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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075092/diabetes-mellitus-management-of-gastrointestinal-complications
#1
Beth Careyva, Brian Stello
Gastrointestinal disorders are common complications of diabetes mellitus and include gastroparesis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of gastroparesis include early satiety, postprandial fullness, nausea, vomiting of undigested food, bloating, and abdominal pain. Gastroparesis is diagnosed based on clinical symptoms and a delay in gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Gastric emptying scintigraphy is the preferred diagnostic test...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#2
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065543/mitigating-dietary-arsenic-exposure-current-status-in-the-united-states-and-recommendations-for-an-improved-path-forward
#3
Keeve E Nachman, Gary L Ginsberg, Mark D Miller, Carolyn J Murray, Anne E Nigra, Claire B Pendergrast
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a well-characterized carcinogen, and recent epidemiologic studies have linked chronic exposures to non-cancer health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, skin lesions and respiratory disorders. Greater vulnerability has been demonstrated with early life exposure for health effects including lung and bladder cancer, immunotoxicity and neurodevelopment. Despite its well-known toxicity, there are important gaps in the regulatory oversight of iAs in food and in risk communication...
January 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065514/review-of-childhood-obesity-from-epidemiology-etiology-and-comorbidities-to-clinical-assessment-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Seema Kumar, Aaron S Kelly
Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065493/dietary-protein-sources-and-risk-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#5
Bernhard Haring, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Lyn M Steffen, Casey M Rebholz
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein restriction is recommended for patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency. Long-term data on the relationship between dietary protein sources and risk for incident kidney disease in individuals with normal kidney function are largely missing. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary protein sources and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants from 4 US communities...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045992/self-care-practices-among-diabetes-patients-in-addis-ababa-a-qualitative-study
#6
Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices that include self-monitoring of blood sugar level, diet management, physical exercise, adherence to medications, and foot care are the cornerstones of diabetes management. However, very little is known about self-care in developing countries where the prevalence of diabetes is increasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe self-care practices among individuals with type II diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative method was used to gather data from type II diabetes patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045172/the-kinetics-and-mechanism-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibition-by-f5-sp-a-novel-compound-derived-from-sericin-peptides
#7
Yuwen Fang, Shaoyun Wang, Jinhong Wu, Li Zhang, Zhengwu Wang, Li Gan, Jiajun He, Haiming Shi, Jingli Hou
The inhibition of α-glucosidase decreases postprandial blood glucose and therefore plays an important role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present study investigated and characterized a peptide fraction of sericin hydrolysate, the kinetics of peptide-induced inhibition of α-glucosidase, and the interaction mechanism between the peptides and α-glucosidase. The fraction that eluted with 0.4 M NaCl (F5-SPs) on a DEAE-cellulose column exhibited significant inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 41 ± 1...
January 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999302/the-effect-of-using-mobile-technology-based-methods-that-record-food-or-nutrient-intake-on-diabetes-control-and-nutrition-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Judi Porter, Catherine E Huggins, Helen Truby, Jorja Collins
(1) Background: Mobile technologies may be utilised for dietary intake assessment for people with diabetes. The published literature was systematically reviewed to determine the effect of using mobile electronic devices to record food or nutrient intake on diabetes control and nutrition outcomes; (2) Methods: The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO: registration number CRD42016050079, and followed PRISMA guidelines. Original research of mobile electronic devices where food or nutrient intake was recorded in people with diabetes with any treatment regimen, and where this intervention was compared with usual care or alternative treatment models, was considered...
December 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997546/the-eatwell-guide-modelling-the-health-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#9
Linda J Cobiac, Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVE: To model population health impacts of dietary changes associated with the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (the 'Eatwell Guide'). METHOD: Using multi-state lifetable methods, we modelled the impact of dietary changes on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers over the lifetime of the current UK population. From this model, we determined change in life expectancy and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) that could be averted...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974597/what-is-the-appropriate-upper-limit-for-added-sugars-consumption
#10
James M Rippe, John L Sievenpiper, Kim-Anne Lê, John S White, Roger Clemens, Theodore J Angelopoulos
Dramatic increases in obesity and diabetes have occurred worldwide over the past 30 years. Some investigators have suggested that these increases may be due, in part, to increased added sugars consumption. Several scientific organizations, including the World Health Organization, the Scientific Advisory Council on Nutrition, the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee 2015, and the American Heart Association, have recommended significant restrictions on upper limits of sugars consumption. In this review, the scientific evidence related to sugars consumption and its putative link to various chronic conditions such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and the metabolic syndrome is examined...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966569/dash-dietary-pattern-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-korean-adults
#11
H S Lee, K B Lee, Y Y Hyun, Y Chang, S Ryu, Y Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary patterns are linked to risk and outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dietary intake varies by race, region and age. The relationship between a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and CKD in elderly Koreans is unclear. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of 2408 community-dwelling elderly participants from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2012). DASH dietary patterns for six nutrients (protein, fiber, calcium, potassium, total fat and sodium) were collected by 24 h recall...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933718/constipation-in-older-people-a-consensus-statement
