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dietary recommendations for diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434481/is-there-a-role-for-lifestyle-changes-in-cardiovascular-prevention-what-when-and-how
#1
Lluís Masana, Emilio Ros, Isabella Sudano, Denis Angoulvant
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lifestyle has been found to play an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is evidence to suggest that if lifestyle factors are modified successfully, the relative risk of CVD can be reduced. Risk factors for CVD such as high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemias can be modified by lifestyle changes. The main aim of this article is to provide best practice approaches and support for healthcare professionals on the role of lifestyle changes in the prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429286/effects-of-selenium-supplementation-on-the-diabetic-condition-depend-on-the-baseline-selenium-status-in-kkay-mice
#2
Novian Febiyanto, Chiho Yamazaki, Satomi Kameo, Dian K Sari, Irma M Puspitasari, Deni K Sunjaya, Dewi M D Herawati, Gaga I Nugraha, Toshio Fukuda, Hiroshi Koyama
Oxidative stress in obesity leads to insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Some selenoproteins possess antioxidant properties, suggesting that selenium (Se) may protect against type 2 diabetes; however, evidence from epidemiological studies is contradictory. We hypothesized that Se status before supplementation (baseline) contributes to the supplementation outcome. This study aimed to clarify the influence of baseline Se status on the effect of Se supplementation on the diabetic condition. Six-week-old KKAy mice were fed a diet without supplemental Se or with 0...
April 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427311/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-clinic-based-mediterranean-style-diet-intervention-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-for-hispanic-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Laura Cubillos, Yanire Estrada Del Campo, Khalil Harbi, Thomas Keyserling, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Daniel S Reuland
Purpose The purpose of the study was to modify a previously tested Spanish language version of a Mediterranean (Med)-style dietary intervention so that the dietary recommendations align with the cultural and social needs of Hispanic Americans (HAs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and evaluate the modified intervention's feasibility and acceptability. Methods In phase I (formative), semi-structured interviews and focus groups were used to refine the intervention content and format for delivery to HAs with T2D receiving care at a large primary care practice...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392166/legume-consumption-is-inversely-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-incidence-in-adults-a-prospective-assessment-from-the-predimed-study
#4
Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Andrés Díaz-López, Núria Rosique-Esteban, Emilio Ros, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, Fernando Arós, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Javier Díez-Espino, Olga Portoles, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Legumes, a low-energy, nutrient-dense and low glycemic index food, have shown beneficial effects on glycemic control and adiposity. As such, legumes are widely recommended in diabetic diets, even though there is little evidence that their consumption protects against type 2 diabetes. Therefore the aim of the present study was to examine the associations between consumption of total legumes and specific subtypes, and type 2 diabetes risk. We also investigated the effect of theoretically substituting legumes for other protein- or carbohydrate-rich foods...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389529/older-patients-perspectives-on-managing-complexity-in-ckd-self-management
#5
C Barrett Bowling, Ann E Vandenberg, Lawrence S Phillips, William M McClellan, Theodore M Johnson, Katharina V Echt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with CKD are asked to perform self-management tasks including dietary changes, adhering to medications, avoiding nephrotoxic drugs, and self-monitoring hypertension and diabetes. Given the effect of aging on functional capacity, self-management may be especially challenging for older patients. However, little is known about the specific challenges older adults face maintaining CKD self-management regimens. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted an exploratory qualitative study designed to understand the relationship among factors facilitating or impeding CKD self-management in older adults...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371239/the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-nafld-evidence-and-plausible-mechanisms
#6
Shira Zelber-Sagi, Federico Salomone, Liat Mlynarsky
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major global health burden, leading to increased risk for cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle intervention aiming at weight reduction is the most established treatment. However, changing the dietary composition even without weight loss can also reduce steatosis and improve metabolic alterations as insulin resistance and lipid profile. The Mediterranean diet (MD) pattern has been proposed as appropriate for this goal, and was recommended as the diet of choice for the treatment of NAFLD by the EASL-EASD-EASO Clinical Practice Guidelines...
