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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149368/dietary-guidance-for-lutein-consideration-for-intake-recommendations-is-scientifically-supported
#1
Katherine M Ranard, Sookyoung Jeon, Emily S Mohn, James C Griffiths, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll carotenoid found in egg yolks and many colorful fruits and vegetables, has gained public health interest for its putative role in visual performance and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) focus on preventing deficiency and toxicity, but there is a budding interest in establishing DRI-like guidelines for non-essential bioactives, like lutein, that promote optimal health and/or prevent chronic diseases...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145391/household-food-production-is-positively-associated-with-dietary-diversity-and-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-for-older-preschool-children-in-poorer-families-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-nepal
#2
Prajula Mulmi, William A Masters, Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Keith P West, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-sensitive interventions supporting enhanced household food production have potential to improve child dietary quality. However, heterogeneity in market access may cause systematic differences in program effectiveness depending on household wealth and child age. Identifying these effect modifiers can help development agencies specify and target their interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates mediating effects of household wealth and child age on links between farm production and child diets, as measured by production and intake of nutrient-dense food groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#3
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143376/evaluating-the-nutritional-value-of-date-pits-and-demonstrating-their-application-in-laying-hen-diets
#4
M H Salajegheh, M Yousef Elahi, M Salarmoini
This experiment was carried out to study the feeding value of ground date pits (DP) (Phoenix dactylifera L.) with and without enzyme supplementation on laying hens' performance. Apparent metabolizable energy value of DP was determined by the total collection method using 10 adult Leghorn cockerels. After that, a total number of 144 Lohmann 50-week-old LSL-Lite hens were randomly allocated into six groups consisting of four replicates of six birds, based on a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of the treatments...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141965/food-groups-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#5
REVIEW
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Violetta Andriolo, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation of the intakes of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the risk of hypertension. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically until June 2017 for prospective studies having quantitatively investigated the above-mentioned foods. We conducted meta-analysis on the highest compared with the lowest intake categories and linear and nonlinear dose-response meta-analyses to analyze the association...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137944/reproductive-factors-nutritional-status-and-serum-25-oh-d-levels-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#6
REVIEW
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Lakshmy R, Chander P Yadav, Ravindra M Pandey, Neha Sareen
The study was conducted with an objective to investigate the association between reproductive factors, nutritional status and serum 25(OH)D levels among women diagnosed with breast cancer (BC). A total of 200 women with BC attending a tertiary healthcare institute of Delhi, India matched with 200 healthy women for age (±2years) and socio economic status were included in the study. Data was collected on socio-demographic profile, reproductive factors, physical activity and dietary intake (24hour dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) using interviewer administered structured questionnaires and standard tools...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136660/predation-risk-affects-growth-and-reproduction-of-an-invasive-snail-and-its-lethal-effect-depends-on-prey-size
#7
Jing Guo, Pablo R Martín, Chunxia Zhang, Jia-En Zhang
The behavior of invasive species under predation risk has been studied extensively, but their growth and reproductive responses have rarely been investigated. We conducted experiments with juveniles and adults of the invasive freshwater snail Pomacea canaliculata, and we observed changes in growth and reproduction in response to predation risk from a caged predator (Trachemys scripta elegans). P. canaliculata produced eggs earlier in the presence of predators and injured conspecifics compared with the control group (no risk), although the total number of egg masses laid by per female was exceeded by that of the controls after 15 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130331/pasture-multi-enzymes-benzoic-acid-and-essential-oils-positively-influence-performance-intestinal-organ-weight-and-egg-quality-in-free-range-laying-hens
#8
Z Iqbal, J Roberts, R A Perez-Maldonado, F Goodarzi Boroojeni, R A Swick, I Ruhnke
1. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of range type, multi-enzymes applications and a combination of benzoic acid and essential oils on the productive performance, organ weight and egg quality of free-range laying hens. 2. Three hundred laying hens were evaluated for the short-term (6 weeks) and long-term (12 weeks) effects of range type (G = no pasture, P = pasture) and feed additives (T1 = control; T2 = betaglucanse/pectinase/protease; T3 = benzoic acid/essential oils). Body weight, feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), egg production (EP), and digestive organs weight and egg quality (EQ) were evaluated...