#12
Anton Emmanuel, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Maria Cristina Neri, Karl-Uwe Petersen, Enrique Rey, June Rogers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic constipation is a serious medical condition that affects 30%-40% of people over 60 years old. Although not normally life threatening, constipation reduces quality of life by the same extent as diabetes and osteoarthritis. There are currently no Europe-wide guidelines for treating constipation in older people, although there is some country-level guidance for the general population. We have evaluated the existing guidance and best clinical practice to improve the care of older people with constipation...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932589/sex-and-race-ethnicity-differences-in-following-dietary-and-exercise-recommendations-for-u-s-representative-sample-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
This study examined sex by race/ethnicity differences in medical advice received for diet and exercise with corresponding health behaviors of a U.S. representative sample of adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 1,269). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2011-2014 for 185 Mexican Americans, 123 Other Hispanics, 392 non-Hispanic Blacks, 140 non-Hispanic Asians, and 429 non-Hispanic Whites were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Reporting being given dietary and exercise advice was positively associated with reporting following the behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921432/-composition-of-macronutrients-in-the-diabetic-diet
#14
Zdeněk Rušavý, Michal Žourek
The diabetic diet is one of the pillars of diabetes treatment. The rapid development of knowledge relating to the treatment of diabetes also includes diet. The paper focuses on the importance of a diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prevention of atherosclerosis. Its main goal is to assess the impact of a composition of macronutrients on individuals with type 2 diabetes. The paper is divided into several parts, each of which ends with a conclusion. The first part examines weight reduction. The diet aimed at a weight loss is effective, it can effectively prevent diabetes, it leads to improvements in glucose control and reduction of the risk factors for atherosclerosis, however it will not impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality until after more than 20 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916004/sugars-and-health-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-future-policy
#16
Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
The automation of the process of extracting sugars in the 1900s reduced cost and increased availability of sugars leading to a dramatic rise in consumption, which reached a peak in the 1970s. There are different definitions for sugars not naturally available in foods, and free sugars is the term used by WHO. The epidemiological evidence of the associations between sugars and obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus is fairly strong and consistent, particularly for sugar sweetened drinks in adults. The Department of Health in the UK and many other countries have recently updated their recommendations for free sugars as a result of this scientific evidence...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910746/nutrition-and-diabetes-mellitus-how-are-they-interlinked
#17
Kanwal Rehman, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has risen exponentially, and the number of incidences increases every day. The purpose of this article is to summarize the experimental evidence supporting the important association between nutrition and diet-based therapy for the control and management of T2DM. Evidence from several in vitro, in vivo, and human studies broadly found that nutrition-based therapy enriched with several important phytochemical constituents modulates lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, and it ameliorates glucolipotoxicity and insulin resistance...
2016: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888593/a-comparative-study-on-dietary-style-and-physical-activity-of-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes
#18
Fatereh Momeni Javid, Masoumeh Simbar, Mahrokh Dolatian, Hamid Alavi Majd, Zohre Mahmoodi
Gestational diabetes increases the risks for mother and fetus during pregnancy. As a principle of caring for diabetes, recommending patients to lose weight through more physical activities and a restrictive diet has a long history. The present study was carried out aiming at determining and comparing dietary style and physical activity in women with gestational diabetes and healthy pregnant women. This descriptive-comparative study was carried out simultaneously on 200 pregnant women (with gestational diabetes and healthy)...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884128/a-randomised-controlled-demonstration-trial-of-multifaceted-nutritional-intervention-and-or-probiotics-the-healthy-mums-and-babies-humba-trial
#19
Karaponi Okesene-Gafa, Minglan Li, Rennae S Taylor, John M D Thompson, Caroline A Crowther, Christopher J D McKinlay, Lesley M E McCowan
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and has lifelong negative implications for offspring health. The Institute of Medicine recommends limited gestational weight gain (GWG) in obese women for optimal maternal and infant outcomes. However, there is a gap regarding an effective and sustainable intervention strategy to achieve this goal. The aim of the healthy mums and babies (HUMBA) demonstration trial is to assess whether a multifaceted nutritional intervention and/or an oral probiotic treatment in obese pregnant women can reduce excessive GWG and optimise pregnancy outcomes...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834334/comparison-of-dietary-profile-of-a-rural-south-indian-population-with-the-current-dietary-recommendations-for-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases-cures-147
#20
Narasimhan Sowmya, Nagarajan Lakshmipriya, Kokila Arumugam, Sivasankari Venkatachalam, Parthasarathy Vijayalakshmi, Vaidya Ruchi, Gunasekaran Geetha, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Kamala Krishnaswamy, Vasudevan Sudha
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite the rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in rural India, data on the dietary profile of the rural Indian population in relation to the recommendations for prevention of NCDs are scarce. This study was conducted to assess the dietary intake of a rural south Indian population in relation to the current dietary recommendations for the prevention of NCDs. METHODS: The dietary profiles of 6907 adults aged ≥ 20 yr, from a cluster of 42 villages in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu State in southern India, were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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