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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066427/the-adoption-of-social-media-to-recruit-participants-for-the-cool-runnings-randomized-controlled-trial-in-australia
#1
Jacqueline D Burgess, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Cate M Cameron
BACKGROUND: Using social media to recruit specific populations for research studies is gaining popularity. Given that mothers of young children are the most active on social media, and young children are the most at risk of preventable burn injuries, social media was used to recruit mothers of young children to a burn prevention intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the social media recruitment methods used to enroll mothers of young children to the app-based burn prevention intervention Cool Runnings...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#2
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031888/below-the-surface-parents-views-on-the-factors-that-influence-treatment-adherence-in-paediatric-burn-scar-management-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nicole Andrews, Laura L Jones, Naiem Moiemen, Melanie Calvert, Philip Kinghorn, Ian Litchfield, Jonathan Bishop, Jonathan J Deeks, Jonathan Mathers
INTRODUCTION: Parents have a crucial role to play in burn scar management for their children at a time that is extremely stressful for them and their child. Scar management treatments such as pressure garment therapy (PGT) require high levels of adherence. There has been a lack of research into the factors that may influence adherence in paediatric burn scar management. This qualitative research study has investigated parents' experiences of scar management and their attempts to adhere to treatment at home...
October 11, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976919/housing-as-a-determinant-of-tongan-children-s-health-innovative-methodology-using-wearable-cameras
#4
Andrew Robinson, Sarah Hulme-Moir, Viliami Puloka, Moira Smith, James Stanley, Louise Signal
Housing is a significant determinant of health, particularly in developing countries such as Tonga. Currently, very little is known about the quality of the housing in Tonga, as is the case with many developing countries, nor about the interaction between children and the home environment. This study aimed to identify the nature and extent of health risk factors and behaviours in Tongan houses from a child's perspective. An innovative methodology was used, Kids'Cam Tonga. Seventy-two Class 6 children (10 to 13-year-olds) were randomly selected from 12 randomly selected schools in Tongatapu, the main island...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971111/use-of-autologous-fat-grafting-for-the-correction-of-burn-scar-contracture-in-the-hand-a-case-report
#5
Shems Al-Hayder, Christina Gramkow, Stig-Frederik Trojahn Kølle
Severe burn injuries to the hand represent a topic of great concern due to long-term complications such as hypertrofic burn scar and contracture, which may result in loss of function. We present a case of burn scar contracture in the hand of a child undergoing Z-plasty and lipofilling.
2017: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946104/parents-perceived-quality-of-pediatric-burn-care
#6
Mimmie Willebrand, Folke Sjöberg, Fredrik Huss, Josefin Sveen
PURPOSE: To describe parents' perceived quality of pediatric burn care and evaluate factors associated with differences in perceived quality among parents. METHODS: 62 parents of children with burns were recruited on a Swedish national basis 0.8 to 5.6years after the child's injury. Measures were an adaptation of the Quality of Care Indices - Parent questionnaire consisting of 8 subscales and one overall question, the Impact of Event Scale -Revised, Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, and Injury-specific fear-avoidance...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945443/comprehensive-grief-care-for-children-and-families-policy-and-practice-implications
#7
Brook Griese, Michaeleen R Burns, Samantha A Farro, Louise Silvern, Ayelet Talmi
Since the 1998 publication of the groundbreaking Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kaiser Permanente, increased research and funding has focused on mitigating experiences that place children at risk for developmental disruption. Surprisingly, the death of a parent, sibling, or other important attachment figure-often noted as one of the most disruptive and potentially traumatic experiences for a child-has received relatively little attention in these efforts...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939661/health-education-intervention-promoting-infant-safe-sleep-in-paediatric-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Eileen M McDonald, Amanda Davani, Akisha Price, Patricia Mahoney, Wendy Shields, Rashelle J Musci, Barry S Solomon, Elizabeth A Stuart, Andrea C Gielen
BACKGROUND: Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to improve infant sleep practices. There is limited research on how best to integrate safe sleep information into routine paediatric anticipatory guidance delivered at well child visits (WCVs). This protocol paper describes the design of the Safe Start Study, which aims to evaluate the impact of safe sleep interventions on parents' knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to creating and maintaining a safe sleep environment for their infants...
