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outer membrane protein and biofilm formation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021252/a-chemical-and-biological-toolbox-for-type-vd-secretion-characterization-of-the-phospholipase-a1-autotransporter-fpla-from-fusobacterium-nucleatum
#1
Michael A Casasanta, Christopher C Yoo, Hans B Smith, Alison J Duncan, Kyla Cochrane, Ann C Varano, Emma Allen-Vercoe, Daniel J Slade
Fusobacterium nucleatum is an oral pathogen that is linked to multiple human infections and colorectal cancer. Strikingly, F. nucleatum achieves virulence in the absence of large, multi-protein secretion systems (Type I, II, III, IV, and VI) which are widely used by Gram-negative bacteria for pathogenesis. By contrast, F. nucleatum strains contain genomic expansions of Type V secreted effectors (autotransporters) that are critical for host cell adherence, invasion, and biofilm formation. Here we present the first characterization of a F...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972168/pela-and-pelb-form-a-modification-and-secretion-complex-essential-for-pel-polysaccharide-dependent-biofilm-formation-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#2
Lindsey S Marmont, Gregory B Whitfield, Jacquelyn D Rich, Patrick Yip, Laura B Giesbrecht, Carol A Stremick, John C Whitney, Matthew R Parsek, Joe J Harrison, P Lynne Howell
The Pel polysaccharide (PEL) is synthesized by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa and is an important biofilm constituent critical for bacterial virulence and persistence. PEL is a cationic polymer that promotes cell-cell interactions within the biofilm matrix through electrostatic interactions with extracellular DNA (eDNA). Translocation of PEL across the outer membrane is proposed to occur via PelB, a membrane-embedded porin with a large periplasmic domain predicted to contain 19 tetratricopeptide repeats (TPRs)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959742/the-biofilm-inhibitor-carolacton-enters-gram-negative-cells-studies-using-a-tolc-deficient-strain-of-escherichia-coli
#3
Jannik Donner, Michael Reck, Boyke Bunk, Michael Jarek, Constantin Benjamin App, Jan P Meier-Kolthoff, Jörg Overmann, Rolf Müller, Andreas Kirschning, Irene Wagner-Döbler
The myxobacterial secondary metabolite carolacton inhibits growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae and kills biofilm cells of the caries- and endocarditis-associated pathogen Streptococcus mutans at nanomolar concentrations. Here, we studied the response to carolacton of an Escherichia coli strain that lacked the outer membrane protein TolC. Whole-genome sequencing of the laboratory E. coli strain TolC revealed the integration of an insertion element, IS5, at the tolC locus and a close phylogenetic relationship to the ancient E...
September 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900103/yeej-is-an-inverse-autotransporter-from-escherichia-coli-that-binds-to-peptidoglycan-and-promotes-biofilm-formation
#4
Marta Martinez-Gil, Kelvin G K Goh, Elze Rackaityte, Chizuko Sakamoto, Bianca Audrain, Danilo G Moriel, Makrina Totsika, Jean-Marc Ghigo, Mark A Schembri, Christophe Beloin
Escherichia coli is a commensal or pathogenic bacterium that can survive in diverse environments. Adhesion to surfaces is essential for E. coli colonization, and thus it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms that promote this process in different niches. Autotransporter proteins are a class of cell-surface factor used by E. coli for adherence. Here we characterized the regulation and function of YeeJ, a poorly studied but widespread representative from an emerging class of autotransporter proteins, the inverse autotransporters (IAT)...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900025/psp-stress-response-proteins-form-a-complex-with-mislocalized-secretins-in-the-yersinia-enterocolitica-cytoplasmic-membrane
#5
Disha Srivastava, Amal Moumene, Josué Flores-Kim, Andrew J Darwin
The bacterial phage shock protein system (Psp) is a conserved extracytoplasmic stress response that is essential for the virulence of some pathogens, including Yersinia enterocolitica It is induced by events that can compromise inner membrane (IM) integrity, including the mislocalization of outer membrane pore-forming proteins called secretins. In the absence of the Psp system, secretin mislocalization permeabilizes the IM and causes rapid cell death. The Psp proteins PspB and PspC form an integral IM complex with two independent roles...
