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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884471/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-and-hexa-brominated-biphenyls-hexa-bbs-in-fresh-foods-ingested-in-taiwan
#1
Jung-Wei Chang, Chung-Feng Hung, Ya-Chen Hsu, Yi-Ting Kao, Ching-Chang Lee
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexa-brominated biphenyls (Hexa-BBs) are bioaccumulative and aggregate in the food chain. Therefore, background monitoring and risk assessment for dietary intake are necessary. In present study, a systematic sampling method was first used to collect the high fat content foodstuff such as poultry, livestock, eggs, fish, other seafood, dairy products, and the infant foods and then foodstuff with high consumption in seven categories of 600 food samples. After integrating four years of background surveys of PBDE levels (2010-2013) and one year of that of Hexa-BBs (2013), the highest estimated daily intake (EDI) of PBDEs for Taiwanese food consumption was found in 0- to 3-year-olds (mean = 9...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#2
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878486/assessment-of-questionnaire-based-pcb-exposure-focused-on-food-frequency-in-birth-cohorts-in-japan
#3
Akifumi Eguchi, Masae Otake, Masamichi Hanazato, Norimichi Suzuki, Yoshiharu Matsuno, Hiroko Nakaoka, Emiko Todaka, Chisato Mori
We investigated the relationship between food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) responses and serum polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) levels of mothers and fathers recruited from the Chiba Regional Center, which is one of the 15 regional centers of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (mothers: n = 1477, fathers: n = 219). The expected PCB values were estimated from the participants' FFQ answers and medical records (age, body mass index and number of deliveries). Based on the stepwise forward selection results of Bayesian regression models, age and fish and egg consumption were positively associated with PCB concentrations and a number of deliveries were negatively associated with PCB concentrations in mothers, whereas only age was positively associated with PCB concentrations in fathers...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870856/dietary-intake-influences-adult-fertility-and-offspring-fitness-in-zebrafish
#4
Trent Newman, Noel Jhinku, Michael Meier, Julia Horsfield
The burden of malnutrition, including both over- and undernutrition, is a major public health concern. Here we used a zebrafish model of diet-induced obesity to analyze the impact of dietary intake on fertility and the phenotype of the next generation. Over an eight-week period, one group received 60 mg of food each day (60 mg arm), while another received 5 mg (5 mg arm). At the end of the diet, the body mass index of the 60 mg arm was 1.5 fold greater than the 5 mg arm. The intervention also had a marked impact on fertility; breeding success and egg production in the 60 mg arm were increased 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869663/dietary-protein-sources-and-incidence-of-breast-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#5
Jing Wu, Rong Zeng, Junpeng Huang, Xufeng Li, Jiren Zhang, James Chung-Man Ho, Yanfang Zheng
Protein is important to the human body, and different sources of protein may have different effects on the risk of breast cancer. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between different dietary protein sources and breast cancer risk. PubMed and several databases were searched until December 2015. Relevant articles were retrieved according to specific searching criteria. Forty-six prospective studies were included. The summary relative risk (RR) for highest versus lowest intake was 1...
November 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866829/lutein-and-zeaxanthin-supplied-by-red-orange-foods-and-fruits-are-more-closely-associated-with-macular-pigment-optical-density-than-those-from-green-vegetables-in-spanish-subjects
#6
Rocío Estévez-Santiago, Begoña Olmedilla-Alonso, Beatriz Beltrán-de-Miguel, Carmen Cuadrado-Vives
Lutein and zeaxanthin (L+Z) accumulate in the retina. Although vegetables are major contributors to their intake, a stronger association between fruits and macular pigment optical density (MPOD) has been reported. We hypothesized that L+Z intake from fruits would have a stronger association with L+Z status markers (MPOD, serum concentrations) than intake from vegetables or eggs, and that those associations would also differ according to plant foods color. One hundred eight subjects (57 men; age groups, 20-35 and 45-65 years) were enrolled in a cross-sectional study...
September 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862411/natural-and-artificial-hyperimmune-solutions-impact-on-health-in-puppies
#7
H Mila, A Grellet, C Mariani, A Feugier, B Guard, J Suchodolski, J Steiner, S Chastant-Maillard
Colostrum and milk are complex mammary secretions providing the puppy with many nutritional and immunological factors, which play a crucial role for its correct development and survival. In the case of colostrum and/or milk intake deficiency, puppies are at increased risk of infectious diseases. This work reviews the various nutritional hyperimmune supplementations proposed to provide a passive immune protection and to positively impact puppies' health. Some strategies rely on canine immunoglobulins: canine colostrum banking and canine serum/plasma supplementation...
