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Egg intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791504/periconceptional-maternal-dairy-rich-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-prenatal-cerebellar-growth
#1
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Irene V Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrition during pregnancy has been related to intrauterine brain development and neurodevelopmental disabilities in adult life. We aim to investigate associations between periconceptional maternal dietary patterns and prenatal cerebellar growth from the first trimester onwards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 126 women with singleton non-malformed pregnancies were enrolled before 8 weeks of gestation in the Rotterdam periconceptional cohort between 2013 and 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791454/development-and-validation-of-a-short-food-questionnaire-to-screen-for-low-protein-intake-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-protein-screener-55-pro55
#2
Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Liset E M Elstgeest, Henrica C W de Vet, Mary Nicolaou, Marieke B Snijder, Marjolein Visser
In old age, sufficient protein intake is important to preserve muscle mass and function. Around 50% of older adults (65+ y) consumes ≤1.0 g/kg adjusted body weight (BW)/day (d). There is no rapid method available to screen for low protein intake in old age. Therefore, we aimed to develop and validate a short food questionnaire to screen for low protein intake in community-dwelling older adults. We used data of 1348 older men and women (56-101 y) of the LASA study (the Netherlands) to develop the questionnaire and data of 563 older men and women (55-71 y) of the HELIUS study (the Netherlands) for external validation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788213/carcass-and-meat-quality-of-dual-purpose-chickens-lohmann-dual-belgian-malines-schweizerhuhn-in-comparison-to-broiler-and-layer-chicken-types
#3
S Mueller, M Kreuzer, M Siegrist, K Mannale, R E Messikommer, I D M Gangnat
Currently, there is an intensive ethical discussion about the practice of culling day-old layer cockerels. One solution to avoid this practice could be using dual-purpose types, where males are fattened for meat and females used for egg production. The aim of the present study was to compare fattening performance, carcass conformation, and composition as well as meat quality of Lohmann Dual, a novel dual-purpose type, and 2 traditional dual-purpose types (Belgian Malines and Schweizerhuhn) with 2 broiler types and 1 layer type (Lohmann Brown Plus)...
May 18, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#4
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786804/-protein-deficiency-a-rare-nutrient-deficiency
#5
Gunnar Johansson
There is a widespread myth that we have to be careful about what we eat so that we do not cause protein deficiency. We know today that it is virtually impossible to design a calorie-sufficient diet, whether it is based on meat, fish, eggs, various vegetarian diets or even unprocessed whole natural plant foods, which is lacking in protein and any of the amino acids. The body is capable of taking incomplete proteins and making them complete by utilizing the amino acid recycling mechanism. The majority of amino acids absorbed from the intestinal tract are derived from recycled body protein...
May 21, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783951/the-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-responses-of-daphnia-pulex-to-changes-in-temperature-and-food-supply-comprise-environment-specific-and-clone-specific-elements
#6
Dörthe Becker, Yann Reydelet, Jacqueline A Lopez, Craig Jackson, John K Colbourne, Susan Hawat, Michael Hippler, Bettina Zeis, Rüdiger J Paul
BACKGROUND: Regulatory adjustments to acute and chronic temperature changes are highly important for aquatic ectotherms because temperature affects their metabolic rate as well as the already low oxygen concentration in water, which can upset their energy balance. This also applies to severe changes in food supply. Thus, we studied on a molecular level (transcriptomics and/or proteomics) the immediate responses to heat stress and starvation and the acclimation to different temperatures in two clonal isolates of the model microcrustacean Daphnia pulex from more or less stressful environments, which showed a higher (clone M) or lower (clone G) tolerance to heat and starvation...
May 21, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776365/nutrient-intake-disparities-in-the-us-modeling-the-effect-of-food-substitutions
#7
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770537/dietary-intake-of-iodine-enriched-eggs-decreases-the-incidence-of-mouse-mammary-tumors-caused-by-the-activated-erbb2-oncogene
#8
Kazunori Oyama, Takahiro Shimoda, Makoto Miyagawa, Mizuki Sone, Jiro Yokoyama, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Tomokazu Fukuda
Human epigenetic studies suggest that consumption of seaweed prevents mammary cancer, which possibly is explained by iodine daily intake. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of dietary intake of iodine-enriched eggs on mammary tumor incidence caused by the expression of activated type ErbB2. Female transgenic mice were divided into three groups, and fed a basic diet, a diet supplemented with ordinary eggs, or with iodine-enriched eggs. The number of mammary tumors greater than 5 mm in diameter was recorded in mice at 6 months of age...