September 12, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870806/structural-insights-into-the-functional-role-of-gmp-in-modulating-the-yfibnr-system
#6
Lei Zhou, Min Xu, Tao Jiang
YfiBNR, a tripartite cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) signalling system, plays an important role in biofilm formation of the gram-negative bacterium P. aeruginosa, which regulates the cellular processes strongly associated with chronic lung infections and drug resistance. The outer-membrane lipoprotein YfiB can release the inhibition of the inner membrane protein YfiN by sequestering the periplasmatic protein YfiR, resulting in the activation of diguanylate cyclase activity of YfiN and the production of c-di-GMP. In contrast to the extensive studies on c-di-GMP, little is known about how GMP acts in the YfiBNR system...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859312/phase-variation-of-dna-methyltransferases-and-the-regulation-of-virulence-and-immune-evasion-in-the-pathogenic-neisseria
#7
Kate L Seib, Freda E-C Jen, Adeana L Scott, Aimee Tan, Michael P Jennings
The pathogenic Neisseria provide textbook examples of phase variation: the high frequency, random and reversible switching of gene expression. Typically, phase variable gene expression is observed in genes required for the expression of surface proteins and carbohydrate structures. All Neisseria gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis strains also express phase variable DNA methyltransferases that are components of DNA restriction-modification systems. Phase variation of these DNA methyltransferases (Mod) alters global DNA methylation patterns...
August 31, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800709/the-major-outer-membrane-protein-mopb-is-required-for-twitching-movement-and-affects-biofilm-formation-and-virulence-in-two-xylella-fastidiosa-strains
#8
Hongyu Chen, Prem P Kandel, Luisa F Cruz, Paul A Cobine, Leonardo De La Fuente
MopB is a major outer membrane protein (OMP) in Xylella fastidiosa, a bacterial plant pathogen that causes losses on many economically important crops. Based on in silico analysis, the uncharacterized MopB protein of X. fastidiosa contains a β-barrel structure with an OmpA-like domain and a predicted calcium-binding motif. Here, MopB function was studied by mutational analysis taking advantage of the natural competence of X. fastidiosa. Mutants of mopB were constructed in two different X. fastidiosa strains, the type strain Temecula and the more virulent WM1-1...
November 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797211/disulfide-bonds-a-key-modification-in-bacterial-extracytoplasmic-proteins
#9
S F Lee, L Davey
Disulfide bonds are a common posttranslational modification that contributes to the folding and stability of extracytoplasmic proteins. Almost all organisms, from eukaryotes to prokaryotes, have evolved enzymes to make and break these bonds. Accurate and efficient disulfide bond formation can be vital for protein function; therefore, the enzymes that catalyze disulfide bond formation are involved in multiple biological processes. Recent advances clearly show that oral bacteria also have the ability to from disulfide bonds, and this ability has an effect on a range of dental plaque-related phenotypes...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691662/role-of-the-inner-membrane-histidine-kinase-rcsc-and-outer-membrane-lipoprotein-rcsf-in-the-activation-of-the-rcs-phosphorelay-signal-transduction-system-in-escherichia-coli
#10
Takatsugu Sato, Akira Takano, Nanako Hori, Tomoko Izawa, Takayoshi Eda, Kota Sato, Mitsuru Umekawa, Hiroyoshi Miyagawa, Kenji Matsumoto, Ayako Muramatsu-Fujishiro, Kouji Matsumoto, Satoshi Matsuoka, Hiroshi Hara
The Rcs phosphorelay signal transduction system of Escherichia coli controls genes for capsule production and many other envelope-related functions and is implicated in biofilm formation. The outer-membrane lipoprotein RcsF is an essential component of the Rcs system. Mislocalization of RcsF to the periplasm or the cytoplasmic membrane leads to high activation of the Rcs system, suggesting that RcsF functions by interacting with the cytoplasmic membrane component(s) of the system in activating the system. This is consistent with the result reported by Cho et al...
