keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatric symptoms

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109991/clinical-characteristics-treatments-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-systematic-review-of-reported-cases
#1
REVIEW
Le Zhang, Meng-Qian Wu, Zi-Long Hao, Siew Mun Vance Chiang, Kun Shuang, Min-Tao Lin, Xiao-Sa Chi, Jia-Jia Fang, Dong Zhou, Jin-Mei Li
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a recently recognized autoimmune disorder which is responsive to immunotherapy. However, the outcomes of different immunotherapies have not been defined and there have been few studies that carried out a comparison among them. To provide an overview of the clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of anti-NMDAR encephalitis, we systematically reviewed the literature in the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wan-fang databases...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109983/the-clinical-and-neurobehavioral-course-of-down-syndrome-and-dementia-with-or-without-new-onset-epilepsy
#2
Taha Gholipour, Sara Mitchell, Rani A Sarkis, Zeina Chemali
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with Down syndrome (DS) are at higher risk of developing Alzheimer-type dementia and epilepsy. The relationship between developing dementia and the risk of developing seizures in DS is poorly characterized to date. In addition, treatment response and medication tolerability have not been rigorously studied. METHODS: We identified 220 patients with a diagnosis of DS and dementia. Those without a history of developing seizures (DD) were compared to patients with new-onset seizures (DD+S) after the age of 35...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109647/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Matthew J Cordova, Michelle B Riba, David Spiegel
Being diagnosed with and treated for cancer is highly stressful and potentially traumatic. An extensive literature has evaluated the prevalence, predictors, and correlates of cancer-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnoses. In this qualitative review of cancer-related PTSD literature, we highlight conceptual, methodological, and diagnostic issues, and identify clinical implications and areas for future research. Cancer-related PTSD has been documented in a minority of patients with cancer and their family members, is positively associated with other indices of distress and reduced quality of life, and has several correlates and risk factors (eg, prior trauma history, pre-existing psychiatric conditions, poor social support)...
January 18, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109311/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#4
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
January 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109169/maternal-psychiatric-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-childhood-atopic-diseases
#5
Niels J Elbert, Liesbeth Duijts, Herman T den Dekker, Nicolette W de Jong, Tamar E C Nijsten, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan C de Jongste, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Henning Tiemeier, Suzanne G M A Pasmans
BACKGROUND: Maternal psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy might affect the developing immune system and subsequent risk of childhood atopic diseases. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the associations of maternal psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy with allergic sensitization, allergy and eczema in children until age 10 years. METHODS: This study among 5,205 children was performed in a population-based prospective cohort from fetal life onwards...
January 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108057/bani-polymorphism-of-cytosolic-phospholipase-a2-gene-and-somatic-symptoms-in-medication-free-acute-depressed-patients
#6
Jane Pei-Chen Chang, Ta-Wei Guu, Yi-Chih Chen, Piotr Gałecki, Anna Walczewska, Kuan-Pin Su
Somatic symptoms are commonly seen in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and might be associated with inflammatory activation. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) are the key enzymes in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which in turn may play an important role in inflammation and somatic symptoms in depression. This study investigated the effects of BanI polymorphism of cPLA2 gene and COX-2 rs4648308 genotypes on somatic symptoms and inflammatory marker in patients with MDD...
January 4, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107899/childhood-trauma-perpetrated-by-close-others-psychiatric-dysfunction-and-urological-symptoms-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#7
Chui-De Chiu, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Hoi Lam Ho, Huei-Ching Wu
BACKGROUND: A psychosocial phenotype of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), a urogenital condition without known organic causes, was proposed. While psychosocial variables, including interpersonal maltreatment and negative affect, were studied in association with IC/BPS, the specificities of the relationships between childhood trauma by close others, psychiatric dysfunctions (negative affect and post-traumatic psychopathology), and urogenital symptoms have not been established...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#8
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104564/evidence-that-communication-impairment-in-schizophrenia-is-associated-with-generalized-poor-task-performance
#9
Anne M Merrill, Nicole R Karcher, David C Cicero, Theresa M Becker, Anna R Docherty, John G Kerns
People with schizophrenia exhibit wide-ranging cognitive deficits, including slower processing speed and decreased cognitive control. Disorganized speech symptoms, such as communication impairment, have been associated with poor cognitive control task performance (e.g., goal maintenance and working memory). Whether communication impairment is associated with poorer performance on a broader range of non-cognitive control measures is unclear. In the current study, people with schizophrenia (n =51) and non-psychiatric controls (n =26) completed speech interviews allowing for reliable quantitative assessment of communication impairment...
January 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104232/dopamine-agonist-withdrawal-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Xin Xin Yu, Hubert H Fernandez
Dopamine agonists are effective and widely used treatments for Parkinson disease (PD). However, patients on dopamine agonists may experience significant side effects which necessitate dose tapering or discontinuation. Dopamine agonist withdrawal syndrome (DAWS) is a complication that affects up to 19% of PD patients who undergo a dopamine agonist taper. It was initially described in 2010 as a severe stereotypical cluster of psychiatric and physical symptoms occurring with dopamine agonist withdrawal. Identified risk factors for DAWS include impulse control behavior disorders (ICD) and higher dopamine agonist dosage...
