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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#1
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761289/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Andrew E Uloko, Baba M Musa, Mansur A Ramalan, Ibrahim D Gezawa, Fabian H Puepet, Ayekame T Uloko, Musa M Borodo, Kabiru B Sada
INTRODUCTION: There has been no nationwide health (diabetes) survey in Nigeria since 1992, when a diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence of 2.2% was reported. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for DM in Nigeria by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, PapersFirst, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Bioline, African Journals Online, Institute of Scientific Information, and Google Scholar from the year 1990 to 2017...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759105/the-glycaemic-index-and-insulinaemic-index-of-commercially-available-breakfast-and-snack-foods-in-an-asian-population
#3
Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, Wei Jie Kevin Tan, Shalini D/O Ponnalagu, Katie Koecher, Ravi Menon, Sze-Yen Tan, Christiani J Henry
A low-glycaemic-index (GI) breakfast has been shown to lower blood glucose levels throughout the day. A wide variety of breakfast foods are consumed, but their GI values are largely unknown, hence limiting consumers' ability to select healthier options. This study investigated the GI values of ten common breakfast (five Asian and five Western) foods in this region using a randomised, cross-over study design. Participants arrived after an overnight fast, and fasting blood sample was taken before participants consumed test foods...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745914/weight-loss-in-a-young-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-challenges-of-diabetes-management-using-online-program-of-good-nutrition-case-report
#4
V Krylov
A 31-year-old male with a history of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypercholesterolemia came to our clinic for medical weight-loss management. According to his initial anthropometric measurements (weight - 193 kg, height - 181 cm, and body mass index (BMI) - 58 kg/m2) patient had morbid obesity. In order to educate our patient about good nutrition, physical activity and the need of sun exposure we used an online system based on the video lessons, full of humor, pictures, and cartoons. Even one month of watching the short educational movies was sufficient for the patient to form the habits of healthy eating, including restriction of fat and digestible carbohydrates and increase in daily consumption of low-fat dairy products, slow carbohydrates, protein and fiber...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742063/intake-of-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-products-and-correlates-among-school-boys-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Background Healthy dietary behaviors have a significant impact on children's health and development. Diets high in fruit and vegetables demonstrate a strong and consistent pattern for decreasing the risk of and providing benefits against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and many cancers. Yet, little is known about the pattern of fruit, vegetables and dairy products consumption among children in Saudi Arabia. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of fruit, vegetables and milk products and their dietary correlates among school boys in Saudi Arabia...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729055/younger-people-with-type-2-diabetes-have-poorer-self-care-practices-compared-with-older-people-results-from-the-australian-national-diabetes-audit
#6
N Nanayakkara, A J Pease, S Ranasinha, N Wischer, S Andrikopoulos, B de Courten, S Zoungas
AIM: This cross-sectional study compares the self-care practices of younger and older people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were analysed from the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA) including 2552 adults with Type 2 diabetes from Australian Diabetes Centres. Pre-specified demographic and clinical variables were obtained. Self-care variables (physical activity, following dietary recommendations, medication adherence and monitoring blood glucose levels) were compared in people ≤ 64 and > 64 years of age...
May 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728346/the-effectiveness-of-smartphone-apps-for-lifestyle-improvement-in-noncommunicable-diseases-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#7
REVIEW
Pernille Lunde, Birgitta Blakstad Nilsson, Astrid Bergland, Kari Jorunn Kværner, Asta Bye
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 70% of all deaths in a year globally. The four main NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic pulmonary diseases, and diabetes mellitus. Fifty percent of persons with NCD do not adhere to prescribed treatment; in fact, adherence to lifestyle interventions is especially considered as a major challenge. Smartphone apps permit structured monitoring of health parameters, as well as the opportunity to receive feedback. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and assess the effectiveness of app-based interventions, lasting at least 3 months, to promote lifestyle changes in patients with NCDs...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728114/development-of-a-dietary-index-based-on-the-brazilian-cardioprotective-nutritional-program-balance
#8
Jacqueline Tereza da Silva, Ângela Cristine Bersch-Ferreira, Camila Ragne Torreglosa, Bernardete Weber, Renata Bertazzi Levy
BACKGROUND: The diet of the Brazilian Cardioprotective Nutritional Program (BALANCE) classifies food into four groups and sets the daily amount to be consumed. The dietary approach of BALANCE is different from other dietary recommendations; therefore, it is not possible to use existing dietary indexes (DI) to assess patient's adequacy to BALANCE diet. For this reason, it is important to develop a specific dietary index based on BALANCE diet. This study aims to describe the development of the BALANCE DI, evaluate its internal consistency, construct and content validity and population characteristics associated with the index...
