Read by QxMD icon Read

Diverticulitis and surgery indications

Najjia N Mahmoud, Elijah W Riddle
Recent guidelines recommend an individualized approach to recurrent uncomplicated diverticulitis, reflecting research showing that non-operative treatment is safe. Thus, the majority of operations for diverticulitis in the future may be for complicated indications. A laparoscopic approach may be used for both acute and chronic complicated diverticulitis in appropriate patients, as described in the American and European guidelines. However, a safe approach to minimally invasive surgery requires recognition when conditions deteriorate or are not suited to laparoscopy as well as knowledge of a variety of technical maneuvers that elucidate difficult anatomy and facilitate resection...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
D C Steinemann, A Zerz, S H Lamm
BACKGROUND: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) describes surgical procedures through a natural orifice. In hybrid-NOTES small transabdominal trocars are combined with a NOTES access. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hybrid-NOTES sigmoidectomy as a standard procedure for diverticulitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomies performed between May 2011 and January 2016 were prospectively collated. Primary endpoint was the feasibility of hybrid-NOTES sigmoidectomy...
December 7, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
José Vicente Roig, Antonio Salvador, Matteo Frasson, Míriam Cantos, Celia Villodre, Zutoia Balciscueta, Rafael García-Calvo, Javier Aguiló, Juan Hernandis, Rodolfo Rodríguez, Francisco Landete, Eduardo García-Granero
INTRODUCTION: To analyze short and medium-term results of different surgical techniques in the treatment of complicated acute diverticulitis (CAD). METHODS: Multicentre retrospective study including patients operated on as surgical emergency or deferred-urgency with the diagnosis of CAD. RESULTS: A series of 385 patients: 218 men and 167 women, mean age 64.4±15.6 years, operated on in 10 hospitals were included. The median (25(th)-75(th) percentile) time from symptoms to surgery was 48 (24-72) h, being peritonitis the main surgical indication in a 66% of cases...
December 2016: Cirugía Española
Ahmed Dehal, Sunal Patel, Hanna Park, Patrick Nguyen, Robert Yuhan, Joseph Ruan
Robotic colorectal surgery was first performed at our institution in January 2014. The objective of this study is to present our initial experience with robotic colorectal surgery. This is a retrospective review of the prospectively collected data of all patients who underwent robotic colorectal surgery from January 2014 to April 2015. Baseline, perioperative, and postoperative data were obtained for analysis. A total of 101 patients with a mean age of 56 and a body mass index of 31 underwent robotic colorectal surgery between January 2014 and April 2015...
October 2016: American Surgeon
David R Rosen, Grace S Hwang, Glenn T Ault, Adrian E Ortega, Kyle G Cologne
BACKGROUND: Diverticulitis has become a medically managed disease process; the indications and timing of surgical intervention have evolved. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent surgical intervention due to diverticular disease by the Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery from 2012 to 2014. RESULTS: Ninety-eight surgeries were performed. Indications included colovesicular fistula, multiple recurrences of diverticulitis, medically refractory diverticulitis, stricture, abscess, colocutaneous fistula, and colovaginal fistula...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Rasmus Gregersen, Laura Quitzau Mortensen, Jakob Burcharth, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jacob Rosenberg
PURPOSE: This study aimed to systematically review the literature and present the evidence on outcomes after treatment for acute diverticulitis with abscess formation. Secondly, the paper aimed to compare different treatment options. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched. Two authors screened the records independently, initially on title and abstract and subsequently on full-text basis. Articles describing patients treated acutely for Hinchey Ib and II were included...
November 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Beverley Temple, Trevor Farley, Kristine Popik, Carisa Ewanyshyn, Elaine Beyer, Brenden Dufault
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for development of a parastomal hernia (PH). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The target population comprised 2854 persons receiving services from the Manitoba Ostomy Program. Seven hundred sixty-four responses were received, yielding a response rate of 29.3%. Respondents average age was 70 years (SD = 12.8); 425 (55.6%) had a colostomy, 236 (30.8%) had an ileostomy, 63 (8...
September 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Nir Horesh, Nir Wasserberg, Andrew P Zbar, Aviad Gravetz, Yaniv Berger, Mordechai Gutman, Danny Rosin, Oded Zmora
The management of diverticular disease has evolved in the last few decades from a structured therapeutic approach including operative management in almost all cases to a variety of medical and surgical approaches leading to a more individualized strategy. There is an ongoing debate among surgeons about the surgical management of diverticular disease, questioning not only the surgical procedure of choice, but also about who should be operated and the timing of surgery, both in complicated and uncomplicated diverticular disease...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Kegan Jessamy, Nuri Ozden, Howard M Simon, Semaan Kobrossi, Ezinnaya Ubagharaji
Colonic postanastomotic strictures occur in 1.5-8% of patients following colorectal surgery. Traditionally, colonic strictures were treated by multiple modalities including endoscopic dilatation. Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) have been indicated in the management of benign colonic strictures; however, there are limited available data with regard to their efficacy. We present the case of a 68-year-old male who had perforated sigmoid diverticulitis followed by Hartmann's procedure with eventual reanastomosis 6 months later...
