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Burns in child

Suena H Massey, Daniel K Mroczek, James L Burns, Caron A C Clark, Kimberly A Espy, Lauren S Wakschlag
BACKGROUND: While the majority of pregnant smokers do not respond to intervention, little is known about how a subset of pregnant smokers known as spontaneous quitters achieve sustained biologically-confirmed abstinence through delivery in the absence of intervention. We explore a developmental framework to address this question by viewing spontaneous quitting as an adaptive parenting behavior, facilitated by abilities necessary for sensitive parenting, or responsiveness. Utilizing existing data, we examined responsiveness from parenting assessments in women who exhibited a variety of smoking patterns during pregnancy, including spontaneous quitting...
February 28, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Johanne Déry, David Paquin, Jean-Simon Fortin, Isabelle Perreault, David R Labbe, Hunter G Hoffman, Stéphane Bouchard, Sylvie LeMay
Background: Virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method to distract from pain during painful procedures. However, it was never tested in young children with burn injuries undergoing wound care. Aim: We aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the study process and the use of VR for procedural pain management. Methods: From June 2016 to January 2017, we recruited children from 2 months to 10 years of age with burn injuries requiring a hydrotherapy session in a pediatric university teaching hospital in Montreal...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Shu-Fei Yang, Yenna Salamonson, Elaine Burns, Virginia Schmied
Background: Breastfeeding support from health professionals can be effective in influencing a mother's decision to initiate and maintain breastfeeding. However, health professionals, including nursing students, do not always receive adequate breastfeeding education during their foundational education programme to effectively help mothers. In this paper, we report on a systematic review of the literature that aimed to describe nursing and other health professional students' knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding, and examine educational interventions designed to increase breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes amongst health professional students...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Claire O Burns, Johnny L Matson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore whether a history of seizures was associated with autism symptom severity and developmental functioning in young children. METHODS: Autism symptom severity and developmental functioning were compared between children with and without a history or seizures who either had atypical development or met criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on review of records by a licensed clinical psychologist. RESULTS: Parents of children who met criteria for ASD reported lower levels of autism symptomology when the child had a history of seizures, while the opposite trend was found for children with atypical development...
February 20, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Karel D Čapek, Derek M Culnan, Manubhai H Desai, David N Herndon
More than 50 years ago, Shriners Hospitals for Children expanded their philanthropy to include care for burned children. In so doing, the effects of their work weightily expanded from rehabilitation and quality of life outcomes to include survival proper. As the first facility dedicated to the care of burned children, originally designated the Shriners Burn Institute, the Galveston hospital remains the cornerstone of this endeavor. Shriners maintains charitable pediatric hospitals, provide care irrespective of the patient's or the family's ability to pay, and promote research...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Rachel Kornhaber, Charmaine Childs, Michelle Cleary
BACKGROUND: A significant burn can severely impact the lives of survivors and their carers. This systematic review sought to incorporate the experiences of guilt, blame and shame across the lifespan for burn survivors, their families as well as the experiences of the parents of burned children. METHODS: A systematic review of qualitative studies on the experiences and perspectives of guilt, blame and shame by those affected by burn trauma across the lifespan. The databases, Pubmed, Scopus, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO were systematically searched...
February 14, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ali Tareen, Kristine Pallesen, Tine Vestergaard
Eruptive melanocytic nevi (EMN) is an unusual phenomenon characterized by the abrupt development of multiple melanocytic nevi over weeks to months in association with an underlying trigger. The underlying mechanisms are not fully understood, however, they have been associated with a variety of conditions. EMN is relatively uncommon and might be underreported due to the absence of close monitoring, insufficient recognition, and the presumed benign course of the condition. We describe the first case report of acral EMN associated with a burn wound on a 2-year-old child...
January 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Dorothy A Drago
This descriptive study examines twenty years of gasoline-related fatalities and emergency department treated injuries in the United States, based on data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Thermal burns consistently accounted for the majority (56%) of gasoline-related injuries and for most (82%) gasoline-related deaths, and were commonly (57-71%) associated with the use of gasoline as an accelerant. Poisoning accounted for 13% of injuries and 17% of deaths. The primary poisoning injury pattern was ingestion; the primary fatality pattern was inhalation, with about half of those associated with deliberate abuse...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Suvashis Dash, Jatin Bhojani, Sharadendu Sharma
Many chemicals used as medical treatments can cause chemical burns as an untoward side effect. One of such chemicals is potassium permanganate. It is a caustic chemical used as a disinfectant. The most common sites of burn by potassium permanganate are exposed sites like the face and hands. Chemical burns in the perianal and anal region are rare in clinical practice and even sparser in the pediatric age group. In this article, we report a case of perianal and anal chemical burn in an 18-month-old, male child, caused by potassium permanganate crystal applied wrongly for the treatment of pinworm infestation...