May 4, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722910/glycemic-management-in-the-bariatric-surgery-population-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic often complicated by multiple comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is an increasingly common and effective weight loss strategy for obese patients that may result in resolution of metabolic related disease states, such as T2DM. Although bariatric surgery has many positive outcomes for patients, dietary and pathophysiologic changes can create difficult to control blood glucose, especially in the immediate perioperative setting. Depending on oral antidiabetic agent and insulin needs preoperatively, many patients require cessation of oral agents and reduction or cessation of insulin...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702680/the-economic-burden-of-not-meeting-food-recommendations-in-canada-the-cost-of-doing-nothing
#10
Jessica R L Lieffers, John Paul Ekwaru, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
Few studies have estimated the economic burden of chronic diseases (e.g., type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancers) attributable to unhealthy eating. In this study, we estimated the economic burden of chronic disease attributable to not meeting Canadian food recommendations. We first obtained chronic disease risk estimates for intakes of both protective (1. vegetables; 2. fruit; 3. whole grains; 4. milk; 5. nuts and seeds) and harmful (6. processed meat; 7. red meat; 8. sugar-sweetened beverages) foods from the Global Burden of Disease Study, and food intakes from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey 24-hour dietary recalls (n = 33,932 respondents)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694634/higher-fiber-intake-is-associated-with-lower-blood-pressure-levels-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Mileni Vanti Beretta, Fernanda R Bernaud, Ciglea Nascimento, Thais Steemburgo, Ticiana C Rodrigues
Objective The present investigation sought to evaluate the potential association between dietary fiber intake and blood pressure (BP) in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Subjects and methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in 111 outpatients with T1D from Porto Alegre, Brazil. Patients were predominantly male (56%) and white (88%), with a mean age of 40 ± 10 years, diabetes duration of 18 ± 9 years, BMI 24.8 ± 3.85 kg/m2, and HbA1c 9.0 ± 2.0%. After clinical and laboratory evaluation, dietary intake was evaluated by 3-day weighed-diet records, whose reliability was confirmed by 24-h urinary nitrogen output...
February 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684218/what-is-the-evidence-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-osteoarthritis
#12
Sally Thomas, Heather Browne, Ali Mobasheri, Margaret P Rayman
As current treatment options in OA are very limited, OA patients would benefit greatly from some ability to self-manage their condition. Since diet may potentially affect OA, we reviewed the literature on the relationship between nutrition and OA risk or progression, aiming to provide guidance for clinicians. For overweight/obese patients, weight reduction, ideally incorporating exercise, is paramount. The association between metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes and OA risk or progression may partly explain the apparent benefit of dietary-lipid modification resulting from increased consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty-acids from oily fish/fish oil supplements...
May 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676589/association-of-diabetes-diagnosis-with-dietary-changes-and-weight-reduction
#13
Daeho Kim, Kanghyock Koh, Shailender Swaminathan, Amal N Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modifications are associated with better outcomes for patients with diabetes. Patients' awareness of having diabetes may promote lifestyle changes, but there is limited evidence to support this assertion. This study examined whether a report of physician-diagnosed diabetes is associated with dietary changes and efforts to lose weight. METHODS: Cross-sectional comparison of individuals with and without diabetes or prediabetes diagnosis, matched on glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, socio-demographic characteristics, and health status using propensity-score matching analysis...
