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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812058/environmental-pollutants-and-neurodevelopment-review-of-benefits-from-closure-of-a-coal-burning-power-plant-in-tongliang-china
#1
Vrinda Kalia, Frederica Perera, Deliang Tang
Background. Understanding preventable causes of neurodevelopmental disorders is a public health priority. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from combustion of fossil fuel, lead, and mercury are among known neurodevelopmental toxicants. Method. For the first time, we comprehensively review the findings from a study by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health and Chinese partners that followed 2 groups of mother-child pairs, one from 2002 and another from 2005, in Tongliang County, China. Pregnant mothers in the 2 cohorts experienced different exposure to PAH because a local coal-burning power plant was shut down in 2004...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801150/three-dimensional-wound-maping-software-compared-to-expert-opinion-in-determining-wound-area
#2
E Farrar, O Pujji, S Jeffery
INTRODUCTION: New technologies in the field of burn wound and scar assessment are continually being evaluated. Accurate estimation of total body surface area (TBSA) burn wound is of paramount importance in fluid resuscitation to prevent complications which are associated with morbidity and mortality. Estimating the TBSA is performed by a multitude of different methods, however a gold standard would be ideal. The aim of this study was to compare the estimation of burned TBSA% between 3D photography by Panasonic FZ-M1 Toughpad in conjunction with WoundCare Lite software and expert opinion volunteered by burns doctors...
August 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764763/the-shrinking-health-advantage-unintentional-injuries-among-children-and-youth-from-immigrant-families
#3
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Lisa Sheng, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Immigrants typically arrive in good health. This health benefit can decline as immigrants adopt behaviours similar to native-born populations. Risk of injury is low in immigrants but it is not known whether this changes with increasing time since migration. We sought to examine the association between duration of residence in Canada and risk of unintentional injury. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of children and youth 0 to 24 years in Ontario, Canada (2011-2012), using linked health and administrative databases...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758942/child-supervision-and-burn-outcome-among-admitted-patients-at-major-trauma-hospitals-in-the-gambia
#4
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Tracy Young, Laurence Fuortes
Burn-related injuries are a significant burden in children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where more than 90% of burn-related pediatric deaths occur. Lack of adult supervision of children is a major risk for pediatric burn injuries. The goal of this paper was to examine the general characteristics of burns and identify burn injury outcomes among adult-supervised children compared to those who were not supervised. The study examined burn injury and clinical characteristics among all burn patients admitted to two trauma hospitals in The Gambia, West Africa...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752770/disorders-of-sex-development-mothers-experiences-of-support
#5
Clare Chivers, Jan Burns, Martha Deiros Collado
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of research has sought to determine the impact of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) on the family of the affected child. Little is currently understood about the support needs of the family and how well these needs are met. METHODS: Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyse semi-structured interviews with eight mothers of children with DSD about their experiences of support. RESULTS: Four master themes emerged which encapsulated (a) the stages in their child's development when mothers most needed support, (b) the importance of developing an understanding of the child's condition, (c) the lack of acknowledgement of the emotional needs of the parent and (d) the importance of having close and trusted networks for support...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752669/behaviour-of-4-to-5-year-old-nondisabled-elbw-children-outcomes-following-group-based-physiotherapy-intervention
#6
L Brown, Y R Burns, P Watter, P H Gray, K S Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Extreme prematurity or extremely low birth weight (ELBW) can adversely affect behaviour. Nondisabled ELBW children are at risk of behavioural problems, which may become a particular concern after commencement of formal education. This study explored the frequency of behavioural and emotional problems amongst nondisabled ELBW children at 4 to 5 years of age and whether intervention had a positive influence on behaviour. The relationship between behaviour, gender, and other areas of performance at 5 years was explored...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750583/association-of-a-history-of-child-abuse-with-impaired-myelination-in-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-convergent-epigenetic-transcriptional-and-morphological-evidence
#7
Pierre-Eric Lutz, Arnaud Tanti, Alicja Gasecka, Sarah Barnett-Burns, John J Kim, Yi Zhou, Gang G Chen, Marina Wakid, Meghan Shaw, Daniel Almeida, Marc-Aurele Chay, Jennie Yang, Vanessa Larivière, Marie-Noël M'Boutchou, Léon C van Kempen, Volodymyr Yerko, Josée Prud'homme, Maria Antonietta Davoli, Kathryn Vaillancourt, Jean-François Théroux, Alexandre Bramoullé, Tie-Yuan Zhang, Michael J Meaney, Carl Ernst, Daniel Côté, Naguib Mechawar, Gustavo Turecki
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse has devastating and long-lasting consequences, considerably increasing the lifetime risk of negative mental health outcomes such as depression and suicide. Yet the neurobiological processes underlying this heightened vulnerability remain poorly understood. The authors investigated the hypothesis that epigenetic, transcriptomic, and cellular adaptations may occur in the anterior cingulate cortex as a function of child abuse. METHOD: Postmortem brain samples from human subjects (N=78) and from a rodent model of the impact of early-life environment (N=24) were analyzed...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718941/child-understandings-of-the-causation-of-childhood-burn-injuries-child-activity-parental-domestic-demands-and-impoverished-settings
#8
N Titi, A van Niekerk, R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Burns are a global public health problem. In South Africa, the rate of paediatric burn deaths is 5 times higher than other upper middle-income countries, with concentrations in impoverished settings. Globally, the majority of research focuses on expert and caregiver descriptions of burn occurrence, causation, and prevention, with limited consideration of children's perspectives. This study investigated children's understanding of the causation and prevention of childhood burns...
