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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089405/use-of-essential-oils-following-traumatic-burn-injury-a-case-study
#1
Kathleen Jopke, Heather Sanders, Rosemary White-Traut
Hospital admissions related to burn injury reach 40,000 annually. Patients who experience extensive burns require longer hospital stays and are at increased risk for infection and hospital acquired conditions. This comparative case study is a two patient matched case control design that follows the hospital course of two children who experienced burn injuries. For one of these patients, with the consent of the child's parents, the grandmother treated her granddaughter with essential oils. Essential oils have the potential to inhibit microbial growth, support treatment of wounds, and facilitate healing...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069342/dressing-changes-in-a-burns-unit-for-children-under-the-age-of-five-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-experiences
#2
Jessica Morley, Natalie Holman, Craig D Murray
This study aimed to investigate the experiences of mothers who had attended their child's burn dressing changes. Participants were recruited from a burns unit based within a children's hospital. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with five mothers of children under the age of five who had undergone a series of dressing changes taking place on the burns unit. The interview guide explored parents' experience of initial and subsequent dressing changes. Participants were prompted to explore their expectations, thoughts, feelings and behaviours associated with these experiences...
January 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026710/trends-in-unintentional-injury-mortality-in-canadian-children-1950-2009-and-association-with-selected-population-level-interventions
#3
Sarah A Richmond, Jennifer D'Cruz, Armend Lokku, Alison Macpherson, Andrew Howard, Colin Macarthur
OBJECTIVES: To examine unintentional injury mortality rates in children (0-19 years) in Canada from 1950 to 2009 against national population-level injury prevention interventions. METHODS: Injury mortality rates were age and sex adjusted. Changes in trend and level of mortality rates were assessed at pre-specified intervention periods using segmented linear regression analyses for interrupted time series. Maximum likelihood estimation was used with a second order autoregressive error process...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009699/a-6-year-case-control-study-of-the-presentation-and-clinical-sequelae-for-noninflicted-negligent-and-inflicted-pediatric-burns
#4
Zachary J Collier, Veena Ramaiah, Jill C Glick, Lawrence J Gottlieb
Inflicted burns are one of the leading causes of abuse-related fatalities in children. Between 30 and 60% of children accidentally returned to abusive homes suffer reabuse. Given the high chance for abuse recurrence and the associated morbidity/mortality, it is critical that inflicted burns are promptly identified to guide appropriate medical and child welfare management. Although previous studies proposed historical and mechanistic features using noncomparative or poorly powered data, this study utilized comparative data from a 6-year period (2009-2014) at a certified burn center along with expert analysis from Child Advocacy and Protective Services (CAPS) to provide higher level evidence supporting classical findings while elucidating new features with respect to burn severity and required interventions...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009693/importance-of-scar-prevention-and-treatment-an-approach-from-wound-care-principles
#5
Leonardo Marini, Derek Odendaal, Sergey Smirnyi
BACKGROUND: The increased number of cosmetic surgical and nonsurgical procedures has led to a greater demand to achieve aesthetically acceptable scars. Silicone gel (SG) dressings were evaluated in these cases following the principles of wound care and also minimizing abnormal scar formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A newly developed solution in wound care in the form of a SG has proven to be a highly effective treatment for a series of 4 clinically challenging cases presented in this article: postprocedure healing after a laser treatment, nonhealing scalp wounds, chronic relapsing xerotic eczematous cheilitis, and the treatment of scars caused by third degree burns...
January 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992071/are-behaviour-problems-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-children-related-to-their-motor-ability
#6
Marcella Danks, Kate Cherry, Yvonne R Burns, Peter H Gray
AIM: Investigate if behaviour problems are independently related to mild motor impairment in 11-13 year old children born preterm with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). METHODS: The cross sectional study included 48 (27 male) non-disabled, otherwise healthy ELBW children (<1000g) and 55 (28 male) term born peers. Parents reported behaviour using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Children completed the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC)...
