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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352506/patterns-of-burns-and-scalds-in-mongolian-children-a-hospital-based-prospective-study
#1
Gunsmaa Gerelmaa, Badarch Tumen-Ulzii, Shinji Nakahara, Masao Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the circumstances of burn injury occurrence among Mongolian children and the products involved. METHODS: Study participants were children aged 15 years and younger who were admitted to the Burn Unit of the National Trauma Orthopedic Research Center from August 2015 to July 2016. We collected data on participant demographics and the etiology and clinical features of their burn injuries, and we analyzed the data based on the NOMESCO Classification model...
January 20, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350376/an-unexpected-long-term-complication-of-genital-burn-in-a-child-secondary-cryptorchidism
#2
Mustafa Öksüz, Hasan Deliağa, Adem Topkara, Ömer Faruk Koçak
Genital and perineal burns are rare and challenging injuries with serious long-term complications. Involvement of the testes is a sign of severity. There is limited knowledge in the literature about the management of complications and testes involvement in genital and perineal burns. In this report, we present the case of an 8-year-old boy with secondary cryptorchidism due to burn contracture who was treated by increasing the scrotal volume by Z-plasties, skin graft, and orchidopexy.
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333930/a-histological-analysis-of-artificial-skin-in-an-extensively-burned-child-14-years-after-application-a-case-report
#3
Robert Zajicek, Eva Sticova, Radana Königova
INTRODUCTION: Artificial skin has become the treatment of choice in extensive, full-thickness thermal injuries. The longest follow-up of the healing process in burn sites covered with the Integra Bilayer Matrix Wound Dressing onto the wound published to date was at around five years after application. In our case report, we describe the clinical and histological analysis of an extensive, full-thickness thermal injury 14 years on from treatment with the bilayer matrix wound dressing. CASE STUDY: A nine-year-old boy suffered a full-thickness skin loss over 85% of his body surface area following a fire accident...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324427/lemons-in-the-arizona-sunshine-the-effects-of-furocoumarins-leading-to-phytophotodermatitis-and-burn-like-injuries
#4
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237400/accuracy-of-acute-burns-diagnosis-made-using-smartphones-and-tablets-a-questionnaire-based-study-among-medical-experts
#5
Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg, Lucie Laflamme
BACKGROUND: Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on images viewed on a computer screen, but whether image-based analysis by experts using handheld devices is accurate remains to be determined. METHOD: A review of patient data from eight emergency centres in the Western Cape, South Africa, revealed 10 typical cases of burns commonly seen in children and adults...
December 13, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235701/relation-of-child-caregiver-and-environmental-characteristics-to-childhood-injury-in-an-urban-aboriginal-cohort-in-new-south-wales-australia
#6
Katherine Thurber, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Holger Möller, Rebecca Ivers, Chris Cowell, Vivian Isaac, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Cheryl Woodall, Kathleen Clapham
OBJECTIVE: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201634/innovative-chest-physiotherapy-techniques-the-metaneb%C3%A2-system-in-the-intubated-child-with-extensive-burns
#7
Alexandra Ferguson, Sarah Wright
Introduction: The Metaneb® is a new generation Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilation device utilised by the physiotherapist to assist airway clearance by providing calibrated oscillations during inspiration up to 3.8Hz. Predominantly used in the adult chronic respiratory patient, with anecdotal evidence in intubated patients, it was also proven to be safe in a paediatric lung model lab study. This case report outlines the first use of the Metaneb® with an intubated child in Australia...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186834/urinary-phthalate-concentrations-in-mothers-and-their-children-in-ireland-results-of-the-democophes-human-biomonitoring-study
#8
Elizabeth Cullen, David Evans, Chris Griffin, Padraig Burke, Rory Mannion, Damien Burns, Andrew Flanagan, Ann Kellegher, Greet Schoeters, Eva Govarts, Pierre Biot, Ludwine Casteleyn, Argelia Castaño, Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Marta Esteban, Gerda Schwedler, Holger M Koch, Jürgen Angerer, Lisbeth E Knudsen, Reinhard Joas, Anke Joas, Birgit Dumez, Ovnair Sepai, Karen Exley, Dominique Aerts
