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biofilm vaccine

Shengli Chen, Huafang Hao, Ping Zhao, Wenheng Ji, Mingxia Li, Yongsheng Liu, Yuefeng Chu
Mycoplasma bovis is a major bovine pathogen that causes considerable economic losses in the cattle industry worldwide. Moreover, M. bovis biofilm can persist in the environment and its host. To date, M. bovis biofilm antigens recognized by bovine convalescent sera and their comparison with planktonic cells have not yet been explored. This study utilized an immunoproteomic approach using two-dimensional electrophoresis, immunoblotting using convalescent bovine serum, and subsequent matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) to identify the immunoreactive proteins expressed in biofilm- and planktonic-grown M...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Cristian Alfredo Segura-Cerda, Michel de Jesús Aceves-Sánchez, Brenda Marquina-Castillo, Dulce Mata-Espinoza, Jorge Barrios-Payán, Perla Jazmín Vega-Domínguez, César Pedroza-Roldán, Jorge Bravo-Madrigal, Alba Adriana Vallejo-Cardona, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Mario Alberto Flores-Valdez
Pellicles, a type of biofilm, have gathered a renewed interest in the field of tuberculosis as a structure that mimics some characteristics occurring during M. tuberculosis infection, such as antibiotic recalcitrance and chronicity of infection, and as a source of antigens for humoral response in infected guinea pigs. In other bacteria, it has been well documented that the second messenger c-di-GMP modulates the transition from planktonic cells to biofilm formation. In this work, we used the live vaccine Mycobacterium bovis BCG to determine whether deletion of genes involved in c-di-GMP metabolism would affect interaction with macrophages, capacity to induce immune response in a murine cell line and mice, and how the protein profile was modified when grown as surface pellicles...
March 14, 2018: Vaccine
Sajad Abdollahi, Iraj Rasooli, Seyed Latif Mousavi Gargari
Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic multidrug resistant pathogen. TonB-dependent copper receptor is an outer membrane protein and has a role in binding of A. baumannii to host cell via attachment to fibronectin. Moreover, it is highly expressed in biofilm community. In this study the properties of copper receptor were analyzed in silico and its vaccine potential was investigated. TonB-dependent copper and iron receptor domains plus one plug domain at N-terminal were determined by domain analysis. Topology modeling showed 22 β-strands, 11 loops and 10 periplasmic turns...
March 7, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Kathryn A Patras, Victor Nizet
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonizes the gastrointestinal and vaginal epithelium of a significant percentage of healthy women, with potential for ascending intrauterine infection or transmission during parturition, creating a risk of serious disease in the vulnerable newborn. This review highlights new insights on the bacterial virulence determinants, host immune responses, and microbiome interactions that underpin GBS vaginal colonization, the proximal step in newborn infectious disease pathogenesis. From the pathogen perspective, the function GBS adhesins and biofilms, β-hemolysin/cytolysin toxin, immune resistance factors, sialic acid mimicry, and two-component transcriptional regulatory systems are reviewed...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Julie Liao, Daniel R Smith, Jóhanna Brynjarsdóttir, Paula I Watnick
Diarrhea is the most common infection in children under the age of five worldwide. In spite of this, only a few vaccines to treat infectious diarrhea exist, and many of the available vaccines are sparingly and sporadically administered. Major obstacles to the development and widespread implementation of vaccination include the ease and cost of production, distribution, and delivery. Here we present a novel, customizable and self-assembling vaccine platform that exploits the Vibrio cholerae bacterial biofilm matrix for antigen presentation...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Huanying Pang, Mingsheng Qiu, Jingmin Zhao, Rowena Hoare, Sean J Monaghan, Dawei Song, Yunsheng Chang, Jichang Jian
Vibrio alginolyticus, a bacterial pathogen in fish and humans, expresses a type III secretion system (T3SS) that is critical for pathogen virulence and disease development. However, little is known about the associated effectors (T3SEs) and their physiological role. In this study, the T3SE gene hopPmaJ (hop) was cloned from V. alginolyticus wild-type strain HY9901 and the mutant strain HY9901Δhop was constructed by the in-frame deletion method. The results showed that the deduced amino acid sequence of V. alginolyticus HopPmaJ shared 78-98% homology with other Vibrio spp...
