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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#1
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910945/-nested-case-control-study-on-associated-factors-for-anemia-during-pregnancy
#2
C L Fan, J Y Luo, W J Gong, X Q Liu, S J Zhou, F F Zhang, J Zeng, H X Li, N Feng
Objective: To explore the related factors of anemia during pregnancy and provide scientific evidence for the primary prevention of anemia during pregnancy. Methods: The pregnant women (≤12 pregnant weeks) who received the first pregnancy care in a local medical institution in Hunan province from June 2013 to November 2014 were included in this cohort study, and for them anemia had been excluded by physical examination. Baseline survey and follow up till childbirth were conducted for them. A queue-based nested case-control study (1 ∶ 2) was conducted (380 pregnant women with anemia detected in this study as case group, 760 pregnant women without anemia randomly selected and matched by age, habitual residence during pregnancy as control group...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889029/veterinary-antibiotics-in-food-drinking-water-and-the-urine-of-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#3
Na Li, Keith W K Ho, Guang-Guo Ying, Wen-Jing Deng
Due to the harmful effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) residues in food on children's health, urine samples from 31 preschool and primary school children were analyzed for 13 common VAs. Samples of raw and cooked pork, chicken, fish, milk and drinking water from the children's living areas were also analyzed for residual VAs. Urinalysis revealed one to four target antibiotics in 77.4% of the sample group, with concentrations as high as 0.36ng/mL. Norfloxacin and penicillin had the highest detection rates (48...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888600/effects-of-egg-yolk-inclusion-milk-replacer-feeding-rate-and-low-starch-pelleted-or-high-starch-texturized-starter-on-holstein-calf-performance-through-4-months-of-age
#4
T S Dennis, F X Suarez-Mena, T M Hill, J D Quigley, R L Schlotterbeck
The objectives of this research were to evaluate milk replacer (MR) feeding rates, alternative protein and fat sources in MR, and calf starter starch concentration and their effects on calf performance to 4 mo of age. Male Holstein calves (42.6 ± 1.2 kg of body weight; n = 192) were assigned at 3 d of age to 1 of 8 treatments in a randomized complete block design with a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Factors tested from d 0 to 56 (nursery) were low or high MR feeding rates, 0 or 10% inclusion of spray-dried egg yolks in MR, and low- or high-starch calf starter...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885553/deviation-of-chinese-adults-diet-from-the-chinese-food-pagoda-2016-and-its-association-with-adiposity
#5
Xu Tian, Yingying Huang, Hui Wang
Changing diet in China contributes to a raising prevalence of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the dietary status of Chinese adults (20-59 years old) using the China Food Pagoda (CFP) proposed in the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2016 (CDG), and investigate the association between adiposity and deviation of real diet from CFP using an ordered logistic regression. Results showed that the consumption of fruits, eggs, meat, and poultry increased significantly during 2004-2011, while the consumption of cereal, potatoes, and beans dropped down significantly during the same period (all p < 0...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878172/dietary-protein-consumption-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#6
Shuang Tian, Qian Xu, Ruyue Jiang, Tianshu Han, Changhao Sun, Lixin Na
Recently, some studies have focused on the relationship between dietary protein intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the conclusions have been inconsistent. Therefore, in this paper, a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies regarding protein consumption and T2DM risk are conducted in order to present the association between them. We searched the PubMed and Embase databases for cohort studies on dietary protein, high-protein food consumption and risk of T2DM, up to July 2017...
September 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869909/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#7
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Only one Brazilian study has examined the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The current cross-sectional study examined this issue in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were 1744 pregnant women. Between April 2007 and March 2008, information under study was obtained. Dietary patterns were derived from a factor analysis of 33 predefined food groups based on a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856786/dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-levels-of-children-attending-australian-childcare-services
#8
Jannah Jones, Rebecca Wyse, John Wiggers, Sze L Yoong, Meghan Finch, Christophe Lecathelinais, Alison Fielding, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Jenna Hollis, Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to describe the dietary intake and physical activity levels of children while attending childcare. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 18 centre-based childcare services in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. Childcare service characteristics were assessed via telephone interview. Child dietary intake and physical activity levels were assessed during a one-day observation conducted at participating childcare services using previously validated tools...
August 30, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846645/vitamin-d-sufficiency-of-canadian-children-did-not-improve-following-the-2010-revision-of-the-dietary-guidelines-that-recommend-higher-intake-of-vitamin-d-an-analysis-of-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#9
Lalani L Munasinghe, Noreen D Willows, Yan Yuan, John Paul Ekwaru, Paul J Veugelers
In 2010, the dietary guidelines for vitamin D for Canadians and Americans aged 1-70 years were revised upward. It is unknown whether the vitamin D status of Canadian children improved after 2010. We compared the prevalence of vitamin D sufficiency (25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration of ≥50 nmol/L), 25(OH)D concentration and the frequency of consuming vitamin D-rich foods among children aged 6-18 years-old using data from the nationally representative 2007/2009 and 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Surveys...
August 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842196/gonadal-ecdysone-titers-are-modulated-by-protein-availability-but-do-not-impact-protein-appetite
#10
Zita Carvalho-Santos, Carlos Ribeiro
How animals survey internal nutrient availability to modulate specific appetites is currently largely unknown. Dietary proteins have a profound impact on the reproductive capacity and the selection of food sources in insects. When deprived of dietary proteins, insects stop producing eggs and develop strong protein appetites. In many adult insects, the ovaries are the site of synthesis of the ecdysone hormone. Therefore, an attractive hypothesis is that protein availability changes the gonadal production of ecdysone, which instructs the brain to increase its preference for yeast...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841164/dietary-cholesterol-in-the-elderly-chinese-population-an-analysis-of-cnhs-2010-2012
#11
Shao-Jie Pang, Shan-Shan Jia, Qing-Qing Man, Shuang Song, Yu-Qian Li, Peng-Kun Song, Wen-Hua Zhao, Jian Zhang
Dietary cholesterol intake increased dramatically over the past two decades in the elderly Chinese population. However, the nationwide dietary cholesterol intake and its related factors seldom been investigated. Based on data from 16,594 participants aged 60 years or older (49.0% male, 54.8% urban residents) from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNHS) 2010-2012, we aimed to describe the intake of cholesterol and major food contributions, as well as its association with serum cholesterol level and relationship with protein intake...
