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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102107/occupational-dietary-and-other-risk-factors-for-myelodysplastic-syndromes-in-western-greece
#1
Christina Avgerinou, Ioanna Giannezi, Stela Theodoropoulou, Vasileios Lazaris, Georgia Kolliopoulou, Panagiotis Zikos, Yannis Alamanos, Michalis Leotsinidis, Argiris Symeonidis
PURPOSE: We have observed an increasing incidence of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) in the geographic area of Western Greece during the past two decades. The objective of this study was to investigate potential risk factors for the manifestation of MDS in this area of Greece. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in the public hospitals of the region. Participants were interviewed based on a questionnaire regarding demographics, occupational exposures, smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary, and domestic factors...
January 19, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101114/dietary-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-serum-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-levels-in-pregnant-women-in-tehran
#2
Bita Eslami, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Kazem Naddafi, Noushin Rastkari, Abolghasem Djazayeri, Hossein Malekafzali
Objective: To determine the levels of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Polybrominateddiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in serum of primiparous women at the third trimester of pregnancy and identify the main determinants of POPs levels such as socio-demographic, lifestyle, and diet in Tehran. Materials and methods: One- hundred eighty five serum samples from two simultaneous case-control studies were collected from September 2013 until August 2015.Ten most abundant PCB congeners (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) congeners 28, 52, 74, 99, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180 and 187) as well as eight PBDE congeners (IUPAC congeners 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183 and 209)were analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100278/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-undernutrition-among-schoolchildren-in-the-plateau-central-and-centre-ouest-regions-of-burkina-faso
#3
Séverine Erismann, Astrid M Knoblauch, Serge Diagbouga, Peter Odermatt, Jana Gerold, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Boubacar Savadogo, Christian Schindler, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors determine children's nutritional status, including energy and nutrient intake, recurrent infectious diseases, access (or lack thereof) to clean water and improved sanitation, and hygiene practices, among others. The "Vegetables go to School: improving nutrition through agricultural diversification" (VgtS) project implements an integrated school garden programme in five countries, including Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undernutrition and its risk factors among schoolchildren in Burkina Faso before the start of the project...
January 19, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096625/the-effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-salts-of-organic-acid-on-production-performance-of-laying-hens
#4
Ravinder Dahiya, Raj Singh Berwal, Sajjan Sihag, Chandrashekhar Santosh Patil, Lalit
AIM: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementing different levels of salts of organic acid in the laying hen's diet on their production performance and egg quality parameters during a period of 16-week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 white leghorn laying hens at 24 weeks of age were randomly distributed to seven dietary treatment groups, i.e. T1 (control), T2 (0.5% sodium-butyrate), T3 (1.0% sodium-butyrate), T4 (1.5% sodium-butyrate), T5 (0...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094058/association-between-dietary-patterns-cadmium-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults
#5
Zumin Shi, Anne W Taylor, Malcolm Riley, Julie Byles, Jianghong Liu, Manny Noakes
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Almost one in ten Chinese adults has chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the link between dietary patterns, dietary cadmium intake and CKD has not been studied in China. METHOD: Adults (n = 8429) in the China Health and Nutrition Survey who had at least one 3-day 24 h food record in combination with household food inventory in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009 and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) measured in 2009. Dietary pattern was identified using factor analysis...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091798/intake-of-up-to-3-eggs-day-increases-hdl-cholesterol-and-plasma-choline-while-plasma-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-unchanged-in-a-healthy-population
#6
Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Bruno S Lemos, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs are a source of cholesterol and choline and may impact plasma lipids and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations, which are biomarkers for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Therefore, the effects of increasing egg intake (0, 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day) on these and other CVD risk biomarkers were evaluated in a young, healthy population. Thirty-eight subjects [19 men/19 women, 24.1 ± 2.2 years, body mass index (BMI) 24.3 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)] participated in this 14-week crossover intervention. Participants underwent a 2-week washout with no egg consumption, followed by intake of 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day for 4 weeks each...
January 13, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091678/pepsin-egg-white-hydrolysate-modulates-gut-microbiota-in-zucker-obese-rats
#7
Teresa Requena, Marta Miguel, Marta Garcés-Rimón, M Carmen Martínez-Cuesta, Rosina López-Fandiño, Carmen Peláez
There is limited information that relates the intake of food-derived bioactive peptides and the gut microbiota. We have previously described a pepsin hydrolysate of egg white (EWH) that ameliorates fat accumulation and dyslipidemia, while reducing oxidative stress and inflammation markers in obese Zucker rats. The aim of this study was to associate the beneficial effects of EWH with gut microbiota changes in these animals. Obese Zucker rats received daily 750 mg kg(-1) EWH in drinking water for 12 weeks and faeces were analysed for microbial composition and metabolic compounds in comparison with Zucker lean rats and obese controls...
