keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatric symptoms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910097/chronic-migraine-an-update-on-physiology-imaging-and-the-mechanism-of-action-of-two-available-pharmacologic-therapies
#1
Sheena K Aurora, Mitchell F Brin
Several lines of research support the hypothesis that migraine is a spectrum of illness, with clinical symptoms that vary along a continuum from episodic migraine to chronic migraine. Physiologic changes may result in episodic migraine evolving into chronic migraine over months to years in susceptible individuals. With chronification, headache frequency increases, becoming more disabling and less responsive to therapy. Neurophysiologic and functional imaging research has reported that chronic migraine may be associated with severity-specific metabolic, functional, and structural abnormalities in the brainstem...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909591/mobbing-exposure-of-anaesthesiology-residents-in-turkey
#2
Gülnihal Aykut, Esra Mercanoğlu Efe, Selcan Bayraktar, Sinem Şentürk, İrem Başeğmez, Özlem Özkumit, Elmas Kabak, Belgin Yavaşçaoğlu, Hülya Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, psychological problems that are caused by working conditions, like burn out syndrome, are more commonly observed. In our study, we aimed to evaluate mobbing exposure, factors causing mobbing and precautions for mobbing in residency students who are educated in anaesthesiology and reanimation clinics in Turkey. METHODS: After obtaining consent from the ethics committee, we sent our questionnaires to the secretariats of the departments by postal mail...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908491/clinical-outcomes-of-botox-injections-for-chronic-temporomandibular-disorders-do-we-understand-how-botox-works-on-muscle-pain-and-the-brain
#4
S T Connelly, J Myung, R Gupta, G M Tartaglia, A Gizdulich, J Yang, R Silva
The main objective of this retrospective review was to analyze the clinical outcomes following the use of botulinum toxin (onabotulinumtoxinA, Botox) injections to relieve the symptoms of chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Seventy-one patients with a diagnosis of TMD (according to the RDC/TMD international consortium) associated with or without bruxism and refractory to conventional treatment (e.g. oral appliances, physiotherapy, etc.) received Botox injections into the temporalis and masseter muscles...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906088/folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-its-interaction-with-early-life-stress-a-case-report
#5
Alessandra Vargas Alves Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Talita Strano, Gilberto Pascolat, Gustavo Manoel Schier Doria, Mauricio Nasser Ehlke
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a very rare psychiatric syndrome in which a psychotic symptom is transmitted from one individual to another. We present a case of folie à deux occurring during childhood, which is not an usual presentation of this syndrome. In this case, the disorder is correlated with child abuse and neglect, which possibly had a role in the development of the symptoms in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of folie à deux between an "induced" 9-year-old black Brazilian boy and the "inducer", his grandmother...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905944/methods-of-applying-the-1994-case-definition-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-impact-on-classification-and-observed-illness-characteristics
#6
E R Unger, J-M S Lin, H Tian, B M Gurbaxani, R S Boneva, J F Jones
BACKGROUND: Multiple case definitions are in use to identify chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Even when using the same definition, methods used to apply definitional criteria may affect results. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted two population-based studies estimating CFS prevalence using the 1994 case definition; one relied on direct questions for criteria of fatigue, functional impairment and symptoms (1997 Wichita; Method 1), and the other used subscale score thresholds of standardized questionnaires for criteria (2004 Georgia; Method 2)...
March 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903282/start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#8
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902542/impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-the-community-based-pediatric-treatment-and-outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Nour Al Ghriwati, Joshua M Langberg, William Gardner, James Peugh, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, Phil Lichtenstein, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit psychiatric comorbidities, which may impact illness presentation, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. Guidelines exist for dealing with these complex cases but little is known about how comorbidities are being handled in community pediatric settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how mental health comorbidities affect community physicians' ADHD care practices and patients' symptom trajectories...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901515/neurocognitive-and-clinical-correlates-of-gambling-behavior-based-on-mode-of-gambling
#10
Eric W Leppink, Austin W Blum, Samuel Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling opportunities have expanded greatly in recent years, with ever-increasing availability via the internet as well as land-based options (eg, casinos). Although some research suggests that internet gamblers have higher rates of disordered gambling than land-based only gamblers, the clinical and cognitive importance of these findings is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 542 young adults (age 18 to 29) and compared land- based only (n = 385 [70.8%]) and mixed internet/land-based gamblers (LBGs) (n = 157 [28...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901303/diagnostic-masking-and-overshadowing-in-intellectual-disability-how-structured-evaluation-helps
#11
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Anandbabu Arun
PROBLEM: Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses tend to be underdiagnosed in patients with intellectual disability. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in such patients can pose challenges, in particular with regard to obsessive and compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: We present the case of an adolescent diagnosed with intellectual disability with poor expressive language skills who presented with nonspecific mood and behavioral symptoms, not improving with routine clinical evaluations and treatment...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900651/explanatory-models-of-illness-help-seeking-behaviours-and-related-factors-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-comparative-study-from-two-different-provinces-of-turkey
#12
Hayriye Dilek Yalvaç, Elif Aktan Mutlu, Zeynep Kotan, İbrahim Özer, Ersin Hatice Karslıoğlu, Ali Çayköylü
This study aims to identify the help seeking behaviours of patients from two geographically distinct provinces of Turkey. A questionnaire about sociodemographic characteristics and help seeking ways was applied to 49 schizophrenia patients from Van, 99 from Ankara. The ratio of patients seeking psychiatric help at the beginning of their illness was 76% in Ankara, the capital city, in contrast to 54% in Van (p = 0.01). Twenty-two percent of patients from Ankara and 69% from Van reported that non-psychiatric help seeking was the choice of their families (p < 0...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900437/bdnf-and-ltp-ltd-like-plasticity-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-in-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#13
L Marsili, A Suppa, F Di Stasio, D Belvisi, N Upadhyay, I Berardelli, M Pasquini, S Petrucci, M Ginevrino, G Fabbrini, F Cardona, G Defazio, A Berardelli
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is characterized by motor and vocal tics and often associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Responses to intermittent/continuous theta-burst stimulation (iTBS/cTBS), which probe long-term potentiation (LTP)-/depression (LTD)-like plasticity in the primary motor cortex (M1), are reduced in GTS. ITBS-/cTBS-induced M1 plasticity can be affected by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) polymorphism. We investigated whether the BDNF polymorphism influences iTBS-/cTBS-induced LTP-/LTD-like M1 plasticity in 50 GTS patients and in 50 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects...
