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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#1
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#2
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373062/a-summer-health-program-for-african-american-high-school-students-in-baltimore-maryland-community-partnership-for-integrative-health
#3
Beverly Pierce, Brandin Bowden, Molly McCullagh, Alica Diehl, Zachary Chissell, Rebecca Rodriguez, Brian M Berman, Christopher R D Adamo
CONTEXT: Physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and chronic stress threaten the health of African-American youth in urban environments. Conditions often worsen in summer with diminished access to healthy foods and safe venues for physical activity. OBJECTIVE: A public-private partnership was formed to develop and evaluate an integrative health intervention entitled "Mission Thrive Summer" (MTS). METHODS: The MTS setting was an urban farm and adjacent school in a low-income community in Baltimore, Maryland...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371630/is-foreign-direct-investment-good-for-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-instrumental-variable-approach
#4
Darren K Burns, Andrew P Jones, Yevgeniy Goryakin, Marc Suhrcke
There is a scarcity of quantitative research into the effect of FDI on population health in low and middle income countries (LMICs). This paper investigates the relationship using annual panel data from 85 LMICs between 1974 and 2012. When controlling for time trends, country fixed effects, correlation between repeated observations, relevant covariates, and endogeneity via a novel instrumental variable approach, we find FDI to have a beneficial effect on overall health, proxied by life expectancy. When investigating age-specific mortality rates, we find a stronger beneficial effect of FDI on adult mortality, yet no association with either infant or child mortality...
March 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#5
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363291/management-of-acute-pediatric-hand-burns
#6
REVIEW
William B Norbury, David N Herndon
Worldwide, approximately 500,000 children are admitted to the hospital with burn injuries every year. Referral to an accredited burn center is required for burns that involve the hand regardless of age. As with most burn injuries, a multidisciplinary approach is important; however, in the younger pediatric patient, extra resources such as child life services, pediatric psychotherapy, and music therapy all play major roles alongside the nurse, physical therapists, and psychiatrists so that together with the appropriate support for the family involved, a successful outcome can be achieved...
May 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340168/young-children-s-acute-stress-after-a-burn-injury-disentangling-the-role-of-injury-severity-and-parental-acute-stress
#7
Ann-Christin Haag, Markus A Landolt
 Although injury severity and parental stress are strong predictors of posttraumatic adjustment in young children after burns, little is known about the interplay of these variables. This study aimed at clarifying mediation processes between injury severity and mother's, father's, and young child's acute stress.   Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between injury severity and parental and child acute stress. Parents of 138 burn-injured children (ages 1-4 years) completed standardized questionnaires on average 19 days postinjury...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338594/the-association-of-non-accidental-trauma-with-historical-factors-exam-findings-and-diagnostic-testing-during-the-initial-trauma-evaluation
#8
Mauricio A Escobar, Marc Auerbach, Katherine Flynn-O'Brien, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Matthew A Borgman, Susan J Duffy, Kelly Falcone, Rita Burke, John M Cox, Sabine Maguire
Early identification of non-accidental trauma (NAT) is a critical component of pediatric trauma care. Literature searches were conducted related to the association of NAT with seven key areas: history, exam findings (burns, oral trauma, bruising) and imaging (fractures, abdominal and brain injuries). When available, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations with NAT are presented. Systematic reviews have been published in six of the seven key areas and are described. The operational definition of NAT was widely variable across studies, prohibiting meta-analysis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323136/self-reported-knee-pain-and-disability-among-healthy-individuals-reference-data-and-factors-associated-with-the-knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-koos-and-koos-child
#9
J N Baldwin, M J McKay, C E Hiller, N Moloney, E J Nightingale, J Burns
OBJECTIVE: To develop normative reference data for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and KOOS-Child, as well as investigate socio-demographic, psychological and physical factors associated with knee pain and disability among healthy adults. METHOD: The KOOS or KOOS-Child (each containing five subscales) was administered to participants aged 8-101 years within the 1000 Norms Project, an observational study of 1000 self-reported healthy individuals...