May 16, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767138/effects-of-essential-oils-on-performance-egg-quality-nutrient-digestibility-and-yolk-fatty-acid-profile-in-laying-hens
#9
Xuemei Ding, Yang Yu, Zhuowei Su, Keying Zhang
The study was conducted to investigate the effect of essential oils on performance, egg quality, nutrient digestibility and yolk fatty acid profile in laying hens. A total of 960 Lohmann laying hens aged 53 weeks were enrolled, under 4 different treatment diets supplemented with 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg essential oils (Enviva EO, Dupont Nutrition Biosciences ApS, Denmark), respectively. Each treatment was replicated 8 times with 30 birds each. Birds were fed dietary treatment diets for 12 weeks (54 to 65 weeks)...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764315/effects-of-egg-consumption-and-choline-supplementation-on-plasma-choline-and-trimethylamine-n-oxide-in-a-young-population
#10
Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Maria Luz Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Plasma trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations have been associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Eggs are a rich source of choline, which is a precursor of TMAO. OBJECTIVE: The effects of egg intake versus daily choline supplementation were evaluated on plasma choline and TMAO in a young, healthy population. METHODS: Thirty participants (14 males, 16 females; 25.6 ± 2.3 years; body mass index = 24.3 ± 2.9 kg/m2 ) were enrolled in this 13-week crossover intervention...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764188/effects-of-extruded-flaxseed-on-layer-performance-nutrient-digestibility-and-yolk-fatty-acid-composition
#11
S Huang, B Baurhoo, A Mustafa
1. This study was conducted to determine the effects of feeding an extruded flaxseed (EF) on layer performance, apparent total tract nutrient digestibility (ATTD), and egg yolk fatty acid concentrations. 2. Seventy-two White Leghorn laying hens (58-week-old; three per cage) were randomly allotted to one of four dietary treatments: 0, 7.5, 15.0 and 22.5% of EF-supplemented diets for eight weeks. 3. Supplementation with EF had no effect on feed intake, egg production, feed conversion ratio, and egg weight. Egg components (yolk, albumen, and shell percentages) were similar among treatments, except that shell percentage was greater for layers fed 22...
May 15, 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762522/dietary-pattern-and-plasma-bcaa-variations-in-healthy-men-and-women-results-from-the-karmen-study
#12
Benedikt Merz, Lara Frommherz, Manuela J Rist, Sabine E Kulling, Achim Bub, Bernhard Watzl
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in plasma are discussed as risk factors for the onset of several diseases. Information about the contribution of the overall diet to plasma BCAA concentrations is controversial. Our objective was to investigate which dietary pattern is associated with plasma BCAA concentrations and whether other additional nutrients besides BCAA further characterize this dietary pattern. Based on the cross-sectional KarMeN study, fasting plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations, as well as current and habitual dietary intake were assessed in 298 healthy individuals...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752189/portion-sizes-from-24-hour-dietary-recalls-differed-by-sex-among-those-who-selected-the-same-portion-size-category-on-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#13
Minji Kang, Song-Yi Park, Carol J Boushey, Lynne R Wilkens, Kristine R Monroe, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Suzanne P Murphy, Hee-Young Paik
BACKGROUND: Accounting for sex differences in food portions may improve dietary measurement; however, this factor has not been well examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine sex differences in reported food portions from 24-hour dietary recalls (24HDRs) among those who selected the same portion size category on a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ). DESIGN: This study was conducted with a cross-sectional design...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746639/branched-chain-amino-acids-are-the-primary-limiting-amino-acids-in-the-diets-of-endurance-trained-men-after-a-bout-of-prolonged-exercise
#14
Hiroyuki Kato, Katsuya Suzuki, Makoto Bannai, Daniel R Moore
Background: The indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method estimates the protein intake required to maximize whole-body protein synthesis and identify the daily protein requirement in a variety of populations. However, it is unclear whether the greater requirements for endurance athletes previously determined by the IAAO reflect an increased demand for all or only some amino acids. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the primary rate-limiting amino acids in endurance-trained athletes after prolonged exercise, by measuring the oxidation of ingested [1-13C]phenylalanine in response to variable amino acid intake...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743107/dietary-selenium-intake-based-on-the-chinese-food-pagoda-the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-on-selenium-intake