July 8, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678862/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-cells-attached-to-a-surface-display-a-typical-proteome-early-as-20-minutes-of-incubation
#11
Marc Crouzet, Stéphane Claverol, Anne-Marie Lomenech, Caroline Le Sénéchal, Patricia Costaglioli, Christophe Barthe, Bertrand Garbay, Marc Bonneu, Sébastien Vilain
Biofilms are present in all environments and often result in negative effects due to properties of the biofilm lifestyle and especially antibiotics resistance. Biofilms are associated with chronic infections. Controlling bacterial attachment, the first step of biofilm formation, is crucial for fighting against biofilm and subsequently preventing the persistence of infection. Thus deciphering the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in attachment could allow discovering molecular targets from it would be possible to develop inhibitors against bacterial colonization and potentiate antibiotherapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670572/biological-functions-of-the-secretome-of-neisseria-meningitidis
#12
REVIEW
Jan Tommassen, Jesús Arenas
Neisseria meningitidis is a Gram-negative bacterial pathogen that normally resides as a commensal in the human nasopharynx but occasionally causes disease with high mortality and morbidity. To interact with its environment, it transports many proteins across the outer membrane to the bacterial cell surface and into the extracellular medium for which it deploys the common and well-characterized autotransporter, two-partner and type I secretion mechanisms, as well as a recently discovered pathway for the surface exposure of lipoproteins...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609638/hyperbiofilm-phenotype-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-defective-for-the-plcb-and-plcn-secreted-phospholipases
#13
Shawn Lewenza, Laetitia Charron-Mazenod, Shirin Afroj, Erik van Tilburg Bernardes
Biofilms are dense communities of bacteria enmeshed in a protective extracellular matrix composed mainly of exopolysaccharides, extracellular DNA, proteins, and outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). Given the role of biofilms in antibiotic-tolerant and chronic infections, novel strategies are needed to block, disperse, or degrade biofilms. Enzymes that degrade the biofilm matrix are a promising new therapy. We screened mutants in many of the enzymes secreted by the type II secretion system (T2SS) and determined that the T2SS, and specifically phospholipases, play a role in biofilm formation...
June 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588134/the-rcs-regulated-colanic-acid-capsule-maintains-membrane-potential-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium
#14
Jasmine M Pando, Joyce E Karlinsey, Jimmie C Lara, Stephen J Libby, Ferric C Fang
The Rcs phosphorelay and Psp (phage shock protein) systems are envelope stress responses that are highly conserved in gammaproteobacteria. The Rcs regulon was found to be strongly induced during metal deprivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium lacking the Psp response. Nineteen genes activated by the RcsA-RcsB response regulator make up an operon responsible for the production of colanic acid capsular polysaccharide, which promotes biofilm development. Despite more than half a century of research, the physiological function of colanic acid has remained elusive...
June 6, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400767/the-periplasmic-chaperone-network-of-campylobacter-jejuni-evidence-that-salc-cj1289-and-ppid-cj0694-are-involved-in-maintaining-outer-membrane-integrity
#15
Aidan J Taylor, Shadi A I Zakai, David J Kelly
The outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria is a key structure in host-pathogen interactions that contains a plethora of proteins, performing a range of functions including adhesion, nutrient uptake, export of effectors and interaction with innate and adaptive components of the immune system. In addition, the OM can exclude drugs and thus contribute to antimicrobial resistance. The OM of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni contains porins, adhesins and other virulence factors that must be specifically localized to this membrane, but the protein sorting mechanisms involved are only partially understood...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357362/bacterial-outer-membrane-vesicle-biogenesis-a-new-mechanism-and-its-implications
#16
COMMENT
Sandro Roier, Franz G Zingl, Fatih Cakar, Stefan Schild
Outer membrane vesicle (OMV) release by Gram-negative bacteria has been observed and studied for decades. First considered as a by-product of cell lysis, it soon became evident that OMVs are actively secreted from the outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative bacteria. Accordingly, these small particles (~ 10-300 nm in diameter) consist mainly of OM components like phospholipids (PLs), OM proteins, and lipopolysaccharides or lipooligosaccharides. However, OMVs may also comprise periplasmic, inner membrane, or cytoplasmic components...