December 19, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984480/a-child-with-a-burn-related-foot-and-ankle-contracture-treated-with-multiple-modalities
#7
Miranda Yelvington, Michelle Scoggins, Leslie White
PURPOSE: The presence of hypertrophic scars, which cross lower extremity joints, can often result in decreased range of motion, limitations in functional mobility, and gait deviations. This article reviews a case and describes a multimodal treatment approach. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: A 6-year-old girl developed aggressive hypertrophic scars following a burn injury. A multimodal treatment approach, including splinting, elastomers, and physical therapy, was developed...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941573/in-flight-injuries-involving-children-on-commercial-airline-flights
#8
Paulo M Alves, Neil Nerwich, Alexandre T Rotta
BACKGROUND: More than 3 billion passengers are transported every year on commercial airline flights worldwide, many of whom are children. The incidence of in-flight medical events (IFMEs) affecting children is largely unknown. This study seeks to characterize pediatric IFMEs, with particular focus on in-flight injuries (IFIs). METHODS: We reviewed the records of all IFMEs from January 2009 to January 2014 involving children treated in consultation with a ground-based medical support center providing medical support to commercial airlines...
December 9, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939058/a-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstove-intervention-to-prevent-pneumonia-in-children-under-5-years-old-in-rural-malawi-the-cooking-and-pneumonia-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Kevin Mortimer, Chifundo B Ndamala, Andrew W Naunje, Jullita Malava, Cynthia Katundu, William Weston, Deborah Havens, Daniel Pope, Nigel G Bruce, Moffat Nyirenda, Duolao Wang, Amelia Crampin, Jonathan Grigg, John Balmes, Stephen B Gordon
BACKGROUND: WHO estimates exposure to air pollution from cooking with solid fuels is associated with over 4 million premature deaths worldwide every year including half a million children under the age of 5 years from pneumonia. We hypothesised that replacing open fires with cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstoves would reduce pneumonia incidence in young children. METHODS: We did a community-level open cluster randomised controlled trial to compare the effects of a cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstove intervention to continuation of open fire cooking on pneumonia in children living in two rural districts, Chikhwawa and Karonga, of Malawi...
January 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929329/parents-posttraumatic-stress-after-burns-in-their-school-aged-child-a-prospective-study
#10
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined the course and potential predictors of parents' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after burn injury in their child (Age 8 to 18 years). METHOD: One hundred eleven mothers and 91 fathers, representing 118 children, participated in the study. Within the first month after the burn event and subsequently at 3, 12, and 18 months postburn, both parents completed the Impact of Event Scale (IES). Parental emotions related to the burn event and appraisal of threat to the child's life were assessed, which were investigated in a multilevel regression model...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925114/the-occurrence-of-external-causes-in-childhood-in-emergency-care-epidemiological-aspects-brazil-2014
#11
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Mércia Gomes Oliveira de Carvalho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Jovina Quintes Avanci, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
Objective: To describe emergency care for external causes in childhood, age group 0-9 years, in Brazilian capitals, collected from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA) Survey in 2014. Methods: To review data from the VIVA survey conducted in public emergency services in 24 Brazilian capitals. Variables analyzed were gender, age group (0-1 years, 2-5 years and 6-9 years), race/skin color, type of events and injuries, aggressors and other. Results: Eight thousand five hundred eighty-eight children received care, of which 8,164 (95%) were victims of accidents and 424 (5%) of violence...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902672/essential-content-for-discharge-instructions-in-pediatric-emergency-care-a-delphi-study
#12
Janet A Curran, Andrea Murphy, Emma Burns, Amy Plint, Monica Taljaard, Shannon MacPhee, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Andrea Bishop, Jill Chorney, Megan Bourque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the 5 most essential discharge instruction content elements that should be communicated to all caregivers of children who present to the emergency department (ED) with asthma, vomiting/diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, minor head injury, or bronchiolitis. METHODS: A discharge information content list was developed for each illness presentation following a review of the literature. Using a modified Delphi technique, 6 lists were distributed to a panel of experts from EDs across Canada using a secure online survey tool with the goal of achieving the 5 most essential discharge instruction elements...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893581/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-demographics-on-activation-of-department-of-child-and-family-services-in-pediatric-burn-injury