#15
Jing Wang, Linsheng Yang, Hairong Li, Yonghua Li, Binggan Wei
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is essential for humans, with many critical roles in physiological and pathophysiological processes. Fish, eggs and meats are usually the rich food sources of Se. To improve the nutritional status of population, a new version of balanced dietary pattern in the form of the Chinese Food Pagoda (2016) was proclaimed. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of this balanced dietary pattern to daily Se intake, and to assess Se intake status of Chinese residents under this Food Pagoda scenario...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741697/metabolic-availability-of-the-limiting-amino-acids-lysine-and-tryptophan-in-cooked-white-african-cornmeal-assessed-in-healthy-young-men-using-the-indicator-amino-acid-oxidation-technique
#16
Mahroukh Rafii, Rajavel Elango, Ronald O Ball, Paul B Pencharz, Glenda Courtney-Martin
Background: Maize is a staple food in many regions of the world, particularly in Africa and Latin America. However, maize protein is limiting in the indispensable amino acids lysine and tryptophan, making its protein of poor quality. Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the protein quality of white African cornmeal by determining the metabolic availability (MA) of lysine and tryptophan. Methods: To determine the MA of lysine, 4 amounts of l-lysine (10, 13, 16, and 18 mg ...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740890/effect-of-adjuvants-on-in-ovo-vaccination-against-newcastle-disease-on-hatchability-performance-and-antibody-titres-in-commercial-pullets
#17
P Soleimani Roudi, A Golian, A Haghparast, M R Bassami, R Majidzadeh Heravi
This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of in ovo administration of aluminium hydroxide (AH) and/or mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) adjuvants along with lentogenic VG/GA strain-Avinew to alleviate the embryonic pathogenicity of Newcastle disease virus. Six hundred and thirty fertilized Bovans eggs were divided into nine groups of 70 each incubated in a commercial hatchery and administered with eight types of in ovo injections in a factorial design of 2 × 2 × 2 including with/without AH, MOS and Newcastle disease vaccine (NDV), and one uninjected group on day 18 of incubation...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721288/the-effects-of-food-and-parasitism-on-reproductive-performance-of-a-wild-rodent
#18
Pei-Jen L Shaner, Ai-Yun Yu, Shou-Hsien Li, Ching-Ho Hou
Food and parasitism can have complex effects on small mammal reproduction. In this study, we tested the effects of sex, food, and parasitism on reproductive performance of the Taiwan field mouse ( Apodemus semotus ). In a field experiment, we increased food availability for a portion of the mice in the population by providing sorghum seeds to a set of food stations. We reduced parasite intensity of randomly chosen mice through ivermectin treatment. We determined the number and quality of offspring for the mice using paternity analysis...
April 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720928/evaluation-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-cardiovascular-disease-related-diet-and-lifestyle-factors
#19
Karianne Svendsen, Hege Berg Henriksen, Beate Østengen, David R Jacobs, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Monica H Carlsen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: The Vascular lifestyle-Intervention and Screening in phArmacies (VISA) study investigates diet and lifestyle factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As part of the study methodology, a short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the VISA-FFQ, was adapted from the Norwegian NORDIET-FFQ. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the VISA-FFQ and its ability to estimate intakes of foods and lifestyle factors in screening for elevated risk of CVD...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713797/whole-egg-consumption-and-cortical-bone-in-healthy-children
#20
L M Coheley, J M Kindler, E M Laing, A Oshri, K M Hill Gallant, S J Warden, M Peacock, C M Weaver, R D Lewis
Eggs contain bioactive compounds thought to benefit pediatric bone. This cross-sectional study shows a positive link between childhood egg intake and radius cortical bone. If randomized trials confirm our findings, incorporating eggs into children's diets could have a significant impact in preventing childhood fractures and reducing the risk of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: This study examined the relationships between egg consumption and cortical bone in children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study design included 294 9-13-year-old black and white males and females...
April 30, 2018: Osteoporosis International
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