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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776861/acceptability-and-functionality-of-the-kettle-strap-an-attempt-to-decrease-kettle-related-burns-in-children
#1
Obakeng Makhubalo, Dorothy Schulman, Heinz Rode, Sharon Cox
BACKGROUND: Extensive hot water burns (HWB) are common at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH). The majority are caused by kettle scalds. These burn injuries usually affect toddlers living in poor socio-economic circumstances. The majority of these injuries are preventable. AIM: This trial aims to demonstrate the acceptability and functionality of the Kettle Strap as a kettle safety device. The feedback will be used for a public awareness program marketed by the Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Southern Africa and ChildSafe as part of their mandate to reduce kettle related thermal injuries...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771374/our-inner-city-children-inflicted-with-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-of-pediatric-burn-admissions-at-harlem-hospital-ny
#2
Anant Dinesh, Thais Polanco, Khurram Khan, Alexius Ramcharan, Ryan Engdahl
Pediatric burns in the urban environment present special problems. Inner-city communities may be unique with hardships due to various socioeconomic factors. There is lack of literature analyzing pediatric burns in the inner-city, and there has been no report to date reviewing Harlem New York City, one of the most challenged areas in the nation. The aim of this study is to understand the pre-hospital circumstances, socioeconomic factors and management of pediatric burns admitted to our hospital. A retrospective review was performed including all patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the burn care unit from January 2006-May 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757077/investigating-whether-maternal-memory-specificity-is-indirectly-associated-with-child-memory-specificity-through-maternal-reminiscing
#3
Laura Jobson, Kimberly Burford, Breana Burns, Amelia Baldry, Yun Wu
Maternal reminiscing and remembering has a profound influence on the development of children's autobiographical remembering skills. The current study investigated the relationships between maternal memory specificity, maternal reminiscing and child memory specificity. Participants consisted of 40 mother-child dyads. Children's age ranged between 3.5 and 6 years. Mothers and children participated in individual assessments of autobiographical memory specificity. Dyads participated in a joint reminiscing task about three past emotional (happy, sad, stressful) events...
May 14, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753452/exploring-the-acceptability-of-using-low-friction-bedding-for-patients-with-burns-qualitative-results-from-the-silkie-study
#4
K Whale, J C Ingram, S George, F Spickett-Jones, A Sack, A E Young
BACKGROUND: Skin grafts following deep burns are needed to ensure healing. Grafts that fail and require re-grafting cause significant distress to patients and additional costs for the NHS. Shearing, which leads to graft loss, may be reduced through the use of low-friction bedding. A feasibility study was conducted to assess proof of concept for the use of low-friction bedding for patients with burns. Patient, parent and staff views on the acceptability of this material were explored through semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746452/progress-toward-polio-eradication-worldwide-january-2016-march-2018
#5
Farrah Khan, S Deblina Datta, Arshad Quddus, John F Vertefeuille, Cara C Burns, Jaume Jorba, Steven G F Wassilak
In 1988, when an estimated 350,000 cases of poliomyelitis occurred in 125 countries, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate polio globally. Transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) continues uninterrupted in only three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan) (1), and among the three serotypes, WPV type 1 (WPV1) remains the only confirmed circulating type. This report describes global progress toward polio eradication during January 2016-March 2018, and updates previous reports (2). In 2017, 22 WPV1 cases were reported, a 41% decrease from the 37 WPV1 cases reported in 2016...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746360/laxative-induced-contact-dermatitis
#6
Jennifer E Melvin, Robert W Hickey
A 5-year-old female with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy and a history of constipation presented to the emergency department with a new blistering buttocks rash, which was initially concerning for nonaccidental burn. Upon further investigation, it was found that Ex-Lax had been given to the patient for constipation. This had resulted in a bowel movement, which led to an irritant dermatitis. The patient was eventually diagnosed with senna-induced erosive diaper dermatitis. This case report highlights the importance of a thorough history and physical examination to prevent an unnecessary child abuse work-up...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700714/advancing-the-multi-informant-assessment-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-child-self-report-in-relation-to-parent-and-teacher-ratings-of-sct-and-impairment
#7
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children and advancements in its measurement, little research has examined child self-reported SCT. Child self-report of SCT is important for the multi-informant assessment of SCT. The current study used a large, school-based sample of children and a multi-informant design to examine child self-reported SCT using the Child Concentration Inventory - Version 2 (CCI-2) which was recently revised based on meta-analytic findings and parallels the item content of validated parent and teacher rating scales...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684544/the-international-childhood-cardiovascular-cohort-i3c-consortium-outcomes-study-of-childhood-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-adult-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-design-and-recruitment
#8
Alan R Sinaiko, David R Jacobs, Jessica G Woo, Lydia Bazzano, Trudy Burns, Tian Hu, Markus Juonala, Ronald Prineas, Olli Raitakari, Julia Steinberger, Elaine Urbina, Alison Venn, Cashell Jaquish, Terry Dwyer
Although it is widely thought that childhood levels of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors are related to adult CV disease, longitudinal data directly linking the two are lacking. This paper describes the design and organization of the International Childhood Cardiovascular Cohort Consortium Outcomes Study (i3C Outcomes), the first longitudinal cohort study designed to locate adults with detailed, repeated, childhood biological, physical, and socioeconomic measurements and a harmonized database. I3C Outcomes uses a Heart Health Survey (HHS) to obtain information on adult CV endpoints, using mail, email, telephone, and clinic visits in the United States (U...