February 7, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Li Tan, Si Rui Li, Bei Jiang, Xiao Mei Hu, Shu Li
Staphylococcus aureus can cause numerous different diseases, which has been attributed to its large repertoire of virulence factors, many of which are under the control of the accessory gene regulator (agr) quorum sensing system. Under conditions of high cell density, agr increases the production of many virulence factors, decreases expression of several colonization factors, and is intimately associated with the pathogenesis and biofilm formation of S. aureus. This review summarizes our current understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying agr quorum sensing and the regulation of agr expression...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Karen L Osman, Johanna M Jefferies, Christopher H Woelk, David W Cleary, Stuart C Clarke
Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an opportunistic pathogen of the respiratory tract and the greatest contributor to invasive Haemophilus disease. Additionally, in children, NTHi is responsible for the majority of otitis media (OM) which can lead to chronic infection and hearing loss. In adults, NTHi infection in the lungs is responsible for the onset of acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Unfortunately, there is currently no vaccine available to protect against NTHi infections...
February 8, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Michael Hecker, Ulrike Mäder, Uwe Völker
While the genome sequence is the blueprint of life, functional genomics is required to transfer the genome sequence to cell physiology. Among the Omics technologies, proteomics holds a privileged position because it deals with the main players of life, the proteins. For the model organism Staphylococcus aureus comprehensive coverage of the proteome was accomplished and used to address physiological and pathophysiological questions. This review article demonstrates that the proteomic view of physiology and pathophysiology of S...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Xingxing Kang, Wanling Zhang, Xunchao Cai, Tong Zhu, Yarong Xue, Changhong Liu
Biocontrol bacteria that are able to act like a "vaccine", stimulating plant resistance to pathogenic diseases, are still not fully elucidated. In this study, an endophytic bacterium, Bacillus velezensis CC09, labeled with green fluorescent protein, was tested for its colonization, migration and expression of genes encoding iturin A synthetase within wheat tissues/organs, as well as for protective effects against wheat "take-all" and spot blotch diseases. The results showed that strain CC09 not only formed biofilm on the root surface, but also was widely distributed in almost every tissue including the epidermis, cortex and xylem vessels, and even migrated to stems and leaves resulting in 66...
January 26, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Sinosh Skariyachan, Vaishnavi Sneha Sridhar, Swathi Packirisamy, Supreetha Toplar Kumargowda, Sneha Basavaraj Challapilli
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium causes widespread diseases in humans. This bacterium is frequently related to nosocomial infections such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTIs) and bacteriaemia especially in immunocompromised patients. The current review focuses on the recent perspectives on biofilms formation by these bacteria. Biofilms are communities of microorganisms in which cells stick to each other and often adhere to a surface. These adherent cells are usually embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS)...
January 19, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
Ryan M Reddinger, Nicole R Luke-Marshall, Shauna L Sauberan, Anders P Hakansson, Anthony A Campagnari
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus are ubiquitous upper respiratory opportunistic pathogens. Individually, these Gram-positive microbes are two of the most common causative agents of secondary bacterial pneumonia following influenza A virus infection, and they constitute a significant source of morbidity and mortality. Since the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, rates of cocolonization with both of these bacterial species have increased, despite the traditional view that they are antagonistic and mutually exclusive...
January 9, 2018: MBio
Jaroslava Chupácová, Elisa Borghi, Giulia Morace, Agata Los, Helena Bujdáková
Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis are related yeasts that differ in the expression of virulence-associated proteins involved in adherence and biofilm development. CR3-RP (complement receptor 3-related protein) is one of the surface antigens expressed by Candida species. The main objective of this research was to elucidate the effect of the polyclonal anti-CR3-RP antibody (Ab) on adherence and the biofilm formed by C. albicans SC5314 and C. dubliniensis CBS 7987 and 2 clinical isolates in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo...
January 5, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
Cédric M Vogt, Maria Teresa Armúa-Fernández, Kurt Tobler, Monika Hilbe, Claudio Aguilar, Mathias Ackermann, Peter Deplazes, Catherine Eichwald
Bacillus subtilis is known as an endospore- and biofilm-forming bacterium with probiotic properties. We have recently developed a method for displaying heterologous proteins on the surface of B. subtilis biofilms by introducing the coding sequences of the protein of interest into the bacterial genome to generate a fusion protein linked to the C terminus of the biofilm matrix protein TasA. Although B. subtilis is a regular component of the gut microflora, we constructed a series of recombinant B. subtilis strains that were tested for their ability to be used to immunize dogs following oral application of the spores...