March 16, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318748/computer-tablet-distraction-reduces-pain-and-anxiety-in-pediatric-burn-patients-undergoing-hydrotherapy-a-randomized-trial
#10
Sherwood Burns-Nader, Lindsay Joe, Kelly Pinion
BACKGROUND: Distraction is often used in conjunction with analgesics to minimize pain in pediatric burn patients during treatment procedures. Computer tablets provide many options for distraction items in one tool and are often used during medical procedures. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of tablet distraction in improving the care of pediatric burn patients. AIM: This study examines the effectiveness of tablet distraction provided by a child life specialist to minimize pain and anxiety in pediatric burn patients undergoing hydrotherapy...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316905/the-global-burden-of-child-burn-injuries-in-light-of-country-level-economic-development-and-income-inequality
#11
Mathilde Sengoelge, Ziad El-Khatib, Lucie Laflamme
Child burn mortality differs widely between regions and is closely related to material deprivation, but reports on their global distribution are few. Investigating their country level distribution in light of economic level and income inequality will help assess the potential for macro-level improvements. We extracted data for child burn mortality from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013 and combined data into 1-14 years to calculate rates at country, region and income levels. We also compiled potential lives saved...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300970/falls-cuts-and-burns-in-children-0-4-years-of-age-2004-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#12
Raquel Siqueira Barcelos, Iná S Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J D Barros, Fernando C Barros, Giovanny Vinicius Araújo França, Vera Lúcia Schmidt da Silva
Knowledge on the incidence of childhood accidents according to the child's stage of development is important for designing preventive programs targeting each age bracket. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of falls, cuts, and burns in children up to four years of age according to family economic status and maternal age and schooling, in children from the 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. We calculated the incidence rates and incidence rates ratios for the 0-12, 12-24, and 24-48- months of age...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292896/loss-of-lmod1-impairs-smooth-muscle-cytocontractility-and-causes-megacystis-microcolon-intestinal-hypoperistalsis-syndrome-in-humans-and-mice
#13
Danny Halim, Michael P Wilson, Daniel Oliver, Erwin Brosens, Joke B G M Verheij, Yu Han, Vivek Nanda, Qing Lyu, Michael Doukas, Hans Stoop, Rutger W W Brouwer, Wilfred F J van IJcken, Orazio J Slivano, Alan J Burns, Christine K Christie, Karen L de Mesy Bentley, Alice S Brooks, Dick Tibboel, Suowen Xu, Zheng Gen Jin, Tono Djuwantono, Wei Yan, Maria M Alves, Robert M W Hofstra, Joseph M Miano
Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) is a congenital visceral myopathy characterized by severe dilation of the urinary bladder and defective intestinal motility. The genetic basis of MMIHS has been ascribed to spontaneous and autosomal dominant mutations in actin gamma 2 (ACTG2), a smooth muscle contractile gene. However, evidence suggesting a recessive origin of the disease also exists. Using combined homozygosity mapping and whole exome sequencing, a genetically isolated family was found to carry a premature termination codon in Leiomodin1 (LMOD1), a gene preferentially expressed in vascular and visceral smooth muscle cells...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289355/paediatric-burn-injuries-requiring-hospitalization-in-fars-southern-iran
#14
S M Marashi, H Sanaei-Zadeh, A Taghizadeh Behbahani, M Ayaz, M Akrami
The aim of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics of burnt children in need of hospitalization, causes of burns and associated complications in Fars province, Iran. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Files of all children under 15 years of age who were hospitalized in the only burn referral centre of Fars province were evaluated. Data regarding age, gender, location (urban, rural), burn surface area (BSA), cause of burn, length of hospital stay and complications were extracted from patients' files...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286813/risk-factors-of-non-fatal-unintentional-home-injuries-among-children-under-5-years-old-a-population-based-study
#15
Sedigheh Nouhjah, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Azadeh Saki
INTRODUCTION: In addition to the annual mortality rate, unintentional home injury may result in temporary or permanent disability and requires medical attention and continuous care in millions of children. This study aimed to explore features and risk factors of these injuries. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, demographic variables and epidemiologic pattern of home injuries among children under 5 years of age were collected via a population-based survey in seven main cities of Khuzestan province, southwest Iran, during September 2011 to December 2012...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279515/flame-time-of-a-cigarette-lighter-to-achieve-temperature-capable-of-inflicting-a-burn
#16
Svetlana Harel, Brooke Burkey, Autumn D Nanassy, Michele Marcolongo, Evan Phillips, Christine Campbell, Maria D McColgan
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette lighters are frequent vectors in intentional contact burns. Time and temperature needed to cause thermal injury are considered to differentiate accidental from inflicted burns. This study examines the minimum time needed to heat a cigarette lighter's top to temperatures capable of inflicting any clinically visible skin burn. This information could be useful in child abuse and other forensic cases. METHODS: A literature search was performed to establish the time and temperature at which partial/full thickness skin burns are acquired, regardless of vector...