August 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835965/concentrations-of-estrogen-and-progesterone-in-breast-milk-and-their-relationship-with-the-mother-s-diet
#12
Mengqing Lu, Hailong Xiao, Kelei Li, Jiajing Jiang, Kejian Wu, Duo Li
The aim of the present study was to determine the concentrations of estradiol (E2), estriol (E3) and progesterone in breast milk over different lactation periods, and to assess their relationship with the mother's diet. Ninety-six breast milk samples as well as 24-hour dietary records from 32 lactating mothers were collected on day 1 (colostrum), day 14 (transitional milk) and day 42 (mature milk) after delivery in Hangzhou, China. The concentrations of E2, E3 and progesterone differed significantly through different periods of lactation (p < 0...
August 24, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828044/nutritional-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-north-west-households-in-iran-is-knowledge-likely-to-become-practice
#13
Sakineh Nouri Saeidlou, Fariba Babaei, Parvin Ayremlou
BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors have an important role in the incidence of non-communicable diseases and they are strong predictors of cardiovascular risk among adolescents. This study was conducted to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of urban and rural households towards the principles of nutrition in West Azerbaijan Province. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross sectional population based study was conducted among 455 urban and rural households. The sampling method at households' level in each area was the single stage cluster sampling...
December 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820445/choline-intake-and-its-food-sources-in-the-diet-of-romanian-kindergarten-children
#14
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816210/dietary-deficiency-of-vitamin-a-among-rural-children-a-community-based-survey-using-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#15
Shivali Suri, Dinesh Kumar, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: Overt vitamin A deficiency has been controlled in most parts of India, but prevalence of subclinical deficiency may still be high, which may enhance susceptibility to infections, reduce growth potential and also lead to higher mortality. We aimed to: (i) assess the consumption pattern of vitamin A-rich foods in children 1-5 years of age in rural Jammu; and (ii) estimate the dietary deficiency of vitamin A leading to risk of subclinical vitamin A deficiency in cluster- villages of the study area...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814309/performance-biochemical-and-haematological-responses-and-relative-organ-weights-of-laying-hens-fed-diets-supplemented-with-prebiotic-probiotic-and-synbiotic
#16
Shirley Gee Hoon Tang, Chin Chin Sieo, Kalavathy Ramasamy, Wan Zuhainis Saad, Hee Kum Wong, Yin Wan Ho
BACKGROUND: The increasing trend of ban on the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) across the globe in the poultry industry has led to a growing need for alternatives to AGPs. Prebiotic, probiotic and their combination as a synbiotic have been considered as potential alternatives. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a prebiotic (isomaltooligosaccharide, IMO), a probiotic (PrimaLac®), and their combination (synbiotic) on hen performance, biochemical and haematological responses, and relative organ weights from 20 to 52 weeks of age...
August 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811735/asian-american-dietary-sources-of-sodium-and-salt-behaviors-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups-nhanes-2011-2012
#17
Melanie J Firestone, Jeannette M Beasley, Simona C Kwon, Jiyoung Ahn, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi
OBJECTIVE: Asian Americans consume more sodium than other racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this analysis was to describe major sources of sodium intake to inform sodium reduction initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on adults (aged >18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012 with one 24-hour dietary recall were analyzed (n=5,076). Population proportions were calculated from "What We Eat in America" (WWEIA) food categories...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806584/transfer-of-tritium-into-laying-hen-s-meat-and-eggs-at-prolonged-intake-with-atmospheric-air-water-and-grass-meal
#18
Zh А Baigazinov, S N Lukashenko, S S Karatayev, А V Panitski, А S Mamyrbayeva, S А Baigazy, T Ye Kozhakhanov, L F Subbotina
Following a continuous intake of tritium (T) by laying hens' over a 55 day period, an increase of НТО concentration both in eggs and meat was observed over the first 2 weeks for intakes via inhalation and ingestion of water and grass meal. After this time, equilibrium of the T in these products occurred. It was found that when the intake of HTO is from water, air and grass meal, the ratio of its activity concentration in muscular tissue to that in eggs does not exceed 1, 4, and 6 respectively. The ratio of ОBТ concentration to that of НТО in the meat of hens (ОBТ/HTO) when intakes were from water, air and grass meal were 0...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802293/overall-nutrient-and-total-fat-intake-among-japanese-people-the-interlipid-study-japan
#19
Tatsuya Koyama, Katsushi Yoshita, Nagako Okuda, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Kiyomi Sakata, Akira Okayama, Hideaki Nakagawa, Naoko Miyagawa, Katsuyuki Miura, Queenie Chan, Paul Elliott, Jeremiah Stamler, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total fat intake is linked to the intake of other nutrients. Little data are available on the extent to which total fat affects diet quality in Japanese people. We investigated the relationship between total fat intake and other nutrient intake using INTERLIPID/ INTERMAP data on Japanese people living in Japan. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The participants included 371 men and 401 women with a healthy body mass index and between the ages of 40 and 59 from 4 population samples in Japan...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#20
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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