January 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Tina M Hernandez-Boussard, Kathryn M McDonald, Doug E Morrison, Kim F Rhoads
BACKGROUND: Postoperative (PO) outcomes are rapidly being integrated into value-based purchasing programs and associated penalties are slated for inclusion in the near future. Colorectal surgery procedures are extremely common and account for a high proportion of morbidity among general surgery. We sought to assess adverse events in colorectal surgical patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, 2008-2012...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Joseph D Feuerstein, Kenneth R Falchuk
Diverticular disease is a common condition that is associated with variable presentations. For this review article, we performed a review of articles in PubMed through February 1, 2016, by using the following MeSH terms: colon diverticula, colonic diverticulitis, colonic diverticulosis, colonic diverticulum, colonic diverticula, and diverticula. Diverticula are structural alterations within the colonic wall that classically form "pockets" referred to as diverticula. Diverticula form from herniation of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through defects in the circular muscle layers within the colonic wall...
August 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Nir Horesh, Chaya Shwaartz, Imri Amiel, Avinoam Nevler, Esther Shabtai, Alexander Lebedeyev, Roi Nadler, Danny Rosin, Mordechai Gutman, Oded Zmora
OBJECTIVE: Acute diverticulitis has been traditionally associated with worse outcome in young patients, indicating a more aggressive surgical approach is required for them. The aim of this study was to assess whether acute diverticulitis was more virulent in young patients. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study included all patients who were admitted for a first episode of acute diverticulitis between January 2004 and December 2013. The patients were divided into two groups (≤50 years and >50 years) based on their age...
May 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Patrick Ambrosetti, Pascal Gervaz
The role, indications and modalities of elective resection for sigmoid diverticulitis remain the cause of fierce debate. During the past two decades clinicians have increasingly recognized that: (1) young patients (<50) are no more at risk to develop more aggressive course of the disease; and (2) patients who present initially with a first uncomplicated attack are no more at risk for developing subsequent complicated diverticulitis requiring emergency surgery. Hence, the previously well-recognized indications (based upon age of the patients or the number of attacks) are no longer valid...
March 2016: Updates in Surgery
Pamela Buchwald, Liane Dixon, Christopher J Wakeman, Tim W Eglinton, Frank A Frizelle
BACKGROUND: The management of diverticular disease and its complications are an increasing burden to the health system. The natural history of conservatively managed diverticular abscesses (Hinchey I and II) is poorly described and it remains open to debate whether subsequent sigmoid resection is indicated after conservative management. This observational study compares outcomes of patients treated with conservative management (antibiotics +/- percutaneous drainage) and surgery. METHODS: All patients admitted at Christchurch Hospital with diverticulitis between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2009 were recorded in a database...
April 8, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Christian F Jurowich, Christoph T Germer
Diverticulitis is one of the leading indications for elective colonic resections although there is an ongoing controversial discussion about classification, stage-dependent therapeutic options, and therapy settings. As there is a rising trend towards conservative therapy for diverticular disease even in patients with a complicated form of diverticulitis, we provide a compact overview of current surgical therapy principles and the remaining questions to be answered.
April 2015: Viszeralmedizin
Bernhard Lembcke
BACKGROUND: While detailed history, physical examination, and laboratory tests are of great importance when examining a patient with diverticular disease, they are not sufficient to diagnose (or stratify) diverticulitis without cross-sectional imaging (ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT)). METHODS: Qualified US has diagnostic value equipotent to qualified CT, follows relevant legislation for radiation exposure protection, and is frequently effectual for diagnosis...
April 2015: Viszeralmedizin
Debbie Li, Nancy N Baxter, Robin S McLeod, Rahim Moineddin, Avery B Nathens
BACKGROUND: The indications for interval elective colectomy following diverticulitis are unclear; evidence lends increasing support for nonoperative management. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the temporal trends in the use of elective colectomy following diverticulitis. DESIGN: This is a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative discharge data. SETTING: This study was conducted in Ontario, Canada...
April 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Marek Szczepkowski, Alicja Przywózka, Tomasz Zieliński
Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is a minimally invasive technique for local excision of benign and malignant neoplasms in the rectum. Indications for this technique are constantly changing and extending. The aim of this study is to describe a case of a unique and innovative application of this surgical technique. A 72-year-old patient was admitted to the Clinical Department of General and Colorectal Surgery for elective resection of a tumor located in the perianal area using the TEM surgical technique...
January 2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Matteo Mandrioli, Kenji Inaba, Alice Piccinini, Andrea Biscardi, Massimo Sartelli, Ferdinando Agresta, Fausto Catena, Roberto Cirocchi, Elio Jovine, Gregorio Tugnoli, Salomone Di Saverio
The greatest advantages of laparoscopy when compared to open surgery include the faster recovery times, shorter hospital stays, decreased postoperative pain, earlier return to work and resumption of normal daily activity as well as cosmetic benefits. Laparoscopy today is considered the gold standard of care in the treatment of cholecystitis and appendicitis worldwide. Laparoscopy has even been adopted in colorectal surgery with good results. The technological improvements in this surgical field along with the development of modern techniques and the acquisition of specific laparoscopic skills have allowed for its utilization in operations with fully intracorporeal anastomoses...
January 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Mika Ukkonen, Sari Karlsson, Johanna Laukkarinen, Tuomo Rantanen, Hannu Paajanen
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the outcome of elderly patients with severe sepsis after alimentary tract surgery. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 24 intensive care units (ICU) in Finland. Four thousand five hundred consecutive patients were admitted to ICUs and 470 patients fulfilled the criteria for severe sepsis. All patients who had undergone gastrointestinal surgery were included. The outcomes of elderly (≥65 years) and younger patients were compared...
May 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"