September 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927766/vulvovaginitis-presentation-of-more-common-problems-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-gynecology
#9
REVIEW
Meredith Loveless, Ohmar Myint
Vulvovaginitis is one of the most common gynecological complaints presenting in the pediatric and adolescent female. The common causes of vulvovaginitis in the pediatric patient differ than that considered in adolescent females. When a child present with vulvar itching, burning and irritation the most common etiology is non-specific and hygiene measures are recommended. However these symptoms can mimic more serious etiologies including infection, labial adhesion, lichen sclerosis, pinworms and foreign body must be considered...
September 5, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918905/raising-suspicion-of-maltreatment-from-burns-derivation-and-validation-of-the-burn-tool
#10
Alison M Kemp, Linda Hollén, Alan M Emond, Diane Nuttall, David Rea, Sabine Maguire
BACKGROUND: 10-25% of childhood burns arise from maltreatment. AIM: To derive and validate a clinical prediction tool to assist the recognition of suspected maltreatment. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from 1327 children with burns were analyzed using logistic regression. Regression coefficients for variables associated with 'referral for child maltreatment investigation' (112 cases) in multivariable analyses were converted to integers to derive the BuRN-Tool, scoring each child on a continuous scale...
September 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915225/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-measured-adiposity-age-5-to-19-years
#11
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d), and SED (h·d)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891876/impact-of-a-nurse-residency-program-on-transition-to-specialty-practice
#12
Susan A Boyer, Krystal K Valdez-Delgado, Jody L Huss, Amber J Barker, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
A nurse residency program can support transition for new-to-specialty nurses but requires commitment of time and resources. This implementation project used a specialty residency program shown to be effective in a Burn Center, and translated it into the Emergency Department and Maternal Child Health area located within the same medical treatment facility. Preceptor survey responses and leadership assessment of program suitability provided data related to intervention impact. The evidence pertaining to developing specialty knowledge, skills, competency, and clinical reasoning validated program efficacy...
September 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888663/impact-of-air-manganese-on-child-neurodevelopment-in-east-liverpool-ohio
#13
Erin N Haynes, Heidi Sucharew, Timothy J Hilbert, Pierce Kuhnell, Alonzo Spencer, Nicholas C Newman, Roxanne Burns, Robert Wright, Patrick J Parsons, Kim N Dietrich
BACKGROUND: East Liverpool, Ohio, the site of a hazardous waste incinerator and a manganese (Mn) processor, has had air Mn concentrations exceeding United States Environmental Protection Agency reference levels for over a decade. Save Our County, Inc., a community organization, was formed to address community environmental health concerns related to local industry. Researchers from the University of Cincinnati partnered with Save Our County to determine if air Mn had an impact on the neurocognitive function of children in the community...
September 6, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884642/the-abcs-of-burn-care-for-school-age-children
#14
Philip H Chang, Arlene Swan-Mahony
Burn injuries are among the most painful injuries any child can endure. This article explains common sources of burn injuries in student populations, diagnosis and classification of burn injuries, initial burn management, and how to determine when a child needs to be evaluated by a physician.
