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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207675/acculturation-and-self-management-perceptions-among-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Julie Plasencia, Sharon Hoerr, Marsha Carolan, Lorraine Weatherspoon
Because type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is disproportionately high among Mexican Americans in the United States, this study examined how acculturation influences T2DM self-management, a critical component for disease outcome. Qualitative interviews of 24 low-income Mexican American patients with T2DM were matched to their biomedical and dietary data and degree of acculturation. Greater acculturation to the United States was associated with less favorable diabetes control, fiber density, leisure-time physical activity, and more physical disability...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165394/socio-demographic-determinants-of-diet-quality-in-australian-adults-using-the-validated-healthy-eating-index-for-australian-adults-heifa-2013
#2
Amanda Grech, Zhixian Sui, Hong Ying Siu, Miaobing Zheng, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Anna Rangan
Diet quality indices have been shown to predict cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 Diabetes, obesity and all-cause mortality. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographics of Australian adults with poor diet quality. Diet quality was assessed for participants of the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey aged 18 years or above (n = 9435), with the validated 11-component Healthy Eating Index for Australians (HEIFA-2013), based on the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Differences in scores by demographics (ANOVA) and regression models for associations between the HEIFA-2013 score and demographic characteristics were conducted...
February 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161306/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-to-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-improve-pregnancy-outcome-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#3
Chen Wang, Yumei Wei, Xiaoming Zhang, Yue Zhang, Qianqian Xu, Yiying Sun, Shiping Su, Li Zhang, Chunhong Liu, Yaru Feng, Chong Shou, Kym J Guelfi, John P Newnham, Huixia Yang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and being overweight are becoming epidemic, and indeed, the proportion of such women of reproductive age has increased in recent times. Being overweight or obese prior to pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their offspring. Furthermore, the combination of GDM with obesity/overweight status may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome attributable to either factor alone...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150347/trends-in-dietary-intake-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-nhanes-1988-2012
#4
S S Casagrande, C C Cowie
BACKGROUND: Dietary recommendations for adults with diabetes are to follow a healthy diet in appropriate portion sizes. We determined recent trends in energy and nutrient intakes among a nationally representative sample of US adults with and without type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants were adults aged ≥20 years from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1988-2012 (N = 49 770). Diabetes was determined by self-report of a physician's diagnosis (n = 4885)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149311/stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-noncompliance-with-treatment-regimens-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension
#5
Hamidreza Roohafza, Ali Kabir, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Pedram Shokouh, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl, Ali Akbar Khadem-Maboudi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: We have assessed the role of stress on compliance of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) with taking prescribed medications and following dietary and exercise regimens. METHODS: A total of 9544 individuals more than 19 years of age were selected from three counties in central Iran. The presence of DM and HTN were asked from participants. We defined treatment adherence (compliance) based on agreement of individual's self-report behavior with recommendations from a physician...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137255/the-norwegian-dietary-guidelines-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-crc-nordiet-study-a-food-based-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Hege Berg Henriksen, Hanna Ræder, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Ingvild Paur, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Siv Åshild Billington, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Gro Wiedsvang, Iris Erlund, Arne Færden, Marit Bragelien Veierød, Manuela Zucknick, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer survivors are not only at risk for recurrent disease but also at increased risk of comorbidities such as other cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and functional decline. In this trial, we aim at investigating whether a diet in accordance with the Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines and focusing at dampening inflammation and oxidative stress will improve long-term disease outcomes and survival in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS/DESIGN: This paper presents the study protocol of the Norwegian Dietary Guidelines and Colorectal Cancer Survival study...
January 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135185/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-u-s-adults-2011-2014
#7
Asher Rosinger, Kirsten Herrick, Jaime Gahche, Sohyun Park
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey •Approximately one-half of U.S. adults consumed at least one sugar-sweetened beverage on a given day. •Men consumed an average 179 kilocalories (kcal) from sugar-sweetened beverages, which contributed 6.9% of total daily caloric intake. Women consumed an average 113 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, which contributed 6.1% of total caloric intake. •Young adults had the highest mean intake and percentage of daily calories from sugar-sweetened beverages relative to older adults...
January 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135184/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-u-s-youth-2011-2014
#8
Asher Rosinger, Kirsten Herrick, Jaime Gahche, Sohyun Park
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey •Almost two-thirds of boys and girls consumed at least one sugar-sweetened beverage on a given day. •Boys consumed an average 164 kilocalories (kcal) from sugar-sweetened beverages, which contributed 7.3% of total daily caloric intake. Girls consumed an average 121 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, which contributed 7.2% of total daily caloric intake. •Among both boys and girls, older youth had the highest mean intake and percentage of daily calories from sugar-sweetened beverages relative to younger children...
