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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902672/essential-content-for-discharge-instructions-in-pediatric-emergency-care-a-delphi-study
#1
Janet A Curran, Andrea Murphy, Emma Burns, Amy Plint, Monica Taljaard, Shannon MacPhee, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Andrea Bishop, Jill Chorney, Megan Bourque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the 5 most essential discharge instruction content elements that should be communicated to all caregivers of children who present to the emergency department (ED) with asthma, vomiting/diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, minor head injury, or bronchiolitis. METHODS: A discharge information content list was developed for each illness presentation following a review of the literature. Using a modified Delphi technique, 6 lists were distributed to a panel of experts from EDs across Canada using a secure online survey tool with the goal of achieving the 5 most essential discharge instruction elements...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893581/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-demographics-on-activation-of-department-of-child-and-family-services-in-pediatric-burn-injury
#2
Jessica K Campos, Yee M Wong, Brittany N Hasty, Kelly A McElligott, Michael J Mosier
Burns resulting from child maltreatment are tragic causes of significant morbidity and mortality, most commonly affecting children under 3 years of age. More than one third of nonaccidental burns occur in single-parent homes or have parents with history of mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, or Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) involvement. The authors sought to profile pediatric burn injuries associated with DCFS investigations. They performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric burn patients, admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#3
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885339/establishing-waist-to-height-ratio-standards-from-criterion-referenced-bmi-using-roc-curves-in-low-income-children
#4
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, Yi Fang, You Fu, James C Hannon
The purpose of this study was to establish health-related waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) cut-points associating with FITNESSGRAM's body mass index (BMI) criterion-referenced standards in low-income children. A secondary aim was to examine the classification agreement between the derived WHtR cut-points and various cardiometabolic blood markers using current recommendations. Participants were 219 children from low-income schools (mean age = 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Waist circumference, height, weight, and cardiometabolic blood markers were collected in a fasting state before school hours...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872392/a-scoping-review-of-self-report-measures-of-aggression-and-bullying-for-use-with-preadolescent-children
#5
Helen J Nelson, Garth E Kendall, Sharyn K Burns, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl
Bullying in schools is a major health concern throughout the world, contributing to poor educational and mental health outcomes. School nurses are well placed to facilitate the implementation and evaluation of bullying prevention strategies. To evaluate the effect of such strategies, it is necessary to measure children's behavior over time. This scoping review of instruments that measure the self-report of aggressive behavior and bullying by children will inform the evaluation of bullying interventions. This review aimed to identify validated instruments that measure aggression and bullying among preadolescent children (age 8-12)...
November 20, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865548/household-and-caregiver-characteristics-and-behaviours-as-predictors-of-unsafe-exposure-of-children-to-paraffin-appliances
#6
A Van Niekerk, R Govender, N Hornsby, L Swart
This study examines adult safety knowledge and practices regarding the use of paraffin cooking appliances. The use of these is common in South Africa with injury risks that are poorly understood. This cross-sectional study was in an informal settlement in Johannesburg, South Africa, where children were reportedly at high risk for burns. This study sought to clarify relationships between key risks and developed individual and composite variables from theoretical constructs and operational definitions of risks for burns...
November 16, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865524/exposure-to-uv-filters-during-summer-and-winter-in-danish-kindergarten-children
#7
Marianna Krause, Anna-Maria Andersson, Niels E Skakkebaek, Hanne Frederiksen
BACKGROUND: Ultra violet (UV) filters with known or suspected endocrine disrupting properties are widely used in sunscreens and other personal care products, clothing, food packaging and many other consumer products. Danish kindergarten children have sunscreens applied daily during summer to prevent skin burns. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the assumed contribution of sunscreens to the total exposure to UV filters, we measured the urinary excretion of UV filters during summer and winter in kindergarten children...