March 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248835/specific-etiologies-associated-with-the-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-in-children-part-2
#17
Jeffrey S Upperman, John C Bucuvalas, Felicia N Williams, Bruce A Cairns, Charles S Cox, Allan Doctor, Robert F Tamburro
OBJECTIVE: To describe a number of conditions and therapies associated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome presented as part of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Multiple Organ Dysfunction Workshop (March 26-27, 2015). In addition, the relationship between burn injuries and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is also included although it was not discussed at the workshop. DATA SOURCES: Literature review, research data, and expert opinion...
March 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239912/verrucae-planae-within-previous-xenograft-sites-of-burn-wounds
#18
Olivia Chen, Michelle Vernali Pearlstein, Dean S Morrell, Sarah B Corley
Burn injuries are known to compromise host immune defenses through disruption of mucocutaneous barriers and suppression of cell-mediated immune responses, which may render patients with burn injuries susceptible to viral infections in the days to years after an initial insult. We report a case of verrucae planae developing as a secondary condition confined to former xenograft sites in a child, appearing more than 3.5 years after initial second-degree burn injuries. Only a few reports have previously described the development of verrucae in former burn sites, with most reporting latency to onset of verrucae appearance of months rather than years...
February 27, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228502/the-sudden-death-in-the-young-case-registry-collaborating-to-understand-and-reduce-mortality
#19
Kristin M Burns, Lauren Bienemann, Lena Camperlengo, Carri Cottengim, Theresa M Covington, Heather Dykstra, Meghan Faulkner, Rosemarie Kobau, Alexa B Erck Lambert, Heather MacLeod, Sharyn E Parks, Ellen Rosenberg, Mark W Russell, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Esther Shaw, Niu Tian, Vicky Whittemore, Jonathan R Kaltman
Knowledge gaps persist about the incidence of and risk factors for sudden death in the young (SDY). The SDY Case Registry is a collaborative effort between the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Michigan Public Health Institute. Its goals are to: (1) describe the incidence of SDY in the United States by using population-based surveillance; (2) compile data from SDY cases to create a resource of information and DNA samples for research; (3) encourage standardized approaches to investigation, autopsy, and categorization of SDY cases; (4) develop partnerships between local, state, and federal stakeholders toward a common goal of understanding and preventing SDY; and (5) support families who have lost loved ones to SDY by providing resources on bereavement and medical evaluation of surviving family members...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196343/do-abused-young-children-feel-less-pain
#20
Marie-Hélène Drouineau, Elise Guenego, Véronique Sebille-Rivain, Bénédicte Vrignaud, Martine Balençon, Thomas Blanchais, Karine Levieux, Nathalie Vabres, Georges Picherot, Christèle Gras-le Guen
The objective of this study was to investigate whether acute pain in abused children was under recognized by doctors and nurses compared to children evaluated for accidental injuries. We hypothesize that an abused child's reaction to physical pain could be an additional symptom of this challenging diagnosis. For the observational prospective case control study in an emergency department, children were eligible when: younger than six years old, the reported trauma occurred within the previous seven days, the trauma comprised a bone injury or burn, and the child was able to express his or her pain...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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