April 20, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673826/lifestyle-interventions-for-improving-health-and-health-behaviours-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-2011-2017
#14
REVIEW
Charrlotte Seib, Joy Parkinson, Nicole McDonald, Haruka Fujihira, Stephanie Zietek, Debra Anderson
The development and maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviours are among the most promising strategies for reducing complications and premature death among women living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, despite the potential benefits of these interventions, they have had varying success and the sustained uptake of the recommended lifestyle modifications is limited. This paper reviews research on the impact of lifestyle interventions aimed at improving health and health behaviours in women with T2DM...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670048/dietary-fiber-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-among-young-south-african-adults
#15
Machoene D Sekgala, Zandile J Mchiza, Whadi-Ah Parker, Kotsedi D Monyeki
This study attempts to bridge the research gap regarding the importance of dietary fiber in reducing metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors in young rural South Africans. A total of 627 individuals (309 males and 318 females) aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 24-h recall method. The consumption of different types of dietary fiber (total, soluble, and insoluble) was calculated and presented as grams. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profiles were measured according to standard protocols...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661588/impact-of-metabolic-diseases-drugs-and-dietary-factors-on-prostate-cancer-risk-recurrence-and-survival-a-systematic-review-by-the-european-association-of-urology-section-of-oncological-urology
#16
REVIEW
Riccardo Campi, Sabine D Brookman-May, Jose Daniel Subiela Henríquez, Bülent Akdoğan, Maurizio Brausi, Tobias Klatte, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Estefania Linares-Espinos, Martin Marszalek, Morgan Roupret, Christian G Stief, Alessandro Volpe, Andrea Minervini, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba
CONTEXT: To date, established risk factors for prostate cancer (PCa) are limited to age, race, family history, and certain genetic polymorphisms. Despite great research efforts, available evidence on potentially modifiable risk factors is conflicting. Moreover, most studies on PCa risk factors did not consider the impact of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing on PCa diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To provide a detailed overview of the latest evidence on the role of metabolic diseases, drugs, and dietary factors for risk of PCa incidence, recurrence, and survival in men exposed to PSA testing...
April 13, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661561/clinically-actionable-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Kathryn E Harlow, Jonathan A Africa, Alan Wells, Patricia H Belt, Cynthia A Behling, Ajay K Jain, Jean P Molleston, Kimberly P Newton, Philip Rosenthal, Miriam B Vos, Stavra A Xanthakos, Joel E Lavine, Jeffrey B Schwimmer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in whom intervention for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides was indicated based on National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, longitudinal cohort study included children with NAFLD enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659694/nutritional-genomics-and-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-an-overview
#18
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Hassan S Dashti, Jordi Merino
The increasing prevalence in polygenic diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes, observed over the past few decades is more likely linked to a rapid transition in lifestyle rather than to changes in the sequence of the nuclear genome. In the new era of precision medicine, nutritional genomics holds the promise to be translated into tailored nutritional strategies to prevent and manage polygenic diseases more effectively. Nutritional genomics aims to prevent, treat, and manage polygenic diseases through targeted therapies formulated from individuals' genetic makeup and dietary intake...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659689/perspective-total-added-or-free-what-kind-of-sugars-should-we-be-talking-about
#19
David J Mela, Elizabeth M Woolner
There is consistent public guidance to limit sugars intakes. However, WHO recommendations are for "free" sugars, whereas some other guidance documents and public discussion focus on "added" sugars, and globally most food labeling states "total" sugars. Total sugars comprise all mono- and disaccharides, regardless of source, whereas both added and free sugars exclude the sugars that naturally occur in dairy products and intact fruit and vegetables. Definitions of added and free sugars differ mainly in their respective exclusion or inclusion of sugars in juiced or pureed fruit and vegetables...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620918/web-support-for-weight-loss-interventions-predircam2-clinical-trial-baseline-characteristics-and-preliminary-results
#20
Valeria Alcántara-Aragón, Susana Rodrigo-Cano, Ascension Lupianez-Barbero, María José Martinez, Carmen Martinez, José Tapia, José Manuel Iniesta, Susana Tenes, Eulalia Urgell, Gemma Navarro, M Elena Hernando, Juan Francisco Merino-Torres, Alberto de Leiva, Cintia Gonzalez
An ongoing clinical trial is testing the efficacy of web telematic support in a structured program for obesity treatment and diabetes prevention. Participants were recruited from two tertiary-care hospitals and randomized to receive either a telematic intervention (TI) supported by PREDIRCAM2 web platform or a non-telematic intervention (NTI). All receive 1-year follow-up. Both interventions consist of tailored dietary and exercise prescriptions, based on a Mediterranean dietary pattern and general WHO exercise recommendations for adults...
April 5, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
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