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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707241/an-approach-to-study-ultrastructural-changes-and-adaptive-strategies-displayed-by-acinetobacter-guillouiae-sfc-500-1a-under-simultaneous-cr-vi-and-phenol-treatment
#1
Marilina Fernández, Gustavo M Morales, Elizabeth Agostini, Paola S González
Acinetobacter guillouiae SFC 500-1A, a native bacterial strain isolated from tannery sediments, is able to simultaneously remove high concentrations of Cr(VI) and phenol. In this complementary study, high-resolution microscopy techniques, such as atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), were used to improve our understanding of some bacterial adaptive mechanisms that enhance their ability to survive. AFM contributed in gaining insight into changes in bacterial size and morphology...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707067/phagocytosis-of-escherichia-coli-biofilm-cells-with-different-aspect-ratios-a-role-of-substratum-material-stiffness
#2
Yanrui Zhao, Fangchao Song, Hao Wang, Junlin Zhou, Dacheng Ren
Bacterial biofilms play an important role in chronic infections due to high-level tolerance to antibiotics. Thus, it is important to eradicate bacterial cells that are attached to implanted medical devices of different materials. Phagocytosis is a key process of the innate immunity to eliminate invading pathogens. Previous research demonstrated that the efficiency of phagocytosis is affected by the aspect ratio of polymer beads. Recently, we reported that the stiffness of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) influences Escherichia coli biofilm formation and the biofilm cells on stiff (5:1) PDMS are 46...
July 13, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705748/effect-of-secondary-metabolite-of-actinidia-deliciosa-on-the-biofilm-and-extra-cellular-matrix-components-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#3
Vishvanath Tiwari, Deepika Tiwari, Varsha Patel, Monalisa Tiwari
Acinetobacter baumannii, opportunistic nosocomial pathogen, increases gradually in the clinical setup. The high level of resistance mechanisms acquired by these bacteria makes their eradication difficult and biofilm formation is one of them. Biofilm comprises of closely packed bacterial population crowded together by extra-cellular matrix (ECM). ECM contains bacterial secreted polymers such as exopolysaccharides (EPS), proteins and extracellular-DNA (e-DNA) and rarely amyloidogenic proteins. Biofilm offers protection of underlying bacterial population against chemotherapeutic agents and host immune system...
July 10, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702016/burn-serum-increases-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm-formation-via-oxidative-stress
#4
Supeng Yin, Bei Jiang, Guangtao Huang, Yali Gong, Bo You, Zichen Yang, Yu Chen, Jing Chen, Zhiqiang Yuan, Ming Li, Fuquan Hu, Yan Zhao, Yizhi Peng
Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen isolated from burn patients that can form biofilms on burn wounds and implanted deep vein catheters, which often leads to refractory infections or even biofilm-related sepsis. As biofilm formation is usually regulated by environmental conditions, we hypothesized that serum composition may be altered after burn injury, potentially affecting the ability of infecting bacteria to form biofilms. As predicted, we observed that serum from burn-injured rats increases biofilm formation by S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697438/assessment-of-the-correlation-among-antibiotic-resistance-adherence-to-abiotic-and-biotic-surfaces-invasion-and-cytotoxicity-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-diseased-gilthead-sea-bream
#5
Faouzi Lamari, Ibtissem Chakroun, Sami Rtimi
Improper uses of antibiotics to treat fish disease pose an increase of multidrug resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In order to escape host antimicrobial agents and induce cytotoxicity, different virulence properties are needed by these bacteria such as, biofilm formation, adhesion and invasion ability. This study was conducted to isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa from diseased cultured gilthead sea bream. Seventeen isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were identified by PCR. All of the isolates tested were susceptible to Gentamicin and Ciprofloxacin...