#13
Jessica K Campos, Yee M Wong, Brittany N Hasty, Kelly A McElligott, Michael J Mosier
Burns resulting from child maltreatment are tragic causes of significant morbidity and mortality, most commonly affecting children under 3 years of age. More than one third of nonaccidental burns occur in single-parent homes or have parents with history of mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, or Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) involvement. The authors sought to profile pediatric burn injuries associated with DCFS investigations. They performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric burn patients, admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#14
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Evelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885339/establishing-waist-to-height-ratio-standards-from-criterion-referenced-bmi-using-roc-curves-in-low-income-children
#15
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, Yi Fang, You Fu, James C Hannon
The purpose of this study was to establish health-related waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) cut-points associating with FITNESSGRAM's body mass index (BMI) criterion-referenced standards in low-income children. A secondary aim was to examine the classification agreement between the derived WHtR cut-points and various cardiometabolic blood markers using current recommendations. Participants were 219 children from low-income schools (mean age = 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Waist circumference, height, weight, and cardiometabolic blood markers were collected in a fasting state before school hours...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872392/a-scoping-review-of-self-report-measures-of-aggression-and-bullying-for-use-with-preadolescent-children
#16
Helen J Nelson, Garth E Kendall, Sharyn K Burns, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl
Bullying in schools is a major health concern throughout the world, contributing to poor educational and mental health outcomes. School nurses are well placed to facilitate the implementation and evaluation of bullying prevention strategies. To evaluate the effect of such strategies, it is necessary to measure children's behavior over time. This scoping review of instruments that measure the self-report of aggressive behavior and bullying by children will inform the evaluation of bullying interventions. This review aimed to identify validated instruments that measure aggression and bullying among preadolescent children (age 8-12)...
November 20, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865548/household-and-caregiver-characteristics-and-behaviours-as-predictors-of-unsafe-exposure-of-children-to-paraffin-appliances
#17
A Van Niekerk, R Govender, N Hornsby, L Swart
This study examines adult safety knowledge and practices regarding the use of paraffin cooking appliances. The use of these is common in South Africa with injury risks that are poorly understood. This cross-sectional study was in an informal settlement in Johannesburg, South Africa, where children were reportedly at high risk for burns. This study sought to clarify relationships between key risks and developed individual and composite variables from theoretical constructs and operational definitions of risks for burns...
November 16, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865524/exposure-to-uv-filters-during-summer-and-winter-in-danish-kindergarten-children
#18
Marianna Krause, Anna-Maria Andersson, Niels E Skakkebaek, Hanne Frederiksen
BACKGROUND: Ultra violet (UV) filters with known or suspected endocrine disrupting properties are widely used in sunscreens and other personal care products, clothing, food packaging and many other consumer products. Danish kindergarten children have sunscreens applied daily during summer to prevent skin burns. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the assumed contribution of sunscreens to the total exposure to UV filters, we measured the urinary excretion of UV filters during summer and winter in kindergarten children...
November 16, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856504/child-marriage-and-women-s-attitude-towards-wife-beating-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-currently-married-adolescent-and-young-women-in-pakistan
#19
Muazzam Nasrullah, Sana Muazzam, Faisal Khosa, Muhammad Mobarak Hussain Khan
BACKGROUND: Child marriage (before 18 years) is widely prevalent in Pakistan, and disproportionately affects young girls in rural, low income and poorly-educated households. Our study aims to determine the association of child marriage and attitude towards wife beating among currently married Pakistani women aged 15-24 after controlling for social equity indicators (education, wealth index, rural residence). METHODS: We limited the data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2012-2013 to currently married women aged 15-24 years (n=2648)...
January 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833304/camphor-burns-over-the-forehead-socially-relevant-non-homicidal-injury-in-a-child
#20
Sandhya Pandey, Dinesh Kumar Sivakumar, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, M T Friji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
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