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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#1
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214431/simulation-in-undergraduate-paediatric-nursing-curriculum-evaluation-of-a-complex-ward-for-a-day-education-program
#2
Andree S Gamble
Simulation in health education has been shown to increase confidence, psychomotor and professional skills, and thus positively impact on student preparedness for clinical placement. It is recognised as a valuable tool to expose and engage students in realistic patient care encounters without the potential to cause patient harm. Although inherent challenges exist in the development and implementation of simulation, variability in clinical placement time, availability and quality dictates the need to provide students with learning opportunities they may otherwise not experience...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209429/nurses-experiences-of-what-constitutes-the-encounter-with-children-visiting-a-sick-parent-at-an-adult-icu
#3
Susanne Knutsson, Karin Enskär, Marie Golsäter
BACKGROUND: Despite a cultural change in visitation policies for children (0-17 years) in the intensive care unit (ICU) to a more open approach, children are still restricted from visiting for various reasons. To overcome these obstacles, it is vital to determine what is needed while encountering a child. AIM: To elucidate nurses' experiences of what constitutes the encounter with children visiting a sick parent in an adult ICU. METHOD: An explorative inductive qualitative design was used, entailing focus group interviews with 23 nurses working at a general ICU...
February 13, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208237/community-mental-health-nurses-understanding-of-compassion-a-naturalistic-interpretative-approach
#4
Kim Barron, Graham Sloan, Ruth Deery
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing emphasis in policy, research and practice in the UK and internationally on the importance of caring in health care. Compassion needs to be at the core of all health care professionals' practice. Recently health care has received negative attention through media and government reports which cite a lack of compassion in care RATIONALE: The concept of compassion has received limited attention in community mental health nursing. AIM: Based on data taken from semi-structured interviews with community mental health nurses this paper aims to describe interpretations and perspectives of compassion to gain insight and development of its meaning METHOD: A naturalistic, interpretive approach was taken to the study...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205282/psychological-effects-of-relational-job-characteristics-validation-of-the-scale-for-hospital-nurses
#5
Alda Santos, Filipa Castanheira, Maria José Chambel, Michael Vieira Amarante, Carlos Costa
AIMS: This study validates the Portuguese version of the psychological effects of the relational job characteristics scale among hospital nurses in Portugal and Brazil. BACKGROUND: Increasing attention has been given to the social dimension of work, following the transition to a service economy. Nevertheless, and despite the unquestionable relational characteristics of nursing work, scarce research has been developed among nurses under a relational job design framework...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194924/constructing-definitions-of-safety-risks-while-nurses-care-for-hospitalised-older-people-secondary-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#6
Sherry Dahlke, Wendy A Hall, Jennifer Baumbusch
AIM: The aim of this secondary qualitative descriptive analysis was to examine how nurses construct a definition of older peoples' safety risks and provide care while working within organisational contexts that are focused on diminishing patient risks. BACKGROUND: Numbers of older patients are increasing in acute hospital contexts-contexts that place their focus on patient safety. Nurses need to manage tensions between older peoples' risks, evidence-informed practice decisions, limited resources and organisational emphases on patient falls...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194198/when-does-spiritual-intelligence-particularly-predict-job-engagement-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-empowerment
#7
Mohsen Torabi, Iman Zohoorian Nadali
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of health care providers such as nurses who are always in stressful environments, it is imperative to better understand how they become more engaged in their work. The purpose of this paper is to focus on health care providers (nurses), and examine how the interaction between spiritual intelligence and psychological empowerment affect job engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and quantitative study was conducted among nurses at the Faghihi Hospital in Shiraz, Iran in 2010...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193242/process-evaluation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-testing-a-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-bundle-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Tracey Bucknall, Marianne Wallis, Merrilyn Banks, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: As pressure ulcers contribute to significant patient burden and increased health care costs, their prevention is a clinical priority. Our team developed and tested a complex intervention, a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle promoting patient participation in care, in a cluster-randomised trial. The UK Medical Research Council recommends process evaluation of complex interventions to provide insight into why they work or fail and how they might be improved. This study aimed to evaluate processes underpinning implementation of the intervention and explore end-users' perceptions of it, in order to give a deeper understanding of its effects...
