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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718941/child-understandings-of-the-causation-of-childhood-burn-injuries-child-activity-parental-domestic-demands-and-impoverished-settings
#1
N Titi, A van Niekerk, R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Burns are a global public health problem. In South Africa, the rate of paediatric burn deaths is 5 times higher than other upper middle-income countries, with concentrations in impoverished settings. Globally, the majority of research focuses on expert and caregiver descriptions of burn occurrence, causation, and prevention, with limited consideration of children's perspectives. This study investigated children's understanding of the causation and prevention of childhood burns...
July 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704900/examination-of-an-audiologist-s-response-to-patient-s-expression-of-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#2
Ashley L Dockens, Monica L Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns, Vinaya Manchaiah, Orlando Hinojosa
This pilot study explores audiologist-patient interactions during initial evaluations or consultations. In particular, an audiologist's response to patient symptoms is examined. Conversations between audiologist and patients were recorded using a digital recorder, which were transcribed, and analyzed using the Codes for Human Analysis of Transcripts and Child Language Analysis computer programs. Mean length of turn and frequency of utterances related to explicit discussion or description of symptoms or the patient's interpretation of symptoms was determined...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624354/school-reintegration-of-pediatric-burn-survivors-an-integrative-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Raquel Pan, Bruna Domingos Dos Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Lídia Aparecida Rossi, Rinie Geenen, Nancy E Van Loey
BACKGROUND: The school is an essential context for children's social interaction with peers and to develop academic skills. Therefore, a fast reintegration can help children with burns to normalize their life. Thus, school reintegration is an important outcome after burns. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature addressing school reintegration programs of pediatric burns survivors. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched independently by two reviewers...
June 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610795/perceived-fatigue-following-pediatric-burns
#4
Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Froukje Dijkstra, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Laurien M Disseldorp, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a common consequence of numerous pediatric health conditions. In adult burn survivors, fatigue was found to be a major problem. The current cross-sectional study is aimed at determining the levels of perceived fatigue in pediatric burn survivors. METHODS: Perceived fatigue was assessed in 23 children and adolescents (15 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-18 years, with burns covering 10-46% of the total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) using both child self- and parent proxy reports of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale...
June 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606747/hot-tea-and-tiny-tots-don-t-mix-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-hot-beverage-scalds
#5
J D Burgess, R M Kimble, K A Watt, C M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Hot beverage scalds are a leading cause of burns in young children. The aim of this study was to look at the circumstances surrounding these injuries in terms of setting, mechanism, supervision and first aid to inform a prevention campaign. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was delivered via iPad to parents and caregivers presenting with a child aged 0-36 months with a hot beverage scald at a major paediatric burns centre. RESULTS: Of the 101 children aged 0-36 months that presented with a hot beverage scald over a 12-month period, 54 participants were included...
June 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592934/new-dressing-combination-for-the-treatment-of-partial-thickness-burn-injuries-in-children
#6
G Józsa, E Tóth, Zs Juhász
Burns are among the most common causes of injury in children. Several wound dressings are available to conservatively treat second-degree burns. Seventy-three children were treated with Aquacel Ag foam and Zn-hyaluronon gel to determine their effectiveness on partial thickness burns. We applied silver nitrate solution on 25% of patients for 24 hrs, then checked burn depth. If the burn was superficial second degree, we applied the dressing under study. All dressings were removed 6-7 days later. In the remaining children we used Aquacel Ag foam dressing with Zn-hyaluronon gel at first intervention...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576249/pediatric-burn-care-unique-considerations-in-management
#7
REVIEW
Amita R Shah, Lillian F Liao
Severe pediatric burns require a multidisciplinary team approach at a specialized pediatric burn center. Special attention must be paid to estimations of total body surface area, fluid resuscitation and metabolic demands, and adequate analgesia and sedation. Long-term effects involve scar management and psychosocial support to the child and their family. Compassionate comprehensive burn care is accomplished by a multidisciplinary team offering healing in the acute setting and preparing the child and family for long-term treatment and care...
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574873/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dxa-measured-adiposity-age-5-19-years
#8
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 years). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17 & 19 years. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min/day), light-intensity PA (LPA; min/day), and SED (h/day)...
June 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555536/laryngeal-amyloidosis-diagnosis-pathophysiology-and-management
#9
N M Phillips, E Matthews, C Altmann, J Agnew, H Burns
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal amyloidosis represents approximately 1 per cent of all benign laryngeal lesions, and can cause variable symptoms depending on anatomical location and size. Treatment ranges from observation through to endoscopic microsurgery, laser excision and laryngectomy. OBJECTIVES: To highlight the diversity of presentations, increase awareness of paediatric amyloidosis and update the reader on current management. CASE SERIES: Five cases are illustrated...