November 15, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862403/egg-production-performance-egg-yolk-antioxidant-profile-and-excreta-concentration-of-corticosterone-in-golden-pheasants-chrysolophus-pictus-fed-diets-containing-different-levels-of-green-vegetables
#8
S S Kullu, A Das, S K Bajpai, A K Garg, R K Yogi, M Saini, A K Sharma
In order to study the effect of feeding graded levels of green vegetables on egg production performance and egg yolk antioxidant status, 27 female golden pheasants (GP) were randomly distributed into three groups of nine each in an experiment based on completely randomized design. The diets of the birds in groups T1 , T2 and T3 contained 1.4%, 2.7% and 5.0% of green vegetables respectively. Feeding of experimental diets started on 12th February (day 1) and was continued till 30 June 2012. Average number of eggs laid and egg mass produced by the hens in group T3 was higher (p < 0...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848027/different-effects-of-dietary-factors-on-reflux-esophagitis-and-non-erosive-reflux-disease-in-11-690-korean-subjects
#9
Su Youn Nam, Bum Joon Park, Yeong-Ah Cho, Kum Hei Ryu, Il Ju Choi, Sohee Park, Young-Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Although dietary factors seem to be associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, their effects on reflux esophagitis and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) are unclear. We evaluate dietary effects on NERD and reflux esophagitis. METHODS: A total of 11,690 health check-up persons completed questionnaires for reflux symptoms and 3-day recordings for dietary intake and underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy from 2004 to 2008. Multiple logistic regression with odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to evaluate the relationship of dietary components with NERD or reflux esophagitis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825943/perceptions-of-food-intake-and-weight-status-among-parents-of-picky-eating-infants-and-toddlers-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ziyi Li, Klazine van der Horst, Lisa R Edelson-Fries, Kai Yu, Lili You, Yumei Zhang, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Peiyu Wang, Defu Ma, Xiaoguang Yang, Liqiang Qin, Jiaji Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that children that are picky eaters may have a different and less varied diet than non-picky children, but the literature on picky eating in Chinese children is limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of picky eating in 6-35 month-old Chinese children, and to explore how parents' perceptions of picky eating relate to children's intake and body composition. METHODS: 1414 6-35 month-old infants and toddlers from 8 Chinese cities were included in this study...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818596/epidemiological-study-correlation-between-diet-habits-and-constipation-among-elderly-in-beijing-region
#11
Xiao-Jiao Yang, Mei Zhang, Hong-Ming Zhu, Zhe Tang, Dan-Dan Zhao, Bang-Yi Li, Amanda Gabriel
AIM: To investigate correlations between diet and prevalence of constipation among elderly people in Beijing. METHODS: A total of 2776 (≥ 60 years) were selected in Beijing region for investigation. Data regarding constipation and diet habits was collected via hierarchical status, segmentation and random cluster sampling. Investigation included constipation-related demographic indicators and diet habits. Door-to-door questionnaires and surveys included daily staple food intakes, frequency of fish, egg, fruits and vegetables consumption...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816933/effects-of-dynamic-feeding-low-and-high-methionine-diets-on-egg-quality-traits-in-laying-hens
#12
Y Liu, X Lin, X Zhou, D Wan, Z Wang, X Wu, Y Yin
This study was conducted to investigate effects of dynamic feeding low and high methionine (MET) diets on performance, egg quality traits, and serum metabolites in laying hens. A total of 180 laying hens (Brown Hy-line, 41 wk old) were allocated into 3 equal groups with 6 replicates each. The average egg production (EP) of each group was around 87% during one-week statistics before the formal experiment (P = 0.989). The control group (CON) received the control diet (contained 0.30% MET) at both 07:30 h and 15:30 hours...
November 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798333/intuitive-eating-dimensions-were-differently-associated-with-food-intake-in-the-general-population-based-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#13
Géraldine M Camilleri, Caroline Méjean, France Bellisle, Valentina A Andreeva, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg, Sandrine Péneau
BACKGROUND: Intuitive eating (IE) is characterized by eating in response to physiological hunger and satiety cues rather than emotional cues and not considering certain foods to be forbidden. Evidence supports an inverse association of IE with body mass index (BMI), but little is known about its association with food intake. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the relation between IE and food intake in a large sample from the general adult population. METHODS: A total of 9581 men and 31,955 women aged ≥18 y participating in the NutriNet-Santé cohort were included in this cross-sectional analysis...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794543/effect-of-different-protein-ingredients-on-performance-egg-quality-organ-health-and-jejunum-morphology-of-laying-hens
#14
X C Wang, H J Zhang, H Wang, H Y Yue, J Wang, S G Wu, G H Qi
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different protein ingredients on performance, egg quality, organ health, and jejunum morphology of laying hens. A total of 216 32-wk-old Hy-Line W36 laying hens with similar egg production was randomly divided into 3 treatment groups with 6 replicates of 12 birds each. The experimental diets were isocaloric (metabolizable energy, 2 655 kcal/kg) and isonitrogenous (crude protein, 16.5%). The control group was fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet (SBM), and the other 2 experimental diets consisted of a basal diet with 195...