February 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187017/ce-defining-and-understanding-pilot-and-other-feasibility-studies
#9
Nancy S Morris, Deborah A Rosenbloom
: What they are, why they're done, and how they're done well. ABSTRACT: Nurses are becoming increasingly involved in conducting clinical research in which feasibility studies are often the first steps. Understanding why and how these studies are conducted may encourage clinical nurses to engage with researchers and take advantage of opportunities to participate in advancing nursing science. This article provides an overview of feasibility studies, including pilot studies, and explains the type of preliminary data they seek to provide in order to make larger, future studies more efficient and successful...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168198/associations-of-occupational-stressors-perceived-organizational-support-and-psychological-capital-with-work-engagement-among-chinese-female-nurses
#10
Xiaoxi Wang, Li Liu, Futing Zou, Junhui Hao, Hui Wu
This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152941/transforming-a-unit-s-culture-to-improve-clinical-outcomes
#11
Theresa Woodrum, Michael Romano
: 243 Background: Leadership identified an unhealthy work environment existed in our Oncology Hematology Special Care Unit (OHSCU). This was evidenced by increased turnover, low National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI), and nurse sensitive quality indicator scores. In the fall of 2014 changes were made to the unit with a goal of creating within the unit a culture of clinical excellence, engagement, professionalism, accountability, and improve staff satisfaction. METHODS: Leadership met to define the future state of the unit and develop a vision statement...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152817/implementing-patient-reported-outcome-surveys-as-part-of-routine-care-lessons-from-an-academic-radiation-oncology-department
#12
Kelly O'Neil, Andrea Kelly, Maureen Keaty, Colleen Whitehouse, Barbara Kalinowski, Peter F Orio, Neil E Martin
: 97 Background: We sought to implement patient reported outcomes (PRO) surveys to measure the acute and late effects of radiation treatment at a multisite academic medical center. METHODS: Over the course of 18 months we addressed survey identification and implementation hurdles. Many existing validated instruments were designed for clinical research and are not ideally suited for either routine care or for the tracking of acute toxicities of radiation therapy...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152772/learning-from-and-engaging-patients-families-during-the-implementation-of-a-new-medical-record-system
#13
Kathleen Horvath, Patricia Jahoda Stahl
: 66 Background: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute implemented a new medical record system to improve clinical and revenue cycle services. Through the formation of a Patient Experience (PX) committee we thoughtfully and methodically revised materials and processes putting patient and family perspectives first. METHODS: Formed PX committee with PFAC members, executive leadership, Patient/Family Relations (PFR), Volunteer Services, Management operations, and Quality/ Patient Safety representation...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143613/how-can-information-systems-provide-support-to-nurses-hand-hygiene-performance-using-gamification-and-indoor-location-to-improve-hand-hygiene-awareness-and-reduce-hospital-infections
#14
Rita Marques, João Gregório, Fernando Pinheiro, Pedro Póvoa, Miguel Mira da Silva, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections are still amongst the major problems health systems are facing. Their occurrence can lead to higher morbidity and mortality rates, increased length of hospital stay, and higher costs for both hospital and patients. Performing hand hygiene is a simple and inexpensive prevention measure, but healthcare workers' compliance with it is often far from ideal. To raise awareness regarding hand hygiene compliance, individual behaviour change and performance optimization, we aimed to develop a gamification solution that collects data and provides real-time feedback accurately in a fun and engaging way...
January 31, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135830/a-randomized-trial-of-heart-failure-disease-management-in-skilled-nursing-facilities-snf-connect-lessons-learned
#15
Andrea Daddato, Heidi L Wald, Carolyn Horney, Diane L Fairclough, Erin C Leister, Marilyn Coors, Warren H Capell, Rebecca S Boxer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Conducting clinical trials in skilled nursing facilities is particularly challenging. This manuscript describes facility and patient recruitment challenges and solutions for clinical research in skilled nursing facilities. METHODS: Lessons learned from the SNF Connect Trial, a randomized trial of a heart failure disease management versus usual care for patients with heart failure receiving post-acute care in skilled nursing facilities, are discussed...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#16
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119347/advancing-symptom-science-through-symptom-cluster-research-expert-panel-proceedings-and-recommendations
#17
REVIEW
Christine Miaskowski, Andrea Barsevick, Ann Berger, Rocco Casagrande, Patricia A Grady, Paul Jacobsen, Jean Kutner, Donald Patrick, Lani Zimmerman, Canhua Xiao, Martha Matocha, Sue Marden
An overview of proceedings, findings, and recommendations from the workshop on "Advancing Symptom Science Through Symptom Cluster Research" sponsored by the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) and the Office of Rare Diseases Research, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, is presented. This workshop engaged an expert panel in an evidenced-based discussion regarding the state of the science of symptom clusters in chronic conditions including cancer and other rare diseases. An interdisciplinary working group from the extramural research community representing nursing, medicine, oncology, psychology, and bioinformatics was convened at the National Institutes of Health...
April 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115912/predictors-of-burnout-work-engagement-and-nurse-reported-job-outcomes-and-quality-of-care-a-mixed-method-study
#18
Peter Van Bogaert, Lieve Peremans, Danny Van Heusden, Martijn Verspuy, Veronika Kureckova, Zoë Van de Cruys, Erik Franck
BACKGROUND: High levels of work-related stress, burnout, job dissatisfaction, and poor health are common within the nursing profession. A comprehensive understanding of nurses' psychosocial work environment is necessary to respond to complex patients' needs. The aims of this study were threefold: (1) To retest and confirm two structural equation models exploring associations between practice environment and work characteristics as predictors of burnout (model 1) and engagement (model 2) as well as nurse-reported job outcome and quality of care; (2) To study staff nurses' and nurse managers' perceptions and experiences of staff nurses' workload; (3) To explain and interpret the two models by using the qualitative study findings...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107042/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-morningness-eveningness-sleep-duration-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-nurses
#19
Fumiharu Togo, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu
Higher depressive symptoms have been reported in rotating shift workers compared with day workers. Depressive symptoms in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype and sleep duration. This study examines associations between depressive symptoms, morningness-eveningness (i.e. the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), sleep duration and rotating shift work. Japanese nurses (1252 day workers and 1780 rotating shift workers, aged 20-59) were studied using a self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099787/cultural-sensitivity-among-clinical-nurses-a-descriptive-study
#20
Medine Yilmaz, Serap Toksoy, Zübeyde Denizci Direk, Selma Bezirgan, Münevver Boylu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the cultural sensitivity of nurses working in rural and urban hospitals in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sampling of this descriptive and correlational study was composed of only 516 clinical nurses working in inpatient clinics. The data collection tools were the Socio-Demographic Questionnaire and the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale. FINDINGS: A majority of the participating nurses experienced culture-related problems...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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