November 13, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126385/dilemma-between-health-and-environmental-motives-when-purchasing-animal-food-products-sociodemographic-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-consumers
#9
Sandrine Péneau, Philippine Fassier, Benjamin Allès, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines in France give quantitative recommendations for intake of meat, fish and dairy products whereas consumers are increasingly concerned by the environmental impacts associated with the production of these foods. This potentially leads to consumer dilemmas when purchasing food products. The present study aimed at investigating the sociodemographic profiles of individuals reporting health and environmental dilemmas when purchasing meat, fish and dairy products, and comparing diet quality of individuals with and without dilemma...
November 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117670/association-between-dietary-intake-and-postlaparoscopic-cholecystectomic-symptoms-in-patients-with-gallbladder-disease
#10
Yongju Shin, Dongho Choi, Kyeong Geun Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Yongsoon Park
Background/Aims: After cholecystectomy, patients have reported postcholecystectomic syndromes such as abdominal symptoms, dyspepsia, and diarrhea, which suggest a relationship between cholecystectomic symptoms and diet, although the details of this association remain unclear. The present study investigated the hypothesis that dietary intake of nutrients and foods was significantly associated with postcholecystectomic syndromes. Methods: Gallstone patients (n = 59) who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled, and dietary intake and clinical parameters were assessed immediately postcholecystectomy and 3 months later...
November 10, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102965/electroacupuncture-in-rats-infected-with-strongyloides-venezuelensis-effects-on-gastrointestinal-transit-and-parasitological-measurements
#11
Luana Dos Anjos-Ramos, Loyane Almeida Gama, Andrieli Taise Hauschildt, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara, Luciana Aparecida Corá, Madileine Francely Américo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and CV12 on gastrointestinal transit and parasitological measurements during Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in rats. DESIGN: Rats were infected with S. venezuelensis and allocated to one of three groups that were infected and remaineduntreated (SV group, n=8), infected and treated with EA at CV12 (SV+CV12 group, n=8) or infected and treated with EA at ST36 (SV+ST36 group, n=8). EA was performed every 3 days over a 21-day period, at 4 mA intensity and 15 Hz frequency for 20 min...
November 4, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098427/association-between-egg-consumption-and-cardiovascular-disease-events-diabetes-and-all-cause-mortality
#12
Jing Guo, Ditte A Hobbs, John R Cockcroft, Peter C Elwood, Janet E Pickering, Julie A Lovegrove, David I Givens
PURPOSE: The association between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains controversial. We investigated the association between egg consumption and risk of CVD (primary outcome), T2D and mortality in the Caerphilly prospective cohort study (CAPS) and National Diet and Nutritional Survey (NDNS). METHODS: CAPS included 2512 men aged 45-59 years (1979-1983). Dietary intake, disease incidence and mortality were updated at 5-year intervals...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081062/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-zinc-oxide-and-zinc-methionine-on-layer-performance-egg-quality-and-blood-serum-indices
#13
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ayman S Salah, Mervat A Abdel-Latif, Mohamed F A Farghly
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of dietary zinc oxide (ZnO) and zinc methionine (Zn-Met) supplementation on layer performance, quality of egg, some blood constituents, and oxidative status in blood of laying hens. A total of 120 laying hens (Hisex Brown) 22-week-old were indiscriminately allotted into five groups of 24 hens with six replications (four birds/replicate). A complete randomized design experiment was performed including control (basal diet), two levels of ZnO (50 and 100 mg/kg basal diet), and two levels of Zn-Met (50 and 100 mg/kg basal diet) through 22 to 34 weeks of age...