November 16, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856504/child-marriage-and-women-s-attitude-towards-wife-beating-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-currently-married-adolescent-and-young-women-in-pakistan
#8
Muazzam Nasrullah, Sana Muazzam, Faisal Khosa, Muhammad Mobarak Hussain Khan
BACKGROUND: Child marriage (before 18 years) is widely prevalent in Pakistan, and disproportionately affects young girls in rural, low income and poorly-educated households. Our study aims to determine the association of child marriage and attitude towards wife beating among currently married Pakistani women aged 15-24 after controlling for social equity indicators (education, wealth index, rural residence). METHODS: We limited the data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2012-2013 to currently married women aged 15-24 years (n=2648)...
November 17, 2016: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833304/camphor-burns-over-the-forehead-socially-relevant-non-homicidal-injury-in-a-child
#9
Sandhya Pandey, Dinesh Kumar Sivakumar, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, M T Friji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814438/iodine-status-over-two-decades-influence-of-seaweed-exposure
#10
P Smyth, R Burns, M Casey, K Mullan, C O'Herlihy, C O'Dowd
Iodine deficiency is known to result in deficits in neuropsychological development in children born to iodine deficient mothers. However, a remedy in terms of iodisation of table salt as is the norm in most countries, has not been embraced by Ireland. The borderline iodine status of the Irish population persists unchanged over the past 20 years with the annual median urinary iodine (UI) varying from 62.9 to 105 μg/L; overall median 72.4 μg/L (WHO recommended 100 μg/L). Exposure to a seaweed rich environment allowing for intake by respiration of seaweed derived gaseous iodine, rather than simple proximity to the sea, confers advantages in terms of iodine intake with 21/46 (45...
June 10, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812754/household-environment-lifestyle-behaviors-and-dietary-habits-in-relation-to-childhood-atopic-eczema-in-shanghai-china
#11
Jiao Cai, Wei Liu, Yu Hu, Zhijun Zou, Li Shen, Chen Huang
PURPOSES: We aim to investigate associations of the child's individual characteristics, building characteristics, home environmental exposures, family lifestyle behaviors, and dietary habits on childhood eczema during lifetime-ever and in the last year before the survey. METHODS: During April 2011-April 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional study and collected 13,335 parents-reported questionnaires of 4-6-year-old children from 72 kindergartens in Shanghai, China...
November 3, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804242/association-between-body-mass-index-percentile-trajectories-in-infancy-and-adiposity-in-childhood-and-early-adulthood
#12
Soyang Kwon, Kathleen F Janz, Elena M Letuchy, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVE: To identify distinct body mass index (BMI) percentile trajectories during early childhood and examine adiposity levels in childhood and early adulthood according to the BMI percentile trajectories. METHODS: Iowa Fluoride Study cohort parents (n = 1,093) reported their child's anthropometric data on average six times between ages 0 and 23 months. A subset of the cohort underwent DXA scans at approximately age 8 years (n = 495) and again at approximately age 19 years (n = 314)...
November 2, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777544/qualitative-analysis-of-emergency-department-reports-applied-to-a-pilot-project-for-the-prevention-of-pediatric-burns
#13
E Longo, M Masellis, G Fondi, C Cedri, C Debbia, A Pitidis
Accidents and burns are a major problem in Italy and in industrialized countries, due to the consequences they have on health, especially in children aged 0-4 years. In Italy, about 400 people die each year from burns, with over 70% of these occurring in the home. In the European Union, burns are one of the top five causes of death from accidents, accounting for 3% of all deaths from accidents and violence in those age groups. One percent of all deaths in children are due to burns. In this paper, we illustrate the results of qualitative analysis, conducted according to the methodology of content analysis, on narratives included in the anamnesis of clinical papers at the ED in 738 cases of burns in children (0-14 years) observed in a sample of Emergency Departments in the years 2005-2009...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777134/is-there-any-place-for-spontaneous-healing-in-deep-palmar-burn-of-the-child
#14
J Chateau, M Guillot, L Zevounou, F Braye, J-L Foyatier, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
Child palm burns arise by contact and are often deep. The singular difficulty of such a disease comes from the necessity of the child growth and from the potential occurrence of constricted scars. In order to avoid sequelae, the actual gold standard is to practice an early excision of the burn, followed by a skin graft. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of spontaneous healing combined with rehabilitation versus early skin grafting and rehabilitation concerning the apparition of sequelae. We performed a retrospective study in two burn centers and one rehabilitation hospital between 1995 and 2010...