July 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551557/on-the-road-to-recovery-gasoline-content-regulations-and-child-health
#10
Michelle Marcus
Gasoline content regulations are designed to curb pollution and improve health, but their impact on health has not been quantified. By exploiting both the timing of regulation and spatial variation in children's exposure to highways, I estimate the effect of gasoline content regulation on pollution and child health. The introduction of cleaner-burning gasoline in California in 1996 reduced asthma admissions by 8% in high exposure areas. Reductions are greatest for areas downwind from highways and heavy traffic areas...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551503/a-profile-of-child-branding-cases-in-kashmir-valley
#11
Arsalaan F Rashid, Kaiser Ahmed, Farida Noor
The article deals with child branding cases that were researched over a period of two years. Child branding practice is a common occurrence in the rural areas of the Kashmir valley where it is often practiced by faith healers [quacks] having no knowledge of underlying disease processes or the possible differentials of the same; leaving treatment protocols a distant possibility for the same. These illiterate so called healers possibly relieve the initial stigmata of the disease process that is pain by many procedures including burning the affected population with hot coals; embers; and various other pain inducing processes...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536038/a-review-of-the-evidence-for-threshold-of-burn-injury
#12
REVIEW
N A Martin, S Falder
INTRODUCTION: Burn injury is common and depth is one measure of severity. Although the depth of burn injury is determined by many factors, the relationship between the temperature of the injurious agent and exposure duration, known as the time-temperature relationship, is widely accepted as one of the cornerstones of burn research. Moritz and Henriques first proposed this relationship in 1947 and their seminal work has been cited extensively. However, over the years, readers have misinterpreted their findings and incorporated misleading information about the time-temperature relationship into a wide range of industrial standards, burn prevention literature and medicolegal opinion...
May 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#13
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494261/relationship-between-physical-performance-and-self-reported-function-in-healthy-individuals-across-the-lifespan
#14
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Functional outcome measures in clinical trials of musculoskeletal conditions need to be meaningful to individuals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between physical performance and self/proxy-reported function in 1000 healthy children and adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study (1000 Norms Project). METHODS: One thousand males and females aged 3-101 years, healthy by self-report and without major physical disability, were recruited...
May 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482821/understanding-coping-strategies-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period-a-qualitative-study-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-rural-uganda
#15
Scholastic Ashaba, Angela Kaida, Bridget Frances Burns, Kasey O'Neil, Emma Dunkley, Christina Psaros, Jasmine Kastner, Alexander C Tsai, David R Bangsberg, Lynn T Matthews
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, 58% of adults living with HIV are women. In Uganda, HIV prevalence is 8.3% for women compared to 6.1% for men. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programs have enabled women living with HIV (WLWH) to have children with minimal risk of perinatal transmission. Nevertheless, pregnant WLWH face many challenges. We explored women's perceptions of how they cope with the challenges of pregnancy and the postpartum period as HIV-infected women...
May 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473269/total-body-and-hand-surface-area-measurements-calculations-and-comparisons-in-ethnically-diverse-children-in-south-africa
#16
Sharon Cox, Keely Kriho, Storm De Klerk, Monique van Dijk, Heinz Rode
AIM: The aim was to investigate hand surface as a percentage of body surface area from infancy to 13 years of age using physical measurement and digital planimetry and establish the influence of age, gender, BMI for age and ethnicity, specifically in the South African population. A secondary aim included the development of a template for burn size measurement. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Demographic information was obtained from each participant...
May 1, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465653/predictors-of-hospitalization-among-children-on-art-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study
#17
Abraham Haileamlak, Tesfalem Hagos, Workeabeba Abebe, Loko Abraham, Henok Asefa, Alula M Teklu
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in the management of pediatric HIV infection in Ethiopia with the implementation of mother-to-child-prevention programs. Since the introduction of HAART in 2005, mortality among HIV-infected children has reduced while the rate of hospitalization was expected to rise. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to assess predictors of hospitalization in children on ART in seven university referral hospitals in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study design was employed on children age 0-18 years as part of a multisite observational study...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464958/behavioral-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Giancarlo Condello, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Chantal Simon, Donatella Ciarapica, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are a global concern and increasing PA engagement is becoming a priority in current public health policies. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the behavioral determinants of PA is still inconclusive. Thus, the aim of this umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) was to summarize the evidence on the behavioral determinants of PA across the life course. METHODS: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459866/psychosocial-challenges-facing-women-living-with-hiv-during-the-perinatal-period-in-rural-uganda
#19
Scholastic Ashaba, Angela Kaida, Jessica N Coleman, Bridget F Burns, Emma Dunkley, Kasey O'Neil, Jasmine Kastner, Naomi Sanyu, Cecilia Akatukwasa, David R Bangsberg, Lynn T Matthews, Christina Psaros
The complexities of navigating pregnancy while living with HIV predispose women to additional stress. Finding ways to minimize psychosocial challenges during the perinatal period may maximize the well-being of mothers living with HIV and their children. The goal of this study was to explore psychosocial challenges experienced by women living with HIV (WLWH) during pregnancy and the postpartum. We conducted individual in-depth interviews with 20 WLWH recruited from an HIV treatment cohort study in Mbarara, Uganda as part of a larger study exploring perinatal depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458987/migration-of-aluminum-from-food-contact-materials-to-food-a-health-risk-for-consumers-part-iii-of-iii-migration-of-aluminum-to-food-from-camping-dishes-and-utensils-made-of-aluminum
#20
Thorsten Stahl, Sandy Falk, Alice Rohrbeck, Sebastian Georgii, Christin Herzog, Alexander Wiegand, Svenja Hotz, Bruce Boschek, Holger Zorn, Hubertus Brunn
BACKGROUND: When cooking on a barbecue grill, consumers often use aluminum grill pans. For one, the pan catches the fats and oils that would drip into the embers causing the formation of potentially noxious smoke, and the pan also protects the food from being burned by direct heat from the coals. In addition, new aluminum products for use in ovens and grills are becoming increasingly popular. Due to their light weight and excellent heat transfer camping, utensils made of aluminum are, for example, often used by fishermen and mountain climbers...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
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