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Egg intake

Patrick P J Mulder, Susannah L de Witte, Geert M Stoopen, Jan van der Meulen, Piet G van Wikselaar, Erik Gruys, Maria J Groot, Ron L A P Hoogenboom
To investigate the potential transfer of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), laying hens were fed for 14 days with diets containing 0.5% of dried common ragwort, common groundsel, narrow-leaved ragwort or viper's bugloss, or 0.1% of common heliotrope. This resulted in total PA levels in feed of respectively 5.5, 11.1, 53.1, 5.9 and 21.7 mg kg(-)(1), with varying composition. PAs were transferred to eggs, in particular yolk, with steady-state levels of respectively 12, 21, 216, 2 and 36 µg kg(-)(1). Overall transfer rates for the sum of PAs were estimated between 0...
October 20, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Sarah J Burkhart, Fiona E Pelly
International travel and short-term residence overseas is now a common feature of an elite athlete's competition schedule, however, food choice away from home may be challenging and potentially impact on performance. Guidelines for dietary intake specific to competition exist for athletes, however, there is little evidence available to ascertain if athletes meet these recommendations during competition periods, particularly when food is provided in-house. During the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games, dietitians based in the dining hall recorded 24 h dietary recalls with all athletes who visited the nutrition kiosk...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Khalid Mahrose, Ali A Askar, Mahmoud Alagawany, Muhammad Arif, Muhammad Saeed, Farzana Abbasi, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Farman Ali Siyal, Maria Tabassum Chaudhry
A study was conducted using 162 Bovans laying hens to investigate the impacts of extra dietary vitamin A (0, 8000, 16,000 IU/kg), selenium (0, 0.25, 0.50 mg/kg), and their combinations on the performance, egg quality, and blood biological parameters of laying hens during summer months. Supplemental vitamin A up to 16,000 IU/kg diet significantly (P < 0.05) improved all productive traits studied except feed intake which increased with 8000 IU/kg diet compared with control. Feed intake and feed conversion of hens fed diet supplemented with selenium revealed high statistical (P = 0...
October 15, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
L D S Machado, F F D Santos, C K Togashi, D L D C Abreu, J C Pimentel, L Sesti, V L D A Pereira, E R D Nascimento
Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes coughing, ocular and nasal discharge, reduction in feed intake, lower and uneven growth, decline in egg production and quality, and increase in mortality. Among the attenuated vaccination strains, MGF can reduce clinical signs and lesions in layer hens, stimulate immune responses of cellular and humoral basis, act as an instrument of competitive exclusion in relation to field strains, and reduce the use of antimicrobials. This study aimed to investigate the effects of attenuated MG F-strain vaccination on egg quality in 3 groups of 30 hens each, being one control and 2 vaccinated...
October 12, 2016: Poultry Science
J Ventura-Cordero, P G González-Pech, P R Jaimez-Rodriguez, G I Ortíz-Ocampo, C A Sandoval-Castro, J F J Torres-Acosta
It is important to determine whether gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) affect foliage choice of goats leading to confirm the expression of a self-medication behavior. This study investigated the effect of GIN infection on tropical foliage selection by goats. During experimental stage 1 (10 days), goats had a natural mixed GIN infection, and at stage 2 (10 days), goats were treated with effective anthelmintics to maintain them free of GIN infection. During stage 1 the twelve adult goats (32 ± 2.3 kg live weight [LW]) were assigned to three groups (n = 4) according to their initial GIN infection status: HI group, with fecal egg count (FEC) between 1450 and 2150 eggs per g/feces (EPG); MI group, medium FEC (592-1167 EPG); and the NI group, free from GIN infection...