May 10, 2016: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199190/filamentous-hemagglutinin-adhesin-fhab-limits-a-baumannii-biofilm-formation
#17
Shakiba Darwish Alipour Astaneh, Iraj Rasooli, Seyed Latif Mousavi Gargari
Increased resistance and survival, as well as immune evasion, play a significant role in the pathogenicity of Acinetobacter baumannii. Here, we report on the adhesion of the bacterium to epithelial cells and formation of biofilm on abiotic surfaces. We identificed autotransporter (AT) genes that encode homologues (Fha-like) of the two-partner secretion system (TPS) in A.baumannii (ATCC19606) which we designate as FhaB (exoprotein) and FhaC (transporter) and demonstrate that these novel genes, are under the control of distinct regulatable promoters within either the same (FhaBC) or two distinct (FhaB and FhaC) cells...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173753/conjugative-type-ivb-pilus-recognizes-lipopolysaccharide-of-recipient-cells-to-initiate-papi-1-pathogenicity-island-transfer-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Toan Phuoc Hong, Michelle Q Carter, Paolo Struffi, Stefano Casonato, Youai Hao, Joseph S Lam, Stephen Lory, Olivier Jousson
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa pathogenicity island 1 (PAPI-1) is one of the largest genomic islands of this important opportunistic human pathogen. Previous studies have shown that PAPI-1 encodes several putative virulence factors, including a major regulator of biofilm formation and antibiotic-resistance traits. PAPI-1 is horizontally transferable into recipient strains lacking this island via conjugation mediated by the specialized type IV pilus. The PAPI-1 encodes a cluster of ten genes associated with the synthesis and assembly of the type IV pilus...
February 7, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173636/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-fusobacterium-nucleatum-adhesin-involved-in-physical-interaction-and-biofilm-formation-with-streptococcus-gordonii
#19
Bruno P Lima, Wenyuan Shi, Renate Lux
To successfully colonize the oral cavity, bacteria must directly or indirectly adhere to available oral surfaces. Fusobacterium nucleatum plays an important role in oral biofilm community development due to its broad adherence abilities, serving as a bridge between members of the oral biofilm that cannot directly bind to each other. In our efforts to characterize the molecular mechanisms utilized by F. nucleatum to physically bind to key members of the oral community, we investigated the involvement of F. nucleatum outer membrane proteins in its ability to bind to the pioneer biofilm colonizer, Streptococcus gordonii...
June 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072820/p-cymene-promotes-its-catabolism-through-the-p-cymene-and-the-p-cumate-pathways-activates-a-stress-response-and-reduces-the-biofilm-formation-in-burkholderia-xenovorans-lb400
#20
Loreine Agulló, María José Romero-Silva, Mirian Domenech, Michael Seeger
p-Cymene is an aromatic terpene that is present in diverse plant species. The aims of this study were to study the p-cymene metabolism in the model aromatic-degrading bacterium Burkholderia xenovorans LB400, and its response to p-cymene. The catabolic p-cymene (cym) and p-cumate (cmt) genes are clustered on the LB400 major chromosome. B. xenovorans LB400 was able to grow on p-cymene as well as on p-cumate as a sole carbon and energy sources. LB400 growth attained higher cell concentration at stationary phase on p-cumate than on p-cymene...
2017: PloS One
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