July 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692914/antibiofilm-potential-of-16-oxo-cleroda-3-13-14-e-diene-15-oic-acid-and-its-five-new-%C3%AE-amino-%C3%AE-lactone-derivatives-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-streptococcus-mutans
#6
Anum Khalid Khan, Ayaz Ahmed, Mustafa Hussain, Ishtiaq Ahmad Khan, Syed Abid Ali, Ahsana Dar Farooq, Shaheen Faizi
The clerodane diterpenoids 16-oxo-cleroda-3, 13(14) E-diene-15 oic acid (1) and kolavenic acid (2) isolated from Polyalthia longifolia var. pendula (Linn.) were previously reported for their antimicrobial activity. Thus present study was designed to investigate the biofilm inhibiting potential of these diterpenoids (1-2) and five new lactone derivatives (3-7) of 1 against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Streptococcus mutans, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis. Compounds 1 and 3 at 10-20 μg/mL were found to be bacteriostatic and significantly reduced the biofilm formation and metabolically active cells of MRSA and S...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685384/reorganization-of-gene-network-for-degradation-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pao1-under-several-conditions
#7
Shaomin Yan, Guang Wu
Although polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are harmful to human health, their elimination from the environment is not easy. Biodegradation of PAHs is promising since many bacteria have the ability to use hydrocarbons as their sole carbon and energy sources for growth. Of various microorganisms that can degrade PAHs, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is particularly important, not only because it causes a series of diseases including infection in cystic fibrosis patients, but also because it is a model bacterium in various studies...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684799/modifications-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-cell-envelope-in-the-cystic-fibrosis-airway-alters-interactions-with-immune-cells
#8
Preston J Hill, Julia M Scordo, Jesús Arcos, Stephen E Kirkby, Mark D Wewers, Daniel J Wozniak, Jordi B Torrelles
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental organism and an opportunistic pathogen that causes chronic lung infections in the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients as well as other immune-compromised individuals. During infection, P. aeruginosa enters the terminal bronchioles and alveoli and comes into contact with alveolar lining fluid (ALF), which contains homeostatic and antimicrobial hydrolytic activities, termed hydrolases. These hydrolases comprise an array of lipases, glycosidases, and proteases and thus, they have the potential to modify lipids, carbohydrates and proteins on the surface of invading microbes...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684253/subinhibitory-concentrations-of-gentamicin-trigger-expression-of-aac-6-ie-aph-2%C3%A2-ia-chaperones-and-biofilm-related-genes-in-lactobacillus-plantarum-mcc3011
#9
Jaimee George, Prakash Motiram Halami
This study aimed to analyze the effects of subinhibitory concentrations of gentamicin on expression of high-level aminoglycoside-resistant (HLAR) bifunctional aac(6')-Ie-aph(2″)Ia, biofilm and chaperone genes in Lactobacillus plantarum. Analysis of biofilm formation in five isolates obtained from chicken sausages indicated their role in exhibiting phenotypic resistance based on varied MIC values, despite carrying the bifunctional gene. Biofilm formation significantly increased when L. plantarum MCC3011 was grown in subinhibitory concentrations of gentamicin (4 μg/ml), kanamycin (8 μg/ml) and streptomycin (2 μg/ml)...