January 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091281/satiety-and-memory-enhancing-effects-of-a-high-protein-meal-depend-on-the-source-of-protein
#8
Kristy Du, Edward Markus, Mariel Fecych, Justin S Rhodes, J Lee Beverly
OBJECTIVE: High- protein diets have become increasingly popular with various touted benefits. However, the extent to which protein quantity and source affects cognitive functioning through altering postprandial amino acid profiles has not been investigated. Further, whether all protein sources are similarly anorexigenic is uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of protein level and source on Barnes maze performance, satiety and plasma amino acid levels in male Sprague-Dawley rats...
January 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077734/intake-of-up-to-3-eggs-per-day-is-associated-with-changes-in-hdl-function-and-increased-plasma-antioxidants-in-healthy-young-adults
#9
Diana M DiMarco, Gregory H Norris, Courtney L Millar, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
BACKGROUND: HDL function may be more important than HDL concentration in determining risk for cardiovascular disease. In addition, HDL is a carrier of carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes, which protect HDL and LDL particles against oxidation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of consuming 0-3 eggs/d on LDL and HDL particle size, HDL function, and plasma antioxidants in a young, healthy population. METHODS: Thirty-eight healthy men and women [age 18-30 y, body mass index (in kg/m(2)) 18...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065633/micronutrient-intake-is-inadequate-for-a-sample-of-pregnant-african-american-women
#10
Susan W Groth, Patricia A Stewart, Deborah J Ossip, Robert C Block, Nellie Wixom, I Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient intake is critical for fetal development and positive pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about the adequacy of micronutrient intake in pregnant African-American women. OBJECTIVE: To describe nutrient sufficiency and top food groups contributing to dietary intake of select micronutrients in low-income pregnant African-American women and determine whether micronutrient intake varies with early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and/or gestational weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057911/guanosine-5-monophosphate-chelated-calcium-and-iron-feed-additives-maintains-egg-production-and-prevents-salmonella-gallinarum-in-experimentally-infected-layers
#11
Hye-Ji Noh, HeeKyong Kim, Su Jeong Heo, Hyang Hyun Cho, Hong Bum Koh
We evaluated the effects of guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) -chelated calcium and iron (CaFe-GMP) on the health and egg quality in layers experimentally infected with Salmonella Gallinarum. In this study, CaFe-GMP feed additives was fed with commercial layer feed to layer over four weeks and all were inoculated with Salmonella Gallinarum. Body weight, mortality, clinical symptoms, and poultry production including feed intake, egg production, egg loss, and feed conversion rate were observed and Salmonella Gallinarum was re-isolated from the liver, spleen, and cecum of the layers...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053173/the-indicator-amino-acid-oxidation-method-with-the-use-of-l-1-13c-leucine-suggests-a-higher-than-currently-recommended-protein-requirement-in-children-with-phenylketonuria
#12
Abrar Turki, Keiko Ueda, Barbara Cheng, Alette Giezen, Ramona Salvarinova, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Rajavel Elango
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria is characterized by mutations in the Phe hydroxylase gene that leads to the accumulation of Phe in plasma and the brain. The standard of care for phenylketonuria is nutritional management with dietary restriction of Phe and the provision of sufficient protein and energy for growth and health maintenance. The protein requirement in children with phenylketonuria is empirically determined based upon phenylketonuria nutritional guidelines that are adjusted individually in response to biochemical markers and growth...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052883/association-of-dietary-cholesterol-and-egg-intakes-with-the-risk-of-incident-dementia-or-alzheimer-disease-the-kuopio-ischaemic-heart-disease-risk-factor-study
#13
Maija Pt Ylilauri, Sari Voutilainen, Eija Lönnroos, Jaakko Mursu, Heli Ek Virtanen, Timo T Koskinen, Jukka T Salonen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Jyrki K Virtanen
BACKGROUND: There is little information about the associations of intakes of cholesterol and eggs, a major source of dietary cholesterol, with the risk of cognitive decline in general populations or in carriers of apolipoprotein E ɛ4 (APO-E4), a major risk factor for dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations of cholesterol and egg intakes with incident dementia, Alzheimer disease (AD), and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older men from Eastern Finland...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049193/safety-and-efficacy-of-low-dose-oral-immunotherapy-for-hen-s-egg-allergy-in-children
#14
Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Tomoyuki Asaumi, Kenichi Nagakura, Kiyotake Ogura, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: The minimal dose for oral immunotherapy (OIT) tolerance is unknown. We investigated the efficacy and safety of low-dose OIT with 1/32 of the volume of a whole egg. METHODS: Thirty-three children (aged ≥5 years) with egg allergies confirmed by oral food challenge against 1/32 of a heated whole egg (194 mg of egg protein) were enrolled. The OIT group ingested a scrambled egg once a day. The volume was gradually increased up to a maximum of 1/32 of a heated whole egg...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048961/resource-availability-drives-mating-role-selection-in-a-simultaneous-hermaphrodite-aplysia-californica
#15
Kyle T David, Phillip Tanabe, Lynne A Fieber
In simultaneous hermaphrodites, a clear conflict exists between sperm donor and sperm recipient roles, and how such conflict is mediated remains up for debate. This study observed and recorded mating role selection as a function of resource availability in the simultaneous hermaphrodite Aplysia californica. When food was plentiful, animals assumed both sperm donor and recipient roles at relatively even frequency. However, when half of the mating pairs were placed on restricted diets, food-limited animals assumed the sperm donor role at significantly (P < 0...