October 21, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760646/-the-efficacy-of-large-spot-indirect-ophthalmoscopy-laser-alone-or-combined-with-systemic-chemotherapy-in-retinoblastoma-therapy
#15
J H Liang, Y Cheng, X Deng, Y Y Yu, X X Li
: Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of large spot indirect ophthalmoscopy laser alone or combined with systemic chemotherapy in the treatment of early and middle stage retinoblastoma. Methods: Retrospective series case study. Clinical data of 21 patients (22 eyes) who were diagnosed as retinoblastoma (RB) in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2009 to August 2014 were collected. Medical and family history, ocular ultrasound, orbital and cranial MRI or CT examination of RB Children were detailed recorded...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755554/assessing-program-coverage-of-two-approaches-to-distributing-a-complementary-feeding-supplement-to-infants-and-young-children-in-ghana
#16
Grant J Aaron, Nicholas Strutt, Nathaniel Amoh Boateng, Ernest Guevarra, Katja Siling, Alison Norris, Shibani Ghosh, Mercy Nyamikeh, Antoine Attiogbe, Richard Burns, Esi Foriwa, Yasuhiko Toride, Satoshi Kitamura, Kwaku Tano-Debrah, Daniel Sarpong, Mark Myatt
The work reported here assesses the coverage achieved by two sales-based approaches to distributing a complementary food supplement (KOKO Plus™) to infants and young children in Ghana. Delivery Model 1 was conducted in the Northern Region of Ghana and used a mixture of health extension workers (delivering behavior change communications and demand creation activities at primary healthcare centers and in the community) and petty traders recruited from among beneficiaries of a local microfinance initiative (responsible for the sale of the complementary food supplement at market stalls and house to house)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754517/-health-diagnosis-and-risk-perception-key-elements-of-a-proposed-intervention-for-indigenous-communities-in-mexico
#17
Mónica Terán-Hernández, Fernando Díaz-Barriga, Ana Cristina Cubillas-Tejeda
Objective To carry out a diagnosis of children's environmental health and an analysis of risk perception in indigenous communities of the Huasteca Sur region of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, in order to design an intervention strategy in line with their needs. Methods The study used mixed methods research, carried out in two phases. It was conducted in three indigenous communities of Tancanhuitz municipality from January 2005 to June 2006. In the adult population, risk perception was analyzed through focus groups, in-depth interviews, and questionnaires...
February 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745732/an-interesting-case-of-a-burns-mimicker-the-importance-of-dermatology-in-assessing-suspected-child-maltreatment
#18
Stephen Mullen, Zoe Roberts, Sabine Maguire, Glyn Torne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743735/why-burn-patients-are-referred
#19
Noor-Ahmad Latifi, Hamid Karimi
BACKGROUND: Many burn patients are needed to be referred to a tertiary burn hospital according to the American Burn Association (ABA) criteria. The purpose of this study was to verify the reasons for referring of the burn patients to the hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 2 years, we prospectively surveyed the burn patients referred to a tertiary teaching burn hospital. Data for the following variables were collected and analyzed with SPSS software V21.0: causes of burn; age; gender; total body surface area (TBSA) measured at the referring center; TBSA measured at the receiving center; concomitant diseases and traumas; the reason for referral; condition of patients before and during the transportation; transportation time; presence of infection; presence of inhalation injury, electrical injury, and chemical injury; child abuse; insurance coverage; and results and outcomes of patients...
October 12, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743733/qualitative-analysis-of-a-psychological-supportive-counseling-group-for-burn-survivors-and-families-in-malawi
#20
Brian S Barnett, Macjellings Mulenga, Michelle M Kiser, Anthony G Charles
OBJECTIVE: While psychological care, including supportive group therapy, is a mainstay of burn treatment in the developed world, few reports of support groups for burn survivors and their caregivers in the developing world exist. This study records the findings of a support group in Malawi and provides a qualitative analysis of thematic content discussed by burn survivors and caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established a support group for burn survivors and caregivers from February-May 2012 in the burn unit at Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi...
October 12, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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