February 9, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
Victoria M Wurster Ovalle, Wendy J Pomerantz, Michael A Gittelman
This was a retrospective study examining severe injuries to Ohio children in order to provide pediatricians with targeted injury talking points at well visits. We included children ≤14 years old from the Ohio Trauma Acute Care Registry with severe unintentional injuries from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2012. There were 45 347 patients; 611 died, and the mean age was 6.8 years. Fractures/dislocations were common (46.6%), and many injuries occurred at home (49.1%). In children ≤2 years old, the leading causes of injury were falls and burns/fire; falls and motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) predominated above this age...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Jacqueline D Burgess, Kerrianne A Watt, Roy M Kimble, Cate M Cameron
AIM: The high incidence of hot beverage scalds among young children has not changed in the past 15 years, but preventive campaigns have been scarce. A novel approach was used to engage mothers of young children in an app-based hot beverage scald prevention campaign 'Cool Runnings'. This paper provides baseline data for this randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHOD: Queensland-based mothers aged 18+ years with at least one child aged 5-12 months were recruited via social media to Cool Runnings, which is a two-group, parallel, single-blinded RCT...
January 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Jason H Chen, Lauren B Nosanov, Bonnie C Carney, Mariana Vigiola Cruz, Lauren T Moffatt, Jeffrey W Shupp
BACKGROUND: Although racial disparities have been well described in trauma and medical literature, less is known about disparities in the burn population, especially the Native American, Hispanic, Black, and Asian minority groups. This study seeks to identify at-risk populations for differences in patient and social characteristics that may link certain race groups to disparate burn outcomes. METHODS: Data was reviewed from the National Burn Repository. Information regarding patient demographics, co-morbidities, complications, and clinical outcomes was recorded...
January 20, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Walter E Cromer, Scott D Zawieja, Karen M Doersch, Hayden Stagg, Felicia Hunter, Binu Tharakan, Ed Childs, David C Zawieja
It is theorized that toxic agents are transported from the hyperpermeable gut of burn victims through the lymph, to the systemic circulation, causing global injury. We believe that immune cells respond to leakage of "toxic lymph" following trauma causing the attraction of these cells to the perilymphatic space. To test this, we utilized a model of burn on rats to examine changes in a single immune cell population associated with mesenteric lymphatic dysfunction. We examined the ability of serum from these animals to increase permeability in lymphatic endothelial monolayers and disrupt cellular junctions...
January 23, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Gunsmaa Gerelmaa, Badarch Tumen-Ulzii, Shinji Nakahara, Masao Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the circumstances of burn injury occurrence among Mongolian children and the products involved. METHODS: Study participants were children aged 15 years and younger who were admitted to the Burn Unit of the National Trauma Orthopedic Research Center from August 2015 to July 2016. We collected data on participant demographics and the etiology and clinical features of their burn injuries, and we analyzed the data based on the NOMESCO Classification model...
January 20, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Mustafa Öksüz, Hasan Deliağa, Adem Topkara, Ömer Faruk Koçak
Genital and perineal burns are rare and challenging injuries with serious long-term complications. Involvement of the testes is a sign of severity. There is limited knowledge in the literature about the management of complications and testes involvement in genital and perineal burns. In this report, we present the case of an 8-year-old boy with secondary cryptorchidism due to burn contracture who was treated by increasing the scrotal volume by Z-plasties, skin graft, and orchidopexy.
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Robert Zajicek, Eva Sticova, Radana Königova
INTRODUCTION: Artificial skin has become the treatment of choice in extensive, full-thickness thermal injuries. The longest follow-up of the healing process in burn sites covered with the Integra Bilayer Matrix Wound Dressing onto the wound published to date was at around five years after application. In our case report, we describe the clinical and histological analysis of an extensive, full-thickness thermal injury 14 years on from treatment with the bilayer matrix wound dressing. CASE STUDY: A nine-year-old boy suffered a full-thickness skin loss over 85% of his body surface area following a fire accident...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg, Lucie Laflamme
BACKGROUND: Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on images viewed on a computer screen, but whether image-based analysis by experts using handheld devices is accurate remains to be determined. METHOD: A review of patient data from eight emergency centres in the Western Cape, South Africa, revealed 10 typical cases of burns commonly seen in children and adults...
December 13, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
Katherine Thurber, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Holger Möller, Rebecca Ivers, Chris Cowell, Vivian Isaac, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Cheryl Woodall, Kathleen Clapham
OBJECTIVE: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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