December 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045927/synbiotics-for-broiler-chickens-in-vitro-design-and-evaluation-of-the-influence-on-host-and-selected-microbiota-populations-following-in-ovo-delivery
#16
Aleksandra Dunislawska, Anna Slawinska, Katarzyna Stadnicka, Marek Bednarczyk, Piotr Gulewicz, Damian Jozefiak, Maria Siwek
Synbiotics are synergistic combinations of prebiotics and probiotics. In chickens, synbiotics can be delivered in ovo to expedite colonization of the gut by beneficial bacteria. We therefore aimed to design synbiotics in vitro and validate them in broiler chickens upon in ovo delivery. The probiotic components of the synbiotics were Lactobacillus salivarius and Lactobacillus plantarum. Their growth was assessed in MRS medium supplemented with different prebiotics. Based on in vitro results (hatchability and growth curve), two synbiotics were designed: S1 -Lactobacillus salivarius with galactooligosaccarides (GOS) and S2 -Lactobacillus plantarum with raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042413/association-between-nutritional-status-with-spontaneous-abortion
#17
Rahimeh Ahmadi, Saeideh Ziaei, Sosan Parsay
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035342/reproduction-regulates-drosophila-nutrient-intake-through-independent-effects-of-egg-production-and-sex-peptide-implications-for-aging
#18
Elizabeth Bowman, Marc Tatar
BACKGROUND: The ratio of protein to carbohydrate (P:C) consumed influences reproduction and lifespan, outcomes that are often maximized by different P:C intake. OBJECTIVE: Determine if reproduction in female Drosophila drives elevated P:C intake. Distinguish whether such a preference is driven by egg production or from male-derived sex peptides in seminal fluid. METHODS: Intake of protein and carbohydrate was measured in a diet-choice assay. Macronutrient intake was calculated for mated and unmated fertile females, mated and unmated sterile females, and both types of female when mated to wildtype males and to males lacking sex peptide...
October 27, 2016: Nutr Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990172/nutritional-modulation-of-endogenous-glucagon-like-peptide-1-secretion-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Alexandra M Bodnaruc, Denis Prud'homme, Rosanne Blanchet, Isabelle Giroux
BACKGROUND: The positive influences of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on blood glucose homeostasis, appetite sensations, and food intake provide a strong rationale for its therapeutic potential in the nutritional management of obesity and type 2 diabetes. AIM: To summarize GLP-1 physiology and the nutritional modulation of its secretion in the context of obesity and type 2 diabetes management. FINDINGS: GLP-1 is mainly synthesized and secreted by enteroendocrine L-cells of the gastrointestinal tract...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968878/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-a-population-based-case-control-study
#20
Shurong Lu, Xingyu Huang, Hao Yu, Jie Yang, Renqiang Han, Jian Su, Wencong Du, Jinyi Zhou, Xiaojin Yu, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of breast cancer has markedly increased in recent years in China, yet the association of breast cancer with dietary patterns such as a Chinese traditional diet has not been studied. We aimed to examine this association among women from the Jiangsu Province of China. METHODS: In this case-control study, we used the data from local population-based cancer registry agency to recruit newly diagnosed patients with primary breast cancer as cases...
October 2016: Lancet
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