January 2, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104067/the-effectiveness-of-the-nanta-program-on-psychiatric-symptoms-interpersonal-relationships-and-quality-of-life-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Gang-Sook Jeon, Moonhee Gang, Kyongok Oh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Nanta-program on psychiatric symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life (QoL) in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia (SPR). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group and pre-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 38 forensic inpatients with SPR from South Korea (experimental group=18, control group=20). The intervention was conducted in 12 sessions over 12 weeks, taking 90 min per session...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104065/borderline-personality-disorder-psychological-treatment-an-integrative-review
#12
Beverly Reeves-Dudley
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a complex and at times debilitating mental disorder, treatment of which has eluded effective pharmacotherapy (Gunderson, 2007). Although once considered untreatable, psychodynamic therapy and cognitive therapy (two types of psychological therapies) have provided hope for better lives for patients with this diagnosis (Gunderson). The author performed an integrative review of the literature pertaining to the present role of evidence-based practice (EBP) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) definition of BPD to identify symptoms of the disorder...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103841/a-two-site-two-arm-34-week-double-blind-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial-of-reduced-nicotine-cigarettes-in-smokers-with-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders-trial-design-and-protocol
#13
Sophia I Allen, Jonathan Foulds, Gladys N Pachas, Susan Veldheer, Corinne Cather, Nour Azzouz, Shari Hrabovsky, Ahmad Hameed, Jessica Yingst, Erin Hammett, Jennifer Modesto, Nicolle M Krebs, Junjia Zhu, Jason Liao, Joshua E Muscat, John Richie, A Eden Evins
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration can set standards for cigarettes that could include reducing their nicotine content. Such a standard should improve public health without causing unintended serious consequences for sub-populations. This study evaluates the effect of progressive nicotine reduction in cigarettes on smoking behavior, toxicant exposure, and psychiatric symptoms in smokers with comorbid mood and/or anxiety disorders using a two-site, two-arm, double-blind, parallel group, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in four phases over 34 weeks...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103527/distinct-cortico-striatal-connections-with-subthalamic-nucleus-underlie-facets-of-compulsivity
#14
Laurel S Morris, Kwangyeol Baek, Valerie Voon
The capacity to flexibly respond to contextual changes is crucial to adapting to a dynamic environment. Compulsivity, or behavioural inflexibility, consists of heterogeneous subtypes with overlapping yet discrete neural substrates. The subthalamic nucleus (STN) mediates the switch from automatic to controlled processing to slow, break or stop behaviour when necessary. Rodent STN lesions or inactivation are linked with perseveration or repetitive, compulsive responding. However, there are few studies examining the role of latent STN-centric neural networks and compulsive behaviour in healthy individuals...
December 29, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103153/agreeableness-and-pregnancy-relations-with-coping-and-psychiatric-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-on-spanish-pregnant-women
#15
Cecilia Peñacoba, Laura Rodriguez, Javier Carmona, Dolores Marin
Agreeableness is associated with good mental health during pregnancy. Although different studies have indicated that agreeableness is related to adaptive coping, this relation has scarcely been studied in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible differences between high and low agreeableness in relation to coping strategies and psychiatric symptoms in pregnant women. We conducted a longitudinal prospective study between October 2009 and January 2013. Pregnant women (n = 285) were assessed in the first trimester of pregnancy, and 122 of them during the third...
January 19, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#16
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102573/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a%C3%A2-critical-review-of-pharmacologic-treatments
#17
REVIEW
Ismene L Petrakis, Tracy L Simpson
Treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) is complicated by the presence of psychiatric comorbidity including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is a critical review of the literature to date on pharmacotherapy treatments of AUD and PTSD. A systematic literature search using PubMed MESH terms for alcohol and substance use disorders, PTSD, and treatment was undertaken to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The studies were independently evaluated (ILP and TLS) and those that evaluated the efficacy of a pharmacotherapy for individuals diagnosed with AUD and PTSD and were RCTs were selected...
January 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#18
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101360/successful-treatment-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-with-a-prompt-ovarian-tumour-removal-and-prolonged-course-of-plasmapheresis-a-case-report
#19
Elzbieta Rypulak, Michal Borys, Pawel Piwowarczyk, Magdalena Fijalkowska, Beata Potrec, Justyna Sysiak, Janusz Spustek, Alicja Bartkowska-Sniatkowska, Jan Kotarski, Waldemar A Turski, Konrad Rejdak, Miroslaw Czuczwar
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an uncommon autoimmune disorder with a wide spectrum of neuropsychiatric symptoms. There is a great requirement to emphasize the importance of a multidisciplinary team approach in the process of diagnosis and treatment of the potentially fatal condition, including psychiatrists, neurologists, gynaecologists and intensivists. Physicians must be aware that psychiatric and neurological disorders, which are typical features for NMDAR encephalitis in young women with ovarian tumours, may progress into status epilepticus and respiratory insufficiency...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101318/prevalence-and-correlates-of-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-among-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-attending-a-tertiary-psychiatric-facility-in-nigeria
#20
Nosa Godwin Igbinomwanhia, Sunday Osasu Olotu, Bawo Onesirosan James
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) among outpatients with schizophrenia attending a tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 250 patients with schizophrenia attending the outpatient clinic of a regional tertiary psychiatric facility in Nigeria was undertaken. They were administered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale and the Liverpool University Side Effects Rating Scale (LUNSERS)...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
116588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"