October 28, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077959/performance-and-serum-biochemical-profile-of-japanese-quail-supplemented-with-silymarin-and-contaminated-with-aflatoxin-b1
#14
M I Sakamoto, A E Murakami, A M Fernandes, I C Ospina-Rojas, K C Nunes, A K Hirata
The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of silymarin in diets contaminated or not with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the productive performance and serum biochemical profile of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in the laying phase. A total of 240 12-week-old Japanese quail was used in a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial scheme (additives x contaminated or not with AFB1 - 1,500 μg/kg), totaling 6 treatments and 5 replicates of 8 birds each. The additives used were silymarin (500 g/ton), adsorbent (1 kg/ton), and a control diet (without additive)...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077922/a-meta-analysis-on-the-effect-of-canthaxanthin-on-egg-production-in-brown-egg-layers
#15
M Umar Faruk, F F Roos, F Cisneros-Gonzalez
A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of the carotenoid canthaxanthin on production performance in layer hens. The data set contained 576 performance measurements from 34 trials. The trials were all conducted according to a similar experimental protocol from 1997 to 2012. The age of the animals ranged from 21 to 65 weeks. The experimental diets were predominantly wheat/SBM based, fed in mash form ad libitum. Depending on the trial and the treatment group considered, canthaxanthin supplementation was in the range of 0 to 8 mg/kg of feed...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077917/characterization-of-ornithobacterium-rhinotracheale-from-commercial-layer-chickens-in-eastern-japan
#16
D V Umali, K Shirota, K Sasai, H Katoh
From a total of 72 commercial layer and pullet farms that were monitored in the eastern Japan area, 4 farms had mild to severe respiratory disease accompanied by decreased feed intake and drop in egg production. Microbiological analysis showed that 3 of the 4 farms, particularly from Fukushima, Tochigi, and Ibaraki prefectures, were positive for Ornithobacterum rhinotracheale (ORT). Out of 65 birds examined, ORT was isolated in 21 birds (32.31%). All isolates were Gram-negative pleomorphic rods with a colony size of 0...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077907/effect-of-different-split-feeding-treatments-on-performance-egg-quality-and-bone-quality-of-individually-housed-aged-laying-hens
#17
A Molnár, L Maertens, B Ampe, J Buyse, J Zoons, E Delezie
In order to try to combat the effect of age on eggshell quality in aged laying hens, 5 split-feeding treatments were compared with conventional feeding between 75 and 92 wk of age. In the conventional treatment (T1), the same morning (M) and afternoon (A) diet was fed containing fine (FL) and coarse (CL) limestone at a 50:50 ratio. In the split treatments, the ratio of FL and CL was 50:50 or 30:70, and time of administration (M/A) differed. The following treatments were given: T2 = 50FL-M:50CL-A, T3 = 50CL-M:50FL-A, T4 = 30FL-M:20FL-A+50CL-A, T5 = 30FL-M:70CL-A, and T6 = 0M:30FL-A+70CL-A...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072374/2-hydroxy-4-methylthio-butanoic-acid-and-dl-methionine-for-japanese-quails-in-production
#18
D V G Vieira, F G P Costa, M R Lima, J G de V Júnior, T P Bonaparte, D T Cavalcante
An experiment was performed using 1,000 laying Japanese quails to assess the availability of two alternative dietary methionine sources. Treatment 01 = Basal Feed that is deficient in digestible methionine + cystine (Met + Cys). The other treatments were constituted by Met + Cys levels of 0.8, 1.60 and 2.40 g/kg, supplemented with DL-Methionine-99%, HMTBA-88% and HMTBA-84%, being 10 treatments in total. The following characteristics were studied: feed intake (g/bird/day), egg production (egg/day × 100), egg weight (g/egg), egg mass (g/egg), feed conversion per egg dozen (kg feed/dozen eggs), feed conversion per egg mass (kg feed/kg eggs), relative yolk weight (g/100 g of egg), relative albumen weight (g/100 g of egg), relative shell weight (g/100 g of egg), shell thickness (mm) and specific gravity (g/cm(3) )...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070273/oral-immunotherapy-in-children-with-ige-mediated-hen-s-egg-allergy-follow-ups-at-2-5-and-7-years
#19
Paolo Meglio, Paolo Gianni Giampietro, Rossella Carello, Elena Galli
BACKGROUND: The present report was a follow-up investigation at 2.5- and 7-year intervals of a previous study of 20 children with moderate-to-severe immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated hen's egg (HE) allergy who received oral immunotherapy (OIT) with raw HE. The study design of the previous study divided the 20 subjects into two groups of 10 each: (1) group 1, the OIT group (OIT-G), and, (2) group 2, an age-matched control group (C-G). In that study, 8 of 10 of the children in the OIT-G were successfully desensitized, one child was partially desensitized, and desensitization failed in one child...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070089/feed-resource-selection-of-criollo-goats-artificially-infected-with-haemonchus-contortus-nutritional-wisdom-and-prophylactic-self-medication
#20
J Ventura-Cordero, P G González-Pech, P R Jaimez-Rodriguez, G I Ortiz-Ocampo, C A Sandoval-Castro, J F J Torres-Acosta
Previous cafeteria studies suggested that a moderate natural gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection did not modify the resource selection of adult Criollo goats towards tannin-rich plants compared with worm-free goats. A higher infection with Haemonchus contortus could trigger a change in the resource selection behaviour towards tannin-rich foliage. Alternatively, goats might select plant species solely to meet their nutritional requirements. A cafeteria study investigated the effect of a high artificial infection with H...
October 26, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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