July 4, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683522/role-of-eptc-in-biofilm-formation-by-campylobacter-jejuni-nctc11168-on-polystyrene-and-glass-surfaces
#10
Eun Seob Lim, Joo-Sung Kim
The complex roles of cell surface modification in the biofilm formation of Campylobacter jejuni, a major cause of worldwide foodborne diarrheal disease, are poorly understood. In a screen of mutants from random transposon mutagenesis, an insertional mutation in eptC gene (cj0256) resulted in a significant decrease in C. jejuni NCTC11168 biofilm formation (<20%) on major food contact surfaces, such as polystyrene and borosilicate glass, compared with wild-type cells (p < 0.05). In C. jejuni strain 81-176, the protein encoded by eptC modifies cell surface structures, such as lipid A, the inner core of lipooligosaccharide, and the flagellar rod protein (FlgG), by attaching phosphoethanolamine...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680970/nbiochip-a-lab-on-a-chip-platform-of-mono-and-polymicrobial-biofilms-for-high-throughput-downstream-applications
#11
Anand Srinivasan, Nelson S Torres, Kai P Leung, Jose L Lopez-Ribot, Anand K Ramasubramanian
Current in vitro techniques for the culture of microorganisms, and particularly of delicate microbial biofilms, are still mostly limited to low-density plates and manual labor and are not amenable to automation and true high-throughput (HT) applications. We have developed a novel fully automated platform for the formation of mono- and polymicrobial biofilms of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans at the nanoscale level. The nBioChip is robotically printed, robustly handled, and scanned using a standard microarray reader...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680858/biofilm-induced-type-2-innate-immunity-in-a-cystic-fibrosis-model-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#12
Kenny Bielen, Bart 's Jongers, Jan Boddaert, Tom K Raju, Christine Lammens, Surbhi Malhotra-Kumar, Philippe G Jorens, Herman Goossens, Samir Kumar-Singh
Biofilm-producing strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. In these patients, increased levels of IL-17 as well as of IL-5 and IL-13 along with arginase (Arg)-positive macrophages have been observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. While IL-17 is a strong proinflammatory cytokine associated with host defense against bacterial and fungal infections and is also elevated in several autoimmune diseases, IL-5/IL-13 and Arg1-positive M2 macrophages are part of the anti-inflammatory type 2 (Th2) immunity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680041/bsmr-degrades-c-di-gmp-to-modulate-biofilm-formation-of-nosocomial-pathogen-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia
#13
Wei Liu, Xiu-Qi Tian, Jin-Wei Wei, Li-Li Ding, Wei Qian, Zhong Liu, Fang-Fang Wang
c-di-GMP is a cellular second messenger that regulates diverse bacterial processes, including swimming, biofilm formation and virulence. However, in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, a nosocomial pathogen that frequently infects immunodeficient or immunoincompetent patients, the regulatory function of c-di-GMP remains unclear. Here we show that BsmR is a negative regulator of biofilm development that degrades c-di-GMP through its EAL domain. Increasing BsmR expression resulted in significant increase in bacterial swimming and decrease in cell aggregation...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677348/the-pseudomonas-putida-csra-rsma-homologues-negatively-affect-c-di-gmp-pools-and-biofilm-formation-through-the-ggdef-eal-response-regulator-cfcr
#14
Óscar Huertas-Rosales, Manuel Romero, Stephan Heeb, Manuel Espinosa-Urgel, Miguel Cámara, María Isabel Ramos-González
Expression of cfcR, encoding the only GGDEF/EAL response regulator in Pseudomonas putida, is transcriptionally regulated by RpoS, ANR and FleQ, and the functionality of CfcR as a diguanylate cyclase requires the multisensor CHASE3/GAF hybrid histidine kinase named CfcA. Here an additional level of cfcR control, operating post-transcriptionally via the RNA-binding proteins RsmA, RsmE and RsmI, is unraveled. Specific binding of the three proteins to an Rsm binding motif (5'CANGGANG3') encompassing the translational start codon of cfcR was confirmed...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674000/genome-wide-screen-for-genes-involved-in-edna-release-during-biofilm-formation-by-staphylococcus-aureus
#15
Alicia S DeFrancesco, Nadezda Masloboeva, Adnan K Syed, Aaron DeLoughery, Niels Bradshaw, Gene-Wei Li, Michael S Gilmore, Suzanne Walker, Richard Losick
