel Time, Sexes, and Muscle Ages, including changes in metabolites related to energetics, extracellular matrix turnover, and glutathione metabolism...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ara B Hwang, Andrew S Brack
Satellite cells (SCs) are a population of muscle-resident stem cells that are essential for efficient tissue repair. SCs reside in a relatively quiescent state during normal tissue turnover, but are activated in response to injury through the microenvironment and cell-intrinsic signals. During aging, SC dysfunction is a major contributor to the decline in regenerative potential of muscle tissue. Recent studies have demonstrated that both cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic factors are deregulated during aging...
2018: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
Sascha Sajer
This Perspective will discuss topics recently suggested by Prof. Helmut Kern, Vienna, Austria, to advance the research activities of his team, that is: Topic A, 10 years post RISE; Topic B, New research for new solutions on old research questions; Topic C, Working groups on nerve regeneration, training-parameters of seniors in different ages, muscle adaptation; and studies of connective tissue and cartilage. This Perspective summarizes some of the basic concepts and of the evidence-based tools for developing further translational research activities...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
H Kataoka, J Nakano, Y Kondo, Y Honda, J Sakamoto, T Origuchi, M Okita
This study examined the aging effect on disuse muscle atrophy prevention using heat stress. Wistar rats aged 7 and 60 weeks were divided into three groups as follows: control, immobilized (Im), and immobilized and heat stressed (ImH). Heat stress was given by immersing the hindlimbs in hot water (42 °C) for 60 min, once in every 3 days and the gastrocnemius (GAS) and soleus (SOL) muscles were extracted after 14 days. Muscle-fiber types were classified using ATPase staining. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was assessed through Western blotting...
December 1, 2017: Physiology International
Matthew T Tierney, Michael J Stec, Steffen Rulands, Benjamin D Simons, Alessandra Sacco
The clonal complexity of adult stem cell pools is progressively lost during homeostatic turnover in several tissues, suggesting a decrease in the number of stem cells with distinct clonal origins. The functional impact of reduced complexity on stem cell pools, and how different tissue microenvironments may contribute to such a reduction, are poorly understood. Here, we performed clonal multicolor lineage tracing of skeletal muscle stem cells (MuSCs) to address these questions. We found that MuSC clonal complexity is maintained during aging despite heterogenous reductions in proliferative capacity, allowing aged muscle to mount a clonally diverse, albeit diminished, response to injury...
January 4, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Joanna Brzeszczyńska, Angelika Meyer, Robin McGregor, Alain Schilb, Simone Degen, Valentina Tadini, Neil Johns, Ramon Langen, Annemie Schols, David J Glass, Ronenn Roubenoff, James A Ross, Kenneth C H Fearon, Carolyn A Greig, Carsten Jacobi
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. While all humans lose muscle with age, 2-5% of elderly adults develop functional consequences (disabilities). The aim of this study was to investigate muscle myogenesis in healthy elderly adults, with or without sarcopenia, compared with middle-aged controls using both in vivo and in vitro approaches to explore potential biomarker or causative molecular pathways associated with sarcopenic versus non-sarcopenic skeletal muscle phenotypes during ageing...
February 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Michał Starosta, Joanna Kostka, Justyna Redlicka, Elżbieta Miller
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the muscles with the lowest strength in non-affected (non-A) and affected upper limb (A), to assess differences between men and women and to correlate these values with age in patients after stroke. METHODS: Sixty patients (40 male, 20 female), hospitalized in Neurorehabilitation Ward, 1-2 weeks after stroke, were included in the study. Their age ranged from 50 to 80 years with a mean (sd) of 65.5 (18.7) years. Muscle force values from upper limb muscles were measured using the MicroFet 2 hand-held dynamometer...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Daniele Capitanio, Manuela Moriggi, Sara De Palma, Dario Bizzotto, Sibilla Molon, Enrica Torretta, Chiara Fania, Paolo Bonaldo, Cecilia Gelfi, Paola Braghetta
Collagen VI is an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein playing a key role in skeletal muscles and whose deficiency leads to connective tissue diseases in humans and in animal models. However, most studies have been focused on skeletal muscle features. We performed an extensive proteomic profiling in two skeletal muscles (diaphragm and gastrocnemius) of wild-type and collagen VI null (Col6a1-/-) mice at different ages, from 6- (adult) to 12- (aged) month-old to 24 (old) month-old. While in wild-type animals the number of proteins and the level of modification occurring during aging were comparable in the two analyzed muscles, Col6a1-/- mice displayed a number of muscle-type specific variations...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Aicha Melouane, Abdelaziz Ghanemi, Simon Aubé, Mayumi Yoshioka, Jonny St-Amand
Identifying therapeutic target genes represents the key step in functional genomics-based therapies. Within this context, the disease heterogeneity, the exogenous factors and the complexity of genomic structure and function represent important challenges. The functional genomics aims to overcome such obstacles via identifying the gene functions and therefore highlight disease-causing genes as therapeutic targets. Genomic technologies promise to reshape the research on ageing muscle, exercise response and drug discovery...
November 2, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
Heleen E Boers, Mohammad Haroon, Fabien Le Grand, Astrid D Bakker, Jenneke Klein-Nulend, Richard T Jaspers
During aging, skeletal muscle tissue progressively declines in mass, strength, and regenerative capacity. Decreased muscle stem cell (MuSC) number and impaired function might underlie the aging-related muscle wasting and impaired regenerative capacity. As yet, the search for factors that regulate MuSC fate and function has revealed several biochemical factors within the MuSC niche that may be responsible for the decline in MuSC regenerative capacity. This decline cannot be explained by environmental factors solely, as the MuSC potential to regenerate muscle tissue is not reversed by changing the biochemical MuSC niche composition...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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