November 30, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898373/thwarted-belongingness-as-an-explanatory-link-between-insomnia-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-findings-from-three-samples-of-military-service-members-and-veterans
#14
Melanie A Hom, Carol Chu, Matthew E Schneider, Ingrid C Lim, Jameson K Hirsch, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Although insomnia has been identified as a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and behaviors, little is known about the mechanisms by which sleep disturbances confer risk for suicide. We investigated thwarted belongingness as an explanatory link between insomnia symptoms and suicidal ideation across three military service member and veteran samples. METHODS: Data were collected among United States military service members and veterans (N1=937, N2=3,386, N3=417) who completed self-report measures of insomnia symptoms, thwarted belongingness, suicidal ideation, and related psychiatric symptoms (e...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898158/multivariate-assessment-of-subjective-and-objective-measures-of-social-and-family-satisfaction-in-veterans-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Henry J Orff, Chelsea C Hays, Elizabeth W Twamley
Approximately 20% of current-era Veterans have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can result in persistent postconcussive symptoms. These symptoms may disrupt family and social functioning. We explored psychiatric, postconcussive, and cognitive factors as correlates of objective functioning and subjective satisfaction in family and social relationships. At entry into a supported employment study, 50 unemployed Veterans with a history of mild to moderate TBI and current cognitive impairment were administered baseline assessments...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898153/postconcussive-symptom-overreporting-in-iraq-afghanistan-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Sarah M Jurick, Elizabeth W Twamley, Laura D Crocker, Chelsea C Hays, Henry J Orff, Shahrokh Golshan, Amy J Jak
A comprehensive evaluation, including the assessment of neurobehavioral symptoms, has been instituted at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system to address the large number of Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans returning with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs). The Validity-10 is measure of symptom overreporting embedded within the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory, a component of the comprehensive evaluation that assesses postconcussive symptom severity...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898072/elevated-brain-lactate-in-schizophrenia-a-7%C3%A2-t-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#17
L M Rowland, S Pradhan, S Korenic, S A Wijtenburg, L E Hong, R A Edden, P B Barker
Various lines of evidence suggest that brain bioenergetics and mitochondrial function may be altered in schizophrenia. On the basis of prior phosphorus-31 ((31)P)-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), post-mortem and preclinical studies, this study was designed to test the hypothesis that abnormal glycolysis leads to elevated lactate concentrations in subjects with schizophrenia. The high sensitivity of 7 Tesla proton ((1)H)-MRS was used to measure brain lactate levels in vivo. Twenty-nine controls and 27 participants with schizophrenia completed the study...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897965/factors-associated-with-substance-use-in-older-homeless-adults-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#18
Matthew A Spinelli, Claudia Ponath, Lina Tieu, Emily E Hurstak, David Guzman, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: The median age of the single adult homeless population is 50 and rising. While the prevalence of substance use decreases as individuals age, older adults now have a higher prevalence of substance use than older adults did ten years ago. Homeless individuals have a higher prevalence of substance use disorders than the general population. However, little is known about substance use in older homeless adults. METHODS: We examined prevalence of and factors associated with substance use in a population-based sample (n = 350) of homeless individuals aged 50 and older in Oakland, CA...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897326/exploring-the-effectiveness-of-combined-mentalization-based-group-therapy-and-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-inpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-pilot-study
#19
Marc-Andreas Edel, Vanessa Raaff, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Anna Buchheim, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by emotional instability, interpersonal dysfunction, and other features that typically develop before a background of insecure attachment and traumatic experiences. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) has proven highly effective in reducing self-harm and improving emotion regulation, whereby problems concerning social cognition, which are also characteristic of BPD, may need additional approaches such as mentalization-based treatment (MBT)...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#20
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
116588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"