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of both nosocomial and community-acquired infection. Biofilm formation at the site of infection reduces antimicrobial susceptibility and can lead to chronic infection. During biofilm formation, a subset of cells liberate cytoplasmic proteins and DNA, which are repurposed to form the extracellular matrix that binds the remaining cells together in large clusters. Using a strain that forms robust biofilms in vitro during growth under glucose supplementation, we carried out a genome-wide screen for genes involved in the release of extracellular DNA (eDNA)...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671535/comparative-analysis-of-the-genomes-of-clinical-isolates-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-hominissuis-regarding-virulence-related-genes
#16
Brendan Jeffrey, Sasha J Rose, Kerrigan Gilbert, Matthew Lewis, Luiz E Bermudez
PURPOSE: Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is a member of the M. avium complex, a heterogeneous group of bacteria that cause lung infection in immunocompetent patients or disseminated infection in patients with immunosuppression. The bacteria belonging to this complex have variable virulence, depending on the strain considered, and therefore a representative of the most common clinical phenotype was analysed. METHODOLOGY: The genomic sequences of four M. avium subsp...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670299/detection-of-diverse-n-acyl-homoserine-lactones-in-vibrio-alginolyticus-and-regulation-of-biofilm-formation-by-n-3-oxodecanoyl-homoserine-lactone-in-vitro
#17
Jianfei Liu, Kaifei Fu, Yuxiao Wang, Chenglin Wu, Fei Li, Lei Shi, Yinlin Ge, Lijun Zhou
Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to-cell communication system based on the exchange of small intercellular signal molecules, such as N-Acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs), which act as cell-density mediators of QS gene expression, and are highly variable both in types and amounts in most Gram-negative Proteobacteria. Understanding the regulation of AHLs may contribute to the elucidation of cell density-dependent phenomena, such as biofilm formation. Vibrio alginolyticus is among the most frequently observed marine opportunistic Vibrio pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667248/suppression-of-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-6-integrin-expression-by-polymicrobial-oral-biofilms-in-gingival-epithelial-cells
#18
Jiarui Bi, Leeni Koivisto, Aihui Pang, Ming Li, Guoqiao Jiang, Saljae Aurora, Zhejun Wang, Gethin R Owen, Jiayin Dai, Ya Shen, Daniel Grenier, Markus Haapasalo, Lari Häkkinen, Hannu Larjava
Periodontal diseases manifest by the formation of deep pockets between the gingiva and teeth where multispecies bacterial biofilms flourish, causing inflammation and bone loss. Epithelial cell receptor αvβ6 integrin that regulates inflammation by activating the anti-inflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor-β1, is highly expressed in healthy junctional epithelium that connects the gingiva to the tooth enamel. However, its expression is attenuated in human periodontal disease. Moreover, Itgb6 (-/-) mice display increased periodontal inflammation compared to wild-type mice...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666130/tracking-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-meat-establishment-using-whole-genome-sequencing-as-a-food-safety-management-tool-a-proof-of-concept
#19
Ivan Nastasijevic, Dubravka Milanov, Branko Velebit, Vesna Djordjevic, Craig Swift, Anais Painset, Brankica Lakicevic
Repeated Listeria outbreaks particularly associated with Ready-To-Eat (RTE) delicatessen meat products have been reported annually at global level. The most frequent scenario that led to foodborne outbreaks was the post-thermal treatment cross-contamination of deli meat products during slicing and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). The precondition for such cross contamination is the previous introduction of Listeria into meat processing facilities and subsequent colonization of the production environment, associated with formation of biofilms resilient to common sanitation procedures regularly applied in meat establishments...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657579/self-sterilizing-sputtered-films-for-applications-in-hospital-facilities
#20
REVIEW
Sami Rtimi, Stefanos Giannakis, Cesar Pulgarin
This review addresses the preparation of antibacterial 2D textile and thin polymer films and 3D surfaces like catheters for applications in hospital and health care facilities. The sputtering of films applying different levels of energy led to the deposition of metal/oxide/composite/films showing differentiated antibacterial kinetics and surface microstructure. The optimization of the film composition in regards to the antibacterial active component was carried out in each case to attain the fastest antibacterial kinetics, since this is essential when designing films avoiding biofilm formation (under light and in the dark)...
June 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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