January 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106738/6-paradol-and-6-shogaol-the-pungent-compounds-of-ginger-promote-glucose-utilization-in-adipocytes-and-myotubes-and-6-paradol-reduces-blood-glucose-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#9
Chien-Kei Wei, Yi-Hong Tsai, Michal Korinek, Pei-Hsuan Hung, Mohamed El-Shazly, Yuan-Bin Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Tusty-Jiuan Hsieh, Fang-Rong Chang
The anti-diabetic activity of ginger powder (Zingiber officinale) has been recently promoted, with the recommendation to be included as one of the dietary supplements for diabetic patients. However, previous studies presented different results, which may be caused by degradation and metabolic changes of ginger components, gingerols, shogaols and paradols. Therefore, we prepared 10 ginger active components, namely 6-, 8-, 10-paradols, 6-, 8-, 10-shogaols, 6-, 8-, 10-gingerols and zingerone, and evaluated their anti-hyperglycemic activity...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092151/issues-in-nutrition-carbohydrates
#10
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and dietary fibers. Resistant starches resemble fiber in their behavior in the intestinal tract, and may have positive effects on blood glucose levels and the gut microbiome. Fibers are classified as soluble and insoluble, but most fiber-containing foods contain a mixture of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber has been shown to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Many artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes are available. Most natural sources of sweeteners also are energy sources...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075092/diabetes-mellitus-management-of-gastrointestinal-complications
#11
Beth Careyva, Brian Stello
Gastrointestinal disorders are common complications of diabetes mellitus and include gastroparesis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of gastroparesis include early satiety, postprandial fullness, nausea, vomiting of undigested food, bloating, and abdominal pain. Gastroparesis is diagnosed based on clinical symptoms and a delay in gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Gastric emptying scintigraphy is the preferred diagnostic test...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#12
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065543/mitigating-dietary-arsenic-exposure-current-status-in-the-united-states-and-recommendations-for-an-improved-path-forward
#13
Keeve E Nachman, Gary L Ginsberg, Mark D Miller, Carolyn J Murray, Anne E Nigra, Claire B Pendergrast
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a well-characterized carcinogen, and recent epidemiologic studies have linked chronic exposures to non-cancer health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, skin lesions and respiratory disorders. Greater vulnerability has been demonstrated with early life exposure for health effects including lung and bladder cancer, immunotoxicity and neurodevelopment. Despite its well-known toxicity, there are important gaps in the regulatory oversight of iAs in food and in risk communication...
March 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065514/review-of-childhood-obesity-from-epidemiology-etiology-and-comorbidities-to-clinical-assessment-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Seema Kumar, Aaron S Kelly
Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065493/dietary-protein-sources-and-risk-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#15
Bernhard Haring, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Lyn M Steffen, Casey M Rebholz
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein restriction is recommended for patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency. Long-term data on the relationship between dietary protein sources and risk for incident kidney disease in individuals with normal kidney function are largely missing. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary protein sources and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants from 4 US communities...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045992/self-care-practices-among-diabetes-patients-in-addis-ababa-a-qualitative-study
#16
Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices that include self-monitoring of blood sugar level, diet management, physical exercise, adherence to medications, and foot care are the cornerstones of diabetes management. However, very little is known about self-care in developing countries where the prevalence of diabetes is increasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe self-care practices among individuals with type II diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative method was used to gather data from type II diabetes patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045172/the-kinetics-and-mechanism-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibition-by-f5-sp-a-novel-compound-derived-from-sericin-peptides
#17
Yuwen Fang, Shaoyun Wang, Jinhong Wu, Li Zhang, Zhengwu Wang, Li Gan, Jiajun He, Haiming Shi, Jingli Hou
The inhibition of α-glucosidase decreases postprandial blood glucose and therefore plays an important role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present study investigated and characterized a peptide fraction of sericin hydrolysate, the kinetics of peptide-induced inhibition of α-glucosidase, and the interaction mechanism between the peptides and α-glucosidase. The fraction that eluted with 0.4 M NaCl (F5-SPs) on a DEAE-cellulose column exhibited significant inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 41 ± 1...
January 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999302/the-effect-of-using-mobile-technology-based-methods-that-record-food-or-nutrient-intake-on-diabetes-control-and-nutrition-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Judi Porter, Catherine E Huggins, Helen Truby, Jorja Collins
(1) Background: Mobile technologies may be utilised for dietary intake assessment for people with diabetes. The published literature was systematically reviewed to determine the effect of using mobile electronic devices to record food or nutrient intake on diabetes control and nutrition outcomes; (2) Methods: The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO: registration number CRD42016050079, and followed PRISMA guidelines. Original research of mobile electronic devices where food or nutrient intake was recorded in people with diabetes with any treatment regimen, and where this intervention was compared with usual care or alternative treatment models, was considered...
December 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997546/the-eatwell-guide-modelling-the-health-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#19
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVE: To model population health impacts of dietary changes associated with the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (the 'Eatwell Guide'). METHOD: Using multi-state lifetable methods, we modelled the impact of dietary changes on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers over the lifetime of the current UK population. From this model, we determined change in life expectancy and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) that could be averted...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974597/what-is-the-appropriate-upper-limit-for-added-sugars-consumption
#20
James M Rippe, John L Sievenpiper, Kim-Anne Lê, John S White, Roger Clemens, Theodore J Angelopoulos
Dramatic increases in obesity and diabetes have occurred worldwide over the past 30 years. Some investigators have suggested that these increases may be due, in part, to increased added sugars consumption. Several scientific organizations, including the World Health Organization, the Scientific Advisory Council on Nutrition, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee 2015, and the American Heart Association, have recommended significant restrictions on upper limits of sugars consumption. In this review, the scientific evidence related to sugars consumption and its putative link to various chronic conditions such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and the metabolic syndrome is examined...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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