April 2, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#7
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360027/relative-effectiveness-of-insulin-pump-treatment-over-multiple-daily-injections-and-structured-education-during-flexible-intensive-insulin-treatment-for-type-1-diabetes-cluster-randomised-trial-repose
#8
(no author information available yet)
Objective To compare the effectiveness of insulin pumps with multiple daily injections for adults with type 1 diabetes, with both groups receiving equivalent training in flexible insulin treatment.Design Pragmatic, multicentre, open label, parallel group, cluster randomised controlled trial (Relative Effectiveness of Pumps Over MDI and Structured Education (REPOSE) trial).Setting Eight secondary care centres in England and Scotland.Participants Adults with type 1 diabetes who were willing to undertake intensive insulin treatment, with no preference for pumps or multiple daily injections...
March 30, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359773/impact-of-egg-consumption-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-at-risk-for-developing-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-nutritional-intervention-studies
#9
REVIEW
Caroline Richard, Lisa Cristall, Emily Fleming, Erin D Lewis, Maria Ricupero, René L Jacobs, Catherine J Field
Observational studies have reported inconclusive results regarding the relationship between egg consumption (and dietary cholesterol) and the risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in individuals with type 2 diabetes, which has led to inconsistent recommendations to patients. We reviewed the evidence of egg consumption on major CVD risk factors in individuals with or at risk for type 2 diabetes (prediabetes, insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome). We performed a systematic search in the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science in January 2016...
March 27, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355278/analysis-using-national-databases-reveals-a-positive-association-between-dietary-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-with-tv-watching-and-diabetes-in-european-females
#10
Jason Pither, Amy Botta, Chittaranjan Maity, Sanjoy Ghosh
In recent years, dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have increased in parallel to sedentary behavior and diabetes across the world. To test any putative association between dietary PUFA and sedentary behavior or diabetes in females, we obtained country-specific, cross-sectional data on sedentary activity and diabetes prevalence from European Cardiovascular Statistics 2012. Age and gender-specific, nutritional data from each country were obtained from nutritional surveys as well. Socioeconomic (GDP), physical environment (urbanization index) and climatic confounders were accounted for each country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338608/impact-of-high-carbohydrate-diet-on-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Chan-Hee Jung, Kyung Mook Choi
In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), whether dietary carbohydrates have beneficial or detrimental effects on cardiometabolic risk factors has drawn attention. Although a high-carbohydrate (HC) diet and a low-carbohydrate (LC) diet have gained popularity for several decades, there is scarce review focusing on the effects of HC diet on glucose, lipids and body weight in patients with T2DM. In this review, we examined recently-published literature on the effects of HC diets on metabolic parameters in T2DM...
March 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338063/greater-postprandial-glucose-excursions-and-inadequate-nutrient-intake-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease
#12
Anna Pham-Short, Kim C Donaghue, Geoffrey Ambler, Sarah Garnett, Maria E Craig
The gluten free diet (GFD) has a high glycemic index and low-fiber content, which potentially influences glycemic excursions in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD). Participants in this case-control study of youth with T1D+CD (n = 10) and T1D only (n = 7) wore blinded continuous glucose monitoring systems for six days. Blood glucose levels (BGLs) were compared between groups for each meal, including pre-meal, peak, 2-hour postprandial and time-to-peak. Participants consumed a test-breakfast of GF cereal and milk for three days and kept weighed food diaries; nutrient intake was analyzed and compared to national recommendations...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320464/impact-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-glycemic-control-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#13
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Dietary advice is one of the cornerstones in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The American Diabetes Association recommended a hypocaloric diet for overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes in order to induce weight loss. However, there is limited evidence on the optimal approaches to control hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes patients. The aim of the present study is to assess the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycemic control and blood lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a systematic review including a standard pairwise and network meta-analysis of randomized trials...