October 28, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789747/effects-of-long-term-bacillus-subtilis-cgmcc-1-921-supplementation-on-performance-egg-quality-and-fecal-and-cecal-microbiota-of-laying-hens
#15
J R Guo, X F Dong, S Liu, J M Tong
This study evaluated the effects of long-term Bacillus subtilis CGMCC 1.921 supplementation on the performance, egg quality, and fecal/cecal microbiota of laying hens. A total of 360 28-week-old Hy-Line Brown laying hens were randomly allocated into 5 treatments with 6 replicates of 12 birds each for 24 weeks. The experimental treatments included a basal diet without additions (Con) and the basal diet supplemented with 1.0 × 10(5) (B1), 1.0 × 10(6) (B2), 1.0 × 10(7) (B3), and 1.0 × 10(8) (B4) cfu/g B. subtilis CGMCC 1...
October 27, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762672/transfer-of-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-from-various-herbs-to-eggs-and-meat-in-laying-hens
#16
Patrick P J Mulder, Susannah L de Witte, Geert M Stoopen, Jan van der Meulen, Piet G van Wikselaar, Erik Gruys, Maria J Groot, Ron L A P Hoogenboom
To investigate the potential transfer of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), laying hens were fed for 14 days with diets containing 0.5% of dried common ragwort, common groundsel, narrow-leaved ragwort or viper's bugloss, or 0.1% of common heliotrope. This resulted in total PA levels in feed of respectively 5.5, 11.1, 53.1, 5.9 and 21.7 mg kg(-)(1), with varying composition. PAs were transferred to eggs, in particular yolk, with steady-state levels of respectively 12, 21, 216, 2 and 36 µg kg(-)(1). Overall transfer rates for the sum of PAs were estimated between 0...
December 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754418/dietary-intake-of-athletes-seeking-nutrition-advice-at-a-major-international-competition
#17
Sarah J Burkhart, Fiona E Pelly
International travel and short-term residence overseas is now a common feature of an elite athlete's competition schedule, however, food choice away from home may be challenging and potentially impact on performance. Guidelines for dietary intake specific to competition exist for athletes, however, there is little evidence available to ascertain if athletes meet these recommendations during competition periods, particularly when food is provided in-house. During the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games, dietitians based in the dining hall recorded 24 h dietary recalls with all athletes who visited the nutrition kiosk...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744603/single-and-combined-impacts-of-vitamin-a-and-selenium-in-diet-on-productive-performance-egg-quality-and-some-blood-parameters-of-laying-hens-during-hot-season
#18
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Khalid Mahrose, Ali A Askar, Mahmoud Alagawany, Muhammad Arif, Muhammad Saeed, Farzana Abbasi, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Farman Ali Siyal, Maria Tabassum Chaudhry
A study was conducted using 162 Bovans laying hens to investigate the impacts of extra dietary vitamin A (0, 8000, 16,000 IU/kg), selenium (0, 0.25, 0.50 mg/kg), and their combinations on the performance, egg quality, and blood biological parameters of laying hens during summer months. Supplemental vitamin A up to 16,000 IU/kg diet significantly (P < 0.05) improved all productive traits studied except feed intake which increased with 8000 IU/kg diet compared with control. Feed intake and feed conversion of hens fed diet supplemented with selenium revealed high statistical (P = 0...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738118/egg-quality-in-laying-hens-exposed-to-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-f-strain-attenuated-vaccine
#19
L D S Machado, F F D Santos, C K Togashi, D L D C Abreu, J C Pimentel, L Sesti, V L D A Pereira, E R D Nascimento
Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes coughing, ocular and nasal discharge, reduction in feed intake, lower and uneven growth, decline in egg production and quality, and increase in mortality. Among the attenuated vaccination strains, MGF can reduce clinical signs and lesions in layer hens, stimulate immune responses of cellular and humoral basis, act as an instrument of competitive exclusion in relation to field strains, and reduce the use of antimicrobials. This study aimed to investigate the effects of attenuated MG F-strain vaccination on egg quality in 3 groups of 30 hens each, being one control and 2 vaccinated...
October 12, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722833/gastrointestinal-nematode-infection-does-not-affect-selection-of-tropical-foliage-by-goats-in-a-cafeteria-trial
#20
J Ventura-Cordero, P G González-Pech, P R Jaimez-Rodriguez, G I Ortíz-Ocampo, C A Sandoval-Castro, J F J Torres-Acosta
It is important to determine whether gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) affect foliage choice of goats leading to confirm the expression of a self-medication behavior. This study investigated the effect of GIN infection on tropical foliage selection by goats. During experimental stage 1 (10 days), goats had a natural mixed GIN infection, and at stage 2 (10 days), goats were treated with effective anthelmintics to maintain them free of GIN infection. During stage 1 the twelve adult goats (32 ± 2.3 kg live weight [LW]) were assigned to three groups (n = 4) according to their initial GIN infection status: HI group, with fecal egg count (FEC) between 1450 and 2150 eggs per g/feces (EPG); MI group, medium FEC (592-1167 EPG); and the NI group, free from GIN infection...
October 9, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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