Background: Phthalates are chemicals which are widespread in the environment. Although the impacts on health of such exposure are unclear, there is evidence of a possible impact on the incidence of a diverse range of diseases. Monitoring of human exposure to phthalates is therefore important. This study aimed to determine the extent of phthalate exposure among mothers and their children in both rural and urban areas in Ireland, and to identify factors associated with elevated concentrations. It formed part of the 'Demonstration of a study to Co-ordinate and Perform Human Biomonitoring on a European Scale' (DEMOCOPHES) pilot biomonitoring study...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183752/a-1-year-comparison-of-a-community-based-exercise-program-versus-a-day-hospital-based-exercise-program-on-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-severely-burned-children
#9
Raquel Peña, Oscar E Suman, Marta Rosenberg, Clark R Andersen, David N Herndon, Walter J Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of long term psychosocial functioning and mental health of a "Day-Hospital" Based Exercise Program (DAYEX) versus a Community Based Exercise Program (COMBEX). DESIGN: This was a prospective design that consisted of two groups (DAYEX and COMBEX). SETTING: A children's hospital specialized in burn care (Shriner's Hospitals for Children, Inc., Galveston, Texas) PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 patients, (n=9 DAYEX and n=9 COMBEX) were assessed at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) discharge and up to 1 year post burn...
November 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173313/urgent-care-utilization-in-the-pediatric-medicaid-population
#10
Amanda Montalbano, Jonathan Rodean, Therese Canares, Rebecca Burns, Brian Lee, Elizabeth R Alpern, Matt Hall
OBJECTIVE: To assess healthcare utilization patterns associated with high (≥3 visits/year) urgent care utilization. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 2 723 792 children who were less than 19 years of age in the 2013 Marketscan Medicaid database. Healthcare utilization categorized as inpatient, emergency department, urgent care, well-child primary care provider (PCP), acute PCP, and specialist visits was documented for 4 groups. We hypothesized that children with high urgent care utilization would have decreased utilization at other sites of care...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148139/nitroglycerin-an-unusual-solution-to-intraoperative-hypothermia-in-a-4-year-old-burn-patient
#11
Eduardo J Goenaga Díaz, Jeffrey E Carter, T Wesley Templeton
We describe the case of a 4-year-old child undergoing extensive burn surgery with refractory intraoperative hypothermia. A low-dose nitroglycerin infusion was initiated to reverse vasoconstriction and improve heat absorption, after which the child's temperature steadily improved. In hypothermic burn patients, topical vasoconstrictors may hinder surface warming efforts. A vasodilator infusion may aid in warming the pediatric patient undergoing extensive excision and grafting.
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066427/the-adoption-of-social-media-to-recruit-participants-for-the-cool-runnings-randomized-controlled-trial-in-australia
#12
Jacqueline D Burgess, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Cate M Cameron
BACKGROUND: Using social media to recruit specific populations for research studies is gaining popularity. Given that mothers of young children are the most active on social media, and young children are the most at risk of preventable burn injuries, social media was used to recruit mothers of young children to a burn prevention intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the social media recruitment methods used to enroll mothers of young children to the app-based burn prevention intervention Cool Runnings...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#13
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031888/below-the-surface-parents-views-on-the-factors-that-influence-treatment-adherence-in-paediatric-burn-scar-management-a-qualitative-study
#14
Nicole Andrews, Laura L Jones, Naiem Moiemen, Melanie Calvert, Philip Kinghorn, Ian Litchfield, Jonathan Bishop, Jonathan J Deeks, Jonathan Mathers
INTRODUCTION: Parents have a crucial role to play in burn scar management for their children at a time that is extremely stressful for them and their child. Scar management treatments such as pressure garment therapy (PGT) require high levels of adherence. There has been a lack of research into the factors that may influence adherence in paediatric burn scar management. This qualitative research study has investigated parents' experiences of scar management and their attempts to adhere to treatment at home...