March 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316796/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-dietary-carbohydrate-restriction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Ole Snorgaard, Grith M Poulsen, Henning K Andersen, Arne Astrup
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition therapy is an integral part of self-management education in patients with type 2 diabetes. Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index are recommended, but the ideal amount of carbohydrate in the diet is unclear. We performed a meta-analysis comparing diets containing low to moderate amounts of carbohydrate (LCD) (energy percentage below 45%) to diets containing high amounts of carbohydrate (HCD) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We systematically reviewed Cochrane library databases, EMBASE, and MEDLINE in the period 2004-2014 for guidelines, meta-analyses, and randomized trials assessing the outcomes HbA1c, BMI, weight, LDL cholesterol, quality of life (QoL), and attrition...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292303/sex-differences-in-gout-characteristics-tailoring-care-for-women-and-men
#15
Leslie R Harrold, Carol J Etzel, Allan Gibofsky, Joel M Kremer, Michael H Pillinger, Kenneth G Saag, Naomi Schlesinger, Robert Terkeltaub, Vanessa Cox, Jeffrey D Greenberg
BACKGROUND: To characterize the differences between women and men with gout. METHODS: We analyzed a US national cohort of gout patients cared for by rheumatologists. RESULTS: Compared with the 1012 men with gout, women with gout (n = 262) were older (71 vs. 61 years, p < 0.001) and had a greater burden of comorbid conditions (p < 0.001 for hypertension, diabetes, renal disease and obesity). Risk factors for gout differed with women more often taking diuretics (p < 0...
March 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289436/lifestyle-factors-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Adrian Heald, John Pendlebury, Simon Anderson, Vinesh Narayan, Mark Guy, Martin Gibson, Peter Haddad, Mark Livingston
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease is more common in patients with schizophrenia than the general population. AIM: The purpose of the study was to assess lifestyle factors, including diet and exercise, in patients with schizophrenia and estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a representative group of outpatients with schizophrenia in Salford, UK. An interview supplemented by questionnaires was used to assess diet, physical activity, and cigarette and alcohol use...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262189/hypercholesterolemia-as-a-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-disease-current-controversial-therapeutic-management
#17
REVIEW
Arturo Zárate, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, Renata Saucedo, Marcelino Hernández-Valencia, Lourdes Basurto
Cholesterol is a precursor of steroid hormones and an essential component of the cell membrane; however, altered regulation of the synthesis, absorption and excretion of cholesterol predispose to cardiovascular diseases of atherosclerotic origin. Despite the recognition of historical events for 200 years starting with Chevreul naming "cholesterine"; later on, Lobstein coining the term atherosclerosis and Marchand introducing it, Anichkov identifying cholesterol in atheromatous plaque, and Brown and Goldstein discovering LDL receptor (r-LDL), as well as the emergence of different drugs such as fibrates, statins and cetrapibs during this decade promising to increase HDL, and the most recent, ezetimibe and anti-PCSK9 to inhibit the degradation of r-LDL, morbidity has not been reduced in cardiovascular disease...
October 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256458/fats-fatty-acids-in-indian-diets-time-for-serious-introspection
#18
REVIEW
Indu Mani, Anura V Kurpad
Recommended dietary allowances for fat and fatty acid (FA) intakes are set on global standards aimed at prevention of lifestyle diseases. Yet, the fat composition of a diet is both ethnic/region specific as well as income dependent. Indian diets are predominantly vegetarian and relatively low in fat. Furthermore, the main sources of fat are of plant origin rather than animal origin. This results in a diet that is relatively low in saturated FA, high in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and very low in n-3 PUFA...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253436/can-pulses-play-a-role-in-improving-cardiometabolic-health-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#19
Effie Viguiliouk, Sonia Blanco Mejia, Cyril W C Kendall, John L Sievenpiper
Obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) present important unmet prevention and treatment challenges. Dietary pulses are sustainable, affordable, and nutrient-dense foods that have shown a wide range of health benefits in the prevention and management of these conditions. Despite these findings, recommendations for pulse intake continue to vary across chronic disease guidelines, and intake levels continue to remain low. Here, we summarize findings from recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses assessing the relationship between dietary pulse consumption and cardiometabolic health and assess the overall strength of the evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation tool...
March 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244664/re-challenging-fodmaps-the-low-fodmap-diet-phase-two
#20
REVIEW
Caroline Tuck, Jacqueline Barrett
The low fermentable, oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) diet has good evidence for use in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Importantly, patients are encouraged not to remain on a strict low FODMAP diet long-term, and many patients maintain symptom improvement with a relaxed, moderate FODMAP restriction. The re-challenge phase is crucial to assist patients in identifying specific dietary triggers, reduce the level of dietary restriction required, and increase prebiotic intake...
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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