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
Ana Gil-Bona, Ahinara Amador-García, Concha Gil, Lucia Monteoliva
The cell surface and secreted proteins are the initial points of contact between Candida albicans and the host. Improvements in protein extraction approaches and mass spectrometers have allowed researchers to obtain a comprehensive knowledge of these external subproteomes. In this paper, we review the published proteomic studies that have examined C. albicans extracellular proteins, including the cell surface proteins or surfome and the secreted proteins or secretome. The use of different approaches to isolate cell wall and cell surface proteins, such as fractionation approaches or cell shaving, have resulted in different outcomes...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
Arto A Palmu, Mika Lahdenkari
BACKGROUND: Prevention of acute otitis media (AOM), and especially recurrence and biofilm formation, by pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has been hypothesized to be due to prevention of early episodes triggering the vicious cycle. We tested the specific role of vaccine-type pneumococcal AOM in this hypothesis. METHODS: In the phase III randomized, double-blind FinOM Vaccine Trial conducted in 1995-99 children received PCV7 or hepatitis B vaccine as control at 2/4/6/12 months of age and were followed for AOM...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Roberto Vázquez, Mirian Domenech, Manuel Iglesias-Bexiga, Margarita Menéndez, Pedro García
Streptococcus suis is a Gram-positive bacterium that infects humans and various animals, causing human mortality rates ranging from 5 to 20%, as well as important losses for the swine industry. In addition, there is no effective vaccine for S. suis and isolates with increasing antibiotic multiresistance are emerging worldwide. Facing this situation, wild type or engineered bacteriophage lysins constitute a promising alternative to conventional antibiotics. In this study, we have constructed a new chimeric lysin, Csl2, by fusing the catalytic domain of Cpl-7 lysozyme to the CW_7 repeats of LySMP lysin from an S...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
Dorji Dorji, Frits Mooi, Osvaldo Yantorno, Rajendar Deora, Ross M Graham, Trilochan K Mukkur
Despite high vaccine coverage, whooping cough caused by Bordetella pertussis remains one of the most common vaccine-preventable diseases worldwide. Introduction of whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccines in the 1940s and acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines in 1990s reduced the mortality due to pertussis. Despite induction of both antibody and cell-mediated immune (CMI) responses by aP and wP vaccines, there has been resurgence of pertussis in many countries in recent years. Possible reasons hypothesised for resurgence have ranged from incompliance with the recommended vaccination programmes with the currently used aP vaccine to infection with a resurged clinical isolates characterised by mutations in the virulence factors, resulting in antigenic divergence with vaccine strain, and increased production of pertussis toxin, resulting in dampening of immune responses...
February 2018: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
Ina Meuskens, Marcin Michalik, Nandini Chauhan, Dirk Linke, Jack C Leo
Almost all integral membrane proteins found in the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria belong to the transmembrane β-barrel family. These proteins are not only important for nutrient uptake and homeostasis, but are also involved in such processes as adhesion, protein secretion, biofilm formation, and virulence. As surface exposed molecules, outer membrane β-barrel proteins are also potential drug and vaccine targets. High production levels of heterologously expressed proteins are desirable for biochemical and especially structural studies, but over-expression and subsequent purification of membrane proteins, including outer membrane proteins, can be challenging...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Shawn M Zimmerman, Mackenzie E Long, Jeremy S Dyke, Tomislav P Jelesijevic, Frank Michel, Eric R Lafontaine, Robert J Hogan
Burkholderia mallei causes the highly contagious and debilitating zoonosis glanders, which infects via inhalation or percutaneous inoculation and often culminates in life-threatening pneumonia and sepsis. In humans, glanders is difficult to diagnose and requires prolonged antibiotic therapy with low success rates. No vaccine exists to protect against B. mallei, and there is concern regarding its use as a bioweapon. The authors previously identified the protein BpaB as a potential target for devising therapies due to its role in adherence to host cells and the formation of biofilms in vitro and its contribution to pathogenicity in a mouse model of glanders...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
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