July 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704900/examination-of-an-audiologist-s-response-to-patient-s-expression-of-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#9
Ashley L Dockens, Monica L Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns, Vinaya Manchaiah, Orlando Hinojosa
This pilot study explores audiologist-patient interactions during initial evaluations or consultations. In particular, an audiologist's response to patient symptoms is examined. Conversations between audiologist and patients were recorded using a digital recorder, which were transcribed, and analyzed using the Codes for Human Analysis of Transcripts and Child Language Analysis computer programs. Mean length of turn and frequency of utterances related to explicit discussion or description of symptoms or the patient's interpretation of symptoms was determined...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624354/school-reintegration-of-pediatric-burn-survivors-an-integrative-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Raquel Pan, Bruna Domingos Dos Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The school is an essential context for children's social interaction with peers and to develop academic skills. Therefore, a fast reintegration can help children with burns to normalize their life. Thus, school reintegration is an important outcome after burns. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature addressing school reintegration programs of pediatric burns survivors. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched independently by two reviewers...
June 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610795/perceived-fatigue-following-pediatric-burns
#11
Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Froukje Dijkstra, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Laurien M Disseldorp, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a common consequence of numerous pediatric health conditions. In adult burn survivors, fatigue was found to be a major problem. The current cross-sectional study is aimed at determining the levels of perceived fatigue in pediatric burn survivors. METHODS: Perceived fatigue was assessed in 23 children and adolescents (15 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-18 years, with burns covering 10-46% of the total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) using both child self- and parent proxy reports of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale...
June 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606747/hot-tea-and-tiny-tots-don-t-mix-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-hot-beverage-scalds
#12
J D Burgess, R M Kimble, K A Watt, C M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Hot beverage scalds are a leading cause of burns in young children. The aim of this study was to look at the circumstances surrounding these injuries in terms of setting, mechanism, supervision and first aid to inform a prevention campaign. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was delivered via iPad to parents and caregivers presenting with a child aged 0-36 months with a hot beverage scald at a major paediatric burns centre. RESULTS: Of the 101 children aged 0-36 months that presented with a hot beverage scald over a 12-month period, 54 participants were included...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592934/new-dressing-combination-for-the-treatment-of-partial-thickness-burn-injuries-in-children
#13
G Józsa, E Tóth, Zs Juhász
Burns are among the most common causes of injury in children. Several wound dressings are available to conservatively treat second-degree burns. Seventy-three children were treated with Aquacel Ag foam and Zn-hyaluronon gel to determine their effectiveness on partial thickness burns. We applied silver nitrate solution on 25% of patients for 24 hrs, then checked burn depth. If the burn was superficial second degree, we applied the dressing under study. All dressings were removed 6-7 days later. In the remaining children we used Aquacel Ag foam dressing with Zn-hyaluronon gel at first intervention...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576249/pediatric-burn-care-unique-considerations-in-management
#14
REVIEW
Amita R Shah, Lillian F Liao
Severe pediatric burns require a multidisciplinary team approach at a specialized pediatric burn center. Special attention must be paid to estimations of total body surface area, fluid resuscitation and metabolic demands, and adequate analgesia and sedation. Long-term effects involve scar management and psychosocial support to the child and their family. Compassionate comprehensive burn care is accomplished by a multidisciplinary team offering healing in the acute setting and preparing the child and family for long-term treatment and care...
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574873/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dxa-measured-adiposity-age-5-19-years
#15
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 years). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17 & 19 years. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min/day), light-intensity PA (LPA; min/day), and SED (h/day)...
June 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555536/laryngeal-amyloidosis-diagnosis-pathophysiology-and-management
#16
N M Phillips, E Matthews, C Altmann, J Agnew, H Burns
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal amyloidosis represents approximately 1 per cent of all benign laryngeal lesions, and can cause variable symptoms depending on anatomical location and size. Treatment ranges from observation through to endoscopic microsurgery, laser excision and laryngectomy. OBJECTIVES: To highlight the diversity of presentations, increase awareness of paediatric amyloidosis and update the reader on current management. CASE SERIES: Five cases are illustrated...
July 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551557/on-the-road-to-recovery-gasoline-content-regulations-and-child-health
#17
Michelle Marcus
Gasoline content regulations are designed to curb pollution and improve health, but their impact on health has not been quantified. By exploiting both the timing of regulation and spatial variation in children's exposure to highways, I estimate the effect of gasoline content regulation on pollution and child health. The introduction of cleaner-burning gasoline in California in 1996 reduced asthma admissions by 8% in high exposure areas. Reductions are greatest for areas downwind from highways and heavy traffic areas...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551503/a-profile-of-child-branding-cases-in-kashmir-valley
#18
Arsalaan F Rashid, Kaiser Ahmed, Farida Noor
The article deals with child branding cases that were researched over a period of two years. Child branding practice is a common occurrence in the rural areas of the Kashmir valley where it is often practiced by faith healers [quacks] having no knowledge of underlying disease processes or the possible differentials of the same; leaving treatment protocols a distant possibility for the same. These illiterate so called healers possibly relieve the initial stigmata of the disease process that is pain by many procedures including burning the affected population with hot coals; embers; and various other pain inducing processes...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536038/a-review-of-the-evidence-for-threshold-of-burn-injury
#19
REVIEW
N A Martin, S Falder
INTRODUCTION: Burn injury is common and depth is one measure of severity. Although the depth of burn injury is determined by many factors, the relationship between the temperature of the injurious agent and exposure duration, known as the time-temperature relationship, is widely accepted as one of the cornerstones of burn research. Moritz and Henriques first proposed this relationship in 1947 and their seminal work has been cited extensively. However, over the years, readers have misinterpreted their findings and incorporated misleading information about the time-temperature relationship into a wide range of industrial standards, burn prevention literature and medicolegal opinion...
May 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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