April 20, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673570/pregnancy-and-parental-leave-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#9
Eduardo Hariton, Benjamin Matthews, Abigail Burns, Chitra Akileswaran, Lori R Berkowitz
INTRODUCTION: The health and economic benefits of paid parental leave have been well documented. In 2016, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) released a policy statement on recommended parental leave for trainees, yet, data on adoption of said guidelines is nonexistent and published data on parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn is outdated. The objective of our study is to understand existing parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn training programs and to evaluate program director opinions on these policies and on parenting in residency...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657096/mother-father-and-child-traumatic-stress-reactions-after-paediatric-burn-within-family-co-occurrence-and-parent-child-discrepancies-in-appraisals-of-child-stress
#10
Marthe R Egberts, Rens van de Schoot, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E E Van Loey
AIM: The current study examined occurrence and within-family associations of traumatic stress reactions after child burn injury, while in the same model addressing the role of parents' own symptoms in their reports of child symptoms. METHODS: One-hundred children (8-18 years old), and their mothers (n=90) and fathers (n=74) were assessed within the first month (T1) and three months (T2) after burn. Parents and children rated child traumatic stress reactions on the Children's Responses to Trauma Inventory (CRTI) and parents rated their own reactions on the Impact of Event Scale (IES)...
April 12, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643795/ocular-injury-due-to-potassium-permanganate-granules
#11
Chareenun Chirapapaisan, Pinnita Prabhasawat, Sabong Srivannaboon, Vatookarn Roongpoovapatr, Piyada Chitsuthipakorn
Purpose: We report a rare case of ocular injury due to potassium permanganate (KMnO4 ) granules in a child. Methods: This is a retrospective case report. Results: A 2-year-old boy was transferred to our emergency room with severe pain in his right eye, inflamed eyelids, and brownish stains on his fingers. Chemical injury was suspected. Copious eye irrigation was immediately performed. Diffuse brownish splotches were then observed at the inferior bulbar conjunctiva...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615134/improving-outcomes-after-pediatric-cardiac-arrest-the-icu-resuscitation-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ron W Reeder, Alan Girling, Heather Wolfe, Richard Holubkov, Robert A Berg, Maryam Y Naim, Kathleen L Meert, Bradley Tilford, Joseph A Carcillo, Melinda Hamilton, Matthew Bochkoris, Mark Hall, Tensing Maa, Andrew R Yates, Anil Sapru, Robert Kelly, Myke Federman, J Michael Dean, Patrick S McQuillen, Deborah Franzon, Murray M Pollack, Ashley Siems, John Diddle, David L Wessel, Peter M Mourani, Carleen Zebuhr, Robert Bishop, Stuart Friess, Candice Burns, Shirley Viteri, David A Hehir, R Whitney Coleman, Tammara L Jenkins, Daniel A Notterman, Robert F Tamburro, Robert M Sutton
BACKGROUND: Quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with survival, but recommended guidelines are often not met, and less than half the children with an in-hospital arrest will survive to discharge. A single-center before-and-after study demonstrated that outcomes may be improved with a novel training program in which all pediatric intensive care unit staff are encouraged to participate in frequent CPR refresher training and regular, structured resuscitation debriefings focused on patient-centric physiology...