October 11, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976919/housing-as-a-determinant-of-tongan-children-s-health-innovative-methodology-using-wearable-cameras
#15
Andrew Robinson, Sarah Hulme-Moir, Viliami Puloka, Moira Smith, James Stanley, Louise Signal
Housing is a significant determinant of health, particularly in developing countries such as Tonga. Currently, very little is known about the quality of the housing in Tonga, as is the case with many developing countries, nor about the interaction between children and the home environment. This study aimed to identify the nature and extent of health risk factors and behaviours in Tongan houses from a child's perspective. An innovative methodology was used, Kids'Cam Tonga. Seventy-two Class 6 children (10 to 13-year-olds) were randomly selected from 12 randomly selected schools in Tongatapu, the main island...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971111/use-of-autologous-fat-grafting-for-the-correction-of-burn-scar-contracture-in-the-hand-a-case-report
#16
Shems Al-Hayder, Christina Gramkow, Stig-Frederik Trojahn Kølle
Severe burn injuries to the hand represent a topic of great concern due to long-term complications such as hypertrofic burn scar and contracture, which may result in loss of function. We present a case of burn scar contracture in the hand of a child undergoing Z-plasty and lipofilling.
2017: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946104/parents-perceived-quality-of-pediatric-burn-care
#17
Mimmie Willebrand, Folke Sjöberg, Fredrik Huss, Josefin Sveen
PURPOSE: To describe parents' perceived quality of pediatric burn care and evaluate factors associated with differences in perceived quality among parents. METHODS: 62 parents of children with burns were recruited on a Swedish national basis 0.8 to 5.6years after the child's injury. Measures were an adaptation of the Quality of Care Indices - Parent questionnaire consisting of 8 subscales and one overall question, the Impact of Event Scale -Revised, Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, and Injury-specific fear-avoidance...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945443/comprehensive-grief-care-for-children-and-families-policy-and-practice-implications
#18
Brook Griese, Michaeleen R Burns, Samantha A Farro, Louise Silvern, Ayelet Talmi
Since the 1998 publication of the groundbreaking Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kaiser Permanente, increased research and funding has focused on mitigating experiences that place children at risk for developmental disruption. Surprisingly, the death of a parent, sibling, or other important attachment figure-often noted as one of the most disruptive and potentially traumatic experiences for a child-has received relatively little attention in these efforts...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939661/health-education-intervention-promoting-infant-safe-sleep-in-paediatric-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Eileen M McDonald, Amanda Davani, Akisha Price, Patricia Mahoney, Wendy Shields, Rashelle J Musci, Barry S Solomon, Elizabeth A Stuart, Andrea C Gielen
BACKGROUND: Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to improve infant sleep practices. There is limited research on how best to integrate safe sleep information into routine paediatric anticipatory guidance delivered at well child visits (WCVs). This protocol paper describes the design of the Safe Start Study, which aims to evaluate the impact of safe sleep interventions on parents' knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to creating and maintaining a safe sleep environment for their infants...
September 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927766/vulvovaginitis-presentation-of-more-common-problems-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-gynecology
#20
REVIEW
Meredith Loveless, Ohmar Myint
Vulvovaginitis is one of the most common gynecological complaints presenting in the pediatric and adolescent female. The common causes of vulvovaginitis in the pediatric patient differ than that considered in adolescent females. When a child present with vulvar itching, burning and irritation the most common etiology is non-specific and hygiene measures are recommended. However these symptoms can mimic more serious etiologies including infection, labial adhesion, lichen sclerosis, pinworms and foreign body must be considered...
September 5, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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