October 9, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Dominik D Alexander, Paula E Miller, Ashley J Vargas, Douglas L Weed, Sarah S Cohen
The possible relationship between dietary cholesterol and cardiac outcomes has been scrutinized for decades. However, recent reviews of the literature have suggested that dietary cholesterol is not a nutrient of concern. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of egg intake (a significant contributor to dietary cholesterol) and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. A comprehensive literature search was conducted through August 2015 to identify prospective cohort studies that reported risk estimates for egg consumption in association with CHD or stroke...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Pamela Durán, Edda Siñani, Stéphanie Depickère
For a long time, haematophagy was considered an obligate condition for triatomines (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) to complete their life cycle. Today, the ability to use haemolymphagy is suggested to represent an important survival strategy for some species, especially those in genus Belminus. As Eratyrus mucronatus and Triatoma boliviana are found with cockroaches in the Blaberinae subfamily in Bolivia, their developmental cycle from egg to adult under a "cockroach diet" was studied. The results suggested that having only cockroach haemolymph as a food source compromised development cycle completion in both species...
October 3, 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Kyoungok Yoo, Jinah Cho, Sunyung Ly
Vitamin D is important for maintaining bone health and may prevent various diseases (i.e., cardiovascular disease and cancer). The aim of this study was to estimate vitamin D intakes of Korean adults using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2009) data and a newly established vitamin D database. KNHANES (2009) participants (n = 4541; 2021 men; 2520 women) aged ≥20 years were included. Dietary vitamin D intake, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), and the relationship between vitamin D intake and serum 25(OH)D were evaluated...
2016: Nutrients
Yukyung Go, Minsung Chung, Yongsoon Park
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a common subtype of breast cancer among women with dense breasts and is associated with a poor prognosis. Diet is a modifiable risk factor for breast cancer, but the association between the risk of TNBC and diet has not been studied. The present study investigated the hypothesis that a healthy dietary pattern was negatively associated with risk of TNBC in women with dense breasts (density types 3 and 4). After total mastectomy or breast conserving surgery, patients with TNBC (n = 38) and non-TNBC (n = 178) were recruited...
September 28, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Tiffany K Gill, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
Studies on the association between dietary patterns and bone mineral density (BMD) have reported inconsistent findings. Data from the North West Adelaide Health Study, a population-based cohort study undertaken in Australia, were used to assess this association among adults aged 50 years and above. In this specific study, 1182 adults (545 males, 45·9 %) had dietary data collected using a FFQ and also had BMD measurements taken using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Factor analysis with principal component method was applied to ascertain dietary patterns...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Anita J Massé, Jorgelina R Muscatello, Natacha S Hogan, David M Janz
Selenium (Se) is a developmental toxicant that is also capable of altering the bioenergetic and endocrine status of adult fishes. To date, aquatic ecotoxicological research has predominantly focused on the toxic effects of Se in fishes with minimal information related to amphibians. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential toxicity associated with chronically elevated dietary Se consumption in adult female amphibians utilizing the model species Xenopus laevis. Adult X. laevis females were fed a diet augmented with L-selenomethionine at measured concentrations of 0...
September 26, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Rhoda N Ndanuko, Linda C Tapsell, Karen E Charlton, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham
BACKGROUND: Dietary pattern analysis provides important evidence revealing diet-disease relationships. It may be especially useful in areas less well researched, such as diet and hypertension in clinical populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the association between dietary patterns and blood pressure (BP) in a sample of overweight adults volunteering for a clinical trial for weight loss. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis used baseline data from the HealthTrack study, a 12-month randomized controlled trial...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Giuseppe Maiorano, Katarzyna Stadnicka, Siria Tavaniello, Cinzia Abiuso, Joanna Bogucka, Marek Bednarczyk
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of in ovo injection of 2 different prebiotics, DiNovo (DN; Laminaria spp., extract containing laminarin and fucoidan) and Bi(2)tos (BI; non-digestive trans-galactooligosaccharides from milk lactose digested with Bifidobacterium bifidum NCIMB 41171), on growth, slaughter traits, intramuscular fat percentage (IF) and muscle fiber diameter, and lipid oxidation of meat in chickens reared under commercial conditions, following an in ovo trial protocol. On d 12 of embryonic incubation, 350,560 Ross 308 eggs were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups and automatically injected in ovo with: physiological saline (control group), BI at dose of 3...