April 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605375/nasal-erosion-as-an-uncommon-sign-of-child-abuse
#13
Paige A Culotta, Reena Isaac, Kwabena Sarpong, Binoy Chandy, Andrea Cruz, Marcella Donaruma-Kwoh
While various forms of facial trauma, bruising, burns, and fractures are frequently seen in cases of child abuse, purposeful nasal erosion has rarely been identified as a form of abusive injury. Progressive destruction of nasal tissue in children provokes a wide differential diagnosis crossing multiple subspecialties: infectious, primary immunodeficiencies, inflammatory conditions, malignancy, and genetic disorders. Progressive nasal erosion also can be a manifestation of child abuse. The proposed mechanism is repetitive mechanical denudation of the soft tissue and cartilage resulting in chronic inflammation, bleeding, and ultimately destruction of the insulted tissue...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595705/treatment-of-partial-thickness-hand-burn-injuries-in-children-with-combination-of-silver-foam-dressing-and-zinc-hyaluronic-gel-case-reports
#14
Gergo Jozsa, Peter Vajda, Andras Garami, Alexandra Csenkey, Zsolt Juhasz
RATIONALE: Burns is a common type of traumatic injury in childhood. Nowadays, several wound dressings are available to treat the second-degree hand burns conservatively. PATIENT CONCERNS, DIAGNOSES: At the authors' institute, 37 children were treated conservatively with a special dressing at first intervention containing Aquacel Ag foam and Zn-hyaluronic gel to determine their effectiveness on partial thickness hand burns. INTERVENTIONS: The dressing was checked on the second day, and removed on the sixth or seventh day (unless it had spontaneously separated)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575882/evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-childhood-hospitalization-due-to-thermal-injuries-in-the-provincial-polyclinical-hospital-in-toru%C3%A5-poland-2007-2011
#15
Ewa Barczykowska, Małgorzata Cyran, Aneta Zreda-Pikies, Małgorzata Kowalczyk, Robert Ślusarz, Andrzej Kurylak
INTRODUCTION: Burns constitute the most common and severe injuries suffered in childhood. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at providing a retrospective analysis of the etiology, location, extent and depth of burns, as well as treatment methods and length of hospital stay. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 508 cases of children treated due to a thermal injury between 1 January 2007 31 December 2011 was conducted at the Department of Paediatrics, Urology and Paediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital, L...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564197/conservative-management-of-acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-seven-year-old-child
#16
Jessica Y Ng, Jennie Gu
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an uncommon disease in children and is usually associated with trauma, burns, and infections. Whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is only seen in 10% of cholecystitis in adults, it is uncommon in the paediatric population. A seven-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional hospital with a 36-hour history of right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain. He had associated symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. He was septic with raised white cell count and inflammatory markers...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501649/positive-parenting-behaviors-in-women-who-spontaneously-quit-smoking-during-pregnancy-clues-to-putative-targets-for-preventive-interventions
#17
Suena H Massey, Daniel K Mroczek, James L Burns, Caron A C Clark, Kimberly A Espy, Lauren S Wakschlag
BACKGROUND: While the majority of pregnant smokers do not respond to intervention, little is known about how a subset of pregnant smokers known as spontaneous quitters achieve sustained biologically-confirmed abstinence through delivery in the absence of intervention. We explore a developmental framework to address this question by viewing spontaneous quitting as an adaptive parenting behavior, facilitated by abilities necessary for sensitive parenting, or responsiveness. Utilizing existing data, we examined responsiveness from parenting assessments in women who exhibited a variety of smoking patterns during pregnancy, including spontaneous quitting...
March 6, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491717/projector-based-virtual-reality-dome-environment-for-procedural-pain-and-anxiety-in-young-children-with-burn-injuries-a-pilot-study
#18
Christelle Khadra, Ariane Ballard, Johanne Déry, David Paquin, Jean-Simon Fortin, Isabelle Perreault, David R Labbe, Hunter G Hoffman, Stéphane Bouchard, Sylvie LeMay
Background: Virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method to distract from pain during painful procedures. However, it was never tested in young children with burn injuries undergoing wound care. Aim: We aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the study process and the use of VR for procedural pain management. Methods: From June 2016 to January 2017, we recruited children from 2 months to 10 years of age with burn injuries requiring a hydrotherapy session in a pediatric university teaching hospital in Montreal...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489543/complex-intraoral-reconstruction-using-a-single-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap-and-supermicrosurgery-after-corrosive-ingestion-in-a-14-month-old-child
#19
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
May 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483935/breastfeeding-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Shu-Fei Yang, Yenna Salamonson, Elaine Burns, Virginia Schmied
Background: Breastfeeding support from health professionals can be effective in influencing a mother's decision to initiate and maintain breastfeeding. However, health professionals, including nursing students, do not always receive adequate breastfeeding education during their foundational education programme to effectively help mothers. In this paper, we report on a systematic review of the literature that aimed to describe nursing and other health professional students' knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding, and examine educational interventions designed to increase breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes amongst health professional students...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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