November 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880892/beyond-hiv-serodiscordance-partnership-communication-dynamics-that-affect-engagement-in-safer-conception-care
#15
Lynn T Matthews, Bridget F Burns, Francis Bajunirwe, Jerome Kabakyenga, Mwebesa Bwana, Courtney Ng, Jasmine Kastner, Annet Kembabazi, Naomi Sanyu, Adrine Kusasira, Jessica E Haberer, David R Bangsberg, Angela Kaida
INTRODUCTION: We explored acceptability and feasibility of safer conception methods among HIV-affected couples in Uganda. METHODS: We recruited HIV-positive men and women on antiretroviral therapy (ART) ('index') from the Uganda Antiretroviral Rural Treatment Outcomes cohort who reported an HIV-negative or unknown-serostatus partner ('partner'), HIV-serostatus disclosure to partner, and personal or partner desire for a child within two years. We conducted in-depth interviews with 40 individuals from 20 couples, using a narrative approach with tailored images to assess acceptability of five safer conception strategies: ART for the infected partner, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the uninfected partner, condomless sex timed to peak fertility, manual insemination, and male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854721/chronic-combined-hyperandrogenemia-and-western-style-diet-in-young-female-rhesus-macaques-causes-greater-metabolic-impairments-compared-to-either-treatment-alone
#16
C A True, D L Takahashi, S E Burns, E C Mishler, K R Bond, M C Wilcox, A R Calhoun, L A Bader, T A Dean, N D Ryan, O D Slayden, J L Cameron, R L Stouffer
STUDY QUESTION: Does developmental exposure to the combination of hyperandrogenemia and western-style diet (WSD) worsen adult metabolic function compared to either treatment alone? SUMMARY ANSWER: Young female rhesus macaques treated for 3 years, beginning at menarche, with combined testosterone (T) and WSD have increased weight gain and insulin resistance compared to controls and animals treated with either T or WSD alone. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hyperandrogenemia is a well-established component of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and can be observed in peripubertal girls, indicating a potential pubertal onset of the disease...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822592/use-of-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-for-pruritus-and-neuropathic-pain-associated-with-major-burn-injury-a-retrospective-chart-review
#17
Isha Kaul, Ami Amin, Marta Rosenberg, Laura Rosenberg, Walter J Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Pruritis after burn is one of the most common chronic complaints in burn survivors. Pruritus is often indistinguishable from neuropathic pain. There is a paucity of studies reporting the use of gabapentin and pregabalin to treat both pruritus and neuropathic pain. The purpose of this current study is to explore and document the effect of gabapentin and pregabalin in children and adolescent burn survivors. METHODS: A retrospective review of charts and pharmacy records of gabapentin and pregabalin dispensed to control pruritus and/or pain was conducted for burn survivors up to 20 years of age...
August 16, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812058/environmental-pollutants-and-neurodevelopment-review-of-benefits-from-closure-of-a-coal-burning-power-plant-in-tongliang-china
#18
Vrinda Kalia, Frederica Perera, Deliang Tang
Background. Understanding preventable causes of neurodevelopmental disorders is a public health priority. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from combustion of fossil fuel, lead, and mercury are among known neurodevelopmental toxicants. Method. For the first time, we comprehensively review the findings from a study by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health and Chinese partners that followed 2 groups of mother-child pairs, one from 2002 and another from 2005, in Tongliang County, China. Pregnant mothers in the 2 cohorts experienced different exposure to PAH because a local coal-burning power plant was shut down in 2004...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801150/three-dimensional-wound-mapping-software-compared-to-expert-opinion-in-determining-wound-area
#19
E Farrar, O Pujji, S Jeffery
INTRODUCTION: New technologies in the field of burn wound and scar assessment are continually being evaluated. Accurate estimation of total body surface area (TBSA) burn wound is of paramount importance in fluid resuscitation to prevent complications which are associated with morbidity and mortality. Estimating the TBSA is performed by a multitude of different methods, however a gold standard would be ideal. The aim of this study was to compare the estimation of burned TBSA% between 3D photography by Panasonic FZ-M1 Toughpad in conjunction with WoundCare Lite software and expert opinion volunteered by burns doctors...
August 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764763/the-shrinking-health-advantage-unintentional-injuries-among-children-and-youth-from-immigrant-families
#20
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Lisa Sheng, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Immigrants typically arrive in good health. This health benefit can decline as immigrants adopt behaviours similar to native-born populations. Risk of injury is low in immigrants but it is not known whether this changes with increasing time since migration. We sought to examine the association between duration of residence in Canada and risk of unintentional injury. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of children and youth 0 to 24 years in Ontario, Canada (2011-2012), using linked health and administrative databases...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
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