September 23, 2016: Poultry Science
Youssef A Attia, Abd El-Hamid E Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A Abedalla, Marfat A Berika, Mohammed A Al-Harthi, Osman Kucuk, Kazim Sahin, Baha M Abou-Shehema
Heat stress had a negative effect on laying hens' performance, thus this research was to study the influences of betaine (Bet, 1000 mg/kg betaine), vitamin C (VC, 200 mg/kg ascorbic acid), and vitamin E (VE, 150 mg/kg α-Tocopherol acetate) and their possible combinations on egg production, digestibility of nutrients, plasma hormones and reproductive organs of dual-purpose hens exposed to chronic heat stress. Two hundred and eighty eight hens and thirty-six cocks from 32 to 48 weeks of age were divided into nine treatment groups of four replicates, each containing eight hens and one cock...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kathryn M Wilson, Lorelei A Mucci, Bettina F Drake, Mark A Preston, Meir J Stampfer, Edward L Giovannucci, Adam S Kibel
Little information exists on diet and prostate cancer progression. We examined the association between intakes of total red meat, processed and unprocessed red meat, poultry, fish, and eggs and prostate cancer recurrence. We conducted a prospective study of 971 men treated with radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer between 2003-2010. Men completed a food frequency questionnaire at diagnosis. We used logistic regression to study the association between diet and high grade or advanced stage disease. We used Cox models to study the risk of progression (N=94 events, mainly PSA recurrence)...
September 20, 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Fanny Ruhland, Julien Pétillon, Marie Trabalon
Many arachnids like other terrestrial arthropods, provide extensive maternal care. Few studies have quantified the underlying physiological costs of maternal care. We investigated how maternal care affects the free-moving wolf spider's (Pardosa saltans) energy requirements. We described in detail their basic reproduction biology (i.e. carrying cocoon and young) and we evaluated the variation in the females' energy reserves during maternal care. Our results show that mothers guard eggs until hatching and then guard their spiderlings for 27-30 more days...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
Noushin Mohammadifard, Ali Reza Khosravi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Awat Feizi, Zahra Abdollahi, Forouzan Salehi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: The 24-hour urine sodium excretion is considered the gold standard method to estimate salt intake. However, since this method is not easy to perform, this study developed two instruments, including a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and one spot urine sodium excretion, to assess sodium intake. These two methods were then compared with 24-h urine sodium excretion and twelve 24-h recalls during a year. METHODS: This study was performed on 219 healthy subjects aged ≥ 6 years in 2014-2015...
September 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Haitao Shen, Rongfa Guan, Gangqiang Ding, Qing Chen, Xiaoming Lou, Zhijian Chen, Lei Zhang, Mingluan Xing, Jianlong Han, Yongning Wu
In this study, we measured the levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in 620 foods collected during 2006-2015 from Zhejiang market, a municipal waste incinerator (MWI) and E-waste disassembling areas. For market retail foods, the levels of PCDD/F TEQs, PCDD/F plus dioxin-like PCB (DL-PCB) TEQs, and the concentrations of six indicator PCBs were generally below the EU ML. The average TEQ values for the 13 food groups were 42% of EU ML for PCDD/Fs and 32% for PCDD/Fs+DL-PCBs...
September 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Michal Anděl, Ludmila Brunerová, Pavel Dlouhý, Jan Polák, Jan Gojda, Pavel Kraml
UNLABELLED: Recently, thousands of papers brought knowledge about effects of nutrients on cellular level, in experimental animals and in human experiments on one side, the results of epidemiological studies on the other side have suggested the nutrients and foods for healthy diet and nutrients and foods, which should be consumed only in limited amount. Among foods, which should be avoided, those with higher content of trans-fatty acids. Their daily intake should not exceed 1 % of total energy intake...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Stephen J Pandol, Jacqueline Porcel, Pengxiao C Wei, Lynne R Wilkens, Loïc Le Marchand, Malcolm C Pike, Kristine R Monroe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Pancreatitis is a source of substantial morbidity and health cost in the United States. Little is known about how diet might contribute to its pathogenesis. To characterize dietary factors that are associated with risk of pancreatitis by disease subtype, we conducted a prospective analysis of 145,886 African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites in the Multiethnic Cohort. METHODS: In the Multiethnic Cohort (age at baseline, 45-75 y), we identified cases of pancreatitis using hospitalization claim files from 1993 through 2012...
September 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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